CN109898447A - A kind of rapid transit structure - Google Patents

A kind of rapid transit structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109898447A
CN109898447A CN201910325134.3A CN201910325134A CN109898447A CN 109898447 A CN109898447 A CN 109898447A CN 201910325134 A CN201910325134 A CN 201910325134A CN 109898447 A CN109898447 A CN 109898447A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
baffle
elastic component
rapid transit
adjustment
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Pending
Application number
CN201910325134.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鲁朋
张建伟
Original Assignee
张建伟
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201910325134.3A priority Critical patent/CN109898447A/en
Publication of CN109898447A publication Critical patent/CN109898447A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of rapid transit structure, belongs to building field.Rapid transit structure includes column, baffle, elastic component and adjustment part.Baffle is connected to column.The cross section of baffle is wavy shaped configuration, and is formed at wave crest and trough by transition platform.Elastic component is provided between column and baffle.Elastic component connect by adjusting part with column, and adjustment part can elongate or shorten, so that the distance between elastic component and column be made to be adjusted.Rapid transit structure can absorb shock kinetic energy to a certain extent.

Description

A kind of rapid transit structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to building fields, in particular to a kind of rapid transit structure.
Background technique
Emergency Vehicle Lane is mainly applied in urban ring road, through street and expressway two sides and is drawn, and is specially rescued for engineering emergency, fire-fighting Help, medical aid or people's police execute urgent public affair etc. ought to the vehicle of urgent thing business use, any public vehicles No entry or Person is stopped in lane with various reasons.But due to domestic city highway structure congestion, driver is to Emergency Vehicle Lane For importance there are impercipient problem, relevant departments are also slightly inadequate to the supervision of Emergency Vehicle Lane, lead to domestic city The Emergency Vehicle Lane of highway structure is usually occupied and can not play the role of it this has.
It in highway both sides and center, is run where vehicle is gone out outside lane in order to prevent, design and installation high speed Highway barrier.As highway, city intersection, overpass etc. are largely built, transportation network is increasingly intensive, while the whole world Car ownership increases substantially year by year, and traffic accident rate is also in rise year by year trend.It is every every year on average according to data statistics There are about the event that 250 times hit central guardrail on 200 meters of highways, this kind of event is other type traffic accidents on expressway As many as 3 times, and the accident to create greater casualties because guardrail is overly hard is quite a few.
Existing freeway guardrail is broadly divided into rigid concrete guardrail, semi-rigid corrugated guardrail and flexible cable guardrail Three kinds.From the point of view of structure and security performance, existing freeway guardrail is primarily present the defect of following several respects: concrete shield Though column wall face-type structural can prevent big heavy vehicle from running off guardrail, can effectively contain that small vehicle drills out guardrail substantially, due to Concrete deformation occurs very little when bearing external load effect, therefore the kinetic energy of the vehicle absorbed in collision process by guardrail is very Few, the dynamic shear force that collision vehicle is subject to is very big, easily vehicle is caused seriously to destroy, or even cause passenger's injures and deaths;Half Though rigid wave shaped guardrail has good comprehensive mechanical property, there are preferable resistance and guiding function to general vehicle collision accident, But the intensity of corrugated guardrail is not big enough, not can be carried out effective interception to the hot-short of big quality;Flexible cable guardrail due to It is smaller with the contact area of vehicle in knockout process, the finite energy of absorption, only to the shock of car have it is preferable intercept and Guiding role.
The information disclosed in the background technology section is intended only to deepen understanding of the general background technology to the present invention, and It is not construed as recognizing or implying in any form that the information constitutes the prior art known to those skilled in the art.
Summary of the invention
Based on the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of rapid transit structures, partly or entirely to change It is apt to, even solves the problems of the prior art.
The present invention is implemented as follows:
In the first aspect of the present invention, a kind of rapid transit structure is provided.
