CN109764546A - A kind of control method of energy resource system - Google Patents

A kind of control method of energy resource system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109764546A
CN109764546A CN201910018755.7A CN201910018755A CN109764546A CN 109764546 A CN109764546 A CN 109764546A CN 201910018755 A CN201910018755 A CN 201910018755A CN 109764546 A CN109764546 A CN 109764546A
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China
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heat
water heater
energy
heat exchanger
temperature
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CN201910018755.7A
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CN109764546B (en
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于洋
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
Haier Zhijia Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of control methods of energy resource system, belong to field of energy-saving technology.This method is for controlling an energy resource system, and the energy resource system includes that multiple heat resource equipments, multiple middle heat exchangers and multiple water heaters, the heat resource equipment include condenser, and the water heater is internally provided with terminal heat exchanger;It the described method comprises the following steps: obtaining the target temperature and actual temperature of each water heater;According to the target temperature of the water heater, control the water heater in middle heat exchanger high-temperature heat-exchanging or cryogenic heat exchanger exchange heat;According to the difference of the target temperature of the water heater and actual temperature, the time that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat is controlled.Using the alternative embodiment, the collection and scheduling to discarded energy are realized, supply other equipment use, and reduce energy consumption and waste, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

A kind of control method of energy resource system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of energy-saving technology, in particular to a kind of control method of energy resource system.
Background technique
In general home environment, can there are many household electrical appliance, and a plurality of types of household electrical appliance often have it is different Function, and all refer to the conversion of heat.For example, outdoor unit simultaneously can dissipate heat, together when air conditioner room unit freezes Sample, water heater are also required to consumption electric energy or dissipate heat when freezing, and on the other hand, water heater is needed hot water heating, Also electric energy can be consumed;When winter, air-conditioning needs to heat, and can also discharge a part of cooling capacity.Some need heat, some distribute Heat, some need refrigeration, some distribute cooling capacity, therefore, cause great energy waste.
The heat how air conditioner of heat resource equipment such as refrigerator, refrigeration mode distributed carries out United Dispatching, is hot water Device provides heat, reduces energy consumption and waste, realizes energy-saving and emission-reduction, is current urgent problem to be solved.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of control methods of energy resource system.For some aspects of the embodiment to disclosure There is a basic understanding, simple summary is shown below.The summarized section is not extensive overview, nor to determine pass Key/important composition element or the protection scope for describing these embodiments.Its sole purpose is some general with the presentation of simple form It reads, in this, as the preamble of following detailed description.
According to a first aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, a kind of control method of energy resource system is provided.
In some optional embodiments, for the method for controlling an energy resource system, the energy resource system includes multiple heat Source device, multiple middle heat exchangers and multiple water heaters, the heat resource equipment include condenser, and the water heater is internally provided with Terminal heat exchanger;The middle heat exchanger includes a heat absorbing end and multiple release end of heat, and the heat absorbing end of the middle heat exchanger connects It is connected to the condenser of the heat resource equipment, multiple release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger are connected respectively to the end of different water heaters Heat exchanger is held, the heat absorbing end of the middle heat exchanger is provided with heat absorption valve, multiple release end of heat difference of the middle heat exchanger It is provided with heat release valve;The middle heat exchanger includes at least one high-temperature heat-exchanging and at least one cryogenic heat exchanger, described The terminal heat exchanger of water heater is connected to a high-temperature heat-exchanging and a cryogenic heat exchanger;It the described method comprises the following steps: Obtain the target temperature and actual temperature of each water heater;According to the target temperature of the water heater, control the water heater with High-temperature heat-exchanging or cryogenic heat exchanger in middle heat exchanger exchange heat;According to the target temperature and reality of the water heater The difference of temperature controls the time that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat.
Optionally, the method also includes: obtain the quantity for the water heater being currently running;According to the water heater being currently running Quantity, control the water heater and exchange heat with the middle heat exchanger timesharing.
Optionally, the quantity for the water heater that the basis is currently running controls the water heater and the middle heat exchanger The step of timesharing is exchanged heat, comprising: when the quantity for the water heater being currently running be less than preset value when, control the water heater with The full-time connection of middle heat exchanger.
Optionally, the quantity for the water heater that the basis is currently running controls the water heater and the middle heat exchanger The step of timesharing is exchanged heat, comprising: when the quantity for the water heater being currently running be greater than preset value when, control the water heater with The middle heat exchanger timesharing is connected.
Optionally, it is described when the quantity for the water heater being currently running be greater than preset value when, control the water heater with it is described The step of middle heat exchanger timesharing is connected, comprising: all water heaters are using single-entry single-out switch mode and the middle transition heat Device carries out cycle heat exchange.
Optionally, the method also includes: according to the quantity for the water heater being currently running and the target of each water heater The difference of temperature and actual temperature, the quantity for the water heater that control exchanges heat with the middle heat exchanger simultaneously.
Optionally, the method also includes: according to the quantity for the water heater being currently running and the target of each water heater The difference of temperature and actual temperature controls the time that each water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat.
Optionally, the time that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heatWherein, K is proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target temperature of the water heater and the difference of actual temperature, Δ TavFor the target temperature of each water heater The average value of the difference of degree and actual temperature, tbaseFor benchmark service time.
Optionally, the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to be currently running water heater quantity setting.
Optionally, the Δ TnThe difference for subtracting actual temperature for target temperature, as Δ TnWhen≤0, which stops and institute Middle heat exchanger is stated to exchange heat.
Technical solution provided in an embodiment of the present invention can include the following benefits:
The collection and scheduling to discarded energy are realized, supply other equipment use, and reduce energy consumption and waste, realize Energy-saving and emission-reduction.
It should be understood that above general description and following detailed description be only it is exemplary and explanatory, not It can the limitation present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings herein are incorporated into the specification and forms part of this specification, and shows and meets implementation of the invention Example, and be used to explain the principle of the present invention together with specification.
Fig. 1 is a kind of block diagram of energy resource system shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a kind of flow diagram of the control method of energy resource system shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 a is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 b is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 c is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 d is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 e is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 f is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 g is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 a is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 b is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 c is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 d is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 e is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 f is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 g is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 h is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment.
Specific embodiment
The following description and drawings fully show specific embodiments of the present invention, to enable those skilled in the art to Practice them.Other embodiments may include structure, logic, it is electrical, process and other change.Embodiment Only represent possible variation.Unless explicitly requested, otherwise individual components and functionality is optional, and the sequence operated can be with Variation.The part of some embodiments and feature can be included in or replace part and the feature of other embodiments.This hair The range of bright embodiment includes equivalent obtained by the entire scope of claims and all of claims Object.Herein, each embodiment individually or can be indicated generally with term " invention ", and it is convenient that this is used for the purpose of, And if in fact disclosing the invention more than one, the range for being not meant to automatically limit the application is any single invention Or inventive concept.Herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like be used only for by an entity or operation with Another entity or operation distinguish, and without requiring or implying, there are any actual relationships between these entities or operation Or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or any other variant thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion, thus So that process, method or equipment including a series of elements not only include those elements, but also including being not explicitly listed Other element, or further include for this process, method or the intrinsic element of equipment.In the feelings not limited more Under condition, the element that is limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that in process, method or equipment including the element In there is also other identical elements.Each embodiment herein is described in a progressive manner, and each embodiment stresses Be the difference from other embodiments, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For implementing For method, product etc. disclosed in example, since it is corresponding with method part disclosed in embodiment, so the comparison of description is simple Single, reference may be made to the description of the method.
