CN109909604B - Laser cutting focus position control device - Google Patents

Laser cutting focus position control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109909604B
CN109909604B CN201910310201.4A CN201910310201A CN109909604B CN 109909604 B CN109909604 B CN 109909604B CN 201910310201 A CN201910310201 A CN 201910310201A CN 109909604 B CN109909604 B CN 109909604B
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cavity
clamping
angle
transmission
pressing
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CN201910310201.4A
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CN109909604A (en
Inventor
张雅芬
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Shandong Chaogong Laser Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Shandong Chaogong Laser Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910310201.4A priority Critical patent/CN109909604B/en
Publication of CN109909604A publication Critical patent/CN109909604A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a laser cutting focus position control device, which comprises a multi-angle clamp, wherein a transverse fixing cavity is arranged in the multi-angle clamp, fixing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged in the transverse fixing cavity left and right, each fixing mechanism comprises a pressing slide block, a pressing block and a pressing cam, and the pressing slide blocks are arranged in the transverse fixing cavity in a vertically sliding manner; this equipment is more reasonable and ingenious on overall structure, the installation, it is all very convenient to maintain and overhaul, and this equipment can be fixed automatically and treat the laser cutting material and deflect according to setting up the angle automation, the angle deflection process need not personnel and intervenes, improve the angle and set up the precision, and at the in-process that deflects, guarantee vertically to treat the laser cutting material and keep in contact with horizontal laser cutting material, guarantee that follow-up laser cutting operation goes on smoothly, and this equipment has efficient degree of automation in the use, higher use and spreading value have.

Description

Laser cutting focus position control device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of fixing equipment, in particular to laser cutting focus position control equipment.
Background
Along with the development of society, there are a large amount of new buildings in each district in order to satisfy the development of society, need a large amount of part laser cutting operation in each building site, the laser cutting workman often crouches on ground and operates, in the laser cutting operation in-process, often needs to wait that laser cutting material becomes certain angle with two and carry out laser cutting.
At present, to the material laser cutting of multi-angle, the laser cutting workman often utilizes the ground to set up the mode angle, and this mode is not fixed at the laser cutting in-process, and sets up the angle according to the laser cutting workman experience mostly, and this mode precision is relatively poor, has the problem of doing over again many times, seriously influences building site operating efficiency.
Therefore, there is a need to further improve the laser cutting fixing method for two materials in the prior art, so as to improve the laser cutting precision of the two materials.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a laser cutting focus position control device which can overcome the defects in the prior art and improve the laser cutting precision of two materials.
The laser cutting focus position control equipment comprises a multi-angle clamp, wherein a transverse fixing cavity is arranged in the multi-angle clamp, fixing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged in the transverse fixing cavity in a left-right mode, each fixing mechanism comprises a pressing slide block, a pressing block and a pressing cam, the pressing slide blocks are arranged in the transverse fixing cavity in a vertically sliding mode, pressing reset springs are elastically arranged between the top end walls of the pressing slide blocks and the top end walls of the transverse fixing cavity, a re-tightening slide groove is formed in each pressing slide block, each pressing block is arranged in the corresponding re-tightening slide groove in a sliding mode, each re-tightening spring is elastically arranged between the top end walls of the corresponding pressing blocks and the top end walls of the corresponding re-tightening slide grooves, a pressing shaft extending back and forth is rotatably arranged in the transverse fixing cavity, each pressing cam is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of each pressing shaft, the device is provided with a clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism comprises longitudinal clamping blocks which are bilaterally symmetrical, an angle sliding cavity is arranged in the rear end wall of the transverse fixed cavity, an angle deflection block is arranged in the angle sliding cavity in a left-right sliding manner, a clamping sliding groove is arranged in the angle deflection block, the longitudinal clamping blocks are arranged in the clamping sliding groove in a sliding manner, a power mechanism is arranged between the clamping mechanism and the fixed mechanism to drive the fixed lower iron plate of the fixed mechanism and simultaneously drive the clamping mechanism to clamp the upper iron plate, wherein the power mechanism comprises a driving motor and a main driving shaft, a comprehensive power cavity is arranged in the end wall at the bottom of the angle sliding cavity, the main driving shaft is rotatably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity, and the rear end of the main driving shaft is in power connection with the driving motor which is slidably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity, the power mechanism and the fixing mechanism are provided with a transmission mechanism for driving the fixing mechanism to fix the lower iron plate.
Specifically, a main power gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the main driving shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, a pressing output shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity, a pressing output gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the rear side of the pressing output shaft, the pressing output gear is meshed with the main power gear, a pressing front transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the pressing output shaft, a pressing left transmission cavity is arranged in the end wall of the left side of the comprehensive power cavity, a pressing transmission shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the pressing left transmission cavity and the comprehensive power cavity, a pressing right transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the right side of the pressing transmission shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, the pressing right transmission bevel gear is meshed with the pressing front transmission bevel gear, and a pressing left transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the, the pressing shaft extending front and back is rotatably arranged between the pressing left transfer cavity and the transverse fixing cavity, a pressing rear transfer bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the rear side of the pressing shaft, and the pressing rear transfer bevel gear is meshed with the pressing left transfer bevel gear, so that the lower iron plate placed on the multi-angle clamp can be fixed.
