CN109954762A - The large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing - Google Patents

The large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109954762A
CN109954762A CN201910319529.2A CN201910319529A CN109954762A CN 109954762 A CN109954762 A CN 109954762A CN 201910319529 A CN201910319529 A CN 201910319529A CN 109954762 A CN109954762 A CN 109954762A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
volume
turntable
driving
oil sealing
punch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910319529.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109954762B (en
Inventor
周斌
雷道进
吴伟民
查代佐
雷鹏飞
陈利军
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SUZHOU PRO-SUCCESS AUTOMOTIVE STAMPING Co Ltd
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SUZHOU PRO-SUCCESS AUTOMOTIVE STAMPING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910319529.2A priority Critical patent/CN109954762B/en
Publication of CN109954762A publication Critical patent/CN109954762A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C47/00Winding-up, coiling or winding-off metal wire, metal band or other flexible metal material characterised by features relevant to metal processing only
    • B21C47/16Unwinding or uncoiling
    • B21C47/18Unwinding or uncoiling from reels or drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C47/00Winding-up, coiling or winding-off metal wire, metal band or other flexible metal material characterised by features relevant to metal processing only
    • B21C47/24Transferring coils to or from winding apparatus or to or from operative position therein; Preventing uncoiling during transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D35/00Combined processes according to or processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • B21D35/002Processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of large-scale punch process systems of gearbox oil sealing punch process, belong to punch machining equipment for automotive technical field, its key points of the technical solution are that, the strip solution roll unit includes, pedestal, turntable, it is centrosymmetric around turntable rotation axis and is distributed in the fixed device of material volume in turntable opposite sides face, sliding is set to the guide rack of pedestal side bottom surface, it is set to material volume of the guide rack for applying axial compressive force far from the end face of turntable to material volume in uncoiling and pushes against device, and the top of guide rack is set to for applying the material volume pressing device of radial pressure to material volume in uncoiling.When carrying out uncoiling to a roll of material volume, material volume can be fixed in advance at the fixed device of the material volume of the turntable other side, it is worked when replacing material volume by turntable and realizes the quick-replaceable of material volume, the efficiency of significant increase replacement material volume, and adapt to the efficient punch process of gearbox oil sealing.

Description

The large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing
Technical field
The present invention relates to stamping equipment technical fields, more specifically, it relates to a kind of gearbox oil sealing processing large size Punch process system.
Background technique
Oil sealing is the mechanical organ for oil sealing, and the component for needing to lubricate in transmission parts is isolated with power output component for it, It is unlikely to allow oil seepage.Special oil sealing in automobile gearbox in the prior art, generally by oil tight skeleton and rubber group At the moulding process of traditional oil tight skeleton, which is selected, to be integrally formed, and such mode can not form consecutive production, oil tight skeleton Processing can only carry out one by one, or using multistation injection mould equipment simultaneous processing, not only production efficiency is lower, production cost also compared with Greatly, therefore frequently with metal coiled material as raw material, with continuous stamping process machine-shaping.
During oil tight skeleton punching production, the punching press time is much smaller than the service working times such as its feeding, blanking, in order to The efficient punching press for cooperating stamping equipment generally requires to be equipped with continuous uncoiling or unwinding device for punching machine.As Authorization Notice No. is A kind of automatic Decoiling & blanking Iine in modern disclosed in the Chinese patent of CN103817532B, including sequentially connected decoiling equipment, flitch are defeated Send device, cleaning device, lateral guide, straightening device, looper, main feed device, stamping device, transmission device and heap Pile device, the bunching device include horizontally disposed framework, at least one is equipped with below framework for receiving plate Stacking hoistable platform, the framework are equipped with several beating heads towards on the inside of framework, divide between each beating head and framework It She You not can drive and pat the multi-dimensional shift control mechanism that head changes position.
But decoiling equipment is usually once only used for the uncoiling of a roll of coiled material, it is past after a roll of coiled material use Toward hesitation is needed, coiled material is replaced, the change of lap feeding time is increased, limits the further promotion of processing efficiency.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention intends to provide a kind of gearbox oil sealing processing large-scale punching System of processing is pressed, convenient and efficient, the efficient advantage of punch process with replacement material volume.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical scheme that
The large-scale punch process system of a kind of gearbox oil sealing processing, including the strip solution set gradually according to strip traffic direction The orthopedic unit of roll unit, strip and punch forming unit, the strip solution roll unit include,
Pedestal, the base top surface are provided with deep gouge;
The turntable being set to above pedestal;The bottom of the turntable is provided with the rotary shaft for being inserted in deep gouge, the deep gouge Inside it is provided with the driving assembly for driving rotary shaft to rotate in a circumferential direction;The driving component includes lever, ratchet, pawl and is used for Generate the actuator of push-and-pull power;The coaxial ratchet is sheathed on rotary shaft, and is fixedly connected between rotary shaft;The lever It is movably set in rotary shaft, and is located at below ratchet;Axis hinge in described pawl one end is connected to lever top surface, and the other end is stuck in ratchet On tooth socket;The actuator is set to deep gouge bottom wall, and one end with lever far from rotary shaft is hinged;
It is centrosymmetric around rotary shaft and is distributed in the fixed device of material volume in turntable opposite sides face;
Sliding is set to the guide rack on pedestal side ground;Several guide racks are provided in the guide rack;
It is set to guide rack, the material volume for applying axial compressive force far from the end face of turntable to material volume in uncoiling pushes against dress It sets;
And it is set to the top of guide rack, the material volume pressing device for applying radial pressure to material volume in uncoiling.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when the fixed device of the material volume of side is used for uncoiling feeding on turntable, can revolve When fixed another volume coiled material is with change of lap material at the fixed device of the material volume of the turntable other side, by driving assembly drive turntable with Rotary shaft is that axis rotates 180 °, so that quick-replaceable material volume is realized, when the efficiency of replacement material volume has been significantly greatly increased, having saved Between.
