CN109958079A - A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm - Google Patents

A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109958079A
CN109958079A CN201910288225.4A CN201910288225A CN109958079A CN 109958079 A CN109958079 A CN 109958079A CN 201910288225 A CN201910288225 A CN 201910288225A CN 109958079 A CN109958079 A CN 109958079A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
guardrail
longitudinal
automatic alarm
longitudinal direction
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910288225.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾国庆
Original Assignee
成都爱可信科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 成都爱可信科技有限公司 filed Critical 成都爱可信科技有限公司
Priority to CN201710299142.6A priority Critical patent/CN106939562B/en
Priority to CN201910288225.4A priority patent/CN109958079A/en
Publication of CN109958079A publication Critical patent/CN109958079A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/14Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands
    • E01F15/143Protecting devices located at the ends of barriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/16Anti-collision systems
    • G08G1/165Anti-collision systems for passive traffic, e.g. including static obstacles, trees

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of type highway barriers capable of automatic alarm, including guardrail and pedestal, the pedestal includes support base, wherein, the guardrail includes lateral anti-collision shock-proof system and Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system, according to the impact force being subjected to and projected angle of impact difference, guardrail (1) the triggering transverse elasticity protected mode or bidirectional protective mode, guardrail can be protected, and it can restore to the original state automatically, save rehabilitation expense, and it can protect vehicle and personnel safety, other vehicles are also reminded to have traffic accident simultaneously, driver will enhance your vigilance, it to avoid and knock into the back.

Description

A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm

The application is title are as follows: a kind of freeway guardrail of anticollision damping, the applying date are as follows: May 01, Shen in 2017 Please number are as follows: the divisional application of 201710299142.6 application for a patent for invention.

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of highway barrier, in particular to a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm belongs to highway equipment Technical field.

Background technique

Freeway guardrail is the protective fence that highway both sides or centre are arranged in, when vehicle collides it, Ke Yiqi Protective effect, still, existing guardrail anticollision cushioning ability are poor, can not protection staff and vehicle safety, and occur vehicle When misfortune, other vehicles cannot can not be warned, driver is reminded to have traffic accident;It is easily sent out especially for highway Raw accident section, guardrail needs road administration personnel to replace by cannot voluntarily restore after traffic accident impact force, not only time-consuming to take Power, and influence the passage of expressway.

Summary of the invention

The invention proposes a kind of type highway barriers capable of automatic alarm, solve guardrail anticollision cushioning ability in the prior art Difference cannot voluntarily be restored, no warning function, the problem of being not convenient to use.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problems, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:

A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm of the present invention, including guardrail and pedestal, the pedestal include support base, wherein institute Stating guardrail includes lateral anti-collision shock-proof system, and the anti-collision shock-proof system includes Crashworthy plate, rubber sleeve, telescopic rod, sliding block and cross To spring;The outside of guardrail connects the Crashworthy plate in outside by sliding block with telescopic rod, and vertical pleated structure is arranged in the Crashworthy plate, The outer sheath of the Crashworthy plate is equipped with rubber sleeve, and the inside of the Crashworthy plate is simultaneously provided with several cross between the telescopic rod To spring, at least two is arranged in the telescopic rod.Baffle is arranged in support base longitudinal direction two sides, and the support base both lateral sides are set Set sliding rail, the sliding block and sliding rail are slided in sliding rail with merging, sliding block longitudinal direction side setting first longitudinal direction spring and with gear Plate is connected;On the sliding rail with sliding block both ends corresponding position be arranged limiter, the baffle, first longitudinal direction spring, sliding rail, Limiter and sliding block form Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system;

