A kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses
The invention belongs to fit up technical field of tools more particularly to a kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses.
Nailing gun is divided into hand pop riveter and the nailing gun with power source, and power source nailing gun is generally comprised and pneumatically penetrated
Nail gun and electric nail gun；Indoors in finishing, hand pop riveter is low relative to power source nailing gun working efficiency, is of little use.
But does not have under gas source or temporary power blackout situation in finishing indoors, and be badly in need of catching up with project progress at this time, then hand pop riveter is just
It is spare selection, it is high-efficient than pounding nail with hammer manually.Based on this, need to design a kind of efficient hand pop riveter.
In order to guarantee that hand pop riveter adapts to different construction spaces, when especially carrying out nailing so in narrow space, traditional nailing gun
It is difficult to be competent at, and the nailing gun of the design can effectively solve the above problem.
The present invention design a kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses solve the problems, such as it is as above.
Summary of the invention
To solve drawbacks described above in the prior art, the present invention discloses a kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses, it is to adopt
It is realized with following technical scheme.
A kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses, it is characterised in that: it includes that top has at one jiao of mounting groove and bottom
Shell equipped with opening is slidably mounted on the U-shaped set of shell outer bottom, and the square type set being slidably mounted on outside U-shaped set is packed in shell
The A guide rail and B guide rail of internal bottom, are packed in the fixed block of bottom at shell nozzle, be packed in shell bottom and through to
The E guide rail of the outer top surface of shell, is slidably mounted on the second rack gear of A guide rail, B pouring weight, C pouring weight and the D being slidably mounted in B guide rail
Pouring weight is slidably mounted on the E pouring weight of E guide rail, further includes cartridge, the first rack gear, A gear, C gear, B gear, A one-way clutch
Device, B one-way clutch, wherein the adjustable plate that top is fixed with adjusting rod is slidably mounted in X sliding slot set by fixed block, X sliding slot
In be equipped with for adjust sheet reset X spring；B shaft one end passes through the circular hole that the B one-way clutch being arranged is mounted on adjustable plate
In, the other end is equipped with B gear；A shaft one end is mounted in another circular hole of adjustable plate by bearing, and it is mono- that the other end is arranged with A
To clutch, A gear is on A one-way clutch periphery, and C gear is in the middle part of A shaft；B gear is engaged with C gear, B tooth
Wheel cooperates with the second rack gear；Shell outer bottom is mounted in by telescopic rod by collision block, S spring pocket is on telescopic rod and is mounted on shell
Outer bottom and by between dress block；The first rack gear is fixed on collision block, the first rack gear is engaged with A gear.
B guide rail is between A guide rail and E guide rail；The A spring for the second tooth bar resets is equipped in A guide rail；Second rack gear one
End is connected across B guide rail and B pouring weight；Bottom is equipped with the C pouring weight of card slot between B pouring weight and D pouring weight；B pouring weight and C pouring weight it
Between be equipped with B spring；Top is slidably mounted in the middle part of B guide rail inner bottom surface with the fixture block on high inclination-angle inclined-plane and small inclination inclined-plane and opens up
K sliding slot in, the K spring that resets for fixture block is equipped in K sliding slot；The card slot of fixture block and C pouring weight cooperates；Connecting rod one end is hinged on D
Pouring weight deviates from the side lower end of C pouring weight, and the other end is hinged on the side lower end that E pouring weight corresponds to D pouring weight；Upper surface is fixed with striker
Supporting block and E pouring weight side be connected；The E spring resetted for E pouring weight is equipped in E guide rail；A upper end is hit to consolidate with E pouring weight bottom
Even, the square through slot that lower end and housing bottom are provided with cooperates.
There is the cartridge of binding slot to be packed in mounting groove for inside, and the top of cartridge is equipped with buckle closure, and cartridge is provided with
The nail mouth of perforation, nail mouth are communicated with binding slot；Pushing block slides in binding slot, and pushing away spring, to be mounted on pushing block remote with binding slot
From between the groove face of nail mouth；The top of striker and nail mouth cooperate.
It hits a lower end and is packed in bottom in square type set, when constructing in wide space, hit a upper end and be pierced by square type set and quilt
Hit item cooperation；When constructing in narrow space, hit a upper end be pierced by square type set cooperate with by collision block.
