CN109823849A - One kind unfolding disk elevator and its control method - Google Patents

One kind unfolding disk elevator and its control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109823849A
CN109823849A CN201910280981.2A CN201910280981A CN109823849A CN 109823849 A CN109823849 A CN 109823849A CN 201910280981 A CN201910280981 A CN 201910280981A CN 109823849 A CN109823849 A CN 109823849A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chain
lifting
pallet
metal framework
elevator
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CN201910280981.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万由顺
卫江
杨华明
王勇
闫循斌
杨立家
金宏健
饶金海
武名虎
万英和
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Wuhan Yu Dahua Textile Clothing Group Co Ltd
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Wuhan Yu Dahua Textile Clothing Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Wuhan Yu Dahua Textile Clothing Group Co Ltd filed Critical Wuhan Yu Dahua Textile Clothing Group Co Ltd
Publication of CN109823849A publication Critical patent/CN109823849A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides one kind and unfolds disk elevator, including conveyer belt, metal framework, power device, lifting device, conveyer belt extend into the lower end of metal framework, metal framework is cuboid, upper end is equipped with power device, and power device is connected with lifting device, and lifting device is mounted on the left and right sides inside metal framework, lifting device includes lifting chain, and sprocket corresponding with tray bottom groove is provided on lifting chain.The present invention is designed for the superposition conveying that the sky of drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism expires cylinder pallet, have many advantages, such as that structure is simple, stable and reliable in work, pallet unfolds automation, has obtained extraordinary linking in the logistics conveyer system that drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism sky expires cylinder pallet.

