CN109764453A - A kind of control method of energy resource system - Google Patents

A kind of control method of energy resource system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109764453A
CN109764453A CN201910018737.9A CN201910018737A CN109764453A CN 109764453 A CN109764453 A CN 109764453A CN 201910018737 A CN201910018737 A CN 201910018737A CN 109764453 A CN109764453 A CN 109764453A
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China
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heat
humidifier
energy
mixed cell
release
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CN201910018737.9A
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CN109764453B (en
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于洋
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
Haier Smart Home Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of control methods of energy resource system, belong to field of energy-saving technology.This method includes energy stores station and multiple humidifiers for controlling an energy resource system, energy resource system, and energy stores station includes heat storage device, and humidifier includes water tank, and water tank upper opens up venthole, and humidification heat exchanger is arranged in water tank bottom;Energy resource system further includes multiple middle heat exchangers and multiple mixed cells;Control method controls the service time of two heat absorption valves of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier the following steps are included: according to the target humidity of humidifier;According to the difference of the target humidity of humidifier and actual humidity, the service time of the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled.Using the alternative embodiment, the collection and scheduling to discarded energy are realized, supply other equipment use, and reduce energy consumption and waste, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

A kind of control method of energy resource system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of energy-saving technology, in particular to a kind of control method of energy resource system.
Background technique
In general home environment, can there are many household electrical appliance, and a plurality of types of household electrical appliance often have it is different Function, and all refer to the conversion of heat.For example, outdoor unit simultaneously can dissipate heat, together when air conditioner room unit freezes Sample, humidifier are also required to consumption electric energy or dissipate heat when freezing, and on the other hand, humidifier needs to add hot water Heat can also consume electric energy;When winter, air-conditioning needs to heat, and can also discharge a part of cooling capacity.Some need heat, has Heat, some need refrigeration are distributed, some distributes cooling capacity, therefore, causes great energy waste.
The humidifier that humidification is realized using medium is heated including humidification disk and the medium that humidification pan bottom is arranged in It manages, circulate high temperature medium in medium heating tube.
The heat and cooling capacity how electric appliance distributed carries out United Dispatching, provides heat for humidifier, reduces the energy Consumption and waste, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction, are current urgent problems to be solved.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of control methods of energy resource system.For some aspects of the embodiment to disclosure There is a basic understanding, simple summary is shown below.The summarized section is not extensive overview, nor to determine pass Key/important composition element or the protection scope for describing these embodiments.Its sole purpose is some general with the presentation of simple form It reads, in this, as the preamble of following detailed description.
According to a first aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, a kind of control method of energy resource system is provided.
In some optional embodiments, for the method for controlling an energy resource system, the energy resource system includes that energy is deposited Storage station and two or more humidifiers, the energy stores station includes heat storage device, and the humidifier includes water Case, the water tank upper open up venthole, and humidification heat exchanger is arranged in the water tank bottom;The energy resource system further includes in multiple Heat exchanger and multiple mixed cells include heat exchanger and at least one at least one high temperature in the multiple middle heat exchanger Heat exchanger in a low temperature;The middle heat exchanger includes a heat absorbing end and multiple release end of heat, the suction of the middle heat exchanger Hot end is connected to the heat storage device, and the release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger is connected to the heat absorption of different mixed cells End;The mixed cell includes two heat absorbing ends and a release end of heat, and one of heat absorbing end of the mixed cell is connected to Heat exchanger in the high temperature, another heat absorbing end of the mixed cell is connected to heat exchanger in the low temperature, described mixed The release end of heat for closing unit is connected to the humidification heat exchanger of a corresponding humidifier, two heat absorptions of the mixed cell End is respectively arranged with heat absorption valve, and the release end of heat of the mixed cell is provided with heat release valve;The control method includes following Step: according to the target humidity of the humidifier, two heat absorption valves of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are controlled Service time;It is connected according to the difference of the target humidity of the humidifier and actual humidity, control with the humidifier The service time of the heat release valve of mixed cell.
Optionally, according to the target humidity of the humidifier, the two of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are controlled The step of service time of a heat absorption valve, comprising: according to the target humidity of the humidifier, obtain matchmaker in humidification heat exchanger The target temperature of Jie;According to the target temperature of medium in humidification heat exchanger, the mixed cell being connected with the water heater is adjusted The service time of two heat absorption valves.
Optionally, the method also includes: obtain the quantity for the humidifier being currently running;According to the humidification being currently running The quantity of device, the heat release valve timesharing for controlling the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are open-minded.
Optionally, the quantity for the humidifier that the basis is currently running controls the mixing being connected with the humidifier The step that the heat release valve timesharing of unit is opened, comprising: when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is less than preset value, control The heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is full-time open-minded.
Optionally, the quantity for the humidifier that the basis is currently running controls the mixing being connected with the humidifier The step that the heat release valve timesharing of unit is opened, comprising: when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than preset value, control The heat release valve timesharing for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is open-minded.
Optionally, described when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than preset value, control and the humidifier The step that the heat release valve timesharing of connected mixed cell is opened, comprising: all humidifiers use single-entry single-out switching mould Formula carries out cycle heat exchange.
Optionally, the method also includes: according to the quantity for the humidifier being currently running and each humidifier The difference of target humidity and actual humidity controls when the opening of heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with each humidifier Between.
Optionally, the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifierWherein, K For proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target humidity of the humidifier and the difference of actual humidity, Δ TavFor the mesh of each humidifier Mark the average value of the difference of humidity and actual humidity, tbaseFor benchmark service time.
Optionally, the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to be currently running humidifier quantity setting.
Optionally, the Δ TnThe difference for subtracting actual humidity for humidifier target humidity, as Δ TnWhen≤0, controls and be somebody's turn to do The heat release valve shutdown of the connected mixed cell of humidifier.
Technical solution provided in an embodiment of the present invention can include the following benefits:
The collection and scheduling to discarded energy are realized, supply other equipment use, and reduce energy consumption and waste, realize Energy-saving and emission-reduction.
It should be understood that above general description and following detailed description be only it is exemplary and explanatory, not It can the limitation present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings herein are incorporated into the specification and forms part of this specification, and shows and meets implementation of the invention Example, and be used to explain the principle of the present invention together with specification.
Fig. 1 is a kind of block diagram of energy resource system shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a kind of flow diagram of the control method of energy resource system shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 a is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 b is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 c is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 d is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 e is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 f is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3 g is a kind of structural schematic diagram at energy stores station shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 a is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 b is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 c is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 d is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 e is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 f is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 g is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 4 h is a kind of structural schematic diagram of middle heat exchanger shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 5 a is a kind of structural schematic diagram of mixed cell shown according to an exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 5 b is a kind of structural schematic diagram of mixed cell shown according to an exemplary embodiment.