When driving assembly drives turntable rotation, actuator generates thrust, and lever rotation simultaneously makes pawl push ratchet rotation Turn, so that rotary shaft rotates with;When actuator generates pulling force, lever is reversely rotated, due between lever and rotary shaft It is flexibly connected, thus pawl can be retracted therewith to the lower tooth socket of ratchet during lever reverse rotation, and rotary shaft does not rotate then.
When material volume uncoiling, device presses on the outer rim of material volume, material volume pressing device presses on the end face of material volume for material volume abutting, So that material volume with slow speed uncoiling, is unlikely to the loose winding due to toughness of metal coiled material;Guide rack can then play material strip and hold The effect of support and guiding, the problems such as reducing the scratch being likely to occur in material strip motion process using the rotation of guide rack.
Further, the actuator, pawl are provided with two groups, and are centrosymmetric distribution around rotary shaft;The drive Moving part is cylinder or fluid cylinder.
It by using above-mentioned technical proposal, is used cooperatively using two groups of actuators, power is more powerful, can be revolved with fast driving Turntable rotation, to switch the use state of the fixed device of material volume at two.
Further, the fixed device of the material volume includes the casing through turntable setting, described sleeve pipe and turntable it Between be rotatablely connected, and with being ready for use on the first driving mechanism for driving sleeve circumferential rotation;If described sleeve pipe one end is coaxially arranged with Dry block arc panel, the arc panel annular sleeve distribution;Several loose collars, the periphery of the loose collar are arranged in described sleeve pipe It is provided with trapezoidal slide block, is provided with link block on the inside of the arc panel;It is provided on the link block and to be caught in for trapezoidal slide block Sliding slot, the sliding slot are axially arranged along casing and gradually become shallower as to close to turntable direction;It is provided in described sleeve pipe for driving The second driving mechanism for moving loose collar along casing axial reciprocating, is additionally provided between described sleeve pipe and arc panel for limiting The position-limit mechanism that arc panel is moved axially along casing.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, each arc panel was in opposite and drew close state when initial state, and material volume is set in each arc After on shape plate, drive loose collar mobile by the second actuator.Loose collar drives trapezoidal slide block to slide in sliding slot, and trapezoidal slide block is sliding Arc panel is gradually distance from casing when one end shallower to sliding slot.Due to the presence of position-limit mechanism so that arc panel will not completely disengage, And it extends out in a small range to far from casing direction to which material volume is fixed.
After material volume is fixed, under the driving of the first driving mechanism, sleeve circumferential rotation, so that fixed material volume is all therewith To rotation, slow uncoiling.
Further, first driving part includes being set to first motor at the top of turntable, being set to the first electricity The first gear at machine driving end and the second gear for being sheathed on casing, are passed between the first gear and second gear by chain It is dynamic.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, motor can work after being powered as power source, be stablized using chain drive, lead to The i.e. controllable sleeve rotating speed of control motor speed is crossed, convenient for control uncoiling speed.
Further, second driving mechanism includes being coaxially disposed in the motion bar in casing, and the one of the motion bar End is connected with end plate, the other end is connected with the power for driving motion bar to move along itself axial reciprocating for generating push-and-pull power Portion, the power part are set to the one end of motion bar far from arc panel;It is connected between the end plate and each loose collar by connecting rod.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, power part selects fluid cylinder or cylinder, living when power part generates push-and-pull power Lever pushes end plate movement, drives loose collar mobile by connecting rod, so that trapezoidal slide block slides in sliding slot, so that arc Shape plate is mutually drawn close or separate.
Further, it includes being set to the setting frame of guide rack and for being pushed against material volume end face that the material volume, which pushes against device, Compress roller, the length direction of the setting frame is perpendicular to the length direction for compressing roller;It is slided along its length on the setting frame Shifting is provided with slipping block, is equipped with threaded rod and guide rod on slipping block;The threaded rod and guide rod length direction and setting Frame length direction is consistent, and one end of threaded rod is connected with the second motor;Slipping block, the other end are fixed in the described roller one end that compresses Towards the fixed device of material volume.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, motor driven threaded rod rotation may make slipping block along guide rod length direction Sliding.Before material volume is fixed on the fixed device of material volume, so that slipping block slides to far from turntable direction, it can be installation material volume Reserved sufficient space.After material volume installation, so that slipping block reverse shuffle, until the end for compressing axis and material volume compresses.
Further, the material volume pressing device includes that axis hinge is connected to the support arm of guide rack, is rotatably dispose in support Arm compresses the third driving part taken turns and for driving support arm to rotate around hinge joint far from guide rack one end;It is described to compress It takes turns equipped with for driving the power source for compressing wheel rotation.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, drives support arm to rotate around hinge joint to compressing wheel by third actuator and push against The outer rim of material volume.During uncoiling, power source, which can drive, compresses wheel slowly rotation, cooperates the rotation of material volume so that material strip is slow Slow uncoiling.
