CN109898893A - A kind of sunshade top structure and its solar-energy awning - Google Patents

A kind of sunshade top structure and its solar-energy awning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109898893A
CN109898893A CN201910209827.6A CN201910209827A CN109898893A CN 109898893 A CN109898893 A CN 109898893A CN 201910209827 A CN201910209827 A CN 201910209827A CN 109898893 A CN109898893 A CN 109898893A
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China
Prior art keywords
blade
mounting plate
fixed mounting
sunshade
solar
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CN201910209827.6A
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CN109898893B (en
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黄锋
曹宝珠
尚春静
袁祥
陈建国
刘宇峰
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Hainan University
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Hainan University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sunshade top structures, including stress support, it is in horizontal top that stress support, which has an entirety, lower horizontal is set side by side with multiple illumination cooling devices at the top of stress support, the illumination cooling device, the fixed mounting plate of square including one in integral level setting, fixed mounting plate lower surface is provided with illuminator by mounting base, four corners of fixed mounting plate can be arranged there are three the whole blade in horizontal rectangular with horizontally rotating, and three blades can turn to fully unfolded position and fold rounding state.The invention also discloses a kind of solar-energy awnings using above-mentioned sunshade top structure.Sunshading and temperature reducing significant effect of the present invention.And the ability with higher for resisting severe hazard weather, sunshade self-security and reliability are improved, is particularly suitable for coastal cities in south China and uses.

Description

A kind of sunshade top structure and its solar-energy awning
Technical field
The present invention relates to city sunshade technical field of buildings, and in particular to a kind of sunshade top structure and its solar energy Sunshade.
Background technique
The regional location in some adfluxions in city, especially Shelter in South China Cities, such as traffic lights waiting area, bus It stands, subway entrance and shopping mall etc., it is often necessary to which sunshade booth structure is set, so that pedestrian's shading keeps away sun.
Only there is general sunshade simple shading to keep away positive function.There is also parts with special in the prior art The sunshade of function is built.Such as a kind of CN103438525A once disclosed large-scale parasol with spray cooling system, Neng Gouli Solar energy is used to manufacture mist cooling effect, then a kind of once disclosed environmentally friendly traffic lights waiting of such as CN205422028U as electric power Area, bus stop canopy, not only have the function of solar power generation, additionally it is possible to collect rain water electricity generating, fill for illuminating, meeting an urgent need Electricity etc. is used.
But these existing city sunshades, however it remains the poor defect of cooling effect.Simultaneously south especially Southern coastal cities often have the bad weathers such as heavy rainfall, hail even typhoon, hazard weather occurs.General sunshade, It is easily damaged under this severe hazard weather effect, therefore severe hazard weather ability is poor, and safety is poor there is also resisting Defect.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: how providing one kind can mention Its high ability for resisting severe hazard weather, improves the sunshade top structure of self-security and reliability, and provides simultaneously A kind of sun sunshade using the structure, makes it have the good feature of sunshading and temperature reducing effect.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs the following technical solutions:
A kind of sunshade top structure, including stress support, it is in horizontal top, stress support that stress support, which has an entirety, Top lower horizontal is set side by side with multiple illumination cooling devices, the illumination cooling device, including one sets in integral level The fixed mounting plate for the square set, fixed mounting plate lower surface are provided with illuminator by mounting base, and fixed mounting plate is logical It crosses connecting rod and stress support is fixedly linked, four corners of fixed mounting plate are respectively fixedly installed an installation straight up Axis, can be arranged with horizontally rotating in every installation axle there are three it is whole be in horizontal rectangular blade, a length of fixed installation of blade edge Plate half side length size is vertically overlapped by vertical sleeve and is coaxially rotatably connected with installation axle at blade rectangular corners It connects, sleeve axle center and installation axle axle center and fixed mounting plate corner location are vertically overlapped, and energy is additionally provided in fixed mounting plate Enough the blade control device for pivoting of control blade rotation, blade control device for pivoting can control three blades and turn to complete exhibition Open state and folding rounding state, the vertical projection of three blades to same levels is in when three blades are in fully unfolded position It is mutually linked state, when three blades are in rounding state is folded, three blades are each rotated to fixed mounting plate corner a quarter Within the scope of the vertical projection of area position, when blade is in fully unfolded position, each illumination cooling device horizontal plane projection is in The rectangle of existing twice of fixed mounting plate side length, and in the vertical projection of same level between each adjacent two illumination cooling device In linking adjacent states, the fixed mounting plate and blade upper surface are provided with solar energy photovoltaic panel, fixed mounting plate and/or Spray head is installed, spray head is connected by water pipe and water pump with water tank below blade.
