CN109895912A - A kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109895912A
CN109895912A CN201910280826.0A CN201910280826A CN109895912A CN 109895912 A CN109895912 A CN 109895912A CN 201910280826 A CN201910280826 A CN 201910280826A CN 109895912 A CN109895912 A CN 109895912A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
mounting hole
steering
rocker arm
pusher bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910280826.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109895912B (en
Inventor
陈杰
左支柳
施继民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUYANG-HONDA MOTORCYCLE (GUANGZHOU) Co Ltd
Original Assignee
WUYANG-HONDA MOTORCYCLE (GUANGZHOU) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WUYANG-HONDA MOTORCYCLE (GUANGZHOU) Co Ltd filed Critical WUYANG-HONDA MOTORCYCLE (GUANGZHOU) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910280826.0A priority Critical patent/CN109895912B/en
Publication of CN109895912A publication Critical patent/CN109895912A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109895912B publication Critical patent/CN109895912B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Vehicle Body Suspensions (AREA)
  • Automatic Cycles, And Cycles In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of front wheel suspension leaning devices of two front wheels vehicle, including vehicle frame, left suspension assembly, right suspension assembly, rocker arm assembly and transfer;The left suspension assembly and right suspension assembly are symmetrically mounted at the left and right sides of the vehicle frame by rocker arm assembly;The front end of the vehicle frame is equipped with headstock standpipe.The rocker arm assembly includes upper left rocker arm, upper right rocker arm, lower front arm and lower rear arm, and wherein upper left rocker arm and upper right rocker arm are symmetrically rotatably installed at the left and right sides of the headstock riser upper;The lower front arm and lower rear arm are rotatably installed at the front and rear sides of headstock standpipe lower part;The transfer is installed below the rocker arm assembly.The front wheel suspension leaning device realizes Vehicular body front miniaturization, reduces front tread, improves the stability of vehicle driving and the flexibility of steering;Overall structure is also simplified simultaneously, reduces processing and assembly difficulty, reduces manufacturing cost.

Description

A kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle
Technical field
The invention belongs to art of vehicle suspension fields, more particularly, to a kind of front wheel suspension dumper of two front wheels vehicle Structure.
Background technique
Traditional motor tricycle can generally use the structure of the one wheel+back in front, two wheels, in straight line row This tricycle structure is higher than two-wheeled structural stability when sailing, it is easier to and operation is extremely not flexible when being grasped, but turning by driver, When especially turning under higher speed, due to being difficult to ensure the wheel of front and back three while landing, it is easy to go out because of gravity center instability Now turn on one's side.
In recent years, people start to develop a kind of novel motor tricycle, using the wheel of front two+latter one wheel Structure, there are two the rear-wheel that the front-wheel of symmetrically arranged responsible steering and one are responsible for driving, three wheel groups for this vehicle tool The isosceles triangle turned around at one, also known as tricycle or two front wheels vehicle.This vehicle can be with using Triangle Principle Effectively solve the security risk of one line of two wheeler two o'clock.Not being due to two front wheels is to simply increase a wheel, two front-wheels Using special front hitch connecting vehicle frame, it can neatly be rolled and be waved by parallelogram sturcutre realization, to realize Two front-wheels of two front wheels were not only interrelated but also relatively independent, it can be ensured that three wheels land simultaneously always, provide for vehicle Powerful road holding and good braking effect.Two fore wheel structures that are mutually related, which can be realized, is nearly identical to single front-wheel That performance that can roll of two wheeler, enables the vehicle to make a good job of high speed excessively curved, and provides stable braking quality.In addition, Two front-wheels it is relatively independent, can to allow between the two that there are horizontal drops, to realize vehicle rugged The possibility that road surface hugs the road.So the driving pleasure of two wheeler is not only inherited and optimized to two front wheels vehicle, also greatly mention The load-bearing capacity and impact resistance of vehicle are risen.
In existing technology, in order to make double steering front wheels can adapt to a variety of different traveling road conditions, it is ensured that two turn Rugged ground can be contacted simultaneously always to front-wheel and driving rear-wheel, it will usually use " the more bars of parallelogram multiaxis Linkage " rolls front wheel suspension mechanism, and this mechanism connection structure is complicated, higher cost.In addition, said mechanism needs foot On the car body, the wheelspan for easily causing especially two front-wheels of front part of vehicle volume increases, when causing to turn to for enough space installations The stability of vehicle and flexibility are deteriorated.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome shortcoming and deficiency in the prior art, the novel two front wheels vehicle of one kind is provided Front wheel suspension leaning device realizes Vehicular body front miniaturization, reduces front tread, the stability for improving vehicle driving and steering Flexibility;Overall structure can also be simplified simultaneously, reduce processing and assembly difficulty, manufacturing cost is effectively reduced.
