A kind of forging punching machine convenient for carrying out handling work to large-sized forging part
The present invention relates to punching machine technical field, specially a kind of forging convenient for carrying out handling work to large-sized forging part is rushed
Punching machine is a kind of big machinery process equipment, using the transmission between motor rotation and gear as major impetus, is made
Formed punch circulation moves up and down, and carries out punching press forging operation to the forge piece placed on work bench of punch press, answering in the industrial production
With very extensive, but there is following disadvantages in actual use for existing punching machine:
1. the punch stroke of punching machine determines the shift length of formed punch itself, the journey for being forged punching press of forge piece is determined
Degree, and the punch stroke of existing punching machine is all fixed and invariable, and does not have the structure of punch stroke adjusting, leads to the suitable of punching machine
It is poor with property；
2. needing staff to help forge piece manually, it is ensured that forge piece when carrying out the hammered work of large-sized forging part
Each designated position can be forged punching press well, manual operation is excessively troublesome, and the carrying back and forth of forge piece is inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of forging punching machines convenient for carrying out handling work to large-sized forging part, to solve
It proposes that the punch stroke of existing punching machine is all fixed and invariable in above-mentioned background technique, does not have the knot of punch stroke adjusting
Structure causes the applicability of punching machine poor；Dynamic operation is excessively troublesome, and forge piece carries inconvenient problem back and forth.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: it is a kind of convenient for large-sized forging part progress porter
The forging punching machine of work, including workbench, frame plate, motor and formed punch, the workbench are mounted on the top of device box, and work
The both sides of the upper end for making platform is respectively and fixedly provided with frame plate, and the motor is mounted on the top of frame plate, and motor and first turn
Axis is connected, and the second gear at the first gear of first rotating shaft end point and the second rotating shaft end head is meshed, while the
Driver plate is installed in two shafts, is connected between the driver plate by horizontal axis, and the rotation of the top of horizontal axis and adjusting rod connects
It connecing, and the bottom end of adjusting rod is rotatably installed in control block upper surface, the avris of the control block is equipped with slide bar, and slide bar
End point is slidably connected in sliding rail, and sliding rail is fixedly mounted on the inner surface of frame plate, and the formed punch is mounted on control block
Lower end surface, be rotatably equipped with control-rod in described device box, and the both ends of control-rod are vertically and fixedly provided with vertical bar, and vertical bar
Top be connected with plate for carrying, while the inside of plate for carrying is hinged with brace, and the upper surface of the workbench is equipped with back-up roller
Preferably, the lower end surface integration of the horizontal axis end point is connected with mounting plate, and fixed spiral shell is equipped on mounting plate
Bolt, fixing bolt and preformed hole are threadedly coupled, and preformed hole is provided with transmission plate surface at equal intervals.
Preferably, the back of the control block is connected with displacement bar by fixed link, and displacement bar vertical sliding motion is mounted on work
Make on platform, and the displacement bar bottom end being located inside device box is equipped with twist rod, twist rod is threadably mounted in driving member cylinder.
Preferably, the driving member cylinder bearing is mounted on the inside of device box, is vertical distribution, and pacify on driving member cylinder
Driving gear equipped with horizontal distribution.
Preferably, the control-rod is horizontal distribution, is slidably connected in device box, and control-rod and driving member cylinder are
The inner surface of vertical distribution, control-rod is connected by support rod with driving plate.
Preferably, the driving plate and control-rod are parallelly distribute on, and the inner wall of driving plate is welded with drive rack, and
Drive rack is meshed with driving gear.
Preferably, the section of the plate for carrying is in " C " font structure, is each provided with 1,2 in the two sides of workbench
Brace inclined direction in plate for carrying is consistent, and the vertical bar of plate for carrying bottom end is slidably connected on the guide bar, and guide rod level is solid
It is scheduled on the side surface of device box, and the top of the bottom wall inside plate for carrying and support ball is in same level.
Preferably, the upper surface of the brace is connected by spring with plate for carrying top inner wall, the bottom end installation of brace
There is wheel shaft, and be equipped on wheel shaft and be rotatably connected to pinch roller, the surface of pinch roller is angularly bonded with the briquetting of rubber material.