In this way, illumination cooling device can integrate illumination and nozzle spraying cooling function, night can open illumination Lamp lighting can open nozzle spraying cooling when needing to cool down.And more importantly unique blade construction design, so that flat When normal condition under, controllable blade turns to fully unfolded position, with utmostly absorb solar energy and to lower section personnel hide It keeps off the sun.And when encountering bad weather, can control three blades is in collapse folded state, when encountering typhoon weather in this way, Leaf folding, which exposes gap, can greatly reduce windage, while equal refolding has three layers of leaf in the entire plate face of fixed mounting plate Piece greatly improves the intensity of resistance to deformation;Equally when encountering heavy rainfall or hail weather, can also reduce after leaf folding by Area is hit, while improving the anti-Beating Strength in folding position.Therefore greatly improve the stability of sunshade in inclement weather And safety.Meanwhile when sunshade is set to the positions such as underpass entrance or subway entrance, overcast sky is encountered, it can also To control blade in rounding state is folded, to improve ventilation effect, solar energy is collected when bright spring day controls mounted blade again, to store Battery charging is spare.
Further, the blade control device for pivoting can be realized using motor driven gear transmission mechanism, specifically It says, blade control device for pivoting includes that the driven gear being arranged coaxially is fixed on the sleeve of each blade corner, and three passive Gear is respectively and a driving gear engagement, three driving gears are coaxially set in the active being vertically arranged in fixed mounting plate On gear shaft, driving gear shaft is connected with the motor drive for being fixed on fixed mounting plate, the ratio of the transmission ratio of three pairs of meshing gears Value is 1:2:3;The side of rotation direction corresponds to driving gear shaft and is provided with resigning when collapsing above the blade to leaf folding Through slot, resigning through slot are arranged up and down, so that blade turns to when folding rounding state, driving gear shaft can be dropped into and be allowed In the slot of position.
In this way, can be rotated horizontally by motor control blade along installation axle.Using gear drive, nibbled due to three pairs The ratio of the driving gear driven gear transmission ratio of conjunction is 1:2:3, and can make can be square by the rotation output of a motor Just control the angular dimension that three pieces of blades successively rotate 90 °, 180 ° and 270 °, can rotate simultaneously and vertically overlap to At fixed mounting plate a quarter position, realizes fully unfolded position and fold the conversion and control between rounding state.It is arranged Resigning through slot, when can rotate to avoid blade to fold rounding state and driving gear shaft generates interference.
Further, one side surface of blade, which is located at resigning through slot position and is also bonded, is provided with resigning through slot block, steps down logical Slot block is provided with reset spring along the direction away from recessing groove notch, and reset spring is mounted on the spring of vane side surface In mounting groove and it is connected between resigning through slot block and blade.
In this way, it is convenient when blade turns to fully unfolded position, it is logical resigning can be sheltered from by resigning through slot block Slot.
Further, fixed mounting plate upper surface is additionally provided with illuminance transducer, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor, shines Degree sensor, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor is equal is connected with controller, the motor of controller and blade control device for pivoting It is connected.In this way, can detecte solar illumination, rainwater intensity and wind pressure intensity size, judge whether in bright spring day or evil Bad weather conditions realize that blade turns between fully unfolded position and folding rounding state to automatically control according to weather conditions Change control;Improve sunshade automatic controlling level.
Further, have above illumination cooling device and be arranged to latticed solar energy vacuum tube group, and solar energy is true Solar energy vacuum tube face in blank pipe group is arranged in phase of the two neighboring illumination cooling device blade in fully unfolded position when Adjacent joining place.
In this way, can be in favor of solar energy be farthest absorbed and utilized.
The invention also discloses a kind of solar-energy awning, the solar-energy awning includes the stress branch in the setting of canopy shape Frame, it is in horizontal top and the support portion vertically arranged positioned at top two sides that stress support, which has one, which is characterized in that top On be provided with above-mentioned sunshade top structure, further include spray cooling system, spray cooling system includes being mounted on stress branch The spray head of top of the trellis further includes water tank, and spray head is connected by water pipe and water pump with water tank, further includes being set at the top of stress support Solar energy vacuum tube group, solar energy vacuum tube group is made of the solar energy vacuum tube of several connections and has a hot-fluid medium Output end, hot-fluid medium output end connect back to the input terminal of solar energy vacuum tube group by a hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline, also The absorption system of underground is embedded in including one, absorption system includes a generator and an evaporator, The hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline is connected with the heat source input terminal of generator and the heat source as generator, the system of the evaporator Cold end is connected by a water tank heat exchange loop pipeline with water tank.
In this way, absorbing solar energy in this sunshade as heat source by solar energy vacuum tube, driving the absorption system of underground Cooling system works, and realizes heat exchange refrigeration, by evaporator by the realization of water tank heat exchange loop pipeline to the drop of water tank memory water storage Temperature, the water that such spray head sprays are cooling water, thus make full use of the sun to be able to achieve the cooling to spray head water spray, greatly mention The high cooling effect of spray head water spray.
Further, the spray head is atomizer.
In this way, spraying atomized steam, can preferably improve comfortable on spray head cooling effect and lower section personnel's sense organ Degree.