In order to be able to achieve above-mentioned purpose, the present invention takes technical solution below: outstanding including vehicle frame, left suspension assembly, the right side Hanging component, rocker arm assembly and transfer;The left suspension assembly and right suspension assembly are symmetrically mounted at by rocker arm assembly The left and right sides of the vehicle frame;The front end of the vehicle frame is equipped with headstock standpipe.The rocker arm assembly includes upper left rocker arm, upper right Rocker arm, lower front arm and lower rear arm, wherein upper left rocker arm and upper right rocker arm are symmetrically rotatably installed at the vehicle The left and right sides of head riser upper;The lower front arm and lower rear arm are rotatably installed at headstock standpipe lower part Front and rear sides;The transfer is installed below the rocker arm assembly.
Specifically, upper left rocker arm cross section is Y-shaped, and Y-shaped open at one end forms semi-surrounding cavity, the cavity Two sides are coaxially respectively provided with a left mounting hole;The upper left rocker arm other end is equipped with a right mounting hole, and passes through the right mounting hole It turnably is installed on the headstock standpipe;Upper right rocker arm cross section is Y-shaped, and Y-shaped open at one end is formed Semi-surrounding cavity, the cavity two sides are coaxially respectively provided with a right mounting hole;The upper right rocker arm other end is equipped with a left mounting hole, And it turnably is installed on the headstock standpipe by the left mounting hole.
Preferably, the left suspension assembly includes left steering pipe, left steering column, Left-wing Federation's plate and left damping device;It is described Left steering pipe is arranged in the upper left rocker arm Y-shaped open at one end and is formed in semi-surrounding cavity;The left side on the left steering pipe top Equipped with upper left rocker arm rotating bracket, the forward and backward side of left steering pipe lower part is respectively equipped with lower front arm left support and lower rear arm is left Bracket;The left steering column turnably is mounted in the left steering pipe;Left-wing Federation's plate is fixed on the left steering column Lower end;Left-wing Federation's plate is equipped with left steering arm mounting bracket;The left damping device top is connect with Left-wing Federation's plate;
The right suspension assembly includes right turn pipe, right turn column, right yoke plate and right damping device;The right turn pipe The upper right rocker arm Y-shaped open at one end is arranged in be formed in semi-surrounding cavity;The right side on the right turn pipe top is equipped with upper right Rocker arm rotating bracket, the forward and backward side of right turn pipe lower part are respectively equipped with lower front arm right support and lower rear arm right support;It is described Right turn column turnably is mounted in the right turn pipe;The right yoke plate is fixed on the lower end of the right turn column;Institute Right yoke plate is stated equipped with right turn arm mounting bracket;The right damping device top is connect with the right yoke plate.
Preferably, the arranged on left and right sides of the headstock riser upper is respectively equipped with upper left rocker arm mounting bracket and upper right rocker arm Mounting bracket, the forward and backward side of headstock standpipe lower part are respectively equipped with lower front arm mounting bracket and lower rear arm mounting bracket; Rotatable intermediate steering column is equipped in the headstock standpipe, the upper end is fixedly connected with a steering hand handle, and lower end is fixed to be connected It is connected to an intermediate yoke plate, which is equipped with intermediate steering arm mounting bracket.
Preferably, the lower front arm is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, the lower front arm and passes through Above-mentioned mounting hole rotationally respectively with the lower front arm left support of left steering pipe, headstock standpipe lower front arm mounting bracket and The lower front arm right support of right turn pipe connects;
The lower rear arm is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, the lower rear arm and passes through above-mentioned peace Fill the hole rotationally lower rear arm mounting bracket and right turn with the lower rear arm left support of left steering pipe, headstock standpipe respectively The lower rear arm right support of pipe connects;
The axis composition of the left and right mounting hole of the upper left the rocker arm left mounting hole of forward and backward rocker arm, intermediate mounting hole under One parallelogram;The axis of the left and right mounting hole of upper right the rocker arm intermediate mounting hole of forward and backward rocker arm, right mounting hole under A parallelogram is constituted, above-mentioned two parallelogram is distributed along axis of headstock standpipe of vehicle frame or so.
Preferably, the top of left and right damping device is arranged in the transfer, and the rocker arm assembly is arranged in Lower section;The transfer includes steering push rod, and the steering push rod is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right peace Fill hole;Being separately installed on the left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole can be along the left side that place hole location axis rotates Turn to pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support;The left steering pusher bar support, intermediate turn to push away Bar bracket and right turn pusher bar support are installed in rotation on respectively on left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm;It is described Left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm be respectively fixedly connected on Left-wing Federation's plate, intermediate yoke plate and right yoke plate.