According to the impact force being subjected to and projected angle of impact difference, the guardrail triggering transverse elasticity protected mode or bidirectional protective mould Formula.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein the limiter includes limit spring, limited block and limiting slot, The limition orientation side matching position of limited block setting oriented side, the sliding block and limited block is provided with slider guide Side.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein under transverse elasticity protected mode, the Crashworthy plate, rubber sleeve It is that transversely flexible deformation, the limiter limit sliding block transverse movement in sliding rail with crossed strip.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein under bidirectional protective mode, the Crashworthy plate, rubber sleeve and cross To spring transversely flexible deformation first, then sliding block compression limiter and compresses first longitudinal direction camber of spring and drive the guardrail Length travel.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system further includes the second longitudinal direction spring, The second longitudinal direction spring is arranged in the sliding block longitudinal direction other side, and is connected with baffle.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein the top of the sliding block is equipped with alarming device, the warning dress It sets and lateral actuation button is connected by conducting wire, and the company of the crossed strip Yu the sliding block is arranged in the lateral actuation button Meet place.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein the top of the sliding block is equipped with the first alarming device and second First alarming device, first alarming device connect lateral actuation button, and the lateral actuation button setting by conducting wire In the junction of the crossed strip and the sliding block, the two the first alarming device connects longitudinal touch by conducting wire and presses The junction of the first longitudinal direction spring and the sliding block is arranged in button, the longitudinal direction actuation button.

A preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein first alarming device includes buzzer, alarm lamp, GPS letter Number transmitter and solar storage battery;Second alarming device includes buzzer, alarm lamp and solar storage battery;The cunning It is laid with solar panel at the top of block and is electrically connected with solar storage battery.

The beneficial effects obtained by the present invention are as follows being:

Structure of the invention is simple, and practical, by the way that lateral anti-collision shock-proof system is arranged, in transverse elasticity protected mode Under, since impact force is smaller on guardrail for car hit, the Crashworthy plate, rubber sleeve and crossed strip are transversely flexible deformations, Guardrail can be protected, and can restored to the original state automatically, save rehabilitation expense, and can protect vehicle and personnel's peace Entirely;

Under bidirectional protective mode, crossed strip, Crashworthy plate and rubber sleeve are formed together multi-level lateral anti-collision shock-proof system.The One stage, crossed strip, Crashworthy plate and rubber sleeve can occur flexible deformation and absorb a large amount of lateral impact forces;Second stage, The baffle, first longitudinal direction spring, sliding rail, limiter and sliding block form multi-level composition Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system together, First, the stretcher strain of second longitudinal direction spring and first, the deformation of second longitudinal direction compression deformation of the spring and limiter absorbs big The longitudinal impact force of amount.By the multi-level anti-collision shock-proof system of lateral anti-collision shock-proof system and Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system, add The anticollision cushioning ability of strong guardrail, so that realizing also protect when impact force is excessive avoids the occurrence of the personnel in vehicle seriously Injury advantageously ensures that the life security of people;Guardrail can also be protected, and can restored to the original state automatically simultaneously, saved Rehabilitation expense.

By being equipped with alarming device, it can sound an alarm at Vehicular impact guardrail and GPS signal, road administration center pass through It identifies the information that the first alarm and the second alarm issue, interior judgement the position of traffic accident can occur at the first time, and can be pre- Sentence the damage situations of guardrail and the severity of traffic accident and carry out corresponding emergency processing, while other vehicles also being reminded to have traffic accident Occur, driver will enhance your vigilance, to avoid and knock into the back.

Detailed description of the invention

Attached drawing is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes part of specification, with reality of the invention It applies example to be used to explain the present invention together, not be construed as limiting the invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;

Fig. 2 is top view of the invention;

Fig. 3 is side view of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the 4-4 diagrammatic cross-section of Fig. 2 sliding rail of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of transverse elasticity protected mode of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the another transverse elasticity protected mode of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of bidirectional protective mode of the present invention;

In figure: 1, guardrail;2, pedestal;3, support base;4, sliding block;400, slider guide side;5, telescopic rod;501, telescopic segment; 502, fixed section;6, Crashworthy plate;7, crossed strip;8, rubber sleeve;9, conducting wire;10, Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system;11, sliding rail; 110, limiter;111, limit spring;112, limited block;113, limiting slot;114, limition orientation side;12, first longitudinal direction spring; 13, second longitudinal direction spring;14, lateral actuation button;15, baffle;16, longitudinal actuation button;17, the first alarming device;171, Second alarming device;18 pleated structures;19, automobile;20, lateral anti-collision shock-proof system, 21, lateral impact forces, 22 impacts of collision Power.

