CN109888451B - Multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism - Google Patents

Multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109888451B
CN109888451B CN201910258644.3A CN201910258644A CN109888451B CN 109888451 B CN109888451 B CN 109888451B CN 201910258644 A CN201910258644 A CN 201910258644A CN 109888451 B CN109888451 B CN 109888451B
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antenna
control
revolution
pitching
standard
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CN109888451A (en
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罗显彬
田波
陈松
冯汝云
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Chongqing Bintian Technology Co ltd
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Chongqing Bintian Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism, and belongs to the technical field of antennas. The mechanism realizes the multi-degree-of-freedom linkage of the integral independent revolution of the multi-system plate-shaped antenna carried on the single mast, the rotation and the pitching of each plate-shaped antenna, the rotation and the pitching of the microwave antenna, the rotation and the pitching of the lightning rod and the like through a far-end centralized control system, and can manually or automatically complete the tasks of the antenna, such as the folding, the unfolding and the adjustment, the couplet of the microwave antenna and the like by combining the action control of a skylight and a lifting rod on a vehicle. The control mode of a centralized control system matched with the tower top mechanism is integrated with the local control mode, the line control mode, the remote control mode and the touch screen mode, and the integrated control system is connected with the driving module through a bus to realize the multi-degree-of-freedom motion control of a complete set of remote mechanisms. The invention has the characteristics of networking, remote control and control point addition, and has strong extendibility of application places.