As a preferred embodiment, in order to ensure the stiffness and strength of rocker arm assembly entirety, the lower front arm is under Rear arm is component extend in left-right direction and rectangular in cross-section, and the length of the up and down direction in section is greater than front-rear direction Length.
As a preferred embodiment, the distance of the left and right mounting hole axis of the described steering push rod, greater than the left side, The distance of right turn mast axis.So as to form Ackermann steering gear structure, it can be achieved that the steering angle of nearside wheel is big when the vehicle is turning In the steering angle of outboard wheel, so that vehicle can swimmingly be turned.
As a kind of preferred embodiment, divide on the left mounting hole turned on push rod, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole Be not equipped with can along the upper and lower direction of place hole location axis rotate, cross section in " Y " font left steering pusher bar support, in Between turn to pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support;The left steering pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and right turn push away Bar bracket is rotatably installed on left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm along front and rear direction respectively.
As another preferred embodiment, on the left mounting hole turned on push rod, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole Be separately installed with can along the front and rear direction of place hole location axis rotate, cross section in "U" shaped left steering pusher bar support, Centre turns to pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support;Left steering pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and the right-hand rotation It is rotatably installed on left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm along upper and lower direction respectively to pusher bar support.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantage that
1, the top of front-wheel is arranged in rocker arm assembly and transfer by the technical program, effectively reduces front tread, real Existing Vehicular body front miniaturization, improves the flexibility of Vehicular turn;Each building block of mechanism compact can connect, and effectively simplify whole knot Structure reduces machining accuracy and assembly difficulty, to reduce production cost.
2, the connection type of the technical program can make mechanism distribution of force more reasonable, effectively improve the strong of mechanism entirety Degree and rigidity reduce vehicle in the bumpy road impact that front-wheel generates vehicle frame when driving, improve the service life of mechanism.
3, the top of damping device is arranged in transfer by the technical program, and the lower section of rocker arm assembly is arranged in, and is had Effect avoids damping device to the influence of Vehicular turn, prevents from making vehicle left and right sides when damping device is under compression or elongation state Occur vehicle when inclining and is forced the bad phenomenon turned to.
In order to the clearer understanding present invention, a specific embodiment of the invention is illustrated below with reference to Detailed description of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for being equipped with the two front wheels vehicle of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the front wheel suspension leaning device of embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of rocker arm assembly described in embodiment 1, and (a) is that rocker arm assembly is when in a horizontal state Schematic diagram, (b) be rocker arm assembly be in teeter state when schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1.
Fig. 5 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of transfer described in embodiment 1.
Fig. 6 is the top view of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1.
Fig. 7 is the main view for being equipped with the two front wheels inclination of vehicle state of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1.
The master that Fig. 8 is turned to when being the two front wheels inclination of vehicle state for being equipped with front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 View.
Fig. 9 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of transfer as described in example 2.
In figure: 1- vehicle frame;11- headstock standpipe;Steering column among 111-;The upper left 12- rocker arm mounting bracket;13- upper right is shaken Arm mounting bracket;Front arm mounting bracket under 14-;Rear arm mounting bracket under 15-;Yoke plate among 16-;161- intermediate steering arm Mounting bracket;The left suspension assembly of 2-;21 left steering pipes;Front arm left support under 211-;Rear arm left support under 212-;22- is left Steering column;23 Left-wing Federation's plates;The left damping device of 24-;The upper left 25- rocker arm rotating bracket;26- left steering arm;The installation of 27- left steering arm Bracket;The right suspension assembly of 3-;31- right turn pipe;Front arm right support under 311-;Rear arm right support under 312-;32- right turn Column;The right yoke plate of 33-;The right damping device of 34-;35- upper right rocker arm rotating bracket;36- right turn arm;37- right turn arm installation branch Frame;4- rocker arm assembly;The upper left 41- rocker arm;42- upper right rocker arm;Front arm under 43-;Rear arm under 44-;5- transfer;51- Turn to push rod;52- left steering pusher bar support;Pusher bar support is turned among 53-;54- right turn pusher bar support;It is turned among 55- Arm;6- turns to hand handle;7- the near front wheel;8- off-front wheel.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Below in explanation notationally under direction all around when, other than especially indicating, remaining is referred both to from driving Direction observed by the driver of vehicle up and down all around, wherein up and down direction includes vertical direction and and Vertical Square To inclined roughly vertical direction;All around direction includes horizontal direction and inclined substantially with horizontal direction Direction all around.In addition, used in following explanation such as: "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "inner", The word of "outside", " centre " etc. is illustrated only for the purposes of description, is not used to limit the scope of the invention, opposite Relationship is altered or modified, if changing technology contents without essence, should be considered as the enforceable scope of the present invention.