Specifically, a clamping belt cavity is arranged in the wall of the rear side end of the comprehensive power cavity, a clamping output sleeve shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping belt cavity and the comprehensive power cavity, a clamping output bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the front end of the clamping output sleeve shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, the clamping output bevel gear is meshed with the driving power gear, a clamping driving pulley is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the clamping output sleeve shaft in the clamping belt cavity, a clamping power cavity is arranged in the angle deflection block and is positioned above the clamping sliding groove, a clamping transmission shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping power cavity and the clamping belt cavity, a clamping driven bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping belt cavity, and a clamping power belt is arranged between the clamping driven bevel gear and the clamping driving pulley in a transmission manner, a clamping front transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping power cavity, a clamping transmission cavity is arranged in the end wall of the left side of the clamping power cavity, a clamping transmission shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping transmission cavity and the clamping power cavity, a clamping right transmission gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the right side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping power cavity and is meshed with the clamping front transmission bevel gear, a clamping driving gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping transmission cavity, a clamping screw rod extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping transmission cavity and the clamping sliding groove, a clamping driven gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the clamping screw rod in the clamping transmission cavity and is meshed with the clamping driving gear, and clamping threads are arranged in the longitudinal clamping blocks and are matched with the clamping screw rods, so that the iron plate vertically placed in the multi-angle clamp can be fixed and kept to be matched with the lower iron plate.
Preferably, the bottom end of the angle deflection block extends into the comprehensive power cavity, a rotating torsion spring is elastically arranged between the bottom front end of the angle deflection block and the front end wall of the comprehensive power cavity, a rotating gear is fixedly arranged on the outer side end wall of the angle deflection block in the comprehensive power cavity, the rotating gear is disengaged from the main power gear, and the clamping output sleeve shaft is in clearance fit with the outer side end wall of the bottom of the angle deflection block.
Preferably, a rack is fixedly arranged on the end wall at the bottom of the angular sliding cavity, a conveying power shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the longitudinal clamping block, a conveying power gear is fixedly arranged on the end wall at the outer side of the conveying power shaft, the conveying power gear is meshed with the rack, a conveying belt cavity is arranged in the longitudinal clamping block, a conveying driving pulley is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the conveying power shaft in the conveying belt cavity, a conveying driven pulley is rotatably arranged in the conveying belt cavity, a conveying belt is arranged between the conveying driven pulley and the conveying driving pulley in a transmission manner, a conveying synchronous cavity is arranged in the wall at the rear side end of the compression reset spring, a conveying synchronous shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged in the conveying synchronous cavity, a conveying synchronous bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the conveying synchronous shaft, and a conveying output bevel, the conveying output bevel gear is meshed with the conveying synchronous bevel gear, and the same mechanism is arranged on the right side of the clamping power cavity, so that the matching of materials to be subjected to laser cutting is guaranteed while the angle is adjusted.
Specifically, an angle driving pulley is fixedly arranged on the outer side end wall of the angle deflection block in the comprehensive power cavity, an angle setting cavity is arranged in the front side end wall of the comprehensive power cavity, an angle display screw rod extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the comprehensive power cavity and the angle setting cavity, an angle driven pulley is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the angle display screw rod in the comprehensive power cavity, an angle power belt is arranged between the angle driven pulley and the angle driving pulley in a transmission manner, an angle display slider is arranged in the angle setting cavity in a forward and backward sliding manner, an angle display thread is arranged in the angle display slider, the angle display thread is matched with the angle display screw rod, an angle display cavity is arranged in the front side end wall of the angle setting cavity, and an angle indicating needle is fixedly arranged at the front end of the angle display screw rod in the angle display cavity, an angle setting screw rod extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the angle setting cavity, an angle setting slide block is arranged in the angle setting cavity in a left-right sliding mode, an angle setting thread is arranged in the angle setting slide block, the angle setting thread is matched with the angle setting screw rod, a manual nut is fixedly arranged at the front end of the angle setting screw rod, a setting transmission cavity is arranged in the rear end wall of the angle display cavity, a setting transmission sleeve shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the setting transmission cavity and the angle display cavity, the setting transmission sleeve shaft is in clearance fit with the angle display screw rod, a setting indicating needle is fixedly arranged at the front end of the setting transmission sleeve shaft in the angle display cavity, a driven gear is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the setting transmission sleeve shaft in the setting transmission cavity, and a driving gear is fixedly arranged on the outer end wall of the angle setting screw rod in the setting transmission cavity, set up the driving gear with set up driven gear meshing, be favorable to manual setting laser cutting angle, improve the angle and confirm the precision.