Specific embodiment
The following description and drawings fully show specific embodiments of the present invention, to enable those skilled in the art to Practice them.Other embodiments may include structure, logic, it is electrical, process and other change.Embodiment Only represent possible variation.Unless explicitly requested, otherwise individual components and functionality is optional, and the sequence operated can be with Variation.The part of some embodiments and feature can be included in or replace part and the feature of other embodiments.This hair The range of bright embodiment includes equivalent obtained by the entire scope of claims and all of claims Object.Herein, each embodiment individually or can be indicated generally with term " invention ", and it is convenient that this is used for the purpose of, And if in fact disclosing the invention more than one, the range for being not meant to automatically limit the application is any single invention Or inventive concept.Herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like be used only for by an entity or operation with Another entity or operation distinguish, and without requiring or implying, there are any actual relationships between these entities or operation Or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or any other variant thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion, thus So that process, method or equipment including a series of elements not only include those elements, but also including being not explicitly listed Other element, or further include for this process, method or the intrinsic element of equipment.In the feelings not limited more Under condition, the element that is limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that in process, method or equipment including the element In there is also other identical elements.Each embodiment herein is described in a progressive manner, and each embodiment stresses Be the difference from other embodiments, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For implementing For method, product etc. disclosed in example, since it is corresponding with method part disclosed in embodiment, so the comparison of description is simple Single, reference may be made to the description of the method.
Fig. 1 shows an alternative embodiment of energy resource system.
In the alternative embodiment, the energy resource system includes energy stores station and two or more humidifiers, described Energy stores station includes heat storage device, and the humidifier includes water tank, and the water tank upper opens up venthole, the water Humidification heat exchanger is arranged in bottom portion.The energy resource system further includes multiple middle heat exchangers and multiple mixed cells, the multiple It include heat exchanger and heat exchanger at least one low temperature at least one high temperature in middle heat exchanger;The middle heat exchanger Including a heat absorbing end and multiple release end of heat, the heat absorbing end of the middle heat exchanger is connected to the heat storage device, described The release end of heat of middle heat exchanger is connected to the heat absorbing end of different mixed cells;The mixed cell includes two heat absorbing ends and one A release end of heat, one of heat absorbing end of the mixed cell are connected to heat exchanger in the high temperature, the mixed cell Another heat absorbing end is connected to heat exchanger in the low temperature, and the release end of heat of the mixed cell is connected to corresponding one Two heat absorbing ends of the humidification heat exchanger of humidifier, the mixed cell are respectively arranged with heat absorption valve, the mixed cell Release end of heat be provided with heat release valve.
Fig. 2 shows an alternative embodiments of the control method of above-mentioned energy resource system.
In the alternative embodiment, the control method is the following steps are included: step 11, according to the target of the humidifier Humidity controls the service time of two heat absorption valves of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier;Step 12, added according to described The target humidity of wet device and the difference of actual humidity control opening for the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier The logical time.
When the heat absorption valve of mixed cell is opened, heat exchanger in the high temperature medium and low temperature of heat exchanger in high temperature Low temperature medium is mixed in mixed cell, and mixed medium is used for the humidification heat exchanger of humidifier, for heating water Water in case can be accurately adjusted the medium temp in mixed cell by the service time of two heat absorption valves of control.When mixed When closing the heat release valve closing of unit, the humidification heat exchanger of the humidifier and mixed cell cutting are connected, and humidification changes Hot device stops heat exchange.
Optionally, according to the target humidity of the humidifier, the two of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are controlled The step of service time of a heat absorption valve, comprising: according to the target humidity of the water heater, obtain in the humidification heat exchanger The target temperature of medium;According to the target temperature of medium in humidification heat exchanger, the mixing list being connected with the humidifier is adjusted The service time of two heat absorption valves of member.
Optionally, the energy resource system is as unit of family, or as unit of entire unit building, alternatively, with entire small Area is unit, alternatively, as unit of some region.
Optionally, the multiple humidifier includes at least two humidifiers, i.e., the quantity of the described humidifier is two It is a or more.Optionally, the quantity of the mixed cell is identical as the humidifier.
Optionally, the multiple middle heat exchanger includes heat exchanger at least two, i.e., the number of the described middle heat exchanger Amount is two or more.
Optionally, the target humidity is default humidity set by user.
Using the alternative embodiment, it is connected according to the control of the difference of target humidity and actual humidity with the humidifier mixed It closes the service time of the heat release valve of unit, the difference of target humidity and actual humidity is big, then heat release valve service time is long;Difference It is worth small, then heat release valve service time is short.
For example, the humidifier needs when the target humidity of one of humidifier and actual humidity difference are larger More heat exchange, the service time of mixed cell two heat absorption valves is first controlled according to the target humidity of humidifier, is adjusted Medium temp in mixed cell is saved, then, according to the temperature difference of the target humidity of humidifier and actual humidity, controls mixed cell The service time of heat release valve.
Optionally, the actual humidity of the humidifier passes through the humidity sensor being arranged in the humidifier and obtains ?.
Optionally, the actual humidity of the humidifier is passed by the humidity in space where the humidifier is arranged in Sensor obtains.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: obtain the quantity for the humidifier being currently running;According to The quantity for the humidifier being currently running, the heat release valve timesharing for controlling the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are open-minded.
It is opened after the quantity for the humidifier being currently running reaches certain numerical value using timesharing using the alternative embodiment The humidifier that logical method control is connected with heat storage device is made with guaranteeing the supply of medium in heat storage device The humidity value of each humidifier local environment being capable of even regulation.
Optionally, the quantity for the humidifier that the basis is currently running controls the mixing being connected with the humidifier The step that the heat release valve timesharing of unit is opened, comprising: when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is less than preset value, control The heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is full-time open-minded;When the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than When preset value, the heat release valve timesharing for controlling the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is open-minded.
Using the alternative embodiment, the capacity of heat storage device can be optimized, pass through the lesser heat storage dress of capacity Set the more humidifier work of supply.For example, the humidifier quantity that heat storage device can supply simultaneously is 10, when When the humidifier quantity being currently running is 15, in a period, control is filled with the humidification that heat storage device exchanges heat Setting quantity is 10, and the humidifier being connected with heat storage device is controlled using the method that timesharing is opened, and realizes multiple add The uniform heat exchange of wet device makes the humidity of each humidifier local environment to guarantee the supply of medium in heat storage device Value being capable of even regulation.
Optionally, when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than preset value, using single-entry single-out switch mode The humidifier for controlling the humidifier of access and exiting, all humidifiers are recycled using single-entry single-out switch mode Heat exchange.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: according to the quantity for the humidifier being currently running and The target humidity of each humidifier and the difference of actual humidity, what control exchanged heat with the heat storage device simultaneously adds The quantity of wet device.
Using the alternative embodiment, it is ensured that the reasonable supply of heat in heat storage device guarantees the stabilization of system Operation.
For example, biggish humidifier is differed with actual humidity for target humidity, it is wet compared to target humidity and reality Degree differs lesser humidifier, needs more to be exchanged heat with the heat storage device, and therefore, target humidity and reality are wet The difference of degree is the important evidence of the control heat storage device access humidifier quantity.For example, for target humidity with Actual humidity differs biggish humidifier, and separate unit humidifier needs are more exchanged heat, and therefore, controls the heat storage Device accesses the quantity of above-mentioned humidifier simultaneously, prevents the situation of System Medium insufficient supply.For another example for target Humidity differs lesser humidifier with actual humidity, and separate unit humidifier needs to carry out less heat exchange, therefore, the heat Storage device can access greater number of above-mentioned humidifier simultaneously.
In another alternative embodiment, the method also includes: according to the quantity for the humidifier being currently running and The target humidity of each humidifier and the difference of actual humidity control the heat release for the mixed cell being connected with each humidifier The service time of valve.
Optionally, when target humidity is lower than actual humidity, the heat release valve for the mixed cell that control is connected with the humidifier The service time of door;When target humidity is higher than actual humidity, the heat release valve for the mixed cell that control is connected with the humidifier It closes.