Preferably, the gradient of 2 slope surfaces is different on the briquetting, and the inner wall of the pinch roller two sides, which is fixed with, to be angularly distributed
Ratchet, ratchet and pawl fasten, and the tail end of pawl is rotatably installed in the inner wall of brace.
It compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: should be convenient for the forging to large-sized forging part progress handling work
Punching machine is made, by the redesign of existing punching machine structure, the stroke of formed punch is enable to be adjusted according to the process requirements of forge piece
It is whole, it is more adaptable, and can be certainly by control-rod and the isostructural use of plate for carrying using the displacement above and below formed punch itself
Dynamic carries out carrying movement to forge piece, it is ensured that the efficient progress of process operation；
1. the use of horizontal axis upper mounted plate and bolt, convenient for passing through the side that horizontal axis is mounted on to driver plate different location
Effective radius of gyration on adjusting rod top is adjusted in formula, to realize the purpose for adjusting formed punch upper and lower displacement stroke；
2. the isostructural use of displacement bar and twist rod at control block back, above and below through control block and formed punch
It is mobile, make driving member cylinder that driving gear be driven to rotate synchronously, and move back and forth control-rod under the action of engaged transmission, from
And plate for carrying is made to be in the shuttling movement state moved back and forth, the degree of automation is higher；
3. pinch roller and the isostructural use of ratchet pawl inside plate for carrying, when plate for carrying being enable to be moved to the left itself
It is slided on plate forge piece, then will drive forge piece synchronizing moving in work stage when moving right, it is ensured that plate can
In the case where manpower-free carries, the contact position of formed punch and plate is automatically adjusted, it is more reasonable to design.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is positive structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is side structure schematic view of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is side the schematic diagram of the section structure of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is driver plate side structure schematic view of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is apparatus of the present invention box normal cross-section structural schematic diagram；
Fig. 6 is control-rod overlooking structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is enlarged structure schematic diagram at A in Fig. 1 of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is section enlarged structure schematic diagram at B in Fig. 2 of the present invention.
In figure: 1, workbench；2, device box；3, frame plate；4, motor；5, first rotating shaft；6, first gear；7, second
Gear；8, the second shaft；9, driver plate；10, horizontal axis；101, mounting plate；102, fixing bolt；103, preformed hole；11, it adjusts
Bar；12, control block；121, fixed link；122, displacement bar；123, twist rod；124, driving member cylinder；125, gear is driven；13, sliding
Bar；14, sliding rail；15, formed punch；16, control-rod；161, support rod；162, driving plate；163, drive rack；17, vertical bar；18, it removes
Transport plate；19, guide rod；20, brace；201, spring；202, wheel shaft；203, pinch roller；204, briquetting；205, ratchet；206, pawl；
21, ball is supported.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1-8 is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of convenient for large-sized forging part progress handling work
Forge punching machine, including workbench 1, device box 2, frame plate 3, motor 4, first rotating shaft 5, first gear 6, second gear 7, the
Two shafts 8, horizontal axis 10, mounting plate 101, fixing bolt 102, preformed hole 103, adjusting rod 11, control block 12, are fixed driver plate 9
Bar 121, displacement bar 122, twist rod 123, driving member cylinder 124, driving gear 125, slide bar 13, sliding rail 14, formed punch 15, control-rod
16, support rod 161, driving plate 162, drive rack 163, vertical bar 17, plate for carrying 18, guide rod 19, brace 20, spring 201, wheel
Axis 202, pinch roller 203, briquetting 204, ratchet 205, pawl 206 and support ball 21, workbench 1 are mounted on the top of device box 2,
And both sides of the upper end of workbench 1 is respectively and fixedly provided with frame plate 3, motor 4 is mounted on the top of frame plate 3, and motor 4 and
One shaft 5 is connected, and the first gear 6 of 5 end point of first rotating shaft is mutually nibbled with the second gear 7 of 8 end point of the second shaft
It closes, while driver plate 9 being installed in second shaft 8, be connected between driver plate 9 by horizontal axis 10, and horizontal axis 10 and adjusting rod
11 top rotation connection, and the bottom end of adjusting rod 11 is rotatably installed in 12 upper surface of control block, the avris peace of control block 12
End point equipped with slide bar 13, and slide bar 13 is slidably connected in sliding rail 14, and sliding rail 14 is fixedly mounted on the interior of frame plate 3
Surface, formed punch 15 are mounted on the lower end surface of control block 12, and control-rod 16, and the two of control-rod 16 are rotatably equipped in device box 2
End is vertically and fixedly provided with vertical bar 17, and the top of vertical bar 17 is connected with plate for carrying 18, while the inside of plate for carrying 18 is hinged with
Brace 20, the upper surface of workbench 1 are equipped with support ball 21.
