CN110030925A - A kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and method - Google Patents

A kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110030925A
CN110030925A CN201910242320.0A CN201910242320A CN110030925A CN 110030925 A CN110030925 A CN 110030925A CN 201910242320 A CN201910242320 A CN 201910242320A CN 110030925 A CN110030925 A CN 110030925A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cereal
spaces
sub
information
window type
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Pending
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CN201910242320.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王秀
马伟
张贺
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Beijing Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture
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Beijing Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture
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Priority to CN201910242320.0A priority Critical patent/CN110030925A/en
Publication of CN110030925A publication Critical patent/CN110030925A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B11/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F17/00Methods or apparatus for determining the capacity of containers or cavities, or the volume of solid bodies
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G17/00Apparatus for or methods of weighing material of special form or property

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and methods, described device includes: the yield monitoring instrument for promoting auger and being fixed on outside the promotion auger, several promotion scraper plates of setting in the promotion auger, the promotion scraper plate is arranged in the promotion auger according to preset interval, by the promotion auger inside division at several sub-spaces, every sub-spaces correspond to a harvesting site of cereal;The yield monitoring instrument includes that window type diffuses electric transducer, locator and processor.Grain yield self-operated measuring unit provided in an embodiment of the present invention and method, being capable of automatic measurement grain yield.

Description

A kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural production technologies, and in particular to a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and method.
Background technique
Agriculture entire mechanization is the important goal of national development, and the acquirement of agricultural entire mechanization technology is advanced by leaps and bounds at present Development.But there are also problems for the technical application in entire mechanization engineering.For example, making for each cargo handling operation The final evaluation of industry quality is yield, but traditional survey produces mode and cannot achieve automatic measurement, and there are low efficiency, error are big The problem of.
Summary of the invention
For the defects in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and methods.
In a first aspect, the present invention provides a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring units, comprising: promote auger and be fixed on institute The yield monitoring instrument promoted outside auger is stated, several promotion scraper plates of setting, the promotion scraper plate are pressed in the promotion auger It is arranged in the promotion auger according to preset interval, by the promotion auger inside division at several sub-spaces, every sub-spaces One harvesting site of corresponding cereal;
The yield monitoring instrument includes that window type diffuses electric transducer, locator and processor;The promotion twists The aperture of a preset diameters is offered on dragon, the aperture is used for optical signal transmissive, the window type diffusing reflection photoelectric sensing Aperture described in the setting position alignment of device;
The processor and the window type electric transducer that diffuses are connect, for being diffused according to the window type The signal detecting result of electric transducer calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, and empty according to every height Between the volume information of subspace and the density information of cereal shared by middle cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, into And obtain the production information of each harvesting site cereal;
The processor is also connect with the locator, in the yield letter that a harvesting site cereal is often calculated When breath, obtain the location information of locator acquisition, and by the production information of the location information and harvesting site cereal into Row is corresponding to be saved.
Further, the processor and the window type electric transducer that diffuses are connect, for according to the window The diffuse signal detecting result of electric transducer of formula calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, packet It includes:
The processor obtains the signal detecting result of every sub-spaces according to the window type electric transducer that diffuses The window type electric transducer that diffuses is taken to detect the data point of feedback signal in every sub-spaces, and according to described The ratio of the quantity of data point and present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace determines subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces Volume information.
Further, the yield monitoring instrument is fixed on outside the promotion auger using magnetic adsorption mechanism.
Further, the locator is Beidou positioning device.
Further, the diameter of the aperture is 5mm.
Further, the cereal includes: any one in wheat, rice, corn, millet and soya bean.
Second aspect, it is automatic based on the grain yield as described in first aspect above that the embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of The grain yield method for automatic measurement of measuring device, comprising:
Starting promotes auger and starts to work, while starting the window type diffusing reflection photoelectricity being aligned with the aperture promoted on auger Sensor is started to work;
In the promotion auger motion process, the processor diffuses the letter of electric transducer according to the window type Number testing result calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, and according to shared by cereal in every sub-spaces The volume information of subspace and the density information of cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain each receipts Cut the production information of site cereal;
The processor is also used to obtain the positioning when the production information of a harvesting site cereal is often calculated The location information of device acquisition, and the location information is subjected to corresponding preservation with the production information of harvesting site cereal.
