CN109807069B - Intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment - Google Patents

Intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109807069B
CN109807069B CN201910067055.7A CN201910067055A CN109807069B CN 109807069 B CN109807069 B CN 109807069B CN 201910067055 A CN201910067055 A CN 201910067055A CN 109807069 B CN109807069 B CN 109807069B
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plate
groove
sorting
visual identification
block
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CN109807069A (en
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祝捷
朱虹
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Fuzhou College of Foreign Studies and Trade
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Fuzhou College of Foreign Studies and Trade
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Abstract

The invention discloses intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment which comprises a sorting and transporting flat table and a groove, wherein the groove is formed in the end surface of the top of the sorting and transporting flat table and is provided with an upward opening, a conveying belt conveying mechanism is arranged in the groove and comprises a driven shaft, the rear end of the driven shaft is connected with the driven shaft in a rotating fit mode and extends left and right in the groove, the left end of the driven shaft at the rear end penetrates through and extends out of the left end of the sorting and transporting flat table and is provided with a first belt wheel, a variable-speed manual automatic dual-phase power machine body in power connection with the conveying belt conveying mechanism is arranged on the end surface of the rear end of the sorting and transporting flat table, and symmetrical guide sliding slopes are arranged on the left end surface and the right end surface of the sorting and transporting flat table; the invention has simple structure, convenient operation, convenient movement and transportation, comprehensive sorting function and accurate information processing.

Description

Intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of logistics sorting equipment, in particular to intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment.
Background
With the development of science, the logistics information amount at home and abroad is very large at present, and as the information amount of logistics packages is very large and the information including regions, types, weights and the like are different, corresponding sorting processing needs to be carried out at a sorting station, however, the existing sorting equipment has a large equipment size and a fixed integral mode, and the sorting needs to reach a fixed place, which brings great inconvenience to the sorting, meanwhile, the general sorting equipment only has single transport type sorting and only plays a role in transportation, the information and the weight of the packages are not acquired by specific vision, so that the sorting work is still in the primary stage, the manual sorting is needed subsequently, the time and the labor are wasted, also, because of the numerous parcels required and their careful handling, unadjustable transport speeds and the presence of receiving equipment can lead to damage to the parcels, but the device set forth in the present invention solves this problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment which can solve the problems in the prior art.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the invention relates to an intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening device which comprises a sorting and transporting flat table and a groove, wherein the groove is formed in the end surface of the top of the sorting and transporting flat table and provided with an upward opening, a conveyor belt conveying mechanism is arranged in the groove and comprises a driven shaft, the rear end of the driven shaft is connected with the driven shaft in a rotating fit mode and extends left and right in the groove, the left end of the driven shaft at the rear end penetrates through and extends out of the left end of the sorting and transporting flat table and is provided with a first belt wheel, the end surface of the rear end of the sorting and transporting flat table is provided with a variable speed manual and automatic dual-phase power machine body in power connection with the conveyor belt conveying mechanism, the left end surface and the right end surface of the sorting and transporting flat table are provided with symmetrical guide sliding slopes, a plurality of weighing mechanisms are arranged on the guide sliding slopes at equal intervals from front to back, and material receiving boxes corresponding to the weighing mechanisms are arranged on the left end surface and the right end surface of the sorting and the transporting flat table, the automatic material receiving and conveying device is characterized in that vertical support rods which extend up and down and are symmetrical front and back are fixedly installed on the end face of the top of the material receiving box, the tail ends of the tops of the vertical support rods are fixedly connected with horizontal support plates which are symmetrical left and right, the horizontal support plates are close to the end of the sorting and conveying flat table and are provided with intelligent visual identification driving material stirring machine bodies positioned at the tops of the conveyor belt conveying mechanisms, stirring transmission cavities are installed in the intelligent visual identification driving material stirring machine bodies, elastic resetting material stirring plate mechanisms which are in one-to-one correspondence with the weighing mechanisms are installed at the bottoms of the stirring transmission cavities, the elastic resetting material stirring plate mechanisms are positioned at the centers of the tops of the conveyor belt conveying mechanisms, intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanisms which are in power connection with the elastic resetting material stirring mechanisms are further arranged in the intelligent visual identification driving material stirring machine bodies, and universal wheel supporting mechanisms which are distributed at four corners are arranged at the bottoms of the sorting and conveying flat table, the universal wheel supporting mechanism comprises supporting legs fixedly installed on the end face of the bottom of the sorting and transporting flat table in a four-corner distribution mode, and universal wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the supporting legs.
Specifically, conveyer belt conveying mechanism includes that normal running fit installs symmetrical driven shaft around in the recess, be equipped with the cylinder on the driven shaft, two power connection has bilateral symmetry's conveyor belt between the cylinder to the quick steady transportation of the commodity circulation parcel of being convenient for.