Further, the absorption system further includes an absorber and a condenser, absorber output end Be connected with generator, generator output end is connected with condenser, and condenser output end is connected with evaporator, evaporator output end and Absorber is connected, and constitutes refrigeration cycle path, and the generator, condenser and evaporator are set to underground close to landscape position, The absorber is set to underground far from landscape position.
In this way, coolant liquid absorbs heat evaporation in the evaporator in refrigeration cycle path when absorption system works, The steam of formation, which is transmitted in absorber, is absorbed agent absorption, and the absorbent for absorbing refrigerant vapor send into generator, sending out By the hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline heating as heat source in raw device, refrigerant vapour is isolated, the refrigerant vapour isolated is again It is transported in condenser and is condensed into liquid, then enter back into evaporator, after evaporator evaporation endothermic, refrigeration end is realized To the refrigeration of water tank heat exchange loop, and then realize the cooling to water tank memory water storage.Wherein, absorber is located remotely from earth's surface Position, temperature is lower, is more conducively disposed in proximity to landscape position to the absorption of refrigerant vapour, generator and evaporator, more sharp Heat exchange, whole raising refrigeration and heat exchange efficiency are realized in external.
Further, absorption system further includes a condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline, condenser heat-exchanging loop pipe Road one end is connected with condenser, and the other end is embedded in downwards far from landscape position.
In this way, condenser has further used thin solum below earth's surface (long-term 10 to 20 degree) as natural cold source, mention The high refrigeration effect of absorption system, environmental protection, energy conservation and reliable.
Further, ground is also equipped with cold emission plate below stress support, and absorption system further includes one cold Radiant panel heat-exchanging loop pipeline, cold emission plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline one end are connected heat exchange with the refrigeration end of evaporator, the other end and Cold emission plate, which is connected, to exchange heat.
In this way, driving the cooling of cold emission plate by evaporator, surface temperature under canopy is further decreased, when someone enters canopy After lower, top sunshade and mist cooling, while lower section cools down by the cold emission of cold emission plate, can greatly improve and keep away positive people under canopy Member's comfort level, salubrious significant effect.
Further, it is additionally provided with pressure sensor on cold emission plate, temperature sensor is additionally provided on stress support, temperature Degree sensor is connected with pressure sensor and a controller, and controller is connected with spray head and water pump.
In this way, detecting that temperature increases by temperature sensor, pressure sensor, which detects below greenhouse, certain number Afterwards, i.e., controllable spray head opens mist cooling, improves intelligence degree.
Further, the water tank is circumscribed with rain water collecting system and municipal water pipe line.
In this way, water tank can collect rainwater make-up water source, spray head water source can also be guaranteed by municipal water pipe make-up water source It is in liberal supply.Filtering can also be set when implementation, in rain water collecting system or purification device is realized to the purified treatment of water, avoided Water pipe or spray head blocking.
Further, it is also equipped with solar energy photovoltaic panel at the top of stress support, solar energy photovoltaic panel is connected with battery, stores Battery as power supply respectively with water pump, spray head, absorption system and other need power supply unit to be connected.
In this way, improving the efficiency of solar energy utilization by solar powered.
Further, lower horizontal is set side by side with multiple illumination cooling devices, the illumination cooling at the top of stress support Device, the fixed mounting plate of the square including one in integral level setting, fixed mounting plate lower surface is set by mounting base It is equipped with illuminator, fixed mounting plate is fixedly linked by connecting rod and stress support, and four corners of fixed mounting plate are each perpendicular It is directly fixedly installed an installation axle upwards, can be arranged with horizontally rotating in every installation axle there are three entirety is in horizontal rectangular Blade, blade edge a length of fixed mounting plate half side length size are vertically folded by vertical sleeve at blade rectangular corners It closes and is coaxially rotatably connected with installation axle, sleeve axle center and installation axle axle center and fixed mounting plate corner location vertically weigh It closes, the blade control device for pivoting that can control blade rotation, blade control device for pivoting energy is additionally provided in fixed mounting plate It enough controls three blades to turn to fully unfolded position and fold rounding state, three leaves when three blades are in fully unfolded position The vertical projection of piece to same level is in the state that is mutually linked, and when three blades are in rounding state is folded, three blades revolve It goes within the scope of the vertical projection of fixed mounting plate corner a quarter area position, when blade is in fully unfolded position, often The rectangle of twice of fixed mounting plate side length is presented in a illumination cooling device horizontal plane projection, and each adjacent two illuminates cooling device Between same level vertical projection in linking adjacent states, the fixed mounting plate and blade upper surface are respectively provided with Solar energy photovoltaic panel is stated, the spray head is installed below fixed mounting plate and/or blade.