Fig. 1 shows an alternative embodiment of energy resource system.
In the alternative embodiment, the energy resource system includes multiple heat resource equipments, multiple middle heat exchangers and multiple hot water Device, heat resource equipment include condenser, and the water heater is internally provided with terminal heat exchanger;The middle heat exchanger includes a suction Hot end and multiple release end of heat, the heat absorbing end of the middle heat exchanger are connected to the condenser of the heat resource equipment, the middle conversion Multiple release end of heat of hot device are connected respectively to the terminal heat exchanger of different water heaters, the heat absorbing end setting of the middle heat exchanger There is heat absorption valve, multiple release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger are respectively arranged with heat release valve;The middle heat exchanger includes extremely A few high-temperature heat-exchanging and at least one cryogenic heat exchanger, the terminal heat exchanger of the water heater are connected to a high temperature heat exchange Device and a cryogenic heat exchanger.
Fig. 2 shows an alternative embodiments of the control method of above-mentioned energy resource system.
In the alternative embodiment, the control method obtains the target temperature of each water heater the following steps are included: step 11 Degree and actual temperature;Step 12, according to the target temperature of water heater, the high-temperature heat-exchanging in water heater and middle heat exchanger is controlled Or cryogenic heat exchanger exchanges heat;Step 13, according to the difference of the target temperature of the water heater and actual temperature, control should The time that water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat.
According to the target temperature of the water heater, selection and high-temperature heat-exchanging or low-temperature heat exchange similar in the target temperature Device exchanges heat, such as the target temperature of water heater is higher, then controls water heater and exchange heat with high-temperature heat-exchanging.It is for example hot again The target temperature of hydrophone is lower, then controls water heater and exchange heat with cryogenic heat exchanger.It, can be more smart using the alternative embodiment The water temperature of water heater is controlled quasi-ly.
Using the alternative embodiment, according to target temperature and the difference controlling terminal heat exchanger of actual temperature and the transfer The time that heat exchanger exchanges heat, the temperature difference is big, then heat-exchange time is long, and the temperature difference is small, then heat-exchange time is short, and each water heater can be equal Even heating or cooling guarantee the usage experience of user.
Optionally, the energy resource system is as unit of family, or as unit of entire unit building, alternatively, with entire small Area is unit, alternatively, as unit of some region.
Optionally, the heat resource equipment is refrigerator, and the condenser of refrigerator is connected to the end of water heater by middle heat exchanger Hold heat exchanger.
Optionally, it is air conditioner under refrigeration mode that the heat source is hot standby, and the condenser of air conditioner passes through middle heat exchanger It is connected to the terminal heat exchanger of the water heater.
Optionally, the target temperature is preset temperature set by user.
Using the alternative embodiment, according to heat exchanger heat release valve in the control of the difference of target temperature and actual temperature Service time, the temperature difference is big, then service time is long, and the temperature difference is small, then service time is short, and each water heater uniformly can heat up or drop Temperature guarantees the usage experience of user.
For example, the water heater needs more when the target temperature of one of water heater and the actual temperature temperature difference are larger Heat exchange, the heat release valve service time for controlling the middle heat exchanger of the water heater is longer, to guarantee that it is very fast that temperature is adjusted.
For another example when the target temperature of one of water heater and the actual temperature temperature difference it is smaller when, the water heater need compared with Few heat exchange, the heat release valve service time for controlling the middle heat exchanger of the water heater is shorter, to guarantee each water heater Temperature adjustment speed is uniform.
Optionally, the actual temperature passes through the temperature sensor being arranged in the water heater and obtains.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: obtain the quantity for the water heater being currently running;According to just In the quantity of the water heater of operation, controls the water heater and exchange heat with the middle heat exchanger timesharing.
It is open-minded using timesharing after the quantity for the water heater being currently running reaches certain numerical value using the alternative embodiment The water heater that is connected with middle heat exchanger of method control made each with guaranteeing the supply of medium in heat resource equipment condenser Water heater uniformly can heat up or cool down.
Optionally, the quantity for the water heater that the basis is currently running controls the water heater and the middle heat exchanger The step of timesharing is exchanged heat, comprising: when the quantity for the water heater being currently running be less than preset value when, the water heater with it is described The middle full-time connection of heat exchanger;When the quantity for the water heater being currently running be greater than preset value when, control the water heater with it is described Middle heat exchanger timesharing is connected.
For example, controlling the middle conversion being connected with water heater when the quantity for the water heater being currently running is less than preset value The heat release valve of hot device is full-time open-minded;When the quantity for the water heater being currently running is greater than preset value, control is connected with water heater The heat release valve timesharing of the middle heat exchanger connect is open-minded.
Full-time open of the heat release valve of middle heat exchanger does not imply that heat release valve is open-minded always, and refers to heat release valve It opens or the turn-off time can be unrestricted.
Using the alternative embodiment, the capacity of condenser can be optimized, supplied by the lesser condenser of capacity more Water heater working.For example, the water heater quantity that condenser can be supplied simultaneously is 10, when the water heater quantity being currently running is At 15, in a period, the water heater quantity that control exchanges heat with middle heat exchanger is 10, the side opened using timesharing Method controls the water heater being connected with middle heat exchanger, the uniform heat exchange of multiple water heaters is realized, to guarantee medium in condenser Supply, so that each water heater is uniformly heated up or is cooled down.
Optionally, when the quantity for the water heater being currently running is greater than preset value, using single-entry single-out switch mode control The water heater making the water heater of access and exiting, all water heaters are using single-entry single-out switch mode and the middle heat exchanger Carry out cycle heat exchange.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: according to the quantity and heat of the water heater being currently running The target temperature of hydrophone and the difference of actual temperature, the number for the water heater that control exchanges heat with the middle heat exchanger simultaneously Amount.
Using the alternative embodiment, it is ensured that the reasonable supply of medium in condenser guarantees the stable operation of system.
For example, biggish water heater is differed with actual temperature for target temperature, compared to target temperature and actual temperature Lesser water heater is differed, needs more to be exchanged heat with the middle heat exchanger, therefore, the difference of target temperature and actual temperature Value is the important evidence of the control middle heat exchanger access water heater quantity.For example, for target temperature and actual temperature phase The biggish water heater of difference, separate unit water heater needs are more exchanged heat, and therefore, heat exchanger accesses above-mentioned hot water simultaneously in control The quantity of device prevents the situation of medium insufficient supply in condenser.For another example being differed for target temperature with actual temperature Lesser water heater, separate unit water heater need to carry out less heat exchange, and therefore, middle heat exchanger can access a greater number simultaneously Above-mentioned water heater.
