CN109909419B - Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket - Google Patents

Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109909419B
CN109909419B CN201910287941.0A CN201910287941A CN109909419B CN 109909419 B CN109909419 B CN 109909419B CN 201910287941 A CN201910287941 A CN 201910287941A CN 109909419 B CN109909419 B CN 109909419B
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guide
plate
hole
center
head
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CN109909419A (en
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刘熹
潘长标
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Wuxi Qianzhou Xitang Forging & Pressing Co ltd
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Wuxi Qianzhou Xitang Forging & Pressing Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses forging and pressing equipment for an elliptical seal head, which comprises a base, a female die, a first guide pillar, a male die, a connecting seat, a first guide hole, a support pillar, a support plate, a top plate, a second guide hole, a second guide pillar, a main oil cylinder, an auxiliary oil cylinder and a first connecting head, wherein the first guide pillar is arranged at the bottom of the base; the invention has the advantages of reasonable and simple structure, low production cost and convenient installation, and the main oil cylinder firstly moves downwards to enable the male die to move downwards fast to be close to the blank, thereby improving the forging efficiency; the motor arranged in the invention can drive all the pistons to move downwards together, so that oil in the oil cavity can be conveyed to the corresponding auxiliary oil cylinders through the second connecting head and the connecting pipe, thereby ensuring that all the auxiliary oil cylinders can simultaneously feed oil to enable the left side and the right side of the male die and the rear side of the male die to move downwards together, avoiding the phenomenon of unbalance loading and improving the processing quality; the guide post I and the guide post II are arranged in the device, so that the guide performance of the device can be improved, the phenomenon of unbalance loading is further avoided, and the processing quality is improved.

Description

Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of pressure containers, in particular to forging and pressing equipment for an elliptical seal head.
Background
The seal head is an end cover on the pressure vessel and is a main pressure-bearing part of the pressure vessel. According to different geometric shapes, the sealing head can be divided into a spherical sealing head, an oval sealing head, a disc sealing head, a spherical cap sealing head, a conical shell sealing head, a flat cover sealing head and the like, wherein the spherical sealing head, the oval sealing head, the disc sealing head and the spherical cap sealing head are collectively called as a convex sealing head; the seal head can be used for various container devices, such as storage tanks, heat exchangers, towers, reaction kettles, boilers, separation devices and the like; the existing forging and pressing equipment for the oval end socket is easy to generate the phenomenon of unbalance loading during forging and pressing, so that the quality of the machined oval end socket is seriously influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems, and provides forging and pressing equipment for the elliptical head, which solves the problem that the quality of the processed elliptical head is seriously influenced due to the phenomenon of unbalanced load easily generated during forging and pressing of the existing forging and pressing equipment for the elliptical head.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides an oval head is with forging and pressing equipment which innovation point lies in: the device comprises a base, a female die, a first guide pillar, a male die, a connecting seat, a first guide hole, a support pillar, a support plate, a top plate, a second guide hole, a second guide pillar, a main oil cylinder, an auxiliary oil cylinder, a first connecting head, a connecting plate, a first through hole, a nut sleeve body, a push-pull rod, a screw rod, a second through hole, a groove, a cover plate, a piston, an oil cavity, a second connecting head, a motor, a connecting pipe and a; the bottom of the female die is fixedly connected to the center of the top surface of the base; the number of the first guide posts is four, the bottoms of the first guide posts are fixedly connected to the four corners of the top surface of the base respectively, and the tops of the first guide posts are fixedly connected with the four corners corresponding to the bottom surface of the top plate respectively; the number of the guide holes I is four, the guide holes I are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the connecting seat, and the guide holes I are respectively movably connected to the corresponding guide posts I; the supporting columns are a plurality of, the tops of the supporting columns are respectively and uniformly fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the supporting plate, and the bottoms of the supporting columns are respectively and uniformly fixedly connected to the corresponding positions of the top surface of the connecting seat; the guide holes II are arranged in the periphery of the center of the top plate in a circular manner respectively, and are movably connected with guide pillars II; the bottoms of the second guide pillars are fixedly connected to the top surface of the supporting plate; the main oil cylinder is fixedly connected to the center of the top plate, and the lower telescopic end of the main oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the center of the top surface of the supporting plate; the number of the auxiliary oil cylinders is four, the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the center of the connecting seat and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the connecting seat respectively, the telescopic ends of the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the top surface of the male die and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the top surface of the male die respectively; the number of the oil cavities is four, the oil cavities are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the shell, and pistons are vertically and movably connected inside the oil cavities; the centers of the tops of the pistons are fixedly connected with push-pull rods; the top of the push-pull rod is respectively fixedly connected to the four corners of the bottom of the connecting plate; a first through hole is formed in the center of the connecting plate; a nut sleeve body is fixedly connected to an opening at the bottom of the through hole; the threaded hole in the nut sleeve body is movably connected to the screw rod; the bottom end of the screw is fixedly connected to the output shaft end on the upper side of the motor; the motor is fixedly connected to the inside of the lower side of the center of the shell; the cover plate is fixedly connected to the top surface of the shell; the second through hole is positioned right below the nut sleeve body and is arranged in the center of the cover plate; the groove is positioned right below the second through hole and is arranged in the center of the upper side of the shell; the number of the second connectors is four, the second connectors are respectively and fixedly connected to the inlet and the outlet of the lower side face of the corresponding oil cavity, and the second connectors are respectively connected with the corresponding first connectors through connecting pipes.