Further, in the promotion auger motion process, the processor is according to the window type diffusing reflection photoelectricity The signal detecting result of sensor calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, comprising:
In the promotion auger motion process, the processor diffuses electric transducer to every according to the window type The signal detecting results of sub-spaces obtains the window type electric transducer that diffuses and has detected in every sub-spaces instead The data point of feedback signal, and according to the ratio of the quantity of the data point and present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace, it determines The volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces.
As shown from the above technical solution, grain yield self-operated measuring unit provided in an embodiment of the present invention, due to processor The signal detecting result of electric transducer of being diffused according to window type calculates subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces Volume information obtains so as to the volume information of the subspace according to shared by cereal in every sub-spaces and the density information of cereal The production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain the production information of each harvesting site cereal.As it can be seen that the present invention is implemented The automatic measurement of grain yield may be implemented in the grain yield self-operated measuring unit that example provides, and measurement efficiency is high, accuracy It is high.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is the present invention Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis These attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the grain yield self-operated measuring unit that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for the magnetic adsorption mechanism that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 3 is the flow chart for the grain yield method for automatic measurement that one embodiment of the invention provides.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
One embodiment of the invention provides a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit, and referring to Fig. 1, the grain yield is automatic Measuring device includes: the yield monitoring instrument 2 for promoting auger 1 and being fixed on outside the promotion auger, in the promotion auger 1 Several are set and promotes scraper plate 11, the promotion scraper plate is arranged in the promotion auger according to preset interval, and the promotion is twisted For imperial inside division at several sub-spaces, the subspace corresponds to a harvesting of cereal for holding cereal A, every sub-spaces Site;
The yield monitoring instrument 2 includes that window type diffuses electric transducer, locator and processor;The promotion twists The aperture of a preset diameters is offered on dragon, the aperture is used for optical signal transmissive, the window type diffusing reflection photoelectric sensing Aperture described in the setting position alignment of device;
The processor and the window type electric transducer that diffuses are connect, for being diffused according to the window type The signal detecting result of electric transducer calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, and empty according to every height Between the volume information of subspace and the density information of cereal shared by middle cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, into And obtain the production information of each harvesting site cereal;
The processor is also connect with the locator, in the yield letter that a harvesting site cereal is often calculated When breath, obtain the location information of locator acquisition, and by the production information of the location information and harvesting site cereal into Row is corresponding to be saved.
In the present embodiment there are two types of different implementations, one kind being achieved in that the processor is according to the window The diffuse signal detecting result of electric transducer of mouthful formula directly calculates the volume letter of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces Breath.Another kind is achieved in that, the processor according to the window type diffuse electric transducer signal detecting result it is first The elevation information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces is calculated, is then believed further according to corresponding cross-sectional area information and height Breath obtains the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces.
Be illustrated by taking the first implementation as an example below: in the promotion auger motion process, the promotion is twisted Imperial internal every sub-spaces can all pass through the aperture, and the window type electric transducer that diffuse is small for being passed through according to light Hole enters the determining volume information for corresponding to subspace shared by cereal in subspace of reflection signal behind corresponding subspace.For example, false If (cereal is by taking wheat as an example) described window type after wheat berry is filled in corresponding subspace, the electric transducer that diffuses is able to detect that The data point for having feedback signal is 400, but the current window type diffuses, electric transducer has been able to detect that feedback The data point of signal only has 200, therefore illustrates that the volume of only half in the subspace at present therefore can equipped with wheat berry To obtain the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in corresponding subspace.Namely in the present embodiment, the processor is according to institute The window type electric transducer that diffuses is stated to obtain the window type to the signal detecting results of every sub-spaces and diffuse fax Sensor detects the data point of feedback signal in every sub-spaces, and according to the quantity of the data point and corresponding subspace The ratio of interior present count strong point total amount, determines the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces.
Similarly, in the every sub-spaces of signal detecting result calculating for the electric transducer that diffused according to the window type The principle of the elevation information of subspace shared by cereal is similar to above, and is diffused electric transducer pair according to the window type The signal detecting results of every sub-spaces obtains the window type electric transducer that diffuses and has detected in every sub-spaces The data point of feedback signal, and according to the ratio of the quantity of the data point and present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace, really The elevation information of subspace shared by cereal in fixed every sub-spaces.