Specifically, the manual automatic double-phase power organism of variable speed includes setting up the variable speed chamber in its inside, the running fit is connected with the driven shaft that extends about in the variable speed chamber, the driven shaft left end stretches out outside the manual automatic double-phase power organism left end terminal surface of variable speed and is equipped with the second band pulley, power connection has the belt between first band pulley and the second band pulley, install on the driven shaft and be located a plurality of change gears of variable speed intracavity equidistance distribution, the diameter size of each change gear reduces from left side and right side in proper order, variable speed chamber bottom is equipped with backward opening, sliding fit is connected with and is located the position supplementing slider in the opening in the variable speed chamber, position supplementing slider bottom power is connected with the impeller, the impeller surface inlays to be established in the inner wall of variable speed chamber bottom and fixed connection with it, position supplementing slider top is installed the centre gripping left board, the top of the position supplementing slide block is provided with a clamping right plate positioned at the right end of the clamping left plate, a clutch cavity is arranged in the clamping right plate, the section of the top of the position supplementing slide block is provided with a switching displacement groove with an upward opening, a guide block is slidably arranged in the switching displacement groove, the guide block is in thread fit connection with a threaded rod extending leftwards and rightwards, the tail end of the right end of the threaded rod is in power connection with a first motor, a driving shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is in rotation fit connection between the clamping left plate and the clamping right plate, the left end of the driving shaft is in power connection with a second motor arranged in the clamping left plate, the right end of the driving shaft extends into the clutch cavity and is provided with a first clutch component, the inner wall of the right end of the clutch cavity is in rotation fit connection with a rotating shaft extending leftwards and rightwards, one end of the rotating shaft extends into the clutch cavity and is provided with a second clutch component in power connection with the first clutch component, the other end of the rotating shaft is provided with a grip crank combined component, a driving gear which is used for being in meshed connection with the speed change gear is sleeved on the driving shaft, a cylinder is connected to the end face of the right end of the driving gear in a rotating fit mode, a connecting plate is connected to the cylinder in a rotating fit mode, and the bottom of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the guide sliding block, so that effective conveying speed change is facilitated, and effective control of conveying quality is facilitated.
Preferably, the first clutch component comprises a disc arranged at the right end of the driving shaft, a first hexagonal groove with a right opening is formed in the disc, a hexagonal connecting block is slidably mounted in the first hexagonal groove, a first jacking spring is mounted at the left end of the hexagonal connecting block in a jacking mode, and a hinge ball is hinged to the end face of the right end of the hexagonal connecting block, so that clutch opening and closing are facilitated.
Preferably, the second clutch member comprises a disk fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft for movement, and a second hexagonal groove having a left opening and adapted to be clamped with the hexagonal connecting block is formed in the disk, so as to facilitate connection of the first clutch member.
Preferably, the grip handle assembly includes a handle fixedly installed at the other end of the rotation shaft, an interlayer cavity is arranged in the crank handle transverse handle, the interlayer cavity is internally provided with sliding chutes which are symmetrical up and down, an upper symmetrical fixed shaft and a lower symmetrical fixed shaft are rotatably arranged in the interlayer cavity, a grip handle extending out of the interlayer cavity is fixedly connected to the fixed shaft, a second jacking spring is jacked between the grip handle and the interlayer cavity, a toggle gear positioned at the front end of the grip handle is arranged on the fixed shaft, the sliding chute is connected with an expansion block in a sliding fit manner, the crank and the rotating shaft are connected with a rope in a sliding manner, rope one end with articulated ball fixed connection, the rope other end stretches into the intermediate layer intracavity and encircles two the expansion block, the end with intermediate layer intracavity wall fixed connection to be convenient for the automatic manual connection of device.
Preferably, the weighing mechanism comprises an inserting plug groove with an upward opening in the material guide landslide, a material receiving block is connected in the inserting plug groove in a sliding mode, and a weight detector is electrically connected to the bottom of the material receiving block, so that the weight of the logistics packages can be conveniently detected in real time.
Specifically, connect the workbin in and be equipped with the ascending material chamber that connects, connect material intracavity sliding fit to be connected with the buffer board, third roof pressure spring is installed to buffer board bottom roof pressure ground to prevent that the article from damaging.
Preferably, the elastic reset material shifting plate mechanism comprises a rotating shaft which is rotatably installed in the wall body at the bottom of the shifting transmission cavity, the bottom of the rotating shaft penetrates through the end face of the bottom of the intelligent visual identification driving material shifting machine body and is fixedly connected with a material shifting plate, a cylindrical head is installed at the top of the rotating shaft, a connecting plate is fixedly connected with the left end of the cylindrical head, a clamping rod which extends up and down is connected in a rotating fit mode in the connecting plate, a hexagonal head is arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the clamping rod, and a torsion spring which is located at the bottom of the cylindrical head is elastically installed on the rotating shaft, so that the material shifting plate can be conveniently and automatically shifted to wrap the left and the right.