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram for being equipped with the two front wheels vehicle of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1, diagram Be tool there are two the vehicle of front-wheel and a rear-wheel, two front wheels vehicle according to the present invention be also possible to tool there are two front-wheel and The vehicle of more than one rear-wheel.The power device of vehicle loading can be the driving devices such as engine or motor and transmission device Deng.
Please refer to attached drawing 2~6, a kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle provided by the present embodiment, mainly It is made of vehicle frame 1, left suspension assembly 2, right suspension assembly 3, rocker arm assembly 4 and transfer 5.Wherein, the left suspension group Part 2 and right suspension assembly 3 are symmetrically disposed in the left and right sides of the vehicle frame 1 by rocker arm assembly 4;The front end of the vehicle frame 1 Equipped with headstock standpipe 11.The rocker arm assembly 4 include upper left Rocker arm 41, upper right Rocker arm 42, lower front arm 43 and it is lower after shake Arm 44, wherein upper left Rocker arm 41 and upper right Rocker arm 42 are symmetrically rotatably installed at the left side on 11 top of headstock standpipe Right two sides;The lower front arm 43 and lower rear arm 44 are rotatably installed at the front and back two of 11 lower part of headstock standpipe Side;The transfer 5 is installed on 4 lower section of rocker arm assembly.
Specifically, the arranged on left and right sides on 11 top of headstock standpipe is respectively equipped with upper left rocker arm mounting bracket 12 and the right side Upper rocker arm mounting bracket 13, the forward and backward side of 11 lower part of headstock standpipe are respectively equipped with lower front arm mounting bracket 14 and lower rear arm Mounting bracket 15.Rotatable intermediate steering column 111 is equipped in the headstock standpipe 11, the upper end is fixedly connected with a steering Hand handle 6, lower end are fixedly connected with an intermediate yoke plate 16, which is equipped with intermediate steering arm mounting bracket 161.
Specifically, 1 cross section of upper left Rocker arm 4 is Y-shaped, and Y-shaped open at one end forms semi-surrounding cavity, the sky Chamber two sides are coaxially respectively provided with a left mounting hole;1 other end of upper left Rocker arm 4 is equipped with a right mounting hole, and passes through the right peace Dress hole turnably is installed on the headstock standpipe 11.Likewise, 2 cross section of upper right Rocker arm 4 is Y-shaped, " Y " Type open at one end forms semi-surrounding cavity, which is coaxially respectively provided with a right mounting hole;The upper right Rocker arm 42 is another End is equipped with a left mounting hole, and turnably is installed on the headstock standpipe 11 by the left mounting hole.
Specifically, the left suspension assembly 2 includes left steering pipe 21, left steering column 22, Left-wing Federation's plate 23 and left damping dress Set 24.The left steering pipe 21 is arranged in the 1 Y-shaped open at one end of upper left Rocker arm 4 and is formed in semi-surrounding cavity;The left steering The left side on 21 top of pipe is equipped with upper left rocker arm rotating bracket 25, and the forward and backward side of 21 lower part of left steering pipe is respectively equipped with lower front arm Left support 211 and lower rear arm left support 212.The left steering column 22 turnably is mounted in the left steering pipe 21. Left-wing Federation's plate 23 is fixed on the lower end of the left steering column 22;Left-wing Federation's plate 23 is equipped with left steering arm mounting bracket 27.Institute Left 24 top of damping device is stated to connect with Left-wing Federation's plate 23.
The right suspension assembly 3 includes right turn pipe 31, right turn column 32, right yoke plate 33 and right damping device 34.Institute Right turn pipe 31 is stated to be arranged in 2 Y-shaped open at one end of the upper right Rocker arm 4 formation semi-surrounding cavity;On the right turn pipe 31 The right side in portion is equipped with upper right rocker arm rotating bracket 35, and the forward and backward side of 31 lower part of right turn pipe is respectively equipped with lower front arm right support 311 and lower rear arm right support 312.The right turn column 32 turnably is mounted in the right turn pipe 31.The right side Yoke plate 33 is fixed on the lower end of the right turn column 32;The right yoke plate 33 is equipped with right turn arm mounting bracket 37.The right side subtracts Shake 34 top of device is connect with the right yoke plate 33.
