CN109769606A - A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based - Google Patents

A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109769606A
CN109769606A CN201910215044.9A CN201910215044A CN109769606A CN 109769606 A CN109769606 A CN 109769606A CN 201910215044 A CN201910215044 A CN 201910215044A CN 109769606 A CN109769606 A CN 109769606A
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China
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wheat
pest
disease damage
insect pests
computer
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CN201910215044.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭芳
郑卫锋
董瑞
张萌
刘艳俊
郭小萍
郑晓东
刘巍
令狐芮平
王丽英
尹祥杰
冯永强
武艾卿
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郭芳
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Priority to CN201910215044.9A priority Critical patent/CN109769606A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control methods Internet-based, include the following steps: step 1, equipment installation and debugging;Step 2, pest and disease damage prediction;Step 3, pest diagnosis;Step 4, pest and disease damage solve;Wherein in above-mentioned step one, camera is respectively mounted in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre, air, soil, CO2 and illumination inductive pick-up are installed in plot side to be detected simultaneously, camera and sensor are connect by connecting line with computer, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storage wheat is by pest and disease damage on computers, it checks that equipment can run well, carries out parameter adjustment, initiation parameter is set;Wherein in above-mentioned step two, by the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, the wheat photo of shooting is passed into computer;The present invention observes wheat in real time, time saving and energy saving, can suit the remedy to the case to the wheat of pest and disease damage, high treating effect.

Description

A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based
Technical field
The present invention relates to Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests Prevention Technique field, specially a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests prevention and treatment Internet-based Method.
Background technique
China is large agricultural country, and the cereal crops of production are varied, and wheat is even more obtained as major demands grain The plantation of large area, but it is high-incidence due to pest and disease damage, and the production of wheat planting industry, which receives, to be seriously affected, and is passed through to China's agricultural Ji development causes certain obstruction, in order to improve the quality and yield of wheat, first has to take accordingly pest and disease damage problem Measure, it is general by being manually observed and handling to Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests in the prior art, it is time-consuming and laborious, and be difficult to arrive in real time Position, while cannot suit the remedy to the case to the wheat of pest and disease damage, treatment effect is bad, therefore, designs a kind of Internet-based Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method is necessary.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control methods Internet-based, to solve above-mentioned background The problem of being proposed in technology.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based includes the following steps: step 1, equipment installation and tune Examination;Step 2, pest and disease damage prediction;Step 3, pest diagnosis;Step 4, pest and disease damage solve;
Wherein in above-mentioned step one, it is respectively mounted camera in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre, while to be checked Plot side installation air, soil, CO2 and the illumination inductive pick-up of survey, pass through connecting line and meter for camera and sensor The connection of calculation machine, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storing wheat by pest and disease damage on computers check that equipment can be normal Operating carries out parameter adjustment, and initiation parameter is arranged;
Wherein in above-mentioned step two, by the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, sensed using high performance CCD Device carries out intelligent candid to the different shape on wheat, the wheat photo of shooting is passed in conjunction with the image processing techniques of accurate photocontrol Computer is passed, symptom picture when with the wheat on computer by pest and disease damage compares, and it is long-term to grasp dynamic in real time, it does Good pest and disease damage prediction;
It is artificial compared with the symptom picture on computer when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat wherein in above-mentioned step three Judge which kind of disease wheat has occurred, record preservation is carried out to pest and disease damage dynamic, while passing through air, soil, CO2 and illumination sense Inductive sensing device carries out intelligent-induction to the air in plot to be detected, soil, CO2 and illumination and passes data to computer, The rule and factor that harm occurs are searched in analysis;
Wherein in above-mentioned step four, for the type of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests, pesticidal chemical appropriate is selected, disease pest is specified Evil is sprayed in positions, the emphasis such as the distribution more particularly to stem of wheat plant, blade and fringe.
According to the above technical scheme, in the step 1, wheat by the main Types of pest and disease damage be aphid, banded sclerotial blight and Stripe rust is the main infringement region of aphid at positions such as the stems, blade and fringe of wheat, is manifested initially by the spot of yellow, Gradually development expands, and forms withered lines, eventually leads to the withered of entire plant, wheat sharp eyespot is mainly since line is withered Caused by germ infection, it is mainly shown as that rhizome rots and plant is withered, is extremely serious Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests.When plant seedling Afterwards, grey in leaf sheath appearance, there are the water stain speckle of dirty-green, stripe rust of wheat mostly occurs in blade, stem and connects blade Fringe portion position is mainly shown as that chlorisis macula lutea occurs in plant, and gradually forms pink colour bacterium heap, eventually becomes the sorus of black.
According to the above technical scheme, the camera bottom installed among plot to be detected in the step 1 and servo The output end of motor connects, and servo motor drives camera rotation.
According to the above technical scheme, in the step 4, the selection of pesticide and insecticide will not only consider to pest and disease damage Control efficiency avoids environmental pollution more importantly reducing medicament residue, pays attention to the sprinkling for controlling pesticide and insecticide Amount, it is unsuitable excessive or very few.
