CN109743957A - Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine - Google Patents

Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109743957A
CN109743957A CN201910150361.7A CN201910150361A CN109743957A CN 109743957 A CN109743957 A CN 109743957A CN 201910150361 A CN201910150361 A CN 201910150361A CN 109743957 A CN109743957 A CN 109743957A
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China
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elastic claw
grid
rack
shaft
film
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CN201910150361.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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艾海提·阿卜力米提
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艾海提·阿卜力米提
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Priority to CN201910150361.7A priority Critical patent/CN109743957A/en
Publication of CN109743957A publication Critical patent/CN109743957A/en
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Abstract

This application involves used plastic collection machinery technical fields, it is that one kind pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine, it includes rack, pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning device, elastic claw grid row conveyer belt, wind removing machine, clear film blower, actuating unit and collecting box, frame front, which is equipped with, pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning device, central rack is equipped with the row's conveyer belt of the elastic claw grid for collecting residual film, and the front of elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt has and can convey the elastic claw band of residual film defeated film section upwards upwards.The application reasonable and compact in structure, it is easy to use, it is uprooped cotton stalk by pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning device, cotton stalk, cotton root are smashed and are delivered to equipment side and realizes straw-returning, it arranges conveyer belt by elastic claw grid the residual film in soil is chosen and is delivered up, sundries is efficiently separated by wind removing machine, conveyer belt is arranged by clear film blower and elastic claw grid and effectively separates residual film with elastic claw, has the characteristics that good combination property, reliable operation, simplicity, efficient.

Description

Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine
Technical field
It is that one kind pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine this application involves used plastic collection machinery technical field.
Background technique
Farmland film-covering planting has especially obtained a very wide range of use in arid area in various regions at present, especially uses extensively In the film-covering planting of cotton, but after cotton harvesting, need to recycle mulch by used plastic collection machinery, in order to avoid cause soil property plate Knot is degenerated, soil quality decline, is reduced environmental pollution.The existing used plastic collection machinery overwhelming majority is collected by spike-tooth And residual film is conveyed, and it being easy to hang attached residual film on spike-tooth, be not easily cleaned, the impurity such as cotton leaf, soil for adhering on the mulch of recycling are more, The mechanical continuous operation of recycling can have not only been seriously affected, and has influenced to seriously affect the subsequent processing of recycling mulch, or even lead It causes it not utilize again, causes environmental pollution.In addition, existing used plastic collection machinery is when recycling mulch, in order to avoid cotton Cotton stalk is typically smashed carry out chopping and returning by straw-returning machinery by interference of the stalk to machine for recycling mulch film tool, But the cotton stalk that existing straw-returning machinery is smashed often is fallen in above mulch, and can not usually be removed and be buried in the soil Cotton root, more influence the recycling of mulch, cause stalk, root stubble and mulch in the mulch of recycling mutually to wind, and cause residual Film recycling resultant effect is poor, recycles the major reason that impurity content is more in mulch.
Summary of the invention
The one kind that has been designed to provide of the application pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine, overcomes the above-mentioned prior art Deficiency, can effectively solve existing used plastic collection machinery there are spike-tooth attached residual film easy to hang, be not easily cleaned, by returning to the field machinery into Row straw-returning can not cleaning cotton root, recycling mulch containing matter it is more, used plastic collection resultant effect is poor, seriously affect recycle machinery holds Continuous operation causes to recycle the problem of mulch can not utilize again.
The purpose of the application is achieved in that one kind pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine, including rack, pulls out cotton stalk Chopping and returning device, elastic claw grid row conveyer belt, wind removing machine, clear film blower, actuating unit and collecting box, frame front peace Equipped with cotton stalk crushing returning device is pulled out, central rack is equipped with the row's conveyer belt of the elastic claw grid for collecting residual film, the elastic claw grid There is the elastic claw band that can convey residual film upwards in the front of row's conveyer belt, and defeated film section, the elastic claw grid arrange the rear portion of conveyer belt upwards The elastic claw band of residual film defeated film section backward can rearward be conveyed by having, and defeated film section tilts the elastic claw band along low early and high after direction upwards Setting is arranged along the vertical direction, and corresponding elastic claw band is equipped with and can be sent to the back lower place in the rack of defeated film section front position upwards The wind removing machine of wind, defeated film section is obliquely installed or horizontally disposed the elastic claw band along low early and high after direction backward, corresponding Elastic claw band is equipped with the clear film blower that can be blown rearwardly and upwardly, rack rear portion in the rack of lower position in the middle part of defeated film section backward Equipped with collecting box.
