CN109940239A - Transfer welder, robot welding system and welding method - Google Patents

Transfer welder, robot welding system and welding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109940239A
CN109940239A CN201910295899.7A CN201910295899A CN109940239A CN 109940239 A CN109940239 A CN 109940239A CN 201910295899 A CN201910295899 A CN 201910295899A CN 109940239 A CN109940239 A CN 109940239A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
imbrication
transfer
welding
welder
welded
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CN201910295899.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109940239B (en
Inventor
雷水德
曾庆礼
高宜江
杨洋
杨烨尧
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苏州德睿联自动化科技有限公司
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Publication of CN109940239A publication Critical patent/CN109940239A/en
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Abstract

The embodiment of the present invention discloses a kind of transfer welder, including microscope carrier and guide rail, microscope carrier is on setting guide rail and can move along rail length direction, microscope carrier includes stage body, support plate component and weld assembly, support plate component is for carrying and fixing imbrication piece, weld assembly is used for anchor leg, and imbrication piece is welded with lead in microscope carrier movement, microscope carrier is in the process of movement, imbrication piece is welded with lead, on the one hand it does not need that the manipulator for shifting imbrication component is arranged again, save the setting of manipulator, on the other hand the process of imbrication component transfer is saved, to substantially save the time, it improves efficiency, reducing in transfer process simultaneously may the damage caused by imbrication or imbrication component, improve the qualification rate and quality of product, present invention simultaneously provides the robot welding systems and welding of the application transfer welder Method.

Description

Transfer welder, robot welding system and welding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of welder of solar battery string, in particular to a kind of transfer for imbrication component is welded Connection device.
Background technique
With the continuous development of new energy, the product of photovoltaic industry is also constantly updating, the knot of general components Configuration formula has been unable to meet the demand in market, and imbrication component comes into being, and compared to traditional components, imbrication component has higher Performance and efficiency.
The production of imbrication component needs to weld multiple imbrication pieces, and currently used mode is to be incited somebody to action by manipulator Multiple imbrication pieces and lead are placed on welding bench, are again delivered soldered imbrication component by machine handgrip after the completion of welding It is detected to rear end, imbrication component after testing moves to next process by manipulator, needs in the whole welding process The process that imbrication piece or imbrication component are repeatedly grabbed, shift and discharged by manipulator, on the one hand be easy to cause imbrication Piece or the damage of imbrication component, on the other hand cause production efficiency low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of transfer welder, for completing imbrication piece, lead the transfer imbrication piece during Welding to improve production efficiency, while reducing the crawl, transfer and release process of manipulator, reduces imbrication piece and imbrication component Damage.
A kind of transfer welder, including microscope carrier and guide rail, the microscope carrier are arranged on guide rail, and can be along rail length Direction movement, the microscope carrier include stage body, support plate component and weld assembly, and the support plate component is for carrying and fixing folded Tile, the weld assembly include welded plate, thread depressing mechanism and welding mechanism, and the thread depressing mechanism is used for anchor leg, The welding mechanism is used to weld imbrication piece with lead in microscope carrier movement.
Further, the support plate component includes supporting plate and fixed device, and the fixation device includes that setting is being held in the palm Adsorption hole and negative pressure device on plate, for forming the fixed imbrication piece of negative pressuren zone on supporting plate.
Further, the thread depressing mechanism is arranged on welded plate, and the thread depressing mechanism includes presser feet, pivot and work Dynamic device, the presser feet are connected on welded plate by pivotally supported, and the acting device is connect with presser feet, for driving The presser feet around the pivot axis rotation is moved, the acting device includes operating bar, and the presser feet rotation is connected to work In lever, the presser feet is provided with multiple first teeth, and operating bar is provided with multiple second teeth, the first tooth and the second tooth engagement.
Further, it is additionally provided with container on the welded plate, for accommodating presser feet, and when presser feet is contained in accommodating When slot, presser feet does not protrude from welded plate upper surface.
Further, the support plate component has multiple, and each support plate component includes multiple supporting plates, described Stage body includes sliding rail, and the movable setting of the welded plate is on the slide rail.
The present invention also provides a kind of robot welding system simultaneously, is moving including above-mentioned transfer welder, and setting Solder flux spray module, the tie rod module for carrying welder upstream, are arranged in the conveyor module in transfer welder downstream, Yi Jishe Set multiple manipulators between welding spray module, tie rod module, transfer welder, conveyor module.