Description

One kind unfolding disk elevator and its control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of logistics delivery equipment more particularly to one kind, to be exclusively used in cotton plant drawing frame pallet logistics defeated Line sending unfolds disk elevator and its control method.
Background technique
In the automation process of cotton spinning production, by realizing automatic processing as far as possible, to reduce cost, effect is improved Rate realizes whole control.In cotton plant, the cotton spinning in item bucket is attached to keg and carries out next step operation, item bucket by drawing frame A pallet can be placed when transporting on the conveyor line, below item bucket, gantry crane structure shifts empty cylinder, and will full cylinder It is placed on pallet, the storage management of pallet is a problem for needing to solve.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides one kind to unfold disk elevator and its control method, solves the superposition storage work of hollow bar barrel disk The problem of making and conveying pallet works for full cylinder, it is described that its technical solution is as follows:
One kind unfolding disk elevator, including conveyer belt, metal framework, power device, lifting device, conveyer belt extend into gold Belong to the lower end of frame, metal framework is cuboid, and upper end is equipped with power device, and power device is connected with lifting device, is mentioned It rises device and is mounted on the left and right sides inside metal framework, lifting device includes lifting chain, is provided with and holds in the palm on lifting chain The corresponding sprocket of pan bottom groove.
Power device includes driving motor, left drive chain, right drive chain, left rotary shaft, right spindle, the drive of driving motor Moving axis is connected by left drive chain with left rotary shaft, is connected by right drive chain with right spindle, on the inside of left drive chain Left rotary shaft is driven, reversing arrangement is provided at right drive chain keeps direction of improvement at left and right sides of lifting device identical, the commutation Device can make to drive right spindle on the outside of right drive chain.
The metal framework upper end is provided with mounting plate, and driving motor, left rotary shaft, right spindle are fixedly arranged at mounting plate On, driving motor is located in the middle part of mounting plate, and left rotary shaft is fixed on a mounting board by left shaft holder, and right spindle passes through right bearing seat It fixes on a mounting board.
Lifting device includes the shaft at four lifting chains and lifting chain both ends, the shaft installation of lifting chain upper end In power device, the shaft of lifting chain lower end is mounted on metal framework.
Four lifting chains include left front lifting chain, left back lifting chain, it is right before lifting chain, it is right after lifting chain, The front end of left rotary shaft is equipped with the left front chain wheel for driving left front lifting chain, and rear end is equipped with the left side for driving left back lifting chain Rear chain wheel, the front end of right spindle be equipped with driving it is right before lifting chain the right side before chain wheel, rear end be equipped with driving it is right after mention Rise the right rear chain wheel of chain.
The front and back end of metal framework is equipped with limitting casing, and the height of limitting casing is higher than height when pallet is placed on conveyer belt Degree, the height being placed on lower than item bucket above pallet.
The upper and lower ends of metal framework are equipped with sensor, for judging the storage state of the pallet in elevator.
Sensor uses infrared transmitter and corresponding infrared remote receiver.
A kind of control method unfolding disk elevator, including the following steps:
(1) judge to pass through with the presence or absence of pallet there are when pallet in elevator by the sensor of 8 lower end of metal framework The sensor of 8 upper end of metal framework judges whether pallet stores the maximum limit value for reaching storage;
(2) when pallet reaches the maximum limit value of storage, the order of output pallet is only carried out;
(3) when pallet does not reach the maximum limit value of storage, storage or output are executed according to the signal of control device The order of pallet.Control device uses PC machine, single-chip microcontroller or other data processing chips.
Further, driving motor uses stepper motor.
Existing drawing frame pallet logistics transhipment conveying equipment is not quite similar in the present invention and cotton plant, this unfolds disk and mentions Rise machine be exclusively for drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism sky expire cylinder pallet superposition conveying and design, have structure simply, The advantages that stable and reliable in work, pallet unfolds automation expires the logistics delivery of cylinder pallet in drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism sky Extraordinary linking has been obtained in system.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view for unfolding disk elevator;
Fig. 2 is the top view for unfolding disk elevator;
Fig. 3 is the front view for unfolding disk elevator;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of pallet and lifting chain cooperation;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram for unfolding the storage tray of disk elevator;
Fig. 6 is the use state diagram for unfolding disk elevator;
Fig. 7 is infrared schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
The present invention provides one kind to unfold disk elevator and its control method, is exclusively used in the conveying of cotton plant drawing frame pallet Line is superimposed storage tray and disassembly output pallet.It can be realized the superposition of hollow bar barrel disk in conjunction with drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism Store work and convey pallet works for full cylinder, and the structure it is simple, using reliable and stable, transported in drawing frame pallet logistics The superposition conveying operation that pallet is carried out in system is very useful.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, the disk elevator that unfolds includes metal framework 8, power device, lifting device 4, limit Frame 10, metal framework 8 are cuboid, and the upper end of the metal framework 8 is equipped with power device, power device and lifting device 4 It is connected, lifting device 4 is mounted on the left and right sides inside metal framework 8, and the front and back end of metal framework 8 is equipped with limitting casing 10。
