CN109915302A - A kind of hydroelectric power system - Google Patents

A kind of hydroelectric power system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109915302A
CN109915302A CN201910339660.5A CN201910339660A CN109915302A CN 109915302 A CN109915302 A CN 109915302A CN 201910339660 A CN201910339660 A CN 201910339660A CN 109915302 A CN109915302 A CN 109915302A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
siphon pipe
head
water tank
hydroelectric power
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CN201910339660.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘凤林
潘一铭
潘新杨
郭馥林
潘国庆
潘连庆
潘静波
郭增敏
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910339660.5A priority Critical patent/CN109915302A/en
Publication of CN109915302A publication Critical patent/CN109915302A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

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Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of hydroelectric power systems, power generator is lifted along the head that depth of building is arranged including several grades, head described in every level-one is lifted the sealing radiator that power generator includes open water tank and is arranged in preset height, it is connected between the open water tank and sealing radiator by vertical siphon pipe, check valve is provided in the vertical siphon pipe, the lateral siphon pipe that the sealing radiator bottom passes through built-in check valve is connected with vacuum pumping device, impact single-stage hydrogenerator generates electricity after the vacuum pumping device extracts water flow out, and water flow is discharged into the opening water tank of head lifting power generator of next stage after power generation;Lifting head is promoted step by step, the super-high buildings more hydroelectric power systems that can connect generate electricity, and water can recycle, and consumption external energy is lower, and it is not area-limited, it can be in a variety of regional generations.

Description

A kind of hydroelectric power system
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to technical field of generators, and in particular to a kind of hydroelectric power system.
Background technique
Using atmospheric pressure formed siphonage step by step raising of water level power generation mature technology there is not yet, siphonage In addition to drop is there are also cancelling out each other for difference, and difficulty in starting is inhaled, it is easily destroyed.The simple hydroelectric generation for using siphon mode, Its generating capacity all very littles, because hydroelectric generation depends on the pressure and flow of water, when that can build up dam and improve head, The most of power station exactly seen now that, the ability power generation of utilized head, such as the three gorges hydropower plant.If water is very big, and water When head can not improve, tubular power generation is just used, utilizes mass-flow impulsion electrical power generators, such as Danjiangkou Hydropower Station.Small falls No matter difference uses any mode, and water energy is all little, because energy will not be amplified by a conduction pattern.
Summary of the invention
For this purpose, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of hydroelectric power system, the vacuum lever of atmospheric pressure and low energy consumption is utilized Water pump promotes head to obtain enough potential energy, to solve the problems, such as that needing ponding to shut off in the prior art improves head step by step.
To achieve the goals above, the embodiment of the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of hydroelectric power system is lifted power generator along the head that depth of building is arranged including several grades, each Grade head lifting power generator includes open water tank and the sealing radiator that is arranged in preset height, the open water tank and It is connected between sealing radiator by vertical siphon pipe, check valve, the sealing radiator bottom is provided in the vertical siphon pipe Vacuum pumping device is connected with by the lateral siphon pipe of built-in check valve, the vacuum pumping device extracts water flow out backlash It hits single-stage hydrogenerator to generate electricity, and water flow is discharged into the opening water of the head lifting power generator of next stage after power generation In case.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that the water outlet positioned at five-star head lifting apparatus passes through Venturi tube It is connected with total hydrogenerator, water flow is flowed out out of five-star head lifting apparatus and impacted after accelerating by Venturi tube total Hydrogenerator, then be discharged into the opening water tank of initial stage head lifting power generator.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that, is connected in the vertical siphon pipe by vacuum exhaust pipe and is located at ground On vacuum-pumping system.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that the bottom of the vertical siphon pipe and lateral siphon pipe is provided with and prevents The rectification air filter that gas enters.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that, is equipped with cooling device above the sealing radiator.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that, is provided with upward siphoning installation in five-star open water tank, The siphoning installation impacts total hydrogenerator after accelerating by Venturi tube.