Further, the welding spray module includes first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and spray equipment, described Second conveyer belt is arranged in the downstream of first conveyer belt, and the first conveyer belt includes first end and second end, and described Two conveyer belts include third end and the 4th end, and the third end of second conveyer belt is set adjacent to the second end of first conveyer belt It sets, and includes interstitial area between third end and second end, the spray equipment is arranged in interstitial area.
Further, the spray equipment includes first jet and second nozzle, and the first jet and second are sprayed Mouth interval is oppositely arranged, and first jet is located at the top of the first conveyor surface of first conveyer belt, and second nozzle is located at the first conveying Lower section with the first conveyor surface, the spray equipment further include a gearshift, and the first jet is set with second nozzle It sets on gearshift, the gearshift is for driving the first jet, second nozzle along perpendicular to the first conveying The direction of tape feeding direction moves.
Further, at least two groups of the transfer welder, and the microscope carrier of two groups of transfer welders is alternately transported It is dynamic.
The present invention also provides a kind of welding method using above-mentioned transfer welder simultaneously, including, above-mentioned transfer is provided Welder, and put imbrication piece on supporting plate and put lead on welded plate, microscope carrier is moved along rail length direction, and Imbrication piece and lead are welded in microscope carrier motion process.
The utility model has the advantages that the embodiment of the present invention discloses a kind of transfer welder, including microscope carrier and guide rail, microscope carrier are led in setting It can move on rail and along rail length direction, microscope carrier includes stage body, support plate component and weld assembly, and support plate component is for carrying simultaneously Fixed imbrication piece, weld assembly is used for anchor leg, and welds to imbrication piece with lead in microscope carrier movement, and microscope carrier is being transported In dynamic process, imbrication piece is welded with lead, does not on the one hand need that the machinery for shifting imbrication component is arranged again Hand saves the setting of manipulator, on the other hand saves the process of imbrication component transfer, to substantially save the time, improves Efficiency, at the same reduce in transfer process may the damage caused by imbrication or imbrication component, improve the qualification rate and quality of product, Present invention simultaneously provides the robot welding systems and welding method of the application transfer welder.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 robot welding system stereoscopic schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 a is Fig. 1 top view;
Fig. 2 b is Fig. 1 left view;
Fig. 3 is the area A enlarged diagram in Fig. 2 a;
Fig. 4 is the area Tu3Zhong B enlarged diagram;
Fig. 5 is the area Tu3Zhong B stereoscopic schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 a is thread depressing mechanism schematic diagram in the present embodiment;
Fig. 6 b is diagrammatic cross-section at D-D in Fig. 6 a;
Fig. 7 a is thread depressing mechanism schematic diagram in another embodiment;
Fig. 7 b is diagrammatic cross-section at E-E in Fig. 7 a.
Description of symbols:
Rack 10
Solder flux spray module 11
Spray equipment 111
First jet 1111
Second nozzle 1112
First conveyer belt 112
Second conveyer belt 113
Interstitial area 114
Gearshift 115
Transfer welder 12
Microscope carrier 121
Stage body 1210
Support plate component 1211
Supporting plate 12110
Adsorption hole 12111
Weld assembly 1212
Welded plate 12120,22120
Presser feet 12121,22121
Coil 12122
Operating bar 12123,22123
Pivot 12124,22124
Line pressing portion 12125,22125
Interconnecting piece 12126,22126
Crimping end 12127,22127
Through slot 12128
Container 22128
First tooth 22129
Second tooth 22130
Guide rail 122
First manipulator 13
Tie rod module 14
Second manipulator 15
Third manipulator 16
EL detection module 17
Conveyor module 18
Imbrication piece 20
Lead 21.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to examples.
Unless otherwise defined, the technical term or scientific term used herein should be in disclosure fields and has The ordinary meaning that the personage of general technical ability is understood.Used in disclosure patent application specification and claims " the One ", " second " and similar word do not represent the connection of any sequence, quantity or machinery, but indicate exist at least One." connection " either the similar word such as " connected " is not limited to physics or mechanical connection, but may include Electrical connection, it is either direct or indirect."upper", "lower", "left", "right" etc. are only used for indicating that relative position is closed System, after being described the change of object absolute position, then this first also changes positional relationship accordingly.
