CN109940424A - Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine - Google Patents

Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109940424A
CN109940424A CN201910278722.6A CN201910278722A CN109940424A CN 109940424 A CN109940424 A CN 109940424A CN 201910278722 A CN201910278722 A CN 201910278722A CN 109940424 A CN109940424 A CN 109940424A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coarse adjustment
shaft
fine tuning
hole
outside
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201910278722.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁仓平
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HANGZHOU WHEELER GENERAL MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.
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梁仓平
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Publication date
Application filed by 梁仓平 filed Critical 梁仓平
Priority to CN201910278722.6A priority Critical patent/CN109940424A/en
Publication of CN109940424A publication Critical patent/CN109940424A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention provides three-level feed high precision small drilling machines, pedestal including being horizontally installed to ground, for carrying out the hole-drilling system of drilling processing to workpiece, for positioning the setting system of alignment between hole-drilling system and Workpiece boring point, the setting system is mounted on the base end face, setting system includes for the level-one tool setting device along horizontal length direction travelling workpiece, for the second level tool setting device along horizontal width direction travelling workpiece, for moving the three-level tool setting device of hole-drilling system along short transverse, the hole-drilling system is installed on three-level tool setting device, hole-drilling system includes the drilling equipment for drilling to workpiece, for driving the depth adjustment device of drilling equipment high-precision borehole.

Description

Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of machining, and in particular to a kind of small drilling machine.
Background technique
Today's society, in industrial circle, production of machinery gradually replaces manually, drilling machine become essential equipment it One, in the production process of many component of machine or engineering goods, generally require to complete to drill by drilling machine, it is medium and small Type drilling machine is a kind of compact, the small-sized hole machined lathe used in dedicated is typically mounted on, currently, small drilling machine It is manual operation, trivial operations, flexibility ratio is not high, and processing efficiency is lower, machining accuracy is poor.
Summary of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of small drilling machine, operation is simple, quickly and Processing efficiency is higher, machining accuracy is higher.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows.
Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine, including being horizontally installed to the pedestal on ground, for carrying out drill hole to workpiece The hole-drilling system of reason, the setting system for positioning alignment between hole-drilling system and Workpiece boring point, the setting system peace Loaded on pedestal upper surface, setting system include for along horizontal length direction travelling workpiece level-one tool setting device, for along water The second level tool setting device of flat width direction travelling workpiece, the three-level tool setting device for moving hole-drilling system along short transverse, institute The hole-drilling system stated is installed on three-level tool setting device, and hole-drilling system includes drilling equipment for drilling to workpiece, uses In the depth adjustment device of driving drilling equipment high-precision borehole.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The level-one tool setting device includes frame one, to knife screw rod one, shaft one, and frame one is fixedly installed on pedestal End face, it is horizontally disposed to knife screw rod one, knife screw rod one is movably installed on frame one and can axially be rotated around itself, shaft one It is fixedly mounted with to knife screw rod one is coaxial, and the free end of shaft one is provided with level-one handle.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The second level tool setting device includes frame two, to knife screw rod two, shaft two, workbench, and frame two is located at frame One top, is provided with slide unit between frame two and frame one, slide unit includes the sliding slot being set on frame two, setting Slide protrusion on frame one constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation between slide protrusion and sliding slot;
The frame two towards the side to knife screw rod one be provided with socket protrusion one, socket protrusion one with to knife screw rod one it Between be provided with screw and frame two-way is crossed screw and is installed on to outside knife screw rod one;
It is described horizontally disposed to knife screw rod two and it is axially perpendicular to axial to knife screw rod one, knife screw rod two is movably installed in It can be rotated on frame two and axially around itself, shaft two is fixedly mounted with to knife screw rod two is coaxial, and the free end of shaft two is set It is equipped with second level handle;
The workbench is located above frame two, and the bottom surface of workbench is provided with socket protrusion two, is socketed protrusion two and to knife It is provided with screw between screw rod two and workbench is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod two;
The workbench upper surface matching is provided with the fixing piece for fixing workpiece, and the upper surface of workbench is along to knife screw rod One axial array is provided with several groups sliding rail, and the channeling direction of sliding rail is parallel to knife screw rod two axially, and sliding rail runs through work For platform along the two sides axial to knife screw rod two, the fixing piece includes fixing bolt, fixture nut, fixed link, fixing bolt Matching installation is installed on outside fixing bolt in constituting slide-and-guide cooperation, fixture nut in sliding rail and between the two, fixed link On offer sleeve joint hole and fixed link is movably set in outside fixing bolt by sleeve joint hole, fixed link is located at fixture nut and work Make between platform, the fixing piece is provided with several groups.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The three-level tool setting device includes for drawing the elevating mechanism of hole-drilling system lifting, for being that elevating mechanism is holy Go up and down the guiding mechanism being oriented to;
The guiding mechanism includes guide member, mounting plate, and guide member includes guide post, to knife screw rod three, support spring, is led Column and ground is each perpendicular to the extending direction of knife screw rod three, and is both fixedly installed in pedestal upper surface;
The mounting plate is horizontally disposed, and guide hole, wire hole are offered on mounting plate, and mounting plate is movably set in by guide hole and is led Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted outside column and between the two, is opened in the wire hole of mounting plate and is provided with screw and mounting plate passes through silk Mother is installed on to outside knife screw rod three;
The support spring is sheathed on the portion of external that guide post is located at below mounting plate, and the elastic force of support spring makes mounting plate Ascendant trend is done along short transverse;
The guide member is provided with two groups, and is located at level-one tool setting device along the side axial to knife screw rod one, institute The guide hole being opened on mounting plate stated with wire hole is corresponding offers two groups;
The elevating mechanism includes installation shell, elevating endless screw, lifting turbine, shaft three, contradicts sleeve, and installation shell is one End opening, shell structure closed at one end, and closed end offers overlap aperture, installation shell are movably set in pair by overlap aperture Outside knife screw rod three, and shell aperture end is installed and is fixedly installed in mounting plate upper surface, the side for installing shell, which is also provided with, to be kept away Allow hole one;
The elevating endless screw is horizontally disposed, and elevating endless screw is movably installed in installation shell and can axially rotate around itself, turns Axis three is coaxially fixedly mounted with elevating endless screw, and one end of shaft three passes through avoid holes and is located at installation shell exterior together, and The end is provided with three-level handle;
The lifting turbine is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod three, and is gone up and down turbine and engaged with elevating endless screw.