Further, it further include being filled for jacking material volume to the material volume lifting with the fixed device height of material volume in feeding It sets, the material volume lifting apparatus sliding is set to the ground that turntable deviates from guide rack side;The material volume lifting apparatus includes Slide setting pedestal, for support material volume material lift platform and be set to the lifting body of pedestal;On the top surface of the material lift platform It is provided with the V-groove placed for material volume, bottom surface is connect with lifting body.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, material volume is placed in the top surface of material lift platform, jacks material lift platform by lifting body, It is flushed so that being moved in material volume for the fixed device of material volume, then slipping base, until material volume translation, which is installed on material, has fixed device, So that material volume to be installed on to swift to operate, the safety of the fixed device of material volume.
Further, the material lift platform one side edge is provided with two one group of material blocking rod, the backgauge along the vertical direction Bar is set to spacing between V-groove length direction side and two material blocking rods and is greater than material volume axial width.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when material volume is placed in material lift platform, two material blocking rods are located at the both ends of material volume, So that material lift platform is during rising or translating with pedestal, material volume can stablize placement, increase the safety of feeding.
In conclusion the invention has the following advantages:
1, it is centrosymmetric in turntable two sides and the fixed device of two groups of material volumes is set, when the fixed device of material volume is used for uncoiling at one, Can fixed another material volume is as preparation at the fixed device of another material volume, 180 ° of rotation turntables when change of lap, so that replacement The operation of material volume is rapid, the significant increase efficiency of material volume replacement operation;
2, it is rotatablely connected between turntable and pedestal by rotary shaft, and equipped with ratchet, pawl, lever and actuator, power Foot, stable transmission, can be rotated with directed driven turntable;
3, the setting of material volume lifting apparatus greatly facilitates the operation that material volume is fixed on to the fixed device of material volume, also safer.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the gearbox oil sealing processing structural schematic diagram of large-scale punch process system in embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram one of strip solution roll unit in embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of turntable and pedestal in implementing;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of driving assembly in embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the explosive view figure of the fixed device of material volume in embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view of turntable in embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram two of strip solution roll unit in embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the applying working condition figure of material volume lifting apparatus in embodiment;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of guide rack in embodiment, material volume abutting device and material volume pressing device;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram that material volume pushes against device in embodiment;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram three of strip solution roll unit in embodiment;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram one of the orthopedic unit of strip in embodiment;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram two of the orthopedic unit of strip in embodiment;
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram three of the orthopedic unit of strip in embodiment;
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of punch forming unit in embodiment;
Figure 17 is the enlarged drawing of part B in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the enlarged drawing of C portion in Figure 16;
Figure 19 is the gearbox oil sealing processing applying working condition figure of large-scale punch process system in embodiment.
In figure: 01, pedestal;011, deep gouge;012, lever;013, actuator;014, pawl;02, turntable;021, it rotates Axis;211, ratchet;022, casing;221, second gear;222, locating plate;023, arc panel;231, link block;232, sliding slot; 233, caging bolt;024, loose collar;241, trapezoidal slide block;025, motion bar;251, power part;026, end plate;261, connecting rod; 027, stop collar;271, spacing breach;028, first motor;281, first gear;029, positioning plate;03, guide rack;031, it leads Expect arm;311, guide rack;312, the first transmission arm;313, the first fluid cylinder;032, frame is set;321, threaded rod;3211, the second electricity Machine;322, guide rod;323, slipping block;324, roller is compressed;033, support arm;331, wheel is compressed;332, third motor;333, Two transmission arms;334, the second fluid cylinder;034, the first rectangle frame;341, the first screw rod;342, first servo motor;035, first is convex Block;04, pedestal;041, material lift platform;042, lifting body;043, V-groove;044, material blocking rod;045, the second rectangle frame;451, Two screw rods;452, the second servo motor;046, the second convex block;05, orthopedic case;051, feeding rack;052, orthopedic roller;053, it discharges Frame;531, mounting rod;532, movable block;533, cylinder is driven;534, limited post;06, mounting rack;061, horizontal sliding frame; 611, the first driving fluid cylinder;062, vertical sliding rack;621, the second driving fluid cylinder;063, arm is slid;631, third drives fluid cylinder; 064, mechanical arm;641, caulking groove;065, material folding plate;651, clamping part;652, fixed part;653, holding tank;066, buttcover plate; 07, upper die holder;071, stamping die;08, lower die holder;081, submodule has;09, sliding rail;10, lever;101, bolt is pushed against;11, it pushes up Stage;111, raising plate;1111, inlay card portion;1112, buffer layer;112, fluid cylinder is jacked;12, blanking rack;121, conveyer belt;13, Material volume.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.