In the present embodiment, the locator is Beidou positioning device.In the present embodiment, the diameter of the aperture is preferred For 5mm.In the present embodiment, the cereal includes: any one in wheat, rice, corn, millet and soya bean.
In the present embodiment, it should be noted that when the cereal signal in each sub-spaces records, while recording Beidou Positioning signal accomplishes to correspond, so as to obtain farmland different location point production information.In addition, processing is gone back in this way Convenient for the links such as yield, plant protection, fertilising are mapped by geographical location information, agriculture entire mechanization operating process is realized In each link it is traceable.
In the present embodiment, it is introduced by taking wheat as an example, in order to record the wheat yield of different location point, needs to record The Beidou of wheat different location point positions latitude and longitude information, then records the wheat yield of corresponding harvested position, and the present embodiment is excellent Choosing uses magnetic adsorption mechanism, in the fixed yield monitoring instrument in outside for promoting auger, harvesting wheat, the production of different location Amount automatically records, by window type diffuse electric transducer promoted auger in carry out acquisition measuring signal.After measurement, Directly yield monitoring instrument is taken off, is convenient for changing and maintains recycling.In the present embodiment, one is opened on promoting auger The aperture of 5mm diffuses window type electric transducer alignment apertures, as long as optical signal irradiation is entered.It is understood that It is, when window type diffusing reflection photoelectric sensing irradiates optical signal into corresponding subspace by aperture, if being filled in corresponding subspace There is wheat berry, then detects that the data point of feedback signal should be a default total amount (being assumed to be 400 points), if corresponding son It is not filled up with wheat berry in space, then detects that the data point of feedback signal is less than 400 points, at this point it is possible to according to inspection The number of the data point of feedback signal and the ratio of default total amount are measured, determines the volume or height of wheat in corresponding subspace Degree.
As shown from the above technical solution, grain yield self-operated measuring unit provided in an embodiment of the present invention, due to processor The signal detecting result of electric transducer of being diffused according to window type calculates subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces Volume information obtains so as to the volume information of the subspace according to shared by cereal in every sub-spaces and the density information of cereal The production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain the production information of each harvesting site cereal.As it can be seen that the present invention is implemented The automatic measurement of grain yield may be implemented in the grain yield self-operated measuring unit that example provides, and measurement efficiency is high, accuracy It is high.
Content based on the above embodiment, in the present embodiment, referring to fig. 2, the yield monitoring instrument 2 is using such as Fig. 2 Shown in magnetic adsorption mechanism 3 be fixed on it is described promoted auger 1 outside.
In Fig. 2, the magnetic adsorption mechanism 3 includes release handle 31, adjustable column 32, adsorption support 33 and magnet 34, Wherein, the front end of adjustable column 32 is arranged in the electric transducer 21 that diffuses of the window type in the yield monitoring instrument 2, passes through institute It states the adjustable window type of adjustable column 32 and diffuses electric transducer 21 at a distance from aperture.In addition, passing through 31 convenience of release handle The magnetic adsorption mechanism 3 and yield monitoring instrument 2 are moved to any position for promoting auger 1.
Another embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring units based on as described in above example Grain yield method for automatic measurement, referring to Fig. 3, this method comprises the following steps:
Step 101: starting promotes auger and starts to work, while it is unrestrained to start the window type being aligned with the aperture promoted on auger Retroreflective photoelectric sensor is started to work.
Step 102: in the promotion auger motion process, the processor diffuses fax according to the window type The signal detecting result of sensor calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, and according in every sub-spaces The volume information of subspace shared by cereal and the density information of cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain To the production information of each harvesting site cereal.
Step 103: the processor is also used to obtain when the production information of a harvesting site cereal is often calculated The location information of the locator acquisition, and the location information is subjected to corresponding guarantor with the production information of harvesting site cereal It deposits.
Content based on the above embodiment, in the present embodiment, in the promotion auger motion process, the processor Subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces is calculated according to the diffuse signal detecting result of electric transducer of the window type Elevation information, comprising:
In the promotion auger motion process, the processor diffuses electric transducer to every according to the window type The signal detecting results of sub-spaces obtains the window type electric transducer that diffuses and has detected in every sub-spaces instead The data point of feedback signal, and according to the ratio of the quantity of the data point and present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace, it determines The volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces.
