CN109928120A - The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress - Google Patents

The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109928120A
CN109928120A CN201910344608.9A CN201910344608A CN109928120A CN 109928120 A CN109928120 A CN 109928120A CN 201910344608 A CN201910344608 A CN 201910344608A CN 109928120 A CN109928120 A CN 109928120A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
dustbin
coaster
compression set
hinged
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201910344608.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
向伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING YUJIE SANITATION FACILITIES Co.,Ltd.
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Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing University of Science and Technology filed Critical Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201910344608.9A priority Critical patent/CN109928120A/en
Publication of CN109928120A publication Critical patent/CN109928120A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses the seperated lifting type garbage compressor stations of preceding dress, including fixed frame, fixed frame column is walking guide rail, walking guide rail is equipped with the compression set that gathers materials, including coaster, material-gathering device and compression set, the hinged rubbish material collecting device in material-gathering device front end, driving turnover mechanism is equipped between both ends and coaster, coaster or so lateral surface is equipped with cylinder support and master arm support, drive turnover mechanism hinged by cylinder support and master arm support and coaster, fixed frame lower end is equipped with lower beam, coaster and lower beam are equipped with coaster cylinder support and lower beam cylinder support, lifting cylinder is connected between support, driving coaster is moved to upper limit position, dustbin access way is formed on compression set bottom, coaster is moved to lower position, compression set is packed into dustbin open front, garbage feeding and transhipment are equidirectional.The present invention adopts a split structure, and make to feed intake compression set and dustbin are combined when loading rubbish at separate unit, when transporting rubbish, separated with dustbin, mitigate hauled weight, improve vehicle mass carried.