Preferably, the outer two sides of above-mentioned shell symmetrically open that there are two sliding grooves；Two U-shaped buckles having at the top of U-shaped set are sliding
It is dynamic to be installed in two sliding grooves；Two Symmetric Y guide blocks that U-shaped set bottom has are slidably mounted on two sides in square type set and symmetrically open
If Y guide groove in.Y guide block prevents square type set to be detached from from U-shaped set, and U-shaped buckle prevents U-shaped set to be detached from from shell.
Preferably, above-mentioned X sliding slot two sides are symmetrically provided with X guide groove, and the X guide block that adjustable plate two sides of the bottom have is slidably mounted on
In two X guide grooves；One end of two X springs is respectively fixedly connected two X guide groove bottoms, and the other end is respectively fixedly connected in two X guide blocks
Bottom；Two X springs are in compressive state always；Two symmetrical K guide blocks that above-mentioned fixture block bottom has are slidably mounted on K sliding slot
In the K guide groove that two sides symmetrically open up；One end of two K springs is respectively fixedly connected two K guide groove bottoms, the other end respectively with two
K guide block is connected；Two K springs are in compressive state always.X guide block prevents adjustable plate to be detached from from fixed block；Without external force
When, X guide block can guarantee that X spring is in compressive state.K guide block prevents fixture block to be detached from from K sliding slot；When without external force, K guide block energy
Guarantee that K spring is in compressive state.
Preferably, it is symmetrically provided with A guide groove on inner wall above and below A guide rail, the second rack gear two be equipped with A symmetrical above and below is led
Block is slided on respectively in two A guide grooves；One end of two A springs is respectively fixedly connected on two A guide groove groove faces, the other end respectively with
Two A guide blocks are connected；Two sides are symmetrically provided with B guide groove in B guide rail, and two B guide blocks that B pouring weight is symmetrically fixedly mounted with slide on two respectively
In B guide groove, two C guide blocks that C pouring weight is symmetrically fixedly mounted with are slided on respectively in two B guide grooves, and two D that D pouring weight is symmetrically fixedly mounted with are led
Block is slided on respectively in two B guide grooves；E guide groove is symmetrically provided in E guide rail on two sides, the symmetrical E of two had on E pouring weight is led
Block is slided on respectively in two E guide grooves；One end of two E springs is connected with two E guide groove bottoms respectively, and the other end is respectively with two
A E guide block is connected；Binding slot two sides are symmetrically provided with T guide groove, and the symmetrical T guide block of two had on pushing block slides on two T respectively
In guide groove.A guide block assists the second rack gear smooth sliding；B guide block prevents B pouring weight to be detached from from B guide rail；C guide block prevents C pouring weight from B
Guide rail is detached from；D guide block prevents D pouring weight to be detached from from B guide rail；E guide block prevents E pouring weight to be detached from from E guide rail；The anti-thrust block of T guide block from
Binding slot is detached from.
Preferably, holding tank is provided on the above-mentioned B guide rail wall surface opposite with D pouring weight；It is opposite with D pouring weight positioned at holding tank
Cushion is respectively arranged on groove face；The hinge joint of connecting rod and D pouring weight cooperates with holding tank；Holding tank is used to accommodate connecting rod and D pouring weight
Hinged end, cushion can effectively buffer D pouring weight and hit the impact failure that B guide rail end surface generates.The A outside diameter of gear is greater than the C outside diameter of gear,
C gear is identical as B gear size.Gear size is set at, and sacrifices A gear rotation speed to make B gear export larger torsion
Small inclination inclined-plane of the acute angle that high inclination-angle inclined-plane on fixture block and horizontal plane are constituted between 75 ° ~ 85 °, on fixture block
With horizontal plane constitute acute angle between 5 ° ~ 15 °, be thus able to satisfy C pouring weight it is more difficult crossed from fixture block and make C pouring weight reset
It is easy to cross fixture block in the process.
The top surface of cartridge is slightly below the outer top surface of shell, and when top surface absorbs impact power outside shell in this way, cartridge is not required to
It absorbs impact power and is protected.
Buckle closure function can play the lid of encapsulation battery as used when packed battery inside toy；Buckle closure of the present invention uses
The prior art.