It according to the above technical scheme, can not be by being stored on computer when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat in the step 3 Disease picture when comparing judgement, scanned for by computer and discussed with related personnel, obtained disease and solve Method.
According to the above technical scheme, in the step 3, by inductive pick-up to the temperature and humidity of air, to soil Temperature, humidity and the soil moisture content of earth, are collected CO2 concentration and intensity of illumination data.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: being respectively mounted camera shooting in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre Head, while air, soil, CO2 and illumination inductive pick-up being installed in plot side to be detected, camera and sensor are led to It crosses connecting line to connect with computer, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storing wheat by pest and disease damage on computers checks Equipment can run well, and carry out parameter adjustment, and initiation parameter is arranged;By the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, adopt Intelligent candid is carried out to the different shape on wheat in conjunction with the image processing techniques of accurate photocontrol with high performance CCD sensor, it will The wheat photo of shooting passes to computer, and symptom picture when with the wheat on computer by pest and disease damage compares, long Phase grasps dynamic in real time, carries out pest and disease damage prediction;When pest and disease damage occurs for wheat, compared with the symptom picture on computer Which kind of disease artificial judgment wheat has occurred, and carries out record preservation to pest and disease damage dynamic, while passing through air, soil, CO2 and light Intelligent-induction is carried out to the air in plot to be detected, soil, CO2 and illumination according to inductive pick-up and passes data to calculating The rule and factor that harm occurs are searched in machine, analysis;For the type of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests, pesticidal chemical appropriate is selected, it is clear Pest and disease damage is sprayed in positions, the emphasis such as the distribution more particularly to stem of wheat plant, blade and fringe;The present invention, by taking the photograph As head and computer match, wheat is observed in real time, it is time saving and energy saving compared to artificial, can the wheat to pest and disease damage carry out pair Disease prescribe medicine, high treating effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow chart of the method for the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:
A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based includes the following steps: step 1, equipment installation and tune Examination;Step 2, pest and disease damage prediction;Step 3, pest diagnosis;Step 4, pest and disease damage solve;
Wherein in above-mentioned step one, it is respectively mounted camera in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre, while to be checked Plot side installation air, soil, CO2 and the illumination inductive pick-up of survey, pass through connecting line and meter for camera and sensor The connection of calculation machine, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storing wheat by pest and disease damage on computers check that equipment can be normal Operating carries out parameter adjustment, and initiation parameter is arranged;
Wherein in above-mentioned step two, by the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, sensed using high performance CCD Device carries out intelligent candid to the different shape on wheat, the wheat photo of shooting is passed in conjunction with the image processing techniques of accurate photocontrol Computer is passed, symptom picture when with the wheat on computer by pest and disease damage compares, and it is long-term to grasp dynamic in real time, it does Good pest and disease damage prediction;
It is artificial compared with the symptom picture on computer when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat wherein in above-mentioned step three Judge which kind of disease wheat has occurred, record preservation is carried out to pest and disease damage dynamic, while passing through air, soil, CO2 and illumination sense Inductive sensing device carries out intelligent-induction to the air in plot to be detected, soil, CO2 and illumination and passes data to computer, The rule and factor that harm occurs are searched in analysis;
Wherein in above-mentioned step four, for the type of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests, pesticidal chemical appropriate is selected, disease pest is specified Evil is sprayed in positions, the emphasis such as the distribution more particularly to stem of wheat plant, blade and fringe.
According to the above technical scheme, in step 1, wheat is aphid, banded sclerotial blight and item rust by the main Types of pest and disease damage Disease is the main infringement region of aphid at positions such as the stems, blade and fringe of wheat, is manifested initially by the spot of yellow, gradually Development expands, and forms withered lines, eventually leads to the withered of entire plant, wheat sharp eyespot is mainly due to sheath blight fungus Caused by infection, it is mainly shown as that rhizome rots and plant is withered, is extremely serious Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests.After plant seedling, Grey in the appearance of its leaf sheath, for blade there are the water stain speckle of dirty-green, stripe rust of wheat mostly occurs in blade, stem and scion portion Position, is mainly shown as that chlorisis macula lutea occurs in plant, and gradually form pink colour bacterium heap, eventually becomes the sorus of black.
According to the above technical scheme, the camera bottom installed among plot to be detected in step 1 and servo motor Output end connection, servo motor drive camera rotation.
According to the above technical scheme, in step 4, the selection of pesticide and insecticide will not only consider the prevention and treatment to pest and disease damage Effect avoids environmental pollution more importantly reducing medicament residue, pays attention to the fountain height for controlling pesticide and insecticide, It is unsuitable excessive or very few.
It according to the above technical scheme, can not be by the disease that is stored on computer when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat in step 3 It when evil picture compares judgement, is scanned for by computer and is discussed with related personnel, obtain disease solution.