Specifically, the intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism comprises a shifting groove which is communicated with the inner wall of the left end of the shifting transmission cavity, a carrying block is connected in a sliding fit manner in the shifting groove, a threaded rod which extends forwards and backwards is connected in a threaded fit manner in the carrying block, a third motor is connected at the tail end of the rear end of the threaded rod in a power-driven manner, a pushing groove which is provided with a right opening and corresponds to the rotating shaft is arranged in the carrying block, a sliding block is arranged in the pushing groove in a sliding manner, a pusher is connected at the tail end of the left end of the sliding block in a power-driven manner, clamping plates which are symmetrical up and down are fixedly connected at the tail end of the right end of the sliding block, a clamping groove for butt joint with the hexagonal head is arranged at the right end of the clamping plate, a processor which corresponds to the rotating shaft one by one is arranged in the bottom end face of the intelligent visual identification driving shifting machine body, and a camera identification head is electrically connected to the bottom of the processor, thereby facilitating automatic starting of the device and corresponding direction shifting.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: when the device is in an initial state, the carrying moving block is located in the middle of the shifting groove, the pushing groove is located at the left end of the rotating shaft, the sliding block is completely located in the pushing groove, at the moment, the connecting plate is in a horizontal state, the shifting plate is in a front-back parallel state, the guide sliding block is located at the rightmost end of the switching shifting groove, at the moment, the driving gear is in meshed connection with the speed change gear with the minimum diameter, and the first clutch component is separated from the second clutch component, so that the device is convenient to maintain.
When the machine needs to work, the logistics parcels needing to be sorted are placed on the conveying belt, then the machine is automatically adjusted to the designated conveying speed, the first motor is started to drive the threaded rod to rotate, the driving gear is enabled to freely move until the driving gear is meshed with the proper speed change gear, meanwhile, the pusher synchronously carries out position supplementing work, the speed change gear is enabled to be tightly meshed with the driving gear, then the second motor is started to drive the driving shaft to rotate, driving can be achieved, stable conveying of the conveying belt can be achieved through the action of the first belt wheel, the belt and the second belt wheel, when the machine automatically breaks down and the parcels need to be manually conveyed or carefully protected, the transverse handle is held by hands, so that the holding handles are mutually close to drive the shifting gear to rotate, the two expansion blocks are deviated from each other to work, so that the rope is tensioned, the hexagonal connecting block is pulled out from the first hexagonal groove and clamped with the second hexagonal groove, at the moment, the driving shaft is driven to rotate through the crank, so that packages are transported, in the process, the camera identification head continuously scans the packages passing on the conveying belt, if the packages meet and correspond to the information of the position, the processor transmits information to the third motor and the pusher, the pusher firstly withdraws from the sliding block to enable the clamping plate to extend until the clamping groove is in butt joint with the hexagonal head, then the third motor drives the carrier block to rotate towards the direction required by corresponding sorting, then the shifting plate rotates to strip the passing packages from the conveying line, and the packages are weighed when passing through the weighing mechanism, then enter into in the material receiving box and because the effect of buffer board can play certain guard action to promote device letter sorting effect and information input comprehensiveness.
When sorting and packaging are carried out, when sorting of sorted pieces is finished, the pusher recovers the sliding block to enter the pushing groove, the third motor drives the carrying block to recover the initial position, and then the shifting plate recovers the initial position under the action of the torsion spring, so that the sorting efficiency and the practicability are improved.
The automatic conveying device is simple in structure and convenient to operate, the automatic conveying power end is provided with the speed-changing manual automatic double-phase power machine body, the first clutch component, the second clutch component and the grip crank combined component are adopted, the conveying speed and the conveying speed under different conditions are achieved, the working stability is improved, the object protection performance is improved, the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are achieved, the elastic reset material shifting plate mechanism and the intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism are adopted for effectively sorting packages with various complex information, the sorting richness is improved, the material receiving box is arranged for effectively receiving the sorted objects, the package protection performance is improved, the using performance is higher, the moving is convenient, the occupied area is small, and the using operation environment is more.