The present invention provides a kind of transfer welder 12, please refers to Fig. 3-Fig. 5, and Fig. 3 shows offer of the embodiment of the present invention Transfer welder 12 top view, Fig. 4 shows partial enlargement diagram in transfer welder 12, and Fig. 5 shows Fig. 4 The stereoscopic schematic diagram of position, the transfer welder 12 are generally arranged in robot welding system, for imbrication piece 20 And lead 21 carries out welding and forms imbrication component.
The transfer welder 12 includes guide rail 122 and microscope carrier 121, and the guide rail 122 is generally arranged at automatically In the rack 10 of welding system, the guide rail 122 is in long strip, including length direction, the movable setting of microscope carrier 121 On guide rail 122, and it can be moved along 122 length direction of guide rail.
The microscope carrier 121 further includes driving device, for driving microscope carrier 121 to move along 122 length direction of guide rail, institute The driving device stated includes idler wheel (not shown) and the power device (not shown) connecting with idler wheel, is driven and is rolled by power device Wheel is moved along 122 length direction of guide rail.
In a further embodiment, the guide rail 122 is also possible to lead screw, and the microscope carrier 121 includes and lead screw The nut matched is rotated by lead screw so that microscope carrier 121 is moved along lead screw length direction.
The microscope carrier 121 includes stage body 1210 and the support plate component 1211 and weld assembly that are arranged on stage body 1210 1212, the support plate component 1211 includes an at least supporting plate 12110, and the supporting plate 12110 is laid on stage body 1210, institute The supporting plate 12110 stated includes upper surface, for being laid with imbrication piece 20 in 12110 upper surface of supporting plate, it is possible to understand that, the support 12110 upper surface of plate is parallel to the horizontal plane, so that imbrication piece 20 can be stable is laid on 12110 upper surface of supporting plate.
Further, the support plate component 1211 further includes fixed device, for being laid on 12110 upper surface of supporting plate Imbrication piece 20 be fixed, it is on the one hand convenient that imbrication piece 20 and lead 21 are welded, on the other hand prevent imbrication piece 20 It is subjected to displacement in 121 motion process of microscope carrier, causes the damage of imbrication piece 20 or causes failure welding.
Further, the fixation device includes the adsorption hole 12111 and and adsorption hole being arranged on supporting plate 12110 The negative pressure device (not shown) of 12111 connections, for forming negative pressuren zone in 12110 upper surface of supporting plate, when imbrication piece 20 is laid on When 12110 upper surface of supporting plate, it is fixed on supporting plate 12110 under the action of negative pressure.
Further, in order to adapt to the imbrication piece 20 of different size, prevent excessive negative pressure from imbrication piece 20 being caused to damage, or Too small negative pressure causes imbrication piece 20 to occur unexpected displacement in 121 motion process of microscope carrier, the adsorption hole 12111 with Negative pressure adjusting device is additionally provided between negative pressure device.
It should be understood that the negative pressure device can be vacuum pump, the negative pressure adjusting device can be with valve or true Sky pump regulating device.
Further, the adsorption hole 12111 arranges on support plate in array.
It should be understood that the fixation device may be other devices, such as press holder.
The weld assembly 1212 adjacent to support plate component 1211 be arranged, be used for anchor leg 21, and to imbrication piece 20 with Lead 21 is welded, and the weld assembly 1212 includes welded plate 12120, thread depressing mechanism and welding mechanism.
The side of supporting plate 12110 is arranged in the welded plate 12120, and abuts with supporting plate 12110, to facilitate support folded Tile 20, it is possible to understand that, the welded plate 12120 includes upper surface, 12120 upper surface of welded plate and supporting plate 12110 upper surfaces flush.