The power device includes driving motor 1, left drive chain 2, right drive chain 3, left rotary shaft 11, right spindle 21, 8 upper end of metal framework is provided with mounting plate, and driving motor 1, left rotary shaft 11, right spindle 21 are fixedly arranged at mounting plate On, driving motor 1 is located in the middle part of mounting plate, and drive shaft is connected by left drive chain 2 with left rotary shaft 11, left drive chain 2 be direct drive left rotary shaft 11.The drive shaft of driving motor 1 is connected by right drive chain 3 with right spindle 21.In order to guarantee The consistency of direction of improvement, is provided with reversing arrangement at right drive chain 3, and reversing arrangement uses two reversing chain wheels 9, makes It obtains right spindle 21 and is located at right 3 lower part of drive chain, after the inside of right drive chain 3 drives the reversing chain wheel of the rightmost side, outside Right spindle 21 is driven, using the reversing chain wheel in left side.In this way, changing right drive chain using 2 groups of reversing chain wheels in right end The direction of rotation of item 3 guarantees the both sides Synchronous lifting of driving motor 1.
Left rotary shaft 11 is fixed on a mounting board by left shaft holder, and right spindle 21 is fixed on mounting plate by right bearing seat On.In this way, left rotary shaft 11, right spindle 21 is made to be able to drive lifting device 4.
The lifting device 4 includes four lifting chains, respectively left front lifting chain 14, left back lifting chain 16, the right side Lifting chain 26 behind preceding lifting chain 24, the right side.The front and back of left rotary shaft 11 is separately installed with chain wheel 12,13, the chain wheel of front 12 are connected with left front lifting chain 14, for driving left front lifting chain 14 to rotate, subsequent chain wheel 13 and left back promotion Chain 16 is connected, for driving left back lifting chain 16 to rotate;The front and back of right spindle 21 is separately installed with chain wheel 22,23, The chain wheel 22 of front is connected with lifting chain 24 before the right side, for driving lifting chain 24 before the right side to rotate, subsequent chain wheel 23 are connected with lifting chain 26 behind the right side, for driving lifting chain 26 behind the right side to rotate.
Rear and front end is respectively arranged with chain wheel, the chain of corresponding 11 rear and front end of left rotary shaft on the left of 8 lower end of metal framework Item wheel is respectively used to install left front lifting chain 14, left back lifting chain 16;Rear and front end is set on the right side of 8 lower end of metal framework Be equipped with chain wheel, the chain wheel of corresponding 21 rear and front end of right spindle, be respectively used to installation it is right before lifting chain 24, it is right after promote chain Item 26.
As it can be seen that the present invention drives by using coaxial-type, guarantee the promotion synchronism of 4 left and right ends of lifting device.
It is provided with sprocket on lifting chain, specifically, left front promotion sprocket is provided on left front lifting chain 14 15, it is provided with left back promotion sprocket 17 on left back lifting chain 16, promotes chain before being provided with the right side on lifting chain 24 before the right side Tooth 25 promotes sprocket 27 after being provided with the right side on lifting chain 26 behind the right side.
It is in rectangle, four angles of rectangle are fillet setting, in the upper surface of pallet for placing for pallet 7 Item bucket, the left and right ends of pallet are each provided with twice groove, the sprocket on corresponding four lifting chains.In this way, lifting device energy Enough pallets 7 that will be sequentially entered are held up upwards, are stored, similarly, pallet 7 can be put on conveyer belt 6, and pallet is removed, Until the pallet in elevator all empties.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, conveyer belt 6 is extend into inside metal framework 8, and the limitting casing 10 being arranged by front end acts on, only Pallet can be allowed to enter, and refuse the entrance of item bucket 5, item bucket is shifted by gantry crane structure.
Driving motor 1 uses stepper motor, is promoted every time or decline all sets same distance, when being promoted, can passed through Sprocket snaps at the groove 30 of pallet, by tray lift;Come in next pallet when, promoted again.Decline also using it is identical away from From so that pallet can be placed on conveyer belt 6.
This unfolds disk machine combination drawing frame gantry-type lifting mechanism, can be realized hollow bar barrel disk superposition storage work and Pallet works are conveyed for full cylinder.
In order to control the quantity of pallet, it is fitted with sensor in the upper and lower ends of metal framework 8, sensor is using infrared Transmitter and infrared remote receiver engaged therewith have blocked upper end infrared transmitter 41 when pallet rises to certain altitude, on When the infrared remote receiver 42 at end cannot receive the signal of infrared transmitter 41, then driving motor 1 is out of service, no longer storage support Disk, driving motor starts to invert later, operation output pallet.Similarly, when pallet exports, the infrared hair of lower end is no longer influenced When emitter 43, when the infrared remote receiver 44 in lower end can receive the signal of infrared transmitter 43, then driving motor starts to rotate forward, Storage tray can be operated.The schematic diagram of infrared transmitter and infrared remote receiver is as shown in Figure 7.Infrared remote receiver passes through control dress It sets and is connected to driving motor, control device can be realized using single-chip microcontroller.
The corresponding control method for unfolding disk elevator, comprising the following steps:
(1) judge to pass through with the presence or absence of pallet there are when pallet in elevator by the sensor of 8 lower end of metal framework The sensor of 8 upper end of metal framework judges whether pallet stores the maximum limit value for reaching storage;
(2) when pallet reaches the maximum limit value of storage, the order of output pallet is only carried out;
(3) when pallet does not reach the maximum limit value of storage, storage or output are executed according to the signal of control device The order of pallet.
Further, driving motor uses stepper motor, every time when rotation, controls the distance that pallet rises or falls.
In use, after gantry crane structure takes empty cylinder away, pallet, which is transported to, to be unfolded Pan Jichu and is raised storage; When gantry crane structure sends full cylinder, disk chance output pallet is unfolded as full cylinder, carrier is provided.This unfolds disk machine in cotton spinning Workshop drawing frame pallet pipeline, which is superimposed in storage tray and disassembly output pallet works, has extraordinary application.