Drawings
For ease of illustration, the invention is described in detail by the following specific examples and figures.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal overall structure of an intelligent visual identification logistics package screening device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the intelligent visual recognition drive material stirring machine body of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic left-view structural diagram of an intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the dual-phase power machine of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the right clamping plate of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the present invention is explained in detail, and for convenience of description, the following orientations are defined as follows: the following up-down, left-right, front-back direction is consistent with the up-down, left-right, front-back direction of the projection relation of the sorting and transporting flat table 100 per se, the intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment comprises a sorting and transporting flat table 100 and a groove 101 arranged in the top end surface of the sorting and transporting flat table 100 and provided with an upward opening, a conveyor belt conveying mechanism is arranged in the groove 101, the conveyor belt conveying mechanism comprises a driven shaft 106 which is connected with the rear end in a rotating fit mode and extends left and right in the groove 101, the left end of the driven shaft 106 at the rear end penetrates through and extends out of the left end of the sorting and transporting flat table 100 and is provided with a first belt pulley 105, the end surface at the rear end of the sorting and transporting flat table 100 is provided with a variable-speed manual automatic dual-phase power machine body 158 which is in power connection with the conveyor belt conveying mechanism, and symmetrical guide sliding slopes 104 are arranged on the left and right end surfaces of the sorting and transporting flat table 100, a plurality of weighing mechanisms are arranged on the guide landslide 104 and are distributed from front to back at equal intervals, a material receiving box 115 corresponding to the weighing mechanisms is arranged on the left end face and the right end face of the sorting and transporting flat table 100, vertical support rods 116 which extend up and down and are symmetrical front and back are fixedly arranged on the top end face of the material receiving box 115, horizontal support plates 117 which are symmetrical left and right are fixedly connected to the tail ends of the tops of the vertical support rods 116, intelligent visual identification driving and material stirring bodies 118 which are positioned at the tops of the conveyor belt conveying mechanisms are arranged at the ends of the horizontal support plates 117, stirring transmission cavities 130 are arranged in the intelligent visual identification driving and material stirring bodies 118, elastic reset material stirring plate mechanisms which are in one-to-one correspondence with the weighing mechanisms are arranged at the bottoms of the stirring transmission cavities 130, and the elastic reset material stirring plate mechanisms are positioned at the centers of the tops of the conveyor belt conveying mechanisms, still include in the intelligent vision recognition drive kickoff organism 118 with the intelligent vision recognition separation and reunion actuating mechanism that material mechanism power is connected is dialled in the elasticity resets, the universal wheel supporting mechanism that the four corners distributes is equipped with to letter sorting transportation pallet 100 bottom, universal wheel supporting mechanism is including installing fixedly the supporting leg 110 that the four corners distributes on the terminal surface of letter sorting transportation pallet 100 bottom, the supporting leg 110 bottom is equipped with universal wheel 111.
Advantageously, the conveyor belt conveying mechanism comprises a front and back symmetrical driven shaft 106 which is installed in the groove 101 in a rotating fit mode, the driven shaft 106 is provided with rollers 103, and a bilateral symmetrical conveying belt 102 is connected between the two rollers 103 in a power mode, so that quick and stable conveying of logistics packages is facilitated.
Beneficially, the manual-automatic dual-phase power machine body comprises a speed changing cavity 161 arranged inside the manual-automatic dual-phase power machine body, a driven shaft 159 extending left and right is connected in the speed changing cavity 161 in a rotationally matched manner, the left end of the driven shaft 159 extends out of the end face of the left end of the manual-automatic dual-phase power machine body and is provided with a second belt pulley 160, a belt 157 is connected between the first belt pulley 105 and the second belt pulley 160 in a power manner, a plurality of speed changing gears 162 which are located in the speed changing cavity 161 and are distributed at equal intervals are mounted on the driven shaft 159, the diameters of the speed changing gears 162 are sequentially reduced from left to right, a backward opening 168 is arranged at the bottom of the speed changing cavity 161, a position supplementing slider 173 located in the opening 168 is connected in a sliding manner in the speed changing cavity 161 in a rotationally matched manner, a pusher 172 is connected at the bottom of the position supplementing slider 173 in a power manner, and the outer surface of the pusher 172 is embedded in and fixedly connected with the inner wall at the bottom of the speed changing cavity 161, the clamping mechanism is characterized in that a clamping left plate 175 is installed at the top of the position supplementing sliding block 173, a clamping right plate 163 located at the right end of the clamping left plate 175 is installed at the top of the position supplementing sliding block 173, a clutch cavity 176 is arranged in the clamping right plate 163, a switching shifting groove 171 with an upward opening is formed in the section of the top of the position supplementing sliding block 173, a guide sliding block 169 is installed in the switching shifting groove 171 in a sliding manner, a threaded rod 170 extending leftwards and rightwards is connected with the guide sliding block 169 in a matched manner, a first motor 167 is connected to the tail end of the right end of the threaded rod 170 in a power mode, a driving shaft 196 (or 178) extending leftwards and rightwards is connected between the clamping left plate 175 and the clamping right plate 163 in a matched manner in a rotating manner, a second motor 174 installed in the clamping left plate 175 is connected to the left end of the driving shaft 196 (or 178) in a power mode, and the right end of the driving shaft 196 (or 178) extends into the clutch cavity 176 and is provided with a first clutch component, rotation axis 183 that extends about clutch chamber 176 right-hand member inner wall normal running fit is connected with, rotation axis 183 one end is stretched into in the clutch chamber 176 and be equipped with first clutch part power connection second clutch part, the rotation axis 183 other end is equipped with grip crank combination unit, it is used for with driving gear 166 that change gear 162 meshing is connected to cup joint on driving shaft 196 (or 178), the normal running fit is connected with drum 165 on the driving gear 166 right-hand member terminal surface, the normal running fit is connected with connecting plate 164 on drum 165, connecting plate 164 bottom with guide block 169 fixed connection to be convenient for realize effectual transport variable speed, do benefit to effective control transportation quality.