Specific embodiment

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that preferred reality described herein Apply example only for the purpose of illustrating and explaining the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention.

Embodiment 1:

As shown in Figs. 1-5, in the present invention for ease of description, guardrail and road surface parallel direction are defined as indulging in subsequent descriptions To guardrail and road surface vertical direction are defined as transverse direction.The present invention provides a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm, including guardrail 1 and pedestal 2, the pedestal 2 includes support base 3, and the guardrail 1 includes lateral anti-collision shock-proof system 20, anticollision damping system System 20 includes Crashworthy plate 6, rubber sleeve 8, telescopic rod 5, sliding block 4 and crossed strip 7;The outside of guardrail 1 passes through sliding block 4 and telescopic rod Vertical pleated structure 18 is arranged in the Crashworthy plate 6 in 5 connection outsides, the Crashworthy plate 6, and pleated structure 18 herein can be a variety of knots Configuration formula can be U-shaped pleated structure 18 and be also possible to the fold face of V-type or the fold face of polygon.The Crashworthy plate 6 Outer sheath is equipped with rubber sleeve 8, and the rubber sleeve 8 has good elasticity and impact resistance, the connection of rubber sleeve 8 and Crashworthy plate 6 Mode can be bonding, the modes such as screw connection.The inside of the Crashworthy plate 6 is simultaneously provided with several between the telescopic rod 5 At least two is arranged in a crossed strip 7, the telescopic rod 5;In the present embodiment, telescopic rod 5 is provided with 6, and the telescopic rod 5 wraps Containing telescopic segment 501 and fixed section 502.

Baffle 15 is arranged in the longitudinal two sides of the support base 3, and sliding rail 11, the sliding block 4 is arranged in 3 both lateral sides of support base With sliding rail 11 with merging in the sliding of sliding rail 11, the longitudinal side setting second longitudinal direction spring 12 of the sliding block 4 is simultaneously connected with baffle 15; Limiter 110 is set with the 4 both ends corresponding position of sliding block on the sliding rail 11;The baffle 15, second longitudinal direction spring 12 are sliding Rail 11, limiter 110 and sliding block 4 form Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system 10;In the smaller and mainly lateral punching of impact force being subjected to When hitting power 21, or when 19 Vertical Square of vehicle hits guardrail 1, trigger transverse elasticity protected mode.

Further, the limiter 110 includes limit spring 111, limited block 112;Limiting slot 113, the limited block 112 The limition orientation of setting oriented side 114, the sliding block 4 and limited block 112 is when 114 matching positions are provided with slider guide 400.When by longitudinal impact force 22, if impact force is smaller, due to the position-limiting action of limited block 112, so sliding block 4 will not Do longitudinal movement;When longitudinal impact force 22 is larger, impact force can be transmitted to the limition orientation side 114 of limited block 112 by sliding block 4 On, limited block 112, which can compress limit spring 111, to be done vertical direction operation and is finally crushed below sliding block 4.

Further, under transverse elasticity protected mode, the Crashworthy plate 6, rubber sleeve 8 and crossed strip 7 are transversely bullets Property deformation, the limiter 110 limits the transverse movement in sliding rail 11 of sliding block 4.

Further, the top of the sliding block 4 is equipped with the first alarming device 17, and first alarming device 17 is by leading Line 9 connects lateral actuation button 14, and the company of the crossed strip 7 and the sliding block 4 is arranged in the lateral actuation button 14 Meet place.

Further, first alarming device 17 includes buzzer, and alarm lamp, GPS signal transmitter and solar energy store Battery is laid with solar panel at the top of the sliding block 4 and is electrically connected with solar storage battery.Lateral actuation button 14 is horizontal The first alarming device 17 is triggered after compressing to spring 7 to sound an alarm, and reminds other vehicles to have traffic accident, driver will improve police It is cautious, it to avoid and knock into the back, while signal is dealt by road administration control centre by GPS signal transmitter.

