CN110000966A - A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device - Google Patents

A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110000966A
CN110000966A CN201910296172.0A CN201910296172A CN110000966A CN 110000966 A CN110000966 A CN 110000966A CN 201910296172 A CN201910296172 A CN 201910296172A CN 110000966 A CN110000966 A CN 110000966A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
grinding
mixing
crushing
roll
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910296172.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史智
刘彪
喻慧文
徐百平
杜遥雪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuyi University
Original Assignee
Wuyi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuyi University filed Critical Wuyi University
Priority to CN201910296172.0A priority Critical patent/CN110000966A/en
Publication of CN110000966A publication Critical patent/CN110000966A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0416Cooling the plastics before disintegration, e.g. freezing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0484Grinding tools, roller mills or disc mills
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pulseds to be classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, including hydraulic tank a, hydraulic tank b, mixing chamber, crushing chamber, grinding chamber, hydraulic tank a is connected to by pipeline with mixing chamber, mixing chamber is connected to by screw conveyor with crushing chamber, it is provided with crushing roller in the crushing chamber, sieve is provided in crushing chamber, the crushing chamber is connected to grinding chamber, mutually ratcheting grinding fixed roll and mixing roll are provided in grinding chamber, the mixing roll is connect by cam with grinding motor;Vortex tube is additionally provided in mixing roll, grinding chamber also passes through pipeline and is connected to hydraulic tank b;The configuration of the present invention is simple, it is easy to operate, it is time saving and energy saving;By liquid nitrogen and the cooling rubber of rubber mix, so that rubber more easily be convenient for crushing and grind by embrittlement;By being provided with vortex tube in mixing roll, the heat of cutter itself can be taken away by vortex tube, extend the service life of cutter;And cam property is utilized, realizes that pulsed is back and forth ground, grinds finer.