The conflict sleeve is movably set in outside knife screw rod three, and conflict sleeve is provided with two groups, wherein one group of position In lifting turbine and installation closed termination of outer cover between, another group be located at lifting turbine and mounting plate between;
The elevating mechanism is correspondingly arranged on two groups.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The three-level tool setting device further includes the elevation synchro drive for running simultaneously two groups of elevating mechanisms;
The installation shell is also provided with the avoid holes two coaxially arranged with avoid holes one, and the elevation synchro drive includes Shaft four, driving pulley, driven pulley, conveyer belt are fixedly and coaxially connected between shaft four and elevating endless screw, and shaft four from By holding across avoid holes two and being located at installation shell exterior, shaft four is correspondingly arranged on two groups;
The driving pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside one group of shaft four, and driven pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside another group of shaft four Portion, and carry out being connected by power transmitting by conveyer belt between driving pulley and driven pulley.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The drilling equipment includes motor, installation sleeve, auger spindle, drill bit, and motor output shaft is perpendicular to ground, electricity Fixed column is provided between motivation and mounting plate, fixed column is circular cylinder structure, and fixed column is coaxially movably set in outside guide post Portion and the between the two cooperation of composition slide-and-guide, are provided with fastener between the top and motor of fixed column and lead between the two It crosses fastener to be fixedly connected, the bottom end of fixed column is fixedly connected with the upper surface of mounting plate;
The installation sleeve is coaxially fixedly installed in motor casing bottom and the power output end of motor is located at installation set In cylinder, the through-hole coaxially arranged with motor is offered on the mounting plate;
The auger spindle is provided with two groups and respectively auger spindle one, auger spindle two, and auger spindle one is coaxially fixedly installed in the dynamic of motor Power output end, and the power output end of auger spindle one is coaxially arranged with turn hole, is provided with connecting component between auger spindle two and auger spindle one And carry out being connected by power transmitting between the two by connecting component, when auger spindle two is axially displaced along itself, auger spindle one can be held Continue to two output power of auger spindle, connecting component is the internal spline being set in one turn hole of auger spindle, is set to the input of two power of auger spindle The external splines at end, the power output end of auger spindle two pass through through-hole and are located at below mounting plate, and the drill bit is coaxially installed on brill The power output end of axis two.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The depth adjustment device includes for being adjusted by worker's high-precision and can show that the depth of drilling depth adjusts Mechanism, the adjustment synchronization mechanism for being drilled according to the adjustment data of depth adjustment mechanism traction drilling equipment to workpiece;
The depth adjustment mechanism include for by the coarse adjustment component of worker's coarse adjustment, the fine tuning component for being finely tuned by worker, For showing coarse adjustment/fine tuning result display member;
Aperture Matching installation has fixing sleeve on the through-hole being opened on mounting plate, and the display member is located at fixing sleeve Away from the side on ground, display member includes fixing shell, display panel, and fixing shell is the shell structure of both ends open, and solid The lower open end for determining shell is fixedly installed in fixing sleeve, and display panel is fixedly installed in the outside of fixing shell, goes back in fixing shell The stretching hole one for being right against display panel is offered, the stretching hole two coaxially arranged with hole one is stretched out is offered on display panel.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The coarse adjustment component is set to the side that display member deviates from ground, and coarse adjustment component includes coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, coarse adjustment Transferring element, coarse adjustment axis, coarse adjustment axis is horizontally disposed, and coarse adjustment axis is movably installed in fixing shell and can axially rotate around itself, And one end of coarse adjustment axis passes through and stretches out the side that Kong Yiyu stretches out hole two and deviates from fixing shell positioned at display panel, and the end is set It is equipped with coarse adjustment pointer;
The coarse adjustment rotating cylinder is the cylindrical tube structure that the coarse adjustment transcapsidation by two groups in semicolumn cylinder is constituted, and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder Both ends open is simultaneously coaxially arranged with auger spindle two, activity installation between the lower open end and fixing shell upper open end of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, And coarse adjustment rotating cylinder can axially be rotated around itself;
The coarse adjustment transferring element is set in fixing shell, and coarse adjustment transferring element includes coarse adjustment gear ring, transmission gear one, tooth Wheel shaft one is provided with installation part and carries out coaxial fixed peace by installation part between the two between coarse adjustment gear ring and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder Dress, gear shaft one to be axially parallel to auger spindle two axial, and gear shaft one is movably installed in fixing shell and can be around itself axis To rotation, transmission gear one is fixedly sheathed in one outside of gear shaft and engages with coarse adjustment gear ring;
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes coarse adjustment worm screw, coarse adjustment turbine, gear shaft two, between coarse adjustment worm screw and gear shaft one It is fixedly and coaxially connected, gear shaft two is axially parallel to coarse adjustment axis axial direction, and gear shaft two is movably installed in fixing shell simultaneously It can axially be rotated around itself, coarse adjustment turbine is fixedly sheathed in two outside of gear shaft and engages with coarse adjustment worm screw;
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes transmission gear two, coarse adjustment gear, and transmission gear two is fixedly sheathed in gear shaft two Outside, coarse adjustment gear are fixedly sheathed in outside coarse adjustment axis and engage with transmission gear two.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The fine tuning component is set to the side that coarse adjustment component deviates from ground, and fine tuning component includes fine tuning rotating cylinder, fine tuning Transferring element, fine adjustment shaft, fine adjustment shaft are circular cylinder structure, the coaxial pivot bush unit of fine adjustment shaft outside coarse adjustment axis and the two respectively Rotate non-interference, one end of fine adjustment shaft is located at the side that display panel deviates from fixing shell, and the end is provided with fine tuning pointer;
The fine tuning rotating cylinder is the cylindrical tube structure constituted by two groups in the fine tuning transcapsidation of semicolumn cylinder, and finely tunes rotating cylinder Both ends open is simultaneously coaxially arranged with auger spindle two, and activity between the lower open end of rotating cylinder and the upper open end of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder of finely tuning connects It connects, finely tunes and be flexibly connected between the upper open end of rotating cylinder and installation sleeve, fine tuning rotating cylinder can axially be rotated around itself;
The fine tuning transferring element includes fine tuning worm screw, fine tuning turbine, gear shaft three, and fine tuning worm screw coaxially offers slide opening, Fine tuning worm screw is coaxially movably set in two outside of auger spindle by slide opening and fine tuning worm screw can axially rotate around itself, and the two is each Autorotation is non-interference, finely tunes and is connected by power in a manner of key connection between the top of worm screw and the upper open end of fine tuning rotating cylinder Transmitting, the bottom end for finely tuning worm screw is located in fixing shell;
The gear shaft three is axially parallel to fine adjustment shaft axial direction, and gear shaft three is movably installed in fixing shell and can be around certainly Body axially rotates, and fine tuning turbine is fixedly sheathed in three outside of gear shaft and engages with fine tuning worm screw;
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear three, transmission gear four, gear shaft four, and the axial direction of gear shaft four is parallel In fine adjustment shaft axial direction, gear shaft four is movably installed in fixing shell and can axially rotate around itself, three fixing sleeve of transmission gear It is connected to outside gear shaft three, transmission gear four is fixedly sheathed in four outside of gear shaft and engages with transmission gear three;
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear five, fine tuning gear, and transmission gear five is fixedly sheathed in gear shaft four Outside, fine tuning gear are fixedly sheathed in outside fine adjustment shaft and engage with transmission gear five.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The adjustment synchronization mechanism includes thick for being gone up and down according to the coarse adjustment data sync pulling drill bit of coarse adjustment component Adjust lockout member, for the fine tuning data according to fine tuning component and by the fine tuning of coarse adjustment lockout member sync pulling drill bit lifting Lockout member;