The thread depressing mechanism is arranged on welded plate 12120, anchor leg 21 is used for, please also refer to Fig. 6 a and figure 6b, Fig. 6 a show welded plate 12120 and thread depressing mechanism schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention, and Fig. 6 b is shown in Fig. 6 a Schematic cross-section at D-D, the thread depressing mechanism include presser feet 12121, pivot 12124 and acting device, the presser feet 12121 include line pressing portion 12125 and interconnecting piece 12126, and the line pressing portion 12125 is substantially inverted u-shaped including spaced Both ends, wherein one end is crimping end 12127, and the other end is connect with interconnecting piece 12126, in the present embodiment, the interconnecting piece 12126 is substantially rod-shaped in one, and the interconnecting piece 12126 is connected on welded plate 12120 by what pivot 12124 rotated, and The interconnecting piece 12126 is connected on acting device far from what one end of line pressing portion 12125 rotated, when acting device moves When, the rotation of 12125 around the pivot of line pressing portion, 12124 axis is driven, so that the pressure of line pressing portion 12125 and line pressing portion 12125 Line end 12127 is in company with rotation, when crimping end 12127 is moved to close to 12120 upper surface direction of welded plate, in welded plate 12120 When upper storing has lead 21, the crimping end 12127 contradicts lead 21, and lead 21 is pressed the table on welded plate 12120 Face, when crimping end 12127 is moved to separate 12120 upper surface direction of welded plate, on crimping end 12127 and welded plate 12120 Surface separation, so that lead 21 can be placed in the gap between 12120 upper surface of crimping end 12127 and welded plate Or imbrication component is detached from from 12120 upper surface of welded plate.
Further, through slot 12128 is provided on the welded plate 12120, the interconnecting piece 12126 is threaded through logical In slot 12128.
Further, it includes operating bar 12123 that the presser feet 12121, which has multiple, described acting devices, and described is more A presser feet 12121 is connected on operating bar 12123, when operating bar 12123 moves, the synchronous fortune of multiple presser feets 12121 It is dynamic.
Preferably, the acting device is cylinder, and the operating bar 12123 is piston.Certainly in other embodiments In, the acting device may be the devices such as hydraulic cylinder, linear motor, electromagnet.
Further, please refer to Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b, Fig. 7 a show welded plate 22120 in second embodiment of the invention and Thread depressing mechanism schematic diagram, Fig. 7 b show E-E schematic cross-section in Fig. 7 a, in a second embodiment, the interconnecting piece 22126 It is substantially fan-shaped, wherein fan-shaped end face is provided with multiple first teeth 22129, and acting device includes operating bar 22123, described Operating bar 22123 includes several second teeth 22130, wherein the second tooth 22130 is engaged with the first tooth 22129, when operating bar 22123 When movement, 22126 around the pivot of interconnecting piece, the 22124 axis rotation, so that crimping end 22127 is to close to welded plate 22120 upper surfaces direction are moved far from 22120 upper surface direction of welded plate, it is possible to understand that, in the present embodiment, when welding When being provided with lead on fishplate bar 22120, operating bar 22123 drives 22121 around the pivot of presser feet, 22124 axis to rotate counterclockwise, and So that crimping end 22127 contradicts lead and by lead pressure holding on 22120 upper surface of welded plate, when operating bar 22123 is along opposite When direction moves, driving 22121 around the pivot of presser feet, 22124 axis is rotated in the clockwise direction, and crimping end 22127 is released to lead Pressure holding or make crimping end 22127 and 22120 upper surface of welded plate form gap.
Further, it is additionally provided with container 22128 on the welded plate 22120, for accommodating line pressing portion 22125, It is away from each other on the welded plate 22120 of side specifically, the container 22128 is arranged in crimping end 22127, works as line pressing portion 22125 being rotated by acting device, and towards crimping end 22127 far from 22120 upper surface direction of welded plate rotate when, pressure In the receiving to container 22128 of line portion 22125, so that presser feet 22121 will not protrude from 22120 upper surface of welded plate, from And adapt to the welding of more diverse imbrication component.
It should be understood that the shape of opening shape, size and the depth of the container 22128 and presser feet 22121 with Size matches, so that presser feet 22121 can accommodate completely to container 22128.
The weld assembly 1212 further includes welding mechanism, described for welding to imbrication piece 20 and lead 21 Weld assembly 1212 be electromagnetic induction welder, specifically, the weld assembly 1212 include coil 12122 and and line The power module (not shown) of 12122 connection of circle, the coil 12122 is arranged in 12120 upper surface of welded plate, and is disposed around Thread depressing mechanism periphery, when putting on support plate and welded plate 12120 has imbrication piece 20 and lead 21, coil 12122 is in power supply High-frequency vortex is generated under the action of module to heat the imbrication piece 20 for being located at welding position with lead 21, weld.
It should be understood that the coil 12122 and power module can be configured according to actual needs, herein no longer It repeats.
Further, the weld assembly 1212 further includes preheating mechanism, for welding position imbrication piece 20 with Lead 21 is preheated, to improve welding efficiency and quality, the preheating mechanism includes heater, and the heater can Think that electrical heating elements, the electrical heating elements can be heating wire, ptc heater etc., naturally it is also possible to for heating oil pipe Deng.