Relative to traditional nailing gun, the present invention can be completed just manually and there is also two kinds of scheme choices,
It is easy to use under different construction environments；The direct impact for hitting item to E pouring weight can be realized in wide space, it is most effective to ensure that
Nailing effect；Traditional nailing gun can be equally completed in narrow space and is difficult to competent task, may be implemented to hit item to E pouring weight
Impact is connect, preferably ensure that nailing effect.In addition, when catching up with project progress in a hurry in face of indoor temporarily power blackout situation for work
People is spare, and construction speed is effectively ensured.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is two visual angle figures of nailing gun.
Fig. 2 is shell entirety and internal cross section figure.
Fig. 3 is U-shaped buckle installation diagram and cross-section front view.
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of square type set section and U-shaped set.
Fig. 5 is two figures that housing interior structure section is faced.
Fig. 6 is the installation diagram of B gear and C gear.
Fig. 7 is the installation section of adjustable plate and the structure chart of fixed block.
Fig. 8 is the structure and sectional view of A guide rail, B guide rail, E guide rail and cartridge.
Fig. 9 is the installation sectional view of B pouring weight, C pouring weight and D pouring weight.
Figure 10 is the installation sectional view of connecting rod.
Figure 11 is fixture block installation section partial enlargement front view.
Figure 12 is the structure chart of C pouring weight and fixture block.
Figure 13 is the installation sectional view of E pouring weight.
Figure 14 is the installation sectional view of cartridge and pushing block.
Figure 15 is the installation sectional view of T guide block.
Figure 16 is that striker and nailing plate cooperate sectional view.
Figure 17 is to hit item and cooperated, hit item and hit item cooperation front view by collision block.
Figure label title: 1, shell；2, U-shaped set；3, square type set；4, sliding groove；5, it is open；6, fixed block；7, it stretches
Bar；8, S spring；9, by collision block；10, square through slot；12, E guide rail；13, buckle closure；14, cartridge；15, B guide rail；16, A guide rail；
17, mounting groove；18, U-shaped buckle；19, item is hit；20, Y guide block；21, Y guide groove；22, the second rack gear；23, adjusting rod；24, A tooth
Wheel；25, the first rack gear；26, B gear；27, C gear；28, A guide block；29, A spring；30, B pouring weight；31, fixture block；32, C pouring weight；
33, D pouring weight；34, connecting rod；35, item is hit；36, E pouring weight；37, striker；38, pushing block；39, adjustable plate；40, B shaft；41, B is mono-
To clutch；42, X guide block；43, X spring；44, A one-way clutch；45, A shaft；46, X sliding slot；47, X guide groove；48, A is led
Slot；49, B guide groove；50, K sliding slot；51, K guide groove；52, E guide groove；53, B guide block；54, C guide block；55, D guide block；56, cushion；57,
Holding tank；58, B spring；59, supporting block；60, high inclination-angle inclined-plane；61, small inclination inclined-plane；62, K guide block；63, K spring；64, block
Slot；65, E guide block；66, E spring；67, spring is pushed away；68, binding slot；69, T guide groove；70, nail mouth；71, T guide block；72, nailing
A kind of nailing gun that interior decoration uses, as shown in Fig. 2,5, it includes that top has one jiao of mounting groove 17 and bottom
Place be equipped with opening 5 shell 1, be slidably mounted on 1 outer bottom of shell U-shaped set 2, be slidably mounted on outside U-shaped set 2 square type set 3,
Be packed in bottom in shell 1 A guide rail 16 and B guide rail 15, be packed in shell 1 opening 5 at bottom fixed block 6, be packed in shell
In body 1 bottom and through to the outer top surface of shell 1 E guide rail 12, be slidably mounted on the second rack gear 22 of A guide rail 16, be slidably installed
B pouring weight 30, C pouring weight 32 and D pouring weight 33 in B guide rail 15, are slidably mounted on the E pouring weight 36 of E guide rail 12, as shown in fig. 7, its
The adjustable plate 39 that middle top is fixed with adjusting rod 23 is slidably mounted in X sliding slot 46 set by fixed block 6, is equipped with and is supplied in X sliding slot 46
The X spring 43 that adjustable plate 39 resets；As shown in fig. 6,40 one end of B shaft, which passes through the B one-way clutch 41 being arranged, is mounted on adjusting
In one circular hole of plate 39, the other end is equipped with B gear 26；45 one end of A shaft is mounted on another circular hole of adjustable plate 39 by bearing
In, the other end is arranged with A one-way clutch 44, and on 44 periphery of A one-way clutch, C gear 27 turns A gear 24 mounted in A
45 middle part of axis；B gear 26 is engaged with C gear 27, as shown in figure 5, B gear 26 and the second rack gear 22 cooperate；As shown in Figure 5,6,
1 outer bottom of shell is mounted in by telescopic rod 7 by collision block 9,8 sets of S spring on telescopic rod 7 and are mounted on 1 outer bottom of shell and quilt
It fills between block；The first rack gear 25 is fixed on collision block 9, the first rack gear 25 is engaged with A gear 24.