For another example middle heat exchanger exchanges heat with 20 water heaters altogether, wherein target temperature differs 20 with actual temperature DEG C or more water heater 5, target temperature differs 10 DEG C water heater 10 below with actual temperature, control simultaneously with middle conversion The water heater quantity of hot device heat exchange is 10, wherein 10 water heaters are all that target temperature differs 10 DEG C or less with actual temperature; Or control simultaneously with middle heat exchanger heat exchange water heater number be 8, wherein target temperature differed with actual temperature 10 DEG C with Under water heater quantity be 6 and target temperature 20 DEG C or more of water heater quantity is differed with actual temperature is 2;Alternatively, Control is simultaneously 5 with the water heater quantity of middle heat exchanger heat exchange, wherein 5 water heaters are all target temperature and practical temperature 20 DEG C of degree difference or more.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: according to the quantity and heat of the water heater being currently running The difference of hydrophone target temperature and actual temperature controls the time that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat.
Optionally, when target temperature is higher than actual temperature, firstly, according to the target temperature of water heater, control water heater with High-temperature heat-exchanging or cryogenic heat exchanger in middle heat exchanger exchange heat, then, according to the target temperature and reality of water heater The difference of border temperature controls the service time of the middle heat exchanger heat release valve of the water heater;When target temperature is lower than practical temperature Degree, the middle heat exchanger heat release valve for controlling the water heater are closed.
Using the alternative embodiment, each water heater is not identical as the heat-exchange time of middle heat exchanger, for target temperature Degree and the biggish water heater of the actual temperature temperature difference, the service time for controlling the middle heat exchanger heat release valve of the water heater are longer; For target temperature and the lesser water heater of the actual temperature temperature difference, the open-minded of the middle heat exchanger heat release valve of the water heater is controlled Time is shorter.
Optionally, the time that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heatWherein, K is proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target temperature of the water heater and the difference of actual temperature, Δ TavFor the water heater that is currently running The average value of the difference of target temperature and actual temperature, tbaseFor benchmark service time.
For water heater, Δ TnThe difference for subtracting actual temperature for target temperature, as Δ TnWhen < 0, which stops in Heat exchanger exchanges heat.
Optionally, the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to be currently running water heater quantity setting.Optionally, just It is fewer in the quantity of the water heater of operation, the benchmark service time tbaseLonger, the quantity for the water heater being currently running is more, The benchmark service time tbaseIt is shorter.
Herein, temperature equipment refers to bring the temperature of itself or environment is changed to set when equipment work It is standby, e.g., refrigerator, air conditioner, air energy compressor, solar energy heating temperature equipment, mobile robot heat release charger, hot water Device, heating temperature equipment, heating device, compressor, the cold temperature equipment of collection, refrigerator-freezer.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 a to Fig. 3 g, illustrate a kind of energy stores station of the embodiment of the present invention.
Energy stores station 10, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is for absorbing the tune that can generate corresponding energy The energy of warm equipment (absorption edge temperature equipment 1011), energy release end 102 are used to (release to the temperature equipment of the corresponding energy of needs Put end temperature equipment 1021) it releases energy.
The concrete form at energy stores station 10 does not limit, and major function is storage energy, in have can store energy The energy-accumulation material of amount, and guarantee 10 adiabatic heat-insulation of energy storage sites.Energy stores station 10 can be an adiabatic heat-insulation Cabinet, it is interior to fill energy-accumulation material.It is also possible to dig on the ground storage pool, the inner wall of storage pool is insulated Isothermal holding.
The energy stores station of the embodiment of the present invention can be applied to single family, also can be applied to a cell or society Area.Application scenarios are different, and the quantity of temperature equipment is different, and the memory capacity at energy stores station 10 is different.Such as, it is applying single When in home scenarios, the limited amount of temperature equipment does not exceed 10 under normal circumstances.It is applying in cell, even more greatly Community in when, the quantity of external temperature equipment is just very huge, and the energy stores amount at energy stores station 10 just needs very at this time Greatly.As long as energy stores station has in application, determining according to actual conditions.
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, the energy of storage, can be with according to the reflected temperature of energy institute It is divided into heat and cooling capacity, therefore, heat and cooling capacity are opposite concepts, are divided i.e. according to the boundary (e.g., temperature limit) of setting It can.Therefore, in an alternative embodiment, the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention can be heat storage device (heat Measure storage sites) 11, it is also possible to cooling capacity storage device (cooling capacity storage sites) 12, or deposit including heat storage device 11 and cooling capacity Storage device 12.
The energy absorption end 101 of heat storage device 11 is heat absorption end 111, can generate heat for absorbing The heat of first temperature equipment 1111, energy release end 102 is heat release end 112, for needing the second of heat to adjust Warm equipment 1121 discharges heat.Such as, air-conditioner outdoor unit, air when the first temperature equipment can be refrigerator, air conditioner refrigerating can press Contracting machine, solar energy heating temperature equipment, mobile robot heat release charger etc..Second temperature equipment can be water heater, heating Air-conditioning, heating temperature equipment, heating device etc..
The energy absorption end 101 of cooling capacity storage device 12 is cold absorption end 121 (that is, heat release end), for inhaling The cooling capacity that can generate the third temperature equipment 1211 of cooling capacity is received, energy release end 102 is cooling capacity release end 122 (that is, heat Absorption edge), for 1221 released cold quantity of the 4th temperature equipment for needing cooling capacity.Such as, third temperature equipment can be air-conditioning system Air-conditioner outdoor unit when hot, compressor, the cold temperature equipment of collection etc..4th temperature equipment can be refrigerator, refrigerator-freezer, refrigeration air-conditioner Deng.
The energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention may include one or more heat storage devices 11, and, one Or multiple cooling capacity storage devices 12.As shown in Figure 3b, a kind of energy stores station, including a heat storage device 11 and one it is cold Measure storage device 12.Specific setting number and type are determined according to the application scenarios of setting.
In the embodiment of the present invention, following energy stores stations 10 can refer to heat storage device when not doing specified otherwise 11, it can also refer to cooling capacity storage device 12.When heat storage device 11 is made at energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is heat Absorption edge is measured, energy release end 102 is heat release end.When cooling capacity storage device 12 is made at energy stores station 10, energy absorption End 101 is cold absorption end, and energy release end 102 is cooling capacity release end.
In the embodiment of the present invention, energy stores station 10 can absorb one or absorbs the energy that multiple temperature equipments generate simultaneously Amount, can also release energy to one or simultaneously to multiple temperature equipments, therefore, the practical feelings according to external temperature equipment Condition, energy absorption end 101 can be one or more, energy release end 102 or one or more, specific number foundation Actual conditions determine.
