CN109851443A - Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process - Google Patents

Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109851443A
CN109851443A CN201910081552.2A CN201910081552A CN109851443A CN 109851443 A CN109851443 A CN 109851443A CN 201910081552 A CN201910081552 A CN 201910081552A CN 109851443 A CN109851443 A CN 109851443A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
organic fertilizer
strain
geobiont
soil
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Pending
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CN201910081552.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
章亦兵
戴荣继
杨长有
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BEIJING TAIHE JIEYUAN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.
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Beijing Research Institute Of Water Environment Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910081552.2A priority Critical patent/CN109851443A/en
Publication of CN109851443A publication Critical patent/CN109851443A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to the technical fields of soil treatment can be improved Soil Microorganism content more particularly to a kind of geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process, promotes soil fertility, adjusts improvement soil, and agricultural products quality can be improved;The following steps are included: (1) raw material stores;(2) strain 1 activates: strain of working being added in the agricultural crop straw particle of its 10 times of volumes, sprays water, press lightly on after mixing evenly, Air Exposure, 3d obtains hair saccharomycete;(3) material mixes: smashed agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta being added in material mixer, and hair saccharomycete is added thereto, is stirred to obtain fermentation raw material;(4) fermentation process: carrying out material fermentation in case of continuous streaming, periodically carries out Air Exposure;(5) strain 2 activates: organic flora is diluted activation;(6) secondary fermentation is handled: the material after everfermentation is carried out secondary fermentation;(7) screening is granulated;(8) packaging outward transport.

Description

Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical fields of soil treatment, more particularly to a kind of geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process.
Background technique
Contain various microorganisms and tiny organism in soil, no matter these microorganisms be it is beneficial or harmful, between them The balance in a kind of ecology is all maintained, conditions each other and coexists, life entity is filled in soil, so soil is soil living.But It is nowadays agriculture pesticide abuse chemical fertilizer, makes this original animated soil, become a piece of dead soil, more due to the destruction of the ecological balance Cause stubborn and breed quick pest and disease damage, pathogen is spread unchecked.The dependence and evil of cause of disease drug resistance and agriculture chemical recycle, and make Obtain agriculture gradually too busy to get away agriculture chemical.In such circumstances, to talk natural farming is part difficult matter.If to adhere to that natural farming is Major premise stops using agriculture chemical, then overnight, the crop in rural area will come to naught.Therefore, we must be with Progressive gimmick reaches the target without chemical agent.
Though the target of organic agriculture is not have to chemical pesticide, fertilizer is not had to, this is the target that we make great efforts, and to reach this One target will pass through a certain distance.Firstly, restoring beneficial microbe in soil, power of nature is played, restores substance between biology The principle of circulation, when and repair the ecological balance and food chain of artificial destruction, using sterilization, mend bacterium, beneficial bacteria advantage and naturally The methods of antagonism, to reduce pesticide, the compromise for material of losing weight is operated, and completely dispenses with pesticide, chemical fertilizer at leisure.Therefore, carry out Biological organic fertilizer, the target that can be only achieved natural farming with organic fertilizer method gradually.
Currently used method is application refined organic fertilizer, but applies refined organic fertilizer and have the disadvantage in that
1, refined organic fertilizer passes through high-temperature process, and all microorganisms are killed substantially, it is difficult to provide beneficial microbe for soil;
2, refined organic fertilizer is lost more by high-temperature process, nutrient by high temperature;
3, refined organic fertilizer reduces the moisture in product simply by high-temperature hot air, not by decomposed, directly using easy Burn root burn seedlings;
4, refined organic fertilizer is by being dried, and deodorizing effect is undesirable, and get damp the taste that gives out a foul smell.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention, which provides one kind, can be improved Soil Microorganism content, promote soil fertilizer Power adjusts improvement soil, and the geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of agricultural products quality can be improved.
Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of the invention, comprising the following steps:
(1) raw material stores: is stored respectively using agricultural crop straw and the excrement of people and animals as organic fertilizer raw material to different material storage containers In;
(2) strain 1 activates: it will be added in the smashed agricultural crop straw particle of its 10 times of volumes at the strain of working of bucket, And water spray processing is carried out, the moisture content of adjustment mixing particle presses lightly on, Air Exposure, 3d is fermented after mixing evenly Female bacterium;
(3) material mixes: smashed agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta being added in material mixer, and hair is added thereto Saccharomycete is stirred mixing, obtains fermentation raw material;
(4) fermentation process: fermentation raw material is put into biofermentation storehouse, carries out material fermentation in case of continuous streaming, And Air Exposure periodically is carried out to fermentation materials;
(5) strain 2 activates: organic flora is diluted activation;
(6) secondary fermentation is handled: by the material investment secondary fermenting device after everfermentation, being sprayed profitable strain, is carried out secondary Fermentation;
(7) screening is granulated: will be granulated by the material of secondary fermentation, is obtained organic fertilizer particles, and to obtained organic fertilizer Particle is sieved, and organic fertilizer particles are divided into carse, medium and small three grades according to material particular diameter;
(8) packaging outward transport: the biological organic fertilizer particle after screening is packed respectively, and is transported outward.
Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of the invention, the moisture content of the adjustment mixing particle in the step (2) For 20%-25%.
Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of the invention, the temperature that the strain 1 in the step (2) activates is 26 DEG C ± 1℃。
Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of the invention, the step (2) look in strain of working specially tame High-quality composite bacteria.
Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process of the invention, the frequency of the Air Exposure in the step (4) is 1-2 times/ It.
Compared with prior art the invention has the benefit that treatment process of the invention is mainly good in aeration condition, Under conditions of oxygen is sufficient, the process that microorganism absorbs human and animal excreta, aoxidized and decomposed is added.Microorganism passes through certainly The vital movement of body a part of absorbed oxidation operation at simple inorganic matter, while releasing raw for microorganism The required energy of long activity, and another part organic matter is then synthesized new cytoplasm, makes the continuous growth and breeding of microorganism, generates More organisms out.And treatment process of the invention, which uses, is different from the traditional secondary zymotechnique studied at present both at home and abroad Composite bacteria agent and profitable strain are inoculated in different fermentation stages by novel secondary zymotechnique respectively.Fermentation makes multiple for the first time Combined bacteria group breeds rapidly, and cellulose, lignin, protein, starch in straw and human and animal excreta mixing windrow etc. is each Class is unfavorable for plant growth or the unavailable substance of plant, keeps its decomposed and be degraded into be easy to the nutrition that plant absorption utilizes Ingredient.First time fermentation process is also that windrow is innoxious, process of minimizing simultaneously.Second of fermentation access profitable strain, control Temperature processed is proliferated it largely.The viable count of beneficial bacterium in product is improved, soil fertility can be effectively increased by being applied to soil, and And this technique efficiently uses the wastes such as agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta, not only reduces the dirt of stalk and human and animal excreta to environment Dye, can also create economic benefit and social benefit.
When being applied to soil using soil organic fertilizer made from treatment process of the invention, have the advantage that
1, soil fertility can be promoted, a large amount of microbial bacteria group energy activating soils increase soil fertility, promote Zinc fractions good Crumb structure, increase soil permeability, promote well developed root system, stem is sturdy, and blade is plump, leaf color is dark green, and improve fertilizer conservation, Soil moisture conservation.
2, quality of agricultural product can be improved, pest and disease damage can be reduced, reduce Pesticide use amount, degradation soil pesticide, chemical fertilizer are residual It stays, reduces the accumulation of nitrate, increase agricultural product protein, sugar, vitamin equal size, increase substantially crop quality, make Vegetables, melon and fruit color delicate flavour beauty, quality are excellent, are nuisanceless and green agricultural product the preferred fertilizer of production.
3, plant disease-resistant ability can be enhanced, beneficial microbe colony can secrete plant growth-promoting substance and antibiotic, enhancing Disease resistance of plant is improved and is acted on the BIOLOGICAL CONTROL of soil-borne disease, improve anti-continuous cropping disease, anti-blight, verticillium wilt, root rot, The ability of the diseases such as root knot nematode disease.
