CN109881784A - A kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support - Google Patents

A kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109881784A
CN109881784A CN201910058534.2A CN201910058534A CN109881784A CN 109881784 A CN109881784 A CN 109881784A CN 201910058534 A CN201910058534 A CN 201910058534A CN 109881784 A CN109881784 A CN 109881784A
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China
Prior art keywords
arc
plate
rail
cambered
spring
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CN201910058534.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109881784B (en
Inventor
何文福
刘科
李韶平
黄小林
杨杰
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Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute Co Ltd
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
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Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute Co Ltd
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201910058534.2A priority Critical patent/CN109881784B/en
Priority claimed from CN201910058534.2A external-priority patent/CN109881784B/en
Publication of CN109881784A publication Critical patent/CN109881784A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation supports comprising top plate, top shoe, connecting rod, sliding block, arc-shaped slide rail, spring, connecting plate, rubber support and bottom plate;Arc-shaped slide rail has bottom and top surface, and top surface is equipped with sliding rail, and one end of sliding rail is downward to other end arc;The upper and lower side of connecting rod is fixedly connected with top shoe and sliding block respectively, the top of top shoe is slidably supported in the bottom surface oriented sliding of the top plate, the lower end of sliding block is slidably supported on the top surface sliding rail of the arc-shaped slide rail, and contact surface uses friction material;The upper end of spring is fixedly connected on sliding block upper and lower end and is fixedly connected on connecting plate;The bottom of arc-shaped slide rail is fixedly connected on connection plate top surface, and connecting plate bottom surface is fixedly connected at the top of rubber support, and bottom plate is fixedly connected with rubber support bottom.The present invention is able to solve the gravity carrying problem in vertical earthquake isolating design, and simple structure, stress is clear, is conducive to be mass produced and use.