Description

A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device
Technical field
The present invention relates to rubber processing techniques field, especially a kind of pulsed is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device.
Background technique
With the rapid development of industry, rubber has become indispensable important materials in people's life, while also bringing A series of pollution problem, and handle waste old at present and mainly handled by traditional burning mode, this causes environment Very big pollution, in order to utilize waste old again, generally use cracking catalyst mode decompose it is reusable in waste old Oil product or carbon black, but still a large amount of exhaust gas can be generated and polluted the environment, and during smashing and grinding, molecule it Between generate internal stress so that tool temperature increase, cause rubber thawing be adhered on cutter, thus affect cutter use the longevity The effect of life and grinding.Rubbery chip or particle can block sieve simultaneously.Furthermore the prior art, which is not able to achieve, repeatedly crushes and grinds Mill, causes grinding effect bad.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device, the device energy It enough solves the problems, such as to generate high temperature in cutter at high speeds operating, while can prevent particle from blocking sieve, it is reciprocal that pulsed may be implemented Grinding obtains required mesh number, and structure is simple, and design rationally, is significantly reduced power consumption, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving.
The technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of pulsed is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, including hydraulic tank a, hydraulic tank B, mixing chamber, crushing chamber, grinding chamber, the hydraulic tank a are connected to by pipeline with mixing chamber, the mixing chamber upper end setting Have rubber feed inlet, the lower end of the mixing chamber is provided with rubber discharge port, by hydraulic tank a by liquid nitrogen input mixing chamber in Rubber mix, so that rubber is cooling to become easier to embrittlement convenient for crushing and grinding;
The rubber discharge port is connected to by screw conveyor with crushing chamber, is provided with pulverization roller in the crushing chamber Tin, sieve is additionally provided in the crushing chamber of the lower end for crushing roller, the crushing chamber is by its lower end discharge port and grinds Mill chamber is connected to, and mutually ratcheting grinding fixed roll and mixing roll are provided in the grinding chamber, and the mixing roll passes through cam It is connect with grinding motor, realizes that the pulsed of mixing roll is ground by cam, the grinding chamber also passes through pipeline and hydraulic tank b Connection;And vortex tube is additionally provided in the mixing roll, the upper end of the vortex tube is cold-air vent, and lower part is that heat is empty Gas outlet, the vortex tube are also connected to the multiple air pipelines being arranged in mixing roll.
Further, one end of the mixing roll is connect with extension sleeve, and the extension sleeve is connect with bevel gear, Cam is equipped with below the bevel gear, the cam is connect with grinding motor, and the pulsed of mixing roll is realized by cam Classified grinding guarantees the quality of grinding.
Further, it is additionally provided with spring on the right side of the cam, the spring is installed between cam and mixing roll.
Further, the crushing chamber also passes through pipeline and connect with air blower, and the air blower is arranged by bracket On pedestal.
Further, push plate is additionally provided on the sieve, the push plate is for large-sized rubber to be pushed into crush The water conservancy diversion inclined-plane of intracavitary side, the water conservancy diversion inclined-plane are connected to air blower, and large-sized rubber is blown to roller by air blower Between crushed again.
Further, it is provided with control switch a on the pipeline between the hydraulic tank a and mixing chamber, described is hydraulic Switch b and the time relay are provided on pipeline between tank b and grinding chamber.
Further, air compressor, air compressor work are provided with by the hot air outlet of the vortex tube lower part The cold air stream of generation through air pipeline to cold-air vent at, take away cutter generation heat, with reach protection mixing roll with The purpose of more preferable grinding effect.
Further, the lower end of the grinding chamber is provided with grinding discharging opening, grinds the rubber of completion by being ground Material mouth excludes.
Further, the shape of the grinding fixed roll and mixing roll is taper, and the mixing roll setting is fixed in grinding In roller and ratcheting with grinding fixed roll, there is a notch in the grinding fixed roll upper end, and the notch is as grinding feed inlet.
The invention has the benefit that
1, the configuration of the present invention is simple, design is rationally, practical, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving;
2, mixing chamber of the invention with hydraulic tank by being connected to, by liquid nitrogen and the cooling rubber of rubber mix, so that rubber More easily embrittlement is convenient for crushing and grinding;
3, by being provided with vortex tube in mixing roll, the heat of cutter itself can be taken away by vortex tube, extend knife The service life of tool;
4, the present invention is by using taper mixing roll, using cam property, realizes that pulsed is back and forth ground, grinds more smart Carefully;
5, it is more to realize that incongruent large scale rubber carries out by the two cooperation by setting sieve and air blower by the present invention Secondary crushing further improves the quality of crushing;
6, by the way that push plate is arranged on sieve, not only solve the problems, such as that powder blocks sieve, while passing through will be large-sized Rubber is pushed into flow-guiding mouth, facilitates air blower that large-sized rubber is blown to crushing roller and is crushed again.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of grinding chamber of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of mixing roll of the present invention;
In figure, 1- hydraulic tank a, 2- mixing chamber, 3- screw conveyor, 4- crushing chamber, 5- crushes roller, and 6- sieve, 7- pushes away Plate, 8- grinding chamber, 9- grinding fixed roll, 10- mixing roll, 11- extension sleeve, 12- bevel gear, 13- cam, 14- grind motor, 15- hydraulic tank b, 16- air blower, 17- switch a, 18- rubber feed inlet, 19- rubber discharge port, 20- grind feed inlet, and 21- is ground Grind material mouth, 22- switch b, the 23- time relay, 24- bracket, 25- pedestal, 26- spring, 27- vortex tube, 28- cold air goes out Mouthful, 29- air pipeline, 30- hot air outlet, 31- air compressor.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawing:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of pulsed is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, including hydraulic tank a1, mixing chamber 2, crushing chamber 3, grinding chamber 8, hydraulic tank b15, the hydraulic tank a1 are connected to by pipeline with mixing chamber 2, thus by the liquid in hydraulic tank a1 In pressure input mixing chamber 2, switch a17, the mixing chamber are provided on the pipeline between the hydraulic tank a1 and mixing chamber 2 2 upper ends are provided with rubber feed inlet 18, and the lower end of the mixing chamber 2 is provided with rubber discharge port 19, by hydraulic tank a1 by liquid In nitrogen addition mixing chamber 2 and rubber mix, so that rubber is cooling to become easier to embrittlement consequently facilitating subsequent crushing and grinding.