The lower end surface integration of 10 end point of horizontal axis is connected with mounting plate 101, is equipped with fixing bolt on mounting plate 101
102, fixing bolt 102 and preformed hole 103 are threadedly coupled, and preformed hole 103 is provided with 9 surface of driver plate at equal intervals, different
Plate forge piece have different requirements to the punching press length range of formed punch 15, can therefore before device integrally starts running
Horizontal axis 10 is removed from driver plate 9, mounting plate 101 is aligned to the preformed hole 103 of different location, reuses fixing bolt 102
Mounting plate 101 and horizontal axis 10 are fixed on the preformed hole 103 of designated position, therefore when motor 4 operates, driver plate 9 is same
Step rotation, and effective radius of gyration on 11 top of horizontal axis 10 and adjusting rod can then occur to change accordingly, to realize adjustment
The purpose of 15 stroke of formed punch.
The back of control block 12 is connected with displacement bar 122 by fixed link 121, and 122 vertical sliding motion of displacement bar is mounted on work
Make on platform 1, and 122 bottom end of displacement bar being located inside device box 2 is equipped with twist rod 123, twist rod 123 is threadably mounted at biography
In moving part cylinder 124,124 bearing of driving member cylinder is mounted on the inside of device box 2, is vertical distribution, and pacify on driving member cylinder 124
Driving gear 125 equipped with horizontal distribution, when control block 12 and formed punch 15 move up and down under the drive of adjusting rod 11, displacement
Bar 122 can be slided up and down in workbench 1 by 121 model- following control block 12 of fixed link, synchronization, and twist rod 123 also can be corresponding
It is moved up and down inside driving member cylinder 124, under the action of screw-driven, driving member cylinder 124 then can be accordingly in device box 2
It rotates synchronously, then drives drive gear 125 synchronous to carry out back rotation.
Control-rod 16 is horizontal distribution, is slidably connected in device box 2, and control-rod 16 and driving member cylinder 124 are vertical
The inner surface of straight distribution, control-rod 16 is connected by support rod 161 with driving plate 162, and driving plate 162 and control-rod 16 are flat
Row distribution, and the inner wall of driving plate 162 is welded with drive rack 163, and drive rack 163 is meshed with driving gear 125,
When driving gear 125 to be in rotary state, under the engaged transmission effect of driving gear 125 and drive rack 163, driving plate
162 can drive control-rod 16 to slidably reciprocate in device box 2 by support rod 161, and under the drive of vertical bar 17, two are removed
Synchronizing in 1 two sides of workbench of can also synchronizing of fortune plate 18 moves back and forth.