Description

A kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support
Technical field
The present invention relates to ambient vibrations and antidetonation, cushion technique field, and in particular to a kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional isolation Support, it can be used in common building object, special construction, bridge and mechanical equipment damping/vibration.
Background technique
Building Base-isolated Technique has achieved remarkable research results, but research both at home and abroad is largely to close In horizontal direction shock insulation, very big challenge is still remained in terms of vertical earthquake isolating.
Currently, many scholars at home and abroad attempt to develop many three-dimensional isolation devices, for level of isolation simultaneously and vertically Earthquake is largely to carry out vertical earthquake isolating using air spring, hydraulic oil and convert support horizontal displacement for vertical deformation Combined isolation support.Vertical earthquake isolating maximum difficulty is the larger bearing capacity demand and the smaller rigidity of Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer of superstructure Contradiction.Many three-dimensional isolation devices not can solve this problem, when the weight of superstructure is larger, certainly by structure Influence to Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer caused by weight is prevent it is extensive raw to limit its from giving full play to and unstable for earthquake isolating equipment performance A possibility that producing and using.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are just to provide a kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support, effectively Solve the larger bearing capacity demand of superstructure and the contradiction of the smaller rigidity of Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, earthquake isolating equipment performance is sufficiently sent out Wave and reliable and stable, make it possible its large-scale production and use.
Above-mentioned technical problem is solved, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support, it is characterised in that: including top plate, top shoe, connecting rod, sliding block, arc Shape sliding rail, spring, connecting plate, rubber support and bottom plate;The arc-shaped slide rail has bottom and top surface, and top surface is equipped with sliding rail, One end of sliding rail is downward to other end arc;The upper and lower side of connecting rod is fixedly connected with top shoe and sliding block respectively, top shoe Top is slidably supported at the oriented sliding of the bottom surface of the top plate, and the lower end of sliding block is slidably supported at the arc On the top surface sliding rail of shape sliding rail, contact surface uses friction material;The upper end of spring is fixedly connected on the fixed company of sliding block upper and lower end It is connected on connecting plate;The bottom of arc-shaped slide rail is fixedly connected on connection plate top surface, and connecting plate bottom surface is fixedly connected with rubber support top Portion, bottom plate are fixedly connected with rubber support bottom.
Preferably, the spring is variable curvature arc spring or straight spring.Variable curvature arc spring can arcuately sliding rail Top surface sliding rail arrangement, straight spring can be changed itself and ground during arcuately sliding rail slides by vertical load in sliding block Angle.
Preferably, the arc of the sliding rail of the top surface of the arc-shaped slide rail is arc surface or variable curvature cambered surface.
Preferably, the top of the top shoe is slideably embedded in the oriented sliding for being supported on the bottom surface of the top plate, The lower end of sliding block is slideably embedded on the top surface sliding rail for being supported on the arc-shaped slide rail, and it is vertical to meet three-dimensional shock isolation support Tension demand.
Preferably, the arc-shaped slide rail quantity at least two, multiple arcs guide rail are then uniformly distributed, arc-shaped slide rail Cambered surface curvature can the corresponding spring rate of consistent perhaps inconsistent while different arc-shaped slide rails can be consistent or inconsistent, Visual stress needs are determined.
Both the contact surface can be one of two objects using friction material and use friction material, can also All use.
Under superstructure self weight and geological process, sliding block arcuately sliding rail sliding compression spring utilizes the anti-of spring Active force supports superstructure, realizes the big carrying of small rigidity, solves the problems, such as the gravity carrying in vertical earthquake isolating design.
The present invention undertakes superstructure gravity and the high cambered surface slide type three-dimensional isolation of stability using reactive spring force Support realizes three-dimensional isolation.
Compared with prior art, the present invention having following obvious prominent substantive distinguishing features and remarkable advantage:
1, the achievable vertical earthquake isolating function of the present invention, the horizontal vibration-isolating system of cooperation is used in conjunction with, it can be achieved that three-dimensional damping/vibration Purpose.
2, on the lesser opposing-force support of straight spring of the present invention using the arc spring or variable-angle of variable curvature Structure larger gravity in portion's realizes that superstructure gravity and quality decouple, the influence for avoiding gravity from designing vertical earthquake isolating.
3, arc-shaped guide rail of the invention can be circular arc or variable curvature curved surface, spring can arcuately guide rail cambered surface cloth Set perhaps that diagonally straight line arrangement can be realized under geological process that spring is vertically smaller or without rigidity always.
4, arc-shaped guide rail quantity of the invention is at least 2, can be three or more, cambered surface between different arc-shaped slide rails Curvature can be consistent or inconsistent, while spring rate is variable, is applicable to the superstructure of different weight and shape, is applicable in Range is wide, and tactical rule is simple, and stress performance is stablized, the condition for having large-scale production and using.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional appearance schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the composed structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is the straight spring varied angle schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 4 is the straight spring of the embodiment of the present invention three and variable curvature arc-shaped slide rail schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is that four top plate of the embodiment of the present invention and top shoe are embedded in connection schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the arc-shaped slide rail schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 7 is the arc spring schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 8 is connecting plate of the invention, rubber support and bottom plate stereoscopic schematic diagram.
Appended drawing reference refers in figure:
1- top plate;
2- top shoe;
3- connecting rod;
4- sliding block;
5- arc-shaped slide rail;
6- spring;
7- connecting plate;
8- rubber support;