It should be known to those skilled in the art that due to the effect of inertia that vehicle 19 is travelled along road surface longitudinal direction, usually In the case of, after vehicle 19 hits guardrail 1, impact force in a lateral direction is smaller, and the impact force in longitudinal direction is larger, but It is that it is different to hit 1 angle of guardrail after having a car accident due to vehicle 19, it is also possible to approximate vehicle vertical direction occur and hit guardrail Situation, longitudinal impact force 22 is almost nil at this time, but still remains certain lateral impact forces 21, at this time just mainly laterally punching It hits power 21 guardrail 1 is caused to impact.

As seen in figs. 5-6, under transverse elasticity protected mode, specific description is smaller in the impact force being subjected to, and indulges at this time To and lateral impact force it is all smaller;Or impact force is when being mainly lateral impact forces 21, when 19 Vertical Square of vehicle under extreme case When hitting guardrail 1, it will triggering transverse elasticity protected mode, it is assumed that 19 Vertical Square of vehicle is described for hitting guardrail 1.Vehicle 19 first with the contact of 6 rubber surface of Crashworthy plate set 8, and rubber sleeve 8 carries out buffering deformation and compress, and rubber sleeve 8 rushes part Power absorption is hit, while part of impact force being transmitted on vertical pleated structure 18 by diffusion way, Crashworthy plate 6 passes through vertical pleat 18 flexible deformation of structure of wrinkling absorbs part impact energy, while remaining impact force is transmitted to again the transverse direction of 6 inside of Crashworthy plate Spring 7, crossed strip 7 further absorb energy by flexible deformation, and 5 telescopic segment 501 of telescopic rod can be in the process Crossed strip 7 it is flexible, the fixed section 502 of telescopic rod 5 can play the role of guide and limit, keep multiple crossed strips 7 balanced Deformation and absorb impact force, at this time due to being mainly lateral impact forces 21, and the impact force of longitudinal mode can almost be ignored, And under the position-limiting action of the limiter 110 on sliding rail 11, guardrail 1 will not be in longitudinal movement.After vehicle is removed, guardrail 1 Crossed strip 7, Crashworthy plate 6, telescopic rod 5 and rubber sleeve 8 restore to the original state automatically, it is therefore, crossed strip 7, Crashworthy plate 6, flexible Bar 5 and rubber sleeve 8 are formed together the lateral anti-collision shock-proof system 20 for slowing down impact force at many levels, and the personnel in vehicle is protected to avoid There is reversed impact force, injured phenomenon caused to occur, the life security of guarantor, while also protecting guardrail, avoid into Row repair.In this process, since 19 Vertical Square of vehicle hits guardrail 1, as shown in figure 5, the guardrail 1 of flexible deformation can To restore reset condition (shown in Fig. 2) automatically as compressive state, defining this process is transverse elasticity protected mode.

As shown in Figure 6, it is assumed that it is smaller in the impact force that vehicle 19 is hit, at this time longitudinal impact force 22 and lateral impact forces 21 all compared with It is small, the impact process of lateral impact forces 21 with it is above-mentioned almost vertical direction hit guardrail 1 when the case where it is similar;And in longitudinal side Upwards, since there are lesser longitudinal impact forces 22, so longitudinal impact force 22 can be transmitted to sliding rail 11 by sliding block 4 at this time On, but sliding rail 11, under 112 position-limiting action of limited block of limiter 110, longitudinal impact force 22 is limited the absorption of device 110.

Under transverse elasticity protected mode, in knockout process crossed strip 7 compress when, crossed strip 7 press laterally touch by Button 14, the first alarming device 17 sound an alarm.After vehicle 19 is removed, when Crashworthy plate 6 automatically restores to reset condition, lateral bullet Spring 7 also returns to reset condition, and crossed strip 7 leaves lateral actuation button 14, and the stopping of alarming device 16 sounds an alarm.Pass through The warning information that one alarming device 17 issues, can remind other vehicles to have traffic accident, driver will enhance your vigilance, Yi Mianfa Life is knocked into the back.The first alarming device 17 issues GPS signal, road by wireless signal alert, GPS signal transmitter simultaneously The information that political affairs center is issued by the first alarm 17 of identification judgement the position of traffic accident can occur in first time, and can be pre- Sentence the damage situations of guardrail and lighter traffic accident occurs and carry out corresponding emergency processing.

Embodiment 2

Picture 1-4 and shown in Fig. 7, the present embodiment compared with Example 1, when the present embodiment is larger for Vehicular impact power, is indulged It is all larger to impact force 22 and lateral impact forces 21, trigger bidirectional protective mode the case where.Specifically, the present invention one kind is provided can Automatic alarm type highway barrier, including guardrail 1 and pedestal 2, the pedestal 2 include support base 3, and the guardrail 1 includes laterally anti- Shock mitigation system 20 is hit, the anti-collision shock-proof system 20 includes Crashworthy plate 6, rubber sleeve 8, telescopic rod 5, sliding block 4 and crossed strip 7; Vertical pleated structure 18 is arranged by the Crashworthy plate 6 on the outside of sliding block 4 and the connection of telescopic rod 5, the Crashworthy plate 6 in the outside of guardrail 1, Pleated structure 18 herein can be multiple structural forms, can be U-shaped pleated structure 18 be also possible to V-type fold face or The fold face of polygon.The outer sheath of the Crashworthy plate 6 is equipped with rubber sleeve 8, and the rubber sleeve 8 has good elasticity and resistance to punching Hitting property, rubber sleeve 8 can be Nian Jie, the modes such as screw connection with the connection type of Crashworthy plate 6.The inside of the Crashworthy plate 6 is simultaneously Several crossed strips 7 are provided between the telescopic rod 5, at least four is arranged in the telescopic rod 5;The telescopic rod 5 includes Telescopic segment 501 and fixed section 502.

Baffle 15 is arranged in the longitudinal two sides of the support base 3, and sliding rail 11, the sliding block 4 is arranged in 3 both lateral sides of support base With sliding rail 11 with merging in the sliding of sliding rail 11, the longitudinal side setting second longitudinal direction spring 12 of the sliding block 4 is simultaneously connected with baffle 15; Limiter 110 is set with the 4 both ends corresponding position of sliding block on the sliding rail 11;The baffle 15, second longitudinal direction spring 12 are sliding Rail 11, limiter 110 and sliding block 4 form Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system 10;When the impact force that guardrail is subjected to is larger, trigger two-way Protected mode.

Further, under bidirectional protective mode, the Crashworthy plate 6, rubber sleeve 8 and crossed strip 7 are transversely elastic first Then deformation 4 compression limiter 110 of sliding block and compresses the deformation of second longitudinal direction spring 12 and drives 1 length travel of guardrail.Specifically , the limiter 110 includes limit spring 111, limited block 112;Oriented is arranged in limiting slot 113, the limited block 112 The limition orientation of side 114, the sliding block 4 and limited block 112 is when 114 matching positions are provided with slider guide 400.When longitudinal punching Hit power 22 it is larger when, sliding block 4 impact force can be transmitted on the limition orientation side 114 of limited block 112, limited block 112 can compress Limit spring 111 does vertical direction and runs and be finally crushed below sliding block 4.

Further, second longitudinal direction spring 13 is arranged in the longitudinal other side of the sliding block 4, and is connected with baffle 15, can be enhanced The impact resistance of longitudinal direction.

Further, the top of the sliding block 4 is equipped with the first alarming device 17, and first alarming device 17 passes through conducting wire 9 connect longitudinal actuation buttons 16 and lateral actuation button 14, and the lateral setting of actuation button 14 the crossed strip 7 with The junction of the sliding block 4, first alarming device 17 connect longitudinal actuation button 16 by conducting wire 9 and are arranged described The junction of second longitudinal direction spring 12 and the sliding block 4.