The section of plate for carrying 18 is in " C " font structure, is each provided with 1 in the two sides of workbench 1,2 plate for carrying 18
Interior 20 inclined direction of brace is consistent, and the vertical bar 17 of 18 bottom end of plate for carrying is slidably connected on guide rod 19,19 water of guide rod
The flat side surface for being fixed on device box 2, and the top of the bottom wall inside plate for carrying 18 and support ball 21 is in same level
On, the upper surface of brace 20 is connected by spring 201 with 18 top inner wall of plate for carrying, and the bottom end of brace 20 is equipped with wheel shaft
202, and be equipped on wheel shaft 202 and be rotatably connected to pinch roller 203, the surface of pinch roller 203 is angularly bonded with the pressure of rubber material
Block 204, the gradient of 2 slope surfaces is different on briquetting 204, and the inner wall of 203 two sides of pinch roller is fixed with the ratchet 205 being angularly distributed,
Ratchet 205 and pawl 206 fasten, and the tail end of pawl 206 is rotatably installed in the inner wall of brace 20, the use of guide rod 19,
It is to guarantee that vertical bar 17 and plate for carrying 18 are more stable in the process of moving, support ball 21 is then to ensure that plate is working
The carrying movement for supporting and not influencing plate for carrying 18 to plate can be stablized on platform 1, when control block 12 moves down simultaneously band
When dynamic formed punch 15 carries out punching press forging to plate, plate for carrying 18 can be moved to the left, and pinch roller 203 can normally surround wheel shaft at this time
202 rotations, therefore plate can't follow movement when plate for carrying 18 is moved to the left, when control block 12 moves up, plate for carrying
18 can move right, and under the snap-in function of ratchet 205 and pawl 206, pinch roller 203 can not be rotated, and in rubber press 204
Under the static friction effect of steep slope, pinch roller 203 and plate for carrying 18 will move right with plate forge piece, circuit sequentially, make
Formed punch 15 carries out the punching press forging operation of manpower-free's carrying to plate forge piece.
Working principle: different plate forge pieces has different requirements to the punching press length range of formed punch 15, therefore is filling
Before setting whole start running, horizontal axis 10 can be removed from driver plate 9, mounting plate 101 is aligned to the preformed hole of different location
103, it reuses fixing bolt 102 and mounting plate 101 and horizontal axis 10 is fixed on the preformed hole 103 of designated position, therefore when electricity
When motivation 4 operates, driver plate 9 is rotated synchronously, and phase can then occur for effective radius of gyration on 11 top of horizontal axis 10 and adjusting rod
One end of plate forge piece is passed through the carrying in left side to realize the purpose of adjustment 15 stroke of formed punch by the variation answered again later
Plate 18 makes its end point be located at the underface of formed punch 15, can start to forge punching operation；
When control block 12 and formed punch 15 move up and down under the drive of adjusting rod 11, displacement bar 122 can pass through fixed link
121 model- following control blocks 12, synchronization slide up and down in workbench 1, and twist rod 123 also can be accordingly inside driving member cylinder 124
It moves up and down, under the action of screw-driven, driving member cylinder 124 can then rotate synchronously in device box 2 accordingly, then drive
What driving gear 125 synchronized carrys out back rotation, when driving gear 125 is in rotary state, in driving gear 125 and drive rack
Under 163 engaged transmission effect, driving plate 162 can drive control-rod 16 to slidably reciprocate in device box 2 by support rod 161,
And under the drive of vertical bar 17, what two plate for carrying 18 can also synchronize synchronize in 1 two sides of workbench moves back and forth；
The use of guide rod 19 is the support in order to guarantee that vertical bar 17 and plate for carrying 18 are more stable in the process of moving
Ball 21 is then to ensure that plate can be stablized the carrying shifting for supporting and not influencing plate for carrying 18 to plate on workbench 1
Dynamic, when control block 12 moves down and formed punch 15 is driven to carry out punching press forging to plate, plate for carrying 18 can be moved to the left, at this time
Pinch roller 203 can be rotated normally around wheel shaft 202, therefore plate can't follow movement when plate for carrying 18 is moved to the left, and work as control
When clamp dog 12 moves up, plate for carrying 18 can move right, under the snap-in function of ratchet 205 and pawl 206,203 nothing of pinch roller
Method rotation, and under the effect of the static friction of 204 steep slope of rubber press, pinch roller 203 and plate for carrying 18 will be forged with plate
Forging piece moves right, and circuits sequentially, and during punching press, the initial right end of plate can gradually be moved to the plate for carrying 18 on right side
In, so that formed punch 15 is carried out the punching press forging operation of manpower-free's carrying to plate forge piece, after forging punching press closes on, right side
Plate for carrying 18 again can will be detached on the slave workbench 1 of plate gradually, to complete forging operation.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with
A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding
And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.