In this way, illumination cooling device can integrate illumination and nozzle spraying cooling function, night can open illumination Lamp lighting can open nozzle spraying cooling when needing to cool down.And more importantly unique blade construction design, so that flat When normal condition under, controllable blade turns to fully unfolded position, with utmostly absorb solar energy and to lower section personnel hide It keeps off the sun.And when encountering bad weather, can control three blades is in collapse folded state, when encountering typhoon weather in this way, Leaf folding, which exposes gap, can greatly reduce windage, while equal refolding has three layers of leaf in the entire plate face of fixed mounting plate Piece greatly improves the intensity of resistance to deformation;Equally when encountering heavy rainfall or hail weather, can also reduce after leaf folding by Area is hit, while improving the anti-Beating Strength in folding position.Therefore greatly improve the stability of sunshade in inclement weather And safety.Meanwhile when sunshade is set to the positions such as underpass entrance or subway entrance, overcast sky is encountered, it can also To control blade in rounding state is folded, to improve ventilation effect, solar energy is collected when bright spring day controls mounted blade again, to store Battery charging is spare.
When it is implemented, further, each illumination cooling device can be set to outside along the two sides of stress support middle line The lower inclined state of general plan, after mounted blade, blade edge can be in slightly dislocation overlapping cloth between two neighboring illumination cooling device It sets;Then rainwater-collecting slot is set in the lower side in fixed mounting plate upper surface at middle part and bottom side blade edge, Water tank is connected to by rainwater-collecting pipeline again, rain water collecting system is formed, can preferably conduct and collect rainwater in this way.
Further, the blade control device for pivoting can be realized using motor driven gear transmission mechanism, specifically It says, blade control device for pivoting includes that the driven gear being arranged coaxially is fixed on the sleeve of each blade corner, and three passive Gear is respectively and a driving gear engagement, three driving gears are coaxially set in the active being vertically arranged in fixed mounting plate On gear shaft, driving gear shaft is connected with the motor drive for being fixed on fixed mounting plate, the ratio of the transmission ratio of three pairs of meshing gears Value is 1:2:3;The side of rotation direction corresponds to driving gear shaft and is provided with resigning when collapsing above the blade to leaf folding Through slot, resigning through slot are arranged up and down, so that blade turns to when folding rounding state, driving gear shaft can be dropped into and be allowed In the slot of position.
In this way, can be rotated horizontally by motor control blade along installation axle.Using gear drive, nibbled due to three pairs The ratio of the driving gear driven gear transmission ratio of conjunction is 1:2:3, and can make can be square by the rotation output of a motor Just control the angular dimension that three pieces of blades successively rotate 90 °, 180 ° and 270 °, can rotate simultaneously and vertically overlap to At fixed mounting plate a quarter position, realizes fully unfolded position and fold the conversion and control between rounding state.It is arranged Resigning through slot, when can rotate to avoid blade to fold rounding state and driving gear shaft generates interference.
Further, one side surface of blade, which is located at resigning through slot position and is also bonded, is provided with resigning through slot block, steps down logical Slot block is provided with reset spring along the direction away from recessing groove notch, and reset spring is mounted on the spring of vane side surface In mounting groove and it is connected between resigning through slot block and blade.
In this way, it is convenient when blade turns to fully unfolded position, it is logical resigning can be sheltered from by resigning through slot block Slot.
Further, fixed mounting plate upper surface is additionally provided with illuminance transducer, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor, shines Degree sensor, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor is equal is connected with the controller, controller and blade control device for pivoting Motor is connected.In this way, can detecte solar illumination, rainwater intensity and wind pressure intensity size, judge whether in bright spring day or Person's severe weather conditions realize blade between fully unfolded position and folding rounding state to be automatically controlled according to weather conditions Conversion and control;Improve sunshade automatic controlling level.
Further, solar energy vacuum tube group is arranged to latticed above illumination cooling device, and solar energy vacuum tube Face is arranged in adjacent joining place of the two neighboring illumination cooling device blade in fully unfolded position when.
In this way, can be in favor of solar energy be farthest absorbed and utilized.
In conclusion sunshading and temperature reducing significant effect of the present invention.And the ability with higher for resisting severe hazard weather, it mentions High greenhouse self-security and reliability, are particularly suitable for coastal cities in south China and use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure simplified schematic diagram of one of embodiment of the present invention solar-energy awning.
Fig. 2 is the floor map in Fig. 1 at the top of independent stress support from overlook direction, only illustrates a photograph in figure Publicly price-reduction temperature apparatus structure, remaining omission.
Fig. 3 is the floor map of independent illumination cooling device in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the front view of Fig. 3.
Blade is in the schematic diagram for folding rounding state in the illumination cooling device that Fig. 5 is Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of independent gear drive in embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of Fig. 6 overlook direction, only illustrates a blade in figure.