Advantageously, the first clutch component comprises a disk 177 arranged at the right end of the driving shaft 196 (or 178), a first right-opening hexagonal groove 180 is arranged in the disk 177, a hexagonal connecting block 181 is slidably mounted in the first right-opening hexagonal groove 180, a first pressing spring 179 is pressingly mounted at the left end of the hexagonal connecting block 181, and a hinge ball 182 is hinged on the right end face of the hexagonal connecting block 181, so that the on-off of the clutch is facilitated.
Advantageously, the second clutch member includes a disk 186 fixedly installed on the rotary shaft 183 to move, and a second hexagonal groove 185 opened to the left is formed in the disk 186 to be clamped with the hexagonal connecting block 181, thereby facilitating the connection of the first clutch member.
Advantageously, the grip crank assembly comprises a crank 188 fixedly installed at the other end of the rotating shaft 183, a sandwich cavity 195 is formed in a transverse handle of the crank 188, vertically symmetrical sliding grooves 189 are formed in the sandwich cavity 195 in a penetrating manner, vertically symmetrical fixing shafts 190 are rotatably installed in the sandwich cavity 195, grip handles 192 extending out of the sandwich cavity 195 are fixedly connected to the fixing shafts 190, a second pressing spring 193 is pressed between the grip handles 192 and the sandwich cavity 195, a toggle gear 191 located at the front end of the grip handles 192 is installed on the fixing shafts 190, expansion blocks 194 are connected in a sliding fit manner in the sliding grooves 189, a rope 184 is slidably connected in the crank 188 and the rotating shaft 183, one end of the rope 184 is fixedly connected with the hinge ball 182, the other end of the rope 184 extends into the sandwich cavity 195 and surrounds the two expansion blocks 194, the distal end is fixedly attached to the inner wall of the interlayer cavity 195, thereby facilitating automatic manual attachment of the device.
Advantageously, the weighing mechanism comprises a plugging groove 107 which is arranged in the material guide sliding slope 104 and is opened upwards, a material receiving block 108 is slidingly connected in the plugging groove 107, and a weight detector 109 is electrically connected to the bottom of the material receiving block 108, so that the weight of the logistics packages can be conveniently detected in real time.
Advantageously, a receiving chamber 114 with an upward opening is arranged in the receiving box 115, a buffer plate 113 is connected in the receiving chamber 114 in a sliding fit manner, and a third top pressure spring 112 is arranged at the bottom of the buffer plate 113 in a pressing manner, so that the objects are prevented from being damaged.
Advantageously, the elastic reset material shifting plate mechanism comprises a rotating shaft 123 rotatably mounted in a wall body at the bottom of the shifting transmission cavity 130, the bottom of the rotating shaft 123 penetrates through the outside of the bottom end face of the intelligent visual identification driving material shifting machine body 118 and is fixedly connected with a material shifting plate 124, a cylindrical head 129 is mounted at the top of the rotating shaft 123, a connecting plate 128 is fixedly connected to the left end of the cylindrical head 129, a clamping rod 126 extending up and down is connected in a rotating fit mode in the connecting plate 128, hexagonal heads 127 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the clamping rod 126, and a torsion spring 125 located at the bottom of the cylindrical head 129 is elastically mounted on the rotating shaft 123, so that the material shifting plate 124 can be automatically shifted and wrapped left and right.
Beneficially, the intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism comprises a toggle groove 119 arranged in the inner wall of the left end of the toggle transmission cavity 130 in communication, a carrying block 133 is connected in the toggle groove 119 in a sliding fit manner, a threaded rod 120 extending forwards and backwards is connected in the carrying block 133 in a threaded fit manner, a third motor 120 is connected to the rear end of the threaded rod 120 in a power manner, a push-out groove 132 with a right opening and corresponding to the rotating shaft 123 is arranged in the carrying block 133, a sliding block 122 is installed in the push-out groove 132 in a sliding manner, a pusher 121 is connected to the left end of the sliding block 122 in a power manner, a clamping plate 131 which is symmetrical up and down is fixedly connected to the right end of the sliding block 122, a clamping groove 134 for butting with the hexagonal head 127 is arranged at the right end of the clamping plate 131, and a processor 156 corresponding to the rotating shaft 123 is arranged in the bottom end face of the intelligent visual identification driving material-shifting machine body 118, the bottom of the processor 156 is electrically connected with a camera identification head 155, so that the automatic starting of the device is facilitated and the corresponding direction poking is facilitated.