Further, the preheating mechanism is arranged on welded plate 12120, specifically, the welded plate 12120 wraps An accommodating space is included, the preheating mechanism is arranged in the accommodating space, so that welded plate 12120 is heated, thus Realize preheating.
Preferably, the heating temperature of the preheating mechanism is 170 DEG C.
Further, the preheating mechanism further includes having temperature sensor and controller, is stablized with controlling preheating temperature At 170 DEG C.
Further, the weld assembly 1212 has multiple, described support plate components 1211 also to have multiple, and described is more A weld assembly 1212 is successively arranged alternately with multiple support plate components 1211, i.e. welding group is respectively set in 1211 two sides of support plate component Part 1212 easily needs the position welded to weld, without mobile imbrication piece 20 and lead to realize to multiple 21, in addition can also the imbrication component to different size weld.
Further, in order to adapt to more different lengths or different size imbrication component welding, each load Board group part 1211 includes multiple supporting plates 12110, and the supporting plate 12110 includes spaced first side and second side, described Multiple supporting plates 12110 be successively laid with, it is described successively to refer to adjacent 12110 second side of latter supporting plate and adjacent previous support First side of plate 12110 abuts, when the length for needing to change support plate component 1211 is to adapt to different imbrication pieces 20, Ke Yitong Cross the one or more supporting plates 12110 of replacement, thus easier implementation specification change and adaptive surface it is wider.
Further, the welded plate 12120 is movable is arranged on stage body 1210, when the rule of change supporting plate 12110 When lattice, mobile welded plate 12120 makes welded plate 12120 still maintain the abutting with supporting plate 12110, so that supporting plate 12110 are able to maintain carrying imbrication piece 20 with welded plate 12120.
Further, the stage body 1210 includes sliding rail, and the sliding rail includes length direction, the welded plate 12120 movable settings on the slide rail, when the change of the specification of supporting plate 12110, make 12120 edge of welded plate under external force Sliding rail length direction is moved to close to 12110 direction of supporting plate to abut supporting plate 12110, certainly when the support for needing replacing different size When plate 12110, it is only necessary to far from the mobile welded plate 12120 in 12110 direction of supporting plate, so that the easy quilt of supporting plate 12110 It takes out, it is possible to understand that, it is additionally provided with clamp device on the welded plate 12120 and supporting plate 12110, is used for welded plate 12120 and supporting plate 12110 be fixed on stage body 1210, prevent welded plate 12120 and the unexpected movement of supporting plate 12110, institute The clamp device stated can be bolt, buckle etc..
Further, the stage body 1210 further includes frame, and the frame, which encloses, is set as an accommodation space, the cunning Rail is arranged on frame, and the power module is arranged in accommodation space, certain other desired device, as power device, Negative pressure device, negative pressure adjusting device etc. can also be arranged in accommodation space, to save the space of transfer welder 12 With the setting for facilitating robot welding system.
It should be understood that lead 21 is seated on welded plate 12120 when imbrication piece 20 to be laid on supporting plate 12110, During microscope carrier 121 is moved along guide rail 122, welding mechanism can simultaneously be welded imbrication piece 20 and lead 21, one side It does not need that the manipulator for shifting imbrication component is arranged again, so that the setting of manipulator is saved, on the other hand in transfer It is welded simultaneously in journey, the process that can save the transfer of an imbrication component improves efficiency to substantially save the time, adopts With its welding efficiency of transfer welder 12 improve 25% or more, in a specific embodiment welding efficiency from 30000pcs/h is improved to 40000pcs/h, additionally, due to a transfer process is saved, to further decrease in transfer process It may be damaged caused by imbrication piece 20 or imbrication component, improve the qualification rate and quality of product.
Further, it please also refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention also provides a kind of robot welding systems, for imbrication group Part carries out automatic welding, and the robot welding system further includes that the solder flux spray module of 12 upstream of transfer welder is arranged in 11, the conveyor module 18 in 12 downstream of transfer welder, and setting is arranged in welding spray module, drawing in tie rod module 14 Module 14, transfer welder 12, multiple manipulators between conveyor module 18.
The solder flux spray module 11 is used in the scheduled position welding flux spraying of imbrication piece 20, so that imbrication piece 20, lead 21 realizes welding.