Description

The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress
Technical field
The present invention relates to ground refuse compressor station technical fields, compress more particularly to seperated lifting type garbage is filled before one kind It stands.
Background technique
Garbage-compressing station equipment as a kind of novel garbage transfer station equipment, its main feature is that collection " closed, deodorization, compression, Storage " Yu Yiti has mobile garbage compressor station, buried horizontal rubbish compression terminal, split type horizontal rubbish by type point Rubbish compressor station, vertical garbage compressor station etc..And it is built extensively in the various places such as residence district, street, small towns, rural area, carrying Waste transportation work.
Existing ground type compression garbage station, the Split garbage used feed intake compression set, and feed intake pressure after being mainly used for Contracting dustbin, it is impossible to be used in the preceding compression dustbin that feeds intake.For the compression dustbin that preceding feeds intake, feed intake pressure before rubbish used at present Compression apparatus will be using will feed intake compression set and one is made in dustbin, when filling rubbish in dustbin and needing to transport, rubbish Rubbish charging device must be transported together with dustbin, and which adds the weight of dustbin, increase in dustbin transport process The kerb weight for having added rubbish van reduces the useful load of dustbin, increases fuel cost, directly contributes garbage transporting Vehicle non-utilized cargo dead weight is serious, and rubbish unit cost improves.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide filling seperated lifting type garbage compressor station before one kind, Using the present invention, separates the rubbish compression set that feeds intake with compression dustbin, forms individually feed intake compression set and dustbin, Dustbin is reduced to only to load the container of rubbish, garbage architecture is optimized, reduces the manufacturing cost of dustbin;Optimize simultaneously Rubbish feeds intake compression set, using lifting structure, so that dustbin is more easily put into or remove rubbish and feeds intake compression set, put When entering to feed intake in compression set, dustbin forward open end face feeds intake compression set, makes garbage feeding and transhipment equidirectional complete At, improve it is existing after feed intake and take up a large area problem.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
Seperated lifting type garbage compressor station, the fixed frame including being vertically installed on ground, the column of fixed frame are filled before a kind of As walking guide rail, the fixed frame is equipped with the compression set that gathers materials slided up and down along running rail, the compression dress that gathers materials It sets including the compatible coaster of running rail, the material-gathering device being fixedly mounted between coaster and positioned at material-gathering device lower end Compression set, the hinged rubbish material collecting device in the front end of the material-gathering device, the rubbish toppled over for collecting garbage truck;The rubbish The driving turnover mechanism of rubbish material collecting device is equipped between the lateral surface of material collecting device both ends and coaster or so, described coaster or so is outer Side top and bottom are respectively equipped with cylinder support and master arm support, the master arm and master arm branch of the driving turnover mechanism Seat is hinged, and one end is lateral opening hinged with master arm drive cylinder.Another stomidium and idle rod are hinged, drive rubbish material collecting device to Above, it turns over to rubbish material-gathering device, the fixed frame lower end is equipped with lower beam, distinguishes on the coaster and lower beam Equipped with coaster cylinder support and lower beam cylinder support, the lifting cylinder moved up and down for connecting driving coaster, lifting cylinder When the compression set that gathers materials being driven to move up, rubbish material collecting device is overturn to material-gathering device, upward with the compression set that gathers materials Side slides into fixed frame upper limit position, and the channel of dustbin disengaging, lifting cylinder driving collection are formed on the compression set bottom that feeds intake When material compression set moves down, rubbish material collecting device slides into downwards fixed frame lower limit position with the compression set that gathers materials, The compression set that feeds intake is packed into dustbin open front, and garbage feeding and transhipment are equidirectional.
Preferably, the driving turnover mechanism includes master arm drive cylinder, master arm and idle rod, supratrochlear oil cylinder The hinged drive cylinder cylinder bottom earrings of support, master arm one end and drive cylinder piston rod earrings are hinged, and the other end and idle rod are cut with scissors It connects, hinged close to the position of drive cylinder piston rod and master arm support on master arm, the other end and rubbish of the idle rod Material collecting device is hinged, and drive cylinder driving master arm, idle rod drive rubbish material collecting device to turn over upwards, rearwardly or downwardly, forward Turn.
Preferably, the front of the material-gathering device is equipped with p-type free bearing, and rubbish material collecting device upper end and p-type free bearing are hinged.
Preferably, the rubbish material collecting device includes collection hopper, swing arm and swing arm in the middle part of the hopper of collection hopper rear end Fixed beam, the upper end of the hopper middle part swing arm and p-type free bearing are hinged, and the swing arm fixed beam and idle rod are hinged, the receipts Swing arm and swing arm fixed beam are molded as one in the middle part of hopper, hopper.