Embodiment:
A kind of large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing, referring to Fig.1 comprising successively set according to strip traffic direction Strip solution roll unit, the orthopedic unit of strip and the punch forming unit set.When for gearbox oil sealing punch process, as raw material Metal coiled material be fixed in strip solution roll unit, slow uncoiling;Strip after uncoiling is via the orthopedic unit aligning of strip, pressing After be transferred into punch forming unit;Finally, strip is completed to fall disk, stretching, molding, shaping, punching at punch forming unit The processing steps such as hole, hole flanging, convex hull and deburring, obtain stamping parts.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, strip solution roll unit includes pedestal 01, the turntable 02 for being set to 01 top of pedestal, guide rack 03 and material volume lifting apparatus.The fixed device of material volume for fixing material volume 13 is provided on turntable 02.Guide rack 03 for pair Material strip after uncoiling plays support, guiding role, and is provided in guide rack 03 for applying radial direction to material volume 13 in uncoiling The material volume pressing device of pressure and for material volume 13 apply axial compressive force material volume push against device.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the top surface of pedestal 01 is provided with deep gouge 011, and the bottom surface of turntable 02 is provided with rotary shaft 021, rotation Shaft 021 is inserted in 011 bottom wall of deep gouge and deep gouge 011.Fitting bottom wall is provided with lever 012 in deep gouge 011, and 012 set of lever Set on rotary shaft 021, and can be rotated freely with rotary shaft 021 for axis.Ratchet 211, ratchet 211 are arranged in rotary shaft 021 It is fixed on rotary shaft 021, and is bonded the top surface setting of lever 012.The both ends of lever 012 are provided with actuator 013, actuator 013 can choose fluid cylinder or cylinder.Actuator 013 is cylinder in the present embodiment, and the cylinder at two as actuator 013 is around rotation Shaft 021, which is centrosymmetric, is distributed in 011 bottom wall of deep gouge, hinged between the end of the piston rod of cylinder and the end of lever 012. The top surface of lever 012 is provided with pawl 014, and 014 one end axis of pawl, which is hinged, is connected to 012 top surface of lever, and 014 hinge joint of pawl Axis 021 is axial consistent axially and in rotation.One end inlay card of the pawl 014 far from hinge joint is in the tooth socket of ratchet 211.Actuator 013 When generating thrust, lever 012 is rotated;Lever 012 pushes ratchet 211 with pawl 014, so that rotary shaft 021 be driven to rotate;It drives When moving part 013 generates pulling force, lever 012 is rotated backward, and pawl 014 retracts, and ratchet 211 and rotary shaft 021 will not then rotate.Two Locate actuator 013 to work asynchronously, rotary shaft 021 can be driven to rotate, and then drives turntable 02 in the rotary-top of pedestal 01.
Referring to Fig. 3, the fixed device of material volume for fixing material volume 13 is provided with two groups, and the fixed device of two groups of material volumes is set respectively It is placed in the opposite two sides of turntable 02, and is centrosymmetric distribution around 021 line of the rotary shaft of turntable 02.Pass through turntable 02 Rotation, can switch using the fixed device of material volume at two.
Referring to figure 5 and figure 6, the fixed device of material volume includes casing 022.Four are surrounded with around one end of casing 022 Block arc panel 023, arc panel 023 and casing 022 are coaxially disposed, and 023 annular sleeve of arc panel, 022 equidistantly distributed.Casing It is arranged with loose collar 024 at two on 022, is provided with trapezoidal slide block 241 on the excircle side wall of loose collar 024;Arc panel 023 It is fixedly installed link block 231 on medial surface, is provided with sliding slot 232 along casing 022 is axial on link block 231, trapezoidal slide block 241 is sliding Shifting is set to sliding slot 232.Restraining position ring block 027 is coaxially disposed on casing 022 at the center of casing 022, sliding slot 232 is along casing 022 it is axial gradually become shallower as to close to 027 direction of stop collar, thus when trapezoidal slide block 241 slides in sliding slot 232, arc panel 023 With the trend extended out to separate 022 direction of casing.
Referring to figure 5 and figure 6, motion bar 025 is coaxially arranged in casing 022, one end of motion bar 025 is provided with end plate 026, the other end is connected with the power part 251 for driving motion bar 025 to move along itself axial reciprocating.Power part 251 selects Fluid cylinder or cylinder select cylinder as power part 251 in the present embodiment.Pass through connecting rod between end plate 026 and loose collar 024 261 are fixedly connected, and loose collar 024 is provided at two in the present embodiment, and connecting rod 261 was provided with four and altogether along the week of casing 022 To equidistantly distributed.261 one end of connecting rod is fixedly connected on end plate 026, and the other end runs through after the loose collar 024 of proximal plate 026 It extends to and is fixedly connected with another loose collar 024.End plate 026 can drive loose collar 024 is synchronous to move in the case where motion bar 025 drives It is dynamic, so that trapezoidal slide block 241 slides in sliding slot 232, so that arc panel 023 draws close casing 022 or far from casing 022。
Referring to figure 5 and figure 6, it in order to enable not moved axially along casing 022 when arc panel 023 is mobile, is set on arc panel 023 It is equipped with link block 231 at three.Two caging bolts 233 are equipped on the link block 231 of stop collar 027, on stop collar 027 It is provided with for being equipped with the spacing breach 271 that the link block 231 of caging bolt 233 is caught in, caging bolt 233 is symmetrically distributed in activity The two sides of ring 024.Thus, when arc panel 023 is mobile, it can only axially be moved by a small margin along casing 022.When fixed material volume 13, make Obtain the centre bore that four pieces of arc panels 023 are inserted into material volume 13 simultaneously;Under the driving of power part 251, motion bar 025 drives end plate 026 is mobile, and connecting rod 261 drives loose collar 024 mobile so that trapezoidal slide block 241 in the sliding slot 232 on link block 231 by compared with Deep one end slides to shallower one end, arc panel 023 is extended out to far from 022 direction of casing, so that material volume 13 is fixed.
Referring to Fig. 7, the casing 022 of the fixed device of material volume is arranged through turntable 02, so that arc panel 023 and power part 251 are located at the two sides of turntable 02.Casing 022 is located at 02 interior section of turntable and is coaxially arranged with 221 He of second gear The locating plate 222 of annular.The top surface of turntable 02 is provided with first motor 028, and the driving end of first motor 028 is connected with first Gear 281.Pass through chain drive (not shown) between first gear 281 and second gear 221.After material volume 13 is fixed, First motor 028 is powered, by the chain drive between first gear 281 and second gear 221, so that casing 022 slowly revolves Turn, to carry out uncoiling to material volume 13.
