Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides fast quick change electric systems and fast quick change method for electrically, to effectively have resolved or mitigated
One or more of problems above existing in the prior art and other aspect problems.
Firstly, according to the first aspect of the invention, it provides a kind of fast quick change electric system, the fast quick change electric system packet
It includes and changes level platform and battery deposits fortune component, it includes battery compartment and battery connecting device that the battery, which deposits fortune component, and the battery connects
Refute device be disposed in it is described change for transmitting battery between level platform and the battery compartment, the level platform that changes includes:
Lifting mechanism is used to be parked in the vehicle changed on level platform and is lifted to preset height, and can be down to institute
It states and changes on level platform；
Mechanism for assembling-disassembling is used to carry out battery disassembly and assembly operation to the vehicle for being lifted to the preset height；And
Transport mechanism is used to for the battery unloaded being sent to the battery connecting device from the vehicle, or will be from institute
The rechargeable battery for stating the removal of battery connecting device is sent at the vehicle to be attached it to will pass through the mechanism for assembling-disassembling
On the vehicle.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the lifting mechanism includes:
Lifting device of front wheel is arranged in the front for changing level platform, for being in contact with the front-wheel of the vehicle with by vehicle
Lifting or reduce；And
Wheel lifter afterwards is arranged in the rear portion for changing level platform, for being in contact with the rear-wheel of the vehicle with by vehicle
Lifting or reduce；And/or
The battery connecting device includes:
Lifting unit is provided with the elevating mechanism for carrying out elevating movement in a first direction, the first direction and institute
State change level platform working face it is perpendicular；
Translation unit is connected with the lifting unit, is used for so that the lifting unit is perpendicular with the first direction
Second direction on carry out translational motion；And
Battery relay unit is connected with the elevating mechanism, and is provided at least one battery position in storehouse, for storing from institute
It states and changes the immigration of level platform and the battery for being sent to the battery compartment or storage are moved into from the battery compartment and institute will be sent to
State the battery for changing level platform.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the translation unit is provided with guiding parts, the liter
Drop unit is configured to frame structure, and is provided with for being installed in the guiding parts to carry out the translation fortune
The lifting unit and the translation unit are configured to run simultaneously；And/or
The battery relay unit is provided with two or more battery positions in storehouse, and wherein at least one battery position in storehouse is for depositing
It puts from park in the battery unloaded on the vehicle for changing level platform, at least another battery position in storehouse is for storing from the battery
The rechargeable battery that storehouse moves into.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the lifting unit is provided with power part, is used for
Power is provided so that the component carries out the translational motion along the guiding parts；And/or
The two or more battery positions in storehouse are stacked along the first direction；And/or
Be provided with one or more transfer members at least one battery position in storehouse, for along third direction by battery move into or
The battery position in storehouse is removed, the battery in battery access direction and the transport mechanism in the third direction and the battery compartment passes
Send arranged direction parallel.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the battery connecting device is provided in it and is in
When initial position, wherein a battery position in storehouse of the battery relay unit and the battery unloaded from the vehicle are described in
The transmission position of battery connecting device is corresponding.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the battery compartment includes a battery compartment unit, or
Including two or more battery compartment units being arranged side by side, each battery compartment unit is configured to N layers, and every
Layer has M the first battery positions in storehouse, and wherein N and M is identical or different positive integer；And/or
The battery access direction of the battery compartment, the battery of the battery connecting device change level described in accessing direction and being parked in
Battery arrangement direction on the vehicle of platform is all the same.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the preset height is arranged such that the vehicle of vehicle
The working face of level platform is changed described in wheel disengaging and can implement the minimum constructive height of battery disassembly and assembly operation.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the fast quick change electric system further include:
Charging unit, by external and be connected by cable with the charge connector in the battery compartment, for being stored in
The battery stated in battery compartment charges；And/or
Cooling device is arranged for cooling down the battery being stored in the battery compartment.
It is optionally, described to change level platform in fast quick change electric system according to the present invention further include:
For exchanging the electrically operated control unit controlled；And/or
Vehicle bearing assembly is installed in and changes on level platform and have light condition and for carrying institute during changing electricity
State the loaded state of vehicle comprising at least two bogeys, they are arranged under the loaded state, each other
Levelness difference be in preset range so that the vehicle carried change electricity without Levelling operation.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the bogey includes:
Base portion is installed in described change on level platform；And
Carrier is connected with the base portion, and be provided under the loaded state formed between the base portion it is self-locking
To carry its weight with the vehicle contact.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the bogey includes power part, is set
At be used to provide power come so that the carrier relative to the base portion move it is in place after formed it is self-locking.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the carrier is provided in the light condition
First angle is formed between the lower and described base portion, and is in institute after rotating second angle relative to the base portion in the horizontal plane
It states under loaded state；Or
The carrier is provided under the light condition forms third angle between the base portion, and in vertical plane
After the interior rotation fourth angle relative to the base portion under the loaded state.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the base portion changes level platform described in vertical be installed in
On, and the first angle, the second angle, the third angle and/or the fourth angle are 90 degree.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the vehicle bearing assembly includes being arranged in described change
The bogey of at least two of the side of level platform, wherein the carrier of each bogey is opposite in the horizontal plane
It is formed after the base portion move in place self-locking.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the vehicle bearing assembly further include be arranged in it is described
At least two bogeys of the other side of level platform are changed, wherein the carrier of each bogey is in vertical plane
It is formed after move in place relative to the base portion self-locking.