Preferably, the ground of the dustbin access way is equipped with dustbin walking guide rail, the walking guide rail rear end Equipped with dustbin limit plate, front end is equipped with mouth in dustbin pair of rollers, when the dustbin is put into fixed frame along walking guide rail, Dustbin open front and compression set bottom face.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1, present invention optimizes the compression set integral structure that feeds intake before existing rubbish, by rubbish feed intake compression set and Dustbin is designed to split type structure, and make to feed intake compression set and dustbin are combined when loading rubbish at separate unit, When transporting rubbish, transfer car(buggy) only loads the rubbish stored in dustbin and dustbin, to mitigate hauled weight, improving vehicle has The mass carried of effect fills the mobile serious non-utilized cargo dead weight of compression dustbin before efficiently solving the problems, such as.
2, the rubbish in the present invention feeds intake compression set using lifting structure, and dustbin enters before refuse depot or rubbish dress After trunkful, the compression set that feeds intake is in fixed frame upper limit position, is put into and produces convenient for dustbin;When garbage throwing, rubbish The compression set that feeds intake is in fixed frame lower limit position, and rubbish material collecting device is overturn passed through rubbish rearwardly and upwardly by front loading It is poured into compressor after crossing material-gathering device, the compression set face dustbin open front that feeds intake in apparatus of the present invention, garbage feeding With transhipment in equidirectional completion, improve it is existing after feed intake compression garbage station the problem of taking up a large area.
3, after the present invention adopts a split structure, in the case where dustbin tank-volumes are constant, rubbish loading is increased Amount, substantially reduces the non-utilized cargo dead weight of garbage transporting, improves the fuel economy of automobile, be beneficial to energy conservation emission reduction.
4, the present invention in ground type compression garbage station can a machine match more casees, such as: 2 dustbins are matched in 1 refuse depot, one After a dustbin is filled, during transporting garbage disposal site to, another dustbin still can receive pressure rubbish, so that rubbish Receipts fortune work be not interrupted garbage collection because of waste transportation, thus increase rubbish day receive freight volume.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that garbage compression station of the present invention (no compression dustbin) is located at fixed frame lower end rewinding state Figure;
Fig. 2 is that garbage compression station of the present invention (having compression dustbin) is located at the immigration of fixed frame upper end dustbin or shape to be transported The structural schematic diagram of state;
Fig. 3 is that garbage compression station of the present invention (having compression dustbin) is located at fixed frame lower end and is put into compression dustbin front end and open Structural schematic diagram in mouthful;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that garbage compression station of the present invention (having compression dustbin) is located at fixed frame lower end rewinding state Figure;
Appended drawing reference
In attached drawing, 1 is fixed frame, and 2 be the compression set that gathers materials, and 3 be rubbish material collecting device, and 4 be idle rod, and 5 be master arm, 6 be lifting cylinder, and 7 be dustbin walking guide rail, and 8 be master arm drive cylinder, and 9 be dustbin,
1-1 is walking guide rail, and 1-2 is lower beam, and 1-3 is lower beam cylinder support,
2-1 is material-gathering device, and 2-2 is coaster, and 2-3 is p-type free bearing, and 2-4 is the compression set that feeds intake, and 2-5 is master arm branch Seat, 2-6 are cylinder support, and 2-7 is coaster idler wheel, and 2-8 is coaster cylinder support,
3-1 is collection hopper, and 3-2 is swing arm in the middle part of hopper, and 3-3 is swing arm fixed beam,
7-1 is the limit plate of dustbin, and 7-2 is mouth in dustbin pair of rollers,
9-1 is dustbin open front, and 9-2 is dustbin idler wheel
Specific embodiment
In the present embodiment, the direction of rubbish is collected as front end using rubbish collection hopper.
Referring to figures 1-4, the seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of a kind of preceding dress, the fixed frame 1 including being vertically installed on ground, The column of fixed frame 1 is equipped with the compression of gathering materials slided up and down along running rail 1-1 as walking guide rail 1-1, the fixed frame Device 2, the compression set 2 that gathers materials include coaster 2-2 compatible with running rail 1-1, are fixedly mounted between coaster 2-2 Material-gathering device 2-1 and compression set 2-4 positioned at material-gathering device lower end, coaster idler wheel 2-7 is installed on the inner sidewall of coaster, is led to It crosses coaster idler wheel 2-7 to move up and down along running rail 1-1, drives the compression set 2 that gathers materials to slide up and down, the material-gathering device 2-1 The hinged rubbish material collecting device 3 in front end, the rubbish toppled over for collecting garbage truck;3 both ends of rubbish material collecting device and coaster Driving turnover mechanism is equipped between 2-2 lateral surface, the lateral surface top and bottom described coaster 2-2 or so are respectively equipped with cylinder support 2-6 and master arm support 2-5, the driving turnover mechanism are cut with scissors by cylinder support 2-6 and master arm support 2-5 and coaster 2-2 It connects, drive rubbish material collecting device is upward, turns over to rubbish material-gathering device, and the fixed frame lower end is equipped with lower beam 1- It is respectively equipped with coaster cylinder support 2-8 and lower beam cylinder support 1-3 on 2, the coaster 2-2 and lower beam 1-2, for connecting The lifting cylinder 6 that driving coaster moves up and down, when lifting cylinder 6 drives the compression set 2 that gathers materials to move up, rubbish material collecting device Above 3 overturnings to material-gathering device 2-1, with gathering materials, compression set 2 slides into upper limit position upwards, and feed intake compression set bottom The channel of dustbin disengaging is formed, when lifting cylinder drives the compression set that gathers materials to move down, rubbish material collecting device is with pressure of gathering materials Compression apparatus slides into downwards lower limit position, and compression set is packed into dustbin open front, and garbage feeding and transhipment are equidirectional.