Further, pull out cotton stalk crushing returning device include over body case, rod-pulling device, crushing device, spiral conveyer, Exhaust blower is blown, the preceding lower end of over body case is equipped with feeding mouth, and the front of over body case is equipped with rod-pulling device, the housing at rod-pulling device rear It is equipped with crushing device in intracoelomic cavity, is equipped with spiral conveyer in the housing intracoelomic cavity at crushing device rear, over body case side is set Have and blow exhaust blower, blow exhaust blower side be equipped with air inlet, blow exhaust blower lower part equipped with feed inlet and with spiral conveyer Discharge port is connected, and the outlet for blowing exhaust blower is located at upper right side on rear side of over body case and can spray crushing straw to the right.
Further, elastic claw grid row conveyer belt includes conveyor chain, elastic claw hack lever, can turnstile row and torsional spring elastic claw part;It is defeated Chain belt is sent to be mounted on the rack by front lower nail tape spool, preceding upper nail tape spool and rear upper nail tape spool, front lower nail tape spool and preceding upper nail band Conveyor chain between axis forms elastic claw band defeated film section upwards, and the conveyor chain between preceding upper nail tape spool and rear upper nail tape spool is formed Elastic claw band defeated film section backward;Elastic claw hack lever includes the first elastic claw bar and the second elastic claw bar, and the outside spacers of conveyor chain are equipped with the One elastic claw bar is equipped with the second elastic claw bar, the first elastic claw bar, the second elastic claw bar parallel arrangement between two neighboring first elastic claw bar; The row that can turnstile includes that can turnstile row, the right side of a left side can turnstile row, and torsional spring elastic claw part includes left torsional spring elastic claw part, right torsional spring elastic claw part, the Left torsional spring elastic claw part is installed on one elastic claw bar and a left side can turnstile row, left torsional spring elastic claw part, a left side row that can turnstile replace from left to right Arrangement, the right side is equipped on the second elastic claw bar can turnstile row and right torsional spring elastic claw part, the right side can turnstile row, right torsional spring elastic claw part by a left side extremely The right side is alternately arranged, and the right torsional spring elastic claw part on left torsional spring elastic claw part, the second elastic claw bar on the first elastic claw bar is left in dislocation arrangement Can turnstile row, no less than two finger-like grid bars are respectively equipped on the right row that can turnstile, form leakage between two neighboring finger-like grid bar Soil interval, the lower end of finger-like grid bar, which can take, is placed on turnstiling on row or elastic claw hack lever below, installs on preceding upper nail tape spool There is elastic claw band driving wheel, elastic claw band driving wheel is connected with actuating unit and is able to drive conveyor chain work.
Further, it is equipped with pedestal free bearing below central rack and is hinged with front lower pedestal, the nock of front lower pedestal Pedestal spring is installed between upper methods, rack, front lower nail tape spool is mounted on front lower pedestal.
Further, left torsional spring elastic claw part includes left spring arm, spring ring, right elastic claw and left arm fixed ring, left spring arm upper end, Spring ring, right elastic claw rear end are linked together from left to right, and left spring arm lower end is equipped with left arm fixed ring;Right torsional spring elastic claw part includes a left side Elastic claw, spring ring, right spring arm and right arm fixed ring, left elastic claw rear end, spring ring, right spring arm upper end are linked together from left to right, Right spring arm lower end is equipped with right arm fixed ring;A left side can turnstile to arrange to be fixed on including left grid pivoted housing and three finger-like grid bars, finger-like grid bar On the outside of left grid pivoted housing left part and middle part;The right side, which can turnstile to arrange, is fixed on the right side including right grid pivoted housing and three finger-like grid bars, finger-like grid bar On the outside of grid pivoted housing right part and middle part;Left torsional spring elastic claw part on elastic claw band upwards defeated film section is sleeved on first by spring ring On elastic claw bar and its right elastic claw is towards front, a left side for left arm Fixing shrink ring corresponding right grid pivoted housing on the second elastic claw of lower section bar End is external;Right torsional spring elastic claw part on elastic claw band upwards defeated film section is sleeved on the second elastic claw bar by spring ring and it is left Elastic claw is towards front, and right arm Fixing shrink ring is on the first elastic claw of lower section bar outside the right end of corresponding left grid pivoted housing.