The embodiment of the present invention has the advantages that
(1) the invention belongs to new energy hydroelectric power systems, using the atmospheric pressure of energy free consumption and in conjunction with low energy consumption Low water head vacuum lever water pump, recycle siphon bore and the changeable feature of cistern volume, cut without ponding Stream promotes acquired head up to equal to depth of building+locality atmospheric pressure water column step by step, can obtain tens meters easily in this way To up to a hundred meters of heads, the super-high buildings more hydroelectric power systems that can connect generate electricity, and the construction period is shorter, scale of investment Smaller, water can recycle, and consumption external energy is lower;
(2) the invention belongs to free of contamination generations of electricity by new energy, not area-limited, can be in any regional generation, can be with Gradually substitute hydroelectric generation and the thermal power generation etc. that conventional ponding shuts off, generator bi-directional drive is greatly improved under equal conditions Output power, the electricity generation system can be fixedly installed, and can also move setting.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to embodiment party in order to illustrate more clearly of embodiments of the present invention or technical solution in the prior art Formula or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is merely exemplary, it for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also basis The attached drawing of offer, which is extended, obtains other implementation attached drawings.
Structure depicted in this specification, ratio, size etc., only to cooperate the revealed content of specification, for Those skilled in the art understands and reads, and is not intended to limit the invention enforceable qualifications, therefore does not have technical Essential meaning, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or the adjustment of size are not influencing the function of the invention that can be generated Under effect and the purpose that can reach, should all still it fall in the range of disclosed technology contents obtain and can cover.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
In figure:
1- opens water tank;2- sealing radiator;The vertical siphon pipe of 3-;4- check valve;5- transverse direction siphon pipe;6- vacuum is drawn water dress It sets;7- cooling device;8- rectifies air filter;9- Venturi tube;10- single-stage hydrogenerator;The total hydrogenerator of 11-;12- Vacuum-pumping system.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this explanation Content disclosed by book is understood other advantages and efficacy of the present invention easily, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one Section Example, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, being arranged including several grades along depth of building the present invention provides a kind of hydroelectric power system Head is lifted power generator, and the lifting power generator of head described in every level-one includes opening water tank 1 and according to local atmospheric pressure water column The sealing radiator 2 on building is arranged in height, is connected between the open water tank 1 and sealing radiator 2 by vertical siphon pipe 3 It connects, check valve 4 is provided in the vertical siphon pipe 3,2 bottom of sealing radiator passes through the lateral rainbow of built-in check valve 4 Suction pipe 5 is connected with vacuum pumping device 6, after the vacuum pumping device 6 extracts water flow out impact single-stage hydrogenerator 10 into Row power generation, and water flow is discharged into the opening water tank 1 of head lifting power generator of next stage after power generation, and every layer of platform utilizes The labor-saving structures low power consuming such as lever principle draws water and generates electricity simultaneously, as long as lever ratio is sufficiently large, power consumption is small, while recycling electricity Amount.
Wherein, total hydrogenerator is connected with by Venturi tube 9 positioned at the water outlet of five-star head lifting apparatus 11, for the flow velocity for improving water flow, water flow is flowed out out of five-star head lifting apparatus and is impacted after being accelerated by Venturi tube 9 Total hydrogenerator 12, then be discharged into the opening water tank 1 of initial stage head lifting power generator.
The hydraulic turbine can connect generator by governor to adjust revolving speed, and generator is in addition to using conventional single direction rotation Or outside reciprocable generator, bidirectional rotation generator can be used, i.e., drives rotor and stator using the coaxial structure that reversely rotates It rotates round about simultaneously.
The vacuum-pumping system 13 set on the ground is connected with by vacuum exhaust pipe in the vertical siphon pipe 3, excessive Gas is extracted out out, so that top remains required vacuum degree, other need to vacuumize position can be connected with pipeline, can also To reduce cost, the bottom of the vertical siphon pipe 3 and lateral siphon pipe 5 is provided with the rectification air filtration dress for preventing gas from entering 8 are set, can prevent gas from entering siphonic system, vacuum degree is kept, is equipped with cooling device 14 above the sealing radiator 2, lead to It crosses cooling and is close to zero degree, the saturated vapour pressure of water can be reduced, improve water-column.