In fast quick change electric system according to the present invention, optionally, the fast quick change electric system further includes another battery
Fortune component is deposited, fortune component is deposited with the battery and is arranged in the two sides for changing level platform.
In addition, according to the second aspect of the invention, additionally providing a kind of fast quick change method for electrically comprising step:
Fast quick change electric system as described in any of the above item is provided；
Make vehicle parks changing on level platform in the fast quick change electric system, and be lifted to preset height, then to vehicle
Carry out battery disassembly and assembly operation；
Battery is transmitted in battery compartment and described change between level platform using the battery connecting device in the fast quick change electric system；With
To be completed battery disassembly and assembly operation vehicle be down to it is described change on level platform, then sailed out of and described change level platform.
In fast quick change method for electrically according to the present invention, optionally, unloaded from park on the vehicle for changing level platform
While lower battery, rechargeable battery is shifted into the battery position in storehouse of the battery connecting device from the battery compartment of the battery compartment
In or make the battery connecting device in place with wait by the battery unloaded from it is described change level platform and move into the battery connect
It refutes in the battery position in storehouse of device, then changes level platform transmission rechargeable battery from the battery connecting device to described again.
In fast quick change method for electrically according to the present invention, optionally, to park in the vehicle loading for changing level platform
While rechargeable battery, using the battery connecting device by the battery unloaded from the battery compartment of the battery connecting device
It is shifted into the battery position in storehouse of the battery compartment.
From combined with attached drawing it is described in detail below in, it will each technical solution according to the present invention is expressly understood
Principle, feature, feature and advantage etc..For example, compared with prior art, using the technical side of offer designed by the present invention
Case, can have integral layout rationally it is compact, change electric speed is fast and success rate is high, space thermal accumlation is small, working environment is good etc.
Many merits can also be realized when carrying out changing electrically operated to vehicle without Levelling operation, be set accordingly so as to save down
Standby cost input, and can further shorten and entirely change the electric time, promote user changes electric experience.
Firstly, it is necessary to explanation, fast quick change electric system of the invention and fast is illustrated by way of example below
Structure, composition, step, features and advantages of quick change method for electrically etc., however what all descriptions were intended merely to be illustrated, without
They should be interpreted as forming the present invention any limitation.
Herein, technical term " battery " includes but is not limited to for providing battery, battery pack, the electricity of power for vehicle
Chi Bao etc., technical term " car load " refer to vehicle weight itself and the article that may be loaded in the vehicle at this time and/
Or the weight of driver and passenger, technical term " connection " mean for a component to be directly connected to and/or are indirectly connected to another
Component, technical term "upper", "lower", " right side ", " left side ", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal" and its derivative etc. should contact attached
Orientation in figure, unless explicitly stated otherwise other than, the present invention can take a variety of alternative orientations.
In addition, for any single technical characteristic for being described by or implying in the embodiment mentioned by this paper, or
Shown or implicit any single technical characteristic in the drawings, the present invention still allow for these technical characteristics (or its etc.
Jljl) between continue any combination or delete, so that it will be understood that these more embodiments according to the present invention are also
Within the record scope of this paper.In addition, same or like components and feature are same attached for the sake of simplifying drawing
It may be only at one or several places are indicated in figure.
A fast quick change electric system embodiment according to the present invention is illustrated schematically with top view in Fig. 1
Basic layout and structure composition situation, the decomposition texture for giving the fast quick change electric system embodiment into one in Fig. 2 show
It is intended to, it below will be by above example come the present invention is described in detail.
In the embodiment that this is provided, which includes changing level platform 1 and a battery deposits fortune component, should
It may include battery connecting device 2 and battery compartment 3 that battery, which deposits fortune component, can will change level platform 1, battery connecting device 2 and electricity
Pond storehouse 3 is arranged side by side as illustrated in fig. 1, to advantageously form compact layout.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, changing level platform 1 is for carrying out the electrically operated main platform of replacing vehicle, it can be set
Lifting mechanism, mechanism for assembling-disassembling 14 and transport mechanism 15.For lifting mechanism, it is changed on level platform 1 for providing to be parked in
Vehicle carry out height lifting function, so as to make in then on vehicle battery carry out replacement operation.In alternative circumstances,
Such as shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, above-mentioned lifting mechanism can be arranged to front-wheel lifting device 12 and rear-wheel lifting device
13, and they are arranged in the front and rear for changing level platform 1, for front and back wheel 60, the front and back wheel 61 with vehicle 6
Corresponding contact is carried out to lift the height of vehicle.Further, it is also possible to by front-wheel lifting device 12 and rear-wheel lifting device 13 come
Realize vehicle in the positioning operation changed on level platform 1.