When impact force is larger when there is vehicle 19 to hit guardrail, bidirectional protective mode will be triggered, specifically, usually, Since 19 impact force of vehicle is big, and the collision angled with guardrail 1, so collision impact can be decomposed into lateral punching Hit power 21 and longitudinal impact force 22, with as shown in fig. 7, the first stage be lateral impact forces 21 buffering course: vehicle 19 is first With the contact of 6 rubber surface of Crashworthy plate set 8, rubber sleeve 8 carries out buffering deformation and compresses, and rubber sleeve 8 absorbs part of impact force, Part of impact force is transmitted on vertical pleated structure 18 by diffusion way simultaneously, Crashworthy plate 6 passes through vertical pleated structure 18 Flexible deformation absorbs part impact energy, while remaining impact force is transmitted to again the crossed strip 7 of 6 inside of Crashworthy plate, horizontal Energy is further absorbed by flexible deformation to spring 7,5 telescopic segment 501 of telescopic rod can be with lateral bullet in the process Spring 7 is flexible, and the fixed section 502 of telescopic rod 5 can play the role of guide and limit, makes the balanced deformation of multiple crossed strips 7 simultaneously Impact force is absorbed, is to be absorbed lateral impact forces 21 at this time, avoids the rebound carriage return of lateral impact forces 21, protection staff Vehicle safety.

Second stage is the buffering course of longitudinal impact force 21, and longitudinal impact force 22 is transmitted on sliding block 4 by vehicle 19, sliding Block 4 impact force can be transmitted on the limition orientation side 114 of limited block 112, limited block 112 can compress limit spring 111 do it is perpendicular Histogram is to operation and is finally crushed on sliding block 4 in the following, the second longitudinal direction connecting in this process with sliding block 4 and baffle 15 simultaneously 12 stretcher strain of spring;And the longitudinal other side of the sliding block 4 is also equipped with second longitudinal direction spring 13, and is connected with baffle 15, this When second longitudinal direction spring 13 do compressive deformation.Pass through the stretcher strain of second longitudinal direction spring 12 and the compression of second longitudinal direction spring 13 Deformation drives the guardrail 1 to carry out length travel, and longitudinal impact force 22 is absorbed, and lateral impact forces 21 is avoided to rebound back Vehicle, the vehicle safety of protection staff, while guardrail is also protected, it avoids carrying out repair.

In this process, due to vehicle 19 hit guardrail 1, as shown in fig. 7, guardrail 1 simultaneously do transverse elasticity deformation and Length travel, after vehicle 19 is removed, guardrail 1 can restore reset condition (shown in Fig. 2) automatically, and defining this process is two-way guarantor Shield mode.

Therefore, under bidirectional protective mode, crossed strip 7, Crashworthy plate 6 and rubber sleeve 8 are formed together multi-level lateral anticollision and subtract Shake system 20.First stage, crossed strip 7, Crashworthy plate 6 and rubber sleeve 8 can occur flexible deformation and absorb a large amount of lateral Impact force, second stage, the baffle 15, second longitudinal direction spring 12, second longitudinal direction spring 13, sliding rail 11, limiter 110 and cunning Block 4 forms multi-level composition Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system 10, the stretcher strain and second longitudinal direction of second longitudinal direction spring 12 together 13 compressive deformation of spring and the deformation of limiter 110 absorb a large amount of longitudinal impact force.

Simultaneously under bidirectional protective mode, when crossed strip 7 compresses in 21 knockout process of lateral impact forces, crossed strip 7 Lateral actuation button 14 is pressed, the first alarming device 17 sounds an alarm.In 22 knockout process of longitudinal impact force, second longitudinal direction spring When 12 compression, second longitudinal direction spring 12 presses longitudinal actuation button 16, and the second alarming device 171 sounds an alarm, the first warning dress Set 17 and second alarming device 171 sound an alarm, other vehicles can be reminded to have traffic accident, driver will enhance your vigilance, with Exempt to knock into the back.The first alarming device 17 and the second alarm 171 are sent out warning message and GPS signal by wireless signal simultaneously Emitter issues GPS signal and sends back to road administration center, and road administration center is issued by the first alarm 17 of identification and the second alarm 171 Information interior judgement the position of traffic accident can occurs at the first time, and can prejudge the damage situations of guardrail and occur more serious Traffic accident simultaneously carries out corresponding emergency processing.