Since grain yield method for automatic measurement provided in this embodiment uses grain yield described in above-described embodiment certainly Dynamic measuring device is realized, therefore its realization principle is similar with beneficial effect, and and will not be described here in detail.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as term " on ", "lower" is base In orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than indication or suggestion Signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as to this The limitation of invention.Unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, example Such as, it may be fixed connection or may be dismantle connection, or integral connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected It connects;It can be directly connected, the connection inside two elements can also be can be indirectly connected through an intermediary.For this For the those of ordinary skill in field, the specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific conditions.
It should also be noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to one Entity or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation There are any actual relationship or orders.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to contain Lid non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that There is also other identical elements in process, method, article or equipment including the element.
The above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments Invention is explained in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still can be to aforementioned each implementation Technical solution documented by example is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these are modified or replace It changes, the spirit and scope for technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit characterized by comprising promote auger and be fixed on outside the promotion auger The yield monitoring instrument in face, several promote scraper plates to the interior setting of the promotion auger, and the promotion scraper plate is set according to preset interval It sets in the promotion auger, by the promotion auger inside division at several sub-spaces, every sub-spaces correspond to the one of cereal A harvesting site;
The yield monitoring instrument includes that window type diffuses electric transducer, locator and processor;On the promotion auger Offer the aperture of a preset diameters, the aperture is used for optical signal transmissive, and the window type diffuses electric transducer Aperture described in position alignment is set;
The processor and the window type electric transducer that diffuses are connect, for being diffused fax according to the window type The signal detecting result of sensor calculates the volume information of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces, and according in every sub-spaces The volume information of subspace shared by cereal and the density information of cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain To the production information of each harvesting site cereal;
The processor is also connect with the locator, in the production information that a harvesting site cereal is often calculated When, the location information of the locator acquisition is obtained, and the production information of the location information and harvesting site cereal is carried out It is corresponding to save.
2. grain yield self-operated measuring unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the processor and the window Formula diffuses electric transducer connection, for according to the window type diffuse electric transducer signal detecting result calculate it is every The volume information of subspace shared by cereal in sub-spaces, comprising:
The processor obtains institute to the signal detecting results of every sub-spaces according to the window type electric transducer that diffuses It states the window type electric transducer that diffuses and detects the data point of feedback signal in every sub-spaces, and according to the data Quantity and the ratio of present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace of point, determine the body of subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces Product information.
3. grain yield self-operated measuring unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the yield monitoring instrument uses Magnetic adsorption mechanism is fixed on outside the promotion auger.
4. grain yield self-operated measuring unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the locator is Beidou positioning Device.
5. grain yield self-operated measuring unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the diameter of the aperture is 5mm.
6. grain yield self-operated measuring unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cereal includes: wheat, water Any one in rice, corn, millet and soya bean.
7. a kind of grain yield based on grain yield self-operated measuring unit as described in any one of claims 1 to 6 is surveyed automatically Amount method characterized by comprising
Starting promotes auger and starts to work, while starting the window type diffusing reflection photoelectric sensing being aligned with the aperture promoted on auger Device is started to work;
In the promotion auger motion process, the processor according to the window type diffuse electric transducer signal examine The volume information that result calculates subspace shared by cereal in every sub-spaces is surveyed, and the son according to shared by cereal in every sub-spaces is empty Between volume information and the density information of cereal obtain the production information of cereal in every sub-spaces, and then obtain each harvesting position Select the production information of cereal;
The processor is also used to obtain the locator when the production information of a harvesting site cereal is often calculated and adopt The location information of collection, and the location information is subjected to corresponding preservation with the production information of harvesting site cereal.
8. grain yield method for automatic measurement according to claim 7, which is characterized in that be moved through in the promotion auger Cheng Zhong, the processor calculate paddy in every sub-spaces according to the diffuse signal detecting result of electric transducer of the window type The volume information of subspace shared by object, comprising:
In the promotion auger motion process, the processor diffuses electric transducer to every height according to the window type The signal detecting result in space obtains the window type electric transducer that diffuses and has detected feedback letter in every sub-spaces Number data point determine each and according to the ratio of the quantity of the data point and present count strong point total amount in corresponding subspace The volume information of subspace shared by cereal in subspace.
CN201910242320.0A 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 A kind of grain yield self-operated measuring unit and method Pending CN110030925A (en)

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