In the present embodiment, the vacuum pumping device 6 is specially vacuum lever water pump, the vacuum lever water pump Specific working mode are as follows:
Motor is connect by crank link mechanism with piston rod, and converts piston rod in sleeve for the rotary motion of motor Inside pump;
Piston rod is connected with that lever is long-armed, and lever short arm is connected with plunger so that plunger done in pump reciprocating from And the air in the pump chamber of fixed volume is compressed, stretches to form vacuum, and in pressure difference and vacuum lever water pump shape Water is sucked into pump chamber under the action of vacuum, is discharged into next time being impacted after single-stage hydrogenerator is generated electricity by discharge outlet Opening water tank in.
The embodiment of the present invention is further characterized in that uses stator, rotor counter-rotating or reverse in above-mentioned reciprocating motion Reciprocating apparatus can greatly improve cutting magnetic line quantity, greatly improve power generation output power, compressed and generated electricity to air Shi Caiyong compressed-air energy storage, power generation mode peak load shifting, and it is cold externally to export the heat of compression, expansion, wherein the heat of compression and swollen It is swollen cold to be balanced by heat-exchange system.
Above-mentioned principle is similar to the propeller works of coaxial twin screw armed helicopter, and the coaxially reality that does not rotate in same direction It can now be realized by the matching relationship of gear set, and realize Double-directional rotary in this way, in performance than conventional The utilization rate of one-directional rotation energy will improve 6%~16%.
Further include solar energy heating power generation, absorbs amount of heat by the heat absorption of the multiple expansion of compressed air, and It generates electricity during expansion, the maximization of generating efficiency may be implemented by then passing through multiple expansion effect, by solar energy Applying for heat is particularly significant in the area application abundant of the torrid zone or solar energy, is provided in five-star open water tank Upward siphoning installation, the siphoning installation impact total hydrogenerator after accelerating by Venturi tube.In the present invention, accelerate Device includes but is not limited to Venturi tube.
In summary, solar energy heating power generation and wind power generation plant opening as whole system are considered in the present invention Dynamic power resources, in addition can also be with the above-mentioned solar energy of integrated application and wind energy as the supplement of atmospheric pressure electricity generation system, specifically Are as follows:
According to the geographical location of this system application region, the area big for wind-force is rotated using wind energy flabellum and drives sky Air compressor produces supplement of the compressed air as atmospheric pressure electricity generation system;Torrid areas is used using solar energy heat collector In the cold heating of multiple expansion and supplement of the solar power generation as atmospheric pressure electricity generation system.
In the present invention it will be understood that lever is set as entirety or matched with head lifting power generator Rank when lever ratio is sufficiently large and long rod pressure is sufficiently small, can use a motor when considering as entirety More set lever motions are driven, to reduce cost.
Furthermore, it is contemplated that atmospheric pressure is very big, the labor-saving structures such as gear wheel and pinion gear can be installed on Pump Shaft, Or the hydraulic cylinder structure using large and small piston, it can also be drawn water using labor-saving structures such as chain, belts by labor-saving structure, Motor power (output) can be greatly lowered, reduce energy consumption.In the present embodiment, be made by lever mechanism pump inside every Film or plunger do reciprocating, to be compressed to the air in the pump chamber of fixed volume, stretch to form vacuum, in vacuum Pressure difference is generated with sealing radiator top water column pressure at pumping for water pump mouth, forms vacuum in pressure difference and vacuum lever water pump Under effect, water is sucked into pump chamber, then be discharged into sealing radiator from discharge outlet, as long as vacuum system is not destroyed, can continued not Disconnected ground continuous pumpage, while vacuum pump is at the uniform velocity drained and can directly be impacted or by impacting after the devices speedup such as Venturi tube Mesh power hydrogenerator is discharged into open water tank again after being generated electricity, institute's generated energy is initially used for system electricity consumption, extra electricity Amount can be connected to the grid.