The coarse adjustment lockout member includes drive shaft, coarse adjustment knob set, and drive shaft is circular cylinder structure, and drive shaft is coaxially lived It is dynamic to be socketed on outside fine tuning worm screw, and offered in drive shaft for finely tuning the engaging hole engaged between worm screw and fine tuning turbine, Mounting rod is provided between the bottom end and drill bit of drive shaft and is fixedly connected between the two by mounting rod, drive shaft and thick It turns and is provided with guidance set one between cylinder, guidance set one is to be set to guide protrusions one inside coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, be set to Pilot hole one outside drive shaft constitutes channeling direction perpendicular to the slide-and-guide on ground between guide protrusions one and pilot hole one Cooperation;
The coarse adjustment knob set is circular cylinder structure, and coarse adjustment knob set is coaxially socketed on outside drive shaft, coarse adjustment knob It is provided with screw element one between set and drive shaft and is attached between the two by screw element one, screw element one includes being set to Internal screw thread one, the external screw thread one that is set to outside drive shaft inside coarse adjustment knob set;
Guidance set two is provided between the coarse adjustment knob set and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, guidance set two includes being set to coarse adjustment to turn The internal guide protrusions two of cylinder, be set to coarse adjustment knob cover outside pilot hole two, structure between guide protrusions two and pilot hole two Slide-and-guide at channeling direction perpendicular to ground cooperates;
The top of the coarse adjustment knob set is connect with fine tuning lockout member.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The fine tuning lockout member is set in fine tuning rotating cylinder, and fine tuning lockout member includes screw set, traction casing, Traction casing be circular cylinder structure, traction casing and coarse adjustment knob set between be provided with moving part and between the two by moving part into Row is coaxially connected, and moving part is semi-circular column structure, and one end and the coarse adjustment knob of moving part cover coaxial fixation, the other end is located at Coarse adjustment knob set lower section and the end are provided with built-in step, and moving part is provided with two groups and about coarse adjustment knob set axially in symmetrical It is distributed, the region between step built in two groups and coarse adjustment knob set is to interlock area, and the top of traction casing is located in gearing area and should End is provided with external step, constitutes and is rotatably assorted between external step and gearing area, and coarse adjustment knob set rotation is not towed set Interference;
The traction casing is also coaxially socketed on outside drive shaft, and guidance set three is provided between drive shaft and traction casing, is led It include the pilot hole three for being set to guide protrusions three inside traction casing, being set to outside drive shaft, guide protrusions to component three The slide-and-guide that channeling direction is constituted between three and pilot hole three perpendicular to ground cooperates;
The screw set is circular cylinder structure, is provided with screw element two and the two between screw set and traction casing Between be attached by screw element two, screw element two includes being set to internal screw thread two inside screw set, being set to and lead Draw the external screw thread two outside set;
The screw set is also coaxially fixedly installed in fine tuning rotating cylinder.
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with prior art is that the present invention passes through setting system and hole-drilling system cooperation pair Workpiece drills, can be according to the feature selecting to be drilled not Tongfang after setting system completes the alignment of workpiece and hole-drilling system Formula drills, through hole can directly by the three-level tool setting device in setting system draw hole-drilling system decline and to workpiece into Row drilling, operation is simple, quick and processing efficiency is higher, and non-through hole can draw drilling equipment decline by depth adjustment device And drill to workpiece, depth adjustment device the hole depth that is drilled of real-time display and can realize high-precision borehole, while three-level It is provided with elevation synchro drive in tool setting device, so that two groups of elevating mechanisms move synchronously and avoid the occurrence of height error, removes this Except, the adjustment of depth adjustment device is divided into coarse adjustment, fine tuning, improves borehole accuracy again.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of setting system of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the cooperation figure of level-one tool setting device and second level tool setting device of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the cooperation figure of level-one tool setting device and second level tool setting device of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of three-level tool setting device of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of elevating mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the cooperation figure of hole-drilling system and mounting plate of the invention.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of hole-drilling system of the invention.
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of drilling equipment of the invention.
Figure 12 is the cooperation figure of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder and fine tuning rotating cylinder of the invention.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of depth adjustment device of the invention.
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of coarse adjustment transferring element of the invention.
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of micro-adjusting mechanism of the invention.
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of fine tuning transferring element of the invention.
Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of adjustment synchronization mechanism of the invention.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of coarse adjustment lockout member of the invention.
Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram of fine tuning lockout member of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention drills to workpiece with hole-drilling system cooperation by setting system and is advantageous in that, setting system is complete After alignment at workpiece and hole-drilling system, it can be drilled according to the feature selecting different modes to be drilled, through hole can be direct Hole-drilling system is drawn by three-level tool setting device in setting system to decline and drill to workpiece, operation is simple, quickly and Processing efficiency is higher, and non-through hole can be drawn drilling equipment by depth adjustment device and decline and drill to workpiece, depth Adjustment device the hole depth that is drilled of real-time display and can realize high-precision borehole, while it is same that lifting is provided in three-level tool setting device Mechanism is walked, so that two groups of elevating mechanisms move synchronously and avoid the occurrence of height error, in addition to this, the adjustment of depth adjustment device It is divided into coarse adjustment, fine tuning, improves borehole accuracy again.
Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine, including being horizontally installed to the pedestal on ground, for carrying out drill hole to workpiece The hole-drilling system of reason, the setting system for positioning alignment between hole-drilling system and Workpiece boring point, the setting system peace Loaded on pedestal upper surface, setting system include for along horizontal length direction travelling workpiece level-one tool setting device 100, for edge The second level tool setting device 200 of horizontal width direction travelling workpiece fills knife for moving the three-level of hole-drilling system along short transverse 300 are set, the hole-drilling system is installed on three-level tool setting device 300, and hole-drilling system includes for drilling to workpiece Drilling equipment 400, the depth adjustment device 500 for driving 400 high-precision borehole of drilling equipment.
When actual borehole, after worker fixes workpiece, hole-drilling system is moved to by three-level tool setting device 300 and is leaned on Nearly workpiece surface makes Workpiece boring point be moved to drilling equipment by level-one tool setting device 100 and the cooperation of second level tool setting device 300 400 underface completes positioning alignment, then drilling processing is carried out to workpiece by drilling equipment 400, wherein if being drilled For through hole, then hole-drilling system is directly moved by three-level tool setting device 300 and drilled to workpiece, passed through if drilling to be non- Perforation then carries out high-precision borehole to workpiece by depth adjustment device 500.
The level-one tool setting device 100 includes frame 1, to knife screw rod 1, shaft 1, frame 1 It is fixedly installed in pedestal upper surface, it is horizontally disposed to knife screw rod 1, knife screw rod 1 is movably installed on frame 1 And can axially be rotated around itself, shaft 1 is fixedly mounted with to knife screw rod 1 is coaxial, and the free end of shaft 1 is set It is equipped with level-one handle.
The second level tool setting device 200 includes frame 2 210, to knife screw rod 2 220, shaft two, workbench 230, frame Frame 2 210 is located at one 110 top of frame, slide unit is provided between frame 2 210 and frame 1, specifically, sliding part The slide protrusion that part includes the sliding slot being set on frame 2 210, is set on frame 1, between slide protrusion and sliding slot Constitute slide-and-guide cooperation.
The frame 2 210 is provided with socket protrusion one towards to the side of knife screw rod 1, socket protrusion one with it is right It is provided with screw between knife screw rod 1 and frame 2 210 is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod 1.