Further, digging soil crushing device, digging soil crushing device packet are equipped with below the rack in front of elastic claw grid row conveyer belt Rotary blade and hack roller are included, rotary blade is mounted on by rotary knife axis pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning device rear, rotary knife axis end It is fixedly installed with the rotary tillage shaft driving wheel that can be connected with actuating unit, hack is installed on methods, rack after rotary blade Roller, the roller end of hack roller are fixedly installed with the hack axis driving wheel that can be connected with actuating unit.
Further, wind removing machine includes Blower Housing, draught fan impeller and impeller shaft, and Blower Housing is mounted on rack On, the left and right ends of Blower Housing are equipped with air inlet, and the rear lower of Blower Housing is equipped with air outlet, and draught fan impeller is turned by impeller Axis is mounted in Blower Housing, and impeller shaft end extend out to outside Blower Housing and is equipped with can be with actuating unit phase The impeller shaft driving wheel of connection.
Further, collecting box includes feed inlet, air outlet, discharge port, Dump gate, and corresponding elastic claw grid arrange conveyer belt rear portion The collecting box front upper part of position is equipped with feed inlet, has air outlet at the top of collecting box and is fixedly installed with strainer, after collecting box End is equipped with discharge port, and discharge port upper end is hingedly equipped with Dump gate, and the rear portion bottom end of collecting box is hinged on machine by cabinet hinged shaft On frame, it is fixed with film case fluid cylinder seat in the rack in front of cabinet hinged shaft and self-unloading fluid cylinder is installed, the receipts of cabinet hinged shaft front upper place Header is equipped with piston rod free bearing, and the piston rod upper end of self-unloading fluid cylinder is hinged on piston rod free bearing, piston rod free bearing front upper place Collecting box on be hinged with bottom plate connecting rod, the rear end of bottom plate connecting rod is hinged in Dump gate.
Further, actuating unit includes gearbox, and gearbox is fixedly mounted on frame front, the input of gearbox Axis front end is equipped with the universal joint that can be connected with tractor motive power output shaft, and the output shaft left part of gearbox is fixed with first Driving wheel, the output shaft left end of gearbox are fixed with the second driving wheel, and the output shaft right end of gearbox is fixed with third driving wheel, Front propeller shaft is installed in the rack in front of gearbox, inter-axle shaft, the first driving wheel are installed in the rack at gearbox rear It is connected with inter-axle shaft, the second driving wheel is connected with rotary tillage shaft driving wheel, and third driving wheel is connected with front propeller shaft, pulls out Lever apparatus, crushing device, spiral conveyer are connected with front propeller shaft respectively, be equipped with above over body case hydraulic motor and with It blows exhaust blower to be connected, elastic claw band driving wheel, hack axis driving wheel, wind removing machine, clear film blower are connected with inter-axle shaft respectively It connects.
Further, central rack lower end is equipped with left and right traveling wheel, the front of rack be equipped with can with after tractor The spin axis formula hitch frame that portion is connected, spin axis formula hitch frame include left and right traction stand, traction crossbearer, hitch frame vertical shaft, longitudinal direction The lower end of the oblique hack lever of hack lever and left and right, left and right traction stand is respectively equipped with leading of being connected with tractor rear suspension frame Pilot hole, left and right traction stand upper end are fixed with traction crossbearer, and the upper center for drawing crossbearer is equipped with bearing block and is equipped with traction Axis is erected, rack is fixedly arranged at the front end with the oblique hack lever of longitudinal hack lever and left and right, and the front of longitudinal hack lever is equipped with along the vertical direction Hack lever axis hole is simultaneously mounted on hitch frame vertical shaft.
The application reasonable and compact in structure, it is easy to use, cotton stalk is uprooped by pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning device, Cotton stalk, cotton root are smashed and are delivered to equipment side and realizes straw-returning, arranges conveyer belt for the residual film in soil by elastic claw grid Choose and be delivered up, sundries is efficiently separated by wind removing machine, arranging conveyer belt by clear film blower and elastic claw grid effectively will be residual Film is separated with elastic claw, has the characteristics that good combination property, reliable operation, simplicity, efficient.
Detailed description of the invention
The specific structure of the application is provided by drawings and examples below:
Fig. 1 is the right side structural representation of the application most preferred embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the left view structural representation of the application most preferred embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the A of elastic claw grid row conveyer belt in attached drawing 2 to enlarged structure schematic diagram.