Preferably, the sliding block is switched in the sliding block in the comprehensive power cavity in a front-back sliding mode, the driving motor is fixedly arranged in the sliding block, a switching power cavity is arranged in the end wall of the bottom of the comprehensive power cavity, the sliding block is switched in the switching power cavity in a front-back sliding mode and provided with a permanent magnet, the end wall of the top of the permanent magnet switching sliding block is fixedly connected with the end wall of the bottom of the switching sliding block, a switching reset spring is elastically arranged between the end wall of the front side of the switching power cavity and the end wall of the front side of the permanent magnet switching sliding block, a switching electromagnet is fixedly arranged in the end wall of the front side of the switching power cavity, the.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: this equipment is more reasonable and ingenious on overall structure, the installation, it is all very convenient to maintain and overhaul, and this equipment can be fixed automatically and treat the laser cutting material and deflect according to setting up the angle automation, the angle deflection process need not personnel and intervenes, improve the angle and set up the precision, and at the in-process that deflects, guarantee vertically to treat the laser cutting material and keep in contact with horizontal laser cutting material, guarantee that follow-up laser cutting operation goes on smoothly, and this equipment has efficient degree of automation in the use, higher use and spreading value have.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the overall configuration of a laser cutting focus position control apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure A-A of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure B-B in fig. 2.
Detailed Description
All of the features disclosed in this specification, or all of the steps in any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations of features and/or steps that are mutually exclusive.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), may be replaced by alternative features serving equivalent or similar purposes, unless expressly stated otherwise. That is, unless expressly stated otherwise, each feature is only an example of a generic series of equivalent or similar features.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in fig. 1, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the laser cutting focus position control device of the present invention includes a multi-angle fixture 118, a transverse fixing cavity 124 is provided in the multi-angle fixture 118, fixing mechanisms are symmetrically provided in the transverse fixing cavity 124, the fixing mechanisms include a pressing slider 121, a pressing block 123 and a pressing cam 127, the pressing slider 121 is disposed in the transverse fixing cavity 124 in a vertically sliding manner, a pressing return spring 120 is elastically disposed between a top end wall of the pressing slider 121 and a top end wall of the transverse fixing cavity 124, a re-tightening sliding slot 119 is provided in the pressing slider 121, the pressing block 123 is slidably disposed in the re-tightening sliding slot 119, a re-tightening spring 122 is elastically disposed between a top end wall of the pressing block 123 and a top end wall of the re-tightening sliding slot 119, a pressing shaft 126 extending back and forth is rotatably provided in the transverse fixing cavity 124, the pressing cam 127 is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the pressing shaft 126, the outer side end walls of the left and right pressing shafts 126 are fixedly provided with pressing synchronous pulleys 125, a pressing synchronous belt 189 is arranged between the left and right pressing synchronous pulleys 125 in a transmission manner, the equipment is provided with a clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism comprises longitudinal clamping blocks 111 which are bilaterally symmetrical, an angle sliding cavity 179 is arranged in the rear end wall of the transverse fixing cavity 124, an angle deflection block 128 is arranged in the angle sliding cavity 179 in a left-right sliding manner, a clamping sliding groove 190 is arranged in the angle deflection block 128, the longitudinal clamping blocks 111 are arranged in the clamping sliding groove 190 in a sliding manner, a power mechanism is arranged between the clamping mechanism and the fixing mechanism and drives the clamping mechanism to clamp an upper iron plate while driving the fixing mechanism to fix the lower iron plate, wherein the power mechanism comprises a driving motor 151 and a main driving shaft, a comprehensive power cavity 150 is arranged in the end wall of the bottom of the angle sliding cavity 179, the main driving shaft 157 is rotatably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity 150, the tail end of the rear side of the main driving shaft 157 is in power connection with the driving motor 151 which is slidably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity 150, and the power mechanism and the fixing mechanism are provided with a transmission mechanism for driving the fixing mechanism to fix the lower iron plate.
In the following, a specific implementation manner for fixing the lower iron plate by the fixing mechanism will be described in detail, wherein a main power gear 158 is fixedly disposed at a front end of the main driving shaft 157 in the integrated power cavity 150, a pressing output shaft 186 extending forward and backward is rotatably disposed in the integrated power cavity 150, a pressing output gear 188 is fixedly disposed at a rear end of the pressing output shaft 186, the pressing output gear 188 is engaged with the main power gear 158, a pressing front transmission bevel gear 187 is fixedly disposed at a front end of the pressing output shaft 186, a pressing left transmission cavity 180 is disposed in a left end wall of the integrated power cavity 150, a pressing transmission shaft 184 extending leftward and rightward is rotatably disposed between the pressing left transmission cavity 180 and the integrated power cavity 150, a pressing right transmission bevel gear 185 is fixedly disposed at a right end of the pressing transmission shaft 184 in the integrated power cavity 150, the right pressing transmission bevel gear 185 is engaged with the front pressing transmission bevel gear 187, a left pressing transmission bevel gear 183 is fixedly arranged at the left end of the pressing transmission shaft 184 in the left pressing transmission cavity 180, a pressing shaft 126 extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the left pressing transmission cavity 180 and the transverse fixing cavity 124, a rear pressing transmission bevel gear 181 is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the pressing shaft 126, and the rear pressing transmission bevel gear 181 is engaged with the left pressing transmission bevel gear 183, so that the lower iron plate placed on the multi-angle clamp 118 can be fixed.