Using the alternative embodiment, the heat-exchange time of each humidifier and heat storage device is not identical, for mesh Humidity and the big humidifier of the actual humidity temperature difference are marked, opening for the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled The logical time is longer;The humidifier small for target humidity and the actual humidity temperature difference controls the mixing being connected with the humidifier The service time of the heat release valve of unit is shorter.
Optionally, the service time of the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifierWherein, K is proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target humidity of the humidifier and the difference of actual humidity, ΔTavFor the average value of the difference of the target humidity of humidifier and actual humidity that are currently running, tbaseOn the basis of when opening Between.
Optionally, Δ TnThe difference for subtracting actual humidity for target humidity, as Δ TnWhen≤0, control is connected with the humidifier Mixed cell heat release valve close.
Optionally, the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to be currently running humidifier quantity setting.Optionally, The quantity for the humidifier being currently running is fewer, the benchmark service time tbaseIt is longer, the number for the humidifier being currently running Measure more, the benchmark service time tbaseIt is shorter.
Herein, temperature equipment refers to bring the temperature of itself or environment is changed to set when equipment work It is standby, e.g., refrigerator, air conditioner, air energy compressor, solar energy heating temperature equipment, mobile robot heat release charger, hot water Device, heating temperature equipment, heating device, compressor, the cold temperature equipment of collection, refrigerator-freezer.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 a to Fig. 3 g, illustrate a kind of energy stores station of the embodiment of the present invention.
Energy stores station 10, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is for absorbing the tune that can generate corresponding energy The energy of warm equipment (absorption edge temperature equipment 1011), energy release end 102 are used to (release to the temperature equipment of the corresponding energy of needs Put end temperature equipment 1021) it releases energy.
The concrete form at energy stores station 10 does not limit, and major function is storage energy, in have can store energy The energy-accumulation material of amount, and guarantee 10 adiabatic heat-insulation of energy storage sites.Energy stores station 10 can be an adiabatic heat-insulation Cabinet, it is interior to fill energy-accumulation material.It is also possible to dig on the ground storage pool, the inner wall of storage pool is insulated Isothermal holding.
The energy stores station of the embodiment of the present invention can be applied to single family, also can be applied to a cell or society Area.Application scenarios are different, and the quantity of temperature equipment is different, and the memory capacity at energy stores station 10 is different.Such as, it is applying single When in home scenarios, the limited amount of temperature equipment does not exceed 10 under normal circumstances.It is applying in cell, even more greatly Community in when, the quantity of external temperature equipment is just very huge, and the energy stores amount at energy stores station 10 just needs very at this time Greatly.As long as energy stores station has in application, determining according to actual conditions.
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, the energy of storage, can be with according to the reflected temperature of energy institute It is divided into heat and cooling capacity, therefore, heat and cooling capacity are opposite concepts, are divided i.e. according to the boundary (e.g., temperature limit) of setting It can.Therefore, in an alternative embodiment, the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention can be heat storage device (heat Measure storage sites) 11, it is also possible to cooling capacity storage device (cooling capacity storage sites) 12, or deposit including heat storage device 11 and cooling capacity Storage device 12.
The energy absorption end 101 of heat storage device 11 is heat absorption end 111, can generate heat for absorbing The heat of first temperature equipment 1111, energy release end 102 is heat release end 112, for needing the second of heat to adjust Warm equipment 1121 discharges heat.Such as, air-conditioner outdoor unit, air when the first temperature equipment can be refrigerator, air conditioner refrigerating can press Contracting machine, solar energy heating temperature equipment, mobile robot heat release charger etc..Second temperature equipment can be water heater, heating Air-conditioning, heating temperature equipment, heating device etc..
The energy absorption end 101 of cooling capacity storage device 12 is cold absorption end 121 (that is, heat release end), for inhaling The cooling capacity that can generate the third temperature equipment 1211 of cooling capacity is received, energy release end 102 is cooling capacity release end 122 (that is, heat Absorption edge), for 1221 released cold quantity of the 4th temperature equipment for needing cooling capacity.Such as, third temperature equipment can be air-conditioning system Air-conditioner outdoor unit when hot, compressor, the cold temperature equipment of collection etc..4th temperature equipment can be refrigerator, refrigerator-freezer, refrigeration air-conditioner Deng.
The energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention may include one or more heat storage devices 11, and, one Or multiple cooling capacity storage devices 12.As shown in Figure 3b, a kind of energy stores station, including a heat storage device 11 and one it is cold Measure storage device 12.Specific setting number and type are determined according to the application scenarios of setting.
In the embodiment of the present invention, following energy stores stations 10 can refer to heat storage device when not doing specified otherwise 11, it can also refer to cooling capacity storage device 12.When heat storage device 11 is made at energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is heat Absorption edge is measured, energy release end 102 is heat release end.When cooling capacity storage device 12 is made at energy stores station 10, energy absorption End 101 is cold absorption end, and energy release end 102 is cooling capacity release end.
In the embodiment of the present invention, energy stores station 10 can absorb one or absorbs the energy that multiple temperature equipments generate simultaneously Amount, can also release energy to one or simultaneously to multiple temperature equipments, therefore, the practical feelings according to external temperature equipment Condition, energy absorption end 101 can be one or more, energy release end 102 or one or more, specific number foundation Actual conditions determine.
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, energy absorption end 101 can generate corresponding energy for absorbing The energy of temperature equipment 1011 (the first temperature equipment 1111 and third temperature equipment 1211), absorption pattern multiplicity, e.g., utilizes stream When body medium is as carrier, energy absorption end 101 is logical using heat-exchanger rig and the heat-exchanger rig of 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment Pipeline connection is crossed, forms mediation cycle access between energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment.Liquid mediums absorb temperature equipment The energy that side generates, then flows to the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10, and the energy storage material in energy stores station 10 will The energy absorption of the medium at energy absorption end 101 and storage, liquid mediums after releasing energy are changed flowing out to temperature equipment side Thermal absorbs the energy that temperature equipment side generates, so recycles, complete the energy stores at energy stores station 10.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is one or more, each energy Absorption edge 101 is independently arranged.For example, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 includes one (as shown in Figure 3 e) or multiple First heat-exchanger rig (as shown in Figure 3d), the first heat-exchanger rig have inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142 (that is, one group of connecting pipeline 14) group, is connected to by two root canal roads with the heat-exchanger rig of 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment, in temperature equipment, (the first temperature adjustment is set Standby 1111 and third temperature equipment 1211) between energy stores station 10 energy turn is carried out by respective mediation cycle access It changes.For another example, as shown in Figure 3c, energy absorption end 101 is first heat-exchanger rig, and is connected in the liquid feeding end of the first heat-exchanger rig Lead to multiple inlet tubes 141, outlet end is connected to multiple outlet tubes 142.One inlet tube 141 and an outlet tube 142 are used as one Connecting pipeline group 14 constitutes multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged, passes through multiple connecting pipeline group and external temperature equipment The terminal heat-exchanger rig of side is connected to.Adapt to the field that multiple external temperature equipments carry out energy input to energy absorption end 101 simultaneously Scape.It is filled by the way that flow control is arranged at multiple inlet tubes of the liquid feeding end in the first heat-exchanger rig and multiple outlet tubes of outlet end It sets, by the control to each volume control device, it can be achieved that absorbing the energy that one or more temperature equipments generate simultaneously, and The flow for adjusting medium in the mediation cycle pipeline of each temperature equipment realizes different heat exchange efficiencies.Further alternative reality It applies in example, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 can also include multiple terminal heat-exchanger rigs, each terminal heat-exchanger rig With terminal inlet tube and terminal outlet tube, pass through the corresponding outlet tube and inlet tube with the first heat-exchanger rig in two root canal roads respectively Connection.The setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig is in 1011 side of absorption edge temperature equipment, for absorbing the energy of temperature equipment generation.First changes Thermal and terminal heat-exchanger rig constitute a mediation cycle access, and the energy for generating temperature equipment side is completed by liquid mediums In amount conversion to energy stores station 10.Wherein, when energy stores station 10 is heat storage device 11, the setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig exists First temperature equipment, 1111 side.When energy stores station 10 is cooling capacity storage device 12, terminal heat-exchanger rig is arranged in third temperature adjustment 1211 side of equipment.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 is multiple, multiple energy absorptions The pipeline at end 101 interconnects.There are many mode interconnected, as long as realizing the heat-exchanger rig and energy absorption of temperature equipment side End 101 may make up mediation cycle access.For example, as illustrated in figure 3f, multiple energy absorption ends 101 pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 are connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out, and the inlet tube 141 at each energy absorption end 101 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 151, The outlet tube 142 at each energy absorption end 101 is connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out.Again by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out Liquid transfer pipeline 152 is used as one group of connecting pipeline group, is connected to by two root canal roads with the terminal heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side, Pass through respective mediation cycle access between temperature equipment (the first temperature equipment and third temperature equipment) and energy stores station 10 Carry out energy conversion.Multiple inlets of multiple energy absorption ends 101 (multiple first heat-exchanger rigs) are connected to, multiple liquid out Mouth connection.By the way that volume control device is arranged at each communication port on feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out liquid transfer pipeline 152, The energy that one or more temperature equipments generate is realized while being absorbed, and can be conveyed to one or more energy absorption ends 101 Energy.