It is described horizontally disposed to knife screw rod 2 220 and its be axially perpendicular to it is axial to knife screw rod 1, to knife screw rod two 220 are movably installed on frame 2 210 and can axially rotate around itself, and shaft two is fixedly mounted with to knife screw rod 2 220 is coaxial, And the free end of shaft two is provided with second level handle.
The workbench 230 is located at 2 210 top of frame, and the bottom surface of workbench 230 is provided with socket protrusion two, socket Protrusion two and to being provided with screw between knife screw rod 2 220 and workbench 230 is installed on outside to knife screw rod 2 220 by screw Portion.
230 upper surface of the workbench matching is provided with the fixing piece 240 for fixing workpiece, specifically, workbench 230 upper surface is provided with several groups sliding rail along to the axial array of knife screw rod 1, and the channeling direction of sliding rail is parallel to knife silk Bar 2 220 is axial, and the two sides that sliding rail is axial to knife screw rod 2 220 through workbench edge, the fixing piece 240 include solid Determine bolt, fixture nut, fixed link, fixing bolt Matching installation in constituting slide-and-guide cooperation in sliding rail and between the two, Gu Determine nut to be installed on outside fixing bolt, sleeve joint hole is offered in fixed link and fixed link is movably set in fixation by sleeve joint hole Outside bolt, for fixed link between fixture nut and workbench 230, the fixing piece 240 is provided with several groups.
Worker places workpiece to 230 upper surface of workbench, while will be near 240 travelling workpiece of fixing piece and by fixed link It is placed in workpiece surface, it is then female by the tools such as spanner rotary fixing screw, so that workpiece is fixed in workbench 230 On, then make drilling equipment 400 close to workpiece surface by three-level tool setting device 300;
Worker rotates knife screw rod 1 and draws second level by shaking level-one handle manually and making to rotate knife screw rod 1 Tool setting device 200 is axially moved along to knife screw rod 1, and second level tool setting device 200 moves and draws workpiece and moves synchronously, worker By shaking second level handle manually and making to rotate knife screw rod 2 220, knife screw rod 2 220 is rotated and draws 230 edge of workbench Knife screw rod 2 220 is axially moved, workbench 230 moves and draws workpiece and moves synchronously, and is located at Workpiece boring point Immediately below drilling equipment 400, that is, complete positioning alignment.
The three-level tool setting device 300 includes for drawing the elevating mechanism 320 of hole-drilling system lifting, for being lifting The guiding mechanism 310 that the holy lifting of mechanism 320 is oriented to.
The guiding mechanism 310 includes guide member, mounting plate 313, and guide member includes guide post 311, to knife screw rod 3 312, support spring 314, guide post 311 and is each perpendicular to ground to the extending direction of knife screw rod 3 312, and both fixed peaces Loaded on pedestal upper surface.
The mounting plate 313 is horizontally disposed, and guide hole, wire hole are offered on mounting plate 313, and mounting plate 313 is by leading Hole is movably set in 311 outside of guide post and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, is opened in setting in the wire hole of mounting plate 313 There is screw and mounting plate 313 is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod 3 312.
The support spring 314 is sheathed on the portion of external that guide post 311 is located at 313 lower section of mounting plate, and support spring 314 elastic force makes mounting plate 313 do ascendant trend along short transverse.
The guide member is provided with two groups, and is located at level-one tool setting device 100 along axial to knife screw rod 1 Side, the guide hole being opened on mounting plate 313 with wire hole is corresponding offers two groups.
The elevating mechanism 320 includes installation shell 321, elevating endless screw 322, lifting turbine 323, shaft three, contradicts Sleeve 324, installation shell 321 is shell structure open at one end, closed at one end, and closed end offers overlap aperture, and installation is outer Shell 321 is movably set in by overlap aperture to outside knife screw rod 3 312, and is installed 321 open end of shell and be fixedly installed in installation The side of 313 upper surface of plate, installation shell 321 is also provided with avoid holes one.
The elevating endless screw 322 is horizontally disposed, and elevating endless screw 322 is movably installed in installation shell 321 and can be around certainly Body axially rotates, shaft three and the coaxial fixed installation of elevating endless screw 322, and one end of shaft three passes through avoid holes and is located at peace together Outside casing 321, and the end is provided with three-level handle.
The lifting turbine 323 is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod 3 312, and goes up and down turbine 323 and lifting Worm screw 322 engages.
The conflict sleeve 324 is movably set in outside knife screw rod 3 312, and conflict sleeve 324 is provided with two groups, In one group be located between lifting turbine 323 and installation 321 closed end of shell, another group be located at lifting turbine 323 and mounting plate 313 Between.
The elevating mechanism 320 is correspondingly arranged on two groups.
Worker shakes three-level handle manually, and cooperates eventually by lifting turbine 323 and to knife screw rod 3 312 so that going up and down Mechanism 320, mounting plate 313 carry out elevating movement along short transverse, while also drawing hole-drilling system synchronization lifting.
More specifically, since elevating mechanism 320 is provided with two groups, so that in 300 operational process of three-level tool setting device, two It will appear biggish height error between group elevating mechanism 320, eventually result in institute's bore inclining, in order to solve this problem, The three-level tool setting device 300 further includes the elevation synchro drive 330 for running simultaneously two groups of elevating mechanisms 320.
The installation shell 321 is also provided with the avoid holes two coaxially arranged with avoid holes one, and the lifting is synchronous Mechanism 330 includes shaft four, driving pulley, driven pulley, conveyer belt, coaxially fixed between shaft four and elevating endless screw 322 to connect It connects, and the free end of shaft four passes through avoid holes two and is located at outside installation shell 321, shaft four is correspondingly arranged on two groups.
The driving pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside one group of shaft four, and driven pulley is fixedly sheathed in another group of shaft four Outside, and carry out being connected by power transmitting by conveyer belt between driving pulley and driven pulley.
When worker manipulates three-level tool setting device 300, rotates two groups of elevating mechanisms 320 or only rotates one group of elevating mechanism 320, Finally all make two groups of 320 synchronization liftings of elevating mechanism.
The drilling equipment 400 includes motor 410, installation sleeve 420, auger spindle, drill bit 450, and motor 410 exports Axis is provided with fixed column between motor 410 and mounting plate 313 perpendicular to ground, specifically, fixed column is circular cylinder knot Structure, fixed column are coaxially movably set in 311 outside of guide post and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, the top of fixed column and electricity It is provided with fastener between motivation 410 and is fixedly connected between the two by fastener, the bottom end of fixed column and mounting plate 313 upper surface is fixedly connected.
The installation sleeve 420 is coaxially fixedly installed in the power output of 410 outer casing bottom of motor and motor 410 End is located in installation sleeve 420, offers the through-hole coaxially arranged with motor 410 on the mounting plate 313.