Next, referring to fig. 1-3, a specific implementation manner of fixing the upper iron plate by the clamping mechanism will be described in detail, wherein a clamping belt cavity 139 is disposed in a rear end wall of the integrated power cavity 150, a clamping output sleeve 145 extending forward and backward is rotatably disposed between the clamping belt cavity 139 and the integrated power cavity 150, a clamping output bevel gear 146 is fixedly disposed at a front end of the clamping output sleeve 145 in the integrated power cavity 150, the clamping output bevel gear 146 is engaged with the driving gear 158, a clamping driving pulley 144 is fixedly disposed at a rear end of the clamping output sleeve 145 in the clamping belt cavity 139, a clamping power cavity 129 is disposed in the angle deviation block 128, the clamping power cavity 129 is located above the clamping sliding groove 190, a clamping transmission shaft 133 extending forward and backward is rotatably disposed between the clamping power cavity 129 and the clamping belt cavity 139, a clamping driven bevel gear 132 is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the clamping transmission shaft 133 in the clamping belt cavity 139, a clamping power belt 138 is arranged between the clamping driven bevel gear 132 and the clamping driving pulley 144 in a transmission manner, a clamping front transmission bevel gear 134 is fixedly arranged at the front end of the clamping transmission shaft 133 in the clamping power cavity 129, a clamping transmission cavity 192 is arranged in the left end wall of the clamping power cavity 129, a clamping transmission shaft 135 extending left and right is rotatably arranged between the clamping transmission cavity 192 and the clamping power cavity 129, a clamping right transmission gear 136 is fixedly arranged at the right end of the clamping transmission shaft 135 in the clamping power cavity 129, the clamping right transmission gear 136 is engaged with the clamping front transmission bevel gear 134, and a clamping driving gear 137 is fixedly arranged at the left end of the clamping transmission shaft 135 in the clamping transmission cavity 192, the clamping transmission cavity 192 and the clamping sliding groove 190 are rotatably provided with a clamping screw 130 extending left and right, the tail end of the left side of the clamping screw 130 in the clamping transmission cavity 192 is fixedly provided with a clamping driven gear 131, the clamping driven gear 131 is meshed with the clamping driving gear 137, a clamping thread 191 is arranged in the longitudinal clamping block 111, and the clamping thread 191 is matched with the clamping screw 130, so that the iron plate vertically placed in the multi-angle clamp 118 can be fixed, and the matching of the iron plate below is kept.
Advantageously, the rotating mechanism of the present application is described in detail with reference to fig. 1-3, wherein a bottom end of the angle deflection block 128 extends into the comprehensive power cavity 150, a rotating torsion spring 149 is elastically disposed between a bottom front end of the angle deflection block 128 and a front end wall of the comprehensive power cavity 150, a rotating gear 147 is fixedly disposed on an outer side end wall of the angle deflection block 128 in the comprehensive power cavity 150, the rotating gear 147 is disengaged from the driving gear 158, and the clamping output sleeve 145 is in clearance fit with the bottom outer side end wall of the angle deflection block 128.
The conveying mechanism of the present application is described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 3, wherein a rack 178 is fixedly disposed on a bottom end wall of the angular sliding cavity 179, a conveying power shaft 117 extending forward and backward is rotatably disposed in the longitudinal clamping block 111, a conveying power gear 177 is fixedly disposed on an outer side end wall of the conveying power shaft 117, the conveying power gear 177 is engaged with the rack 178, a conveying belt cavity 114 is disposed in the longitudinal clamping block 111, a conveying driving pulley 116 is fixedly disposed at a front end of the conveying power shaft 117 in the conveying belt cavity 114, a conveying driven pulley 112 is rotatably disposed in the conveying belt cavity 114, a conveying belt 115 is disposed between the conveying driven pulley 112 and the conveying driving pulley 116 in a transmission manner, a conveying synchronization cavity 143 is disposed in a rear end wall of the compression return spring 120, a conveying synchronization shaft 141 extending left and right is rotatably disposed in the conveying synchronization cavity 143, the tail end of the left side of the conveying synchronizing shaft 141 is fixedly provided with a conveying synchronizing bevel gear 140, the tail end of the rear side of the conveying power shaft 117 in the conveying synchronizing cavity 143 is fixedly provided with a conveying output bevel gear 142, the conveying output bevel gear 142 is meshed with the conveying synchronizing bevel gear 140, and the right side of the clamping power cavity 129 is provided with the same mechanism, so that the matching of materials to be subjected to laser cutting can be ensured while the angle is adjusted.