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, energy absorption end 101 can generate corresponding energy for absorbing The energy of temperature equipment 1011 (the first temperature equipment 1111 and third temperature equipment 1211), absorption pattern multiplicity, e.g., utilizes stream When body medium is as carrier, energy absorption end 101 is logical using heat-exchanger rig and the heat-exchanger rig of 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment Pipeline connection is crossed, forms mediation cycle access between energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment.Liquid mediums absorb temperature equipment The energy that side generates, then flows to the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10, and the energy storage material in energy stores station 10 will The energy absorption of the medium at energy absorption end 101 and storage, liquid mediums after releasing energy are changed flowing out to temperature equipment side Thermal absorbs the energy that temperature equipment side generates, so recycles, complete the energy stores at energy stores station 10.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is one or more, each energy Absorption edge 101 is independently arranged.For example, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 includes one (as shown in Figure 3 e) or multiple First heat-exchanger rig (as shown in Figure 3d), the first heat-exchanger rig have inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142 (that is, one group of connecting pipeline 14) group, is connected to by two root canal roads with the heat-exchanger rig of 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment, in temperature equipment, (the first temperature adjustment is set Standby 1111 and third temperature equipment 1211) between energy stores station 10 energy turn is carried out by respective mediation cycle access It changes.For another example, as shown in Figure 3c, energy absorption end 101 is first heat-exchanger rig, and is connected in the liquid feeding end of the first heat-exchanger rig Lead to multiple inlet tubes 141, outlet end is connected to multiple outlet tubes 142.One inlet tube 141 and an outlet tube 142 are used as one Connecting pipeline group 14 constitutes multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged, passes through multiple connecting pipeline group and external temperature equipment The terminal heat-exchanger rig of side is connected to.Adapt to the field that multiple external temperature equipments carry out energy input to energy absorption end 101 simultaneously Scape.It is filled by the way that flow control is arranged at multiple inlet tubes of the liquid feeding end in the first heat-exchanger rig and multiple outlet tubes of outlet end It sets, by the control to each volume control device, it can be achieved that absorbing the energy that one or more temperature equipments generate simultaneously, and The flow for adjusting medium in the mediation cycle pipeline of each temperature equipment realizes different heat exchange efficiencies.Further alternative reality It applies in example, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 can also include multiple terminal heat-exchanger rigs, each terminal heat-exchanger rig With terminal inlet tube and terminal outlet tube, pass through the corresponding outlet tube and inlet tube with the first heat-exchanger rig in two root canal roads respectively Connection.The setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig is in 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment, for absorbing the energy of temperature equipment generation.First changes Thermal and terminal heat-exchanger rig constitute a mediation cycle access, and the energy for generating temperature equipment side is completed by liquid mediums In amount conversion to energy stores station 10.Wherein, when energy stores station 10 is heat storage device 11, the setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig exists First temperature equipment, 1111 side.When energy stores station 10 is cooling capacity storage device 12, terminal heat-exchanger rig is arranged in third temperature adjustment 1211 side of equipment.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is multiple, multiple energy absorptions The pipeline at end 101 interconnects.There are many mode interconnected, as long as realizing the heat-exchanger rig and energy absorption of temperature equipment side End 101 may make up mediation cycle access.For example, as illustrated in figure 3f, multiple energy absorption ends 101 pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 are connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out, and the inlet tube 141 at each energy absorption end 101 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 151, The outlet tube 142 at each energy absorption end 101 is connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out.Again by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out Liquid transfer pipeline 152 is used as one group of connecting pipeline group, is connected to by two root canal roads with the terminal heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side, Pass through respective mediation cycle access between temperature equipment (the first temperature equipment and third temperature equipment) and energy stores station 10 Carry out energy conversion.Multiple inlets of multiple energy absorption ends 101 (multiple first heat-exchanger rigs) are connected to, multiple liquid out Mouth connection.By the way that volume control device is arranged at each communication port on feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out liquid transfer pipeline 152, The energy that one or more temperature equipments generate is realized while being absorbed, and can be conveyed to one or more energy absorption ends 101 Energy.
Similarly, energy release end 102, for releasing energy to the temperature equipment of the corresponding energy of needs.Delivery mode multiplicity, Such as, using liquid mediums as when carrier, energy release end 102 passes through pipeline using the heat-exchanger rig of heat-exchanger rig and equipment side Connection, energy stores station 10 and release end temperature equipment 1021 (the second temperature equipment 1121 and the 4th temperature equipment 1221) it Between formed mediation cycle access.Liquid mediums absorb the energy in the energy-accumulation material at energy stores station 10 in energy release end 102 Amount, then flows to the terminal heat-exchanger rig of 1021 side of release end temperature equipment, and temperature equipment side absorbs the energy in liquid mediums Amount, the liquid mediums after releasing energy flow back into the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 again, so recycle, and complete energy The energy of storage sites 10 discharges.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 is one or more, each energy The pipeline of release end 102 is independently arranged.For example, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 includes one (as shown in Figure 3 e) Or multiple second heat-exchanger rigs (as shown in Figure 3d), each second heat-exchanger rig have inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142 (that is, one Group connecting pipeline group 14), it is connected to by two root canal roads with the terminal heat-exchanger rig of 1021 side of temperature equipment, in temperature equipment (tool Body is the second temperature equipment 1121 and the 4th temperature equipment 1221) and energy stores station 10 between pass through medium independent Circulation path carries out energy conversion.For another example, as shown in Figure 3c, energy release end 102 includes second heat-exchanger rig, and second changes The liquid feeding end of thermal is connected to multiple inlet tubes 141, and outlet end is connected to multiple outlet tubes 142.One inlet tube 141 and one go out Liquid pipe 142 is used as a connecting pipeline group 14, constitutes the connecting pipeline group 14 that multiple groups are independently arranged, is respectively used to and external release Hold the terminal heat-exchanger rig connection of 1021 side of temperature equipment.Adapt to energy release end 102 simultaneously to multiple external temperature equipments into The scene of row energy output.At multiple inlet tubes of the liquid feeding end in the second heat-exchanger rig and multiple outlet tubes of outlet end Volume control device is set, then by the control to each volume control device, it can be achieved that setting simultaneously to one or more temperature adjustments It is standby to release energy, and the flow of medium in the mediation cycle pipeline of each temperature equipment is adjusted, realize different heat exchange efficiencies. In further alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 can also include multiple terminal heat-exchanger rigs, often A terminal heat-exchanger rig has terminal inlet tube and terminal outlet tube, passes through two root canals road correspondence and the second heat-exchanger rig respectively Outlet tube 142 and inlet tube 141 connect.The setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig is generated in temperature equipment side for absorbing temperature equipment Energy.Second heat-exchanger rig and terminal heat-exchanger rig constitute a mediation cycle access, are completed by liquid mediums by energy Energy in storage sites 10 is released to temperature equipment side.Wherein, when energy stores station 10 is heat storage device 11, terminal heat exchange Device is arranged in 1121 side of the second temperature equipment.When energy stores station 10 is cooling capacity storage device 12, the setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig In 1221 side of the 4th temperature equipment.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 is multiple, multiple energy releases End 102 interconnects.There are many mode interconnected, as long as realizing the heat-exchanger rig and energy release end 102 of temperature equipment side It may make up mediation cycle access.For example, as illustrated in figure 3f, multiple energy release ends 102 (multiple second heat-exchanger rigs) are logical Feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 is crossed to be connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out, each energy release end 102 (each second heat-exchanger rig) Inlet tube 141 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 151, the outlet tube of each energy release end 102 (each second heat-exchanger rig) 142 are connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out.It is connected to again with liquid transfer pipeline 152 out as one group by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 Pipeline group is connected to, in temperature equipment (the first temperature equipment and third tune with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side by two root canal roads Warm equipment) and energy stores station 10 between pass through respective mediation cycle access carry out energy conversion.Multiple energy are discharged Hold multiple inlets connection of 102 (multiple second heat-exchanger rigs), multiple liquid outlet connections.By in feed liquor transfer pipeline and out Volume control device is set at each communication port on liquid transfer pipeline, realizes and is released simultaneously by one or more energy release ends 102 Exoergic amount, and can release energy simultaneously to one or more temperature equipments.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the heat exchange dress of the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the use of energy release end 102 It sets, it can be using plate heat exchanger, evaporator, condenser, heat exchange coil etc..