According to the above technical scheme, in step 3, by inductive pick-up to the temperature and humidity of air, to soil Temperature, humidity and soil moisture content are collected CO2 concentration and intensity of illumination data.
Based on above-mentioned, it is an advantage of the current invention that camera is respectively mounted in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre, while Plot side installation air, soil, CO2 and illumination inductive pick-up to be detected, pass through connecting line for camera and sensor It is connect with computer, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storing wheat by pest and disease damage on computers, checks that equipment can It runs well, carries out parameter adjustment, initiation parameter is set;By the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, using high-performance Ccd sensor carries out intelligent candid to the different shape on wheat, by the small of shooting in conjunction with the image processing techniques of accurate photocontrol Wheat photo passes to computer, and symptom picture when with the wheat on computer by pest and disease damage compares, long-term to grasp in fact When dynamic, carry out pest and disease damage prediction;When pest and disease damage occurs for wheat, the artificial judgment compared with the symptom picture on computer Which kind of disease wheat has occurred, and carries out record preservation to pest and disease damage dynamic, while passing by air, soil, CO2 and illumination induction Sensor carries out intelligent-induction to the air in plot to be detected, soil, CO2 and illumination and passes data to computer, analyzes Search rule and factor that harm occurs;For the type of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests, pesticidal chemical appropriate is selected, pest and disease damage is specified and exists Positions, the emphasis such as the distribution more particularly to stem of wheat plant, blade and fringe are sprayed;The present invention passes through camera and meter Calculation machine matches, and is observed in real time wheat, time saving and energy saving compared to artificial, can suit the remedy to the case to the wheat of pest and disease damage, High treating effect.
It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based, includes the following steps: step 1, equipment installation and debugging; Step 2, pest and disease damage prediction;Step 3, pest diagnosis;Step 4, pest and disease damage solve;It is characterized by:
Wherein in above-mentioned step one, it is respectively mounted camera in plot quadrangle to be detected and centre, while to be detected Air, soil, CO2 and illumination inductive pick-up are installed in plot side, and camera and sensor are passed through connecting line and computer Connection, the symptom picture of plant and blade when storing wheat by pest and disease damage on computers check that equipment can run well, Parameter adjustment is carried out, initiation parameter is set;
Wherein in above-mentioned step two, by the symptom of camera real-time detection wheat, using high performance CCD sensor, knot The image processing techniques for closing accurate photocontrol carries out intelligent candid to the different shape on wheat, the wheat photo of shooting is passed to Symptom picture when wheat on computer, with computer is by pest and disease damage compares, long-term to grasp dynamic in real time, carries out disease Prediction of pest attack forecast;
Wherein in above-mentioned step three, when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat, the artificial judgment compared with the symptom picture on computer Which kind of disease wheat has occurred, and carries out record preservation to pest and disease damage dynamic, while passing by air, soil, CO2 and illumination induction Sensor carries out intelligent-induction to the air in plot to be detected, soil, CO2 and illumination and passes data to computer, analyzes Search rule and factor that harm occurs;
Wherein in above-mentioned step four, for the type of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests, pesticidal chemical appropriate is selected, pest and disease damage is specified and exists Positions, the emphasis such as the distribution more particularly to stem of wheat plant, blade and fringe are sprayed.
2. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step In rapid one, wheat is aphid, banded sclerotial blight and stripe rust by the main Types of pest and disease damage, in the stem, blade and fringe etc. of wheat Position is the main infringement region of aphid, is manifested initially by the spot of yellow, and gradually development expands, and forms withered lines, The withered of entire plant is eventually led to, wheat sharp eyespot mainly due to caused by sheath blight fungus infection, is mainly shown as rhizome It rots and plant is withered, be extremely serious Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests.After plant seedling, grey in leaf sheath appearance, blade exists There is the water stain speckle of dirty-green, stripe rust of wheat mostly occurs in blade, stem and scion position, is mainly shown as that chlorisis occurs in plant Macula lutea, and pink colour bacterium heap is gradually formed, eventually become the sorus of black.
3. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step In rapid one, the output end of the camera bottom and servo motor installed among plot to be detected is connected, and servo motor drive is taken the photograph As head rotates.
4. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step In rapid four, the selection of pesticide and insecticide will not only consider the control efficiency to pest and disease damage, more importantly it is residual to reduce drug It stays, avoids environmental pollution, pay attention to the fountain height for controlling pesticide and insecticide, it is unsuitable excessive or very few.
5. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step In rapid three, when can not compare judgement by the disease picture stored on computer when pest and disease damage occurs for wheat, pass through meter Calculation machine is scanned for and is discussed with related personnel, obtains disease solution.
6. a kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step In in rapid three, by inductive pick-up to the temperature and humidity of air, to the temperature, humidity and soil moisture content of soil, to CO2 concentration and Intensity of illumination data are collected.
CN201910215044.9A 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 A kind of Wheat Diseases And Insect Pests control method Internet-based Pending CN109769606A (en)

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Application publication date: 20190521