As shown in Fig. 2, B guide rail 15 is between A guide rail 16 and E guide rail 12；It is equipped in A guide rail 16 multiple for the second rack gear 22
The A spring 29 of position；As shown in figure 5,22 one end of the second rack gear passes through B guide rail 15 and B pouring weight 30 is connected；As shown in Figure 10,12, bottom
Portion is equipped with the C pouring weight 32 of card slot 64 between B pouring weight 30 and D pouring weight 33；As shown in figure 11, between B pouring weight 30 and C pouring weight 32
Equipped with B spring 58；There is the fixture block 31 on high inclination-angle inclined-plane 60 and small inclination inclined-plane 61 to be slidably mounted on 15 inner bottom surface of B guide rail on top
In the K sliding slot 50 that middle part opens up, the K spring 63 resetted for fixture block 31 is equipped in K sliding slot 50；The card slot of fixture block 31 and C pouring weight 32
64 cooperations；As shown in Figure 10,34 one end of connecting rod is hinged on the side lower end that D pouring weight 33 deviates from C pouring weight 32, and the other end is hinged on E
The side lower end of the corresponding D pouring weight 33 of pouring weight 36；Upper surface is fixed with the supporting block 59 of striker 37 and 36 side of E pouring weight is connected；E is led
The E spring 66 resetted for E pouring weight 36 is equipped in rail 12；It is connected as shown in figure 5, being hit 35 upper end of item with 36 bottom of E pouring weight, lower end
Cooperate with the square through slot 10 that 1 bottom of shell is provided with.
As shown in figure 14, the internal cartridge with binding slot 68 is packed in mounting groove 17, and the top of cartridge is equipped with
Buckle closure 13, cartridge are provided with the nail mouth 70 of perforation, and nail mouth 70 is communicated with binding slot 68；Pushing block 38 slides in binding slot,
Spring 67 is pushed away to be mounted between the groove face of pushing block 38 and binding slot far from nail mouth 70；Match with nail mouth 70 on the top of striker 37
As shown in figure 4, hitting 19 lower end of item is packed in bottom in square type set 3, when constructing in wide space, 19 upper end of item is hit
Square type set 3 is pierced by cooperate with item 35 is hit；When constructing in narrow space, hits 19 upper end of item and be pierced by square type set and 3 match with by collision block 9
As shown in Figure 1,3, the outer two sides of above-mentioned shell 1 are symmetrically opened there are two sliding groove 4；Two U having at the top of U-shaped set 2
Type buckle 18 is slidably mounted in two sliding grooves 4；As shown in Figure 3,4, two Symmetric Y guide blocks 20 that U-shaped 2 bottom of set has are sliding
It is dynamic to be mounted in the Y guide groove 21 that two sides symmetrically open up in square type set 3.