The lower front arm 43 is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, and the lower front arm 43 passes through upper Mounting hole is stated rotationally to install with the lower front arm of the lower front arm left support 211 of left steering pipe 21, headstock standpipe 11 respectively The connection of the lower front arm right support 311 of bracket 14 and right turn pipe 31.
The lower rear arm 44 is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, and the lower rear arm 44 passes through upper Lower rear arm of the mounting hole rotationally respectively with 21 lower rear arm left supports 212 of left steering pipe, headstock standpipe 11 is stated to install The connection of the lower rear arm right support 312 of bracket 15 and right turn pipe 31.
Referring to Fig. 3, it is the structural schematic diagram of rocker arm assembly described in embodiment 1, wherein figure (a) is at rocker arm assembly Schematic diagram when horizontality, figure (b) be rocker arm assembly be in teeter state when schematic diagram.When vehicle is in upright When state, as it can be seen that the left mounting hole axis A and right mounting hole axis B of upper left Rocker arm 41 are forward and backward under from right ahead Left mounting hole axis E, the centre mounting hole axis F of rocker arm constitute a parallelogram in the subpoint of vertical direction;Upper right The left mounting hole axis C and right mounting hole axis D of the Rocker arm 42 intermediate mounting hole axis F of forward and backward rocker arm, right installation hole axle under Line G constitutes a parallelogram in the subpoint of vertical direction, and as shown in Fig. 3 (a), above-mentioned two parallelogram is along headstock The axis bilateral symmetry of standpipe 11 is distributed.
When vehicle is in rolling condition, rocker arm assembly 4 will teeter, forward and backward under to shake as shown in Fig. 3 (b) Under the drive of arm, above-mentioned two parallelogram will be rotated around axis F, since the subpoint of B, C, F are fixed on vehicle frame On headstock standpipe, and the subpoint of E, F, G are on same straight line, and the result of above-mentioned two parallelogram rotation will make Left and right steering tube occurs association along the up and down direction for the axis for being parallel to headstock standpipe 11 always and moves, and left steering pipe is upward (under) mobile distance be equal to right turn pipe downwards (on) mobile distance, be achieved in the two interrelated grounds of front-wheel in left and right Lower movement, it is ensured that two front-wheels of vehicle land simultaneously always, to improve the safety and stability of vehicle.
In order to improve the stiffness and strength of rocker arm assembly entirety, the lower front arm 43 and lower rear arm 44 are along left and right Component that direction extends and rectangular in cross-section, as shown in figure 4, the length L1 of its up and down direction is greater than length in the front-back direction L2。
Referring to Fig. 5, it is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of transfer described in embodiment 1.The transfer 5 of the present embodiment wraps It has included and has turned to push rod 51, the steering push rod 51 is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole;The left installation Can rotate along the upper and lower direction of place hole location axis, cross section is separately installed on hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole is in The left steering pusher bar support 52 of " Y " font, intermediate steering pusher bar support 53 and right turn pusher bar support 54.The left steering pushes away Bar bracket 52, intermediate steering pusher bar support 53 and right turn pusher bar support 54 are rotatably installed in a left side along front and rear direction respectively On steering arm 26, intermediate steering arm 55 and right turn arm 36;Left steering arm 26, intermediate steering arm 55 and the right turn arm 36 It is respectively fixedly connected with left steering arm mounting bracket 27, the intermediate steering arm installation branch of intermediate yoke plate 16 in Left-wing Federation's plate 23 In the right turn arm mounting bracket 37 of frame 161 and right yoke plate 33.
The left steering column 22 is mounted in the left steering pipe 21 by the parts of bearings that upper and lower side is arranged, and only It can rotate and cannot be moved up and down with respect to left steering pipe 21 along axis around the axis of left steering pipe 21.The intermediate steering column 111 are mounted in the headstock standpipe 11 by the parts of bearings that upper and lower side is arranged, and can only be revolved around the axis of headstock standpipe 11 Then it cannot be moved up and down along axis with respect to headstock standpipe 11.The parts of bearings that the right turn column 32 is arranged by upper and lower side Be mounted in the right turn pipe 31, and can only be rotated around the axis of right turn pipe 31 and cannot be along axis with respect to right turn pipe 31 move up and down.
It is the top view of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 please refer to Fig. 6.The steering pushes away The distance of the left and right mounting hole axis of bar 51, greater than the distance of the left and right steering column axis.Above-mentioned four axis are in water Square to subpoint will form an isosceles trapezoid, which can make vehicle more swimmingly turn, improve vehicle Turn to when driver comfortable riding sense.