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, the set-up mode of energy absorption end 101 and energy release end 102 can It, can not also be identical with identical.
In an alternative embodiment, the structure at the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and energy release end 102 It is identical.Specifically, energy stores station 10 includes following four specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 3 e, the first energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 are first heat-exchanger rig, pass through one Group connecting pipeline group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Energy release end 102 is second heat-exchanger rig, passes through one Group connecting pipeline group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.That is, the pipeline and energy release end 102 at energy absorption end 101 Pipeline be independently arranged.That is, the energy absorption end 101 at the first energy stores station 10 is first heat-exchanger rig, have One group of independent communication pipeline group, energy release end 102 are second heat-exchanger rig, have one group of independent communication pipeline group, use It is connected in the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.
As illustrated in figure 3f, second of energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 are multiple first heat-exchanger rigs, pass through one The heat-exchanger rig company of group connecting pipeline group (by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out liquid transfer pipeline 152 is constituted) and temperature equipment side It is logical.Energy release end 102 is multiple second heat-exchanger rigs, by one group of connecting pipeline group (by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and liquid out Transfer pipeline 152 is constituted) it is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.That is, the pipeline at multiple energy absorption ends 101 is mutually connected Logical, the pipeline of multiple energy release ends 102 interconnects.That is, the energy absorption end 101 at second of energy stores station 10 is more A, the inlet tube and outlet tube at multiple energy absorption end interconnect, and pass through one group of connecting pipeline group and temperature equipment side Heat-exchanger rig connection.Energy release end 102 be it is multiple, the inlet tube and outlet tube of multiple energy release end interconnect, lead to One group of connecting pipeline group is crossed to be connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.
As shown in Fig. 3 a and Fig. 3 c, the third energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is first heat-exchanger rig, It is connected to by multiple groups connecting pipeline group with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Energy release end 102 is second heat-exchanger rig, It is connected to by multiple groups connecting pipeline group with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Multiple connecting pipelines at one energy absorption end 101 Group is independently arranged, and multiple connecting pipeline groups of an energy release end 102 are independently arranged.That is, the third energy stores station 10 Energy absorption end 101 is one, and with the connecting pipeline group that multiple groups are independently arranged, energy release end 102 is one, has multiple groups The connecting pipeline group being independently arranged.
As shown in Figure 3d, the 4th kind of energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is multiple first heat-exchanger rigs, by every The connecting pipeline group 14 and the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side of a heat-exchanger rig respective inlet tube 141 and the composition of outlet tube 142 Connection.Energy release end 102 is multiple second heat-exchanger rigs, passes through the respective inlet tube 141 of each heat-exchanger rig and outlet tube The 142 connecting pipeline groups 14 constituted are connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.The connecting pipeline group at each energy absorption end 101 It is independently arranged, the connecting pipeline group of each energy release end 102 is independently arranged.That is, the energy absorption at the 4th kind of energy stores station To be multiple, the connecting pipeline group at each energy absorption end 101 is independently arranged at end 101;The energy release end 102 at energy stores station is Multiple, the connecting pipeline group at each energy release end end 102 is independently arranged.
Certainly, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the set-up mode of energy release end 102 can not be identical. The specific set-up mode used is combined according to situation and determines, this is no longer going to repeat them.
In an alternative embodiment, energy stores station 10 further includes multiple volume control devices 13, multiple flow controls Device 13 processed is separately positioned on the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the pipeline of energy release end 102.Flow control Device has the function of adjusting flow, including power effect and throttling action.Wherein, power effect throttles for increasing flow Effect is for reducing flow.In the embodiment for carrying out energy exchange using liquid mediums, volume control device can be power Pump and solenoid valve, alternatively, expansion valve etc..The energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and energy release end 102 pass through pipe respectively Road (inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142) and external temperature equipment carry out energy exchange, that is, a temperature equipment and energy absorption 101 (or energy release ends 102) are held to constitute a mediation cycle pipeline, volume control device setting is opposite in each temperature equipment On the mediation cycle pipeline answered.By the setting of volume control device, the mediation cycle where adjusting respectively can control The flow of medium in pipeline can be adjusted from zero between maximum stream flow, thus control the energy of energy storage station 10 Amount of storage or burst size.In a kind of specific embodiment, volume control device be separately positioned on energy absorption end 101 it is each into The interface and each inlet tube 141 of energy release end 102 of liquid pipe 141 and each outlet tube 142 and connecing for each outlet tube 142 At mouthful.
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of structure at specific energy stores station 10 is provided, as shown in figure 3g, including, one Or multiple accumulation of energy heaps 100, each accumulation of energy heap 100 include Storage Unit 110, are used for storage energy;Absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101, The absorption edge heat-exchanger rig is embedded in the accumulation of energy heap 110;Release end heat-exchanger rig 102, the release end heat-exchanger rig It is embedded in the accumulation of energy heap 110.
In the embodiment of the present invention, Storage Unit 110 can use existing energy-accumulation material, and e.g., fused salt can store heat Amount.There are many type of fused salt, e.g., ceramic matrix fused salt.For another example, ice bag can store cooling capacity.The shape of Storage Unit is unlimited It is fixed, it is determined according to the physical property of energy-accumulation material itself, e.g., when using fused salt, Storage Unit uses rigidity shell, steel Property shell in encapsulate fused salt, and groove is formed on rigidity shell, for being embedded absorption edge heat-exchanger rig and release end heat exchange dress It sets.
Absorption edge heat-exchanger rig, i.e. energy absorption edge 101 can be set one or more absorption edges in each accumulation of energy heap and change Thermal.The connecting pipeline of absorption edge heat-exchanger rig in multiple accumulation of energy heaps can be independently arranged, and can also be interconnected.With reference to Foregoing teachings.
Release end heat-exchanger rig, i.e. energy release end 102 can be set one or more release ends in each accumulation of energy heap and change Thermal.The connecting pipeline of release end heat-exchanger rig in multiple accumulation of energy heaps can be independently arranged, and can also be interconnected.With reference to Foregoing teachings.
Certainly, energy stores station 10 further includes the shell of adiabatic heat-insulation, plays heat preservation heat insulating function, prevents energy loss.
In the present embodiment, absorption edge heat-exchanger rig uses the first heat exchange coil;Release end heat-exchanger rig is using the second heat exchange Coil pipe.Had using coil pipe using the heat exchange area increased with thermal storage unit, improves the efficiency of storage or release.