Referring to Fig. 7, the rotational stability of casing 022 when in order to increase by 13 uncoiling of material volume is additionally provided with inside turntable 02 flat Row is in being provided with the "-" type slot being caught in for locating plate 222 on the positioning plate 029 of 02 top plate of turntable, positioning plate 029.Casing 022 When rotation, locating plate 222 rotates in "-" type slot, does not interfere locating plate 222 to rotate and rotate with casing 022, and can rise To limiting boot 022 along the effect of itself axial dipole field, the rotational stabilization of casing 022 when increasing 13 uncoiling of material volume.
Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, in order to which heavier metal material volume 13 to be lifted to and is fixed on the fixed device of material volume, the present embodiment It is further equipped with material volume lifting apparatus.Material volume lifting apparatus includes the pedestal 04 of sliding setting, the material lift platform above pedestal 04 041 and lifting body 042.The bottom of pedestal 04 is provided with the second rectangle frame 045, and on the second rectangle frame 045 along its length It is provided with the second screw rod 451, the end of the second screw rod 451 is provided with the second servo electricity for driving the second screw rod 451 to rotate Machine 452.The bottom surface of pedestal 04 is provided with the second convex block 046, and the second screw rod 451 is arranged through the second convex block 046.Second servo electricity When machine 452 drives the rotation of the second screw rod 451, so that the second convex block 046 is moved along the length direction of the second screw rod 451, to make The length direction that pedestal 04 is obtained along the second rectangle frame 045 slides.In order to reduce the skid resistance of pedestal 04, the bottom surface of pedestal 04 Quadrangle is provided with idler wheel, so that the sliding of pedestal 04 is more smooth.Lifting body 042 includes being set to 04 top surface quadrangle of pedestal Cylinder, the movable end of cylinder are all connected to the bottom surface of material lift platform 041.When lifting body 042 generates thrust, material lift platform 041 is pushed away Against moving up;Conversely, material lift platform 041 then moves down.
Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the top surface of material lift platform 041 is provided with V-groove 043, and is provided with positioned at 043 length direction of V-groove Two material blocking rods 044 of side, material blocking rod 044 are arranged perpendicular to 04 top surface of pedestal.When using material volume lifting apparatus, such as Fig. 9 institute Show, material volume 13 is placed at the V-groove 043 of 041 top surface of material lift platform, so that the length side of the axial direction of material volume 13 and V-groove 043 To consistent.Material blocking rod 044 distinguishes inlay card in 13 axial ends of material volume, so that material volume 13 is rising or translating with material lift platform 041 Cheng Zhong can stablize placement.
Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, material volume 13 is first placed in the top surface of material lift platform 041 by when feeding, and lifting body 042 is utilized to produce Raw thrust, drives material lift platform 041 to move up.When material volume 13 rises to material volume and fixes device height, the second servo motor 452 is powered Work, by the cooperation of the second screw rod 451 and the second convex block 046, so that pedestal 04 slides to close to 02 direction of turntable, until will 13 inlay card of material volume is in the fixed device of material volume.Then, jacking apparatus generates pulling force, and material lift platform 041 and material blocking rod 044 are displaced downwardly to and expect 13 separation of volume.
Referring to Fig. 8 and Figure 10, pedestal 01 is provided with guide rack 03, guide rack 03 far from a side slip of material volume lifting apparatus Glide direction perpendicular to pedestal 04 glide direction.The bottom of guide rack 03 is provided with the first rectangle frame 034, the first rectangle frame The first screw rod 341 is provided on 034 along its length, the end of the first screw rod 341 is connected with first servo motor 342.Guide The bottom of frame 03 is provided with the first convex block 035, and the first screw rod 341 is arranged through the first convex block 035.First servo motor 342 is logical After electricity, the first screw rod 341 rotation, by the cooperation of the first screw rod 341 and the first convex block 035, so that guide rack 03 is along the first square The length direction of shape frame 034 slides.The sliding setting of guide rack 03 can be such that guide rack 03 slides before the rotation of turntable 02 Far from turntable 02, so that guide rack 03 will not hinder the rotation of turntable 02.Meanwhile the sliding of guide rack 03 can also adjust The whole material volume for being set to guide rack 03 pushes against the distance that device and material volume pressing device fix device to 02 feeding volume 13 of turntable, It can adapt to the uncoiling feeding of different size material volume 13.
0 and Figure 11 referring to Fig.1, material volume push against device include the setting frame 032 for being set to guide rack 03, setting frame 032 by Four pieces of rectangular slabs are end to end to be formed, rectangular frame-shaped.It is arranged in parallel with two guide rods along its length on setting frame 032 322, the slipping block 323 being located in setting frame 032 is arranged on guide rod 322 jointly.It is fixedly installed and compresses on slipping block 323 Roller 324 compresses the axial length direction both perpendicular to length direction and guide rod 322 that frame 032 is arranged of roller 324.Setting The threaded rod 321 through slipping block 323 is additionally provided on frame 032, one end of threaded rod 321, which is connected with, is fixed on setting frame 032 Second motor 3211 of end.Second motor 3211 is powered, and driving threaded rod 321 rotates, and drives slipping block 323 along guide rod 322 length direction sliding, to change the position for compressing roller 324.