Vehicle must be given rise to certain height by being different from existing electrical changing station, after allowing RGV to drive to and lifted
Vehicle bottom space carry out the mode of battery altering, it is above-mentioned change in level platform 1 can only need by lifting mechanism come
As soon as to vehicle can change electrically operated so that vehicle derailing changes the working face of level platform 1 and reaches a preset height.That is, should
Preset height may be such that the wheel of vehicle is detached from the working face for changing level platform 1 and can implement the minimum height of battery disassembly and assembly operation
Degree, such as the distance of air suspension can be carried out with vehicle, it can guarantee to make by vehicle body from Beijing South Maxpower Technology Co. Ltd when replacing Vehicular battery
Vehicle will not generate movement changing level platform 1.That is, when vehicle 6 is after changing the ramp 11 of level platform 1 and driving into place,
Only the vehicle 6 need to can slightly be lifted so that wheel 60,61 is detached from the working face for changing level platform 1, so that it may carry out subsequent
Change it is electrically operated.
Therefore, which is significantly less than vehicle lift height required for existing electrical changing station, in this way will be significant
The lifting for shortening vehicle forms the time and entirely changes electrically operated time-consuming, and advantageously reduces the power consumption during changing electricity,
Promote user changes electric experience.Under practical application, the present invention allow according to specific requirements and vehicle itself situation come
Flexible choice sets above-mentioned preset height.
After vehicle is given rise to above-mentioned preset height, can by be arranged in the mechanism for assembling-disassembling changed in level platform 1 14 come
Disassembling operations are carried out to Vehicular battery, to complete battery altering work.When will be from the battery on vehicle by mechanism for assembling-disassembling 14
After (such as power shortage battery, fail battery) unloads, battery can be transferred to by the transport mechanism 15 changed in level platform 1
The battery then can be transmitted to battery compartment 3 and the operation such as store, charges by connecting device 2, the latter.In addition, transport mechanism 15
The rechargeable battery sent from battery connecting device 2 can also be received, such rechargeable battery, which for example can be, to be derived from
Full electric battery in battery compartment 3, then by this, rechargeable battery has been transmitted at vehicle 6 (such as lower section of vehicle), so as to subsequent
By mechanism for assembling-disassembling 14, by this, rechargeable battery has been installed on vehicle 6.
In practical applications, above-mentioned mechanism for assembling-disassembling 14 and transport mechanism 15 can be integrated together and is arranged in a frame
In structure, and such frame structure can be for example mounted on to the middle part for changing level platform 1, so as to be typically installed at vehicle
The battery location of bottom is corresponding electrically operated to be convenient for changing.
After unloading battery from vehicle, on the translatory movement of the battery, originally changes electric system embodiment and use
It is totally different from the existing mode for changing electric system, this can find significant difference therein by comparison diagram 5 and Fig. 6.
It is as shown in Figure 5 it is existing change in electric system, for from the Vehicular battery unloaded on level platform is changed, by needing such as
It is placed on RGV after rotating 90 degree shown in rotation arrows in the figure, battery compartment is then conveyed to by RGV again, it is clear that
The above this rotation process will take additional time.
For originally changing electric system embodiment, after battery is unloaded from vehicle, it may not be necessary to be done to the battery
Any direction adjustment out, and directly transmit it outward along direction D1 as shown by arrows in figure via transport mechanism 15,
It is transmitted in battery connecting device 3 explained in greater detail below, however can finally be sent to battery compartment 3 by the latter and deposit
The operations such as storage, charging.With Fig. 5 shown in compared with the prior art, due to originally change electric system do not need to implement at all it is additional
Battery rotary adjustment movement, therefore remove this link and can effectively improve and change electrically operated speed, increase change it is electrically operated at
In alternative circumstances, it will can be used to exchange the electrically operated control unit 16 controlled and be integrated into and change in level platform 1,
This is beneficial to advanced optimize same space layout, forms more compact overall structure, and operation is facilitated to apply.
In this embodiment provided, this can be arranged in for control unit 16 by, which exemplarily showing, changes level platform 1
Rear portion, this is because being provided with a ramp 11 in the implementation this is driven into or be driven out to for vehicle changes level platform 1, i.e. vehicle
The Background Region for changing level platform 1 will not be driven into, therefore the region can be made full use of to be used to arrange above-mentioned control unit 16.When
So, it in some embodiments, it is also possible to which control unit 16 to be arranged in the side for for example changing level platform 1, or combines and is arranged in
Change any suitable band of position such as rear portion, side of level platform 1.