Next, referring to fig. 1-3, the angle setting mechanism of the present application will be described in detail, wherein an angle driving pulley 148 is fixedly disposed on an outer side end wall of the angle deflection block 128 in the integrated power cavity 150, an angle setting cavity 174 is disposed in a front side end wall of the integrated power cavity 150, an angle display screw 165 extending forward and backward is rotatably disposed between the integrated power cavity 150 and the angle setting cavity 174, an angle driven pulley 160 is fixedly disposed at a rear end of the angle display screw 165 in the integrated power cavity 150, an angle power belt 159 is disposed between the angle driven pulley 160 and the angle driving pulley 148, an angle display slider 176 is slidably disposed in the angle setting cavity 174 forward and backward, an angle display thread 175 is disposed in the angle display slider 176, and the angle display thread 175 is engaged with the angle display screw 165, an angle display cavity 200 is arranged in the front side end wall of the angle setting cavity 174, an angle indicating needle 171 is fixedly arranged at the front side end of the angle display screw 165 in the angle display cavity 200, an angle setting screw 163 extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the angle setting cavity 174, an angle setting slider 161 is arranged in the angle setting cavity 174 in a left-right sliding manner, an angle setting thread 162 is arranged in the angle setting slider 161, the angle setting thread 162 is matched with the angle setting screw 163, a manual nut 167 is fixedly arranged at the front side end of the angle setting screw 163, a transmission cavity 173 is arranged in the rear side end wall of the angle display cavity 200, a transmission sleeve shaft 169 extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the transmission cavity 173 and the angle display cavity 200, and the transmission sleeve shaft 169 is in clearance fit with the angle display screw 165, in angle display chamber 200 set up the fixed pointer 170 that sets up that is provided with of transmission sleeve 169 front end, set up in the transmission chamber 173 set up the fixed driven gear 172 that sets up that is provided with of transmission sleeve 169 rear end, set up in the transmission chamber 173 the fixed driving gear 166 that sets up that is provided with on the angle sets up screw 163 outside end wall, set up driving gear 166 with set up driven gear 172 meshing, be favorable to manual setting laser cutting angle, improve the angle and confirm the precision.
The switching mechanism of the present application is described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 3, wherein a switching sliding block 152 is slidably disposed in the comprehensive power cavity 150 back and forth, the driving motor 151 is fixedly disposed in the switching sliding block 152, a switching power cavity 154 is disposed in a bottom end wall of the comprehensive power cavity 150, a permanent magnet switching sliding block 153 is slidably disposed in the switching power cavity 154 back and forth, a top end wall of the permanent magnet switching sliding block 153 is fixedly connected with a bottom end wall of the switching sliding block 152, a switching return spring 155 is elastically disposed between a front end wall of the switching power cavity 154 and a front end wall of the permanent magnet switching sliding block 153, and a switching electromagnet 156 is fixedly disposed in the front end wall of the switching power cavity 154, so as to facilitate switching the working state of the apparatus and improve the automation degree of the apparatus.
The applicant will now describe in detail the use steps of fixing the material to be laser cut with reference to the accompanying figures 1-3 and the specific composition of the laser cutting focal position control device of the present application described above: first, in an initial state, the switching electromagnet 156 is not energized, the switching slider 152 is located at the rear side of the integrated power cavity 150 to the maximum extent, the main power gear 158 is engaged with the clamping output bevel gear 146, the angle setting slider 161 is disengaged from the angle display slider 176, the pressing cam 127 is disengaged from the pressing slider 121, and the angle deflection block 128 is located at the left side of the angle sliding cavity 179 to the maximum extent;
when the device is used, an operator places a material to be laser-cut on the top of the multi-angle clamp 118 and between the left and right longitudinal clamping blocks 111, the operator manually rotates the manual nut 167, the manual nut 167 drives the angle setting screw 163 to rotate, the angle setting screw 163 drives the angle setting slider 161 to slide to the front side, meanwhile, the permanent magnet switching slider 153 drives the setting driving gear 166 to rotate, the setting driving gear 166 drives the setting driven gear 172 to rotate, the setting driven gear 172 drives the setting transmission sleeve shaft 169 to rotate, the setting transmission sleeve shaft 169 drives the setting indicator needle 170 to rotate, when a required angle is adjusted, the driving motor 151 starts to work, the driving motor 151 drives the main driving shaft 157 to rotate, and the main driving shaft 157 drives the main driving gear 158 to rotate, the driving force gear 158 drives the pressing output gear 188 to rotate, the pressing output gear 188 drives the pressing output shaft 186 to rotate, the pressing output shaft 186 drives the pre-pressing transmission bevel gear 187 to rotate, the pre-pressing transmission bevel gear 187 drives the pressing right transmission bevel