Preferably, the axis of the second guide post is parallel to the axis of the second guide post.
Preferably, the central line of the main oil cylinder is parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar.
Preferably, the central lines of the auxiliary oil cylinders are all parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar.
Preferably, the axis of the push-pull rod and the axis of the screw rod are parallel to each other.
Preferably, the motor is a reduction motor.
Preferably, the aperture of the second through hole is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body.
Preferably, the aperture of the groove is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the invention has the advantages of reasonable and simple structure, low production cost and convenient installation, and the main oil cylinder firstly moves downwards to enable the male die to move downwards quickly to be close to the blank, thereby improving the forging efficiency.
(2) The motor arranged in the invention can drive all the pistons to move downwards together, so that oil in the oil cavity can be conveyed to the corresponding auxiliary oil cylinders through the second connector and the connecting pipe, thereby ensuring that all the auxiliary oil cylinders can simultaneously feed oil to enable the left side and the right side of the male die and the rear side of the male die to move downwards together, avoiding the phenomenon of unbalance loading and improving the processing quality.
(3) The guide post I and the guide post II are arranged in the device, so that the guide performance of the device can be improved, the phenomenon of unbalance loading is further avoided, and the processing quality is improved.
Drawings
For ease of illustration, the invention is described in detail by the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 2.
1-a base; 2-a female die; 3, a first guide pillar; 4-a male die; 5-a connecting seat; 6-guide hole one; 7-a support column; 8-a support plate; 9-a top plate; 10-guide hole two; 11-guide pillar two; 12-a master cylinder; 13-auxiliary oil cylinder; 14-connector one; 15-a connecting plate; 16-a first through hole; 17-nut sleeve body; 18-a push-pull rod; 19-a screw; 20-a second through hole; 21-a groove; 22-a cover plate; 23-a piston; 24-an oil chamber; 25-connector II; 26-a motor; 27-a connecting tube; 28-shell.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the following technical solutions are adopted in the present embodiment: a forging and pressing device for an oval end socket comprises a base 1, a female die 2, a first guide pillar 3, a male die 4, a connecting seat 5, a first guide hole 6, a support pillar 7, a support plate 8, a top plate 9, a second guide hole 10, a second guide pillar 11, a main oil cylinder 12, an auxiliary oil cylinder 13, a first connecting head 14, a connecting plate 15, a first through hole 16, a nut sleeve body 17, a push-pull rod 18, a screw rod 19, a second through hole 20, a groove 21, a cover plate 22, a piston 23, an oil cavity 24, a second connecting head 25, a motor 26, a connecting pipe 27 and a shell; the bottom of the female die 2 is fixedly connected to the center of the top surface of the base 1; the number of the first guide posts 3 is four, the bottoms of the first guide posts 3 are fixedly connected to the four corners of the top surface of the base 1 respectively, and the tops of the first guide posts 3 are fixedly connected with the four corners corresponding to the bottom surface of the top plate 9 respectively; the number of the guide holes I6 is four, the guide holes I6 are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the connecting seat 5, and the guide holes I6 are respectively movably connected to the corresponding guide posts I3; the top parts of the support columns 7 are uniformly and fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the support plate 8 respectively, and the bottom parts of the support columns 7 are uniformly and fixedly connected to the corresponding positions on the top surface of the connecting seat 5 respectively; the guide holes II 10 are a plurality of guide holes II, the guide holes II 10 are respectively arranged in the periphery of the center of the top plate 9 in a circular manner, and guide posts II 11 are movably connected in the guide holes II 10; the bottoms of the second guide pillars 11 are fixedly connected to the top surface of the support plate 8; the main oil cylinder 12 is fixedly connected to the center of the top plate 9, and the telescopic end of the lower side of the main oil cylinder 12 is fixedly connected with the center of the top surface of the supporting plate 8; the number of the auxiliary oil cylinders 13 is four, the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders 13 are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the center of the connecting seat 5 and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the center of the connecting seat 5 respectively, the telescopic ends of the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders 13 are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the top surface of the male die 4 and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the top surface of the male; the number of the oil chambers 24 is four, the oil chambers 24 are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the shell 28, and pistons 23 are vertically and movably connected inside the oil chambers 24; the centers of the tops of the pistons 23 are fixedly connected with push-pull rods 18; the top of the push-pull rod 18 is respectively fixedly connected to the four corners of the bottom of the connecting plate 15; a first through hole 16 is formed in the center of the connecting plate 15; a nut sleeve body 17 is fixedly connected