Legend: 1, rack, 2, wind removing machine, 3, clear film blower, 4, elastic claw band defeated film section upwards, 5, elastic claw band defeated film backward Section, 6, over body case, 7, rod-pulling device, 8, crushing device, 9, spiral conveyer, 10, blow exhaust blower, 11, front lower nail tape spool, 12, preceding upper nail tape spool, 13, rear upper nail tape spool, the 14, first elastic claw bar, the 15, second elastic claw bar, 16, finger-like grid bar, 17, elastic claw band Driving wheel, 18, left spring arm, 19, right elastic claw, 20, left arm fixed ring, 21, left elastic claw, 22, right spring arm, 23, right arm fixed ring, 24, left grid pivoted housing, 25, right grid pivoted housing, 26, rotary blade, 27, hack roller, 28, rotary tillage shaft driving wheel, 29, hack axis driving wheel, 30, impeller shaft, 31, impeller shaft driving wheel, 32, Dump gate, 33, strainer, 34, cabinet hinged shaft, 35, film case fluid cylinder seat, 36, from Unload fluid cylinder, 37, piston rod free bearing, 38, bottom plate connecting rod, 39, gearbox, the 40, first driving wheel, the 41, second driving wheel, 42, Three driving wheels, 43, front propeller shaft, 44, inter-axle shaft, 45, traveling wheel, 46, traction stand, 47, traction crossbearer, 48, hitch frame Vertical shaft, 49, longitudinal hack lever, 50, oblique hack lever, 51, towing pad, 52, front lower pedestal, 53, pedestal free bearing, 54, pedestal spring, 55, auxiliary load roller.
Specific embodiment
The application is not limited by following embodiments, can be determined according to the technical solution of the application and actual conditions specific Embodiment.
Embodiment: as shown in Fig. 1-2, this pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine and includes rack 1, pulls out cotton stalk crushing also Field device, elastic claw grid row conveyer belt, wind removing machine 2, clear film blower 3, actuating unit and collecting box, the installation of 1 front of rack Cotton stalk crushing returning device is pulled out, elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt for collecting residual film, the elastic claw grid row are installed in the middle part of rack 1 There is the elastic claw band that can convey residual film upwards in the front of conveyer belt, and defeated film section 4, the elastic claw grid arrange the rear portion of conveyer belt upwards The elastic claw band of residual film defeated film section 5 backward can rearward be conveyed by having, and the elastic claw band upwards incline along low early and high after direction by defeated film section 4 Tiltedly setting or be arranged along the vertical direction, corresponding elastic claw band be equipped in the rack 1 of defeated 4 front position of film section upwards can backward under The wind removing machine 2 just blown, defeated film section 5 is obliquely installed along low early and high after direction or sets in the horizontal direction the elastic claw band backward It sets, corresponding elastic claw band is equipped with the clear film blower that can be blown rearwardly and upwardly in the rack 1 of defeated 5 middle part lower position of film section backward 3,1 rear portion of rack is equipped with collecting box.After cotton stalk being uprooped by pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning device, cotton stalk, cotton root are smashed And be delivered to equipment side and realize straw-returning, the residual film in soil can be chosen by elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt and defeated upwards Send, by wind removing machine 2 can effectively by residual film soil and the sundries such as blade separate, fallen under soil, blade box haul, Residual film, which is hooked on elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt, to be continued to move up, and clear film blower 3 can be effectively by residual film and elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt point From so that it will not continue to hang to be attached on elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt, the residual film that final clear film blower 3 is blown down is fallen into collecting box, is led to Crossing one-stop operation can effectively realize that straw-returning, used plastic collection and residual film are miscellaneous clearly, significantly improve the comprehensive of used plastic collection and make Industry effect.