Further, the first heat exchange coil and the second heat exchange coil are staggered in Storage Unit.
When only having an accumulation of energy heap 100 in the energy stores station 10 of the present embodiment, absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 and release end The connecting pipeline of heat-exchanger rig 102 using it is above-mentioned the first to the 4th kind of energy stores station 10 structure.
When having multiple accumulation of energy heaps 100 in the energy stores station 10 of the present embodiment, the absorption edge in each accumulation of energy heap 100 is changed The connecting pipeline of thermal 101 and release end heat-exchanger rig 102 uses the set-up mode as shown in Fig. 3 e or Fig. 3 f.And it is absorbing End 101 end of heat-exchanger rig is further added by the total inlet tube of setting and main drain pipe, the inlet tube (141 of each absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 Or 151) it is connected to total inlet tube, the outlet tube (142 or 152) of each absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 is connected to main drain pipe. Similarly, the total inlet tube of setting and main drain pipe, each release end heat-exchanger rig are also further added by 102 end of release end heat-exchanger rig 102 inlet tube (141 or 151) is connected to total inlet tube, the outlet tube (142 or 152) of each release end heat-exchanger rig 102 It is connected to main drain pipe.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 4 a to Fig. 4 f, illustrate a kind of middle heat exchanger of the invention, be denoted as heat exchanger 20 in first, wraps It includes: heat absorbing end 201, for being connected to 10/ temperature equipment of energy stores station (e.g., the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature adjustment Equipment 1221);With release end of heat 202, for being connected to temperature equipment (e.g., the second temperature equipment 1121 or third temperature equipment 1211)/energy stores station 10.
Heat exchanger 20 in the first of the embodiment of the present invention accesses between energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment, to energy Energy between storage sites 10 and multiple temperature equipments has converted transfer effect.In practical application, the quantity of temperature equipment is not It is fixed, it can be one, it is also possible to it is two, it is even more;And energy stores station 10 also can have one or more, because This, the heat absorbing end 201 of the middle heat exchanger of the embodiment of the present invention is one or more, and release end of heat 202 is also one or more, real Now turn multichannel all the way, multichannel turns all the way or multichannel turns multichannel, can facilitate and adjust energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment (suction Receiving end temperature equipment 1011 or release end temperature equipment 1021) between energy stores and release, and access is easy to control, According to actual conditions, part of access can be connected and carry out energy exchange.It can also enough simplifying energy stores station and adjusting Connecting pipeline between warm equipment facilitates the layout of pipeline, reduces cost.
In the middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention, when heat absorbing end 201 is connected to energy stores station 10, release end of heat 202 It is connected to temperature equipment, energy stores station 10 supplies heat to temperature equipment by middle heat exchanger 20, is also possible to temperature adjustment and sets It is standby that cooling capacity is supplied to energy stores station by middle heat exchanger 20.When heat absorbing end 201 is connected to temperature equipment, release end of heat 202 It is connected to energy stores station 10, temperature equipment supplies heat to energy stores station 10, is also possible to energy stores station 10 to temperature adjustment Equipment supplies cooling capacity.
In the embodiment of the present invention, heat absorbing end 201, for absorbing energy stores station 10 (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111) Heat, namely the amount of letting cool end (released cold quantity).The specific structure multiplicity of use, e.g., using liquid mediums as carrier, heat absorption End 201 uses the heat exchange of the heat release end 112 (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111) of heat-exchanger rig and 11 side of heat storage sites Device absorbs the heat of 11 side of heat storage sites (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111), fluid by pipeline connection, liquid mediums Medium flows to the heat absorbing end 201, the medium fluid progress heat exchange of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, so that heat be converted To release end of heat 202.Alternatively, heat absorbing end 201 is using the cold absorption end 121 of heat-exchanger rig and cooling capacity storage sites 12 (alternatively, the 4th Temperature equipment 1221) heat-exchanger rig by pipeline connection, at this point, heat absorbing end 201 can be understood as released cold quantity end 201, stream Body medium absorbs the heat (absorbing heat, i.e. released cold quantity) of 12 side of cooling capacity storage sites (alternatively, the 4th temperature equipment 1221), stream Body medium flows to the heat absorbing end 201, the medium fluid progress heat exchange of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, so that heat be turned Shift to release end of heat 202.
Similarly, release end of heat 202 are used to discharge heat to energy stores station 10 (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121), namely Absorb cooling capacity end (absorbing cooling capacity).The specific structure multiplicity of use, e.g., using liquid mediums as carrier, release end of heat 202 is used Heat-exchanger rig and the heat-exchanger rig at the heat absorption end 111 (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121) of 11 side of heat storage sites pass through Pipeline connection, liquid mediums absorb the heat of 11 side of heat storage sites (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121), liquid mediums flowing To the release end of heat 202, the medium fluid of release end of heat 202 and heat absorbing end 201 carries out heat exchange, to converting heat to heat absorbing end 201.Alternatively, release end of heat 202 is using the cooling capacity release end 122 of heat-exchanger rig and cooling capacity storage sites 12 (alternatively, third temperature equipment 1211) heat-exchanger rig is released by pipeline connection, liquid mediums to 12 side of cooling capacity storage sites (alternatively, third temperature equipment 1211) Thermal discharge (release heat, i.e. absorption cooling capacity), liquid mediums flow to the release end of heat 202, release end of heat 202 and heat absorbing end 201 Medium fluid carries out heat exchange, to converting heat to heat absorbing end 201.
That is, when by transfer heat exchanger applications to cooling capacity storage device, the inverse mistake of the transmitting of heat in middle heat exchanger 20 Journey is cooling capacity transmitting, that is, heat absorption is released cold quantity.
In an alternative embodiment, heat absorbing end 201 specifically use heat-exchanger rig, e.g., plate heat exchanger, evaporator or Person's heat exchange coil etc..Release end of heat 202 is specifically using heat-exchanger rig, e.g., plate heat exchanger, condenser, alternatively, heat exchange coil etc..
In the first of the embodiment of the present invention in heat exchanger 20, the number of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, and, heat absorption The setting of the external connecting pipeline group of end 201 and release end of heat 202, according to connection side (energy stores station side and temperature equipment side) The quantity (can participate in the content hereinafter with regard to energy storage portion) of the connecting pipeline group of heat-exchanger rig determines.
In an alternative embodiment, in the first of the embodiment of the present invention heat exchanger 20 heat absorbing end 201 be one or Multiple, the pipeline of each heat absorbing end 201 is independently arranged.For example, heat absorbing end 201 includes one (such as Fig. 4 a, Fig. 4 b and Fig. 4 f institute Show) or multiple (release end of heat 202 of the middle heat exchanger 20 of d referring to fig. 4) third heat-exchanger rigs, each third heat-exchanger rig have Have inlet tube 211 and outlet tube 212 (that is, one group of connecting pipeline group 21), by two pipelines and energy stores station 10 (alternatively, First temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221) side heat-exchanger rig connection, using liquid mediums by energy stores Stand 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221) sides heat transfer to heat absorbing end 201.That is, Each third heat-exchanger rig is independently with energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221) it is connected to.For another example, as shown in Fig. 4 c, Fig. 4 e, heat absorbing end 201 is a third heat-exchanger rig, and in third heat-exchanger rig Liquid feeding end is connected to multiple inlet tubes 211, and outlet end is connected to multiple outlet tubes 212.One inlet tube 211 and an outlet tube 222 As a connecting pipeline group 21, constitute multiple independent connecting pipeline groups, by multiple independent communication pipeline group respectively with The third heat-exchanger rig of external temperature equipment side is connected to.