4, adjustable soil acid-base equilibrium, chesson, the organic mass-energy of high activity effectively improve soil, abolish soil plate Knot improves soil water-retaining fertilizer performance, exempts to deep plough.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is processing technological flow figure of the invention.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the embodiment of the present invention is furthur described in detail.Following embodiment is used for Illustrate the present invention, but is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Embodiment
It is stored respectively using agricultural crop straw and the excrement of people and animals as organic fertilizer raw material into different material storage containers, it will be at bucket The high-quality composite bacteria specially tamed be added in the smashed agricultural crop straw particle of its 10 times of volumes, and spray water The moisture content of processing, adjustment mixing particle is 20%-25%, is pressed lightly on after mixing evenly, Air Exposure, is 26 DEG C in temperature 3d obtains hair saccharomycete at ± 1 DEG C, smashed agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta is added in material mixer, and thereto Hair saccharomycete is added, is stirred mixing, obtains fermentation raw material, and so that raw material is met aerobic fermentation condition and throw fermentation raw material Enter into biofermentation storehouse, carry out material fermentation in case of continuous streaming, and Air Exposure periodically is carried out to fermentation materials, The frequency of Air Exposure is 1-2 times/day, and fermentation cabin as used herein is that waste gathering storage and fermentation maturity are integrated Aerobic composting device is vertical structure, and material is able to achieve continuous flowing in this biofermentation storehouse, and lower part is furnished with discharging mechanism, stirs It mixes motor driven stirring main shaft and realizes that the stirring of material in storehouse can pass through stirring main shaft and stirring according to material needs daily Arm carries out aerobic aeration, to meet the needs of microorganism is to oxygen;Organic flora is diluted activation, it will be after everfermentation Material is put into secondary fermenting device, sprays profitable strain, is made its proliferation growth, is improved the viable count of the beneficial bacterium in product, into Row secondary fermentation will be granulated by the material of secondary fermentation, obtain organic fertilizer particles, and to obtained organic fertilizer particles into Organic fertilizer particles are divided into carse, medium and small three grades according to material particular diameter, by the biological organic fertilizer particle after screening by row screening It is packed, and is transported outward respectively.
Treatment process of the invention can add different types of microbial flora and be adjusted according to soil regime.
Treatment process of the invention is mainly good in aeration condition, under conditions of oxygen is sufficient, adds microorganism to people and animals The process that excrement is absorbed, aoxidized and decomposed.Microorganism is by itself vital movement, a part of absorbed organic Object is oxidized to simple inorganic matter, while releasing for energy needed for microorganism vegetative activity, and another part organic matter It is then synthesized new cytoplasm, makes the continuous growth and breeding of microorganism, produces more organisms.And treatment process of the invention Using being different from the novel secondary zymotechnique of traditional secondary zymotechnique studied at present both at home and abroad, by composite bacteria agent and beneficial Flora is inoculated in different fermentation stages respectively.Fermentation breeds composite flora rapidly for the first time, by straw and dung polluted water Just cellulose, lignin, protein, starch in mixing windrow etc. is all kinds of is unfavorable for plant growth or the unavailable object of plant Matter keeps its decomposed and is degraded into be easy to the nutritional ingredient that plant absorption utilizes.Simultaneously first time fermentation process be also windrow without Evilization, the process of minimizing.Second of fermentation access profitable strain, control temperature are proliferated it largely.It improves beneficial in product The viable count of bacterium, soil fertility can be effectively increased by being applied to soil, and this technique is by agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta etc. Waste effective use not only reduces the pollution of stalk and human and animal excreta to environment, can also create economic benefit and social benefit.
When being applied to soil using soil organic fertilizer made from treatment process of the invention, have the advantage that
1, soil fertility can be promoted.A large amount of microbial bacteria group energy activating soils increase soil fertility, promote Zinc fractions good Crumb structure, increase soil permeability, promote well developed root system, stem is sturdy, and blade is plump, leaf color is dark green, and improve fertilizer conservation, Soil moisture conservation.