to an opening at the bottom of the first through hole 16; the threaded hole in the nut sleeve body 17 is movably connected to the screw rod 19; the bottom end of the screw rod 19 is fixedly connected to the output shaft end on the upper side of the motor 26; the motor 26 is fixedly connected to the lower side of the center of the shell 28; the cover plate 22 is fixedly connected to the top surface of the shell 28; the second through hole 20 is positioned right below the nut sleeve body 17, and the second through hole 20 is arranged in the center of the cover plate 22; the groove 21 is positioned right below the second through hole 20, and the groove 21 is arranged in the center of the upper side of the shell 28; the number of the second connectors 25 is four, the second connectors 25 are respectively and fixedly connected to the entrances and exits on the lower side surfaces of the corresponding oil cavities 24, and the second connectors 25 are respectively connected with the corresponding first connectors 14 through connecting pipes 27.
The axis of the second guide pillar 11 is parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar 11; the central line of the main oil cylinder 12 is parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar 11; the central lines of the auxiliary oil cylinders 13 are all parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar 11; the axial line of the push-pull rod 18 and the axial line of the screw rod 19 are parallel to each other; the motor 26 is a speed reducing motor; the aperture of the second through hole 20 is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body 17; the aperture of the groove 21 is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body 17.
The using state of the invention is as follows: the invention has the advantages of reasonable and simple structure, low production cost and convenient installation, when in use, firstly, the blank is placed on the female die 2, then the main oil cylinder 12 firstly moves downwards to enable the convex mould 4 to be close to the blank, then the motor 26 is started to drive the screw rod 19 to rotate, the rotation of the screw rod 19 moves the nut sleeve 17 downwards, and the downward movement of the nut sleeve 17 drives all the push-pull rods 18 and the piston 23 to move downwards together through the connecting plate 15, and the downward movement of the piston 23 transfers the oil in the oil chamber 24 to the sub-cylinder 13 through the second connector 25 and the connecting pipe 27, thereby ensuring that all the auxiliary oil cylinders 13 can simultaneously feed oil to ensure that the left side and the right side of the male die 4 and the rear side thereof move downwards together, avoiding the phenomenon of unbalance loading and improving the processing quality, in addition, the guide columns I3 and II 11 are arranged, so that the guide performance of the equipment can be improved, the phenomenon of unbalance loading is further avoided, and the processing quality is improved.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that the terms "coaxial", "bottom", "one end", "top", "middle", "other end", "upper", "one side", "top", "inner", "front", "center", "two ends", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "connected," "fixed," "screwed" and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as being fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrated; can be mechanically or electrically connected; the terms may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate, and may be communication between two elements or interaction relationship between two elements, unless otherwise specifically defined, and the specific meaning of the terms in the invention is understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
While there have been shown and described what are at present considered the fundamental principles of the invention and its essential features and advantages, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited by the embodiments described above, which are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an oval forging and pressing equipment for head which characterized in that: the device comprises a base (1), a female die (2), a first guide pillar (3), a male die (4), a connecting seat (5), a first guide hole (6), a support pillar (7), a support plate (8), a top plate (9), a second guide hole (10), a second guide pillar (11), a main oil cylinder (12), an auxiliary oil cylinder (13), a first connecting head (14), a connecting plate (15), a first through hole (16), a nut sleeve body (17), a push-pull rod (18), a screw rod (19), a second through hole (20), a groove (21), a cover plate (22), a piston (23), an oil cavity (24), a second connecting head (25), a motor (26), a connecting pipe (27) and a shell (;
the bottom of the female die (2) is fixedly connected to the center of the top surface of the base (1);
the number of the first guide posts (3) is four, the bottoms of the first guide posts (3) are respectively and fixedly connected to four corners of the top surface of the base (1), and the tops of the first guide posts (3) are respectively and fixedly connected with the four corners corresponding to the bottom surface of the top plate (9);
the number of the guide holes I (6) is four, the guide holes I (6) are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the connecting seat (5), and the guide holes I (6) are respectively movably connected to the corresponding guide posts I (3);
the supporting columns (7) are multiple, the tops of the supporting columns (7) are respectively and uniformly fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the supporting plate (8), and the bottoms of the supporting columns (7) are respectively and uniformly fixedly connected to the corresponding positions of the top surface of the connecting seat (5);
