CN109760788A - It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device - Google Patents

It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109760788A
CN109760788A CN201711094507.8A CN201711094507A CN109760788A CN 109760788 A CN109760788 A CN 109760788A CN 201711094507 A CN201711094507 A CN 201711094507A CN 109760788 A CN109760788 A CN 109760788A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bracket
solar
cabin
microcontroller
electric pushrod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711094507.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xi'an Informed Mdt Infotech Ltd
Xian Zhidian Information Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xi'an Informed Mdt Infotech Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xi'an Informed Mdt Infotech Ltd filed Critical Xi'an Informed Mdt Infotech Ltd
Priority to CN201711094507.8A priority Critical patent/CN109760788A/en
Publication of CN109760788A publication Critical patent/CN109760788A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to it is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device, including upper bracket, cabin and the lower bracket being from top to bottom fixedly connected sequentially, monitoring cabin is installed in cabin, the top of upper bracket is equipped with solar charging device, solar charging device includes solar energy photovoltaic panel, is arranged in the intracorporal solar controller in cabin and battery and electric pushrod, one end of electric pushrod and the other end of solar energy photovoltaic panel are hinged, and the other end of electric pushrod and the top of upper bracket are hinged;It further include the illuminance sensor that upper bracket both sides are set.The present invention can acquire the intensity of illumination of both direction by illuminance sensor, microcontroller is flexible according to the strong and weak control electric pushrod of the intensity of illumination in some direction, change the direction of solar energy photovoltaic panel, to enable solar energy photovoltaic panel to receive sufficient illumination at any time, improve charge efficiency, the charging time is extended, provides sufficient electric energy for the normal work of buoy.