The rubber discharge port 19 is connected to by screw conveyor 3 with crushing chamber 4, is provided in the crushing chamber 4 Crush roller 5, be additionally provided with sieve 6 in the crushing chamber 4 of the lower end for crushing roller 5, smashed rubber by sieve into Row primary filtration is additionally provided with push plate 7 on the sieve 6, is additionally provided with 2 deflector holes on the inner sidewall of the crushing chamber 4, and 2 Deflector hole is connected to by pipeline with air blower 16, and the air blower 16 is arranged on pedestal 25 by bracket 24, passes through push plate 7 Large-sized rubber is pushed at the water conservancy diversion inclined-plane of 4 inside of crushing chamber, the deflector hole and air blower 16 on the water conservancy diversion inclined-plane connect It is logical, large-sized rubber is blown between crushing roller 5 by air blower 16 and is crushed again, to further increase crushing Quality.
As shown in Fig. 2, the crushing chamber 4 is connected to by its lower end discharge port with grinding chamber 8, in the grinding chamber 8 It is provided with mutually ratcheting grinding fixed roll 9 and mixing roll 10, the grind fixed roll 9 and the shape of mixing roll 10 are taper, institute The setting of mixing roll 10 stated is in grinding fixed roll 9 and ratcheting with grinding fixed roll 9, and there is a notch in 9 upper end of grinding fixed roll, should Notch is as grinding feed inlet 20.One end of the mixing roll 10 is connect with extension sleeve 11, the extension sleeve 11 with Bevel gear 12 connects, and cam 13 is equipped with below the bevel gear 12, the cam 13 is connect with grinding motor 14, by convex Wheel 13 realizes the pulsed classified grinding of mixing roll, guarantees the quality of grinding, the lower end of the grinding chamber 8, which is provided with, to be ground Material mouth 21, the rubber for grinding completion are excluded by grinding discharging opening 21.Spring 26, the bullet are additionally provided on the right side of the cam 13 Spring 26 is installed between cam 13 and mixing roll 10.As shown in figure 3, being additionally provided with vortex tube 27, institute in the mixing roll 10 The upper end for stating vortex tube 27 is cold-air vent 28, and lower part is hot air outlet 30.The hot-air of 27 lower part of vortex tube goes out It is provided with air compressor 31 by mouth 30, the vortex tube 27 is connected to the multiple air pipelines 29 being arranged in mixing roll 10, Air compressor 31 work generate cold air stream through air pipeline 29 to cold-air vent 28 at, take away cutter generation heat Amount, to achieve the purpose that protect mixing roll 10 with more preferable grinding effect.The grinding chamber 8 also passes through pipeline and hydraulic tank b15 Connection;It is provided with switch b22 and the time relay 23 on pipeline between the hydraulic tank b15 and grinding chamber 8, in grinding Simultaneously at regular intervals as spraying liquid nitrogen on mixing roll 10 for the cooling of mixing roll 10.
The above embodiments and description only illustrate the principle of the present invention and most preferred embodiment, is not departing from this Under the premise of spirit and range, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes and improvements both fall within requirement and protect In the scope of the invention of shield.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pulsed is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: including hydraulic tank a, hydraulic tank b, mixing chamber, powder Broken chamber, grinding chamber, the hydraulic tank a are connected by pipeline with mixing chamber, the mixing chamber by screw conveyor with Crushing chamber is connected to, and crushing roller is provided in the crushing chamber, is additionally provided in the crushing chamber of the lower end for crushing roller Sieve, the crushing chamber are connected to by its lower end discharge port with grinding chamber, are provided in the grinding chamber mutually ratcheting Fixed roll and mixing roll are ground, the mixing roll is connect by cam with grinding motor;
The grinding chamber also passes through pipeline and is connected to hydraulic tank b;
Vortex tube is additionally provided in the mixing roll, the upper end of the vortex tube is cold-air vent, and lower part goes out for hot-air Mouthful, and the vortex tube is connected to the multiple air pipelines being laid in mixing roll.
2. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the mixing Chamber upper end is provided with rubber feed inlet, and the lower end of the mixing chamber is provided with rubber discharge port.
3. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the grinding One end of roller is connect with extension sleeve, and the extension sleeve is connect with bevel gear, and cam, institute are equipped with below the bevel gear The cam stated is connect with grinding motor.
4. a kind of pulsed according to claim 3 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the cam Right side is additionally provided with spring, and the spring is installed between cam and mixing roll.
5. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the crushing 2 deflector holes are provided on chamber inner sidewall, the deflector hole is connect by pipeline with air blower, and the air blower passes through branch Frame is set on the base.
6. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: on the sieve It is additionally provided with push plate, the push plate is used to large-sized rubber being pushed into the water conservancy diversion inclined-plane on the inside of crushing chamber, the water conservancy diversion Deflector hole at inclined-plane is connected to air blower.
7. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: described is hydraulic It is provided with control switch a on pipeline between tank a and mixing chamber, is arranged on the pipeline between the hydraulic tank b and grinding chamber There are switch b and the time relay.
8. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the vortex tube Air compressor is provided with by the hot air outlet of lower part.
9. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: the grinding The shape of fixed roll and mixing roll is taper, and the mixing roll setting is in grinding fixed roll and ratcheting with grinding fixed roll, described There is a notch in grinding fixed roll upper end, and the notch is as grinding feed inlet.
10. a kind of pulsed according to claim 1 is classified rubber pulverizing grinding device, it is characterised in that: described grinds The lower end of mill chamber is provided with grinding discharging opening.
CN201910296172.0A 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device Pending CN110000966A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910296172.0A CN110000966A (en) 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910296172.0A CN110000966A (en) 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of pulsed classification rubber pulverizing grinding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110000966A true CN110000966A (en) 2019-07-12

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110561650A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-13 合肥鸿叶紫新能源有限公司 A environmental protection recovery unit for new forms of energy abandonment tire

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105269715A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-01-27 何志斌 Liquid nitrogen cooling rubber smashing system
CN107362863A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-11-21 胡忠义 A kind of soybean lapping device for preventing bean powder wall built-up
CN208032721U (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-11-02 杭州匹知共创科技有限公司 A kind of circulating crushing material grinding device
CN209971218U (en) * 2019-04-13 2020-01-21 五邑大学 Grinder is smashed to hierarchical rubber of pulsed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105269715A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-01-27 何志斌 Liquid nitrogen cooling rubber smashing system
CN107362863A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-11-21 胡忠义 A kind of soybean lapping device for preventing bean powder wall built-up
CN208032721U (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-11-02 杭州匹知共创科技有限公司 A kind of circulating crushing material grinding device
CN209971218U (en) * 2019-04-13 2020-01-21 五邑大学 Grinder is smashed to hierarchical rubber of pulsed

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110561650A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-13 合肥鸿叶紫新能源有限公司 A environmental protection recovery unit for new forms of energy abandonment tire

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