CN110054412A - A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology - Google Patents

A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110054412A
CN110054412A CN201910422095.9A CN201910422095A CN110054412A CN 110054412 A CN110054412 A CN 110054412A CN 201910422095 A CN201910422095 A CN 201910422095A CN 110054412 A CN110054412 A CN 110054412A
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China
Prior art keywords
glaze
super abrasive
diamond
frit
production technology
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CN201910422095.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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南顺芝
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南顺芝
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Priority to CN201910422095.9A priority Critical patent/CN110054412A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/04Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing zinc
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/20Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions containing titanium compounds; containing zirconium compounds

Abstract

The present invention relates to ceramic tile technical fields, and in particular to a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology, the Formulation Ingredients composition of diamond glaze by weight percentage are as follows: SiO263.36%、Al2O314.57%、Fe2O30.07%、CaO8.62%、Mgo1.43%、PbO1.56%、ZrO20.02%、BaO3.96%、ZnO4.96%、Tio21.43%、B2O30.023%;It, which can effectively solve, complete throws that vitreous brick surface is not wear-resisting to lead to problems such as to fit up effect unsightly, with wear resistance up to 4000 turns or more, with a thickness of 0.2mm, transparency is up to 90% or so, so that tile product is more wear resistant, while having richer pattern, texture is fine and smooth, pattern finishing effect is consistent with natural marble fidelity, greatly improves vitreous brick value, is conducive to market competition fruit.