Description

It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device
Technical field
The invention belongs to water quality monitoring equipment technical fields, and in particular to it is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy Device.
Background technique
Water quality monitoring be provided for national rational exploitation and utilization and protection water and soil resources one of system data of water quality it is important Element task, be Ecology, water resource, water security scientific management and protection basis.The purpose of water quality monitoring is timely, quasi- Really, comprehensively reflect quality of water environment status and development trend, it is pre- for monitoring water environment, management, planning, prevention and cure of pollution, ecology It is alert etc. that scientific basis is provided.
With the increasing of Environmental pollution management, more stringent requirements are proposed for the monitoring of environmental pollution.Though It so there is now and carry out water quality monitoring and detection, but the higher cost of which using buoyage, the electronic component of buoy needs Solar energy can be used in the prior art and charge to buoy, extend work to be worked for a long time for sufficient electric energy The energy is also ad save while time, still, at work, solar energy photovoltaic panel can not necessarily be by sunlight buoy at any time It charges, the charging time is limited, and buoy can not obtain sufficient electric energy.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve problem above existing in the prior art, the present invention provides it is a kind of can solar recharging water quality prison Survey buoyage.The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: it is a kind of can solar recharging water quality Monitering buoy device is installed in the cabin including upper bracket, cabin and the lower bracket being from top to bottom fixedly connected sequentially Cabin is monitored, the top of the upper bracket is equipped with solar charging device, and sun charging unit includes one end and the upper bracket The hinged solar energy photovoltaic panel in top, setting are in the intracorporal solar controller in the cabin and battery and electric pushrod, electricity One end of dynamic push rod and the other end of the solar energy photovoltaic panel are hinged, the top of the other end of electric pushrod and the upper bracket Hingedly;
The solar energy photovoltaic panel and battery are electrically connected with solar controller;
It further include the illuminance sensor that the upper bracket both sides are set, illuminance sensor is electrically connected with microcontroller, Microcontroller is electrically connected with the driving element of the electric pushrod.
It further, further include being arranged in the intracorporal rechargeable battery in the cabin, change-over switch, diode D and diode D, The battery, diode D, diode D, rechargeable battery are sequentially connected in series into unidirectional charge circuit, the battery, diode D, The power end of electric pushrod, the power supply circuit of microcontroller are sequentially connected in series into the performance loop of storage battery power supply, in rechargeable battery Anode and electric pushrod power end between connect change-over switch;
Change-over switch is electrically connected with the microcontroller, with realize timing turning off with connect change-over switch.
Further, measuring instrument is equipped in the monitoring cabin, measuring instrument is by lead and is arranged in the lower bracket On sensor module connection;The output end of measuring instrument is connected with the input terminal of the microcontroller;
It is additionally provided with wireless communication module in the cabin, for sending the monitoring data of the measuring instrument;Wireless communication module It is connect with the microcontroller interactive mode.
Further, the equal camera connecting with the microcontroller interactive mode and GPS days are additionally provided on the upper bracket Line.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention can acquire the intensity of illumination of both direction by illuminance sensor, micro- Controller is flexible according to the strong and weak control electric pushrod of the intensity of illumination in some direction, changes the direction of solar energy photovoltaic panel, makes On more sun light direct beams to solar energy photovoltaic panel, so that solar energy photovoltaic panel is enable to receive sufficient illumination at any time, Charge efficiency is improved, powers to charge the battery and to the electrical component of buoy, extends the charging time, is the normal of buoy Work provides sufficient electric energy.
The present invention is described in further details below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 be can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy apparatus structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 be can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device power supply circuit.
Fig. 3 be can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device circuit functional block diagram.
Specific embodiment
Reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined purpose is taken for the present invention is further explained, below in conjunction with attached drawing and reality Example is applied to a specific embodiment of the invention, structure feature and its effect, detailed description are as follows.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description the invention and simplifies description, rather than indicate Or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore cannot understand For the limitation to the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply Relative importance or the quantity for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.The feature of " first ", " second " etc. is defined as a result, It can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the invention, unless otherwise indicated, The meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
Term " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, be also possible to removable Connection is unloaded, or is integrally connected;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, it can also be in Between medium be indirectly connected, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can pass through Concrete condition understands concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the present embodiment provides a kind of water quality indicator buoy devices, including successively solid from top to bottom Surely upper bracket 1, cabin 2 and the lower bracket 3 connected, monitoring cabin 4 is installed in cabin 2, and the top of upper bracket 1 is equipped with the sun Energy charging unit, sun charging unit include one end solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 hinged with the top of upper bracket 1, are arranged in cabin Solar controller 17 and battery 18 and electric pushrod 5 in 2, one end and the solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 of electric pushrod 5 The other end is hinged, and the top of the other end and upper bracket 1 of electric pushrod 5 is hinged;Solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 and battery 18 with Solar controller 17 is electrically connected.Battery 18 is connect with the power supply circuit of the electrical component of buoy, is the normal work of buoy Power supply is provided.Electric pushrod 5 is flexible one end of solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 can be raised and lowered, to change solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 angle, enable too can light direct projection on solar energy photovoltaic panel 11, to obtain better intensity of illumination, improve the effect of charging Rate, and extend the time effectively charged.
Preferably, battery can provide power supply to each electronic component of buoyage, and general accumulator capacity is not low In 60Ah, solar energy photovoltaic panel power is not less than 40W.The electronic component of the present embodiment is powered by solar energy, rationally benefit With resource, cleanliness without any pollution is economic and environment-friendly.
1 both sides of upper bracket are equipped with illuminance sensor 6, and illuminance sensor 6 is electrically connected with microcontroller, microcontroller Device is electrically connected with the driving element of electric pushrod 5, and microcontroller is arranged in cabin 2.Illuminance sensor 6 passes through the induction sun The intensity of illumination of 11 two sides of energy photovoltaic panel sends the signal to the controller of unmanned plane, and controller controls electronic after Push rod 5 is flexible, to change the angle of solar energy photovoltaic panel 2, preferably to adapt to the direction of sunlight, receives sufficient light According to.
Preferably, microcontroller can be used in the controller that the control process in the present invention uses, and microcontroller is using existing The model of control function, for example, integrated chip of MSP430F5418 and peripheral circuit composition can be achieved in technology.Controller is Embedded electronic device includes corresponding circuit and software program.
Further further include setting in the intracorporal rechargeable battery 7 in cabin, change-over switch 8, diode D1 and diode D2, stores Battery 18, diode D1, diode D2, rechargeable battery 7 are sequentially connected in series into unidirectional charge circuit, battery 18, diode D1, electricity The power end 9 of dynamic push rod, the power supply circuit 10 of microcontroller are sequentially connected in series into the performance loop of the power supply of battery 18, in charging electricity Change-over switch 8 is connected between the anode in pond 7 and the power end 9 of electric pushrod;Change-over switch 8 is electrically connected with microcontroller, with Realize timing turning off with connect change-over switch 8.In use, utilizing 18 continued power of battery daytime, night closes change-over switch 8, it is powered using rechargeable battery 7.Do not make electric current logical when closing the work of rechargeable battery 7 of change-over switch 8 using diode D1 The electric energy that battery 18 flows back and wastes rechargeable battery 7 is crossed, its service life is improved.Using diode D2, opened when opening conversion When closing 8 with the work of battery 18, only with the power supply of battery 18 without making rechargeable battery 7 that electric energy be lost, while guaranteeing battery 18 Automatically it charges to rechargeable battery 7.It is used using battery 18 and the switching of rechargeable battery 7, when daytime is worked using solar battery 3 It is not required to switch, its service life is used continuously up to 10 years or more;Night is powered using rechargeable battery 7, and when voltage is lower, daytime can Using solar battery automatic charging, high performance rechargeable battery can charge 700 times or more (such as ML2032) repeatedly, normal use Battery is not needed to change in 3 years, improves service life.
Further, measuring instrument 12 is equipped in monitoring cabin 4, measuring instrument 12 is by lead and is arranged on lower bracket 3 Sensor module 13 connect;The output end of measuring instrument 12 is connected with the input terminal of microcontroller;It is additionally provided in cabin 2 wireless Communication module, for sending the monitoring data of measuring instrument 12;Wireless communication module is connect with microcontroller interactive mode.Sensor Component 13 carries out the measurement of water quality parameters dissolved oxygen, pH value, temperature and ammonia nitrogen etc., and passes through measuring instrument 12, microcontroller Device and the strong data of wireless communication module are sent to base station on the bank.
Further, the camera 15 and GPS antenna 16 connecting with microcontroller interactive mode are additionally provided on upper bracket 1. Camera 15 can obtain image waterborne, it can be determined that the environment around cabin 2 is if appropriate for monitoring, if having and be unfavorable for monitoring Factor, such as whether there is birds to seek connections with.GPS antenna can accurately position the position of buoyage, and whether detection device is referring to Determine to improve work efficiency in waters to adjust in time and accuracy.Microcontroller sends image information and location information To base station on the bank.
The working principle of the invention or the course of work are as follows: buoyage is put into waters, when the needs of cabin 2 are moved to finger When determining waters, sensor module 13 can be controlled by remote operation microcontroller and started to work, measuring instrument 12 and microcontroller By data, the monitoring data of sensor module 13 are transmitted to base station on the bank by module by wireless communication.Illuminance sensor 6 is logical The intensity of illumination for crossing induction 11 two sides of solar energy photovoltaic panel sends the signal to microcontroller, and microcontroller is after, control Electric pushrod 5 processed is flexible, and electric pushrod 5 is flexible one end of solar energy photovoltaic panel 11 can be raised and lowered, to change the sun Can photovoltaic panel 11 angle, enable too can light direct projection on solar energy photovoltaic panel 11.
The above content is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with specific preferred embodiments, and it cannot be said that Specific implementation of the invention is only limited to these instructions.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, exist Under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, all shall be regarded as belonging to of the invention Protection scope.