The welding spray module includes first conveyer belt 112, the second conveyer belt 113 and spray equipment 111, described Second conveyer belt 113 is arranged in the downstream of first conveyer belt 112, and the first conveyer belt 112 includes the first conveyor surface, and second Conveyer belt 113 includes the second conveyor surface, and first conveyer belt 112 described in the is identical as the conveying direction of the second conveyer belt 113, the One conveyor surface is flushed with the second conveyor surface, so that imbrication piece 20 can be transferred to the second conveyer belt from first conveyer belt 112 113, the first conveyer belt 112 includes first end and second end, and second conveyer belt 113 includes third end and the 4th The third end at end, second conveyer belt 113 is arranged adjacent to the second end of first conveyer belt 112, and third end and second end Between include interstitial area 114, the described setting of spray equipment 111 is in interstitial area 114, for spraying to the scheduled position of imbrication piece 20 Apply solder flux, it is possible to understand that, the predetermined position is the end face of imbrication piece 20.
Specifically, the imbrication piece 20 includes conveying towards the front end of 112 second end of first conveyer belt and towards first With 112 rear end, when putting imbrication piece 20 in first conveyer belt 112, first conveyer belt 112 is by the downward roam all around the would of imbrication piece 20 To conveying, and when making the front end of imbrication piece 20 close to spray equipment 111, spray equipment 111 can be to the front end of imbrication piece 20 Welding flux spraying, when imbrication piece 20 is transferred to the second conveyer belt 113, the rear end of imbrication piece 20 is transported to 113 direction of the second conveyer belt When moving, and making the rear end of imbrication piece 20 close to spray equipment 111, rear end welding flux spraying of the spray equipment 111 to imbrication piece 20.
Further, the spray equipment 111 includes first jet 1111 and second nozzle 1112, the first jet 1111 are oppositely arranged with the interval of second nozzle 1112, and described being oppositely arranged refers to first jet 1111 and second nozzle 1112 It sprays contrary, and is the direction that is directed towards, is conveyed specifically, first jet 1111 is located at first conveyer belt 112 first The top in face, spraying direction are towards the first conveyor surface direction, and second nozzle 1112 is located at 112 first conveyor surface of first conveyer belt Lower section, and spraying direction is towards the first conveyor surface direction, so that first jet 1111 and second nozzle 1112 can To the equal welding flux spraying of upper and lower surface of 20 front end of imbrication piece or rear end.
Further, the spray equipment 111 further includes a gearshift 115, the first jet 1111 and Two nozzles 1112 are arranged on gearshift 115, and the gearshift 115 is for driving the first jet 1111, the Two nozzles 1112 are moved along the direction perpendicular to 112 conveying direction of first conveyer belt, so that first jet 1111 and second Nozzle 1112 can be to 20 end face of imbrication piece along the equal welding flux spraying of its width direction.More specifically, when imbrication piece 20 is defeated first It send under the conveying of device, when nose motion to predetermined position, gearshift 115 is along being parallel to 20 width direction of imbrication piece fortune It is dynamic, and first jet 1111 and second nozzle 1112 carry out welding flux spraying to 20 front end of imbrication piece simultaneously, likewise, working as imbrication piece When 20 rear ends move to predetermined position, gearshift 115 is moved along 20 width direction of imbrication piece is parallel to, and first jet 1111 With second nozzle 1112 simultaneously to 20 front end of imbrication piece carry out welding flux spraying so that 20 front end of imbrication piece, rear end it is entire The upper and lower surface of width direction can effective welding flux spraying.
The gearshift 115 can be screw nut device, linear motor, electromagnet, cylinder, hydraulic cylinder isoline Telecontrol equipment, naturally it is also possible to be configured according to actual needs, details are not described herein.
Further, the spray equipment 111 have two groups, two groups described in spray equipment 111 be separately positioned on second The both ends of conveyer belt 113, when imbrication piece 20 makes its front end, rear end move to two groups of sprays respectively in the case where the support of the second conveyer belt carries When near coating device 111, the front end to imbrication piece 20 and rear end carry out welding flux spraying to two groups of spray equipments 111 respectively, thus Further increase spray efficiency.
The tie rod module 14 is used to form the lead 21 of predetermined shape, and the tie rod module 14 is filled including tie rod It sets, the strip device can be various strip devices in the prior art, and details are not described herein.