It should be pointed out that be in the prior art usually by control cabinet and to change the independent arrangement of both level platforms progress, this
Kind layout type is in the field of business customary already, and is used and become always the standard configuration mould of industry by those skilled in the art
Formula.It in comparison, is with existing control cabinet will there is the control unit 16 of same or like function to collect in the present embodiment
It is changed in level platform at being arranged in, this not only breaches conventional in layout design, but also enables to whole equipment topology layout more
It is compact, beautiful, and promote equipment installation and change electrically operated etc. all quite convenient quick, safe and reliable.
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 are please referred to, is schematically shown by the two attached drawings in above-mentioned fast quick change electric system embodiment
In the exemplary basic structure of battery connecting device form situation.
In this illustration, which, which is disposed in, changes between level platform 1 and battery compartment 3 for transmitting electricity
Pond can will change level platform 1 and battery compartment 3 is arranged in the left and right sides of battery connecting device 2 shown in Fig. 1, this will have
Conducive to very compact integral layout is formed, space utilization rate is effectively improved.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, which may include lifting unit 22, translation unit 23 and battery transfer
Unit 24.Wherein, elevating mechanism 221 is provided in lifting unit 22, which can lift using such as scissor-type
Mechanism or any other suitable mechanism are risen, it, should for carrying out elevating movement on the first direction D1 as marked in Fig. 7
First direction D1 is perpendicular with the working face that changes level platform 1, and is generally exactly the perpendicular of fast quick change electric system scene
In alternative circumstances, lifting unit 22 can be used frame structure and be made, this can not only guarantee it with good
Overall structural strength, and material can be effectively saved, and can be by using such as various suitable processing works such as welding
Skill is efficiently produced.Alternately, elevating mechanism 221 easily can be directly attached to lifting unit 22
Frame structure on.
For translation unit 23, it is attached with lifting unit 22, so as to which lifting unit 22 is made to exist
Translational motion is carried out on the second direction D2 as marked in Fig. 7, second direction D2 is hung down with above-mentioned first direction D1 phase
It is straight, and can generally make its optionally with change level platform 1 longitudinal direction between keeping parallelism.
As exemplary illustration, in alternative circumstances, translation unit 23 can be fixed on work on the spot face (such as
Face, the base surface in moving charging power station etc.), and guiding parts 231 is set in translation unit 23, such as can be as illustrated in fig. 8
In the bottom of translation unit 23 setting linear guide etc., then it is used to and guiding parts by may be provided on lifting unit 22
231 components (such as the mountable sliding block in linear guides, guide rail wheel etc.) accordingly cooperated, to realize lifting
Unit 22 carries out translational motion in translation unit 23, may make lifting unit 22 and battery transfer list by the translational motion
Member 24 reaches and changes level platform 1 or the associated suitable location of battery compartment 3, transmits work to complete battery.
In alternative circumstances, power part 222(such as motor etc. can be set in lifting unit 22), in order to provide dynamic
Power is used to control so that the component on lifting unit 22 carries out translation fortune along the guiding parts 231 in translation unit 23
It is dynamic.In addition, in alternative circumstances, lifting unit 22 and translation unit 23 can be arranged to run simultaneously, this will very
Being conducive to, which can according to need, comes simultaneously or is performed simultaneously above-mentioned translational motion and elevating movement substantially, it is possible thereby to obviously
Save these corresponding operation processing time.
For battery relay unit 24, it is connected with the elevating mechanism 221 in lifting unit 22, in order to by
Elevating movement is carried out in the elevating mechanism 221, thus reach and changes level platform 1 or the associated suitable location of battery compartment 3
To carry out battery transmission.Specifically, such as shown in Fig. 7, battery relay unit 24 can be installed in the frame of lifting unit 22
It in frame structure, and is attached with the elevating mechanism 221 being equally arranged in the frame structure, so that the battery transfer
Unit 24 is similar to combination and is integrated into the frame structure of lifting unit 22, this will effectively room for promotion utilization rate, significantly
Reduce the whole occupied space of equipment.
In addition, battery relay unit 24 can be configured with one or more battery according to practical application request situation
Position in storehouse, thus can will be from being parked in the battery (such as power shortage battery, fail battery etc.) unloaded on the vehicle for changing level platform 1
It is stored in battery position in storehouse, is deposited then to transmit and be stored in battery compartment 3 by the battery by battery connecting device 2
The operations such as storage, charging；Alternatively, the rechargeable battery removed from battery compartment 3 can be stored in the electricity of battery relay unit 24
In the position in storehouse of pond, then by battery connecting device 2, by this, rechargeable battery has been transmitted to and changes level platform 1 again, to be loaded into
It is parked in and changes on level platform 1 on the vehicle of electricity to be changed.