Fig. 8 is the major part electrical structure schematic block diagram of solar-energy awning in embodiment.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Preferred embodiment: referring to shown in Fig. 1-7, a kind of solar-energy awning, including the stress support in the setting of canopy shape 1, there is stress support 1 one (can be fully horizontal top in horizontal mean on the whole in horizontal top on the whole Portion, or intermediate, top that two sides slightly tilt down slightly convex along middle line) and the support portion vertically arranged positioned at top two sides, It further include spray cooling system, it further includes water tank 3, spray head that spray cooling system, which includes the spray head 2 being mounted at the top of stress support, 2 are connected by water pipe 4 and water pump with water tank 3, further include the solar energy vacuum tube group 5 being set at the top of stress support, solar energy 5 groups of vacuum tube are made of the solar energy vacuum tube of several connections and have a hot-fluid medium output end, hot-fluid medium output end The input terminal of solar energy vacuum tube group is connected back to by a hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline 6, wherein further include one and be embedded in ground Under absorption system, absorption system includes a generator 7 and an evaporator 8, and the hot-fluid medium changes Heat pipeline 6 is connected with the heat source input terminal of generator 7 and the heat source as generator 7, and the refrigeration end of the evaporator 8 passes through one A water tank heat exchange loop pipeline 9 is connected with water tank 4.
In this way, absorbing solar energy in this solar-energy awning as heat source by solar energy vacuum tube, driving the suction of underground Heat exchange refrigeration is realized in the work of receipts formula refrigeration system, is realized by water tank heat exchange loop pipeline to storing in water tank by evaporator The cooling of water, the water that such spray head sprays are cooling water, and the sun is thus made full use of to be able to achieve the cooling to spray head water spray, pole The earth improves the cooling effect of spray head water spray.When implementation, winding up insulating layer can wind outside water pipe, to completely cut off heat biography as far as possible It passs, temperature in water pipe is avoided to increase.
Wherein, the spray head 2 is atomizer.
In this way, spraying atomized steam, can preferably improve comfortable on spray head cooling effect and lower section personnel's sense organ Degree.
Wherein, referring to Fig. 1, the absorption system further includes an absorber 10 and a condenser 11, is absorbed 10 output end of device is connected with generator 7, and 7 output end of generator is connected with condenser 11,8 phase of 11 output end of condenser and evaporator Even, 8 output end of evaporator is connected with absorber 10, constitutes refrigeration cycle path, the generator 7, condenser 11 and evaporator 8 Underground is set to close to landscape position, the absorber is set to underground far from landscape position.
In this way, coolant liquid absorbs heat evaporation in the evaporator in refrigeration cycle path when absorption system works, The steam of formation, which is transmitted in absorber, is absorbed agent absorption, and the absorbent for absorbing refrigerant vapor send into generator, sending out By the hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline heating as heat source in raw device, refrigerant vapour is isolated, the refrigerant vapour isolated is again It is transported in condenser and is condensed into liquid, then enter back into evaporator, after evaporator evaporation endothermic, refrigeration end is realized To the refrigeration of water tank heat exchange loop, and then realize the cooling to water tank memory water storage.Wherein, absorber is located remotely from earth's surface Position, temperature is lower, is more conducively disposed in proximity to landscape position to the absorption of refrigerant vapour, generator and evaporator, more sharp Heat exchange, whole raising refrigeration and heat exchange efficiency are realized in external.Above-mentioned absorption system itself belongs to the prior art, specifically When implementation, the setting components auxiliary system such as solution pump and throttle valve is also needed to run, such as condenser is to connecting tube between evaporator Mountable throttle valve on the road, absorber between generator on pipeline install solution pump provide power, generator to absorber it Between be arranged and pressure reducing circuit and pressure reducing valve be installed.But these belong to refrigeration technology field common knowledge, therefore specifically how to install not It is described herein in detail again.Arrow indicates flow direction of medium in absorption system partial schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Wherein, absorption system further includes a condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline 12, condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline 12 one end are connected with condenser 11, and the other end is embedded in downwards far from landscape position.
In this way, condenser has further used thin solum below earth's surface (long-term 10 to 20 degree) as natural cold source, mention The high refrigeration effect of absorption system, environmental protection, energy conservation and reliable.When it is implemented, condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline can It is realized with directlying adopt inbuilt underground pipe downwards.
Wherein, 1 lower section ground of stress support is also equipped with cold emission plate 13, and absorption system further includes a cold spoke Penetrate plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline 14,14 one end of cold emission plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline is connected heat exchange with the refrigeration end of evaporator 8, the other end Be connected heat exchange with cold emission plate 13.When it is implemented, setting solution pump is needed to drive heat exchange in cold emission plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline 14 Heat exchange is realized in medium circulation flowing.
In this way, driving the cooling of cold emission plate by evaporator, surface temperature under canopy is further decreased, when someone enters canopy After lower, top sunshade and mist cooling, while lower section cools down by the cold emission of cold emission plate, can greatly improve and keep away positive people under canopy Member's comfort level, salubrious significant effect.
Wherein, referring to Fig. 6, it is additionally provided with pressure sensor on cold emission plate 13, temperature biography is additionally provided on stress support Sensor, temperature sensor and pressure sensor are connected with a controller, and controller is connected with spray head and water pump.
In this way, detecting that temperature increases by temperature sensor, pressure sensor, which detects below greenhouse, certain number Afterwards, i.e., controllable spray head opens mist cooling, improves intelligence degree.