Similarly, energy release end 102, for releasing energy to the temperature equipment of the corresponding energy of needs.Delivery mode multiplicity, Such as, using liquid mediums as when carrier, energy release end 102 passes through pipeline using the heat-exchanger rig of heat-exchanger rig and equipment side Connection, energy stores station 10 and release end temperature equipment 1021 (the second temperature equipment 1121 and the 4th temperature equipment 1221) it Between formed mediation cycle access.Liquid mediums absorb the energy in the energy-accumulation material at energy stores station 10 in energy release end 102 Amount, then flows to the terminal heat-exchanger rig of 1021 side of release end temperature equipment, and temperature equipment side absorbs the energy in liquid mediums Amount, the liquid mediums after releasing energy flow back into the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 again, so recycle, and complete energy The energy of storage sites 10 discharges.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 is one or more, each energy The pipeline of release end 102 is independently arranged.For example, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 includes one (as shown in Figure 3 e) Or multiple second heat-exchanger rigs (as shown in Figure 3d), each second heat-exchanger rig have inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142 (that is, one Group connecting pipeline group 14), it is connected to by two root canal roads with the terminal heat-exchanger rig of 1021 side of temperature equipment, in temperature equipment (tool Body is the second temperature equipment 1121 and the 4th temperature equipment 1221) and energy stores station 10 between pass through medium independent Circulation path carries out energy conversion.For another example, as shown in Figure 3c, energy release end 102 includes second heat-exchanger rig, and second changes The liquid feeding end of thermal is connected to multiple inlet tubes 141, and outlet end is connected to multiple outlet tubes 142.One inlet tube 141 and one go out Liquid pipe 142 is used as a connecting pipeline group 14, constitutes the connecting pipeline group 14 that multiple groups are independently arranged, is respectively used to and external release Hold the terminal heat-exchanger rig connection of 1021 side of temperature equipment.Adapt to energy release end 102 simultaneously to multiple external temperature equipments into The scene of row energy output.At multiple inlet tubes of the liquid feeding end in the second heat-exchanger rig and multiple outlet tubes of outlet end Volume control device is set, then by the control to each volume control device, it can be achieved that setting simultaneously to one or more temperature adjustments It is standby to release energy, and the flow of medium in the mediation cycle pipeline of each temperature equipment is adjusted, realize different heat exchange efficiencies. In further alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 can also include multiple terminal heat-exchanger rigs, often A terminal heat-exchanger rig has terminal inlet tube and terminal outlet tube, passes through two root canals road correspondence and the second heat-exchanger rig respectively Outlet tube 142 and inlet tube 141 connect.The setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig is generated in temperature equipment side for absorbing temperature equipment Energy.Second heat-exchanger rig and terminal heat-exchanger rig constitute a mediation cycle access, are completed by liquid mediums by energy Energy in storage sites 10 is released to temperature equipment side.Wherein, when energy stores station 10 is heat storage device 11, terminal heat exchange Device is arranged in 1121 side of the second temperature equipment.When energy stores station 10 is cooling capacity storage device 12, the setting of terminal heat-exchanger rig In 1221 side of the 4th temperature equipment.
In an alternative embodiment, the energy release end 102 at energy stores station 10 is multiple, multiple energy releases End 102 interconnects.There are many mode interconnected, as long as realizing the heat-exchanger rig and energy release end 102 of temperature equipment side It may make up mediation cycle access.For example, as illustrated in figure 3f, multiple energy release ends 102 (multiple second heat-exchanger rigs) are logical Feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 is crossed to be connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out, each energy release end 102 (each second heat-exchanger rig) Inlet tube 141 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 151, the outlet tube of each energy release end 102 (each second heat-exchanger rig) 142 are connected to liquid transfer pipeline 152 out.It is connected to again with liquid transfer pipeline 152 out as one group by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 Pipeline group is connected to, in temperature equipment (the first temperature equipment and third tune with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side by two root canal roads Warm equipment) and energy stores station 10 between pass through respective mediation cycle access carry out energy conversion.Multiple energy are discharged Hold multiple inlets connection of 102 (multiple second heat-exchanger rigs), multiple liquid outlet connections.By in feed liquor transfer pipeline and out Volume control device is set at each communication port on liquid transfer pipeline, realizes and is released simultaneously by one or more energy release ends 102 Exoergic amount, and can release energy simultaneously to one or more temperature equipments.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the heat exchange dress of the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the use of energy release end 102 It sets, it can be using plate heat exchanger, evaporator, condenser, heat exchange coil etc..
In the energy stores station 10 of the embodiment of the present invention, the set-up mode of energy absorption end 101 and energy release end 102 can It, can not also be identical with identical.
In an alternative embodiment, the structure at the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and energy release end 102 It is identical.Specifically, energy stores station 10 includes following four specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 3 e, the first energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 are first heat-exchanger rig, pass through one Group connecting pipeline group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Energy release end 102 is second heat-exchanger rig, passes through one Group connecting pipeline group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.That is, the pipeline and energy release end 102 at energy absorption end 101 Pipeline be independently arranged.That is, the energy absorption end 101 at the first energy stores station 10 is first heat-exchanger rig, have One group of independent communication pipeline group, energy release end 102 are second heat-exchanger rig, have one group of independent communication pipeline group, use It is connected in the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.