It identifies simultaneously incorporated by reference to Fig. 3 refering to Fig. 7, is pair for being equipped with front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 The main view of front-wheel inclination of vehicle state.When be equipped with the two front wheels vehicle of front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 to When left side, the center of gravity of vehicle will deviate to the left and forward and backward rocker arm is driven down to rotate around axis F;Meanwhile upper left rocker arm around Axis B rotates upwards, and upper right rocker arm is rotated down around axis C;Under the drive of rocker arm assembly, left suspension assembly is right outstanding upwards Hanging component moves down, and the two is mobile is equidistant, and two front-wheels of entire tilting procedure land simultaneously always, so that it is guaranteed that Vehicle smooth-ride.
It is the two front wheels inclination of vehicle shape for being equipped with front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 please refer to Fig. 8 The main view turned to when state.When the two front wheels vehicle for being equipped with front wheel suspension leaning device described in embodiment 1 tilts simultaneously to the left Pilot control turns to hand handle 6 when turning to the left simultaneously, rocker arm assembly 4 drive the upward and right suspension assembly 3 of left suspension assembly 2 to Lower synchronizing moving;At the same time, transfer 5 can be rotated rotating around up and down and back and forth direction, and the steering for turning to hand handle 6 is moved It is transferred to left and right suspension assembly, left and right suspension assembly is rotated to the left rotating around respective axis, is achieved in and works as Vehicle can enable two front-wheels in left and right always while land and ensure vehicle smooth-ride when tilting and turning to.
Embodiment 2
The embodiment of the present invention 2 is substantially the same with embodiment 1, and difference is the part-structure of transfer not Together, details are not described herein again for remaining same section.It is described in detail below in conjunction with Fig. 9.
In the present embodiment, be again provided on the steering push rod 51 ' that the transfer 5 ' includes left mounting hole, in Between mounting hole and right mounting hole;Being separately installed on the left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole can be along place hole The front and rear direction rotation of position axis, cross section turn to pusher bar support in the left steering pusher bar support 52 ' of "U" shaped, centre 53 ' and right turn pusher bar support 54 '.Left steering pusher bar support 52 ', intermediate steering pusher bar support 53 ' and the right turn pushes away Bar bracket 54 ' is rotatably installed in left steering arm 26 ', intermediate steering arm 55 ' and right turn arm 36 ' along upper and lower direction respectively On;Left steering arm 26 ', intermediate steering arm 55 ' and the right turn arm 36 ' is respectively fixedly connected in Left-wing Federation's plate 23 ' Left steering arm mounting bracket 27 ', the intermediate steering arm mounting bracket 161 ' of intermediate yoke plate 16 ' and the right turn of right yoke plate 33 ' In arm mounting bracket 37 '.
Using above-mentioned structure and connection type, so that transfer can equally be revolved rotating around up and down and back and forth direction Turn, when rocker arm assembly waves above and below, still left and right suspension assembly can be pushed to revolve to the left or to the right rotating around respective axis Turn, so that it is guaranteed that vehicle is in inclination and two front-wheels are remained while being landed when turning to or so.
It is the detailed description that the specific embodiment different to the present invention is carried out above, is only used for helping to understand the present invention Disclosed technical solution and working principle, is not intended to limit embodiments of the present invention and application range.If not taking off From in the spirit and scope of the present invention, to various changes, change and (or) combination of the invention, if these changes, change and (or) combination belong within the scope of claim and equivalent technologies of the invention, then the present invention also comprising these change, change and (or) combination.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle, including vehicle frame, left suspension assembly, right suspension assembly, rocking arm set Part and transfer;The left suspension assembly and right suspension assembly are symmetrically mounted at the left and right of the vehicle frame by rocker arm assembly Two sides;The front end of the vehicle frame is equipped with headstock standpipe;It is characterized by: the rocker arm assembly includes that upper left rocker arm, upper right are shaken Arm, lower front arm and lower rear arm, wherein upper left rocker arm and upper right rocker arm are symmetrically rotatably installed at the headstock The left and right sides of riser upper;The lower front arm and lower rear arm are rotatably installed at headstock standpipe lower part Front and rear sides;The transfer is installed below the rocker arm assembly.
2. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper left rocker arm Cross section is Y-shaped, and Y-shaped open at one end forms semi-surrounding cavity, which is coaxially respectively provided with a left mounting hole; The upper left rocker arm other end is equipped with a right mounting hole, and turnably is installed on the headstock standpipe by the right mounting hole On;Upper right rocker arm cross section is Y-shaped, and Y-shaped open at one end forms semi-surrounding cavity, and the cavity two sides are coaxially each Equipped with a right mounting hole;The upper right rocker arm other end is equipped with a left mounting hole, and turnably is pacified by the left mounting hole Loaded on the headstock standpipe.
3. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The left suspension assembly includes left steering pipe, left steering column, Left-wing Federation's plate and left damping device;The left steering pipe is worn It is formed in semi-surrounding cavity in the upper left rocker arm Y-shaped open at one end;The left side on the left steering pipe top is equipped with upper left rocker arm Rotating bracket, the forward and backward side of left steering pipe lower part are respectively equipped with lower front arm left support and lower rear arm left support;The left-hand rotation It turnably is mounted on to column in the left steering pipe;Left-wing Federation's plate is fixed on the lower end of the left steering column;The left side Yoke plate is equipped with left steering arm mounting bracket;The left damping device top is connect with Left-wing Federation's plate;
The right suspension assembly includes right turn pipe, right turn column, right yoke plate and right damping device;The right turn pipe is worn It is formed in semi-surrounding cavity in the upper right rocker arm Y-shaped open at one end;The right side on the right turn pipe top is equipped with upper right rocker arm Rotating bracket, the forward and backward side of right turn pipe lower part are respectively equipped with lower front arm right support and lower rear arm right support;The right-hand rotation It turnably is mounted on to column in the right turn pipe;The right yoke plate is fixed on the lower end of the right turn column;The right side Yoke plate is equipped with right turn arm mounting bracket;The right damping device top is connect with the right yoke plate.
4. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the headstock standpipe The arranged on left and right sides on top is respectively equipped with upper left rocker arm mounting bracket and upper right rocker arm mounting bracket, headstock standpipe lower part Forward and backward side is respectively equipped with lower front arm mounting bracket and lower rear arm mounting bracket;Being equipped in the headstock standpipe can be rotated Intermediate steering column, the upper end is fixedly connected with a steering hand handle, and lower end is fixedly connected with an intermediate yoke plate, which sets There is intermediate steering arm mounting bracket.
5. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The lower front arm is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, and the lower front arm passes through above-mentioned mounting hole Rotationally respectively with the lower front arm left support of left steering pipe, the lower front arm mounting bracket of headstock standpipe and right turn pipe Lower front arm right support connection;
The lower rear arm is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole, and the lower rear arm passes through above-mentioned mounting hole Rotationally respectively with the lower rear arm left support of left steering pipe, the lower rear arm mounting bracket of headstock standpipe and right turn pipe Lower rear arm right support connection;
The axis composition one of the left and right mounting hole of the upper left the rocker arm left mounting hole of forward and backward rocker arm, intermediate mounting hole under Parallelogram;The axis composition of the left and right mounting hole of upper right the rocker arm intermediate mounting hole of forward and backward rocker arm, right mounting hole under One parallelogram, above-mentioned two parallelogram are distributed along axis of headstock standpipe of vehicle frame or so.
6. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the steering dress It installs in the top of left and right damping device, and the lower section of the rocker arm assembly is set;The transfer includes to turn To push rod, the steering push rod is equipped with left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole;The left mounting hole, intermediate peace Push rod branch can be turned to along the left steering pusher bar support of place hole location axis rotation, centre by being separately installed on dress hole and right mounting hole Frame and right turn pusher bar support;Left steering pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and the right turn pusher bar support difference It is installed in rotation on left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm;Left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and the right-hand rotation It is respectively fixedly connected on Left-wing Federation's plate, intermediate yoke plate and right yoke plate to arm.
7. the front wheel suspension leaning device of described in any item two front wheels vehicles according to claim 1~6, it is characterised in that: institute The lower front arm and lower rear arm stated are components extend in left-right direction and rectangular in cross-section, the up and down direction in section Length is greater than length in the front-back direction.
8. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the steering pushes away The distance of the left and right mounting hole axis of bar, greater than the distance of the left and right steering column axis.
9. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the steering push rod On left mounting hole, be separately installed with and can be rotated along the upper and lower direction of place hole location axis on intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole , cross section in " Y " font left steering pusher bar support, intermediate turn to pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support;
The left steering pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support are rotatable along front and rear direction respectively Ground is mounted on left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm.
10. the front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the steering pushes away It is separately installed with and can be revolved along the front and rear direction of place hole location axis on left mounting hole, intermediate mounting hole and right mounting hole on bar Turn, cross section turns to pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support in the left steering pusher bar support of "U" shaped, centre;Described Left steering pusher bar support, intermediate steering pusher bar support and right turn pusher bar support are rotatably installed in along upper and lower direction respectively On left steering arm, intermediate steering arm and right turn arm.