Description

Multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of antennas, and relates to a multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism.
Background
The communication base station lifting antenna adopts a lifting rod or lifting as a carrier of the antenna (microwave, radio frequency and the like) to realize the communication function. The communication base stations comprise various types of communication facilities such as permanent base stations, semi-permanent base stations, temporary network supplementing base stations, movable emergency base stations and the like, and particularly various small and medium-sized base stations have many advantages due to the adoption of the lifting antenna.
The emergency maneuvering command communication system is a platform for organically integrating a quick-response communication system and an information system, can synthesize various emergency service resources, uniformly command and jointly act, provides quick and timely emergency rescue services for citizens, and provides powerful guarantee for social public safety. The method is widely applied to the industries of civil air defense, army, bank, weather, earthquake and the like.
The emergency maneuvering command communication system comprises a fixed command center and an emergency maneuvering command communication vehicle.
The emergency motor command communication vehicle is an extension of a fixed command center, and can quickly feed back the situation of an incident scene to the fixed command center. The emergency command platform can be used as a field emergency command communication center of an emergency, a field command platform is formed near an event field, support is provided for each professional group on the field, support is provided for each level of emergency decision and command, and handling capacity of the emergency is further improved. A pulling type emergency communication base station-mobile communication base station lifting antenna adopts a lifting rod or a lifting tower as a carrier of an antenna (microwave, radio frequency and the like) to realize a communication function. The communication base stations comprise various types of communication facilities such as permanent base stations, semi-permanent base stations, temporary network supplementing base stations, movable emergency base stations and the like, and particularly various small and medium-sized base stations have many advantages due to the adoption of the lifting antenna.
At present, mobile communication systems develop rapidly, after 2G, 3G and 4G are popularized and applied, 5G is also released, a mobile base station vehicle is often required to carry communication devices of different systems during capacity expansion and expansion tasks, the existing equipment is often provided with a lifting mast by adopting a system antenna, and the mode inevitably causes that when the communication command vehicle carries two systems of communication devices, a double mast and two independent antenna tower top mechanisms are required, and devices such as multi-system plate antennas, microwaves, lightning rods and the like are required to be carried simultaneously, so that the layout is more dispersed, the integration level is lower, and the occupied space is larger. The invention aims to solve the defects, realizes the simultaneous carrying of two types of antenna systems on a single mast, and can realize the azimuth adjustment of each antenna system. Thereby reducing the number of equipment and wasted space of the vehicle.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the present invention provides a multi-system composite dual-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism comprises a mechanism part and a control system;
the mechanism part comprises a revolution holder system and an antenna azimuth and elevation system;
the revolution tripod head system comprises an installation base, a standard antenna one-revolution system, a standard antenna two-revolution system, an integrated tripod head, a standard antenna two-turnover mechanism and a tripod head turnover mechanism; the mounting base is connected with the lifting rod;
the mounting base is sequentially provided with a first standard antenna revolution system, a second standard antenna revolution system and a tripod head turnover mechanism;
the system antenna first revolution system is provided with a position and pitching system of the system antenna first, and the system antenna second revolution system is provided with a system antenna second turnover mechanism, a position and pitching system of the system antenna second;
the integrated tripod head is arranged at one end of the tripod head turnover mechanism; the integrated holder is provided with a lightning rod and a microwave antenna;
the system antenna I is arranged on the system antenna I direction and pitching system, and the system antenna II is arranged on the system antenna II direction and pitching system;
the antenna azimuth and elevation system is independently carried on the revolution holder system in a partition mode, so that the communication antenna azimuth and elevation posture are independently adjusted; the azimuth and elevation systems of the standard antenna I and the standard antenna II respectively comprise an antenna horizontal rotating mechanism and an antenna elevation mechanism; the antenna pitching mechanism is connected through a push rod perpendicular to the antenna horizontal rotating mechanism;
the control system is used for realizing the attitude independent control of a plurality of degrees of freedom of the carrying equipment, and specifically comprises: the system comprises a first standard antenna, a second standard antenna, an azimuth and elevation system independent control system, a revolution system independent control system, an integrated holder independent control system, a microwave antenna independent control system, a lightning rod independent control system and a centralized control host;
the azimuth and elevation system independent control systems of the standard antenna I and the standard antenna II, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the revolution system, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the integrated holder, the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the microwave antenna and the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the lightning rod are respectively connected with the centralized control host;
the centralized control host is sequentially connected with the lifting rod decoder and the lifting rod.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the intelligent controller adopts an ARM controller as a main body, adopts a high-current motor drive control module which is independently developed and produced, has a fanless heat dissipation structure design, and has the functions of stepless speed regulation (the speed regulation range is 5% -98%) of acceleration, deceleration and braking;
(2) the multi-stage linkage mechanisms are logically interlocked and are added with a one-key technology to quickly execute to a preset state, so that the operation difficulty of personnel is greatly reduced;
(3) a one-key unfolding and one-key resetting technology of a multi-stage linkage mechanism;
(4) the remote control and control host adopts a 2.4G wireless communication technology, the communication distance is as far as 500 meters, and the remote control and control host has certain bending and penetration capacity, low power consumption, short time delay, large network capacity, reliability and safety;
(5) the four control modes of the local control, the line control, the remote control and the touch screen are integrated;
(6) the four control modes and the multi-stage linkage device adopt CAN and RS485 bus distributed design; according to the principles of near control and remote protocol logic control, the system is reliable, and the whole cable is simple;
(7) the structural design of large torque and subversion torque in a vehicle-mounted environment is met;
(8) the fanless heat dissipation structure design can be applied to a fully-sealed equipment shell;
(9) the high-strength aluminum alloy mainly has a structure, small self weight and high strength;
(10) the design of a high-reliability transmission structure;
(11) the antenna is suitable for various plate-shaped antennas (including MIMO antennas and the like) and microwave antennas;
(12) the vehicle-mounted environment is developed and manufactured adaptively, and the use of various road conditions is met.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out hereinafter.
Drawings
For the purposes of promoting a better understanding of the objects, aspects and advantages of the invention, reference will now be made to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a general diagram of a single mast tower top mechanism of an antenna in a fully retracted state;
FIG. 2 is a general view of the antenna single mast tower top mechanism in a fully deployed state;
FIG. 3 is a view of the revolution platform system;
FIG. 4 is a diagram of an antenna azimuth and elevation system architecture;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an initial state;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a system antenna II being turned over and unfolded;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the turning of the integrated pan-tilt;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a lightning rod and a microwave antenna being turned upside down;
FIG. 9 is a fully expanded schematic view;
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the fully retracted state;
fig. 11 is a control system configuration diagram.
Reference numerals: 1-mounting a base, 2-lifting rods, 3-standard antenna one-revolution system, 4-standard antenna two-revolution system, 5-integrated pan-tilt, 6-standard antenna two-turnover mechanism, 7-pan-tilt turnover mechanism, 8-antenna horizontal rotation mechanism, 9-antenna pitching mechanism, 10-cross rod, 11-lightning rod, 12-microwave antenna, 13-standard antenna one and 14-standard antenna two.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to specific embodiments, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will be easily understood by those skilled in the art from the disclosure of the present specification. The invention is capable of other and different embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways, and its several details are capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. It should be noted that the drawings provided in the following embodiments are only for illustrating the basic idea of the present invention in a schematic way, and the features in the following embodiments and examples may be combined with each other without conflict.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustrating the invention only and not for the purpose of limiting the same, and in which there is shown by way of illustration only and not in the drawings in which there is no intention to limit the invention thereto; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some parts of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention correspond to the same or similar components; in the description of the present invention, it should be understood that if there is an orientation or positional relationship indicated by terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", etc., based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not an indication or suggestion that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only used for illustrative purposes, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and the specific meaning of the terms may be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Referring to fig. 1 to 11, a multi-system composite dual-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism includes a mechanism portion and a control system;
the mechanism part comprises a revolution holder system and an antenna azimuth and elevation system;
the revolution tripod head system comprises an installation base 1, a lifting rod 2, a standard antenna one-revolution system 3, a standard antenna two-revolution system 4, an integrated tripod head 5, a standard antenna two-turnover mechanism 6 and a tripod head turnover mechanism 7; the lifting rod is connected with the mounting base;
the mounting base is sequentially provided with a first standard antenna revolution system, a second standard antenna turnover mechanism and a tripod head turnover mechanism;
the integrated holder is arranged at one end of the lifting rod; the integrated holder is provided with a lightning rod 11 and a microwave antenna 12;
a first system antenna 13 is arranged on the first system antenna revolution system, and a second system antenna 14 is arranged on the second system antenna revolution system;
the antenna azimuth and elevation system is independently carried on the revolution holder system in a partition mode, so that the communication antenna azimuth and elevation posture are independently adjusted; the antenna azimuth and elevation system comprises an antenna horizontal rotation mechanism 8 and an antenna elevation mechanism 9; the antenna pitching mechanism and the antenna horizontal rotating mechanism are connected through a cross rod 10 which is vertical to the antenna horizontal rotating mechanism;
the control system is used for realizing the attitude independent control of a plurality of degrees of freedom of the carrying equipment, and specifically comprises: the system comprises a first standard antenna, a second standard antenna, an azimuth and elevation system independent control system, a revolution system independent control system, an integrated holder independent control system, a microwave antenna independent control system, a lightning rod independent control system and a centralized control host;
the azimuth and elevation system independent control systems of the standard antenna I and the standard antenna II, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the revolution system, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the integrated holder, the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the microwave antenna and the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the lightning rod are respectively connected with the centralized control host;
the centralized control host is sequentially connected with the lifting rod decoder and the lifting rod.
The centralized control host is also electrically connected with the touch screen and the wire controller;
the centralized control host is connected with the remote controller in an infrared mode.
The multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism is specially designed for mobile base station vehicles to deal with the latest communication equipment, the tower top part can be simultaneously loaded with multi-system plate-shaped antennas, microwaves, lightning rods and other equipment, and a remote centralized control system can realize the multi-system plate-shaped antennas to integrally and independently revolve, the rotation and the pitching of each plate-shaped antenna, the rotation and the pitching of the microwave antennas, the rotation and the pitching of the lightning rods and other multi-degree-of-freedom linkage, and meanwhile, the multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism can manually or automatically complete the tasks of antenna collection, unfolding and adjustment, microwave antenna coupling, lightning rod posture adjustment and the like by combining the action control of a skylight and a lifting rod on the. The centralized control system matched with the tower top mechanism supports two tower top mechanisms of a single tower and a double tower, and the control mode of the centralized control system is integrated with a local control mode, a line control mode, a remote control mode and a touch screen mode; the internal integration double motors and double lifting on-off controllers are connected with the driving module through buses, and multi-degree-of-freedom motion control of the whole set of far-end mechanism is realized. The product has the characteristics of networking, remote control, control point addition and the like, belongs to a multi-degree-of-freedom linkage control device, and has extremely strong extendibility of application places.
Finally, the above embodiments are only intended to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention and not to limit the present invention, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made on the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions, and all of them should be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism is characterized in that: comprises a mechanism part and a control system;
the mechanism part comprises a revolution holder system;
the revolution tripod head system comprises an installation base, a standard antenna one-revolution system, a standard antenna two-revolution system, an integrated tripod head, a standard antenna two-turnover mechanism and a tripod head turnover mechanism; the mounting base is connected with the lifting rod;
the mounting base is sequentially provided with a first standard antenna revolution system, a second standard antenna revolution system and a tripod head turnover mechanism;
the system antenna first revolution system is provided with a position and pitching system of the system antenna first, and the system antenna second revolution system is provided with a system antenna second turnover mechanism, a position and pitching system of the system antenna second;
the integrated tripod head is arranged at one end of the tripod head turnover mechanism; the integrated holder is provided with a lightning rod and a microwave antenna;
the system antenna I is arranged on the system antenna I direction and pitching system, and the system antenna II is arranged on the system antenna II direction and pitching system;
the system antenna first position, the system antenna second position and the pitching system are independently carried in a partition mode on the revolution holder system, and the independent adjustment of the communication antenna position and the pitching attitude is realized; the azimuth and elevation systems of the standard antenna I and the standard antenna II respectively comprise an antenna horizontal rotating mechanism and an antenna elevation mechanism; the antenna pitching mechanism is connected with a push rod perpendicular to the antenna horizontal rotating mechanism;
the control system is used for realizing the attitude independent control of a plurality of degrees of freedom of the carrying equipment, and specifically comprises: the system comprises a first standard antenna, a second standard antenna, an azimuth and elevation system independent control system, a revolution system independent control system, an integrated holder independent control system, a microwave antenna independent control system, a lightning rod independent control system and a centralized control host;
the azimuth and elevation system independent control systems of the standard antenna I and the standard antenna II, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the revolution system, the azimuth degree of freedom independent control system of the integrated holder, the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the microwave antenna and the elevation degree of freedom independent control system of the lightning rod are respectively connected with the centralized control host;
the centralized control host is sequentially connected with the lifting rod decoder and the lifting rod;
the centralized control host is also electrically connected with the touch screen and the wire controller;
the centralized control host is in wireless connection with the remote controller.
CN201910258644.3A 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 Multi-system composite double-antenna single-mast tower top mechanism Active CN109888451B (en)

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CN109888451B true CN109888451B (en) 2021-03-02

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201247817Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-05-27 浙江通普特种车有限公司 Antenna transmission system
CN201282459Y (en) * 2008-09-09 2009-07-29 中国移动通信集团公司 Emergency communication vehicle
CN103956561A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 北京航天控制仪器研究所 Long-rod-shaped antenna turnover mechanism for small-sized communication van
CN204179200U (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-02-25 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A kind of radio-frequency antenna and microwave antenna structure part, base station towers system and mast system
US9437918B1 (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-09-06 Sprint Communications Company L.P. Antenna mounting bracket with adjustable azimuth settings

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103165984B (en) * 2011-12-08 2016-10-05 京信通信系统(中国)有限公司 A kind of mobile communication system and Multi-beam antenna apparatus thereof
CN203300782U (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-11-20 成都中兢伟奇科技有限责任公司 Portable interferometer direction-finder antenna

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201247817Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-05-27 浙江通普特种车有限公司 Antenna transmission system
CN201282459Y (en) * 2008-09-09 2009-07-29 中国移动通信集团公司 Emergency communication vehicle
CN204179200U (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-02-25 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A kind of radio-frequency antenna and microwave antenna structure part, base station towers system and mast system
US9437918B1 (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-09-06 Sprint Communications Company L.P. Antenna mounting bracket with adjustable azimuth settings
CN103956561A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 北京航天控制仪器研究所 Long-rod-shaped antenna turnover mechanism for small-sized communication van

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