Claims (10)

1. one kind unfolds disk elevator, it is characterised in that: including conveyer belt, metal framework, power device, lifting device, conveying Band extend into the lower end of metal framework, and metal framework is cuboid, and upper end is equipped with power device, power device and lifting device It is connected, lifting device is mounted on the left and right sides inside metal framework, and lifting device includes lifting chain, sets on lifting chain It is equipped with sprocket corresponding with tray bottom groove.
2. according to claim 1 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: power device includes driving motor, left driving The drive shaft of chain, right drive chain, left rotary shaft, right spindle, driving motor is connected by left drive chain with left rotary shaft, is led to It crosses right drive chain to be connected with right spindle, left rotary shaft is driven on the inside of left drive chain, commutation dress is provided at right drive chain Setting keeps direction of improvement at left and right sides of lifting device identical, and the reversing arrangement can make to drive right spindle on the outside of right drive chain.
3. according to claim 2 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: the metal framework upper end is provided with installation Plate, driving motor, left rotary shaft, right spindle are fixedly arranged on mounting plate, and driving motor is located in the middle part of mounting plate, and left rotary shaft is logical It is fixed on a mounting board to cross left shaft holder, right spindle is fixed on a mounting board by right bearing seat.
4. according to claim 2 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: lifting device include four lifting chains and The shaft of the shaft at lifting chain both ends, lifting chain upper end is mounted in power device, the shaft installation of lifting chain lower end On metal framework.
5. according to claim 4 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: four lifting chains include left front promotion chain Lifting chain behind lifting chain, the right side, the front end of left rotary shaft are equipped with the left front lifting chain of driving before item, left back lifting chain, the right side Left front chain wheel, rear end is equipped with the left back chain wheel for driving left back lifting chain, and it is right that the front end of right spindle is equipped with driving Chain wheel before the right side of preceding lifting chain, rear end are equipped with the right rear chain wheel of lifting chain behind the driving right side.
6. according to claim 1 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: the front and back end of metal framework is equipped with limit Frame, the height of limitting casing are higher than height when pallet is placed on conveyer belt, the height being placed on above pallet lower than item bucket.
7. according to claim 1 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: the upper and lower ends of metal framework are equipped with sensing Device, for judging the storage state of the pallet in elevator.
8. according to claim 7 unfold disk elevator, it is characterised in that: sensor is using infrared transmitter and right with it The infrared remote receiver answered.
9. a kind of control method for unfolding disk elevator, including the following steps:
(1) judge to pass through metal there are when pallet with the presence or absence of pallet in elevator by the sensor of 8 lower end of metal framework The sensor of 8 upper end of frame judges whether pallet stores the maximum limit value for reaching storage;
(2) when pallet reaches the maximum limit value of storage, the order of output pallet is only carried out;
(3) when pallet does not reach the maximum limit value of storage, storage or output pallet are executed according to the signal of control device Order.
10. the control method according to claim 9 for unfolding disk elevator, it is characterised in that: driving motor uses stepping Motor.
CN201910280981.2A 2019-03-08 2019-04-09 One kind unfolding disk elevator and its control method Pending CN109823849A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910176295 2019-03-08
CN201920300686 2019-03-08
CN2019101762950 2019-03-08
CN2019203006864 2019-03-08

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CN201920473659.7U Active CN210236445U (en) 2019-03-08 2019-04-09 Lifting machine with foldable disc

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110626805A (en) * 2019-09-17 2019-12-31 华南农业大学 Conveying chain type seedling raising plug tray stacking device and method
CN110920713A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-03-27 中山市晨旭科技有限公司 Logistics vehicle
CN110937412A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-03-31 浙江运畅智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional clamping and holding stacking tray machine
CN111557236A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-21 山东金瓢食品机械股份有限公司 Kelp seedling clamping machine and method
CN114701685A (en) * 2022-05-06 2022-07-05 鲁东大学 Receive egg utensils automatic cartoning device
EP4253269A1 (en) * 2022-03-29 2023-10-04 Deutsche Post AG Pallet transport means

Families Citing this family (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109823849A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-05-31 武汉裕大华纺织服装集团有限公司 One kind unfolding disk elevator and its control method

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CN108045967A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-18 合肥中鼎信息科技股份有限公司 Frame type pallet disc stack machine
CN108382857A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-08-10 中建材轻工业自动化研究所有限公司 A kind of chain type vertical continuous elevator for plate glass
CN207986207U (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-10-19 广州宁基智能系统有限公司 A kind of mechanical palette fork tears disk machine open
CN210236445U (en) * 2019-03-08 2020-04-03 武汉裕大华纺织服装集团有限公司 Lifting machine with foldable disc

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JPS5757119A (en) * 1980-09-19 1982-04-06 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Pallet direction change device
CN202201412U (en) * 2011-08-09 2012-04-25 山东矿机迈科建材机械有限公司 Tray temporary storage device
CN106081638A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-09 广西力源宝科技有限公司 Fermentation pallet low level piling/destacking apparatus and method
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CN108382857A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-08-10 中建材轻工业自动化研究所有限公司 A kind of chain type vertical continuous elevator for plate glass
CN207986207U (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-10-19 广州宁基智能系统有限公司 A kind of mechanical palette fork tears disk machine open
CN210236445U (en) * 2019-03-08 2020-04-03 武汉裕大华纺织服装集团有限公司 Lifting machine with foldable disc

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110626805A (en) * 2019-09-17 2019-12-31 华南农业大学 Conveying chain type seedling raising plug tray stacking device and method
CN110937412A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-03-31 浙江运畅智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional clamping and holding stacking tray machine
CN110937412B (en) * 2019-11-20 2021-07-09 浙江运畅智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional clamping and holding stacking tray machine
CN110920713A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-03-27 中山市晨旭科技有限公司 Logistics vehicle
CN111557236A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-21 山东金瓢食品机械股份有限公司 Kelp seedling clamping machine and method
EP4253269A1 (en) * 2022-03-29 2023-10-04 Deutsche Post AG Pallet transport means
CN114701685A (en) * 2022-05-06 2022-07-05 鲁东大学 Receive egg utensils automatic cartoning device

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