Rapid transit structure includes:
It is fixed on the column of road side, column is in prismatic, and column has near end and remote ground terminal, and column is by near end Extend to remote ground terminal, near end is embedded in road, and remote ground terminal is far from road;
It is connected to the baffle of the remote ground terminal of column, the cross section of baffle is wavy shaped configuration, and the shape at wave crest and trough At by transition platform, baffle has contraction state and expansion state, and baffle is connect by elastic rod with remote ground terminal in both side edges In tight expansion state, the baffle in expansion state can be when elastic rod be squeezed by external force in contraction state and outer Rebound is after power disappears to restore to extended mode;
Be provided with elastic component between column and baffle, baffle is connected to the remote ground terminal of column by elastic component, elastic component with Column is in arrange in length and breadth;
Adjustment part, elastic component connect by adjusting part with column, and adjustment part can elongate or shorten, thus make elastic component with The distance between column is adjusted;
Camera system, camera system include camera probe, controller and velometer, camera probe, velometer respectively with Controller is connected and is controlled by the controller, and camera is arranged in elastic component, and the mouth of finding a view of camera protrudes from baffle surface, control Device processed is configured to accept the car speed that velometer detects, and the starting camera shooting vehicle when speed is higher than threshold value Image information simultaneously saves image information.
In preferable some examples, the material of elastic component is rubber.
In preferable some examples, elastic component is quadrangular.
In preferable some examples, elastic rod is spiral helicine metal channel steel.
In preferable some examples, adjustment part is detachably connected to column, and adjustment part can in the connection height of column It adjusts.
The utility model has the advantages that
Rapid transit structure provided in an embodiment of the present invention is provided with elastic component between column and plate washer.Elastic component With good flexible and viscous-elastic behaviour, be able to bear certain quick washing, absorb kinetic energy, make its impacting object be decelerated and Guiding.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to needed in the embodiment attached Figure is briefly described, it should be understood that the following drawings illustrates only certain embodiments of the present invention, therefore is not construed as pair The restriction of range for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other relevant attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of rapid transit structure provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the elastic component in rapid transit structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the baffle in rapid transit structure shown in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.The present invention being usually described and illustrated herein in the accompanying drawings is implemented The component of example can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations.Therefore, below to the reality of the invention provided in the accompanying drawings The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the range of claimed invention, but is merely representative of selected implementation of the invention Example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, does not then need that it is further defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, or be somebody's turn to do Invention product using when the orientation or positional relationship usually put, be merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, without It is that the device of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore not It can be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, and cannot manage Solution is indication or suggestion relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is also necessary to which explanation is unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection or one Connect to body;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, it can also be indirect by intermediary It is connected, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood with concrete condition State the concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature second feature "upper" or "lower" It may include that the first and second features directly contact, also may include that the first and second features are not direct contacts but pass through it Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature includes the first spy above the second feature " above ", " above " and " above " Sign is right above second feature and oblique upper, or is merely representative of first feature horizontal height higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " following " include that fisrt feature is directly below and diagonally below the second feature, or is merely representative of First feature horizontal height is less than second feature.
In the present invention, in the case where not contradiction or conflict, all embodiments, embodiment and feature of the invention It can be combined with each other.In the present invention, conventional unit, component etc., both can be commercially available, can also be public according to the present invention The content self-control opened.In the present invention, in order to protrude emphasis of the invention, to some conventional operations and unit, component The omission of progress, or be only briefly described.
- Fig. 3 refering to fig. 1.
Present embodiments provide a kind of rapid transit structure.
Rapid transit structure includes column, baffle, elastic component and adjustment part.
Wherein, column is for providing other component connection and fixed part.Column is still rapid transit knot Structure provides the main member for resisting foreign impacts and colliding forces, therefore, should have the structural stability of degree and strong Degree.
Baffle, elastic component and adjustment part depend on and are connected to column, and the support by column.Baffle, elastic component And adjustment part can generate certain adjustment in actual use, to meet needs.