Description

A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology
[technical field]
The present invention relates to ceramic tile technical fields, and in particular to a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology.
[background technique]
With the continuous improvement of people's quality of life and life taste, requirement of the people to house is not only to rest on screening On windscreen rain and warming level, but pursue family life quality.Therefore, ceramic tile has played house decoration very important Effect.With the development that economy is with rapid changepl. never-ending changes and improvements, ceramic tile obtains the development and raising of various aspects also with science and technology, from initial exterior wall Brick, internal wall brick develop to Full-glazed tile of today, imitation stone.Although full throwing glaze of today and imitation stone possess face abundant Color, bright gloss bring unprecedented visual effect to ceramic tile field.
At present market be occur panoramic tile product all have the characteristics that one it is unified be exactly not wear-resisting, pattern It is not abundant enough, it is mainly reflected in following two o'clock:
First is, the glaze wear resistance of ceramic tile surface is inadequate, and wear resistance is generally at 1500 turns or less.
Second is, the glaze transparency of ceramic tile surface is inadequate, and general stamp can only print the road 2-3 color, so that traditional pattern By great limitation, it is difficult to meet finishing requirement.Lead to that the ceramic tile produced is easy to scratch and pattern is not abundant enough.
Therefore tile product surface layer glaze wear resistance is inadequate, and hardness is insufficient, becomes and complete throws glaze and fatal weak of imitation stone The wear resistance of point, product is insufficient, and hardness will not enough will affect the practical function of tile product.Meanwhile full throwing glaze is being spread at present The ground of ceramic tile shows the shape of " paint face cat " it is obvious that scratch trace on glaze clearly under light refraction State, aesthetic effect are had a greatly reduced quality.Therefore how to realize that glaze was not only wear-resisting but also transparent, it is the problem to be solved in the present invention.
[summary of the invention]
In view of the defects and deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention intends to provide a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and lifes Production. art.
A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula of the present invention, Formulation Ingredients composition by weight percentage are as follows:
SiO263.36%, Al2O314.57%, Fe2O30.07%, CaO8.62%, Mgo1.43%, PbO1.56%, ZrO20.02%, BaO3.96%, ZnO4.96%, Tio21.43%, B2O30.023%.
The production technology of super abrasive diamond glaze, using following steps:
Step 1: the preparation of diamond fritted glaze raw material, using following steps:
S1: following composition: SiO is taken by weight percentage242.95%, Al2O324.2%, Fe2O30.25%, CaO7.92%, Mgo4.66%, K2O3.9%, Na2O1.4%, BaO2.6%, ZnO2.3%;
S2: the composition of S1 is imported in blender, is carried out uniform stirring, is obtained mixture one;
S3: by the mixture one in S2, being promoted to Cinker clew furnace platform using electric block, molten into feeder, then extremely Handled in block furnace, repetition test debugging, adjusting initial melting temperature is 1095 DEG C, when melting temperature is 1160 DEG C, formed half at Product material;
S4: the semi-finished product material in S3 is discharged, and by cold water chilling, after quality inspection, forms finished product frit;
Step 2: the preparation of screen printing glaze, using following steps:
S1: constitutive material proportion by weight percentage is as follows:
Frit 85%, feldspar 8%, kaolin 4%, special material one 1.5%, special material 2 1.5%;
S2: it by raw material composition and ratio in S1, imports in ball mill;
S3: by the glaze slip of the ball mill work disposal of S2, carrying out blowing, sieving, drying, then carries out playing powder, slurry ball Grinding rate is the full mistake of 200 mesh, when firing temperature is 1200 DEG C, then is sieved by high frequency vibration screen, finally carries out quality inspection It forms wear resistance to turn up to 2100-4500, the good diamond frit super abrasive printing glaze of transparency.
Further, the special material one is corundum material.
Further, the special material two are as follows: 325 mesh silica flours, cubic silicon carbide silicon materials;325 mesh silica flours and vertical Square carbofrax material is respectively 1.35% and 0.15% by weight percentage.
The invention has the following beneficial effects: a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula of the present invention and production technology, it can be effective Solve it is complete throw that vitreous brick surface is not wear-resisting to lead to problems such as to fit up effect unsightly, there is wear resistance to turn up to 2100-4500, thickness For 0.2mm, transparency is up to 90% or so, so that tile product is more wear resistant, while having richer pattern, texture is fine and smooth, pattern It is consistent with natural marble fidelity to fit up effect, greatly improves vitreous brick value, is conducive to market competition fruit.
[Detailed description of the invention]
Described herein the drawings are intended to provide a further understanding of the invention, constitutes part of this application, but It does not constitute improper limitations of the present invention, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the section structure diagram one of the ceramic tile of brand in the market in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the section structure diagram two of the ceramic tile of brand in the market in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the section structure diagram one that the present invention is applied on authentic Dali stone ceramic tile;
Fig. 4 is the section structure diagram two that the present invention is applied on authentic Dali stone ceramic tile.
[specific embodiment]
Below will with specific embodiment come the present invention will be described in detail, illustrative examples therein and explanation only be used to solve The present invention is released, but not as a limitation of the invention.
A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula described in present embodiment, Formulation Ingredients composition by weight percentage is such as Under:
SiO263.36%, Al2O314.57%, Fe2O30.07%, CaO8.62%, Mgo1.43%, PbO1.56%, ZrO20.02%, BaO3.96%, ZnO4.96%, Tio21.43%, B2O30.023%.