, can be significantly laborsaving using leverage in view of atmospheric pressure is very big, theoretically length lever ratio can be done To several times, Ji Shibei, even infinity, to reach unlimited labour-saving purpose, and then reach the unlimited mesh for reducing power of motor , in actual design, when conditions permit, as make length lever ratio sufficiently large as possible.Other labor-saving structures are also required to Accomplish laborsaving maximization as far as possible.Motor connects cylinder body inner piston by connecting rod, and piston rod connects long-armed realization reciprocating linear fortune It is dynamic, then galianconism is connected by fulcrum, galianconism connects diaphragm or plunger.Lever construction can be classified setting motor and vacuum pump, Setting can be integrated, i.e., heavy-duty motor is set in right side setting bottom, motor rotary motion is turned by crank link mechanism Change sleeve inner piston rod to pump, piston rod connection lever is long-armed, and lever short arm connects vacuum pump diaphragm or plunger It is vertically mobile to realize laborsaving draining.
By comprehensive design, the water of atmospheric pressure indentation sealing water tank is approximately equal to the water that vacuum lever water pump is discharged into Amount, so that system in balance is so as to longtime running.Similar system is gradually reset, promotes head step by step to certain altitude.
Siphoning installation is set up in the open water tank of highest level to improve the height of water level, and the present invention is to utilize siphon Effect uniformly drains impact skyscraper by gradually reducing pipeline straight down or base of frame hydrogenerator issues stabling current, Port, which is respectively mounted air filtration fairing, when siphon pipe at different levels absorbs water prevents ambient atmos from entering system.Water can be recycled in the system It uses, need to only supplement loss water.
The available theoretical locality the highest head H=atmospheric pressure water-column * series+locality atmospheric pressure water column of the system Highly.Water power P=9.81*H*Q*N.The final generated energy of system=final hydraulic turbine generated energy+vacuum pump at different levels Mating hydraulic turbine generated energy-vacuum pumps at different levels at different levels power consumption-that draws water is impacted to vacuumize power consumption and (only need when system sealing is good Taking out a vacuum can longtime running).Since vacuum pump water extracts at different levels directly impact or by venturi conduit speedup After impact mating hydraulic turbines power generations at different levels, generating efficiency can be very high, that is, vacuum pump at different levels draws water power consumption-mating water at different levels The difference of turbine generated energy can very little.Guarantee the vacuum degree for not destroying sealing radiator when operation, then it can be with continuous service.It is at different levels true Empty pumping for water pump belongs to low water head vacuum and draws water, and pumping motor power is greatly reduced by labor-saving structure, is greatly lowered Draw water power consumption, and drawing water is to continue atmospheric pressure acting without consuming energy after forming vacuum.
In addition, also it should be clear that, in the present invention, the diameter of siphon pipe, sealing radiator height can be unrestricted System, it is unrelated with the diameter of water column etc. because atmospheric pressure water column is only related with height in this invention.Therefore it may only be necessary to guarantee Vacuum degree, so that it may column is maximumlly promoted, thus to increase the water for promoting water column.
Water is promoted to local atmospheric pressure water-column, energy consumption is far below and directlys adopt high water head high powered water pump water It is drawn into the energy that same head height is lost.In order to reduce investment outlay, vacuum-pumping system can be set in bottom, need true Empty part can constantly extract this portion gas, two shut-off valves of N grades of tank siphonic systems out by vacuum-pumping system Between space can vacuumize to form siphon drainage by vacuum pipe.
The left side siphon tip of skyscraper or frame roof pond siphon pipe installation air filtration fairing prevents gas Into siphonic system, upward unidirectional stop valve is installed in bottom, prevents liquid from flowing backwards.Siphon bore is changeable, is not necessarily to ponding Shut off, acquired head can obtain tens meters to up to a hundred up to equal to depth of building+locality atmospheric pressure water column easily in this way Meter Shui Tou, the super-high buildings more hydroelectric power systems that can connect generate electricity, and water can recycle, and consume external energy It is lower.