Rapid transit structure provided in an embodiment of the present invention can vehicle to accidental shock to baffle and object rise To certain guiding role, so as to avoid vehicle to skid off lane on road surface in certain degree or knocked by destructiveness The situation touched.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, column is in prismatic.For example, column is quadrangular or pentagonal prism or hexagonal prisms etc.. Column can also use other structures appropriate, in order to use and production is advisable.It is high, with high hardness that column generallys use intensity Material is made, and generally can be stainless steel.The impact force that the fineness of column can be actually able to bear according to it Carry out the selection of adaptability.
Column 102 has near end 201 and remote ground terminal 202, and is extended by near end to remote ground terminal.Column is usually It is integrally formed, to improve its structural strength and stability.
Column is fixed on 101 side of road, is specifically adjusted as needed apart from the distance of road edge.Column 102 Near end 201 is partially or mostly embedded in road, road surface of the remote ground terminal far from road.Preferably, being poured in road in cement Can bury two metal channel steels positioned opposite when building, the near end of column can by being embedded in metal channel steel, so as to It safeguarded, replaced.Two metal channel steels are positioned opposite, to form hollow channel so as to merge.Hollow channel, which has, to be compared Long depth can make column buried down below.
Baffle 103 is connected to the remote ground terminal of column by elastic component, specifically, baffle is the remote ground terminal for being connected to column 's.The cross section of baffle is wavy shaped configuration, and is formed at wave crest and trough by transition platform.Transition platform has bigger Surface area can reduce the local excess force that impacting object.In improvement, the fixed elastic rubber in transition platform surface.
Baffle 103 has contraction state and expansion state.Contraction state and expansion state can by baffle itself Elastic deformation is converted to realize.Baffle 103 is connect with remote ground terminal by elastic rod 104 in both side edges in tight contraction-like State.Baffle in contraction state can be unclamped in elastic rod or by external force squeeze and external force disappear after rebound to restore to expanding Exhibition state.Such baffle has buffer function, can further improve the effect for resisting foreign impacts.
Elastic rod can be spiral helicine metallic cable.Metallic cable by the materials such as the stainless steel of appropriate diameter crimp production and At.The diameter of metallic cable makes it have desired intensity and can preserve value the right and wrong degree of elastic rod.
Elastic component 105 is set between column and baffle, and elastic component is in arrange in length and breadth with column.Elastic component and baffle fit are more There is provided guiding function well.In addition, since there are certain elastic deformation limit for it, and can be played a supporting role by column, To can also support well, its certain design posture is kept.The material of elastic component is rubber or resin, and its shape can be four Prism or pentagonal prism.
Elastic component connect by adjusting part with column, and adjustment part can elongate or shorten, thus make elastic component and column it Between distance be adjusted.Adjustment part can be the equipment that cylinder or hydraulic cylinder etc. can adjust length.In order to optionally change tune The mounting height of one integral piece.Multiple screw holes are arranged in column, and are threadedly coupled with adjustment part by bolt by safety plate.Further Ground, adjustment part are detachably connected to column, and adjustment part is adjustable in the connection height of column.
It is preferably that rapid transit structure further includes camera system.
Camera system includes camera probe, controller and velometer.
Camera probe, velometer connect and are controlled by the controller with controller respectively.Camera is connected to elastic component, and Support by elastic component.The mouth 106 of finding a view of camera protrudes from baffle surface, and controller is configured to accept velometer detection The car speed arrived, and starting camera shoots the image information of vehicle and protects to image information when speed is higher than threshold value It deposits.
By camera system, rapid transit structure provided in an embodiment of the present invention can be detected existing overspeed of vehicle Equipment plays the role of supplement.In addition, finding a view closer to driving vehicle due to camera probe, and posture and position are more advantageous. The image information (picture and/or video) provided by camera system, can be with the image information of existing municipal traffic management system It combines, to be easier to obtain the information of violation vehicle, improves accuracy.Camera probe and velometer are all made of existing commercially available Equipment.
In addition, controller therein can be programmable logic controller (PLC) or programmable automation controller (PAC), industrial computer (IPC).