9- bottom plate.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, the embodiment of the present invention one include: top plate 1, top shoe 2, connecting rod 3, under Sliding block 4, arc-shaped slide rail 5, spring 6, connecting plate 7, rubber support 8 and bottom plate 9.The arc-shaped slide rail is one piece of riser, is had Horizontal bottom and arc top surface, arc top surface are equipped with sliding rail, and one end of sliding rail is downward to other end arc;The upper and lower side of connecting rod 3 It is fixedly connected respectively with top shoe 2 and sliding block 4, the top of top shoe 2 is slidably supported at the bottom surface orientation of the top plate 1 Sliding (is allowed to oriented sliding by being equipped with guide rail or guide groove), and it is sliding that the lower end of sliding block 4 is slidably supported at the arc On the top surface sliding rail of rail 5, contact surface uses friction material;The upper end of spring 6 is fixedly connected on the fixed company of 4 upper and lower end of sliding block It is connected on connecting plate 7;The bottom of arc-shaped slide rail 5 is fixedly connected on 7 top surface of connecting plate, and 7 bottom surface of connecting plate is fixedly connected with rubber branch 8 top of seat, bottom plate 9 are fixedly connected with 8 bottom of rubber support.
5 quantity of arc-shaped slide rail of the present embodiment one is four, and the arc of the sliding rail of top surface is arc surface, cambered surface curvature one It causes, spring 6 is the top surface sliding rail arrangement of arc-shaped spring arcuately sliding rail, while the rigidity of four springs 6 is consistent;Contact surface is adopted It can be one of two objects using friction material with friction material, can also both use.
As shown in Fig. 2, arc spring 6 arcuately arrange by sliding rail 5, and under Upper Structure, the arcuately sliding rail of sliding block 4 5 slidings.
Referring to Fig. 3 be the embodiment of the present invention two, with embodiment one the difference is that: the spring 6 be straight spring, Its angle that can be changed itself and ground during arcuately sliding rail slides by vertical load in sliding block is made in superstructure Under, arcuately after the sliding of sliding rail 5, straight spring 6 occurs to compress and rotate sliding block 4 therewith.
Referring to fig. 4 be the embodiment of the present invention three, with embodiment one the difference is that: the spring 6 be straight bullet Spring, arc-shaped slide rail top surface sliding rail arc be variable curvature cambered surface, curvature regard stress it needs to be determined that, under vertical uniform load q, glide Block 4 is slided along variable curvature arc-shaped slide rail 5, realizes the variation of three-dimensional shock isolation support vertical rigidity.
Referring to Fig. 5 be the embodiment of the present invention four, with embodiment one the difference is that: the top of the top shoe 2 End is slideably embedded in the bottom surface oriented sliding for being supported on the top plate 1, and the lower end of sliding block 4 is slideably embedded in and is supported on institute (not shown) on the top surface sliding rail for the arc-shaped slide rail 5 stated meets the vertical tension demand of three-dimensional shock isolation support.
When superstructure is in irregular shape, multiple arcs guide rail can be used, under vertical uniform load q, multiple arcs guide rail On sliding block slide simultaneously, by respective reactive spring force effect keep balance.Guide rail when 5 quantity of arc-shaped slide rail is multiple It is then uniformly distributed, the cambered surface curvature of arc-shaped slide rail 5 can be consistent or inconsistent, while the corresponding spring 6 of different arc-shaped slide rails 5 Rigidity can be consistent or inconsistent.
As shown in fig. 6, arc-shaped slide rail 5 can be arc surface, variable curvature cambered surface to meet different-stiffness demand.
As shown in fig. 7, spring 6 can be arc spring, arcuately sliding rail 5 is arranged.
As shown in figure 8, rubber support 8 can realize three-dimensional isolation.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support, it is characterised in that: including top plate (1), top shoe (2), connecting rod (3), under Sliding block (4), arc-shaped slide rail (5), spring (6), connecting plate (7), rubber support (8) and bottom plate (9);The arc-shaped slide rail has Bottom and top surface, top surface are equipped with sliding rail, and one end of sliding rail is downward to other end arc;The upper and lower side of connecting rod (3) respectively with upper cunning Block (2) is fixedly connected with sliding block (4), and the bottom surface orientation that the top of top shoe (2) is slidably supported at the top plate (1) is slided Dynamic, the lower end of sliding block (4) is slidably supported on the top surface sliding rail of the arc-shaped slide rail (5), and contact surface uses friction material Material;The upper end of spring (6) is fixedly connected on sliding block (4) upper and lower end and is fixedly connected on connecting plate (7);Arc-shaped slide rail (5) Bottom is fixedly connected on connecting plate (7) top surface, and connecting plate (7) bottom surface is fixedly connected at the top of rubber support (8), bottom plate (9) and rubber Glue support (8) bottom is fixedly connected.
2. cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the spring (6) is to become bent Rate arc spring or straight spring.
3. cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the arc-shaped slide rail top surface The arc of sliding rail be arc surface or variable curvature cambered surface, curvature regard stress it needs to be determined that.
4. cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top shoe (2) Top is slideably embedded in the bottom surface oriented sliding for being supported on the top plate (1), and the lower end of sliding block (4) is slideably embedded in branch It holds on the top surface sliding rail of the arc-shaped slide rail (5).
5. cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the arc-shaped slide rail (5) Quantity at least two, multiple arcs guide rail are then uniformly distributed, and the cambered surface curvature of arc-shaped slide rail (5) can be consistent or different It causes, while corresponding spring (6) rigidity of different arc-shaped slide rails (5) can be consistent or inconsistent.
6. cambered surface slide type three-dimensional shock isolation support according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the contact surface is used and rubbed Wiping material can be one of two objects using friction material, can also both use.
CN201910058534.2A 2019-01-22 Cambered surface sliding type three-dimensional shock insulation support Active CN109881784B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910058534.2A CN109881784B (en) 2019-01-22 Cambered surface sliding type three-dimensional shock insulation support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910058534.2A CN109881784B (en) 2019-01-22 Cambered surface sliding type three-dimensional shock insulation support

Publications (2)

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CN109881784A true CN109881784A (en) 2019-06-14
CN109881784B CN109881784B (en) 2021-08-31

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156913A (en) * 2020-01-04 2020-05-15 江苏平山交通设施有限公司 Self-sensing intelligent bridge support and system based on Internet of things technology

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156913A (en) * 2020-01-04 2020-05-15 江苏平山交通设施有限公司 Self-sensing intelligent bridge support and system based on Internet of things technology

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