As shown in Fig. 1-2, pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning device includes that over body case 6, rod-pulling device 7, crushing device 8, auger are defeated It send device 9, blow exhaust blower 10, the preceding lower end of over body case 6 is equipped with feeding mouth, and the front of over body case 6 is equipped with rod-pulling device 7, dead man Intracavitary in the over body case 6 at 7 rear of device to be equipped with crushing device 8, intracavitary in the over body case 6 at 8 rear of crushing device to be equipped with auger defeated Device 9 is sent, 6 side of over body case, which is equipped with, blows exhaust blower 10, and the side for blowing exhaust blower 10 is equipped with air inlet, blows 10 lower part of exhaust blower and sets There is feed inlet and be connected with the discharge port of spiral conveyer 9, the outlet for blowing exhaust blower 10 is located at 6 rear side upper right of over body case Side simultaneously can spray crushing straw to the right.Cotton stalk is uprooped by rod-pulling device 7, by crushing device 8 by cotton stalk, cotton root It smashes, the stalk after smashing is delivered to by spiral conveyer 9 and blows exhaust blower 10, be expelled to equipment side by blowing exhaust blower 10 Fang Shixian straw-returning, through actual test, stalk, the chopping and returning treatment effect of cotton root of cotton are preferable, while can be effective It avoids crushing straw from falling in above mulch, greatly facilitates the recycling operation of mulch, be significantly conducive to the secondary place of residual film after recycling It manages and utilizes again.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, elastic claw grid row conveyer belt includes conveyor chain, elastic claw hack lever, can turnstile row and torsional spring elastic claw Part;Conveyor chain is mounted in rack 1 by front lower nail tape spool 11, preceding upper nail tape spool 12 and rear upper nail tape spool 13, front lower nail band Conveyor chain between axis 11 and preceding upper nail tape spool 12 forms elastic claw band defeated film section 4 upwards, and preceding upper nail tape spool 12 above follows closely band with rear Conveyor chain between axis 13 forms elastic claw band defeated film section 5 backward;Elastic claw hack lever includes the first elastic claw bar 14 and the second elastic claw bar 15, the outside spacers of conveyor chain are equipped with the first elastic claw bar 14, are equipped with the second elastic claw bar between two neighboring first elastic claw bar 14 15, the first elastic claw bar 14, the second elastic claw bar 15 parallel arrangement;The row that can turnstile includes that can turnstile row, the right side of a left side can turnstile row, torsional spring bullet Tooth includes left torsional spring elastic claw part, right torsional spring elastic claw part, and being equipped with left torsional spring elastic claw part and a left side on the first elastic claw bar 14 can turnstile Row, left torsional spring elastic claw part, a left side row that can turnstile are alternately arranged from left to right, and the right side is equipped on the second elastic claw bar 15 can turnstile row and the right side Torsional spring elastic claw part, can turnstile row, right torsional spring elastic claw part of the right side are alternately arranged from left to right, the left torsional spring elastic claw on the first elastic claw bar 14 Right torsional spring elastic claw part on part, the second elastic claw bar 15 in dislocation arrangement, a left side can turnstile row, the right side can turnstile be respectively equipped on row it is many Leakage soil interval is formed between two finger-like grid bars 16, two neighboring finger-like grid bar 16, the lower end of finger-like grid bar 16 can take It is placed on turnstiling on row or elastic claw hack lever below, elastic claw band driving wheel 17 is installed on preceding upper nail tape spool 12, elastic claw band drives Driving wheel 17 is connected with actuating unit and is able to drive conveyor chain work.By that can turnstile, row can be realized torsional spring elastic claw Hang the automatic cleaning of attached residual film on part, turnstile row of the elastic claw band backward at defeated film section 5 moves backward with conveyor chain, due to used Property effect, after being moved to when upper nail 13 back upper place position of tape spool, 16 end of finger-like grid bar is overturn to the back lower place, and drive can turnstile Row makes it rotate shake around elastic claw hack lever, can push away attached residual film is hung on torsional spring elastic claw part, fall into residual film in collecting box, Preferably solves the problems, such as attached residual film easy to hang on existing elastic claw conveyer belt.In actual use, can preceding upper nail tape spool 12 with Setting no less than one auxiliary carries on a shoulder pole roller 55 below elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt between upper nail tape spool 13 afterwards, as shown in Figure 1, 2, most Good uniform intervals are arranged three auxiliary and carry on a shoulder pole rollers 55 so that herein elastic claw grid row conveyer belt guarantee it is straight, will not be because of the attached residual film of extension Gravity and it is sagging, be preferably also between front lower nail tape spool 11 and rear upper nail tape spool 13 and follow closely tape spool equipped with an auxiliary, make elastic claw grid row The tensioning of conveyer belt rear portion, and the more slow tilting section of gradient is formed, it, can be into one in favor of the double swerve for the row that can turnstile herein Step promotes the row that can turnstile herein to the cleaning effect for hanging attached residual film on elastic claw, falls into residual film smoothly in collecting box.
As shown in Figure 1, 2,1 middle part lower section of rack is equipped with pedestal free bearing 53 and is hinged with front lower pedestal 52, front lower pedestal 52 Nock and upper methods, rack 1 between pedestal spring 54 is installed, front lower nail tape spool 11 is mounted on front lower pedestal 52.Pass through Pedestal free bearing 53, pedestal spring 54 can make front lower nail tape spool 11 keep floating, and go up and down with ground shape and realize profiling, when front lower When elastic claw at nail tape spool 11 encounters the obstacles such as harder stone, front lower 52 front of pedestal can move up one end distance to protect Elastic claw and equipment, and elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt can be made to remain tensioning state, it significantly improves it and picks up effect and residual film Conveying effect.