The conveyor module 18 for the imbrication component welded by transfer welder 12 to be delivered to downstream, with into The further processing of row, is such as packed.The conveyor module 18 includes conveying device, and the conveying device is a Belt Conveying Device, naturally it is also possible to use other conveying devices, such as flat plate conveying device according to actual needs.
Multiple manipulators include the first machine being arranged between solder flux spray module 11 and transfer welder 12 Tool hand 13, for the imbrication piece 20 for passing through the spray coated solder flux of spray equipment 111 to be transferred to supporting plate 12110, and setting exists The second manipulator 15 between tie rod module 14 and transfer welder 12, the lead 21 for forming strip device are transferred to On welded plate 12120, and the third manipulator 16 being arranged between transfer welder 12 and conveyor module 18, for will be through The imbrication component for crossing the welding of transfer welder 12 is transferred in conveying device.
The manipulator includes displacement component and the Suction cup assembly that is arranged on displacement component, the Suction cup assembly Including suction cup carrier and the multiple suckers being arranged in suction cup carrier, for grabbing or discharging imbrication piece 20 or lead in scheduled position 21 or imbrication component, the displacement component includes two axis or three-axis displacing device 115, so that displacement component can be along two Axis or three-axis moving so that described displacement component driving Suction cup assembly is moved to scheduled position, two axis or Three-axis displacing device 115 can be configured according to actual needs, and details are not described herein.
Further, the robot welding system further includes module of reforming, and the module setting of reforming is welded in transfer The upstream of connection device 12, for grabbing imbrication piece 20 from solder flux spray module 11 by the first manipulator 13 and being transferred to supporting plate It when on 12110, reforms to imbrication piece 20, so that transfer welder 12 is welded to imbrication piece 20 and lead 21 When connecing, imbrication piece 20 is located at predetermined position.
In the present embodiment, the module of reforming includes image acquiring device, predetermined labels and controller, the figure As acquisition device is used to obtain the image information between imbrication piece 20 and predetermined labels, controller comparison 20 figure of imbrication piece Picture and predetermined labels, and the adjustment distance that imbrication piece 20 needs to adjust is obtained, and make 13 adjustment of displacement distance of the first manipulator, So that imbrication piece 20 is located at predetermined position.
Further, the image acquiring device is CCD camera.
Further, the robot welding system further includes the EL detection module that 12 downstream of transfer welder is arranged in 17, for carrying out EL detection to the imbrication component by welding.
Further, the robot welding system includes at least two groups transfer welder 12, and two groups of transfer welderings 121 alternating movement of microscope carrier of connection device 12, i.e., ought the microscope carrier 121 of wherein one group of transfer welder 12 spray mould from neighbouring solder flux 11 position of block is moved along 122 length direction of guide rail to neighbouring 18 position of conveyor module, and to the imbrication piece being placed on microscope carrier 121 20 with lead 21 when being welded, wherein the microscope carrier 121 of another group of transfer welder 12 be blank state, and from neighbouring defeated 18 position of module is sent to move to neighbouring 11 position of solder flux spray module, it is possible to understand that, it welds and fills when one of them transfer It sets and puts imbrication piece 20 on 12 microscope carrier 121 and while lead 21, in the microscope carrier of wherein another transfer welder 12 Imbrication component is removed on 121, to further increase the efficiency of robot welding system.
Further, the present invention also provides a kind of welding methods using above-mentioned transfer welder 12, including, it provides The transfer welder 12 stated, and put imbrication piece 20 on supporting plate 12110 and put lead 21 on welded plate 12120, The microscope carrier 121 of transfer welder 12 is moved along 122 length direction of guide rail, and imbrication piece is welded in 121 motion process of microscope carrier 20 with lead 21.
Further, when being additionally provided with solder flux spray equipment 111 in 12 upstream of transfer welder, in solder flux spray module It further include to 20 welding flux spraying of imbrication piece and will be through when being additionally provided with the first manipulator 13 between 11 and transfer welder 12 The imbrication piece 20 for crossing welding flux spraying is transferred to step on the supporting plate 12110 of transfer welder 12.
It further, further include being carried out to imbrication piece 20 when 12 upstream of transfer welder, which is additionally provided with, reforms module The step of reforming.
It further, further include to imbrication component when 12 downstream of transfer welder is additionally provided with EL detection module 17 The step of carrying out EL detection.