Wherein, the water tank 3 is circumscribed with rain water collecting system and municipal water pipe line (not shown).
In this way, water tank can collect rainwater make-up water source, spray head water source can also be guaranteed by municipal water pipe make-up water source It is in liberal supply.
Wherein, solar energy photovoltaic panel 15 is also equipped at the top of stress support 1, solar energy photovoltaic panel and battery are (in figure not Display) be connected, battery as power supply respectively with water pump, spray head, absorption system and other need power supply unit to be connected.
In this way, improving the efficiency of solar energy utilization by solar powered.Certainly, part power supply unit needs when specific implementation The direct current of battery is changed into alternating current by inverter, but these belong to the common knowledge skill in solar powered field Art, therefore be not described in detail here.
Wherein, lower horizontal is set side by side with multiple illumination cooling devices at the top of stress support, and-Fig. 3, described referring to fig. 2 Cooling device is illuminated, the fixed mounting plate 16 of the square including one in integral level setting, 16 lower surface of fixed mounting plate Mounting base is provided with illuminator 17, fixed mounting plate 16 is fixedly linked by connecting rod and stress support 1, is fixedly mounted 16 4 corners of plate are respectively fixedly installed an installation axle 18 straight up, can be provided with horizontally rotating in every installation axle Three entirety are in the blade 19 of horizontal rectangular, and 19 side length of blade is 16 half side length size of fixed mounting plate, 19 square of blade Shape corner is vertically overlapped by vertical sleeve and is coaxially rotatably connected with installation axle 18, sleeve axle center and installation axle axle center And fixed mounting plate corner location is vertically overlapped, and the blade turn that can control blade rotation is additionally provided in fixed mounting plate 16 Dynamic control device (not shown), blade control device for pivoting can control three blades 19 turn to fully unfolded position and Fold rounding state, when three blades are in fully unfolded position (referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4) three blades to the vertical of same level Projection is in the state that is mutually linked, and three blades 19 are in, (referring to Fig. 5), three blades 19 are each rotated to fixation when folding rounding state Within the scope of the vertical projection of mounting plate corner a quarter area position, when blade 19 is in fully unfolded position, each illumination Cooling device horizontal plane projection present twice of fixed mounting plate side length rectangle, and each adjacent two illumination cooling device between The vertical projection of same level is provided with described in adjacent states, the fixed mounting plate 16 and 19 upper surface of blade is connected Solar energy photovoltaic panel 15, the spray head 2 are installed below fixed mounting plate and/or blade.
In this way, illumination cooling device can integrate illumination and nozzle spraying cooling function, night can open illumination Lamp lighting can open nozzle spraying cooling when needing to cool down.And more importantly unique blade construction design, so that flat When normal condition under, controllable blade turns to fully unfolded position, with utmostly absorb solar energy and to lower section personnel hide It keeps off the sun.And when encountering bad weather, can control three blades is in collapse folded state, when encountering typhoon weather in this way, Leaf folding, which exposes gap, can greatly reduce windage, while equal refolding has three layers of leaf in the entire plate face of fixed mounting plate Piece greatly improves the intensity of resistance to deformation;Equally when encountering heavy rainfall or hail weather, can also reduce after leaf folding by Area is hit, while improving the anti-Beating Strength in folding position.Therefore greatly improve the stability of sunshade in inclement weather And safety.Meanwhile when sunshade is set to the positions such as underpass entrance or subway entrance, overcast sky is encountered, it can also To control blade in rounding state is folded, to improve ventilation effect, solar energy is collected when bright spring day controls mounted blade again, to store Battery charging is spare.When it is implemented, if when spray head is mounted below blade, it is preferred to use embedded structure avoids as far as possible Interference is generated in rotation between blade.
When it is implemented, further, each illumination cooling device can be set to outside along the two sides of stress support middle line The lower inclined state of general plan, after mounted blade, blade edge can be in slightly dislocation overlapping cloth between two neighboring illumination cooling device It sets;It simultaneously sets each blade upper surface to the slightly inclined state in fixed mounting plate side, rainwater when enabling rainy Collect to fixed mounting plate, then fixed mounting plate upper surface outer fix slightly tilts down and rain is arranged in marginal position on the outside Water collecting groove to collect rainwater, then by rainwater-collecting pipeline is connected to water tank, forms rain water collecting system, in this way can be more Rainwater is conducted and collected well.Setting filtering or purification device is also needed to realize the purification to water when implementation, in rain water collecting system Processing.It is not described here in detail.
When it is implemented, the blade control device for pivoting can be realized using motor driven gear transmission mechanism, specifically Ground is said, referring to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 (not showing gear drive in remaining attached drawing), blade control device for pivoting is included in each leaf, 19 Coaxially the fixed driven gear 20 being arranged, three driven gears 20 are respectively nibbled with a driving gear 21 on the sleeve of corner It closes, three driving gears 21 are coaxially set on the driving gear shaft 22 being vertically arranged in fixed mounting plate, driving gear shaft 22 are sequentially connected with the motor 23 for being fixed on fixed mounting plate, and the ratio of the transmission ratio of three pairs of meshing gears is 1:2:3;The leaf The side of rotation direction corresponds to driving gear shaft and is provided with resigning through slot 24, resigning through slot 24 when on piece is collapsed in face of leaf folding It is arranged up and down, so that blade turns to when folding rounding state, driving gear shaft 22 can be dropped into recessing groove 24.