2, quality of agricultural product can be improved.Pest and disease damage can be reduced, Pesticide use amount is reduced, degradation soil pesticide, chemical fertilizer are residual It stays, reduces the accumulation of nitrate, increase agricultural product protein, sugar, vitamin equal size, increase substantially crop quality, make Vegetables, melon and fruit color delicate flavour beauty, quality are excellent, are nuisanceless and green agricultural product the preferred fertilizer of production.
3, plant disease-resistant ability can be enhanced.Beneficial microbe colony can secrete plant growth-promoting substance and antibiotic, enhancing Disease resistance of plant is improved and is acted on the BIOLOGICAL CONTROL of soil-borne disease, improve anti-continuous cropping disease, anti-blight, verticillium wilt, root rot, The ability of the diseases such as root knot nematode disease.
4, adjustable soil acid-base equilibrium, chesson, the organic mass-energy of high activity effectively improve soil, abolish soil plate Knot improves soil water-retaining fertilizer performance, exempts to deep plough.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications can also be made Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process, which comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material stores: is stored respectively using agricultural crop straw and the excrement of people and animals as organic fertilizer raw material to different material storage containers In;
(2) strain 1 activates: it will be added in the smashed agricultural crop straw particle of its 10 times of volumes at the strain of working of bucket, And water spray processing is carried out, the moisture content of adjustment mixing particle presses lightly on, Air Exposure, 3d is fermented after mixing evenly Female bacterium;
(3) material mixes: smashed agricultural crop straw and human and animal excreta being added in material mixer, and hair is added thereto Saccharomycete is stirred mixing, obtains fermentation raw material;
(4) fermentation process: fermentation raw material is put into biofermentation storehouse, carries out material fermentation in case of continuous streaming, And Air Exposure periodically is carried out to fermentation materials;
(5) strain 2 activates: organic flora is diluted activation;
(6) secondary fermentation is handled: by the material investment secondary fermenting device after everfermentation, being sprayed profitable strain, is carried out secondary Fermentation;
(7) screening is granulated: will be granulated by the material of secondary fermentation, is obtained organic fertilizer particles, and to obtained organic fertilizer Particle is sieved, and organic fertilizer particles are divided into carse, medium and small three grades according to material particular diameter;
(8) packaging outward transport: the biological organic fertilizer particle after screening is packed respectively, and is transported outward.
2. geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjustment in the step (2) The moisture content for mixing particle is 20%-25%.
3. geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the strain 1 stated in step (2) swashs Temperature living is 26 DEG C ± 1 DEG C.
4. geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (2) look in it is dry Viable bacteria kind is the high-quality composite bacteria specially tamed.
5. geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the aeration in the step (4) The frequency of processing is 1-2 times/day.
CN201910081552.2A 2019-01-28 2019-01-28 Geobiont organic fertilizer treatment process Pending CN109851443A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101125770A (en) * 2007-07-05 2008-02-20 李海泉 Recuperating fertilizer for eliminating agronomic crop sequential cropping obstacle
CN104803723A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-07-29 新疆桦骏昌科技有限公司 Preparation process of ecological organic fertilizer
CN106396845A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-15 杨鹏飞 Biological organic silicon bacterial fertilizer capable of degrading heavy metals with high efficiency, and preparation method thereof
CN106518284A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer for dragon fruit planting and preparing method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101125770A (en) * 2007-07-05 2008-02-20 李海泉 Recuperating fertilizer for eliminating agronomic crop sequential cropping obstacle
CN104803723A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-07-29 新疆桦骏昌科技有限公司 Preparation process of ecological organic fertilizer
CN106396845A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-15 杨鹏飞 Biological organic silicon bacterial fertilizer capable of degrading heavy metals with high efficiency, and preparation method thereof
CN106518284A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer for dragon fruit planting and preparing method thereof

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Address after: Room 910, science and Technology International Education Exchange building, 66 North Third Ring West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100081

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Address before: Room 910, science and Technology International Education Exchange building, 66 North Third Ring West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100081

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