As illustrated in figure 3f, second of energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 are multiple first heat-exchanger rigs, pass through one The heat-exchanger rig company of group connecting pipeline group (by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and out liquid transfer pipeline 152 is constituted) and temperature equipment side It is logical.Energy release end 102 is multiple second heat-exchanger rigs, by one group of connecting pipeline group (by feed liquor transfer pipeline 151 and liquid out Transfer pipeline 152 is constituted) it is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.That is, the pipeline at multiple energy absorption ends 101 is mutually connected Logical, the pipeline of multiple energy release ends 102 interconnects.That is, the energy absorption end 101 at second of energy stores station 10 is more A, the inlet tube and outlet tube at multiple energy absorption end interconnect, and pass through one group of connecting pipeline group and temperature equipment side Heat-exchanger rig connection.Energy release end 102 be it is multiple, the inlet tube and outlet tube of multiple energy release end interconnect, lead to One group of connecting pipeline group is crossed to be connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.
As shown in Fig. 3 a and Fig. 3 c, the third energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is first heat-exchanger rig, It is connected to by multiple groups connecting pipeline group with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Energy release end 102 is second heat-exchanger rig, It is connected to by multiple groups connecting pipeline group with the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.Multiple connecting pipelines at one energy absorption end 101 Group is independently arranged, and multiple connecting pipeline groups of an energy release end 102 are independently arranged.That is, the third energy stores station 10 Energy absorption end 101 is one, and with the connecting pipeline group that multiple groups are independently arranged, energy release end 102 is one, has multiple groups The connecting pipeline group being independently arranged.
As shown in Figure 3d, the 4th kind of energy stores station 10, energy absorption end 101 is multiple first heat-exchanger rigs, by every The connecting pipeline group 14 and the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side of a heat-exchanger rig respective inlet tube 141 and the composition of outlet tube 142 Connection.Energy release end 102 is multiple second heat-exchanger rigs, passes through the respective inlet tube 141 of each heat-exchanger rig and outlet tube The 142 connecting pipeline groups 14 constituted are connected to the heat-exchanger rig of temperature equipment side.The connecting pipeline group at each energy absorption end 101 It is independently arranged, the connecting pipeline group of each energy release end 102 is independently arranged.That is, the energy absorption at the 4th kind of energy stores station To be multiple, the connecting pipeline group at each energy absorption end 101 is independently arranged at end 101;The energy release end 102 at energy stores station is Multiple, the connecting pipeline group at each energy release end end 102 is independently arranged.
Certainly, the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the set-up mode of energy release end 102 can not be identical. The specific set-up mode used is combined according to situation and determines, this is no longer going to repeat them.
In an alternative embodiment, energy stores station 10 further includes multiple volume control devices 13, multiple flow controls Device 13 processed is separately positioned on the energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and the pipeline of energy release end 102.Flow control Device has the function of adjusting flow, including power effect and throttling action.Wherein, power effect throttles for increasing flow Effect is for reducing flow.In the embodiment for carrying out energy exchange using liquid mediums, volume control device can be power Pump and solenoid valve, alternatively, expansion valve etc..The energy absorption end 101 at energy stores station 10 and energy release end 102 pass through pipe respectively Road (inlet tube 141 and outlet tube 142) and external temperature equipment carry out energy exchange, that is, a temperature equipment and energy absorption 101 (or energy release ends 102) are held to constitute a mediation cycle pipeline, volume control device setting is opposite in each temperature equipment On the mediation cycle pipeline answered.By the setting of volume control device, the mediation cycle where adjusting respectively can control The flow of medium in pipeline can be adjusted from zero between maximum stream flow, thus control the energy of energy storage station 10 Amount of storage or burst size.In a kind of specific embodiment, volume control device be separately positioned on energy absorption end 101 it is each into The interface and each inlet tube 141 of energy release end 102 of liquid pipe 141 and each outlet tube 142 and connecing for each outlet tube 142 At mouthful.
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of structure at specific energy stores station 10 is provided, as shown in figure 3g, including, one Or multiple accumulation of energy heaps 100, each accumulation of energy heap 100 include Storage Unit 110, are used for storage energy;Absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101, The absorption edge heat-exchanger rig is embedded in the accumulation of energy heap 110;Release end heat-exchanger rig 102, the release end heat-exchanger rig It is embedded in the accumulation of energy heap 110.
In the embodiment of the present invention, Storage Unit 110 can use existing energy-accumulation material, and e.g., fused salt can store heat Amount.There are many type of fused salt, e.g., ceramic matrix fused salt.For another example, ice bag can store cooling capacity.The shape of Storage Unit is unlimited It is fixed, it is determined according to the physical property of energy-accumulation material itself, e.g., when using fused salt, Storage Unit uses rigidity shell, steel Property shell in encapsulate fused salt, and groove is formed on rigidity shell, for being embedded absorption edge heat-exchanger rig and release end heat exchange dress It sets.
Absorption edge heat-exchanger rig, i.e. energy absorption edge 101 can be set one or more absorption edges in each accumulation of energy heap and change Thermal.The connecting pipeline of absorption edge heat-exchanger rig in multiple accumulation of energy heaps can be independently arranged, and can also be interconnected.With reference to Foregoing teachings.
Release end heat-exchanger rig, i.e. energy release end 102 can be set one or more release ends in each accumulation of energy heap and change Thermal.The connecting pipeline of release end heat-exchanger rig in multiple accumulation of energy heaps can be independently arranged, and can also be interconnected.With reference to Foregoing teachings.
Certainly, energy stores station 10 further includes the shell of adiabatic heat-insulation, plays heat preservation heat insulating function, prevents energy loss.
In the present embodiment, absorption edge heat-exchanger rig uses the first heat exchange coil;Release end heat-exchanger rig is using the second heat exchange Coil pipe.Had using coil pipe using the heat exchange area increased with thermal storage unit, improves the efficiency of storage or release.
Further, the first heat exchange coil and the second heat exchange coil are staggered in Storage Unit.
When only having an accumulation of energy heap 100 in the energy stores station 10 of the present embodiment, absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 and release end The connecting pipeline of heat-exchanger rig 102 using it is above-mentioned the first to the 4th kind of energy stores station 10 structure.
When having multiple accumulation of energy heaps 100 in the energy stores station 10 of the present embodiment, the absorption edge in each accumulation of energy heap 100 is changed The connecting pipeline of thermal 101 and release end heat-exchanger rig 102 uses the set-up mode as shown in Fig. 3 e or Fig. 3 f.And it is absorbing End 101 end of heat-exchanger rig is further added by the total inlet tube of setting and main drain pipe, the inlet tube (141 of each absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 Or 151) it is connected to total inlet tube, the outlet tube (142 or 152) of each absorption edge heat-exchanger rig 101 is connected to main drain pipe. Similarly, the total inlet tube of setting and main drain pipe, each release end heat-exchanger rig are also further added by 102 end of release end heat-exchanger rig 102 inlet tube (141 or 151) is connected to total inlet tube, the outlet tube (142 or 152) of each release end heat-exchanger rig 102 It is connected to main drain pipe.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 4 a to Fig. 4 f, illustrates a kind of middle heat exchanger of the invention, is denoted as middle heat exchanger 20, comprising: Heat absorbing end 201, for being connected to 10/ temperature equipment of energy stores station (e.g., the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221);With release end of heat 202, for being connected to temperature equipment (e.g., the second temperature equipment 1121 or third temperature equipment 1211)/energy stores station 10.
The middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention accesses between energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment, to energy stores The energy between 10 and multiple temperature equipments of standing has converted transfer effect.In practical application, the quantity of temperature equipment is indefinite, it can Think one, it is also possible to it is two, it is even more;And energy stores station 10 also can have one or more, and therefore, this hair The heat absorbing end 201 of the middle heat exchanger of bright embodiment is one or more, and release end of heat 202 is also one or more, is realized all the way Turn multichannel, multichannel turns all the way or multichannel turns multichannel, can facilitate and adjust energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment (absorption edge tune Warm equipment 1011 or release end temperature equipment 1021) between energy stores and release, and access is easy to control, according to real Border situation can be connected part of access and carry out energy exchange.It can also enough simplifying energy stores station and temperature equipment Between connecting pipeline, facilitate the layout of pipeline, reduce cost.
In the middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention, when heat absorbing end 201 is connected to energy stores station 10, release end of heat 202 It is connected to temperature equipment, energy stores station 10 supplies heat to temperature equipment by middle heat exchanger 20, is also possible to temperature adjustment and sets It is standby that cooling capacity is supplied to energy stores station by middle heat exchanger 20.When heat absorbing end 201 is connected to temperature equipment, release end of heat 202 It is connected to energy stores station 10, temperature equipment supplies heat to energy stores station 10, is also possible to energy stores station 10 to temperature adjustment Equipment supplies cooling capacity.
In the embodiment of the present invention, heat absorbing end 201, for absorbing energy stores station 10 (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111) Heat, namely the amount of letting cool end (released cold quantity).The specific structure multiplicity of use, e.g., using liquid mediums as carrier, heat absorption End 201 uses the heat exchange of the heat release end 112 (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111) of heat-exchanger rig and 11 side of heat storage sites Device absorbs the heat of 11 side of heat storage sites (alternatively, first temperature equipment 1111), fluid by pipeline connection, liquid mediums Medium flows to the heat absorbing end 201, the medium fluid progress heat exchange of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, so that heat be converted To release end of heat 202.Alternatively, heat absorbing end 201 is using the cold absorption end 121 of heat-exchanger rig and cooling capacity storage sites 12 (alternatively, the 4th Temperature equipment 1221) heat-exchanger rig by pipeline connection, at this point, heat absorbing end 201 can be understood as released cold quantity end 201, stream Body medium absorbs the heat (absorbing heat, i.e. released cold quantity) of 12 side of cooling capacity storage sites (alternatively, the 4th temperature equipment 1221), stream Body medium flows to the heat absorbing end 201, the medium fluid progress heat exchange of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, so that heat be turned Shift to release end of heat 202.
Similarly, release end of heat 202 are used to discharge heat to energy stores station 10 (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121), namely Absorb cooling capacity end (absorbing cooling capacity).The specific structure multiplicity of use, e.g., using liquid mediums as carrier, release end of heat 202 is used Heat-exchanger rig and the heat-exchanger rig at the heat absorption end 111 (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121) of 11 side of heat storage sites pass through Pipeline connection, liquid mediums absorb the heat of 11 side of heat storage sites (alternatively, second temperature equipment 1121), liquid mediums flowing To the release end of heat 202, the medium fluid of release end of heat 202 and heat absorbing end 201 carries out heat exchange, to converting heat to heat absorbing end 201.Alternatively, release end of heat 202 is using the cooling capacity release end 122 of heat-exchanger rig and cooling capacity storage sites 12 (alternatively, third temperature equipment 1211) heat-exchanger rig is released by pipeline connection, liquid mediums to 12 side of cooling capacity storage sites (alternatively, third temperature equipment 1211) Thermal discharge (release heat, i.e. absorption cooling capacity), liquid mediums flow to the release end of heat 202, release end of heat 202 and heat absorbing end 201 Medium fluid carries out heat exchange, to converting heat to heat absorbing end 201.
That is, when by transfer heat exchanger applications to cooling capacity storage device, the inverse mistake of the transmitting of heat in middle heat exchanger 20 Journey is cooling capacity transmitting, that is, heat absorption is released cold quantity.
In an alternative embodiment, heat absorbing end 201 specifically use heat-exchanger rig, e.g., plate heat exchanger, evaporator or Person's heat exchange coil etc..Release end of heat 202 is specifically using heat-exchanger rig, e.g., plate heat exchanger, condenser, alternatively, heat exchange coil etc..
In the middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention, the number of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202, and, heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 external connecting pipeline group setting, changed according to connection side (energy stores station side and temperature equipment side) The quantity (can participate in the content hereinafter with regard to energy storage portion) of the connecting pipeline group of thermal determines.
In an alternative embodiment, the heat absorbing end 201 of the middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention is one or more, The pipeline of each heat absorbing end 201 is independently arranged.For example, heat absorbing end 201 includes one (as shown in Fig. 4 a, Fig. 4 b and Fig. 4 f) or more A (release end of heat 202 of the middle heat exchanger 20 of d referring to fig. 4) third heat-exchanger rig, each third heat-exchanger rig all have feed liquor Pipe 211 and outlet tube 212 (that is, one group of connecting pipeline group 21), by two pipelines and energy stores station 10 (alternatively, first adjusts Warm equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221) side heat-exchanger rig connection, using liquid mediums by energy storage sites 10 (or Person, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221) side heat transfer to heat absorbing end 201.That is, each third Heat-exchanger rig is independently connected to energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature equipment 1221). For another example, as shown in Fig. 4 c, Fig. 4 e, heat absorbing end 201 is a third heat-exchanger rig, and is connected in the liquid feeding end of third heat-exchanger rig Multiple inlet tubes 211, outlet end are connected to multiple outlet tubes 212.One inlet tube 211 and an outlet tube 222 are used as a company Siphunculus road group 21 constitutes multiple independent connecting pipeline groups, is set respectively with external temperature adjustment by multiple independent communication pipeline group The third heat-exchanger rig of standby side is connected to.
In another alternative embodiment, heat absorbing end 201 is multiple, and the pipeline of multiple heat absorbing ends 201 interconnects.Mutually There are many mode of connection, if realize can multiple heat absorbing ends with energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or The 4th temperature equipment 1221 of person) connection.For example, as shown in figure 4d, multiple heat absorbing ends 201 pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 221 Liquid transfer pipeline 222 is connected to out, and the inlet tube 211 of each heat absorbing end 201 is connected to feed liquor transfer pipeline 221, each suction The outlet tube 212 in hot end 201 is connected to liquid transfer pipeline 222 out.Pass through feed liquor transfer pipeline 221 and out liquid transfer pipeline again 222 are used as one group of connecting pipeline group, by two root canal roads and energy stores station 10 (alternatively, the first temperature equipment 1111 or the Four temperature equipments 1221) side heat-exchanger rig connection.
Similarly, when release end of heat 202 is one or more, the pipeline of each release end of heat 202 is independently arranged, and set-up mode is the same The heat absorbing end 201 stated is identical.When release end of heat 202 is multiple, the pipeline of multiple release end of heat 202 is interconnected, and mode of communicating is the same The heat absorbing end 201 stated is identical.Details are not described herein.
Therefore, in the middle heat exchanger of the embodiment of the present invention, the setting of the pipeline according to heat absorbing end 201 and heat-exchange end 202 Mode has following several specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 4 a, transfer heat exchanger I, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 is Multiple, the connecting pipeline group of multiple release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independently arranged. Turn multichannel all the way.