The auger spindle is provided with two groups and respectively auger spindle 1, auger spindle 2 440, and auger spindle 1 is coaxially fixedly mounted Turn hole, auger spindle 2 440 and auger spindle are coaxially arranged in the power output end of the power output end of motor 410, and auger spindle 1 It is provided with connecting component between one 430 and carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by connecting component, auger spindle 2 440 is along itself When axially displaced, auger spindle 1 is sustainable to 2 440 output power of auger spindle, it is preferred that connecting component is to be set to auger spindle Internal spline in one 430 turn holes, the external splines for being set to 2 440 power intake of auger spindle, the power output end of auger spindle 2 440 are worn It crosses through-hole and is located at 313 lower section of mounting plate, the drill bit 450 is coaxially installed on the power output end of auger spindle 2 440.
Depth adjustment device 500 is drawn in 450 lifting process of drill bit, due to passing through between auger spindle 1 and auger spindle 2 440 Connecting component carries out being connected by power transmitting, so that drill bit 450 is unaffected and normal drill.
The depth adjustment device 500 includes for being adjusted by worker's high-precision and can show the depth tune of drilling depth Complete machine structure synchronizes the adjustment that workpiece drills for drawing drilling equipment 400 according to the adjustment data of depth adjustment mechanism Mechanism.
The depth adjustment mechanism includes for by the coarse adjustment component 510 of worker's coarse adjustment, micro- for being finely tuned by worker Adjust component 520, for showing coarse adjustment/fine tuning result display member.
Aperture Matching installation has fixing sleeve, the display member position on the through-hole being opened on mounting plate 313 Deviate from the side on ground in fixing sleeve, display member includes fixing shell, display panel, and fixing shell is the shell knot of both ends open Structure, and the lower open end of fixing shell is fixedly installed in fixing sleeve, display panel is fixedly installed in the outside of fixing shell, fixed outer It is also provided with the stretching hole one for being right against display panel on shell, the stretching hole coaxially arranged with hole one is stretched out is offered on display panel Two.
The coarse adjustment component 510 is set to the side that display member deviates from ground, and coarse adjustment component 510 includes coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, coarse adjustment transferring element, coarse adjustment axis 518, coarse adjustment axis 518 is horizontally disposed, and coarse adjustment axis 518 is movably installed in fixing shell simultaneously It can axially be rotated around itself, and one end of coarse adjustment axis 518 stretches out hole two across stretching Kong Yiyu and is located at display panel away from fixation The side of shell, and the end is provided with coarse adjustment pointer.
The coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 is the cylindrical tube structure constituted by two groups in the coarse adjustment transcapsidation of semicolumn cylinder, and 511 both ends open of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder is simultaneously coaxially arranged with auger spindle 2 440, opens on the lower open end and fixing shell of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 Activity installation between mouth end, and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 can axially be rotated around itself.
The coarse adjustment transferring element is set in fixing shell, and coarse adjustment transferring element includes coarse adjustment gear ring 512, transmitting tooth One 513, gear shaft one is taken turns, installation part is provided between coarse adjustment gear ring 512 and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 and passes through installation part between the two It is coaxially fixedly mounted, gear shaft one is axially parallel to auger spindle 2 440 axially, and gear shaft one is movably installed in outside fixed It can be rotated in shell and axially around itself, transmission gear 1 is fixedly sheathed in one outside of gear shaft and nibbles with coarse adjustment gear ring 512 It closes.
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes coarse adjustment worm screw 514, coarse adjustment turbine 515, gear shaft two, coarse adjustment worm screw 514 It is fixedly and coaxially connected between gear shaft one, gear shaft two is axially parallel to coarse adjustment axis 518 axially, and two activity peace of gear shaft Loaded on can be rotated in fixing shell and axially around itself, coarse adjustment turbine 515 be fixedly sheathed in the outside of gear shaft two and with coarse adjustment snail Bar 514 engages.
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes transmission gear 2 516, coarse adjustment gear 517,2 516 fixing sleeve of transmission gear It is connected to outside gear shaft two, coarse adjustment gear 517 is fixedly sheathed in 518 outside of coarse adjustment axis and engages with transmission gear 2 516.
The coarse tuning process of coarse adjustment component 510, specifically: worker rotates coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 rotates and leads to Crossing coarse adjustment transferring element rotates coarse adjustment axis 518 axially around itself, and coarse adjustment axis 518 rotates and draws synchronous turn of coarse adjustment pointer Dynamic, worker can read coarse adjustment data by position of the coarse adjustment pointer on display panel.
The fine tuning component 520 is set to the side that coarse adjustment component 510 deviates from ground, and fine tuning component 520 includes fine tuning Rotating cylinder 521, fine tuning transferring element, fine adjustment shaft 528, fine adjustment shaft 528 are circular cylinder structure, the coaxial pivot bush unit of fine adjustment shaft 528 Outside coarse adjustment axis 318 and each autorotation of the two is non-interference, and one end of fine adjustment shaft 328 is located at display panel away from fixing shell Side, and the end is provided with fine tuning pointer.
The fine tuning rotating cylinder 521 is the cylindrical tube structure constituted by two groups in the fine tuning transcapsidation of semicolumn cylinder, and Finely tune 521 both ends open of rotating cylinder and, lower open end and the coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511 of fine tuning rotating cylinder 521 coaxially arranged with auger spindle 2 440 It is flexibly connected between upper open end, finely tunes and be flexibly connected between the upper open end and installation sleeve 420 of rotating cylinder 521, finely tune rotating cylinder 521 can axially rotate around itself.
The fine tuning transferring element includes fine tuning worm screw 522, fine tuning turbine 523, gear shaft three, and fine tuning worm screw 522 is same Axis offers slide opening, and fine tuning worm screw 522 is coaxially movably set in 2 440 outside of auger spindle and fine tuning worm screw 522 by slide opening can be around Itself is axially rotated, and each autorotation of the two is non-interference, finely tunes the top of worm screw 522 and the upper opening of fine tuning rotating cylinder 521 It carries out being connected by power transmitting in a manner of key connection between end, the bottom end of fine tuning worm screw 522 is located in fixing shell.
The gear shaft three is axially parallel to fine adjustment shaft 528 axially, and gear shaft three is movably installed in fixing shell And can axially be rotated around itself, fine tuning turbine 523 is fixedly sheathed in three outside of gear shaft and engages with fine tuning worm screw 522.
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear 3 524, transmission gear 4 525, gear shaft four, gear shaft four Be axially parallel to that fine adjustment shaft 528 is axial, and gear shaft four is movably installed in fixing shell and can axially rotate around itself, transmit Gear 3 524 is fixedly sheathed in outside gear shaft three, transmission gear 4 525 be fixedly sheathed in the outside of gear shaft four and with transmitting tooth Take turns 3 524 engagements.
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear 5 526, fine tuning gear 527,5 526 fixing sleeve of transmission gear It is connected to outside gear shaft four, fine tuning gear 527 is fixedly sheathed in 528 outside of fine adjustment shaft and engages with transmission gear 5 526.
The trim process of component 520 is finely tuned, specifically: worker rotates fine tuning rotating cylinder 521, the rotation of fine tuning rotating cylinder 521 and mistake Fine tuning transferring element rotates fine adjustment shaft 528 axially around itself, and fine adjustment shaft 528 rotates and draws fine tuning pointer and rotates synchronously, Worker can read out fine tuning data by position of the fine tuning pointer on display panel;
It, can be by thick when worker drives drilling equipment 400 to carry out the high-precision borehole of non-through hole by depth adjustment device 500 Pointer/position of the fine tuning pointer on display panel is adjusted to read institute's drilling depth in real time.