0 and Figure 12 referring to Fig.1, material volume pressing device include the support arm 033 that axis hinge in one end is connected to 03 top of guide rack, Support arm 033 is provided with far from one end of guide rack 03 compresses wheel 331, and is provided on support arm 033 and compresses wheel for driving The third motors 332 of 331 rotations, are connected with the second transmission arm 333 on the articulated shaft of support arm 033.It is arranged inside guide rack 03 There is the second fluid cylinder 334, the one end of the second transmission arm 333 far from support arm 033 and the movable end of the second fluid cylinder 334 are hinged.Second When fluid cylinder 334 generates push-and-pull power, support arm 033 can be driven to turn around the axis place of being hinged by the transmission of the second transmission arm 333 It is dynamic, so that 033 end of support arm compresses wheel 331 close to or far from turntable 02.When uncoiling, compresses wheel 331 and be pressed on material volume 13 outer rim compresses the slow material volume 13 that is rotatably assorted of wheel 331 and rotates uncoiling under the driving of third motor 332.Rotate turntable Before 02 replacement material volume 13, rotational support arm 033 will not hinder the rotation of turntable 02 to wheel 331 is compressed far from turntable 02 Turn.
0 and Figure 12 referring to Fig.1, guide rack 03 are additionally provided with guide arm 031, guide arm 031 close to the side of turntable 02 On be provided with several axial directions and the axial consistent guide rack 311 of material volume 13.Guide arm 031 is arc-shaped, and one end axis is hinged In guide rack 03.The first fluid cylinder 313 is provided in guide rack 03, the movable end of the first fluid cylinder 313 is hinged with the first transmission arm 312.First transmission arm 312 is fixed on the articulated shaft of guide arm 031 far from one end of the first fluid cylinder 313.First fluid cylinder 313 generates When pushing and pulling power, the first transmission arm 312 drives guide arm 031 to rotate around hinged place, to change the guide installed on guide arm 031 The height of roller 311.The strip that uncoiling gets off in material volume 13 moves under the support of guide rack 311, is not easy to abrade.
3, Figure 14 and Figure 15 referring to Fig.1, strip orthopedic appliance and the strip for being used for punch process system in the prior art are rectified Shape dress is set identical comprising the orthopedic orthopedic roller 052 of several groups case 05 and be set in orthopedic case 05.Strip passes through orthopedic case 05 When, under the roll compacting of orthopedic roller 052, by straightening, flatten.The feed end of orthopedic case 05 is provided with rotatable feeding rack 051, into Several are provided on material frame 051 for conducting the roller bearing of strip.The discharge end of orthopedic case 05 is provided with discharge rack 053, discharging It is arranged in parallel with two mounting rods 531 on frame 053, is arranged with movable block 532 at two on mounting rod 531.On each movable block 532 It is provided with the limited post 534 perpendicular to mounting rod 531, one piece of movable block 532 is fixedly installed, and another piece of movable block 532 connects There is driving cylinder 533.Under the driving of driving cylinder 533, the movable block 532 of activity setting can be to the movable block of fixed setting 532 close to or far to change the spacing between two limited posts 534.Via orthopedic strip along the side perpendicular to mounting rod 531 It to operation, is passed through between Cong Lianggen limited post 534, so that strip enters subsequent pressing workstation with specific position.
6 and Figure 17 referring to Fig.1, punch forming unit are the moulding section of stamping parts punch process, including 07 He of upper die holder Lower die holder 08 is provided with the submodule tool 081 of quantity identical as workpiece punch process process on lower die holder 08 along its length, It is provided on upper die holder 07 for cooperating submodule to have 081 stamping forming stamping die 071.
6 and Figure 17 referring to Fig.1, transitive dependency of the stamping parts between each submodule tool 081 are completed in mechanical arm 064.This reality It applies in example mechanical arm 064 and the length direction of lower die holder 08 is provided with two, be provided on every mechanical arm 064 and submodule has The identical material folding plate 065 of 081 quantity.Material folding plate 065 on two mechanical arms 064 is oppositely arranged, for cooperating to stamping parts It is clamped.Material folding plate 065 includes integrally formed clamping part 651 and fixed part 652, and fixed part 652 is fixed by bolts in Mechanical arm 064, the end of clamping part 651 are provided with semicircular holding tank 653.When two material folding plates 065 being oppositely arranged are drawn close, folder Circular stamping parts can be clamped by holding the mutual cooperation of slot 653.
The both ends of 6 and Figure 17 referring to Fig.1,08 length direction of lower die holder are provided with mounting rack 06.Along vertical on mounting rack 06 The sliding of 064 length direction of mechanical arm is directly provided with two horizontal sliding framves 061, and is provided with the first driving fluid cylinder on mounting rack 06 611, to make the two upper horizontal sliding framves 061 of same mounting rack 06 be located remotely from each other or draw close for providing push-and-pull power.Water Sliding is provided with vertical sliding rack 062 in flat sliding rack 061, and the second driving fluid cylinder 621 is provided on horizontal sliding frame 061. When second driving fluid cylinder 621 generates push-and-pull power, vertical sliding rack 062 slides along the vertical direction on horizontal sliding frame 061.It is perpendicular The bottom end sliding of straight sliding rack 062 is provided with sliding arm 063, slides the length direction of arm 063 and the length direction of mechanical arm 064 Unanimously.Third is provided in vertical sliding rack 062 and drives fluid cylinder 631, to drive sliding arm 063 along certainly for generating push-and-pull power The sliding of body length direction.The glide direction of horizontal sliding frame 061, vertical sliding rack 062 and sliding arm 063 is mutually perpendicular to.It is mechanical The both ends of arm 064 are separately connected the end with corresponding side slip arm 063.