Finally, it should be noted that the foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is not intended to restrict the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail referring to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features. All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in guarantor of the invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm, including guardrail (1) and pedestal (2), the pedestal (2) includes support base (3), It is characterized in that, the guardrail (1) includes lateral anti-collision shock-proof system (20) and Longitudinal Collision Avoidance shock mitigation system (10), according to incident The impact force received and projected angle of impact difference, guardrail (1) the triggering transverse elasticity protected mode or bidirectional protective mode.
2. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transverse direction anticollision damping System (20) includes Crashworthy plate (6), telescopic rod (5), sliding block (4) and crossed strip (7);The outside of guardrail (1) passes through sliding block (4) With the Crashworthy plate (6) in telescopic rod (5) connection outside, the inside of the Crashworthy plate (6) is simultaneously provided between the telescopic rod (5) At least two is arranged in several crossed strips (7), the telescopic rod (5).
3. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the transverse direction anticollision damping System (20) also includes rubber sleeve (8), and the outer sheath of the Crashworthy plate (6) is equipped with rubber sleeve (8), Crashworthy plate (6) setting Vertical pleated structure (18).
4. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Longitudinal Collision Avoidance damping System (10) includes the baffle (15), first longitudinal direction spring (12), sliding rail (11), limiter (110) and sliding block (4), described Sliding rail (11) are arranged in support base (3) longitudinal direction two sides setting baffle (15), support base (3) both lateral sides, the sliding block (4) with For sliding rail (11) with merging in sliding rail (11) sliding, first longitudinal direction spring (12) and and baffle is arranged in the longitudinal side of the sliding block (4) (15) it is connected;Limiter (110) are set with the sliding block (4) both ends corresponding position on the sliding rail (11).
5. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the limiter (110) Comprising limit spring (111), oriented side is arranged in limited block (112) and limiting slot (113), the limited block (112) (114), the limition orientation of the sliding block (4) and limited block (112) is when (114) matching position is provided with slider guide (400).
6. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the Longitudinal Collision Avoidance damping System (10) further includes the second longitudinal direction spring (13), and second longitudinal direction spring (13) setting is longitudinal another in sliding block (4) Side, and be connected with baffle (15).
7. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the top of the sliding block (4) End is equipped with the first alarming device (17), and first alarming device (17) connects lateral actuation button (14) by conducting wire (9), And the lateral actuation button (14) is arranged in the junction of the crossed strip (7) and the sliding block (4).
8. a kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the top of the sliding block (4) End is equipped with the first alarming device (17) and the second alarming device (171), and first alarming device (17) is connected by conducting wire (9) It connects lateral actuation button (14), and the lateral actuation button (14) is arranged in the crossed strip (7) and the sliding block (4) Junction, second alarming device (171) connect longitudinal actuation button (16), the longitudinal direction actuation button by conducting wire (9) (16) it is arranged in the junction of the first longitudinal direction spring (12) and the sliding block (4).
9. according to a kind of described in any item type highway barriers capable of automatic alarm of claim 7, which is characterized in that described first is alert Showing device (17) includes buzzer, alarm lamp, GPS signal transmitter and solar storage battery;Second alarming device (171) Comprising buzzer, alarm lamp and solar storage battery;Solar panel and and solar energy power accumulating are laid at the top of the sliding block (4) Pond is electrically connected.
CN201910288225.4A 2017-05-01 2017-05-01 A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm CN109958079A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710299142.6A CN106939562B (en) 2017-05-01 2017-05-01 A kind of collision-proof alarm type highway barrier that can restore automatically
CN201910288225.4A CN109958079A (en) 2017-05-01 2017-05-01 A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910288225.4A CN109958079A (en) 2017-05-01 2017-05-01 A kind of type highway barrier capable of automatic alarm

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CN106939562B (en) * 2017-05-01 2019-07-16 烟台昌达智能交通设备有限公司 A kind of collision-proof alarm type highway barrier that can restore automatically
CN107956204B (en) * 2017-11-22 2019-12-03 广西长顺建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of road and bridge safety barrier that accident is remotely located
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