In alternative circumstances, battery connecting device 2 can be arranged to when it is in initial position, so that its battery
One battery position in storehouse of relay unit 24 is and from being located at the outside transmission position phase for changing unloaded battery on the vehicle of level platform 1
It is corresponding, such as the height of battery position in storehouse at this time may make to prepare to be outwardly directed to battery from changing level platform 1 with the battery unloaded
Height when connecting device 2 transmits is identical or essentially identical, can effectively save the corresponding operation processing time in this way, facilitate
It further increases entirety and changes electrical efficiency and success rate.In given battery connecting device example, as shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10,
Battery relay unit 24 is exemplarily shown as having two layers of battery compartment bit architecture, i.e. upper layer battery position in storehouse 241 and lower layer's electricity
Pond position in storehouse 242, such as the battery 6 being currently stored in lower layer's battery position in storehouse 242 is also shown in Figure 10.In concrete application
When, it can be used one in upper layer battery position in storehouse 241 and lower layer's battery position in storehouse 242 and be used to store and change level platform 1 from being parked in
Vehicle on the battery (it will be sent to battery compartment 3 and the operation such as be stored, charged) that unloads, another is used to store from electricity
The rechargeable battery (it, which will be sent to, changes level platform 1 and be loaded on vehicle) that pond storehouse 3 removes, such as upper layer electricity can be used
Pond position in storehouse 241 is used to store rechargeable battery, is used to store power shortage battery using lower layer's battery position in storehouse 242.
It should be understood that battery relay unit 24 can be configured to have in the case where not departing from present subject matter
There is three layers, four layers or more of battery position in storehouse, these battery positions in storehouse D1 will be laid out along a first direction, so as to deposit
The rechargeable battery putting the greater number of battery unloaded from vehicle, removing from battery compartment 3, this will be helpful to effectively be promoted and change
Electrically operated working efficiency.Certainly, the present invention also allows for the battery position in storehouse of battery relay unit 24 to be arranged in parallel, or
A portion is laid out while being arranged in parallel, so as to preferably meet various possible practical applications
For it is existing change electric system for, they are when carrying out changing electrically operated, the power shortage that will usually unload from vehicle
After battery is transported to the specified position in storehouse of battery compartment by AGV, then from other positions in storehouse of battery compartment take out one piece rechargeable battery be used for
When replacing on vehicle, the transport distance that RGV will advance relatively long back and forth in the above process, therefore consuming more
Between.Multiple battery positions in storehouse therein can be used to store by applying battery connecting device 2 as described above with this comparison
Multiple battery (such as rechargeable battery, power shortage battery, fail battery), thus, it is possible to substantially reduce changing level platform and battery compartment
Between round-trip number, change electrical efficiency so as to greatly improve, reduction is when changing power consumption.
In addition, in alternative circumstances, can turn to be arranged in one or more battery positions in storehouse in unit 24 in the battery to
Few transfer member 240(such as conveyer belt, idler wheel etc.), such as shown in Fig. 5, the battery of unit 24 can be turned in the battery
A transfer member 240 is respectively arranged in the front and rear of position in storehouse.By means of such transfer member 240, can by battery along
The battery position in storehouse is moved in and out in the third direction D3 as marked in Fig. 7, since third direction D3 is and battery compartment 3
In battery access direction and transport mechanism 15 battery transmission arranged direction keeping parallelism, therefore, as previously mentioned, when
When transmitting battery between battery compartment 3 and the battery position in storehouse of battery relay unit 24, completely without this to these battery transport sides
To being adjusted, thus, it is possible to substantially reduce the time-consuming in battery transmission link, is further promoted and change electrically operated efficiency.
In alternative circumstances, vehicle bearing assembly can be set in fast quick change electric system embodiment discussed above,
The Levelling operation any without progress for the vehicle during replacing vehicle electricity.Below with reference to Figure 11 to Figure 14, at this
Exemplarily provided in a little attached drawings the basic structure composition of two kinds of bogeys in a vehicle bearing assembly example with
And their own two kinds of working conditions (that is, not needing the loaded state that the light condition carried and needs carry), it can pass through
Both bogeys form the vehicle bearing assembly, and can install them into change on level platform and hold for realizing vehicle
Carry the above-mentioned function of component.
Specifically, in this example shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12, which includes base portion 171, carrier
172 and power part (not shown), the feelings that the bogey 17 is under light condition are schematically illustrated in Figure 11
Shape, and schematically illustrate in Figure 12 the situation that the bogey 17 is under loaded state.
For base portion 171, it is mounted to changing on level platform 1 of being shown in such as Figure 13 and Figure 14, is used to
Supporting role is provided to entire bogey 17.For example, base portion 171 can be vertically mounted to change on level platform 1.Can selection
Under shape, base portion 171 can be configured to column (such as circular abutment, square column), or any other can be configured to
Suitable shape, to better adapt to a variety of different application demands.
Carrier 172 is to be connected with above-mentioned base portion 171, such as can be connected to the two using modes such as hinged, welding
Together.The carrier 172 is to be arranged for being contacted with vehicle during changing electricity to carry its weight, can be according to specific
Application scenarios are configured to rod-shaped or any other suitable shape.