Claims (4)

1. one kind can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device, including be from top to bottom fixedly connected sequentially upper bracket (1), Cabin (2) and lower bracket (3) are installed with monitoring cabin (4) on the cabin (2), it is characterised in that: the upper bracket (1) Top is equipped with solar charging device, and solar charging device includes one end sun hinged with the top of the upper bracket (1) It can the solar controller (17) and battery (18) and electric pushrod of photovoltaic panel (11), setting in the cabin (2) (5), one end of electric pushrod (5) and the other end of the solar energy photovoltaic panel (11) are hinged, the other end of electric pushrod (5) with The top of the upper bracket (1) is hinged;
The solar energy photovoltaic panel (11) and battery (18) are electrically connected with solar controller (17);
It further include illuminance sensor (6) of the setting in the upper bracket (1) both sides, illuminance sensor (6) and microcontroller Device electrical connection, microcontroller are electrically connected with the driving element of the electric pushrod (5).
2. one kind according to claim 1 can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device, it is characterised in that: further include Rechargeable battery (7), change-over switch (8), diode D1 and the diode D2 being arranged in the cabin (2), the battery (18), diode D1, diode D2, rechargeable battery (7) are sequentially connected in series into unidirectional charge circuit, the battery (18), two poles Pipe D1, the power end (9) of electric pushrod, microcontroller power supply circuit (10) be sequentially connected in series into battery (18) power supply work Circuit connects change-over switch (8) between the anode and the power end (9) of electric pushrod of rechargeable battery (7);
Change-over switch (8) is electrically connected with the microcontroller, with realize timing turning off with connect change-over switch (8).
3. one kind according to claim 1 or 2 can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device, it is characterised in that: institute It states in monitoring cabin (4) and is equipped with measuring instrument (12), measuring instrument (12) passes through lead and the biography being arranged on the lower bracket (3) Sensor component (13) connection;The output end of measuring instrument (12) is connected with the input terminal of the microcontroller;
It is additionally provided with wireless communication module in the cabin (2), for sending the monitoring data of the measuring instrument (12);Channel radio Letter module is connect with the microcontroller interactive mode.
4. one kind according to claim 3 can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device, it is characterised in that: on described The equal camera (15) and GPS antenna (16) connecting with the microcontroller interactive mode is additionally provided on bracket (1).
CN201711094507.8A 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device Withdrawn CN109760788A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711094507.8A CN109760788A (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711094507.8A CN109760788A (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109760788A true CN109760788A (en) 2019-05-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711094507.8A Withdrawn CN109760788A (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 It is a kind of can solar recharging water quality indicator buoy device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109760788A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110316320A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-10-11 山东交通学院 A kind of area solar energy Xing Gang navigation mark acquiring water sample
CN110775198A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-11 绍兴市亚索新能源科技有限公司 Buoy driven by solar energy and used for sea surface
CN113734359A (en) * 2021-11-04 2021-12-03 烟台千位物联网科技有限公司 Fishing boat positioning buoy

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110316320A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-10-11 山东交通学院 A kind of area solar energy Xing Gang navigation mark acquiring water sample
CN110316320B (en) * 2019-06-27 2020-09-29 山东交通学院 Solar energy type harbor area navigation mark capable of collecting water sample
CN110775198A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-11 绍兴市亚索新能源科技有限公司 Buoy driven by solar energy and used for sea surface
CN113734359A (en) * 2021-11-04 2021-12-03 烟台千位物联网科技有限公司 Fishing boat positioning buoy
CN113734359B (en) * 2021-11-04 2021-12-31 烟台千位物联网科技有限公司 Fishing boat positioning buoy

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Application publication date: 20190517