In an initial state, the carrier block 133 is located in the middle of the toggle groove 119, the push-out groove 132 is located at the left end of the rotating shaft 123, the slider 122 is completely located in the push-out groove 132, at this time, the connecting plate 128 is in a horizontal state, the switch plate 124 is in a front-back parallel state, the guide slider 169 is located at the rightmost end of the switching shift groove 171, at this time, the driving gear 166 is engaged with the speed change gear 162 with the smallest diameter, and the first clutch member is separated from the second clutch member.
When the operation is required, the logistics parcels to be sorted are placed on the conveying belt 102, then the logistics parcels to be sorted are automatically adjusted to a designated conveying speed, the first motor 167 is started to drive the threaded rod 170 to rotate, the driving gear 166 is enabled to freely move until the driving gear 166 is meshed with the proper speed change gear 162, meanwhile, the pusher 172 synchronously carries out the position supplementing operation, the speed change gear 162 is tightly meshed with the driving gear 166, then the second motor 174 is started to drive the driving shaft 196 (or 178) to rotate, the driving can be realized, the stable conveying of the conveying belt 102 can be realized through the action of the first belt wheel 105, the belt 157 and the second belt wheel 160, when the manual conveying of parcels is required when the failure occurs automatically or the parcels required and carefully protected parcels occur automatically, the transverse handles are held by hands, so that the holding handles 192 are close to each other, thereby driving the toggle gear 191 to rotate, causing the two expansion blocks 194 to work away from each other, thereby tensioning the rope 184, thereby pulling out the hexagonal connection block 181 and the first hexagonal groove 180 to clamp the second hexagonal groove 185, at this time, the crank 188 can drive the driving shaft 196 (or 178) to rotate, thereby transporting the parcel, in the process, the camera identification head 155 continuously scans the passing parcel on the conveyor belt 103, if the information of the corresponding position is met, the processor 156 transmits the information to the third motor 135 and the pusher 121, the pusher 121 firstly exits the slide block 122, causing the clamping plate 131 to extend until the clamping groove 134 is in butt joint with the hexagonal head 127, and then the third motor 135 drives the carrying block 133 to rotate in the direction required by the corresponding sorting, the kick-off plate 124 then rotates to strip the passing parcels off the conveyor line, where they are weighed as they pass the weighing mechanism, and then enter the bin 115 where they are protected by the bumper plate 113.
When the sorting of the sorted articles is completed during the sorting of the parcels, the pusher 121 returns the slide block 122 to the push-out slot 132, the third motor 135 drives the carrier block 133 to return to the initial position, and then the material-shifting plate 124 returns to the initial position due to the action of the torsion spring 125.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: when the device is in an initial state, the carrying moving block is located in the middle of the shifting groove, the pushing groove is located at the left end of the rotating shaft, the sliding block is completely located in the pushing groove, at the moment, the connecting plate is in a horizontal state, the shifting plate is in a front-back parallel state, the guide sliding block is located at the rightmost end of the switching shifting groove, at the moment, the driving gear is in meshed connection with the speed change gear with the minimum diameter, and the first clutch component is separated from the second clutch component, so that the device is convenient to maintain.
When the machine needs to work, the logistics parcels needing to be sorted are placed on the conveying belt, then the machine is automatically adjusted to the designated conveying speed, the first motor is started to drive the threaded rod to rotate, the driving gear is enabled to freely move until the driving gear is meshed with the proper speed change gear, meanwhile, the pusher synchronously carries out position supplementing work, the speed change gear is enabled to be tightly meshed with the driving gear, then the second motor is started to drive the driving shaft to rotate, driving can be achieved, stable conveying of the conveying belt can be achieved through the action of the first belt wheel, the belt and the second belt wheel, when the machine automatically breaks down and the parcels need to be manually conveyed or carefully protected, the transverse handle is held by hands, so that the holding handles are mutually close to drive the shifting gear to rotate, the two expansion blocks are deviated from each other to work, so that the rope is tensioned, the hexagonal connecting block is pulled out from the first hexagonal groove and clamped with the second hexagonal groove, at the moment, the driving shaft is driven to rotate through the crank, so that packages are transported, in the process, the camera identification head continuously scans the packages passing on the conveying belt, if the packages meet and correspond to the information of the position, the processor transmits information to the third motor and the pusher, the pusher firstly withdraws from the sliding block to enable the clamping plate to extend until the clamping groove is in butt joint with the hexagonal head, then the third motor drives the carrier block to rotate towards the direction required by corresponding sorting, then the shifting plate rotates to strip the passing packages from the conveying line, and the packages are weighed when passing through the weighing mechanism, then enter into in the material receiving box and because the effect of buffer board can play certain guard action to promote device letter sorting effect and information input comprehensiveness.