6 and Figure 18 referring to Fig.1, the end of mechanical arm 064 and the end of sliding arm 063 are provided with buttcover plate 066, connect When mechanical arm 064 and sliding arm 063, buttcover plate 066 is aligned and wears to be bolted and is fixed.Mechanical arm after connection 064 can with horizontal sliding frame 061, vertical sliding rack 062 and slide the movement of arm 063 and in length direction, vertical Direction and horizontal direction sliding, to complete the clamping transmitting to stamping parts.The end of lower die holder 08 is additionally provided with blanking rack 12, falls Conveyer belt 121 is provided on material frame 12.The stamping parts that final punching press is completed, the clamping of material folding plate 065 moves down on mechanical arm 064 It send to conveyer belt 121.When two mechanical arms 064 separate, stamping parts falls within conveyer belt 121 and is exported.
6 and Figure 18 referring to Fig.1, in order to increase the convenience of dismounting mold, edge is perpendicular to lower die holder 08 on mill floor Length direction be provided with two sliding rails being parallel to each other 09, the sliding of lower die holder 08 is set to sliding rail 09.When needing to dismount mold, Lower die holder 08 can be slid out into workspace by sliding rail 09, increase dismounting mold can operating space.Complete the installation of mold Or after maintenance, reverse shuffle lower die holder 08 to workspace.
Referring to Fig.1 8, lever 10 is also hingedly provided on mill floor, and lever 10 is provided with far from one end of articulated position Push against bolt 101.After lower die holder 08 is slid onto workspace, rotation lever 10 be bonded to the side of lower die holder 08, screw to Tight bolt 101 can be fixed by lower die holder 08.Protrusion is provided on ground, positioned at lower die holder 08 far from 10 side of lever (not shown), to be fixed to lower die holder 08 for cooperating lever 10 and pushing against bolt 101, prevent lower die holder 08 to remote It is slid from 10 direction of lever.
Referring to Fig.1 8, both ends of the lower die holder 08 and lower section for being located at mechanical arm 064 is additionally provided with Lifting bench 11.Lifting bench 11 Top be provided with raising plate 111, the quadrangle of 11 top surface of Lifting bench is provided with jacking fluid cylinder 112.Jack the synchronous work of fluid cylinder 112 Make, and movable end is all connected to the bottom surface of raising plate 111.The top surface of raising plate 111 is provided with the inlay card portion 1111 of circular platform type, machine The bottom surface of tool arm 064 is provided with the caulking groove 641 being caught in for inlay card portion 1111.The top surface of raising plate 111 is additionally provided with rubber material Buffer layer 1112.When lower die holder 08 slides out workspace, raising plate 111 is jacked by jacking fluid cylinder 112, until raising plate 111 Support is caught in caulking groove 641 in 064 lower section of mechanical arm, inlay card portion 1111, so that mechanical arm 064 is placed at the top of raising plate 111 Stablize.Then, the connection between sliding arm 063 and mechanical arm 064 is disconnected, continues to jack raising plate 111 using jacking fluid cylinder 112 It is higher than lower die holder 08 to mechanical arm 064.At this point it is possible to which lower die holder 08 is made to slide out working region along sliding rail 09, mechanical arm 064 is not The sliding of lower die holder 08 can be caused to hinder.On the one hand the setting of the buffer layer 1112 of rubber material increases mechanical arm 064 and exists On the other hand the shelf-stability of 111 top surface of raising plate reduces scratching every damage to mechanical arm 064.
It works separate:
As shown in figure 19, material volume 13 is fixed on the fixed device of the material volume on turntable 02, cooperation material volume pushes against device and material volume The slow uncoiling of pressing device, strip after uncoiling via the orthopedic unit of strip it is orthopedic after enter punch forming unit, be stamped plus Work forms stamping parts.When a roll of material volume 13 is used for punch process, it can pacify at the fixed device of the material volume 13 of 02 other side of turntable The fixed another material volume 13 of dress is as preparation.When needing replacing material volume 13, is quickly exchanged, made by the rotation of turntable 02 Prepared material volume 13 is moved to machining position, the efficiency of material volume 13 is replaced in significant increase Punching Process.
Above-mentioned specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, art technology Personnel can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as All by the protection of Patent Law in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (9)

1. the large-scale punch process system of a kind of gearbox oil sealing processing, including the strip set gradually according to strip traffic direction Solving roll unit, the orthopedic unit of strip and punch forming unit, it is characterised in that: the strip solution roll unit includes,
Pedestal (01), pedestal (01) top surface are provided with deep gouge (011);
The turntable (02) being set to above pedestal (01);The bottom of the turntable (02), which is provided with, is inserted in deep gouge (011) Rotary shaft (021), the driving assembly for driving rotary shaft (021) to rotate in a circumferential direction is provided in the deep gouge (011);It is described Driving assembly includes lever (012), ratchet (211), pawl (014) and the actuator (013) for generating push-and-pull power;It is described Ratchet (211) coaxial sleeve is set to rotary shaft (021), and is fixedly connected between rotary shaft (021);Lever (012) activity It is sheathed on rotary shaft (021), and is located at below ratchet (211);Pawl (014) one end axis hinge is connected to lever (012) top Face, the other end are stuck in the tooth socket on ratchet (211);The actuator (013) is set to deep gouge (011) bottom wall, and and lever (012) one end far from rotary shaft (021) is hinged;
It is centrosymmetric around rotary shaft (021) and is distributed in the fixed device of material volume in turntable (02) opposite sides face;
Sliding is set to the guide rack (03) on pedestal (01) side ground;Several guide racks are provided on the guide rack (03) (311);
It is set to guide rack (03), the material volume for applying axial compressive force far from the end face of turntable (02) to material volume in uncoiling Push against device;
And it is set to the top of guide rack (03), the material volume compression dress for applying radial pressure to material volume in uncoiling It sets.
2. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driving Part (013), pawl (014) are provided with two groups, and are centrosymmetric distribution around rotary shaft (021);The actuator (013) is Cylinder or fluid cylinder.
3. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material volume Fixed device includes the casing (022) through turntable (02) setting, the company of rotation between described sleeve pipe (022) and turntable (02) It connects, and matches the first driving mechanism for being ready for use on and driving the circumferential rotation of casing (022);Described sleeve pipe (022) one end is coaxially arranged with Several pieces of arc panels (023), arc panel (023) annular sleeve (022) distribution;It is arranged in described sleeve pipe (022) several The periphery of loose collar (024), the loose collar (024) is provided with trapezoidal slide block (241), is set on the inside of the arc panel (023) It is equipped with link block (231);The sliding slot (232) being caught in for trapezoidal slide block (241), the sliding slot are provided on the link block (231) (232) axially it is arranged along casing (022) and is gradually become shallower as to close to turntable (02) direction;Described sleeve pipe is provided on (022) The second driving mechanism for driving loose collar (024) mobile along casing (022) axial reciprocating, described sleeve pipe (022) and arc The position-limit mechanism moved axially for limiting arc panel (023) along casing (022) is additionally provided between plate (023).
4. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described first Driving part includes being set to first motor (028) at the top of turntable (02), being set to the of first motor (028) driving end One gear (281) and the second gear (221) for being sheathed on casing (022), the first gear (281) and second gear (221) Between pass through chain drive.
5. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described second Driving mechanism includes coaxial arrangement in the motion bar (025) in casing (022), and one end of the motion bar (025) is connected with end Plate (026), the other end are connected with the power part for driving motion bar (025) to move along itself axial reciprocating for generating push-and-pull power (251), the power part (251) is set to the one end of motion bar (025) far from arc panel (023);The end plate (026) and each It is connected between loose collar (024) by connecting rod (261).
6. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material volume Pushing against device includes being set to the setting frame (032) of guide rack (03) and compressing roller (324), institute for be pushed against material volume end face The length direction of setting frame (032) is stated perpendicular to the length direction for compressing roller (324);Along length side on the setting frame (032) Sliding is provided with slipping block (323), is equipped with threaded rod (321) and guide rod (322) on slipping block (323);The screw thread Bar (321) and guide rod (322) length direction are consistent with setting frame (032) length direction, and one end connection of threaded rod (321) There are the second motor (3211);Described roller (324) one end that compresses is fixed on slipping block (323), and the other end fixes device towards material volume.
7. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material volume Pressing device includes that axis hinge is connected to the support arm (033) of guide rack (03), is rotatably dispose in support arm (033) far from guide rack (03) one end compresses wheel (331) and the third driving part for driving support arm (033) to rotate around hinge joint;It is described to support Pinch roller (331) is equipped with for driving the power source for compressing wheel (331) rotation.
8. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: It further include for jacking material volume to the material volume lifting apparatus with the fixed device height of material volume, the material volume lifting dress in feeding It sets sliding and is set to the ground that turntable (02) deviates from guide rack (03) side;The material volume lifting apparatus includes sliding setting Pedestal (04), for support material volume material lift platform (041) and be set to the lifting body (042) of pedestal (04);The material lift platform (041) V-groove (043) placed for material volume is provided on top surface, bottom surface is connect with lifting body (042).
9. the large-scale punch process system of gearbox oil sealing processing according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the material lift Platform (041) one side edge is provided with two one group of material blocking rod (044) along the vertical direction, and the material blocking rod (044) is set to V-type Spacing is greater than material volume axial width between slot (043) length direction side and two material blocking rods (044).
CN201910319529.2A 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Large stamping system for machining gearbox oil seal Active CN109954762B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07251219A (en) * 1994-03-15 1995-10-03 Aida Eng Ltd Device for feeding coil material for press working
CN202045197U (en) * 2011-03-10 2011-11-23 广州粤研液压机电有限公司 Transposable two-arm active uncoiler
CN204866896U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-16 东莞市世翔精密机械制造有限公司 Large -scale decoiler
CN204892776U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 东莞市世翔精密机械制造有限公司 Trinity feeder of thick plate type
CN109530478A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-29 安徽工程大学 A kind of flexibility steel band uncoiling method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07251219A (en) * 1994-03-15 1995-10-03 Aida Eng Ltd Device for feeding coil material for press working
CN202045197U (en) * 2011-03-10 2011-11-23 广州粤研液压机电有限公司 Transposable two-arm active uncoiler
CN204866896U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-16 东莞市世翔精密机械制造有限公司 Large -scale decoiler
CN204892776U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 东莞市世翔精密机械制造有限公司 Trinity feeder of thick plate type
CN109530478A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-29 安徽工程大学 A kind of flexibility steel band uncoiling method

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