The adjustment synchronization mechanism includes for according to 450 liters of drill bit of coarse adjustment data sync pulling of coarse adjustment component 510 The coarse adjustment lockout member 530 of drop for the fine tuning data according to fine tuning component 520 and is synchronized and is led by coarse adjustment lockout member 530 Draw the fine tuning lockout member 540 of the lifting of drill bit 450.
The coarse adjustment lockout member 530 includes drive shaft 531, coarse adjustment knob set 412, and drive shaft 531 is circular cylinder Structure, the coaxial pivot bush unit of drive shaft 531 offer in drive shaft 531 for finely tuning worm screw outside fine tuning worm screw 522 The engaging hole engaged between 522 and fine tuning turbine 523, is provided with mounting rod and two between the bottom end and drill bit 450 of drive shaft 531 It is fixedly connected between person by mounting rod, guidance set one is provided between drive shaft 531 and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, specifically , guidance set one is the pilot hole for being set to guide protrusions one inside coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, being set to outside drive shaft 531 One, the slide-and-guide that channeling direction is constituted between guide protrusions one and pilot hole one perpendicular to ground cooperates.
The coarse adjustment knob set 532 is circular cylinder structure, and coarse adjustment knob set 532 is coaxially socketed on drive shaft 511 Outside is provided with screw element one and is connected between the two by screw element one between coarse adjustment knob set 532 and drive shaft 511 Connect, specifically, screw element one include be set to coarse adjustment knob set 532 inside internal screw thread one, be set to outside drive shaft 531 External screw thread one.
It is provided with guidance set two between the coarse adjustment knob set 532 and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, specifically, guidance set Two include the pilot hole two for being set to the guide protrusions two inside coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 511, being set to outside coarse adjustment knob set 532, is led Cooperate to slide-and-guide of the channeling direction perpendicular to ground is constituted between protrusion two and pilot hole two.
The top of the coarse adjustment knob set 532 is connect with fine tuning lockout member 540.
The synchronizing process of coarse adjustment lockout member 530, specifically: in 510 coarse tuning process of coarse adjustment component, due to coarse adjustment knob set 532 connect with fine tuning lockout member 540, rotate synchronously so that coarse adjustment rotating cylinder 311 rotates and draws coarse adjustment knob set 532, coarse adjustment Simultaneously traction drive axis 531 is axially moved the rotation of screw-casing 532 along itself, and drive shaft 531, which moves, simultaneously draws the synchronous fortune of drill bit 450 It is dynamic.
The fine tuning lockout member 540 is set in fine tuning rotating cylinder 521, and fine tuning lockout member 540 includes screw 541, traction casing 542 are covered, traction casing 542 is circular cylinder structure, the company of being provided between traction casing 542 and coarse adjustment knob set 532 Moving part and carried out between the two by moving part it is coaxially connected, specifically, moving part is semi-circular column structure, the one of moving part End covers 412 coaxial fixations with coarse adjustment knob, the other end is located at 412 lower section of coarse adjustment knob set and the end is provided with built-in step, even Moving part is provided with two groups and is symmetric about coarse adjustment knob set 532 is axial, step built in two groups and coarse adjustment knob set 532 it Between region be to interlock area, the top of traction casing 542, which is located at, to be interlocked in area and the end is provided with external step, external step and company It constitutes and is rotatably assorted between dynamic area, and 532 rotation of coarse adjustment knob set is not towed 542 interference of set.
The traction casing 542 is also coaxially socketed on outside drive shaft 531, is arranged between drive shaft 531 and traction casing 542 There is guidance set three, specifically, guidance set three includes being set to guide protrusions three inside traction casing 542, being set to driving Pilot hole three outside axis 531 constitutes channeling direction perpendicular to the slide-and-guide on ground between guide protrusions three and pilot hole three Cooperation.
The screw set 541 is circular cylinder structure, is provided between screw set 541 and traction casing 542 It screw element two and is attached between the two by screw element two, specifically, screw element two includes being set to screw set 51 The internal screw thread two of inside, the external screw thread two being set to outside traction casing 542.
The screw set 541 is also coaxially fixedly installed in fine tuning rotating cylinder 521.
The synchronizing process of lockout member 54 is finely tuned, specifically: in fine tuning 520 trim process of component, fine tuning rotating cylinder 521 is rotated And draw screw set 541 and rotate synchronously, screw set 541 rotates and draws traction casing 542 and transports along itself extending direction Dynamic, traction casing 542 moves and draws coarse adjustment knob set 532 and moves synchronously, so that drive shaft 531 be made to move synchronously, and makes drill bit 450 move synchronously therewith.
When actual borehole, worker is secured the workpiece against on workbench 230 by fixing piece 240, then by three-level to knife Device 300 is moved to drill bit 450 close to workpiece surface, is made by level-one tool setting device 100 and the cooperation of second level tool setting device 300 Workpiece boring point is moved to the underface of drill bit 450, that is, completes positioning alignment;
If drill as through hole, worker directly can move drill bit 450 by three-level tool setting device 300 and bore to workpiece Hole;
If drill as non-through hole, worker draws drill bit by adjusting coarse adjustment component 510 and by coarse adjustment lockout member 530 450 declines make coarse adjustment lockout member 530 continue to draw drill bit by adjusting fine tuning component 520 and by finely tuning lockout member 540 450 declines, while adjustment data can be read according to the position of coarse adjustment pointer, fine tuning pointer on display panel, which is For the hole depth to be drilled.

Claims (10)

1. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine, which is characterized in that it includes the pedestal for being horizontally installed to ground, for workpiece Hole-drilling system, the setting system for positioning alignment between hole-drilling system and Workpiece boring point of drilling processing are carried out, it is described Setting system is mounted on the base end face, and setting system includes filling for the level-one along horizontal length direction travelling workpiece to knife It sets, for the second level tool setting device along horizontal width direction travelling workpiece, the three-level for moving hole-drilling system along short transverse Tool setting device, the hole-drilling system are installed on three-level tool setting device, and hole-drilling system includes for drilling to workpiece Drilling equipment, the depth adjustment device for driving drilling equipment high-precision borehole;
The level-one tool setting device includes frame one, to knife screw rod one, shaft one, and frame one is fixedly installed in pedestal upper end Face, it is horizontally disposed to knife screw rod one, knife screw rod one is movably installed on frame one and can around itself axially rotate, shaft one with Knife screw rod one is coaxially fixedly mounted, and the free end of shaft one is provided with level-one handle.
2. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second level tool setting device Including frame two, to knife screw rod two, shaft two, workbench, frame two is located at the top of frame one, sets between frame two and frame one It is equipped with slide unit, slide unit includes the sliding slot being set on frame two, the slide protrusion that is set on frame one, is slided convex It rises and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation between sliding slot;
The frame two towards the side to knife screw rod one be provided with socket protrusion one, socket protrusion one with to knife screw rod one it Between be provided with screw and frame two-way is crossed screw and is installed on to outside knife screw rod one;
It is described horizontally disposed to knife screw rod two and it is axially perpendicular to axial to knife screw rod one, knife screw rod two is movably installed in It can be rotated on frame two and axially around itself, shaft two is fixedly mounted with to knife screw rod two is coaxial, and the free end of shaft two is set It is equipped with second level handle;
The workbench is located above frame two, and the bottom surface of workbench is provided with socket protrusion two, is socketed protrusion two and to knife It is provided with screw between screw rod two and workbench is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod two;
The workbench upper surface matching is provided with the fixing piece for fixing workpiece, and the upper surface of workbench is along to knife screw rod One axial array is provided with several groups sliding rail, and the channeling direction of sliding rail is parallel to knife screw rod two axially, and sliding rail runs through work For platform along the two sides axial to knife screw rod two, the fixing piece includes fixing bolt, fixture nut, fixed link, fixing bolt Matching installation is installed on outside fixing bolt in constituting slide-and-guide cooperation, fixture nut in sliding rail and between the two, fixed link On offer sleeve joint hole and fixed link is movably set in outside fixing bolt by sleeve joint hole, fixed link is located at fixture nut and work Make between platform, the fixing piece is provided with several groups.
3. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the three-level tool setting device Including the elevating mechanism for drawing hole-drilling system lifting, the guiding mechanism for being oriented to for elevating mechanism sage lifting;
The guiding mechanism includes guide member, mounting plate, and guide member includes guide post, to knife screw rod three, support spring, is led Column and ground is each perpendicular to the extending direction of knife screw rod three, and is both fixedly installed in pedestal upper surface;
The mounting plate is horizontally disposed, and guide hole, wire hole are offered on mounting plate, and mounting plate is movably set in by guide hole and is led Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted outside column and between the two, is opened in the wire hole of mounting plate and is provided with screw and mounting plate passes through silk Mother is installed on to outside knife screw rod three;
The support spring is sheathed on the portion of external that guide post is located at below mounting plate, and the elastic force of support spring makes mounting plate Ascendant trend is done along short transverse;
The guide member is provided with two groups, and is located at level-one tool setting device along the side axial to knife screw rod one, institute The guide hole being opened on mounting plate stated with wire hole is corresponding offers two groups;
The elevating mechanism includes installation shell, elevating endless screw, lifting turbine, shaft three, contradicts sleeve, and installation shell is one End opening, shell structure closed at one end, and closed end offers overlap aperture, installation shell are movably set in pair by overlap aperture Outside knife screw rod three, and shell aperture end is installed and is fixedly installed in mounting plate upper surface, the side for installing shell, which is also provided with, to be kept away Allow hole one;
The elevating endless screw is horizontally disposed, and elevating endless screw is movably installed in installation shell and can axially rotate around itself, turns Axis three is coaxially fixedly mounted with elevating endless screw, and one end of shaft three passes through avoid holes and is located at installation shell exterior together, and The end is provided with three-level handle;
The lifting turbine is installed on by screw to outside knife screw rod three, and is gone up and down turbine and engaged with elevating endless screw;
The conflict sleeve is movably set in outside knife screw rod three, and conflict sleeve is provided with two groups, wherein one group is located at and rises Drop turbine and installation closed termination of outer cover between, another group be located at lifting turbine and mounting plate between;
The elevating mechanism is correspondingly arranged on two groups.
4. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the three-level tool setting device It further include the elevation synchro drive for running simultaneously two groups of elevating mechanisms;
The installation shell is also provided with the avoid holes two coaxially arranged with avoid holes one, and the elevation synchro drive includes Shaft four, driving pulley, driven pulley, conveyer belt are fixedly and coaxially connected between shaft four and elevating endless screw, and shaft four from By holding across avoid holes two and being located at installation shell exterior, shaft four is correspondingly arranged on two groups;
The driving pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside one group of shaft four, and driven pulley is fixedly sheathed in outside another group of shaft four Portion, and carry out being connected by power transmitting by conveyer belt between driving pulley and driven pulley.
5. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 1 or 4, which is characterized in that the drilling equipment Including motor, installation sleeve, auger spindle, drill bit, motor output shaft is provided between motor and mounting plate perpendicular to ground Fixed column, fixed column are circular cylinder structure, and fixed column is coaxially movably set in outside guide post and constitutes sliding between the two and leads To cooperation, fastener is provided between the top and motor of fixed column and is fixedly connected between the two by fastener, The bottom end of fixed column is fixedly connected with the upper surface of mounting plate;
The installation sleeve is coaxially fixedly installed in motor casing bottom and the power output end of motor is located at installation set In cylinder, the through-hole coaxially arranged with motor is offered on the mounting plate;
The auger spindle is provided with two groups and respectively auger spindle one, auger spindle two, and auger spindle one is coaxially fixedly installed in the dynamic of motor Power output end, and the power output end of auger spindle one is coaxially arranged with turn hole, is provided with connecting component between auger spindle two and auger spindle one And carry out being connected by power transmitting between the two by connecting component, when auger spindle two is axially displaced along itself, auger spindle one can be held Continue to two output power of auger spindle, connecting component is the internal spline being set in one turn hole of auger spindle, is set to the input of two power of auger spindle The external splines at end, the power output end of auger spindle two pass through through-hole and are located at below mounting plate, and the drill bit is coaxially installed on brill The power output end of axis two.
6. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the depth adjustment device Including for being adjusted by worker's high-precision and can show the depth adjustment mechanism of drilling depth, for according to depth adjustment mechanism The adjustment synchronization mechanism that adjustment data traction drilling equipment drills to workpiece;
The depth adjustment mechanism include for by the coarse adjustment component of worker's coarse adjustment, the fine tuning component for being finely tuned by worker, For showing coarse adjustment/fine tuning result display member;
Aperture Matching installation has fixing sleeve on the through-hole being opened on mounting plate, and the display member is located at fixing sleeve Away from the side on ground, display member includes fixing shell, display panel, and fixing shell is the shell structure of both ends open, and solid The lower open end for determining shell is fixedly installed in fixing sleeve, and display panel is fixedly installed in the outside of fixing shell, goes back in fixing shell The stretching hole one for being right against display panel is offered, the stretching hole two coaxially arranged with hole one is stretched out is offered on display panel.
7. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the coarse adjustment component setting Deviate from the side on ground in display member, coarse adjustment component includes coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, coarse adjustment transferring element, coarse adjustment axis, and coarse adjustment axis is horizontal Arrangement, coarse adjustment axis is movably installed in fixing shell and can axially rotate around itself, and one end of coarse adjustment axis passes through and stretches out hole one Deviate from the side of fixing shell with stretching hole two and positioned at display panel, and the end is provided with coarse adjustment pointer;
The coarse adjustment rotating cylinder is the cylindrical tube structure that the coarse adjustment transcapsidation by two groups in semicolumn cylinder is constituted, and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder Both ends open is simultaneously coaxially arranged with auger spindle two, activity installation between the lower open end and fixing shell upper open end of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, And coarse adjustment rotating cylinder can axially be rotated around itself;
The coarse adjustment transferring element is set in fixing shell, and coarse adjustment transferring element includes coarse adjustment gear ring, transmission gear one, tooth Wheel shaft one is provided with installation part and carries out coaxial fixed peace by installation part between the two between coarse adjustment gear ring and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder Dress, gear shaft one to be axially parallel to auger spindle two axial, and gear shaft one is movably installed in fixing shell and can be around itself axis To rotation, transmission gear one is fixedly sheathed in one outside of gear shaft and engages with coarse adjustment gear ring;
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes coarse adjustment worm screw, coarse adjustment turbine, gear shaft two, between coarse adjustment worm screw and gear shaft one It is fixedly and coaxially connected, gear shaft two is axially parallel to coarse adjustment axis axial direction, and gear shaft two is movably installed in fixing shell simultaneously It can axially be rotated around itself, coarse adjustment turbine is fixedly sheathed in two outside of gear shaft and engages with coarse adjustment worm screw;
The coarse adjustment transferring element further includes transmission gear two, coarse adjustment gear, and transmission gear two is fixedly sheathed in gear shaft two Outside, coarse adjustment gear are fixedly sheathed in outside coarse adjustment axis and engage with transmission gear two.
8. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the fine tuning component setting Deviate from the side on ground in coarse adjustment component, fine tuning component includes fine tuning rotating cylinder, fine tuning transferring element, fine adjustment shaft, and fine adjustment shaft is ring Shape column structure, the coaxial pivot bush unit of fine adjustment shaft is outside coarse adjustment axis and each autorotation of the two is non-interference, one end of fine adjustment shaft Deviate from the side of fixing shell positioned at display panel, and the end is provided with fine tuning pointer;
The fine tuning rotating cylinder is the cylindrical tube structure constituted by two groups in the fine tuning transcapsidation of semicolumn cylinder, and finely tunes rotating cylinder Both ends open is simultaneously coaxially arranged with auger spindle two, and activity between the lower open end of rotating cylinder and the upper open end of coarse adjustment rotating cylinder of finely tuning connects It connects, finely tunes and be flexibly connected between the upper open end of rotating cylinder and installation sleeve, fine tuning rotating cylinder can axially be rotated around itself;
The fine tuning transferring element includes fine tuning worm screw, fine tuning turbine, gear shaft three, and fine tuning worm screw coaxially offers slide opening, Fine tuning worm screw is coaxially movably set in two outside of auger spindle by slide opening and fine tuning worm screw can axially rotate around itself, and the two is each Autorotation is non-interference, finely tunes and is connected by power in a manner of key connection between the top of worm screw and the upper open end of fine tuning rotating cylinder Transmitting, the bottom end for finely tuning worm screw is located in fixing shell;
The gear shaft three is axially parallel to fine adjustment shaft axial direction, and gear shaft three is movably installed in fixing shell and can be around certainly Body axially rotates, and fine tuning turbine is fixedly sheathed in three outside of gear shaft and engages with fine tuning worm screw;
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear three, transmission gear four, gear shaft four, and the axial direction of gear shaft four is parallel In fine adjustment shaft axial direction, gear shaft four is movably installed in fixing shell and can axially rotate around itself, three fixing sleeve of transmission gear It is connected to outside gear shaft three, transmission gear four is fixedly sheathed in four outside of gear shaft and engages with transmission gear three;
The fine tuning transferring element further includes transmission gear five, fine tuning gear, and transmission gear five is fixedly sheathed in gear shaft four Outside, fine tuning gear are fixedly sheathed in outside fine adjustment shaft and engage with transmission gear five.
9. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 7 or 8, which is characterized in that the adjustment is synchronous Mechanism includes coarse adjustment lockout member for being gone up and down according to the coarse adjustment data sync pulling drill bit of coarse adjustment component, for according to fine tuning The fine tuning data of component and the fine tuning lockout member gone up and down by coarse adjustment lockout member sync pulling drill bit;
The coarse adjustment lockout member includes drive shaft, coarse adjustment knob set, and drive shaft is circular cylinder structure, and drive shaft is coaxially lived It is dynamic to be socketed on outside fine tuning worm screw, and offered in drive shaft for finely tuning the engaging hole engaged between worm screw and fine tuning turbine, Mounting rod is provided between the bottom end and drill bit of drive shaft and is fixedly connected between the two by mounting rod, drive shaft and thick It turns and is provided with guidance set one between cylinder, guidance set one is to be set to guide protrusions one inside coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, be set to Pilot hole one outside drive shaft constitutes channeling direction perpendicular to the slide-and-guide on ground between guide protrusions one and pilot hole one Cooperation;
The coarse adjustment knob set is circular cylinder structure, and coarse adjustment knob set is coaxially socketed on outside drive shaft, coarse adjustment knob It is provided with screw element one between set and drive shaft and is attached between the two by screw element one, screw element one includes being set to Internal screw thread one, the external screw thread one that is set to outside drive shaft inside coarse adjustment knob set;
Guidance set two is provided between the coarse adjustment knob set and coarse adjustment rotating cylinder, guidance set two includes being set to coarse adjustment to turn The internal guide protrusions two of cylinder, be set to coarse adjustment knob cover outside pilot hole two, structure between guide protrusions two and pilot hole two Slide-and-guide at channeling direction perpendicular to ground cooperates;
The top of the coarse adjustment knob set is connect with fine tuning lockout member.
10. three-level feed high precision small drilling machine according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the synchronous structure of the fine tuning Part is set in fine tuning rotating cylinder, and fine tuning lockout member includes screw set, traction casing, and traction casing is circular cylinder structure, is led Draw and be provided with moving part between set and coarse adjustment knob set and carried out between the two by moving part coaxially connected, moving part is semi-ring Shape column structure, one end and the coarse adjustment knob of moving part cover coaxial fixation, the other end is located at coarse adjustment knob set lower section and the end is set It is equipped with built-in step, moving part is provided with two groups and is symmetric about coarse adjustment knob set is axial, step built in two groups and thick Adjusting the region between screw-casing is to interlock area, and the top of traction casing is located in gearing area and the end is provided with external step, external It constitutes and is rotatably assorted between step and gearing area, and coarse adjustment knob set rotation is not towed set interference;
The traction casing is also coaxially socketed on outside drive shaft, and guidance set three is provided between drive shaft and traction casing, is led It include the pilot hole three for being set to guide protrusions three inside traction casing, being set to outside drive shaft, guide protrusions to component three The slide-and-guide that channeling direction is constituted between three and pilot hole three perpendicular to ground cooperates;
The screw set is circular cylinder structure, is provided with screw element two and the two between screw set and traction casing Between be attached by screw element two, screw element two includes being set to internal screw thread two inside screw set, being set to and lead Draw the external screw thread two outside set;
The screw set is also coaxially fixedly installed in fine tuning rotating cylinder.
CN201910278722.6A 2019-04-09 2019-04-09 Three-level feed high precision small drilling machine Pending CN109940424A (en)

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CN111054942A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-04-24 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Intelligent carbon sliding plate drilling all-in-one machine with bidirectional clamping mechanism and operation method thereof
CN110871283A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-10 尹与瑗 Hand-cranking type steel plate drilling device for construction site
CN111536862A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-08-14 丽水市莲都区凯江云泽机械厂 Be used for machining work piece plane degree measuring device

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