CN201910280826.0A 2019-04-09 2019-04-09 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double front wheel vehicle Active CN109895912B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910280826.0A CN109895912B (en) 2019-04-09 2019-04-09 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double front wheel vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910280826.0A CN109895912B (en) 2019-04-09 2019-04-09 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double front wheel vehicle

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109895912A true CN109895912A (en) 2019-06-18
CN109895912B CN109895912B (en) 2024-03-15

Family

ID=66954592

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910280826.0A Active CN109895912B (en) 2019-04-09 2019-04-09 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double front wheel vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109895912B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110217331A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-10 好骑出行(杭州)科技有限公司 A kind of leaning device of electric vehicle Split type front-wheel
CN110539834A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-12-06 吕榕志 Front double-wheel self-return balancing assembly universal plate deformable device of reverse tricycle
CN110562370A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-12-13 吕榕志 Rocker arm plate deformable device of reverse three-wheel front double-wheel self-return positive balance assembly

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5571861B1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-08-13 克子 小林 Car body tilting device when turning a three-wheeled bicycle
CN105377678A (en) * 2014-01-31 2016-03-02 雅马哈发动机株式会社 Vehicle
US20170088215A1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-03-30 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle
EP3150464A1 (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-05 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Rocking vehicle
DE202017106196U1 (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-10-18 Julian Zheng Single suspension system for electric vehicles with double front wheels and motorcycles
CN107600258A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-19 重庆汉雪科技有限公司 The steering of falling three-wheel rolls mechanism
CN108502077A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-07 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 A kind of two front wheels vehicle waves suspension
CN210011830U (en) * 2019-04-09 2020-02-04 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double-front-wheel vehicle

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105377678A (en) * 2014-01-31 2016-03-02 雅马哈发动机株式会社 Vehicle
JP5571861B1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-08-13 克子 小林 Car body tilting device when turning a three-wheeled bicycle
EP3150464A1 (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-05 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Rocking vehicle
US20170088215A1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-03-30 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle
DE202017106196U1 (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-10-18 Julian Zheng Single suspension system for electric vehicles with double front wheels and motorcycles
CN107600258A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-19 重庆汉雪科技有限公司 The steering of falling three-wheel rolls mechanism
CN108502077A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-07 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 A kind of two front wheels vehicle waves suspension
CN210011830U (en) * 2019-04-09 2020-02-04 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double-front-wheel vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110217331A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-10 好骑出行(杭州)科技有限公司 A kind of leaning device of electric vehicle Split type front-wheel
CN110217331B (en) * 2019-07-12 2023-12-22 浙江森铃摩托车有限公司 Tilting mechanism of electric motor car split type front wheel
CN110539834A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-12-06 吕榕志 Front double-wheel self-return balancing assembly universal plate deformable device of reverse tricycle
CN110562370A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-12-13 吕榕志 Rocker arm plate deformable device of reverse three-wheel front double-wheel self-return positive balance assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109895912B (en) 2024-03-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7909340B2 (en) Vehicle with improved integrated steering and suspension system
CN1572644B (en) Three-wheel rolling vehicle with front two-wheel steering
CN100448736C (en) Laterally-leaning four wheeled vehicle
CN105813922B (en) Vehicle with tilt frame
CN108116577B (en) Three-wheeled electric vehicle capable of tilting sideways
CN104029730B (en) Can lateral inclination more rut vehicles
CN109895912A (en) A kind of front wheel suspension leaning device of two front wheels vehicle
JP2018538193A (en) Motor vehicle
CN107600258A (en) The steering of falling three-wheel rolls mechanism
CN104743021B (en) Roll three-wheeled motor vehicle
US20220355884A1 (en) Vehicle with a stability system that compensates for the centrifugal force and the transverse component of the inertia force when cornering
CN105143029A (en) Articulated two-wheeled vehicles
USRE44854E1 (en) Vehicle with improved integrated steering and suspension system
US20190009629A1 (en) "afw" vehicle suspension (variants)
CN206797565U (en) Tilting positive three-wheeled motor vehicle can brake type leaning device
CN103387026A (en) Vehicle
CN202295150U (en) Pedal type three-wheeled motorcycle with two wheels at front side
CN109878616A (en) The support steering mechanism of two front wheels motorcycle
CN102180210B (en) Laterally-leaning positive tricycle
CN102785735A (en) Pedal type motor tricycle with two wheels on front side
WO2015166241A1 (en) Human-propellable vehicle
CN207917048U (en) Three-wheeled electric vehicle can be rolled down
CN210011830U (en) Front wheel suspension tilting mechanism of double-front-wheel vehicle
CN209972671U (en) Positive tricycle with control rod controlling rear wheel to turn and synchronously controlling body to incline
CN101559803A (en) Tricycle tilting device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant