CN109772543A - Solid material shredding machine - Google Patents

Solid material shredding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109772543A
CN109772543A CN201910108896.8A CN201910108896A CN109772543A CN 109772543 A CN109772543 A CN 109772543A CN 201910108896 A CN201910108896 A CN 201910108896A CN 109772543 A CN109772543 A CN 109772543A
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China
Prior art keywords
solid
cutter
axial
hopper
guide case
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Granted
Application number
CN201910108896.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109772543B (en
Inventor
张振涛
刘刈
陈艳
彭琳
龙泊康
张羽
张立军
张兴旺
任韧
孙润杰
李睿之
李振毅
骆永志
聂鹏
王海云
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China Institute of Atomic of Energy
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China Institute of Atomic of Energy
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Application filed by China Institute of Atomic of Energy filed Critical China Institute of Atomic of Energy
Priority to CN201910108896.8A priority Critical patent/CN109772543B/en
Publication of CN109772543A publication Critical patent/CN109772543A/en
Priority claimed from EP20748407.2A external-priority patent/EP3919446A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109772543B publication Critical patent/CN109772543B/en
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Abstract

Present disclose provides a kind of solid material shredding machines.The solid material shredding machine includes guide case, shredding mechanism, hopper and the colloid mill for being interconnected, setting gradually.Wherein, guide case is for importing solid material, and solid material is made to fall along the axial direction of guide case;Shredding mechanism includes the cutter that can be rotated under outer power drive, which is used to that the solid material fallen into along the axial direction of guide case to be cut into fragment by cutter;Hopper for by importeding into hopper working fluid come drive from shredding mechanism decline into fragment movement;The bottom of hopper is provided with the sieve plate including multiple sieve pores, and the fragment of the size for the liquid of part and size to be less than multiple sieve pores filters out hopper;And colloid mill is set to the lower section of sieve plate, for the fragment for filtering out hopper to be ground into slurry.

Description

Solid material shredding machine
Technical field
This disclosure relates to material process field, more particularly, to a kind of solid material shredding machine.
Background technique
As atomic energy industry development and radioactive isotope are widely applied increasingly, radioactive waste increases increasingly.Such as Without handling or dealing with improperly and outlet, environment can be made by radioactive pollution.The growth for not only influencing animals and plants, deteriorates water Body, and be detrimental to health, or even adverse effect is generated to offspring.
During realizing disclosure design, at least there are the following problems in the prior art for inventor's discovery: currently, right The processing of radioactive solid waste generally handled using concentration volume reduction and by the way of so that it is environmentally isolated with (such as bury etc.) and Disposition.Although supercritical water oxidation decomposition technique is used to have not been able to both at home and abroad for the hot spot of current debirs treatment research Supercritical water oxidation is carried out to solid waste.It one of traces it to its cause as that cannot be chopped into radioactivity organic waste materials to sufficiently small Granularity.And at present both at home and abroad to the crushing of solid combustible due to the limitation of disintegrating process, obtained crumb size is often big In 5mm;Simultaneously because the radioactive pollution of radioactivity organic waste materials, does not substantially grind the chopping of solid radiation organic waste materials Grinding process.This undoubtedly will affect the implementation of subsequent supercritical water oxidation processing technique.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, present disclose provides the solid materials that one kind can carry out chopping grinding to solid radiation material to cut Broken machine.
Present disclose provides a kind of solid material shredding machines.The shredding machine include be interconnected, the guide case that sets gradually, Shredding mechanism, hopper and colloid mill.Wherein, guide case is for importing solid material, and makes solid material along the axial direction of guide case Direction falls.Shredding mechanism includes that can be used to pass through cutter for edge in the cutter of external force being rotated by, the shredding mechanism The solid material that the axial direction of guide case is fallen into is cut into fragment.Hopper be used for by the working fluid that imported into the hopper come Drive from shredding mechanism decline into fragment movement.The bottom of the hopper is provided with the sieve plate including multiple sieve pores, is used for portion The fragment that the liquid and size that divide are less than the size of multiple sieve pores filters out hopper.Colloid mill is set to the lower section of sieve plate, and being used for will The fragment for filtering out hopper is ground into slurry.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned shredding mechanism includes stripping and slicing component, which includes fixed cylinder, rolls Cylinder and multiple first cutters.Wherein, the axial direction of fixed cylinder perpendicular to guide case axial direction, and fixed cylinder include first Side wall is provided with corresponding first opening and the second opening on the first side wall, is respectively used to connection guide case and hopper.Rolling Dynamic cylinder is set in fixed cylinder along the axial direction of fixed cylinder, which includes second sidewall, second sidewall and the first side wall The distance between it is corresponding with the size of solid material.Multiple first cutters are uniformly arranged on second along the circumferential direction for rolling cylinder On the outer surface of side wall, form the first knife battle array, for by along the axial direction of guide case fall into the first side wall and second sidewall it Between solid material be cut into block.Wherein, the distance between two neighboring first cutter is arranged to and block in the first knife battle array The size of shape object is corresponding.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned shredding mechanism further includes shredder assemblies.The shredder assemblies are set to fixed cylinder The middle position rolled between cylinder and hopper, and the shredder assemblies include the second cutter, for the block fallen to be cut into fragment. Wherein, the distance between shredder assemblies and the first side wall are greater than pre-determined distance, so that fragment can fall into hopper.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned second cutter includes axial cutter and radial cutter.Wherein, axial cutter edge The axial direction of guide case is arranged;Radial cutter is along the side vertical with the axial direction of guide case and the axial direction of fixed cylinder To setting.Radial cutter is coaxial with axial direction, and radial cutter is located between axial cutter and hopper.Wherein, axial cutter It is configured as under the action of the first external force with radial cutter around coaxial central axis rotation.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned stripping and slicing component further includes multiple third cutters.Multiple third cutter is along solid The circumferential direction of safety barrel is uniformly arranged on the inner surface of the first side wall, forms the second knife battle array.Above-mentioned rolling cylinder can be second It is rotated under the action of external force around central shaft, so that the axial direction along guide case is fallen between the first side wall and second sidewall Solid material is cut into block under the action of the first knife battle array and the second knife battle array.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned rolling cylinder includes at least one set of roller.Every group in at least one set roller Roller includes two opposite rollers, and the side wall of two opposite rollers is each formed with the first knife battle array, and two opposite rollers Cylinder can rotate round about under the drive of the second external force.Wherein, the spacing between two opposite rollers is less than solid The size of material.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned multiple first cutters and/or multiple second cutters are more rib knives;And/or Person, in above-mentioned first knife battle array in the distance between two neighboring first cutter and/or the second knife battle array two neighboring third cutter it Between distance be decimeter level.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned guide case includes a pair of of the third side wall being oppositely arranged.A pair of third side Each third side wall in wall is provided with multiple nozzles, for importing liquid, makes solid material in a pair of third side wall It falls under the action of the liquid that multiple nozzles import along the axial direction of guide case.Wherein, each third side wall and fixed cylinder The axial direction of axial direction and guide case is parallel.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned solid material shredding machine further includes guiding device.The guiding device is for driving The dynamic working fluid flowing imported in hopper, and by the fragment and liquid guide flow that do not filter out hopper to guide case.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, width of the above-mentioned fragment in any one direction is less than 5mm;And/or it is above-mentioned The granularity of slurry is less than 50 μm.
The solid material shredding machine that the disclosure provides, has the advantages that
1) functions such as guide, chopping and defibrination to solid material are integrated in one, solid material can be directly turned Slurry is turned to, therefore there is the beneficial effect that processing capacity is big, integrated level is high;And when handling radioactive substance, it is possible to reduce Hot operation link;
2) by importing liquid in guide hopper, solid material can be made to be chopped under liquid environment, therefore can be with Avoid the generation of aerosol;And since solid material can axially fall in the drive lower edge of the importing fluid, it can by In the flow feed of liquid, without by external force, therefore space can be made full use of, reduce the whole size of equipment;
3) bulk materials are shredded using the knife battle array stripping and slicing on roller, piece material by high-speed rotating third cutter, from And solid material can be shredded to millimeter magnitude, the skill of millimeter magnitude cannot be crushed to by solving solid material in the prior art Art bottleneck;And the fragment filtered out is ground by colloid mill, the granularity that can achieve slurry is small, uniform granularity beneficial effect Fruit.
Detailed description of the invention
By referring to the drawings to the description of the embodiment of the present disclosure, the above-mentioned and other purposes of the disclosure, feature and Advantage will be apparent from, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates the sectional front view of the solid material shredding machine according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure;
Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates the lateral sectional view of the solid material shredding machine according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure;
Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the shredding mechanism according to the embodiment of the present disclosure;
Fig. 4 A~Fig. 4 B diagrammatically illustrates the structural representation of the first cutter according to the embodiment of the present disclosure/third cutter Figure;
Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 B diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the second cutter according to the embodiment of the present disclosure;
Fig. 6 diagrammatically illustrates the sectional front view of the solid material shredding machine according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure;
Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the sectional front view of the solid material shredding machine according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter, will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings embodiment of the disclosure.However, it should be understood that these descriptions are only exemplary , and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.In the following detailed description, to elaborate many specific thin convenient for explaining Section is to provide the comprehensive understanding to the embodiment of the present disclosure.It may be evident, however, that one or more embodiments are not having these specific thin It can also be carried out in the case where section.In addition, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and technologies are omitted, to avoid Unnecessarily obscure the concept of the disclosure.
Term as used herein is not intended to limit the disclosure just for the sake of description specific embodiment.It uses herein The terms "include", "comprise" etc. show the presence of the feature, step, operation and/or component, but it is not excluded that in the presence of Or add other one or more features, step, operation or component.
There are all terms (including technical and scientific term) as used herein those skilled in the art to be generally understood Meaning, unless otherwise defined.It should be noted that term used herein should be interpreted that with consistent with the context of this specification Meaning, without that should be explained with idealization or excessively mechanical mode.
Embodiment of the disclosure provides a kind of solid material shredding machine.The solid material shredding machine include be interconnected, Guide case, shredding mechanism, hopper and the colloid mill set gradually.Wherein, guide case is for importing solid material, and makes solids Expect that the axial direction along guide case falls;Shredding mechanism includes can be in the cutter of external force being rotated by, the shredding mechanism For the solid material fallen into along the axial direction of guide case to be cut into fragment by cutter;Hopper is used for by importeding into hopper In working fluid come drive from shredding mechanism decline into fragment movement;The bottom of hopper is provided with the sieve including multiple sieve pores The fragment of plate, the size for the liquid of part and size to be less than multiple sieve pores filters out hopper;Colloid mill is set to sieve plate Lower section, for the fragment for filtering out hopper to be ground into slurry.
FIG. 1 to FIG. 2 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the solid material shredding machine according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure. Wherein, Fig. 1 is the sectional front view of the solid material shredding machine, and Fig. 2 is side view (left view or the right side of the solid material shredding machine Depending on) sectional view.
As shown in Figure 1, the solid material shredding machine 1 of the embodiment of the present disclosure includes the guide case for being interconnected, setting gradually 10, shredding mechanism 20, hopper 30 and colloid mill 40.
Wherein, guide case 10 is for importing solid material, and refers to solid material (i.e. along the axial direction of guide case 1 Vertical direction in Fig. 1) it falls.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which specifically for example can be leading for rectangular shape Hopper.The one end of the guide case in the axial direction close to shredding mechanism 20 for example can be hatch frame, in order to solids Material falls into shredding mechanism.
Wherein, shredding mechanism 20 include can be in the cutter of external force being rotated by, then the shredding mechanism 20 is for leading to It crosses cutter and the solid material fallen along the axial direction of guide case 10 is cut into fragment.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as Fig. 1~ Shown in 2, the external force for example can be the external force provided by first motor 2 and/or the second motor 3.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in Fig. 1~2, shredding mechanism 20 for example may include having stripping and slicing component 21, should Stripping and slicing component 21 is used to solid material being cut into block.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which includes above-mentioned The cutter that can be rotated under outer power drive, in such cases, the external force are provided by the second motor 3.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, shredding mechanism 20 for example can also include shredder assemblies 22, the shredder assemblies 22 Block for being cut into stripping and slicing component 21 is further cut, and fragment is obtained.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the powder Broken component 22 for example also may include having the above-mentioned cutter that can be rotated under outer power drive, and in such cases, the external force is not It is only provided by the second motor 3, there are also the offers of first motor 2.Wherein, what the second motor 3 was used to that stripping and slicing component 21 to be driven to include cuts Swivel is dynamic, the cutter rotation that first motor 2 is used to that shredder assemblies 22 to be driven to include.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which for example can have shell, then shreds component 21 and crushing group Part 22 is set in the shell.The shell can be integrally formed with guide case 10 and hopper 30.
Wherein, hopper 30 is specifically used for the working fluid by importeding into hopper 30 to drive from the decline of shredding mechanism 20 The fragment movement entered.Furthermore the bottom of the hopper 30 is provided with the sieve plate 31 including multiple sieve pores, and working fluid, which is able to drive, to be fallen The fragment entered moves to 31 region of sieve plate, at this point, the fragment that size is less than multiple screen sizes can be with the liquid of part Body is filtered off hopper 30, in order to be ground using colloid mill 40.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the sieve pore ruler of the sieve plate 31 It is very little specifically to be set according to the demand of colloid mill 40, such as the screen size can be less than 5mm.Correspondingly, by above-mentioned At least part of fragment should be able to meet all small in the width in any one direction in the fragment that the chopping of shredding mechanism 20 obtains In the requirement of 5mm.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, fragment material diversion hole for example can be set between shredding mechanism 20 and hopper 30 50, the fragment that shredding mechanism 20 is cut into smoothly is imported in hopper 30.
Wherein, colloid mill 40 is set to the lower section of the sieve plate 31 of 30 bottom of hopper setting, to the fragment for filtering out hopper 30 It is ground.In view of with fragment filter out there are also the liquid flowed in hopper, therefore colloid mill 40 is ground to fragment When mill, without still further adding liquid.Fragment becomes slurry under the abrasive action of colloid mill 40, specifically can for example be converted into Colloidal particle.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the type of the colloid mill 40 can specifically be selected according to actual needs, so that The granularity for the slurry that must be ground meets actual demand.Wherein, the granularity of the slurry ground specifically for example can be with Lower than 50 μm.
In summary, directly solid material chopping grinding can be slurried for the solid material shredding machine of the embodiment of the present disclosure Material, therefore integrated level is high, treatment effeciency is high.It, will and since the solid material shredding machine is by setting shredding mechanism and colloid mill The functions such as chopping and grinding become one, therefore when solid material is radioactivity combustible waste, can effectively reduce and put Penetrating property operation link, to reduce radioactive pollution.
Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the shredding mechanism according to the embodiment of the present disclosure.
As shown in figure 3, the shredding mechanism 20 of the embodiment of the present disclosure has specifically included stripping and slicing component 21 and shredder assemblies 22.
Wherein, stripping and slicing component 21 includes fixed cylinder 211, rolls cylinder 212 and multiple first cutters 213.
Wherein, axial direction of the axial direction of fixed cylinder 211 perpendicular to guide case 10, the axial direction side of the fixed cylinder 211 To width direction that specifically for example can not only perpendicular to the vertical direction in reference Fig. 1 but also perpendicular to guide case 10.Such as Fig. 3 institute Show, which includes the first side wall 2111, and corresponding first opening 215 and the are provided on the first side wall 2111 Two openings 216, this two openings are respectively used to connection guide case 10 and hopper 30.Specifically, the first side wall 2111 setting the The part of one opening 215 can connect with the side wall of the hatch frame of guide case 10, so that guide case 10 and stripping and slicing component 21 It is connected to via hatch frame with the first opening 215, so that the solid material that guide case 10 imports is fallen into fixed cylinder 211.
Wherein, cylinder 212 is rolled to be set in fixed cylinder 211 along the axial direction of fixed cylinder 211.The rolling cylinder 212 includes There is second sidewall 2121, the distance between the second sidewall 2121 and the first side wall 2111 specifically can be with the sizes of solid material It is corresponding, it is rolled between cylinder 212 and fixed cylinder 211 so that the solid material that self-conductance hopper 10 is fallen into can be fallen to.
Wherein, multiple first cutters 213 specifically (can be surrounded and be rolled in cylinder 212 along the circumferential direction for rolling cylinder 212 The direction of mandrel) it is set in second sidewall 2121.Specifically, multiple first cutter 213 can be in second sidewall 2121 Upper evenly distributed setting, to form the first knife battle array.It then falls into and is rolled (i.e. first between cylinder 212 and fixed cylinder 211 in solid material Between side wall 2111 and second sidewall 2121) when, under the dissection of the first knife battle array, androgynous material can be cut into bulk Object.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned rolling cylinder 212 specifically can be according to solid material with the size of fixed cylinder 211 Size and select to be arranged so that the distance between the first side wall 2111 and second sidewall 2121 will not can not be fallen due to too small Enter solid material, it will not be because making very much hole of the solid material fallen into directly between the first side wall 2111 and the first knife battle array greatly Gap falls and is not cut.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the distance between two neighboring first cutter 213 specifically may be used in above-mentioned first knife battle array To be set according to cutting demand, i.e., the distance is corresponding with the size for the block being cut into.When needing to cut solid material It when at smaller size, then appropriate can reduce the distance between two adjacent first cutters, and need solid material When being cut into larger size, then appropriate it can increase the distance between two adjacent first cutters.According to the implementation of the disclosure Example, the distance between two neighboring first cutter 213 can be for example decimeter level, such as can be 100mm.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in figure 3, the stripping and slicing component 21 for example can also include multiple third cutters 214.Multiple third cutter 214 can along the inner surface that the circumferential direction of fixed cylinder 211 is set to the first side wall 2111, with It is oppositely arranged with multiple first cutters 213.Specifically, multiple third cutter 214 for example can be on the first side wall 2111 Evenly distributed setting, to form the second knife battle array.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned rolling cylinder 212 specifically can be under the action of the second external force around its center Axis rotation, so that the axial direction along guide case 10 falls into the solid material between the first side wall 2111 and second sidewall 2121 Block can be cut under the action of the first knife battle array and the second knife battle array.Specifically, when solid material falls into the first side wall When between 2111 and second sidewall 2121, which is placed between adjacent multiple first cutters 213.Then with rolling The rotation of dynamic cylinder 212, the solid material are constantly cut with rotation, and under the action of third cutter 214 in the second knife battle array Refinement is cut, to be cut into block of the size less than the distance between the first side wall 2111 and second sidewall 2121.And because This realizes effective cutting to solid material, and the size for the block that solid material is cut into limits (example in a certain range Within the scope of 100mm).In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the distance between two adjacent third cutters 214 in the second knife battle array Such as it can be equal or different with the distance between two adjacent first cutters 213.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, this two The distance between adjacent third cutter 214 for example may be decimeter level.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned second external force specifically can be is provided by the second motor 3 in reference Fig. 2, The rolling cylinder 212 slow rotation, velocity of rotation under second external force specifically can be 5R/min~50R/min.This public affairs It opens and the velocity of rotation of the rolling cylinder 212 is not construed as limiting, the velocity of rotation of the rolling cylinder 212 specifically can be according to solid material Hardness and cutting demand are set.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in figure 3, the rolling cylinder 212 for example may include specifically having along fixed cylinder 211 Axial direction arrangement at least one set of roller.Every group of roller includes that there are two opposite rollers, and two opposite rollers Side wall be each formed with the first knife battle array.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which for example can be above-mentioned second It is rotated round about under the drive of external force, the solid material that will be fallen between two rollers is brought to the first knife battle array and second Between knife battle array, the cutting of solid material is realized.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which can for example set relative to the substantially symmetrical about its central axis of guide case It sets, and the spacing between two opposite rollers should be less than the size of solid material, to avoid along the axial direction of guide case Spacing of the solid material fallen into directly between two opposite rollers is fallen in shredder assemblies 22 or hopper 30.
Wherein, as shown in figure 3, above-mentioned shredder assemblies 22 can be set rolled in fixed cylinder 211 cylinder 212 and hopper 30 it Between position obtain the fragment of solid material further to be cut to the block obtained via stripping and slicing component 21.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the distance between the first side wall 2111 of the shredder assemblies 22 and fixed cylinder 211 needs It is greater than pre-determined distance, in order to enable the fragment obtained after the cutting of shredder assemblies 22 via the first side wall 2111 and crush Space between component 22 falls into hopper 30.Wherein, the pre-determined distance can specifically be obtained according to the cutting of shredder assemblies 22 The size of fragment is set.The pre-determined distance also should not be too large, to prevent the block obtained via stripping and slicing component 22 direct Hopper 30 is fallen into via the distance between shredder assemblies 22 and the first side wall 2111.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, this it is default away from From for example being 5mm.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, which for example may include having the second cutter, for cutting block At fragment, further reduce the size for entering the fragment of hopper 30, the grinding for colloid mill 40 provides condition.Wherein, this Two cutters for example can high-speed rotation, effective cutting with guarantee to block under the action of the first external force.Wherein, this first External force for example can the first motor 2 as shown in reference FIG. 1 to FIG. 2 provide.The velocity of rotation of second cutter specifically can be with It is configured according to the hardness etc. of solid material, such as the velocity of rotation of second cutter can be 1000R/min~3000R/ min。
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the second cutter of the shredder assemblies 22 specifically for example may include having axial cutter 221 and radial cutter 222.Wherein, axial cutter 221 is arranged along the axial direction of guide case 10, and radial cutter 222 along The direction setting vertical with the axial direction of guide case 10 and the axial direction of fixed cylinder 211.Further, radial cutter 222 for example can be coaxial with axial cutter 221, so that the effect of the radial direction cutter 222 and axial cutter 221 in the first external force Under rotated synchronously around coaxial central axis.Specifically, radial cutter 222 can be located between axial cutter 221 and hopper 30, with Further radial cuts are carried out to by block of the axial cutter 221 after axially cutting, so that finally obtained crumb size Approximately less than 5mm enters colloid mill for fragment and is ready.
In summary, the shredding mechanism of the embodiment of the present disclosure, by using bulk materials via the slit roll rotated at a slow speed Battle array stripping and slicing, the chopping method that piece material is combined via high-speed rotating cutter rotary-cut can will obtain crumb size reduction To 5mm, and obtained fragment uniformity is good, is ready to enter colloid mill for the fragment and be ground into slurry.
Fig. 4 A~Fig. 4 B diagrammatically illustrates the structural representation of the first cutter according to the embodiment of the present disclosure/third cutter Figure.Wherein, Fig. 4 A is first cutter/third cutter front view, and Fig. 4 B is first cutter/third cutter top view.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the second of the second knife battle array of the first cutter of above-mentioned the first knife of formation battle array and/or formation Cutter can for example use more rib knife structures, to improve the stability and sharpness of the first knife battle array and the second knife battle array, improve cutting Efficiency.Specifically, as shown in Fig. 4 A~Fig. 4 B, first cutter/third cutter is four square tool.
Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 B diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the shredder assemblies according to the embodiment of the present disclosure.Wherein, scheme 5A is the front view of the second cutter, and Fig. 5 B is the top view of the second cutter.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in Fig. 2, above-mentioned shredder assemblies 22 can be for example the multiple of periodic arrangement, Multiple shredder assemblies 22 along fixed cylinder 211 in reference Fig. 3 central axis period profile, to the central axis along fixed cylinder 211 Direction on the block that falls at different location cut.Each shredder assemblies 22 include the second cutter, and second cuts Cutter has axial cutter 221 and radial cutter 222.It correspondingly, should be with shredder assemblies with reference to the quantity of the first motor 2 in Fig. 2 22 number is identical.
As shown in Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 B, the axial cutter 221 in above-mentioned second cutter for example can be set to have different height The multipair axial cutter of degree, the coaxial center of two cutters in each pair of cutter axially cutter 221 and radial cutter 222 Axis 223 is symmetrical arranged, to carry out classification cutting to block.It specifically can be, block is first cut by the high axial cutter of height It cuts, then during being fallen after the big axial cutter cutting of height, then cut by the low axial cutter of height, to realize pair The multiple cutting of block, in favor of block is cut to the lesser fragment of size.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned radial cutter 222 is specifically as follows integral structure, and the integral structure is in diameter It is cutter to the both ends in direction (in the not only axial direction perpendicular to guide case but also the direction of the axial direction perpendicular to fixed cylinder) Structure, the cutter structure are structure gradually thinning on the axial direction for being parallel to guide case.To be cut to via axial cutter Block after cutting carries out radial cuts.
Fig. 6 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the solid material shredding machine according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure.
As shown in fig. 6, the solid material shredding machine 1 of the embodiment of the present disclosure for example can also include material receiving magazine 60 and lock Plate valve 70.Material receiving magazine 60 places solid material for receiving.The switch of the slide valve 70 is set to material receiving magazine 60 Outside, slide valve 70 are set between material receiving magazine 60 and guide case 10, then by the switch of the slide valve, can connect and Material receiving magazine 60 and guide case 10 is isolated.Specifically, it when needing to carry out chopping defibrination to solid material, can will be equipped with solid The material receiving magazine 60 is put into after the packaging bag opening of body material.Slide valve 70 is opened at this time, the solid material in packaging bag Guide case 10 can be imported from material receiving magazine 60.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in fig. 6, guide case in the solid material shredding machine 1 of the embodiment of the present disclosure 10 for example can have a pair of of the third side wall 11 being oppositely arranged, and each third side wall 11 in a pair of third side wall 11 is all provided with Multiple nozzles 111 are equipped with, by the way that the nozzle 111 to be connect with drawing liquid pump and fluid box, the liquid in fluid box can be pumped into At the nozzle, and spray into inside the guide case 10.In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, it is arranged on a pair of third side wall 11 multiple Nozzle 111, which specifically can be, to be symmetrically arranged, and with the side-walls in the guide case 10 symmetrically imports liquid, so that It can be along the axial direction of guide case 10 under the action of from liquid of the solid material in the importing that material receiving magazine 60 imports It falls, consequently facilitating solid material is fallen between opposite a pair of of roller.In such cases, the working fluid in hopper can be The liquid imported by nozzle, and flowing of the liquid in hopper can be realized by means of external force, by fragment pumping to sieve Plate region.Wherein, each third side wall 11 and the axial direction of the axial direction of fixed cylinder and guide case are parallel.
In addition, since the liquid sprayed into from nozzle 111 can fall with solid material, and flow into shredding mechanism 20 and hopper 30, so that being in liquid environment inside the entire solid material shredding machine of the embodiment of the present disclosure, can prevent from putting in chopping The generation of aerosol during penetrating property solid waste, to avoid the pollution to air.Furthermore it can also be imported by means of nozzle Liquid realize self-service feeding, without external force, therefore entire solid material chopping can be reduced to a certain extent The equipment size size of machine.
Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the solid material shredding machine according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure.
As shown in fig. 7, the solid material shredding machine 1 of the embodiment of the present disclosure is for the ease of flowing the liquid in hopper 30, Provided with guide pump 80.In addition, it is for example also provided with pipeline between hopper 30 and the nozzle 111 of guide case 10, so that The liquid obtained in hopper 30 flows at nozzle 111 via the pipeline, and sprays into guide case 10, realizes liquid in hopper 30 It recycles.
Furthermore, it is contemplated that hopper 30 is also with sizes greater than the larger fragment of the screen size of sieve plate 31, this part is larger It pollutes the environment if fragment is expelled directly out.And consider that liquid can flow under the drive of guide pump 80 in hopper 30, then should The larger fragment in part (not filtering out the fragment of hopper 30) can flow out hopper 30 via pipeline under the drive of the working fluid, And it is flowed into guide case 10 via nozzle 111.Therefore the larger fragment for flowing into the guide case 10 can be chopped into again device and cut It cuts, until its size is less than the screen size on sieve plate 31, slurry is ground by colloid mill 40.
In summary, the embodiment of the present disclosure may be implemented liquid and do not grind waste by the setting of above-mentioned guide pump 80 Recycling and reusing, and therefore improve the processing capacity of the solid material shredding machine.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the feature recorded in each embodiment and/or claim of the disclosure can To carry out multiple combinations and/or combination, even if such combination or combination are not expressly recited in the disclosure.Particularly, exist In the case where not departing from disclosure spirit or teaching, the feature recorded in each embodiment and/or claim of the disclosure can To carry out multiple combinations and/or combination.All these combinations and/or combination each fall within the scope of the present disclosure.
Embodiment of the disclosure is described above.But the purpose that these embodiments are merely to illustrate that, and It is not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.Although respectively describing each embodiment above, but it is not intended that each reality Use cannot be advantageously combined by applying the measure in example.The scope of the present disclosure is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.It does not take off From the scope of the present disclosure, those skilled in the art can make a variety of alternatives and modifications, these alternatives and modifications should all fall in this Within scope of disclosure.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solid material shredding machine, including what is be interconnected, set gradually:
Guide case for importing solid material, and makes the solid material fall along the axial direction of the guide case;
Shredding mechanism, will including that can be used to pass through the cutter in the cutter of external force being rotated by, the shredding mechanism The solid material fallen into along the axial direction of the guide case is cut into fragment;
Hopper, for driving the fragment fallen into from the shredding mechanism to transport by the working fluid importeding into the hopper It is dynamic;The bottom of the hopper is provided with the sieve plate including multiple sieve pores, the multiple for the liquid of part and size to be less than The fragment of the size of sieve pore filters out the hopper;And
Colloid mill is set to the lower section of the sieve plate, for the fragment for filtering out the hopper to be ground into slurry.
2. solid material shredding machine according to claim 1, wherein the shredding mechanism includes stripping and slicing component, described to cut Block assembly includes:
Fixed cylinder, axial direction is perpendicular to the axial direction of the guide case, and the fixed cylinder includes the first side wall, described It is provided with corresponding first opening and the second opening on the first side wall, is respectively used to be connected to the guide case and the hopper;
Cylinder is rolled, the axial direction along the fixed cylinder is set in the fixed cylinder, and the rolling cylinder includes second sidewall, institute It states the distance between second sidewall and the first side wall and the size of the solid material is corresponding;And
Multiple first cutters, the multiple first cutter are uniformly arranged on the second sidewall along the circumferential direction for rolling cylinder Outer surface on, the first knife battle array is formed, for the first side wall and described the will to be fallen into along the axial direction of the guide case Solid material between two side walls is cut into block,
Wherein, the distance between two adjacent first cutters are arranged to the size with the block in the first knife battle array It is corresponding.