As shown in Figure 4 b, transfer heat exchanger II, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 It is one, a release end of heat 202 has multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged.That is, the pipe of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 Road is independently arranged.Turn multichannel all the way.
As illustrated in fig. 4 c, middle heat exchanger III, heat absorbing end 201 are one, and a heat absorbing end 201 has multiple be independently arranged Connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 is one, has a connecting pipeline group.That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 It is independently arranged.Multichannel turns all the way.
As shown in figure 4d, middle heat exchanger V, heat absorbing end 201 be it is multiple, multiple heat absorbing ends 201 be interconnected by one group of company Siphunculus group is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of energy stores station 10 (or absorption edge temperature equipment 1011) side;Release end of heat 202 be it is multiple, The connecting pipeline group of multiple release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.That is, the pipeline of multiple heat absorbing ends 201 is interconnected, multiple release end of heat 202 pipeline is independently arranged.Turn multichannel all the way.
As shown in fig 4e, middle heat exchanger IV, heat absorbing end 201 are one, and a heat absorbing end 201 has multiple be independently arranged Connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 is one, and a release end of heat 202 has multiple connecting pipeline groups being independently arranged.That is, inhaling The pipeline of hot end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.Multichannel turns multichannel.
As shown in fig. 4f, middle heat exchanger VI, heat absorbing end 201 are one, have a connecting pipeline group;Release end of heat 202 It is one, there is a connecting pipeline group.That is, the pipeline of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 is independently arranged.Turn all the way all the way.
Certainly, the structure of the middle heat exchanger of the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned six kinds, wherein heat absorbing end 201 and heat release The structure at end 202 can be interchanged, can also be in any combination.It is connected to the heat-exchanger rig of side (energy stores station side and temperature equipment side) Connecting pipeline group quantity determine adaptation middle heat exchanger structure.In addition, the heat absorbing end 201 of middle heat exchanger The connecting pipeline group of (or release end of heat 202) be multiple groups when, number does not limit, according to required access energy storage station 10 or The number of temperature equipment determines.
In the middle heat exchanger 20 of the embodiment of the present invention, the heat-exchanger rig of heat absorbing end 201 and the heat-exchanger rig of release end of heat 202 It can be separately provided, e.g., when using plate heat exchanger, the two is oppositely arranged and (can contact or do not contact), guarantees heat exchange area most Bigization;When using heat exchange coil, make the interlaced setting of the coil portions of the two (can contact or do not contact), guarantee is effectively changed Heat.Alternatively, the heat-exchanger rig design of the heat-exchanger rig and release end of heat 202 of heat absorbing end 201 is integrated.Set-up mode does not limit, only It realizes, the heat-exchanger rig of heat absorbing end 201 and the heat-exchanger rig of release end of heat 202 are able to carry out heat transmitting.Such as Fig. 4 a to figure It is the heat-exchanger rig structure being oppositely arranged of heat absorbing end 201 and release end of heat 202 using contactless type, this certain hair shown in 4f The middle heat exchanger of bright embodiment is not limited to structure given by attached drawing.
In an alternative embodiment, middle heat exchanger 20 further includes the valve 231 that absorbs heat, and is arranged in series in heat absorbing end On 201 pipeline;And/or heat release valve 232, it is arranged in series on the pipeline of release end of heat 202.The purpose that valve is arranged is control Heat absorbing end 201 processed and release end of heat 202 open or close.In specific embodiment, in each 201 (each heat exchange dress of heat absorbing end Set) inlet tube and outlet tube on be respectively provided with heat absorption valve 231, in the inlet tube of each release end of heat 202 (each heat-exchanger rig) With heat release valve 232 is respectively provided on outlet tube.By the control to each valve, the release end of heat of centering heat exchanger 20 is realized respectively 202 and heat absorbing end 201 each connecting pipeline folding control, adjust the transmitting of energy, can according to actual conditions, control the energy Storage sites 10 carry out energy release to part temperature equipment, also can control part temperature equipment case energy storage station 10 and store energy Amount.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 4 g and Fig. 4 h, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of middle heat exchanger, mixed cell 30, packet are also provided It includes: heat absorbing end 301, for being connected to 10/ temperature equipment of energy stores station (e.g., the first temperature equipment 1111 or the 4th temperature adjustment Equipment 1221);Release end of heat 302, for being connected to temperature equipment (e.g., the second temperature equipment 1121 or third temperature equipment 1211)/energy stores station 10;With, undirectional thermal conducting 31, heat absorbing end 301 and release end of heat 302 are arranged in undirectional thermal conducting 31 Both ends.
The mixed cell 30 of the embodiment of the present invention, can be at energy stores station to release by increasing undirectional thermal conducting 31 When end temperature equipment releases energy, accurately energy is provided for temperature equipment.In addition, applying also for when energy stores station 10 and adjusting Between warm equipment (absorption edge temperature equipment 1011 or release end temperature equipment 1021) energy biography cannot be carried out by the direction of setting Defeated situation.When general progress heat transmitting, the low one end of temperature can only be transmitted to from the high one end of temperature, if in heat storage sites Temperature itself be higher than temperature equipment output medium temp, and at this point, heat storage sites there are many more heating load storage appearance Amount then can not carry out heat storage by direction initialization to heat storage sites at this time, will cause the heat stream of heat storage sites instead It loses, plays opposite effect.When heat storage sites carry out heat release, and identical problem can be encountered.Therefore the present invention is real It applies example and provides the mixed cell 30, using undirectional thermal conducting 31 to the matchmaker from temperature equipment guiding heat (cooling capacity) storage sites Jie's temperature, and be adjusted from the medium temp of heat (cooling capacity) storage sites guide device, it can be to release end temperature adjustment Equipment provides accurate energy, or energy storage sites 10 and temperature equipment is made normally to carry out heat transfer by direction initialization.
The mixed cell 30 of the embodiment of the present invention in heat absorbing end and is put on the basis of middle heat exchanger 20 above-mentioned Undirectional thermal conducting 31 is increased between hot end.Therefore, the structure setting of the absorption edge 301 of mixed cell 30 and release end of heat 302, And role is identical as the heat absorbing end 201 of middle heat exchanger 20 and release end of heat 202, can refer to foregoing teachings, herein It repeats no more.
Therefore, it according to the transfer heat exchanger I as described in Fig. 4 a to Fig. 4 f to middle VI structure of heat exchanger, in heat absorbing end and puts Increase undirectional thermal conducting 31 can successively obtain heat absorbing end between hot end and release end of heat corresponds to consistent mixed cell I to mixing Unit VI.Mixed cell II 30 as shown in figure 4g is the increase undirectional thermal conducting 31 on the basis of transfer heat exchanger II 20 It obtains, mixed cell VI 30 as shown in figure 4h is the increase undirectional thermal conducting 31 on the basis of middle heat exchanger VI 20 It obtains.
The mixed cell 30 of the embodiment of the present invention, undirectional thermal conducting 31 are realized heat (pressure) exchange of heat absorbing end extremely Release end of heat.Refrigerant heat exchanger or semiconductor temperature adjustor can specifically be used.
In an alternative embodiment, refrigerant heat exchanger includes evaporator 311, compressor (not shown), condenser 312 Heat-exchanging loop is connected and composed with expansion valve (not shown), four.Mixed cell 30 includes the heat-absorbing chamber of two adiabatic heat-insulations setting Room 303 and heat release chamber 304;Evaporator 311 and the heat absorbing end 301 of mixed cell 30 are oppositely arranged, and are arranged in heat absorption chamber In 303;Condenser 312 and the release end of heat 302 of mixed cell 30 are oppositely arranged, and are arranged in heat release chamber 304.