gear 185 to rotate, the pressing right transmission bevel gear 185 drives the pressing transmission shaft 184 to rotate, the pressing transmission shaft 184 drives the pressing left transmission bevel gear 183 to rotate, the pressing left transmission bevel gear 183 drives the post-pressing transmission bevel gear 181 to rotate, the pressing shaft 181 drives the pressing shaft 126 to rotate, the pressing shaft 126 drives the pressing synchronous pulley 125 to rotate, the pressing synchronous pulley 125 drives the pressing shaft 126 to rotate, the pressing shaft 126 drives the pressing cam 127 to rotate, and the pressing cam 127 is matched with the pressing slider 121, the pressing cam 127 drives the pressing slider 121 to slide downwards, the pressing slider 121 drives the pressing block 123 to slide downwards, the pressing block 123 fixes the material to be laser-cut placed on the multi-angle fixture 118, meanwhile, the driving power gear 158 drives the clamping output bevel gear 146 to rotate, the clamping output bevel gear 146 drives the clamping output sleeve shaft 145 to rotate, the clamping output sleeve shaft 145 drives the clamping driving pulley 144 to rotate, the clamping driving pulley 144 drives the clamping driven bevel gear 132 to rotate, the clamping driven bevel gear 132 drives the clamping transmission shaft 133 to rotate, the clamping transmission shaft 133 drives the clamping front transmission bevel gear 134 to rotate, the clamping front transmission bevel gear 134 drives the clamping right transmission gear 136 to rotate, and the clamping right transmission gear 136 drives the clamping transmission shaft 135 to rotate, the clamping transmission shaft 135 drives the clamping driving gear 137 to rotate and not drive the clamping driving gear 137 to rotate, the clamping driven gear 131 drives the clamping screw 130 to rotate, the clamping screw 130 drives the longitudinal clamping block 111 to slide towards the rear side, the left and right longitudinal clamping blocks 111 are matched to fix a material with laser cutting placed between the left and right longitudinal clamping blocks 111, at this time, the switching electromagnet 156 is electrified, the permanent magnet switching slider 153 slides towards the front side, the permanent magnet switching slider 153 drives the switching slider 152 to slide towards the front side, the switching slider 152 drives the driving motor 151 to slide towards the front side, the main power gear 158 is meshed with the rotating gear 147, the main power gear 158 drives the rotating gear 147 to rotate, and the rotating gear 147 drives the angle deflection block 128 to rotate, the elastic potential energy of the rotating torsion spring 149 is increased, at the same time, the angle deflection block 128 drives the angle driving pulley 148 to rotate, the angle driving pulley 148 drives the angle driven pulley 160 to rotate, the angle driven pulley 160 drives the angle display screw 165 to rotate, the angle display screw 165 drives the angle display slider 176 to slide to the rear side, at the same time, the angle display screw 165 drives the angle indicator needle 171 to rotate, the angle deflection block 128 drives the longitudinal clamping block 111 to slide to the right side, at the same time, the conveying power gear 177 rotates, the conveying power gear 177 drives the conveying power shaft 117 to rotate, the conveying power shaft 117 drives the conveying driving pulley 116 to rotate, the conveying driving pulley 116 drives the conveying belt 115 to rotate, and the conveying belt 115 drives the material to be laser-cut between the left and right longitudinal clamping blocks 111 to slide downwards, when the angle indicator 171 is matched with the setting indicator 170, the angle display slider 176 is matched with the angle setting slider 161, the switching electromagnet 156 is de-energized, the permanent magnet switching slider 153 slides to the rear side, the permanent magnet switching slider 153 drives the switching slider 152 to slide to the rear side, the main power gear 158 is disengaged from the rotating gear 147, the clamping output bevel gear 146 is matched with the main power gear 158, the driving motor 151 stops working, after the laser cutting is finished, the driving motor 151 works in reverse direction, the driving motor 151 drives the main driving shaft 157 to rotate, the main driving shaft 157 drives the main power gear 158 to rotate in reverse direction, and the main power gear 158 drives the compression cam 127 to rotate in reverse direction through the transmission mechanism, the pressing cam 127 is disengaged from the pressing slider 121, the pressing slider 121 slides upwards, the pressing slider 121 drives the pressing block 123 to slide upwards, meanwhile, the driving power gear 158 drives the longitudinal clamping block 111 to slide towards the left side through the transmission mechanism, the device loosens the material after laser cutting, an operator takes out the material after laser cutting, the driving motor 151 stops working, the angle deflection block 128 rotates reversely under the action of the elastic potential energy of the rotating torsion spring 149 to return to the initial position, and the device returns to the initial state.
From the above detailed analysis it can be seen that: because utilize fixed establishment and fixture to realize treating laser cutting material horizontal and vertical fixed, guarantee among the laser cutting process that treat the laser cutting material and do not take place the skew to can set up horizontal and vertical contained angle according to angle setting mechanism is manual, reduce the degree of dependence to laser cutting personnel, improve the angle precision.