The production technology of super abrasive diamond glaze, using following steps:
Step 1: the preparation of diamond fritted glaze raw material, using following steps:
S1: following composition: SiO is taken by weight percentage242.95%, Al2O324.2%, Fe2O30.25%, CaO7.92%, Mgo4.66%, K2O3.9%, Na2O1.4%, BaO2.6%, ZnO2.3%;
S2: the composition of S1 is imported in blender, is carried out uniform stirring, is obtained mixture one;
S3: by the mixture one in S2, being promoted to Cinker clew furnace platform using electric block, molten into feeder, then extremely Handled in block furnace, repetition test debugging, adjusting initial melting temperature is 1095 DEG C, when melting temperature is 1160 DEG C, formed half at Product material;
S4: the semi-finished product material in S3 is discharged, and by cold water chilling, after quality inspection, forms finished product frit;
Step 2: the preparation of screen printing glaze, using following steps:
S1: constitutive material proportion by weight percentage is as follows:
Frit 85%, feldspar 8%, kaolin 4%, special material one 1.5%, special material 2 1.5%;
S2: it by raw material composition and ratio in S1, imports in ball mill;
S3: by the glaze slip of the ball mill work disposal of S2, carrying out blowing, sieving, drying, then carries out playing powder, slurry ball Grinding rate is the full mistake of 200 mesh, when firing temperature is 1200 DEG C, then is sieved by high frequency vibration screen, finally carries out quality inspection It forms wear resistance to turn up to 2100-4500, the good diamond frit super abrasive printing glaze of transparency;Diamond frit super abrasive printing glaze is pressed The Formulation Ingredients composition of weight percent is as follows: SiO263.36%, Al2O314.57%, Fe2O30.07%, CaO8.62%, Mgo1.43%, PbO1.56%, ZrO20.02%, BaO3.96%, ZnO4.96%, Tio21.43%, B2O30.023%.
Further, the special material one is corundum material.
Further, two: the 325 mesh silica flour of special material, cubic silicon carbide silicon materials;325 mesh silica flours and cube Carbofrax material is respectively 1.35% and 0.15% by weight percentage.The technological parameter of the glaze slip of printing glaze in the present invention is such as Under:
The technological parameter of present invention glazing on ceramic tile face is as follows:
Diamond frit firing process parameter in the present invention is as follows:
The firing process technological parameter of printing glaze in the present invention is as follows:
Project Parameter
Maximum sintering temperature (DEG C) 1205℃
Firing time (minute) 120 minutes
Between soaking time (minute) 15 minutes
Examining report illustrates in the present invention:
Detection project: diffraction semi-quantitative analysis;Examination criteria: SY/T5163-2010;Experimental situation condition: 25 DEG C, 65% RH;Report number: S9392/W170822-02;
Testing result explanation: the principal goods in the glaze of this product Dali stone ceramic tile mutually contains anorthite 7%, orthoclase 8%, thoroughly length 3% 3 kind of solid solution substance of stone;Contrast sample only contains 10% solid solution of anorthite in similar ceramic tile in the market;
Wherein: orthoclase is important rock-forming mineral, and crystal belongs to monoclinic system, hardness 6-6.5, specific gravity 2.56- 2.58, there is glassy lustre.High-quality transparent orthoclase crystal may be used as jewel.And glassy feldspar belongs to the one of orthoclase A subspecies are that the high temperature of orthoclase becomes clock, belong to monoclinic system, and Mohs' hardness 6-6.5 is usually colourless, transparent such as water.Therefore this hair Solid solution content wants high by 8% in the glaze of bright Dali stone ceramic tile, both solid solution exist, and greatly improves the hard of product Degree.
Can also directly it find out from X diffraction, the content of amorphous phase substance is 76% in the stone ceramic tile glaze of this product Dali, and right Content than the amorphous phase substance in ceramic tile similar in sample markets is 89%.Here stood up amorphous phase substance, that is, glass substance.
Therefore the solid solution substance in Dali stone ceramic tile glaze of the invention is apparently higher than contrast sample similar ceramic tile in the market, Solid solution content of material is more, and X diffraction maximum is stronger, and the hardness and transparency of corresponding product are better.Therefore the Dali in the present invention The defects of stone fritted glaze has very high wear resistance and good transparency, and it is easy to scratch to overcome traditional ceramic tile, not wear-resisting, greatly Ground improves the finishing performance attractive in appearance of product.
In order to improve the wear resistance of ceramic tile, a kind of diamond frit is had developed to solve the problems, such as ceramic tile wear resistance, was being researched and developed Cheng Zhong has tested multiple groups frit formula, uses frit 1, frit 2 respectively, and frit 3 indicates.The composition and composition being formulated by research, And their initial melting temperature, melting temperature are analyzed, finally obtain wear resistance height, the good frit formula of transparency.
Frit formula composition (%)
Therefore best using the compositing formula of the side 2#.
The present invention in the course of the research, compares frit initial melting temperature and melting temperature, is tested, and compares as follows:
By the formula of the upper table side 2#, find the diamond frit grain initial melting temperature at 1095 DEG C, 1160 DEG C of melting temperature.Tradition Frit grain initial melting temperature at 945 DEG C, 1020 DEG C of melting temperature.Therefore, which can be produced using high temperature technology The transparency of product is best, and product color development is most stable, wear resistance highest (up to 4000 turns).
The authentic Dali stone ceramic tile of glaze production of the invention, with instantly in the market compared with the product of certain brand: as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 For certain brand Dali stone ceramic tile (section) figure in the market;Fig. 3, Fig. 4 are the section that the present invention is applied on authentic Dali stone ceramic tile Figure.Therebetween it can be contrasted, more preferably, weight is more preferable for this product.
Equipment involved in the present invention has as follows: feeder, blender, Cinker clew furnace, ball mill, sink attached cylinder, high step vibration sieve, Glaze line, screen decorating machine, ink jet printer, firing furnace.Above-mentioned is existing equipment.