In this way, can be rotated horizontally by motor control blade along installation axle.Using gear drive, nibbled due to three pairs The ratio of the driving gear driven gear transmission ratio of conjunction is 1:2:3, and can make can be square by the rotation output of a motor Just control the angular dimension that three pieces of blades successively rotate 90 °, 180 ° and 270 °, can rotate simultaneously and vertically overlap to At fixed mounting plate a quarter position, realizes fully unfolded position and fold the conversion and control between rounding state.It is arranged Resigning through slot, when can rotate to avoid blade to fold rounding state and driving gear shaft generates interference.
Wherein, one side surface of blade, which is located at resigning through slot position and is also bonded, is provided with resigning through slot block 25, resigning through slot Block 25 is provided with reset spring 26 along the direction away from recessing groove notch, and reset spring 26 is mounted on vane side surface In spring mounting groove and it is connected between resigning through slot block 25 and blade 19.
In this way, it is convenient when blade turns to fully unfolded position, it is logical resigning can be sheltered from by resigning through slot block Slot.
In addition, when it is implemented, each blade in the installation axle in three corners of fixed mounting plate can be correspondingly arranged in it is identical Height and position, folding control blade rotating Vortex when rotating when collapsing can avoid interference, then the three of the last one corner piece It is shifted to install on three pieces of blade height directions in blade and the other three corner, can avoid collapsing generating when folding and interfere.Or Three pieces of blades of the last one corner are arranged to the sector that side length is diameter and with its excess-three corner blade in sustained height, Also it can avoid collapsing generating interference when folding.The blade shape that the sector should be regarded as meeting aforementioned " whole is in horizontal rectangular " is retouched It states.When the last one corner blade is set as sector, corresponding fan-shaped corner location can be set relatively fixed in stress branch Shutter on frame enables the sector after shutter and expansion to synthesize square, to shelter from sector edge Region.
In present embodiment, referring to Fig. 8, fixed mounting plate upper surface be additionally provided with illuminance transducer, Raindrop sensor and Wind pressure sensor, illuminance transducer, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor is equal is connected with the controller, controller and blade turn The motor of dynamic control device is connected.In this way, can detecte solar illumination, rainwater intensity and wind pressure intensity size, judge whether In bright spring day or severe weather conditions, realize blade in fully unfolded position and folding to be automatically controlled according to weather conditions Conversion and control between rounding state;Improve sunshade automatic controlling level.Meanwhile when implementation, controller and the illumination Lamps and lanterns are connected, and solar illuminance can be detected according to illuminance transducer and judges automatically control illuminator opening and closing.In addition, when implementing, Each device in remaining electrical equipment, such as absorption system can be connected with controller and be controlled by it opening and closing, improve The degree of automation.
In present embodiment, solar energy vacuum tube group 5 is arranged to latticed above illumination cooling device, and solar energy is true Blank pipe face is arranged in adjacent joining place of the two neighboring illumination cooling device blade in fully unfolded position when.
In this way, can be in favor of solar energy be farthest absorbed and utilized.
Sunshading and temperature reducing significant effect of the present invention.And the ability with higher for resisting severe hazard weather, improve greenhouse Self-security and reliability are particularly suitable for coastal cities in south China and use.Be particularly used in city traffic lights waiting area, Bus stop station canopy, subway underpass inlet greenhouse, city or new countryside construction amusement square on be used as sunshade etc. ?.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sunshade top structure, including stress support, it is in horizontal top, stress branch that stress support, which has an entirety, Top of the trellis lower horizontal is set side by side with multiple illumination cooling devices, the illumination cooling device, including one is in integral level The fixed mounting plate of the square of setting, fixed mounting plate lower surface is provided with illuminator, fixed mounting plate by mounting base It is fixedly linked by connecting rod and stress support, four corners of fixed mounting plate are respectively fixedly installed an installation straight up Axis, can be arranged with horizontally rotating in every installation axle there are three it is whole be in horizontal rectangular blade, a length of fixed installation of blade edge Plate half side length size is vertically overlapped by vertical sleeve and is coaxially rotatably connected with installation axle at blade rectangular corners It connects, sleeve axle center and installation axle axle center and fixed mounting plate corner location are vertically overlapped, and energy is additionally provided in fixed mounting plate Enough the blade control device for pivoting of control blade rotation, blade control device for pivoting can control three blades and turn to complete exhibition Open state and folding rounding state, the vertical projection of three blades to same levels is in when three blades are in fully unfolded position It is mutually linked state, when three blades are in rounding state is folded, three blades are each rotated to fixed mounting plate corner a quarter Within the scope of the vertical projection of area position, when blade is in fully unfolded position, each illumination cooling device horizontal plane projection is in The rectangle of existing twice of fixed mounting plate side length, and in the vertical projection of same level between each adjacent two illumination cooling device In linking adjacent states, the fixed mounting plate and blade upper surface are provided with solar energy photovoltaic panel, fixed mounting plate and/or Spray head is installed, spray head is connected by water pipe and water pump with water tank below blade.