the guide holes II (10) are a plurality of guide holes II, the guide holes II (10) are respectively arranged in the periphery of the center of the top plate (9) in a circular manner, and guide posts II (11) are movably connected in the guide holes II (10);
the bottoms of the second guide pillars (11) are fixedly connected to the top surface of the support plate (8);
the main oil cylinder (12) is fixedly connected to the center of the top plate (9), and the telescopic end of the lower side of the main oil cylinder (12) is fixedly connected with the center of the top surface of the supporting plate (8);
the number of the auxiliary oil cylinders (13) is four, the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders (13) are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the center of the connecting seat (5) and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the center of the connecting seat respectively, the telescopic ends of the lower sides of the auxiliary oil cylinders (13) are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the top surface of the male die (4) and the positions of the front side and the rear side of the top surface of the male die respectively, and;
the number of the oil chambers (24) is four, the oil chambers (24) are respectively arranged in the four-corner positions of the shell (28), and pistons (23) are vertically and movably connected inside the oil chambers (24);
the centers of the tops of the pistons (23) are fixedly connected with push-pull rods (18);
the top of the push-pull rod (18) is respectively and fixedly connected to the four corners of the bottom of the connecting plate (15);
a first through hole (16) is formed in the center of the connecting plate (15);
a nut sleeve body (17) is fixedly connected to an opening at the bottom of the first through hole (16);
the threaded hole in the nut sleeve body (17) is movably connected to the screw rod (19);
the bottom end of the screw rod (19) is fixedly connected to the output shaft end on the upper side of the motor (26);
the motor (26) is fixedly connected to the lower side of the center of the shell (28);
the cover plate (22) is fixedly connected to the top surface of the shell (28);
the second through hole (20) is positioned right below the nut sleeve body (17), and the second through hole (20) is arranged in the center of the cover plate (22);
the groove (21) is positioned right below the second through hole (20), and the groove (21) is arranged in the center of the upper side of the shell (28);
the number of the second connectors (25) is four, the second connectors (25) are respectively fixedly connected to the entrances of the lower side surfaces of the corresponding oil cavities (24), and the second connectors (25) are respectively connected with the corresponding first connectors (14) through connecting pipes (27).
2. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the axis of the second guide post (11) is parallel to the axis of the second guide post (11).
3. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the central line of the main oil cylinder (12) is parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar (11).
4. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the central lines of the auxiliary oil cylinders (13) are all parallel to the axis of the second guide pillar (11).
5. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the axial line of the push-pull rod (18) and the axial line of the screw rod (19) are parallel to each other.
6. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the motor (26) is a speed reducing motor.
7. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the aperture of the second through hole (20) is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body (17).
8. The forging equipment for the elliptical head as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the aperture of the groove (21) is larger than the outer diameter of the nut sleeve body (17).
CN201910287941.0A 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket Active CN109909419B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910287941.0A CN109909419B (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910287941.0A CN109909419B (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Forging and pressing equipment for oval end socket

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CN109909419A CN109909419A (en) 2019-06-21
CN109909419B true CN109909419B (en) 2020-07-17

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000042655A (en) * 1998-07-23 2000-02-15 Toyota Shatai Seiko Kk Die clamping device of press
CN2626646Y (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-07-21 上海运良锻压机床有限公司 Cylinder pushing hydraulic screw press
CN201769377U (en) * 2010-06-22 2011-03-23 中国长江航运集团南京金陵船厂 Oil press
CN103722063A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-04-16 长沙仙达实业有限公司 Punching machine and method for punching workpiece
CN105312384A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-10 佛山市康思达液压机械有限公司 Multifunctional combined hydraulic machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000042655A (en) * 1998-07-23 2000-02-15 Toyota Shatai Seiko Kk Die clamping device of press
CN2626646Y (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-07-21 上海运良锻压机床有限公司 Cylinder pushing hydraulic screw press
CN201769377U (en) * 2010-06-22 2011-03-23 中国长江航运集团南京金陵船厂 Oil press
CN103722063A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-04-16 长沙仙达实业有限公司 Punching machine and method for punching workpiece
CN105312384A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-10 佛山市康思达液压机械有限公司 Multifunctional combined hydraulic machine

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