As shown in fig. 7, above-mentioned 46 two sides of X sliding slot are symmetrically provided with X guide groove 47, the X guide block that 39 two sides of the bottom of adjustable plate have
42 are slidably mounted in two X guide grooves 47；One end of two X springs 43 is respectively fixedly connected in two 47 bottoms of X guide groove, the other end point
It is not connected in two 42 bottoms of X guide block；Two X springs 43 are in compressive state always；As shown in figure 11, above-mentioned 31 bottom of fixture block
The symmetrical K guide block 62 of two had is slidably mounted in the K guide groove 51 that 50 two sides of K sliding slot symmetrically open up；The one of two K springs 63
End is respectively fixedly connected two 51 bottoms of K guide groove, and the other end is connected with two K guide blocks 62 respectively；Two K springs 63 are always in pressure
As shown in figure 8, A guide groove 48 is symmetrically provided on about 16 inner wall of A guide rail, as shown in figure 5, the second about 22 rack gear
Two A guide blocks 28 being symmetrically installed with are slided on respectively in two A guide grooves 48；One end of two A springs 29 is respectively fixedly connected two
On a 48 groove face of A guide groove, the other end is connected with two A guide blocks 28 respectively；As shown in Figure 8,9, two sides are symmetrically provided in B guide rail 15
B guide groove 49, two B guide blocks 53 that B pouring weight 30 is symmetrically fixedly mounted with are slided on respectively in two B guide grooves 49, what C pouring weight 32 was symmetrically fixedly mounted with
Two C guide blocks 54 are slided on respectively in two B guide grooves 49, and two D guide blocks 55 that D pouring weight 33 is symmetrically fixedly mounted with slide on two respectively
In B guide groove 49；As shown in figure 13, E guide groove 52 is symmetrically provided in E guide rail 12 on two sides, two had on E pouring weight 36 are symmetrical
E guide block 65 is slided on respectively in two E guide grooves 52；One end of two E springs 66 is connected with two 52 bottoms of E guide groove respectively, separately
One end is connected with two E guide blocks 65 respectively；As shown in figure 15,68 two sides of binding slot are symmetrically provided with T guide groove 69, have on pushing block 38
Two symmetrical T guide blocks 71 slided in two T guide grooves 69 respectively.
As shown in figure 9, being provided with holding tank 57 on above-mentioned B guide rail 15 wall surface opposite with D pouring weight 33；Positioned at holding tank 57 with
Cushion 56 is respectively arranged on the opposite groove face of D pouring weight 33；The hinge joint of connecting rod 34 and D pouring weight 33 cooperates with holding tank 57；Such as Fig. 6 institute
Show, 24 outer diameter of A gear is greater than 27 outer diameter of C gear, and C gear 27 is identical as 26 size of B gear.
As shown in figure 16, nailing plate 72 is placed in the binding slot of cartridge 14 by the present invention using preceding, is penetrated under this state
72 one end of nail-plate squeezes pushing block 38, pushes away spring 67 and is in compressive state, the other end is located at nail mouth 70；During nailing,
Under the promotion for pushing away spring 67, the space for being emitted nail is filled in one end of nailing plate 72 automatically.
Implementing procedure of the present invention: under original state, B spring 58 is in micro- tension state, and fixture block 31 is located in card slot 64, K bullet
Spring 63 is in compressive state, and A spring 29 is in minute-pressure state；X spring 43 is in compressive state, B gear 26 and the second rack gear 22
Engagement；E pouring weight is pulled away from E guide groove close to nailing one end by E spring 66, hits space to retain, 37 top of striker is located at nail mouth
At 70, is hit 35 bottom end of item and be located at square through slot 10.
When constructing in wide space, in Figure 17 shown in (b), U-shaped set 2 is pulled to sliding groove 4 close to E guide rail 12 manually
One end, hit item 19 at this time and to be hit item 35 opposite；Construction object is touched at the top of shell 1, manually with making square type cover 3 to shell energetically
1 direction is moved rapidly, is hit 10 moment of 19 classical prescription through slot of item and is hit hit item 35 energetically, E pouring weight 36 and striker 37 follow and hit item
35 movements, 70 moment of nail mouth of striker 37 are hit a nail of nailing plate 72 energetically, and nail is banged into construction object；Phase
Between, E pouring weight 36 pulls D pouring weight 33 to move through connecting rod 34, and E spring 66 is stretched.After once hitting energetically, hand-reset square type set
3, E pouring weight 36 and the mobile reset of striker 37 under the reset response of E spring 66.The reciprocal process hit energetically above-mentioned several times, with
Guarantee that nail can be completely into harder construction object.Repeat above-mentioned one nail process of injection.