In the bogey 17, power part is provided to provide power, to make above-mentioned carrier 172
It can be moved relative to base portion 171, and be formed afterwards moving (reaching desired position) in place in the horizontal plane
It is self-locking.By the above-mentioned movement of progress, state switching of the bogey 17 between light condition and loaded state may be implemented, and
And due to having above-mentioned self-locking function, it can be avoided and occur carrier 172 in vehicle and shake etc. no
It is expected that the problem of.
As an example, above-mentioned power part can use motor, and base portion 171 can be configured with inside
Cavity, to place the motor wherein, so that the bogey can have very compact structure.In addition, by
Vehicle load is not needed during bogey 17 switches between light condition and loaded state, therefore can be adopted
It is driven with the motor with smaller power, this is also beneficial to the occupied space for reducing motor.Certainly, in some applications
Under occasion, above-mentioned power part can also be using other components, unit or device etc., thus it is for example possible to booster engine be arranged
Structure, deceleration mechanism etc..
As shown in figure 11, in the case where the bogey 17 is in light condition, can make carrier 172 and base portion 171 it
Between shape at an angle (such as 90 degree or other Appropriates), they are all not subject to load at this time.When by power parts such as such as motors
After part etc. provides power effect, carrier 172 can be rotated into an angle (such as 90 relative to base portion 171 in the horizontal plane
Degree or other Appropriates) after reach it at desired position, bogey 17 is held in as shown in figure 12 in the position
Under load state, i.e., the bogey 17 can be used to be used to vehicle load at this time.
Next, being illustrated by the two attached drawings can be used for the another of vehicle bearing assembly referring again to Figure 13 and Figure 14
A kind of bogey, below just this is specifically described.
In this illustration, which includes base portion 171, carrier 172 and power part (not shown), is being schemed
The situation that the bogey 17 is under light condition is schematically illustrated in 13, and is schematically shown in Figure 14
The situation that the bogey 17 is under loaded state is gone out.Unless other than illustrating herein, in Figure 11 and figure
Bogey shown in 12 structure, composition, mounting arrangements, in terms of corresponding description be equally applicable in Figure 13 and
Bogey shown in Figure 14.
With aforementioned bogey the difference is that for bogey 17 as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, at which in sky
Under load state, between carrier 172 and base portion 171 can shape at an angle (such as 90 degree or other Appropriates)；When by for example
After power parts such as motor etc. provide power effect, it can make carrier 172 in vertical plane relative to the rotation of base portion 171 one
Reach it at desired position, i.e., so that the bogey 17 is now in
Under loaded state as shown in figure 14, so as to use the bogey 17 to be used to vehicle load.
Two kinds of bogeys are described only with exemplary way of example above, any carrying therein can be used
Device forms vehicle bearing assembly in fast quick change electric system of the invention using both bogeys simultaneously.
Specifically, in practical applications, vehicle bearing assembly may include two or more such bogeys, can
With by their mounting arrangements in any suitable location changed on level platform, and can be in first assembly, so that these are carried
Levelness difference between device is under the loaded state when is controlled in preset range that (specific difference precision is wanted
What Seeking Truth can be set according to practical situations), vehicle ought be placed in for the vehicle of electricity to be changed in this way by ensuring that
When on these bogeys of bearing assembly, it is fully able to reach and carries out changing electrically operated required levelness using mechanism for assembling-disassembling
Standard, without as the prior art change it is electrically operated before must carry out multiple Levelling operation.In this way, not
The equipment costs such as lower configuration motor-lead screw transmission mechanism, control program can be only saved, and due to cancelling Levelling operation process
And can substantially reduce and change the electric time, integrated operation is simplified, working service cost is reduced, and can be improved and change electrical efficiency
And success rate.
It is understood that compared with prior art, using above-mentioned vehicle bearing assembly have it is as discussed above this
A little obviously technical advantages.The above-mentioned only once machinery for being present in these bogeys of levelness difference/error adds
Work precision and first assembly, can be guaranteed by strict control processing technology and assembly method these bogeys for
The consistency of the carrying contact surface levelness of vehicle.Certainly, in use, it is possible to certain in vehicle bearing assembly
Bogey such as repairs, replaces at the operation, at this time can also for levelness difference/error between these bogeys into
Row adjustment and control, so as to continue to meet required levelness standard, thus still without carrying out the prior art
The universal and Levelling operation that must use.