In some improved examples, baffle surface is provided with fluorescent plate, so as to identify its position at night, avoids Accident occurs.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of rapid transit structure characterized by comprising
It is fixed on the column of road side, for the column in prismatic, the column has near end and remote ground terminal, the column Extended by the near end to the remote ground terminal, the near end is embedded in road, and the remote ground terminal is far from the road Road;
Be connected to the baffle of the remote ground terminal of the column, the cross section of the baffle is wavy shaped configuration, and in wave crest and It is formed at trough by transition platform, the baffle has contraction state and expansion state, and the baffle passes through elasticity in both side edges Bar is connect in tight expansion state with the remote ground terminal, and the baffle in the expansion state can be in the elasticity It springs back when bar is squeezed by external force after the contraction state and external force disappearance to restore to the extended mode;
Elastic component is provided between the column and the baffle, the baffle is connected to the column by the elastic component The remote ground terminal, the elastic component are in arrange in length and breadth with the column;
Adjustment part, the elastic component are connect by the adjustment part with the column, and the adjustment part can elongate or shorten, from And it is adjusted the distance between the elastic component and the column;
Camera system, the camera system include camera probe, controller and velometer, and the camera probe described tests the speed Device connect with the controller respectively and is controlled by the controller, and camera setting described is taken the photograph in the elastic component As the mouth of finding a view of head protrudes from the baffle surface, the controller is configured to accept the vehicle speed that the velometer detects Degree, and start the camera when the speed is higher than threshold value and shoot the image information of the vehicle and to described image information It is saved.
2. rapid transit structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material of elastic component is rubber.
3. rapid transit structure according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the elastic component is quadrangular.
4. rapid transit structure according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the elastic rod is spiral helicine metal Channel steel.
5. rapid transit structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjustment part is detachably connected to The column, the adjustment part are adjustable in the connection height of the column.
CN201910325134.3A 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 A kind of rapid transit structure Pending CN109898447A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910325134.3A CN109898447A (en) 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 A kind of rapid transit structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910325134.3A CN109898447A (en) 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 A kind of rapid transit structure

Publications (1)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1958964A (en) * 2006-11-15 2007-05-09 白书锋 Fortified plate, structure, and method for guard bars of wave contour girder
CN201121300Y (en) * 2007-11-02 2008-09-24 刘孔杰 Height-adjustable highroad anti-collision guard rail
CN201310077Y (en) * 2008-12-04 2009-09-16 山东中咨公路咨询设计有限公司 Height adjustable banister
CN203346825U (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-12-18 舟山市智海技术开发有限公司 Double-layer highway buffering anti-collision guardrail
CN205742029U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-30 郭燕美 Novel road guardrail
CN205975423U (en) * 2016-05-05 2017-02-22 郭臣 Elasticity highway guardrail
CN206376209U (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-08-04 重庆建筑工程职业学院 Highway guard rail
CN108894154A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-11-27 王紫潭 A kind of anti-rebound cushion guardail in tunnel
CN208649939U (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-03-26 诸暨掌云网络科技有限公司 A kind of height-adjustable traffic guardrail

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1958964A (en) * 2006-11-15 2007-05-09 白书锋 Fortified plate, structure, and method for guard bars of wave contour girder
CN201121300Y (en) * 2007-11-02 2008-09-24 刘孔杰 Height-adjustable highroad anti-collision guard rail
CN201310077Y (en) * 2008-12-04 2009-09-16 山东中咨公路咨询设计有限公司 Height adjustable banister
CN203346825U (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-12-18 舟山市智海技术开发有限公司 Double-layer highway buffering anti-collision guardrail
CN205975423U (en) * 2016-05-05 2017-02-22 郭臣 Elasticity highway guardrail
CN205742029U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-30 郭燕美 Novel road guardrail
CN206376209U (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-08-04 重庆建筑工程职业学院 Highway guard rail
CN208649939U (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-03-26 诸暨掌云网络科技有限公司 A kind of height-adjustable traffic guardrail
CN108894154A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-11-27 王紫潭 A kind of anti-rebound cushion guardail in tunnel

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