In the present embodiment, 1 lower end of fixed frame, the left and right sides walking guide rail between be equipped with lower beam 1-2, lower beam Upper setting lower beam cylinder support 1-3, lifting cylinder 6 by coaster cylinder support 2-8 and lower beam cylinder support 1-3 respectively with Coaster 2-2 and lower beam 1-2 are hinged.
In the present embodiment, the driving turnover mechanism includes master arm drive cylinder 8, master arm 5 and idle rod 4, above-mentioned Mechanism and rubbish material collecting device 3 form four link type turnover mechanism, the supratrochlear hinged drive cylinder cylinder bottom ear of cylinder support 2-6 Ring, 5 one end of master arm and drive cylinder piston rod earrings are hinged, and the other end and idle rod 4 are hinged, close to driving on master arm 5 The position of cylinder piston rod and master arm support 2-5 are hinged, and the other end and rubbish material collecting device 3 of the idle rod 4 are hinged, main Swing arm drive cylinder 8 drives master arm 5, idle rod 4 that rubbish material collecting device is driven to overturn upwards, rearwardly or downwardly, forward.
In the present embodiment, the front of rubbish material-gathering device 2-1 is equipped with p-type free bearing 2-3,3 upper end of rubbish material collecting device and p-type Free bearing 2-3 is hinged.
The rubbish material collecting device 3 includes collection hopper 3-1, swing arm 3-2 and swing arm in the middle part of the hopper of collection hopper rear end Fixed beam 3-3, the upper end of the hopper middle part swing arm 3-2 and p-type free bearing 2-3 are hinged, the swing arm fixed beam 3-3 and idle rod 4 is hinged, and swing arm and swing arm fixed beam are molded as one in the middle part of collection hopper, hopper.
It is logical in dustbin disengaging to feed intake compression set convenient for dustbin into and out rubbish in the present embodiment The ground in road is equipped with dustbin walking guide rail 7, and 7 front end of walking guide rail is equipped with mouth 7-2 in dustbin pair of rollers, makes rubbish Case is mobile by trapped orbit, and rear end is equipped with dustbin limit plate 7-1, and dustbin open front 9-1 face is made to gather materials compression set 2 Lower end.
The composition of the present embodiment is as shown in Figure 1.By rubbish material collecting device and gather materials compression set and one is made in fixed frame, Fixed frame two sides are equipped with the compression set that gathers materials that can be moved up and down, and lifting cylinder drives the compression set that gathers materials to move up and down, works as rubbish After rubbish is poured into collection hopper by rubbish collecting cart, by master arm drive cylinder driving master arm, idle rod and then rubbish rewinding is driven Device overturning is risen, and rubbish is poured into material-gathering device, rubbish enters compression set from material-gathering device, is pushed into rubbish by compression set In case, and rubbish is shifted and compressed.
The course of work of the invention:
1, the rubbish compression set that feeds intake is lifted to fixed frame upper end, preceding load garbage case is by hooked arm vehicle by it along dustbin Walking guide rail enters below refuse compressor, the open front of compression set bottom face dustbin, as shown in Figure 2;
2, lifting cylinder drives the compression set that gathers materials that compression set is put into the open front of dustbin, as shown in Figure 3;
3, when loading rubbish, collection hopper is opened, as shown in figure 4, master arm drive cylinder drives master arm, idle rod pair Collection hopper generates the torque that rotates upwards, collection hopper along swing arm in the middle part of hopper articulated shaft upwards, turning over puts into rubbish Into material-gathering device, rubbish is sent into dustbin by the compression set of material-gathering device lower end, and is compressed to rubbish;
4, after the rubbish in dustbin is filled, lifting cylinder lifts the compression set that gathers materials and compression set is moved to fixed frame Compression set is removed dustbin by top, and as shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 2, dustbin is moved on on transfer car(buggy) and is transported through by hooked arm vehicle.
Rubbish is fed intake compression set to the present invention and dustbin is designed to split type structure, makes feed intake compression set and rubbish Case is combined when loading rubbish at separate unit, and when transporting rubbish, transfer car(buggy) only loads to be stored in dustbin and dustbin Rubbish improve the effective mass carried of vehicle to mitigate hauled weight, mobile compression dustbin is filled before efficiently solving Serious non-utilized cargo dead weight problem., in the case where dustbin tank-volumes is constant, rubbish useful load is increased, garbage transporting is substantially reduced Non-utilized cargo dead weight, be beneficial to energy conservation emission reduction, can a station match more casees, make garbage collecting and transferring work be not interrupted garbage collection because of waste transportation, Freight volume is received to increase the day of rubbish.
Finally, it is stated that preferred embodiment above is only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and not to limit it, although logical It crosses above preferred embodiment the present invention is described in detail, however, those skilled in the art should understand that, can be Various changes are made to it in form and in details, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (5)