When constructing in narrow space, in Figure 17 shown in (a), U-shaped set 2 is pulled to sliding groove 4 far from E guide rail 12 manually
One end, it is opposite with by collision block 9 to hit item 19 at this time；The nailing mouth of shell 1 gos deep into narrow space and fitting construction object, and square type
Set 3 is located at outside narrow space；Square type set is moved 3 rapidly to 1 direction of shell with moderate force, hitting 19 moment of item hits by collision block 9,
Since then impact block drives the first rack gear 25 unhappy to the movement of 1 direction of shell to the buffering of S spring 8, the first rack gear 25 is through A gear 24, A
One-way clutch 44, A shaft 45, C gear 27 and B gear 26 drive the second rack gear 22 mobile to 30 direction of B pouring weight, A spring 29
It is compressed；Period, A one-way clutch 44 play unidirectional drive, and B one-way clutch 41 does not limit 40 direction of rotation of B shaft.The
Two rack gears 22 squeeze B spring 58 through B pouring weight 30, due to limit of the high inclination-angle inclined-plane 60 to C pouring weight 32 of fixture block 31, C pouring weight 32
It is difficult to cross fixture block 31, B spring 58 is compressed.Square type set 3 is pulled down, by collision block 9 and the first tooth under the reset response of S spring 8
Item 25 is mobile to be resetted, during which, A one-way clutch 44 surmount effect under, the reversion of A gear 24 and A shaft 45 is nonreversible；Second
Rack gear 22 has mobile reset trend under the reset response of A spring 29, but B one-way clutch 41 limits B shaft 40 and B gear 26
Reversion, therefore reset movement does not occur for the second rack gear 22.The above-mentioned item 19 that hits is repeated to hit by 9 process of collision block, A spring 29 and B spring
58 continue to be compressed；As 58 decrement of B spring is gradually increased, C pouring weight 32 squeezes 31 high inclination-angle inclined-plane 60 of fixture block and makes fixture block
31 to slowly move downward amplitude increasing；When 58 decrement of B spring reaches a certain amount of, C pouring weight 32 can just be crossed at this time
31 high inclination-angle inclined-plane 60 of fixture block, the continuation of K spring 63 are compressed, and it is fast under the abrupt release power of B spring 58 to cross fixture block 31 at this time
Speed hits D pouring weight 33, and D pouring weight 33 drives E pouring weight 36 and striker 37 quickly to fast move to 14 direction of cartridge, hits through connecting rod 34
The nail that needle 37 hits nailing plate 72 squeezes into construction object.
After shock nailing plate 72 of striker 37, nail is not necessarily squeezed into completely in construction object；It so pulls and adjusts
Bar 23 drives adjustable plate 39 adjustable plate 39 can be followed to transport to far from the movement of 22 direction of the second rack gear, 39 upper shaft of adjustable plate and gear
Dynamic, the continuation of X spring 43 is compressed, and the disengaging of B gear 26 is engaged with the second rack gear 22, and then the second rack gear 22 is in the work of A spring 29
Initial position is reset to lower movement；Period, B spring 58 restore long to original, and the second rack gear 22 is pulled through B pouring weight 30, B spring 58
C pouring weight 32, which moves, to be resetted, and due to the smaller resistance on 31 small inclination inclined-plane 61 of fixture block, C pouring weight 32 is easy for fixture block 31 to be expressed to K cunning
In slot 50；When the recovery of A spring 29 to initial minute-pressure state, the reset force of A spring 29 makes the mobile C weight resetted after transmitting
Stop when the card slot 64 of block 32 is with 31 relative position of fixture block, under 63 reset response of K spring, fixture block 31 is reinserted into card slot 64
In.The external force for removing adjusting rod 23, under 43 reset response of X spring, B gear 26 is engaged with the second rack gear 22 again, next
It repeats striker 37 and hits 72 process of nailing plate, until nail squeezes into construction object completely.
S spring of the present invention can be buffered effectively and hit an instant impact, so that engaging between the first rack gear and A gear will not
By large impact power, reach protection gear purpose；In addition, B spring can get up the energy storage of reciprocating percus-sion, reach enough
Abrupt release afterwards, so that C pouring weight obtains large impact power, it is final to guarantee that strength is enough big when striker impact nailing plate, guarantees nailing effect
Nailing casket of the invention is mainly packed into the matched nailing plate of model, to guarantee the normal use of this nailing gun.