When sorting and packaging are carried out, when sorting of sorted pieces is finished, the pusher recovers the sliding block to enter the pushing groove, the third motor drives the carrying block to recover the initial position, and then the shifting plate recovers the initial position under the action of the torsion spring, so that the sorting efficiency and the practicability are improved.
The automatic conveying device is simple in structure and convenient to operate, the automatic conveying power end is provided with the speed-changing manual automatic double-phase power machine body, the first clutch component, the second clutch component and the grip crank combined component are adopted, the conveying speed and the conveying speed under different conditions are achieved, the working stability is improved, the object protection performance is improved, the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are achieved, the elastic reset material shifting plate mechanism and the intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism are adopted for effectively sorting packages with various complex information, the sorting richness is improved, the material receiving box is arranged for effectively receiving the sorted objects, the package protection performance is improved, the using performance is higher, the moving is convenient, the occupied area is small, and the using operation environment is more.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that are not thought of through the inventive work should be included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an intelligence visual identification commodity circulation parcel screening installation, is in including letter sorting transportation pallet and setting ascending recess of opening in the letter sorting transportation pallet top end face, its characterized in that: the conveying belt conveying mechanism is installed in the groove and comprises a driven shaft, the driven shaft is arranged in the groove in a rotating fit mode and extends left and right, the rear end of the left end of the driven shaft penetrates through and extends out of the left end of the sorting and transporting flat table, a first belt wheel is installed outside the left end of the sorting and transporting flat table, a speed-changing manual automatic dual-phase power machine body which is in power connection with the conveying belt conveying mechanism is installed on the end face of the rear end of the sorting and transporting flat table, symmetrical guide landslides are installed on the left end face and the right end face of the sorting and transporting flat table, a plurality of weighing mechanisms which are distributed from front to back at equal intervals are installed on the guide landslides, material receiving boxes corresponding to the weighing mechanisms are installed on the left end face and the right end face of the sorting and transporting flat table, vertical supporting rods which extend up and down and are symmetrical front to back are fixedly installed on the end face of the top of the material receiving boxes, and horizontal supporting plates which are symmetrical left and right are fixedly connected on the top ends of the vertical supporting rods, the end of the horizontal supporting plate close to the sorting and transporting flat plate table is provided with an intelligent visual identification driving material shifting machine body positioned at the top of the conveying belt conveying mechanism, a poking transmission cavity is arranged in the intelligent visual identification driving poking machine body, the bottom of the poking transmission cavity is provided with elastic reset poking plate mechanisms which are in one-to-one correspondence with the weighing mechanisms, the elastic reset material shifting plate mechanism is positioned at the center of the top of the conveying belt conveying mechanism, the intelligent visual identification driving material shifting machine body also comprises an intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism which is in power connection with the elastic reset material shifting mechanism, the sorting and transporting flat table is characterized in that four-corner-distributed universal wheel supporting mechanisms are arranged at the bottom of the sorting and transporting flat table and fixedly installed on the end faces of the bottom of the sorting and transporting flat table, and universal wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the supporting legs.
2. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the conveying belt conveying mechanism comprises a front driven shaft and a rear driven shaft which are arranged in the groove in a rotating fit mode and are symmetrical, rollers are arranged on the driven shafts, and a conveying belt which is symmetrical left and right is connected between the two rollers in a power mode.
3. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the manual automatic double-phase power organism of variable speed includes setting up the variable speed chamber in its inside, the running fit is connected with the driven shaft that extends about in the variable speed chamber, the driven shaft left end stretches out the manual automatic double-phase power organism left end of variable speed just is equipped with the second band pulley outward, power connection has the belt between first band pulley and the second band pulley, install on the driven shaft and be located a plurality of change gears of variable speed intracavity equidistance distribution, the diameter size of each of change gear reduces from left and right in proper order, variable speed chamber bottom is equipped with backward opening, sliding fit is connected with and is located in the intraoral position compensating slider of variable speed, position compensating slider bottom power is connected with the impeller, the impeller surface inlays to be established in the inner wall of variable speed chamber bottom and fixed connection with it, position compensating slider top is installed the centre gripping left plate, the top of the position supplementing slide block is provided with a clamping right plate positioned at the right end of the clamping left plate, a clutch cavity is arranged in the clamping right plate, the section of the top of the position supplementing slide block is provided with a switching displacement groove with an upward opening, a guide block is slidably arranged in the switching displacement groove, the guide block is in thread fit connection with a threaded rod extending leftwards and rightwards, the tail end of the right end of the threaded rod is in power connection with a first motor, a driving shaft extending leftwards and rightwards is in rotation fit connection between the clamping left plate and the clamping right plate, the left end of the driving shaft is in power connection with a second motor arranged in the clamping left plate, the right end of the driving shaft extends into the clutch cavity and is provided with a first clutch component, the inner wall of the right end of the clutch cavity is in rotation fit connection with a rotating shaft extending leftwards and rightwards, one end of the rotating shaft extends into the clutch cavity and is provided with a second clutch component in power connection with the first clutch component, the other end of the rotating shaft is provided with a grip crank combined component, a driving gear which is used for being in meshed connection with the speed change gear is sleeved on the driving shaft, a cylinder is connected to the end face of the right end of the driving gear in a rotating fit mode, a connecting plate is connected to the cylinder in a rotating fit mode, and the bottom of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the guide sliding block.
4. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 3, wherein: the first clutch component comprises a disc arranged at the right end of the driving shaft, a first hexagonal groove with a right opening is formed in the disc, a hexagonal connecting block is slidably mounted in the first hexagonal groove, a first jacking spring is mounted at the left end of the hexagonal connecting block in a jacking mode, and a hinge ball is hinged to the end face of the right end of the hexagonal connecting block.
5. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the second clutch component comprises a disc fixedly installed on the rotating shaft to move, and a second hexagonal groove which is provided with a left opening and is used for being connected with the hexagonal connecting block is formed in the disc.
6. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the grip crank combined component comprises a crank fixedly installed at the other end of the rotating shaft, a sandwich layer cavity is arranged in a crank transverse handle, sliding grooves which are vertically symmetrical are arranged in the sandwich layer cavity in a run-through mode, vertically symmetrical fixing shafts are rotatably installed in the sandwich layer cavity, a grip handle extending out of the sandwich layer cavity is fixedly connected to the fixing shafts, a second jacking spring is arranged between the grip handle and the sandwich layer cavity in a jacking mode, a toggle gear located at the front end of the grip handle is installed on the fixing shafts, expansion blocks are connected to the sliding grooves in a sliding fit mode, a rope is connected to the crank and the rotating shaft in a sliding mode, one end of the rope is fixedly connected with the hinged ball, the other end of the rope extends into the sandwich layer cavity and surrounds the two expansion blocks, and the tail end of the rope is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the sandwich layer cavity.
7. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the weighing mechanism comprises an embedded plug groove with an upward opening in the material guide landslide, a material receiving block is connected in the embedded plug groove in a sliding mode, and a weight detector is electrically connected to the bottom of the material receiving block.
8. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the material receiving box is internally provided with a material receiving cavity with an upward opening, the material receiving cavity is connected with a buffer plate in a sliding fit mode, and the bottom of the buffer plate is provided with a third jacking spring in a jacking mode.
9. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the elastic reset shifting plate mechanism comprises a rotating shaft which is rotatably installed in the wall body at the bottom of the shifting transmission cavity, the bottom of the rotating shaft penetrates through the end face of the bottom of the intelligent visual identification driving shifting machine body and is fixedly connected with a shifting plate, a cylindrical head is installed at the top of the rotating shaft, a connecting plate is fixedly connected with the left end of the cylindrical head, a clamping rod which extends up and down is connected in a rotating fit mode in the connecting plate, hexagonal heads are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the clamping rod, and a torsion spring located at the bottom of the cylindrical head is elastically installed on the rotating shaft.
10. The intelligent visual identification logistics parcel screening apparatus of claim 9, wherein: the intelligent visual identification clutch driving mechanism comprises a toggle groove which is communicated with the inner wall of the left end of the toggle transmission cavity, the toggle groove is connected with a loaded moving block in a sliding fit manner, the loaded moving block is internally connected with a threaded rod which extends forwards and backwards in a threaded fit manner, the tail end of the rear end of the threaded rod is in power connection with a third motor, a push-out groove with a right opening and corresponding to the rotating shaft is arranged in the carrier block, a sliding block is arranged in the push-out groove in a sliding way, the tail end of the left end of the sliding block is connected with a pusher in a power way, the tail end of the right end of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a clamping plate which is symmetrical up and down, the right end of the clamping plate is provided with a clamping groove which is used for being in butt joint with the hexagonal head, the intelligent visual identification drive material poking machine body is internally provided with a processor which is in one-to-one correspondence with the rotating shaft, the processor bottom electricity allies oneself with installs the camera identification head to be convenient for the automatic start of device to correspond the direction and stir.
CN201910067055.7A 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Intelligent visual identification logistics package screening equipment Active CN109807069B (en)

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