Therefore, the method is more reasonable and ingenious in overall structure, installation, maintenance and overhaul are all very convenient, the device can automatically fix the material to be subjected to laser cutting and automatically deflect according to the set angle, personnel intervention is not needed in the angle deflection process, the angle setting precision is improved, and in the deflection process, the contact between the material to be subjected to laser cutting and the transverse material to be subjected to laser cutting is guaranteed, follow-up laser cutting operation is guaranteed to be carried out smoothly, the device has high-efficiency automation degree in the use process, and the device has high use and popularization values.
The above description is only an embodiment of the invention, but the scope of the invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that are not thought of through the inventive work should be included in the scope of the invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the invention should be subject to the protection scope defined by the claims.

Claims (1)

1. Laser cutting focus position control equipment, including multi-angle anchor clamps, be provided with horizontal fixed chamber in the multi-angle anchor clamps, its characterized in that: the fixing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged in the transverse fixing cavity left and right, each fixing mechanism comprises a pressing sliding block, a pressing block and a pressing cam, the pressing sliding blocks are arranged in the transverse fixing cavity in a vertically sliding mode, a pressing reset spring is elastically arranged between the top end wall of each pressing sliding block and the top end wall of the transverse fixing cavity, a re-tightening sliding chute is arranged in each pressing sliding block, each pressing block is arranged in the re-tightening sliding chute in a sliding mode, a re-tightening spring is elastically arranged between the top end wall of each pressing block and the top end wall of the re-tightening sliding chute, a pressing shaft extending front and back is rotatably arranged in the transverse fixing cavity, each pressing cam is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of each pressing shaft, pressing synchronous belt wheels are fixedly arranged on the outer end walls of the left pressing shaft and the right, the device is provided with a clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism comprises longitudinal clamping blocks which are bilaterally symmetrical, an angle sliding cavity is arranged in the rear end wall of the transverse fixed cavity, an angle deflection block is arranged in the angle sliding cavity in a leftward-rightward sliding manner, a clamping sliding groove is arranged in the angle deflection block, the longitudinal clamping block is arranged in the clamping sliding groove in a sliding manner, a power mechanism is arranged between the clamping mechanism and the fixed mechanism and drives the fixed lower iron plate of the fixed mechanism and simultaneously drives the clamping mechanism to clamp the upper iron plate, wherein the power mechanism comprises a driving motor and a main driving shaft, a comprehensive power cavity is arranged in the end wall at the bottom of the angle sliding cavity, the main driving shaft is rotatably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity, the rear end of the main driving shaft is in power connection with the driving motor which is arranged in the comprehensive power cavity in, the power mechanism and the fixing mechanism are provided with a transmission mechanism for driving the fixing mechanism to fix the lower iron plate; a main power gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the main driving shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, a compaction output shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the comprehensive power cavity, a compaction output gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the rear side of the compaction output shaft, the compaction output gear is meshed with the main power gear, a compaction front transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the compaction output shaft, a compaction left transmission cavity is arranged in the end wall of the left side of the comprehensive power cavity, a compaction transmission shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the compaction left transmission cavity and the comprehensive power cavity, a compaction right transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the right side of the compaction transmission shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, the compaction right transmission bevel gear is meshed with the compaction front transmission bevel gear, and a compaction left transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at, a pressing shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the pressing left transfer cavity and the transverse fixing cavity, a pressing rear transfer bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the rear side of the pressing shaft, and the pressing rear transfer bevel gear is meshed with the pressing left transfer bevel gear, so that a lower iron plate placed on the multi-angle clamp can be fixed; a clamping belt cavity is arranged in the wall of the rear side end of the comprehensive power cavity, a clamping output sleeve shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping belt cavity and the comprehensive power cavity, a clamping output bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the front end of the clamping output sleeve shaft in the comprehensive power cavity, the clamping output bevel gear is meshed with the driving power gear, a clamping driving belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the clamping output sleeve shaft in the clamping belt cavity, a clamping power cavity is arranged in the angle deflection block and is positioned above the clamping sliding groove, a clamping transmission shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping power cavity and the clamping belt cavity, a clamping driven bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping belt cavity, and a clamping power belt is arranged between the clamping driven bevel gear and the clamping driving belt wheel in a transmission manner, a clamping front transmission bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping power cavity, a clamping transmission cavity is arranged in the end wall of the left side of the clamping power cavity, a clamping transmission shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping transmission cavity and the clamping power cavity, a clamping right transmission gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the right side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping power cavity and is meshed with the clamping front transmission bevel gear, a clamping driving gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the clamping transmission shaft in the clamping transmission cavity, a clamping screw rod extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged between the clamping transmission cavity and the clamping sliding groove, a clamping driven gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the clamping screw rod in the clamping transmission cavity and is meshed with the clamping driving gear, clamping threads are arranged in the longitudinal clamping blocks and are matched with the clamping screw rods, so that the iron plate vertically placed in the multi-angle clamp can be fixed conveniently and can be kept to be matched with the lower iron plate; the tail end of the bottom of the angle deflection block extends into the comprehensive power cavity, a rotating torsion spring is elastically arranged between the tail end of the front side of the bottom of the angle deflection block and the front side end wall of the comprehensive power cavity, a rotating gear is fixedly arranged on the outer side end wall of the angle deflection block in the comprehensive power cavity, the rotating gear is disengaged from the driving power gear, and the clamping output sleeve shaft is in clearance fit with the outer side end wall of the bottom of the angle deflection block; a rack is fixedly arranged on the end wall at the bottom of the angular sliding cavity, a conveying power shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the longitudinal clamping block, a conveying power gear is fixedly arranged on the end wall at the outer side of the conveying power shaft and is meshed with the rack, a conveying belt cavity is arranged in the longitudinal clamping block, a conveying driving pulley is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the front side of the conveying power shaft in the conveying belt cavity, a conveying driven pulley is rotatably arranged in the conveying belt cavity, a conveying belt is arranged between the conveying driven pulley and the conveying driving pulley in a transmission manner, a conveying synchronous cavity is arranged in the rear end wall of the compression reset spring, a conveying synchronous shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is rotatably arranged in the conveying synchronous cavity, a conveying synchronous bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the left side of the conveying synchronous shaft, and a conveying output bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the, the conveying output bevel gear is meshed with the conveying synchronous bevel gear, and the same mechanism is arranged on the right side of the clamping power cavity, so that the matching of materials to be subjected to laser cutting is ensured while the angle is adjusted; an angle driving belt wheel is fixedly arranged on the outer side end wall of the angle deflection block in the comprehensive power cavity, an angle setting cavity is arranged in the front side end wall of the comprehensive power cavity, an angle display screw rod extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the comprehensive power cavity and the angle setting cavity, an angle driven belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the rear side end of the angle display screw rod in the comprehensive power cavity, an angle power belt is arranged between the angle driven belt wheel and the angle driving belt wheel in a transmission manner, an angle display sliding block is arranged in the angle setting cavity in a forward and backward sliding manner, an angle display thread is arranged in the angle display sliding block and is matched with the angle display screw rod, an angle display cavity is arranged in the front side end wall of the angle setting cavity, and an angle indicating needle is fixedly arranged at the front side end of the angle display screw rod in the angle, an angle setting screw rod extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged in the angle setting cavity, an angle setting slide block is arranged in the angle setting cavity in a left-right sliding mode, an angle setting thread is arranged in the angle setting slide block, the angle setting thread is matched with the angle setting screw rod, a manual nut is fixedly arranged at the front end of the angle setting screw rod, a setting transmission cavity is arranged in the rear end wall of the angle display cavity, a setting transmission sleeve shaft extending forwards and backwards is rotatably arranged between the setting transmission cavity and the angle display cavity, the setting transmission sleeve shaft is in clearance fit with the angle display screw rod, a setting indicating needle is fixedly arranged at the front end of the setting transmission sleeve shaft in the angle display cavity, a driven gear is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the setting transmission sleeve shaft in the setting transmission cavity, and a driving gear is fixedly arranged on the outer end wall of the angle setting screw rod in the setting transmission cavity, the setting driving gear is meshed with the setting driven gear, so that the manual setting of the laser cutting angle is facilitated, and the angle determination precision is improved; the utility model discloses a switching power cavity, including comprehensive power cavity, driving motor, switching power cavity bottom end wall, permanent magnet switching slider, switching power cavity front end wall and permanent magnet switching slider, the gliding switching sliding block that is provided with around synthesizing the power cavity, driving motor fixed set up in the switching sliding block, be provided with in the comprehensive power cavity bottom end wall and switch the power cavity, the gliding permanent magnet switching slider that is provided with around switching the power cavity, permanent magnet switching slider top end wall with switching sliding block bottom end wall fixed connection, switching power cavity front side end wall with elasticity is provided with switches reset spring between the permanent magnet switching slider front side end wall, switching power cavity front side end wall internal fixation is provided with the switching electro-magnet.
CN201910310201.4A 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Laser cutting focus position control device Active CN109909604B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910310201.4A CN109909604B (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Laser cutting focus position control device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910310201.4A CN109909604B (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Laser cutting focus position control device

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100443238C (en) * 2006-09-07 2008-12-17 大连宝通工业控制有限公司 Floating type laser incision system
CN101450400B (en) * 2007-12-07 2011-05-18 苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司 Desk-top type tool
KR101765288B1 (en) * 2015-04-03 2017-08-07 유승진 Does injection apparatus for precision casting
CN104942451B (en) * 2015-07-03 2016-07-13 厦门大学 The vacuum laser cutter sweep of a kind of porous metal material and method
CN108747025A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-06 哈尔滨焊接研究院有限公司 The asymmetric electric arc combined Crafts of welding by one side in shape by both sides of laser MAG of T connector
CN109291678A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-02-01 陈春苗 A method of file is bound using binding device

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