3. solid material shredding machine according to claim 2, wherein the shredding mechanism further include:
Shredder assemblies are set to the position between rolling cylinder and the hopper described in the fixed cylinder, the shredder assemblies packet The second cutter is included, for the block fallen to be cut into the fragment,
Wherein, the distance between the shredder assemblies and the first side wall are greater than pre-determined distance, so that the fragment can be fallen Enter the hopper.
4. solid material shredding machine according to claim 3, wherein second cutter includes axial cutter and radial cut Knife, in which:
The axial direction cutter is arranged along the axial direction of the guide case;
The radial direction cutter is set along the direction vertical with the axial direction of the axial direction of the guide case and the fixed cylinder Set, the radial direction cutter is coaxial with the axial cutter, and the radial cutter be located at the axial cutter and the hopper it Between,
Wherein, the axial cutter and radial cutter are configured as under the action of the first external force around coaxial central axis rotation.
5. solid material shredding machine according to claim 2, in which:
The stripping and slicing component further include: multiple third cutters, the multiple third cutter are equal along the circumferential direction of the fixed cylinder On the even inner surface for being set to the first side wall, the second knife battle array is formed;And
The rolling cylinder can rotate under the action of second external force around central shaft, so that along the axial direction of the guide case Direction falls into the solid material between the first side wall and the second sidewall in the first knife battle array and the second knife battle array Under the action of be cut into the block.
6. solid material shredding machine according to claim 5, wherein the rolling cylinder includes:
At least one set of roller, every group of roller include two opposite rollers, and the side wall of described two opposite rollers is each formed with The first knife battle array, and described two opposite rollers can rotate round about under the drive of second external force,
Wherein, the spacing between described two opposite rollers is less than the size of the solid material.
7. solid material shredding machine according to claim 5, in which:
The multiple first cutter and/or the multiple second cutter are more rib knives;And/or
Two neighboring third is cut in the distance between two neighboring first cutter and/or the second knife battle array in the first knife battle array The distance between knife is decimeter level.
8. solid material shredding machine according to claim 2, wherein the guide case includes:
A pair of of the third side wall being oppositely arranged, each third side wall in the pair of third side wall are provided with multiple nozzles, For importing liquid, make the solid material under the action of liquid that multiple nozzles of the pair of third side wall import along institute The axial direction for stating guide case falls,
Wherein, each third side wall and the axial direction of the axial direction of the fixed cylinder and the guide case are parallel.
9. solid material shredding machine according to claim 1, further includes:
Guiding device, for driving the working fluid imported in the hopper flowing, and by do not filter out the hopper fragment and Liquid guide flow is to the guide case.
10. solid material shredding machine according to claim 1, in which:
Width of the fragment in any one direction is less than 5mm;And/or
The granularity of the slurry is lower than 50 μm.
CN201910108896.8A 2019-02-03 2019-02-03 Solid material chopper Active CN109772543B (en)

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CN201910108896.8A CN109772543B (en) 2019-02-03 2019-02-03 Solid material chopper
EP20748407.2A EP3919446A1 (en) 2019-02-03 2020-01-20 Treatment of radioactive organic solid waste by supercritical water oxidation
PCT/CN2020/073313 WO2020156336A1 (en) 2019-02-03 2020-01-20 Treatment of radioactive organic solid waste by supercritical water oxidation

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CN112962553A (en) * 2021-02-10 2021-06-15 商丘市水利建筑勘测设计院 Collecting device for collecting water surface and underwater dirt

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CN207872358U (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-09-18 江西海富生物工程有限公司 A kind of Siraitia grosvenorii high efficiency continuous crushing device
CN207981332U (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-10-19 山东润昕生物科技有限公司 The material handling apparatus of hyaluronic acid production

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CN104043510A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-09-17 孙玉平 Crusher for long-fiber material
CN204396129U (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-06-17 重庆奇甫机械有限责任公司 Dedusting particle system of processing
CN207872358U (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-09-18 江西海富生物工程有限公司 A kind of Siraitia grosvenorii high efficiency continuous crushing device
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WO2020156336A1 (en) * 2019-02-03 2020-08-06 中国原子能科学研究院 Treatment of radioactive organic solid waste by supercritical water oxidation
CN112962553A (en) * 2021-02-10 2021-06-15 商丘市水利建筑勘测设计院 Collecting device for collecting water surface and underwater dirt

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