In another alternative embodiment, heat absorbing end 201 is multiple, and the pipeline of multiple heat absorbing ends 201 interconnects.Mutually There are many mode of connection, if realize can multiple heat absorbing ends with energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or The 4th temperature equipment 1221 of person) connection.For example, as shown in figure 4d, multiple heat absorbing ends 201 pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 221 Liquid transfer pipeline 222 is connected to out, and the inlet tube 211 of each heat absorbing end 201 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 221, each suction The outlet tube 212 in hot end 201 is connected to liquid transfer pipeline 222 out.Pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 221 and out liquid transfer pipeline again 222 are used as one group of connecting pipeline group, by two root canal roads and energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the Four temperature equipments 1221) side heat-exchanger rig connection.
Similarly, when release end of heat 202 is one or more, the pipeline of each release end of heat 202 is independently arranged, and set-up mode is the same The heat absorbing end 201 stated is identical.When release end of heat 202 is multiple, the pipeline of multiple release end of heat 202 is interconnected, and mode of communicating is the same The heat absorbing end 201 stated is identical.Details are not described herein.
Therefore, in the first of the embodiment of the present invention in heat exchanger, the pipeline of foundation heat absorbing end 201 and heat-exchange end 202 Set-up mode has following several specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 4 a, the first transfer heat exchanger I, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 is multiple, and the connecting pipeline group of multiple release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independent Setting.Turn multichannel all the way.
As shown in Figure 4 b, the first transfer heat exchanger II, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 be one, and a release end of heat 202 has multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged.That is, heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 Pipeline is independently arranged.Turn multichannel all the way.
As illustrated in fig. 4 c, heat exchanger III in first, heat absorbing end 201 are one, and a heat absorbing end 201 has multiple independences The connecting pipeline group of setting;Release end of heat 202 is one, has a connecting pipeline group.That is, heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 Pipeline is independently arranged.Multichannel turns all the way.
As shown in figure 4d, heat exchanger V in first, heat absorbing end 201 be it is multiple, multiple heat absorbing ends 201 are interconnected by one Group communicating pipe group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of energy stores station 10 (or absorption edge temperature equipment 1011) side;Release end of heat 202 is Multiple, the connecting pipeline group of multiple release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.That is, the pipeline of multiple heat absorbing ends 201 is interconnected, Duo Gefang The pipeline in hot end 202 is independently arranged.Turn multichannel all the way.
As shown in fig 4e, heat exchanger IV in first, heat absorbing end 201 are one, and a heat absorbing end 201 has multiple independences The connecting pipeline group of setting;Release end of heat 202 is one, and a release end of heat 202 has multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged. That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.Multichannel turns multichannel.
As shown in fig. 4f, heat exchanger VI in first, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 be one, has a connecting pipeline group.That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.Turn one all the way Road.
Certainly, the structure of heat exchanger is not limited to above-mentioned six kinds in the first of the embodiment of the present invention, wherein 201 He of heat absorbing end The structure of release end of heat 202 can be interchanged, can also be in any combination.It is connected to the heat exchange of side (energy stores station side and temperature equipment side) The quantity of the connecting pipeline group of device determines the structure of the middle heat exchanger of adaptation.In addition, in first heat exchanger suction When the connecting pipeline group in hot end 201 (or release end of heat 202) is multiple groups, number is not limited, the energy storage according to required access Stand 10 or temperature equipment number determine.
In the first of the embodiment of the present invention in heat exchanger 20, the heat exchange of the heat-exchanger rig and release end of heat 202 of heat absorbing end 201 Device can be separately provided, and e.g., when using plate heat exchanger, the two is oppositely arranged and (can contact or do not contact), guarantee heat-transfer surface Product maximizes;When using heat exchange coil, makes the interlaced setting of the coil portions of the two (can contact or do not contact), guarantee have Effect heat exchange.Alternatively, the heat-exchanger rig design of the heat-exchanger rig and release end of heat 202 of heat absorbing end 201 is integrated.Set-up mode is unlimited Fixed, as long as realizing, the heat-exchanger rig of heat absorbing end 201 and the heat-exchanger rig of release end of heat 202 are able to carry out heat transmitting.Such as Fig. 4 a To shown in Fig. 4 f, being the heat-exchanger rig structure being oppositely arranged of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 using contactless type, certainly Heat exchanger is not limited to structure given by attached drawing in the first of the embodiment of the present invention.
In an alternative embodiment, middle heat exchanger 20 further includes the valve 231 that absorbs heat, and is arranged in series in heat absorbing end On 201 pipeline;And/or heat release valve 232, it is arranged in series on the pipeline of release end of heat 202.The purpose that valve is arranged is control Heat absorbing end 201 processed and release end of heat 202 open or close.In specific embodiment, in each 201 (each heat exchange dress of heat absorbing end Set) inlet tube and outlet tube on be respectively provided with heat absorption valve 231, in the inlet tube of each release end of heat 202 (each heat-exchanger rig) With heat release valve 232 is respectively provided on outlet tube.By the control to each valve, the release end of heat of centering heat exchanger 20 is realized respectively 202 and heat absorbing end 201 each connecting pipeline folding control, adjust the transmitting of energy, can according to actual conditions, control the energy Storage sites 10 carry out energy release to part temperature equipment, also can control part temperature equipment case energy storage station 10 and store energy Amount.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 4 g and Fig. 4 h, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of middle heat exchanger, heat exchanger in second are also provided 30, comprising: heat absorbing end 301, for being connected to 10/ temperature equipment of energy stores station (e.g., the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th Temperature equipment 1221);Release end of heat 302, for being connected to temperature equipment, (e.g., the second temperature equipment 1121 or third temperature adjustment are set For 1211)/energy stores station 10;With, undirectional thermal conducting 31, heat absorbing end 301 and release end of heat 302 are arranged in undirectional thermal conducting 31 both ends.
Heat exchanger 30 in the second of the embodiment of the present invention, can be at energy stores station by increasing undirectional thermal conducting 31 When releasing energy to release end temperature equipment, accurately energy is provided for temperature equipment.In addition, applying also for when energy stores station It cannot be carried out by the direction of setting between 10 and temperature equipment (absorption edge temperature equipment 1011 or release end temperature equipment 1021) The case where energy transmission.When general progress heat transmitting, the low one end of temperature can only be transmitted to from the high one end of temperature, if heat is deposited Temperature itself in storage station is higher than the medium temp of temperature equipment output, and at this point, heat storage sites are deposited there are many more heating load The capacity of storage then can not carry out heat storage by direction initialization to heat storage sites at this time, will cause heat storage sites instead Heat losses play opposite effect.When heat storage sites carry out heat release, and identical problem can be encountered.Therefore originally Inventive embodiments provide the heat exchanger 30 in second, using undirectional thermal conducting 31 to (cold from temperature equipment guiding heat Amount) storage sites medium temp, and be adjusted from the medium temp of heat (cooling capacity) storage sites guide device, can There is provided accurate energy to release end temperature equipment, or make energy storage sites 10 and temperature equipment by direction initialization normally into Row heat transfer.