In addition, it is necessary to explanation, since present invention employs the Curve guide impellers of such as the above novelty, no
It needs to be arranged and changes electric walking mechanism such as RGV in prior art etc, such as movable motor, gear can be removed in this way
The a series of components such as rack gear, bearing, wheel, track and saved manufacture, I& M cost.Further, since RGV is logical
Normal height with higher, therefore the disengaging in order to guarantee battery, need that vehicle is given rise to certain altitude on changing level platform
Operating space can be just provided afterwards, this, which also results in driver and passenger and must come out vehicle, just allows to act, and changes existing
In electric system, need to carry out Levelling operation in advance to guarantee accuracy when battery disassembly and assembly operation, if driver and passenger are changing electricity
Always situated in vehicle when operation, then the activity of theirs in the car may will be operated to battery disassembly and assembly bring it is unfavorable even
It seriously affects.With this comparison, using technical solution of the present invention, change it is electrically operated before may not necessarily carry out Levelling operation to vehicle,
So that driver and passenger are not necessarily to leave vehicle when changing electrically operated, this, which can not only greatly optimize, changes electrically operated time-consuming, and
User can be significantly improved changes electric usage experience.
Further, it is to be noted that in the case where not departing from present subject matter, for the carrying in vehicle bearing assembly
For device, specific structure composition, structural form, material, setting quantity etc. are all allowed to design according to the present invention and think
Flexible design, change and adjustment are carried out presumably, so as to sufficiently meet various possible practical application requests.
It as an example, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, can be by two or more such as the type shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12
Bogey 17 be mounted on the side (as close to the side of battery connecting device 2) for changing level platform 1, under the light condition
When, these bogeys 17 can as shown in Figure 1 direction be arranged and be not subject to load, it can so that bogey 17
Carrier 172 and vehicle body direction/change level platform 1 longitudinal direction keeping parallelism.When needing to be under loaded state,
Power can be provided for example, by power parts such as motor etc. and make carrier 172 in bogey 17 phase in the horizontal plane
After rotating an angle (such as 90 degree or other Appropriates) for base portion 171, reach desired by position and formed it is self-locking, so as to
Then it is used to carry the load of the vehicle 6 of electricity to be changed.
Again for example, as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, by two or more such as the type shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12
It, can be by two or more while bogey 17 is mounted on side (left side i.e. in Figure 15 and Figure 16) for changing level platform 1
The other side (the right side in such as Figure 15 and Figure 16 of level platform 1 is changed as the bogey 17 of the type shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14 is mounted on
Side), when under light condition, these bogeys 17 can be arranged as shown in figure 15 and be not subject to load in direction.
When needing to be under loaded state, power can be provided for example, by power parts such as motor etc. and make bogey
After carrier 172 in 17 rotates an angle (such as 90 degree or other Appropriates) relative to base portion 171 in vertical plane, reach
Desired locations as shown in Figure 16 and formed it is self-locking, so as to then be used to carry electricity to be changed vehicle 6 load.
It as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, in alternative circumstances, can be by the bogey such as the type shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14
17 are arranged near lifting device of front wheel 12 and rear wheel lifter 13, so can not only make integral structure layout more
To be compact, and be conducive to that the suitable location that active force is preferably distributed and is applied on such as vehicle chassis will be carried.
In addition, in alternative circumstances, the battery of fast quick change electric system of the invention can be deposited to the charging unit in fortune component
It carries out external, then it is connected with the charge connector in battery compartment 3 by cable, for being stored in battery compartment 3
Battery charges.This is because such charging unit general work power is larger, calorific value is also larger, so using the above cloth
The mode of setting can efficiently reduce the heat in fast quick change electric system installation space and generate and accumulate, to be conducive to provide more
Ideal person works' environment and equipment operating environment.
Certainly, it for for example for the control cabinet 5 controlled battery compartment 3, since its calorific value is smaller, can incite somebody to action
It is arranged in fast quick change electric system without external.
In addition, in order to effectively control the heat for generating and accumulating at battery compartment 3, it can also be at the bottom of such as battery compartment 3
Cooling device 4 is arranged in the spare spaces such as portion, not only can be used to carry out the battery being stored in battery compartment 3 cooling treatment, and
And also it is conducive to further make full use of system space.It, can be individually or in conjunction with using example for above-mentioned cooling device
Such as respective water cooling equipment, air cooler.
Additionally, it should be noted that fortune component can be deposited to the battery of fast quick change electric system according to specific requirements situation
In battery compartment carry out various possible extensions or distributing adjustment so that present system can be well adapted for various applications
As an example, battery compartment 3 can be arranged to include one or more identical battery compartment units, and can
These battery compartment units are arranged side by side, such as are illustratively shown in Figure 17, it can be by two battery compartment units
It is arranged side by side in and comes together to provide bigger battery storage capacity.For each battery compartment unit, it can be configured to
With N layers, and every layer has M battery position in storehouse, and above-mentioned two parameter N can be identical or mutually not identical just whole with M
Number.Certainly, the present invention also allows battery compartment 3 to include two or more different battery compartment units, i.e., they can have not
Identical structure design, and respective battery storage capacity is can flexibly to be selected according to various practical application requests
It selects, change and adjusts.