In addition the electricity generation system belongs to free of contamination generation of electricity by new energy, not area-limited, can in any regional generation, Hydroelectric generation and the thermal power generation etc. that conventional ponding shuts off can gradually be substituted.The electricity generation system can not also depend on high level and build Object is built, high-rise structures power generation is individually established, also can use topography, water is extracted by atmospheric pressure by head-tank step by step, Siphoning installation is installed in head-tank again, then improves local atmospheric pressure water-column head, drains hair downwards by siphon pipe Electricity.In independent island and remote districts, high-rise pond can be built or utilize circulation water electricity generation using topography.It can also be used He substitutes water by flowable liquids.In addition to vacuum lever water pump, other similar laborsaving water plug can also be used.It can be by closing Ring control system carries out comprehensively control and coordinates.
This technology is in addition to for promoting head for promoting water or other liquid in the case of other than generating electricity, being also applied for other Situation.This kind of power generating equipment can be fixedly installed in land, it can also be used to send out on the Large-scale Mobile tool of land or ocean Electricity is for illumination or power etc..
In addition, in embodiments of the present invention also it should be further noted that being only to depict two-stage head in attached drawing 1 It is lifted power generator, it should be understood that specific series can be set according to the height of practical building.
Although above having used general explanation and specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, at this On the basis of invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, These modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention are fallen within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of hydroelectric power system, which is characterized in that the head lifting power generation being arranged including several grades along depth of building Device, the lifting power generator of head described in every level-one include the sealing radiator that opening water tank (1) and is arranged in preset height (2), it is connected between the open water tank (1) and sealing radiator (2) by vertical siphon pipe (3), in the vertical siphon pipe (3) It is provided with check valve (4), the lateral siphon pipe (5) that sealing radiator (2) bottom passes through built-in check valve (4) is connected with very Empty pump water installations (6), the vacuum pumping device (6) by Venturi tube impact single-stage water to water flow velocity after extracting water flow out Turbine generator (10) generates electricity, and water flow is discharged into the opening water tank of the head lifting power generator of next stage after power generation (1) in.
2. a kind of hydroelectric power system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that positioned at five-star head lifting apparatus Water outlet is connected with total hydrogenerator (11) by Venturi tube (9), and water flow is flowed out out of five-star head lifting apparatus And total hydrogenerator (11) are impacted after accelerating by Venturi tube (9), then be discharged into opening for initial stage head lifting power generator In delivery box (1).
3. a kind of hydroelectric power system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that by true in the vertical siphon pipe (3) Empty pump tracheae is connected with the vacuum-pumping system (12) set on the ground.
4. a kind of hydroelectric power system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the vertical siphon pipe (3) and lateral rainbow The bottom of suction pipe (5) is provided with the rectification air filter (8) for preventing gas from entering.
5. a kind of hydroelectric power system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with above the sealing radiator (2) Cooling device (7).
6. a kind of hydroelectric power system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be located in five-star open water tank (1) It is provided with upward siphoning installation, the siphoning installation impacts total hydrogenerator (11) after accelerating by Venturi tube (9).
CN201910339660.5A 2019-04-25 2019-04-25 A kind of hydroelectric power system Withdrawn CN109915302A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910339660.5A CN109915302A (en) 2019-04-25 2019-04-25 A kind of hydroelectric power system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910339660.5A CN109915302A (en) 2019-04-25 2019-04-25 A kind of hydroelectric power system

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CN109915302A true CN109915302A (en) 2019-06-21

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CN201910339660.5A Withdrawn CN109915302A (en) 2019-04-25 2019-04-25 A kind of hydroelectric power system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110886674A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-17 曹同利 Marine physical circulation water power generation platform
WO2024098960A1 (en) * 2022-11-11 2024-05-16 任文林 Energy-consumption-free water-pumping generator, and manufacturing method therefor and application thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110886674A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-17 曹同利 Marine physical circulation water power generation platform
WO2024098960A1 (en) * 2022-11-11 2024-05-16 任文林 Energy-consumption-free water-pumping generator, and manufacturing method therefor and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20190621