1. filling seperated lifting type garbage compressor station before a kind of, the column of the fixed frame including being vertically installed on ground, fixed frame is made For walking guide rail, which is characterized in that the fixed frame is equipped with the compression set that gathers materials slided up and down along running rail, the collection Material compression set includes coaster compatible with running rail, the material-gathering device being fixedly mounted between coaster and fills positioned at gathering materials Set the compression set that feeds intake of lower end, the hinged rubbish material collecting device in the front end of the material-gathering device is toppled over for collecting garbage truck Rubbish;The driving turnover mechanism of rubbish material collecting device is equipped between the lateral surface of rubbish material collecting device both ends and coaster or so, Described coaster or so lateral surface top and bottom are respectively equipped with cylinder support and master arm support, and the driving turnover mechanism passes through Cylinder support and master arm support and coaster are hinged, and drive rubbish material collecting device is upward, turns over to material-gathering device, institute It states fixed frame lower end and is equipped with lower beam, be respectively equipped with coaster cylinder support and lower beam oil cylinder branch on the coaster and lower beam Seat, the lifting cylinder moved up and down for connecting driving coaster, when lifting cylinder drives the compression set that gathers materials to move up, rubbish Material collecting device is overturn to material-gathering device, and with gathering materials, compression set slides into fixed frame upper limit position upwards, and feed intake pressure The channel of dustbin disengaging is formed on compression apparatus bottom, when lifting cylinder drives the compression set that gathers materials to move down, rubbish rewinding dress Set and slide into fixed frame lower limit position downwards with the compression set that gathers materials, compression set is packed into dustbin open front, rubbish into Material and transhipment are equidirectional.
2. a kind of preceding dress fission lifting type garbage compressor station according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving overturning Mechanism includes master arm drive cylinder, master arm and idle rod, and the supratrochlear hinged drive cylinder cylinder bottom earrings of cylinder support is main Swing arm one end and drive cylinder piston rod earrings are hinged, and the other end is hinged with idle rod, close to drive cylinder piston on master arm The position of bar and master arm support are hinged, and the other end and rubbish material collecting device of the idle rod are hinged, drive cylinder driving master Swing arm, idle rod drive rubbish material collecting device to overturn upwards, rearwardly or downwardly, forward.
3. a kind of preceding dress fission lifting type garbage compressor station according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the material-gathering device Front be equipped with p-type free bearing, rubbish material collecting device upper end and p-type free bearing are hinged.
4. a kind of preceding dress fission lifting type garbage compressor station according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the rubbish rewinding Device includes collection hopper, swing arm and swing arm fixed beam in the middle part of the hopper of collection hopper rear end, and swing arm is upper in the middle part of the hopper End is hinged with p-type free bearing, and the swing arm fixed beam and idle rod are hinged, and swing arm and swing arm are fixed in the middle part of the collection hopper, hopper Beam is molded as one.
5. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of before fill seperated lifting type garbage compressor station, which is characterized in that the dustbin into The ground in channel is equipped with dustbin walking guide rail out, and the rear end of the walking guide rail is equipped with dustbin limit plate, and front end is equipped with Mouth in dustbin pair of rollers, when the dustbin is put into fixed frame along walking guide rail, dustbin open front and compression set bottom Portion's face.
CN201910344608.9A 2019-04-26 2019-04-26 The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress Pending CN109928120A (en)

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CN201910344608.9A CN109928120A (en) 2019-04-26 2019-04-26 The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910344608.9A CN109928120A (en) 2019-04-26 2019-04-26 The seperated lifting type garbage compressor station of preceding dress

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CN109928120A true CN109928120A (en) 2019-06-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113044595A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-29 重庆科技学院 Lifting traveling crane type vertical garbage separation compressor moving device and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113044595A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-29 重庆科技学院 Lifting traveling crane type vertical garbage separation compressor moving device and method

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Effective date of registration: 20210421

Address after: No.18 Fengsheng Road, Jinfeng Town, Jiulongpo District, Chongqing

Applicant after: CHONGQING YUJIE SANITATION FACILITIES Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 401331 Shapingba University District, Chongqing City Road, No. 20

Applicant before: Chongqing University of Science & Technology

TA01 Transfer of patent application right