It may also be noted that according to the technique and scheme of the present invention, it is also contemplated that increase again in some Application Examples
Add and set a battery and deposit fortune component, the battery deposit fortune component can be deposited with battery as described above fortune component have it is complete
Identical, essentially identical or similar composed structure.In the case that space allows at the scene, the two batteries can be deposited to fortune
Component is arranged in the two sides for changing level platform 1, in this way, the battery storage that can not only exponentially increase fast quick change electric system is held
Amount and charging process ability, and can be further improved battery access, transfer and replacement operation efficiency, shorten entirety and changes power consumption
When, so that present system has stronger adaptability, flexibility and scalability.In addition, as the prior art is substantially better than
On one side, the present invention also provides fast quick change method for electrically.As an example, as shown in figure 18, which can
With comprising steps of
In step s 11, the fast quick change electric system of offer designed according to this invention is provided；
In step s 12, vehicle is driven into and is parked in changing on level platform in the fast quick change electric system, it then can be by changing electricity
The vehicle is given rise to preset height by the elevating mechanism of platform, then to carry out battery disassembly and assembly operation to vehicle；
In step s 13, the battery connecting device that can be used in the fast quick change electric system (changes level platform side for example, being located at
Battery deposit fortune component in battery connecting device and/or positioned at the battery for changing the level platform other side deposit fortune component in battery connect
Refute device) in battery compartment and changes between level platform and transmit battery.About above-mentioned battery transmission, transfer and accessing operation, due to
Described previously for very detailed description has been carried out in the illustrating of fast quick change electric system, therefore can be directly refering to preceding
Illustrating for corresponding portion is stated, be not repeated to introduce herein and is discussed；And
In step S14, after completing battery disassembly and assembly operation to vehicle, so that it may which the elevating mechanism by changing level platform will
The vehicle is down to this and is changed on level platform, then sails out of the vehicle and changes level platform, so that it is electrically operated to terminate this replacing vehicle.
Certainly, it should be pointed out that respective some operations may not necessarily exist first in above step S12 and step S13
Before or after executing some operations in sequence, such as step S13 afterwards some operations in step s 12 can occurring, or
It is possible that they are synchronized execution or basic synchronization execution.
For example, from park in unloading the same of battery (commonly known as " power shortage battery ") on the vehicle for changing level platform
When, it can synchronize and execute some battery access transfer operations, change the electric time so as to be obviously shortened entirety, greatly improve electricity
Pond accessing operation efficiency.For example, rechargeable battery can be shifted into battery connecting device from the battery compartment of battery compartment at this time
In battery position in storehouse (such as upper layer battery position in storehouse in battery relay unit).For another example, can battery be plugged at this time
Device will be moved into its battery position in storehouse in place with waiting from the battery under unloading for vehicle from level platform is changed, and then be plugged into dress from battery again
It sets to changing level platform transmission rechargeable battery.It, at this time can be with also for example, being incorporated in previously discussed fast quick change electric system example
The lifting unit of battery connecting device and battery relay unit are moved to the battery of the desirable rechargeable battery of battery compartment together
At position in storehouse, and at the same time being gone up and down battery relay unit in the vertical direction to the battery compartment of the desirable rechargeable battery of battery compartment
At position, it is transmitted to again by battery connecting device after rechargeable battery to obtain this and changes level platform.
Again for example, while changing the vehicle loading rechargeable battery of level platform, execution can synchronized to park
Some battery access transfer operations, will also significantly improve battery accessing operation efficiency in this way, significant to shorten whole change the electric time.Example
Such as, can be used at this time battery connecting device by the battery unloaded from vehicle from change level platform towards battery compartment transmit, so as to
It finally moves it into the battery position in storehouse of battery compartment.More specifically, it is incorporated in previously discussed fast quick change electric system example,
The lifting unit of battery connecting device and battery relay unit can be moved to together to a vacant battery position in storehouse of battery compartment
Place, and at the same time battery relay unit is gone up and down in the vertical direction to the battery position in storehouse, in order to the battery that will have been unloaded
It moves into the battery position in storehouse.
By using the above, perhaps similar mode of operation can be synchronized therewith or basic synchronization executes two
Or more operations are (such as the translation of battery connecting device and/or descending operation, park in the vehicle changed on level platform
Battery disassembly and assembly operation, two or more batteries are deposited in fortune component in synchronization positioned at two batteries for changing level platform two sides
Various possible operations etc.), thus, it is possible to effectively be superimposed to change the electrically operated time-consuming in some intermediate links, it is obviously improved battery
The whole efficiency of the operations such as transfer access.
Fast quick change electric system according to the present invention and fast quick change method for electrically is only elaborated by way of example above, these
A example is only for illustrating that the principle of the present invention and embodiments thereof are used, rather than limitation of the present invention, of the invention not departing from
In the case where spirit and scope, those skilled in the art can also make various changes and improvements.Therefore, all equivalent technologies
Scheme should belong to scope of the invention and be limited by every claim of the invention.