2. sunshade top structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: blade control device for pivoting is included in each leaf Coaxially the fixed driven gear being arranged, three driven gears are respectively engaged with a driving gear on the sleeve of piece corner, and three A driving gear is coaxially set on the driving gear shaft being vertically arranged in fixed mounting plate, driving gear shaft and is fixed on The motor drive of Dingan County's loading board connects, and the ratio of the transmission ratio of three pairs of meshing gears is 1:2:3;Blade is rolled over above the blade The side of rotation direction corresponds to driving gear shaft and is provided with resigning through slot when overlapping is held together, and resigning through slot is arranged up and down, so that When blade turns to folding rounding state, driving gear shaft can be dropped into recessing groove.
3. sunshade top structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: one side surface of blade is located at resigning through slot position It sets also fitting and is provided with resigning through slot block, resigning through slot block is provided with reset spring along the direction away from recessing groove notch, Reset spring is mounted in the spring mounting groove of vane side surface and is connected between resigning through slot block and blade.
4. sunshade top structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: fixed mounting plate upper surface is additionally provided with photograph Spend sensor, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor, illuminance transducer, Raindrop sensor and wind pressure sensor are and controller phase Even, controller is connected with the motor of blade control device for pivoting.
5. sunshade top structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: have above illumination cooling device and be arranged to Latticed solar energy vacuum tube group, and the solar energy vacuum tube face in solar energy vacuum tube group is arranged in two neighboring illumination Adjacent joining place when cooling device blade is in fully unfolded position.
6. a kind of solar-energy awning, the solar-energy awning includes in the stress support of canopy shape setting, and stress support has One is in horizontal top and the support portion vertically arranged positioned at top two sides, which is characterized in that is arranged on top just like right It is required that sunshade top structure described in any claim in 2-5;It further include spray cooling system, spray cooling system includes The spray head being mounted at the top of stress support further includes water tank, and it further includes being set to that spray head, which is connected by water pipe and water pump with water tank, Solar energy vacuum tube group at the top of stress support, solar energy vacuum tube group are constituted and are had by the solar energy vacuum tube of several connections One hot-fluid medium output end, hot-fluid medium output end connect back to solar energy vacuum tube group by a hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline Input terminal, further include the absorption system for being embedded in underground, absorption system include a generator and One evaporator, the hot-fluid media for heat exchange pipeline is connected with the heat source input terminal of generator and the heat source as generator, institute The refrigeration end for stating evaporator is connected by a water tank heat exchange loop pipeline with water tank.
7. solar-energy awning according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the spray head is atomizer.
8. sunshade top structure according to claim 6 and its solar-energy awning, it is characterised in that: described absorption Refrigeration system further includes an absorber and a condenser, and absorber output end is connected with generator, generator output end and Condenser is connected, and condenser output end is connected with evaporator, and evaporator output end is connected with absorber, constitutes refrigeration cycle road Diameter, the generator, condenser and evaporator are set to underground close to landscape position, and the absorber is set to underground remotely Epitope is set.
9. sunshade top structure according to claim 8 and its solar-energy awning, it is characterised in that: absorption refrigeration System further includes a condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline, and condenser heat-exchanging loop pipeline one end is connected with condenser, the other end to Under be embedded in far from landscape position.
10. sunshade top structure according to claim 8 and its solar-energy awning, it is characterised in that: stress support Lower section ground is also equipped with cold emission plate, and absorption system further includes a cold emission plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline, cold emission Plate heat-exchanging loop pipeline one end is connected heat exchange with the refrigeration end of evaporator, and the other end is connected heat exchange with cold emission plate;
It is additionally provided with pressure sensor on cold emission plate, temperature sensor, temperature sensor and pressure are additionally provided on stress support Force snesor is connected with controller, and controller is connected with spray head and water pump.
CN201910209827.6A 2019-03-20 2019-03-20 Sunshade top structure and solar sunshade thereof Active CN109898893B (en)

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CN105545019A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-04 上海北漠景观幕墙科技有限公司 Bus shelter for reutilizing natural energy
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2998068A1 (en) * 2012-11-11 2014-05-16 Noval Control unit for controlling pergola with directional blades, has electronic controller to control power supply of power outputs in cascade so as to limit electric power consumed by control unit to predetermined value
CN203177405U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-09-04 石英基 Environmental control system of multifunctional service kiosk
CN204099288U (en) * 2014-08-26 2015-01-14 余社洪 Ceiling fan is folded by the centrifugal automatic on-off of connection-rod linkage
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