Further, when 12 downstream of transfer welder is additionally provided with conveyor module 18 and in conveyor module 18 and transfer It further include that third manipulator 16 will be folded on transfer welder 12 when being additionally provided with third manipulator 16 between welder 12 Watt component is transferred to EL detection module 17, and the step that conveyor module 18 will be transferred to by the qualified imbrication component of EL detection Suddenly, it is possible to understand that, the third manipulator 16 can also will detect underproof imbrication component by EL and be transferred to other Presumptive area, such as unqualified area, reparation area.
Further, the transfer welder 12 has two groups, and the microscope carrier 121 of two groups of transfer welders 12 is handed over For movement.
Mode the above is only the implementation of the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all to utilize this Equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content, it is relevant to be applied directly or indirectly in other Technical field is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of transfer welder, for being welded to imbrication piece with lead, which is characterized in that including microscope carrier and guide rail, The microscope carrier is arranged on guide rail, and can move along rail length direction, and the microscope carrier includes stage body, support plate component and weldering Connected components, the support plate component for carrying and fixing imbrication piece, the weld assembly include welded plate, thread depressing mechanism and Welding mechanism, the thread depressing mechanism be used for anchor leg, the welding mechanism be used for microscope carrier movement when to imbrication piece with Lead is welded.
2. transfer welder as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the support plate component includes supporting plate and fixed dress It sets, the fixation device includes the adsorption hole and negative pressure device being arranged on supporting plate, solid for forming negative pressuren zone on supporting plate Determine imbrication piece.
3. transfer welder as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the thread depressing mechanism is arranged on welded plate, The thread depressing mechanism includes presser feet, pivot and acting device, and the presser feet is connected on welded plate by pivotally supported, The acting device is connect with presser feet, and for driving the presser feet around the pivot axis to rotate, the acting device includes Operating bar, the presser feet rotation are connected on operating bar, and the presser feet is provided with multiple first teeth, and operating bar is provided with Multiple second teeth, the first tooth and the second tooth engagement.
4. transfer welder as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that it is additionally provided with container on the welded plate, For accommodating presser feet, and when presser feet is contained in accommodation groove, presser feet does not protrude from welded plate upper surface.
5. transfer welder as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the support plate component has multiple, and each institute The support plate component stated includes multiple supporting plates, and the stage body includes sliding rail, and the movable setting of the welded plate is on the slide rail.
6. a kind of robot welding system, which is characterized in that including transfer welder as described in claim 1, and setting Solder flux spray module, tie rod module in transfer welder upstream, are arranged in the conveyor module in transfer welder downstream, with And welding spray module, tie rod module, transfer welder, multiple manipulators between conveyor module are set.
7. robot welding system as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the welding spray module includes the first conveying The downstream of first conveyer belt, first conveying is arranged in band, the second conveyer belt and spray equipment, second conveyer belt Band includes first end and second end, and second conveyer belt includes third end and the 4th end, and the of second conveyer belt Three ends are arranged adjacent to the second end of first conveyer belt, and include interstitial area, the spray equipment between third end and second end It is arranged in interstitial area.
8. robot welding system as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the spray equipment includes first jet and Two nozzles, the first jet are oppositely arranged with second nozzle interval, and first jet is located at the conveying of first conveyer belt first The top in face, second nozzle are located at the lower section of the first conveyor surface of first conveyer belt, and the spray equipment further includes displacement dress It sets, the first jet and second nozzle are arranged on gearshift, and the gearshift is for driving described first Nozzle, second nozzle are moved along the direction perpendicular to first conveyer belt conveying direction.
9. robot welding system as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that at least two groups of the transfer welder, And the microscope carrier alternating movement of two groups of transfer welders.
10. a kind of welding method for applying transfer welder as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that including, provide as Transfer welder described in claim 1, and put imbrication piece on supporting plate and put lead, microscope carrier edge on welded plate The movement of rail length direction, and imbrication piece and lead are welded in microscope carrier motion process.
CN201910295899.7A 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Transfer welding device, automatic welding system and welding method Active CN109940239B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102294550A (en) * 2011-08-25 2011-12-28 江苏爱动力自动化设备有限公司 Full-automatic solar cell single-welding machine
CN202461746U (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-10-03 无锡尚德太阳能电力有限公司 Solar cell welding machine
CN105537718A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-04 秦皇岛憧憬科技有限公司 Photovoltaic cell series welding machine
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