Heat exchanger 30 in the second of the embodiment of the present invention, on the basis of being heat exchanger 20 in above-mentioned first, Undirectional thermal conducting 31 is increased between heat absorbing end and release end of heat.Therefore, the absorption edge 301 of heat exchanger 30 and heat release in second The structure setting at end 302 and role are identical as the heat absorbing end 201 of heat exchanger 20 in first and release end of heat 202, It can refer to foregoing teachings, details are not described herein.
Therefore, it is being inhaled according to the first transfer heat exchanger I as described in Fig. 4 a to Fig. 4 f to VI structure of heat exchanger in first Increase undirectional thermal conducting 31 can successively obtain heat absorbing end between hot end and release end of heat and release end of heat corresponds in consistent second Heat exchanger VI in heat exchanger I to the second.The second transfer heat exchanger II 30 as shown in figure 4g is the transition heat in first Increase undirectional thermal conducting 31 on the basis of device II 20 to obtain, as shown in figure 4h second in heat exchanger VI 30 be the Increase what undirectional thermal conducting 31 obtained in one on the basis of heat exchanger VI 20.
Heat exchanger 30 in the second of the embodiment of the present invention, undirectional thermal conducting 31 are realized the heat (pressure) of heat absorbing end It exchanges to release end of heat.Refrigerant heat exchanger or semiconductor temperature adjustor can specifically be used.
In an alternative embodiment, refrigerant heat exchanger includes evaporator 311, compressor (not shown), condenser 312 Heat-exchanging loop is connected and composed with expansion valve (not shown), four.Heat exchanger 30 includes two adiabatic heat-insulation settings in second Absorb heat chamber 303 and heat release chamber 304;The heat absorbing end 301 of heat exchanger 30 is oppositely arranged in evaporator 311 and second, and is set It sets in heat absorption chamber 303;The release end of heat 302 of heat exchanger 30 is oppositely arranged in condenser 312 and second, and is arranged in heat release In chamber 304.
In an alternative embodiment, semiconductor temperature adjustor, including semiconductor chilling plate, setting are in semiconductor The first end heat exchanger of the first end of cooling piece and the second end heat exchanger and power supply unit of second end.Power supply unit is used for Electric energy is provided for semiconductor chilling plate.By controlling the direction of supply current, the first end and second of semiconductor chilling plate can be made It holds and is switched under the cold both of which of heat production and production.For example, first end is cold end under forward current, second end is heat End;Behind switching electric current direction, first end is switched to hot end, and second end is switched to cold end.Heat exchanger 30 includes two in second The heat absorption chamber 303 and heat release chamber 304 of adiabatic heat-insulation setting;The heat absorbing end of heat exchanger 30 in first end heat exchanger and second 301 are oppositely arranged, and are arranged in heat absorption chamber 303;302 phase of release end of heat of heat exchanger 30 in second end heat exchanger and second To setting, and it is arranged in heat release chamber 304.Determine that first end heat exchanger is hot end (or cold end) and the according to actual conditions Two end heat exchangers are cold end (or hot end).
When needing to provide accurate energy to release end temperature equipment, alternatively, energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment it Between when cannot carry out heat transmitting by direction initialization, start undirectional thermal conducting 31, force exchange to putting the heat of heat absorbing end 301 Hot end 302, then energy stores station 10 (perhaps absorption edge temperature equipment 1011 or release are transferred heat to by release end of heat 302 Hold temperature equipment 1021).
The invention is not limited to the structures for being described above and being shown in the accompanying drawings, and can not depart from its model It encloses and carry out various modifications and change.The scope of the present invention is limited only by the attached claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of control method of energy resource system, which is characterized in that the energy resource system includes multiple heat resource equipments, multiple transfers Heat exchanger and multiple water heaters, the heat resource equipment include condenser, and the water heater is internally provided with terminal heat exchanger;It is described Middle heat exchanger includes a heat absorbing end and multiple release end of heat, and the heat absorbing end of the middle heat exchanger is connected to the heat resource equipment Condenser, multiple release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger are connected respectively to the terminal heat exchanger of different water heaters, it is described in The heat absorbing end of heat exchanger is provided with heat absorption valve, and multiple release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger are respectively arranged with heat release valve; The middle heat exchanger includes at least one high-temperature heat-exchanging and at least one cryogenic heat exchanger, the terminal heat exchange of the water heater Device is connected to a high-temperature heat-exchanging and a cryogenic heat exchanger;It the described method comprises the following steps:
Obtain the target temperature and actual temperature of each water heater;
According to the target temperature of the water heater, high-temperature heat-exchanging or low temperature in the water heater and middle heat exchanger are controlled Heat exchanger exchanges heat;
According to the difference of the target temperature of the water heater and actual temperature, controls the water heater and the middle heat exchanger carries out The time of heat exchange.
2. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Obtain the quantity for the water heater being currently running;
According to the quantity for the water heater being currently running, controls the water heater and exchange heat with the middle heat exchanger timesharing.
3. method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the quantity for the water heater that the basis is currently running controls institute State the step of water heater is exchanged heat with the middle heat exchanger timesharing, comprising:
When the quantity for the water heater being currently running is less than preset value, controls the water heater and the middle heat exchanger is full-time connects It is logical.
4. method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the quantity for the water heater that the basis is currently running controls institute State the step of water heater is exchanged heat with the middle heat exchanger timesharing, comprising:
When the quantity for the water heater being currently running is greater than preset value, controls the water heater and connect with the middle heat exchanger timesharing It is logical.
5. method as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that described when the quantity for the water heater being currently running is greater than preset value When, control the step of water heater is connected with the middle heat exchanger timesharing, comprising: all water heaters are using single-entry single-out Switch mode and the middle heat exchanger carry out cycle heat exchange.
6. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
According to the difference of the target temperature and actual temperature of the quantity for the water heater being currently running and each water heater, control is same When the quantity of water heater that exchanges heat with the middle heat exchanger.
7. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
According to the difference of the target temperature and actual temperature of the quantity for the water heater being currently running and each water heater, control is each The time that a water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat.
8. the method for claim 7, which is characterized in that the water heater and the middle heat exchanger exchange heat when BetweenWherein, K is proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target temperature of the water heater and the difference of actual temperature, ΔTavFor the average value of the difference of the target temperature and actual temperature of each water heater, tbaseFor benchmark service time.
9. method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to the heat that is currently running The quantity of hydrophone is arranged.
10. method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the Δ TnThe difference for subtracting actual temperature for target temperature, when ΔTnWhen≤0, water heater stopping exchanges heat with the middle heat exchanger.
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