Advantages of the present invention is as follows:
(1) after diamond frit and super abrasive printing glaze are applied in marble tile product, make marble tile product Surface abrasion resistance degree turns up to 2100-4500;
(2) diamond frit and super abrasive printing glaze are applied in marble tile product, may be implemented during stamp Screen printing technology in the road 6-12 makes product have pattern abundant, and texture is fine and smooth, has effect true to nature as natural marble Fruit, finishing effect are natural and tripping.
(3) so that ceramic industry is stepped into " authentic marble " the ceramic tile stage, allow the finishing artistic level and aesthetic effect of house ornamentation It is greatly improved.
(4) after super abrasive diamond glaze is applied on authentic Dali stone ceramic tile, solve that traditionally ceramic tile is not wear-resisting to ask Topic, for following market, it will possess more favor persons;Second, glaze is more transparent, so that the pattern of product is abundant more Effect true to nature as natural marble is fully achieved in coloured silk.General natural marble price in 4500~8000 yuan/m2, and 101 yuan/m2 of authentic Dali stone ceramic tile price.If replacing natural marble with authentic Dali stone ceramic tile in house ornamentation, it will save Very big decoration cost, and fit up effect and approached with natural marble, it is worth wideling popularize in the industry completely.Third, day Right Dali stone ceramic tile uses many precious rare natural mineral resources, and transition uses natural marble stone, leads to treasure Cherish mineral resources serious loss." authentic marble " ceramic tile uses common ceramic raw material, effectively turns waste into wealth, has reached both rings Protect again economical and practical effect.
(5) economic calculation: diamond frit and super abrasive printing glaze are applied on " authentic marble " ceramic tile, according to production The supply-demand situation of product and following development trend are " complete having a size of 600*900mm, 800*800mm, 600*600mm specification True marble " ceramic tile producer price is 65 yuan/piece.
" authentic marble " ceramic tile and market tile product cost and producer price compare:
Main economic project forecast analyzes (single kiln/year) " authentic marble " ceramic tile total output are as follows: 2,250,000 m2, totle drilling cost It is 30,000,000 yuan, income from sales are as follows: 146,250,000 yuan, it is 121,380,000 yuan that tax revenue, which enters, gross profit are as follows: 90,000,000 yuan.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, therefore all according to feature described in present patent application range and original Done equivalent change or modification is managed, is included in the scope of the patent application of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula, it is characterised in that: Formulation Ingredients composition by weight percentage is as follows:
SiO263.36%、Al2O314.57%、Fe2O30.07%、 CaO8.62%、Mgo1.43%、PbO1.56%、ZrO20.02%、 BaO3.96%、ZnO4.96%、Tio2 1.43%、B2O30.023%。
2. a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze production technology, it is characterised in that: use following steps:
Step 1: the preparation of diamond fritted glaze raw material, using following steps:
S1: following composition: SiO is taken by weight percentage242.95% 、Al2O324.2%、 Fe2O30.25%、CaO7.92%、 Mgo4.66%、K2O3.9%、 Na2O1.4%,BaO2.6%,ZnO2.3%;
S2: the composition of S1 is imported in blender, is carried out uniform stirring, is obtained mixture one;
S3: by the mixture one in S2, being promoted to Cinker clew furnace platform using electric block, into feeder, then to Cinker clew furnace In handled, repetition test debugging, adjust initial melting temperature be 1095 DEG C, melting temperature be 1160 DEG C when, formed semi-finished product Material;
S4: the semi-finished product material in S3 is discharged, and by cold water chilling, after quality inspection, forms finished product frit;
Step 2: the preparation of screen printing glaze, using following steps:
S1: constitutive material proportion by weight percentage is as follows:
Frit 85%, feldspar 8%, kaolin 4%, special material one 1.5%, special material 2 1.5%;
S2: it by raw material composition and ratio in S1, imports in ball mill;
S3: by the glaze slip of the ball mill work disposal of S2, carrying out blowing, sieving, drying, then carries out beating powder, and slurry ball milling is thin Degree is the full mistake of 200 mesh, when firing temperature is 1200 DEG C, then is sieved by high frequency vibration screen, finally carries out quality inspection and is formed Wear resistance turns up to 2100-4500, the good diamond frit super abrasive printing glaze of transparency.
3. a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula according to claim 2 and production technology, it is characterised in that: the special original Material one is corundum material.
4. a kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula according to claim 1 and production technology, it is characterised in that: the special original Material two are as follows: 325 mesh silica flours, cubic silicon carbide silicon materials;325 mesh silica flours and cubic silicon carbide silicon materials are distinguished by weight percentage For 1.35% and 0.15%.
CN201910422095.9A 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology Pending CN110054412A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910422095.9A CN110054412A (en) 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 A kind of super abrasive diamond glaze formula and production technology

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110317051A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-11 佛山市陶莹新型材料有限公司 A kind of diamond dry granular and its processing method
CN112694344A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-23 佛山市大角鹿大理石瓷砖有限公司 Preparation method of micro-carving super-wear-resistant diamond glaze ceramic tile and micro-carving super-wear-resistant diamond glaze ceramic tile

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
马铁成等: "《陶瓷工艺学 第二版》", 31 August 2013, 中国轻工业出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110317051A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-11 佛山市陶莹新型材料有限公司 A kind of diamond dry granular and its processing method
CN112694344A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-23 佛山市大角鹿大理石瓷砖有限公司 Preparation method of micro-carving super-wear-resistant diamond glaze ceramic tile and micro-carving super-wear-resistant diamond glaze ceramic tile

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