In an alternative embodiment, semiconductor temperature adjustor, including semiconductor chilling plate, setting are in semiconductor The first end heat exchanger of the first end of cooling piece and the second end heat exchanger and power supply unit of second end.Power supply unit is used for Electric energy is provided for semiconductor chilling plate.By controlling the direction of supply current, the first end and second of semiconductor chilling plate can be made It holds and is switched under the cold both of which of heat production and production.For example, first end is cold end under forward current, second end is heat End;Behind switching electric current direction, first end is switched to hot end, and second end is switched to cold end.Mixed cell 30 includes that two insulation are protected The heat absorption chamber 303 and heat release chamber 304 of temperature setting;First end heat exchanger and the heat absorbing end 301 of mixed cell 30 are oppositely arranged, And it is arranged in heat absorption chamber 303;Second end heat exchanger and the release end of heat 302 of mixed cell 30 are oppositely arranged, and are arranged and are being put In hot chamber 304.Determine that first end heat exchanger is hot end (or cold end) and second end heat exchanger is cold end according to actual conditions (or hot end).
When needing to provide accurate energy to release end temperature equipment, alternatively, energy stores station 10 and temperature equipment it Between when cannot carry out heat transmitting by direction initialization, start undirectional thermal conducting 31, force exchange to putting the heat of heat absorbing end 301 Hot end 302, then energy stores station 10 (perhaps absorption edge temperature equipment 1011 or release are transferred heat to by release end of heat 302 Hold temperature equipment 1021).
Middle heat exchanger is for shunting the energy discharged from energy stores station, and mixed cell is by multiple middle transition heats Energy that device distributes obtains setting energy after neutralizing, then by mixed cell will set energy export to the setting energy phase Matched temperature equipment side.Can matching accurately be provided to the release end temperature equipment of the energy release end with energy stores station Energy.Specifically, it is possible to provide the medium of matched temperature.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the effect of mixed cell 41 is that will there is the medium of different-energy (temperature) to mix, The medium of setting energy (set temperature) is obtained, then exports the medium to temperature equipment (release end temperature equipment 1021) Side.Therefore, in a kind of specific embodiment, as shown in figure 5 a and 5b, the chamber that there are two the tools of mixed cell 41 separates, one Feed liquor chamber 411, another is back to the fluid chamber room 412, and feed liquor chamber 411 has one or more input inlet tubes 4111, and One or more output outlet tube 4112;Back to the fluid chamber room 412 has one or more input outlet tubes 4122 and one or more A output inlet tube 4121.One input inlet tube 4111 and an input outlet tube 4122 constitute input terminal connecting pipeline group, One output inlet tube 4121 and an output outlet tube 4112 constitute output end connecting pipeline group.One input terminal connecting pipeline Group is connected to an output end pipeline group of middle heat exchanger, and the terminal of an output end pipeline group and temperature equipment side, which exchanges heat, to be filled Set connection.The input terminal connecting pipeline group of mixed cell 41 be two or more, for it is two or more in The connecting pipeline of first energy output end of heat exchanger is connected to.And the output end connecting pipeline group of mixed cell 41 can be one Group or multiple groups at one group, are only connected to the terminal heat-exchanger rig of a temperature equipment.When multiple groups, set respectively with multiple temperature adjustments Standby terminal heat-exchanger rig connection, provides energy for multiple temperature equipments, moreover, at this point, in each output end connecting pipeline group Upper setting controlled valve, facilitates the folding of control section connecting pipeline, provides energy to be embodied as one or more temperature equipments.
The invention is not limited to the structures for being described above and being shown in the accompanying drawings, and can not depart from its model It encloses and carry out various modifications and change.The scope of the present invention is limited only by the attached claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of control method of energy resource system, which is characterized in that for controlling an energy resource system, the energy resource system includes energy Storage sites and two or more humidifiers are measured, the energy stores station includes heat storage device, the humidifier packet Water tank is included, the water tank upper opens up venthole, and humidification heat exchanger is arranged in the water tank bottom;The energy resource system further includes more A middle heat exchanger and multiple mixed cells include heat exchanger and extremely at least one high temperature in the multiple middle heat exchanger Heat exchanger in few low temperature;The middle heat exchanger includes a heat absorbing end and multiple release end of heat, the middle heat exchanger Heat absorbing end be connected to the heat storage device, the release end of heat of the middle heat exchanger is connected to the suction of different mixed cells Hot end;The mixed cell includes two heat absorbing ends and a release end of heat, and one of heat absorbing end of the mixed cell connects The heat exchanger into the high temperature, another heat absorbing end of the mixed cell is connected to heat exchanger in the low temperature, described The release end of heat of mixed cell is connected to the humidification heat exchanger of a corresponding humidifier, two suctions of the mixed cell Hot end is respectively arranged with heat absorption valve, and the release end of heat of the mixed cell is provided with heat release valve;
The control method the following steps are included:
According to the target humidity of the humidifier, two heat absorption valves of the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier are controlled Service time;
According to the difference of the target humidity of the humidifier and actual humidity, the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled Heat release valve service time.
2. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that according to the target humidity of the humidifier, control and should add The step of service time of two heat absorption valves of the connected mixed cell of wet device, comprising:
According to the target humidity of the humidifier, the target temperature of medium in humidification heat exchanger is obtained;
According to the target temperature of medium in humidification heat exchanger, two heat absorption valves of the mixed cell being connected with the water heater are adjusted The service time of door.
3. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Obtain the quantity for the humidifier being currently running;
According to the quantity for the humidifier being currently running, the heat release valve point for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled Shi Kaitong.
4. method as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the quantity for the humidifier that the basis is currently running, control The step that the heat release valve timesharing for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is opened, comprising:
When the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is less than preset value, the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled Heat release valve is full-time open-minded.
5. method as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the quantity for the humidifier that the basis is currently running, control The step that the heat release valve timesharing for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is opened, comprising:
When the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than preset value, the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled Heat release valve timesharing is open-minded.
6. method as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that described to be preset when the quantity for the humidifier being currently running is greater than When value, the step that the heat release valve timesharing for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is opened is controlled, comprising: all humidification dresses It sets and cycle heat exchange is carried out using single-entry single-out switch mode.
7. the method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
According to the difference of the target humidity and actual humidity of the quantity for the humidifier being currently running and each humidifier, control Make the service time of the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with each humidifier.
8. the method for claim 7, which is characterized in that the heat release valve for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifierWherein, K is proportionality coefficient, Δ TnFor the target humidity of the humidifier and the difference of actual humidity, ΔTavFor the average value of the difference of the target humidity and actual humidity of each humidifier, tbaseFor benchmark service time.
9. method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the benchmark service time tbaseAccording to be currently running plus The quantity of wet device is arranged.
10. method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the Δ TnSubtract actual humidity for humidifier target humidity Difference, as Δ TnWhen≤0, the heat release valve shutdown for the mixed cell being connected with the humidifier is controlled.
CN201910018737.9A 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Control method of energy system Active CN109764453B (en)

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KR100463550B1 (en) * 2003-01-14 2004-12-29 엘지전자 주식회사 cooling and heating system
CN201212752Y (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-03-25 罗桂荣 One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof
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