As shown in Figure 1,3, left torsional spring elastic claw part includes left spring arm 18, spring ring, right elastic claw 19 and left arm fixed ring 20, a left side 18 upper end of spring arm, spring ring, 19 rear end of right elastic claw are linked together from left to right, and left 18 lower end of spring arm is equipped with left arm fixed ring 20; Right torsional spring elastic claw part includes left elastic claw 21, spring ring, right spring arm 22 and right arm fixed ring 23, left 21 rear end of elastic claw, spring ring, the right side 22 upper end of spring arm is linked together from left to right, and right 22 lower end of spring arm is equipped with right arm fixed ring 23;A left side can turnstile to arrange to be turned including left grid Set 24 and three finger-like grid bars 16, finger-like grid bar 16 are fixed on the outside of left 24 left part of grid pivoted housing and middle part;The right side row that can turnstile includes Right grid pivoted housing 25 and three finger-like grid bars 16, finger-like grid bar 16 are fixed on the outside of right 25 right part of grid pivoted housing and middle part;Positioned at elastic claw Left torsional spring elastic claw part in the upward defeated film section 4 of band is sleeved on the first elastic claw bar 14 by spring ring and its right elastic claw 19 is before Side, left arm fixed ring 20 are sleeved on the second elastic claw bar 15 of lower section outside the left end of corresponding right grid pivoted housing 25;Positioned at elastic claw band Right torsional spring elastic claw part in upward defeated film section 4 is sleeved on the second elastic claw bar 15 by spring ring and its left elastic claw 21 is before Side, right arm fixed ring 23 are sleeved on the first elastic claw bar 14 of lower section outside the right end of corresponding left grid pivoted housing 24.Pass through left torsional spring Can turnstile row, right can turnstile row and right torsional spring elastic claw part of elastic claw part and a left side is used cooperatively, a left side can turnstile row, the right side can turnstile row can For identical components, installation direction is different when only assembling, and is not only easy to make processing, and torsional spring elastic claw part is easy to assembly, work can It is higher by property, and the synthesis using effect of elastic claw is preferable, and the elastic returning direction for realizing each elastic claw is consistent, and can make it The arrangement straggly on elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt realizes the reliable pickup and transport of residual film.
As shown in Fig. 1-2, elastic claw grid are arranged and are equipped with digging soil crushing device below the rack 1 in front of conveyer belt, digging hack dress It sets including rotary blade 26 and hack roller 27, rotary blade 26 is mounted on by 26 axis of rotary blade and pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning device rear, 26 shaft end portion of rotary blade is fixedly installed with the rotary tillage shaft driving wheel 28 that can be connected with actuating unit, 26 rear of rotary blade Hack roller 27 is installed, the roller end of hack roller 27 is fixedly installed with and can be connected with actuating unit in rack 1 Hack axis driving wheel 29.By 27 coordinating operation of rotary blade 26 and hack roller, elastic claw grid row's conveyer belt provokes the residual film in soil It is more easier, the reliability of damaged film gathering is higher.
As shown in Fig. 1-2, wind removing machine 2 includes Blower Housing, draught fan impeller and impeller shaft 30, Blower Housing installation In rack 1, the left and right ends of Blower Housing are equipped with air inlet, and the rear lower of Blower Housing is equipped with air outlet, and draught fan impeller is logical Impeller shaft 30 is crossed to be mounted in Blower Housing, 30 end of impeller shaft extend out to outside Blower Housing and be equipped with can with it is dynamic The impeller shaft driving wheel 31 that force actuators are connected.The air outlet of Blower Housing is preferably as close to elastic claw band defeated film upwards Section 4, to increase air quantity;It is rotated by 31 impeller shaft 30 of impeller shaft driving wheel, driving draught fan impeller rotation is realized and removed The air-supply of miscellaneous blower 2, by selecting the impeller shaft driving wheel 31 of different-diameter that can adjust the revolving speed of draught fan impeller.
As shown in Fig. 1-2, collecting box includes feed inlet, air outlet, discharge port, Dump gate 32, corresponding elastic claw grid row conveying Collecting box front upper part with rear positions is equipped with feed inlet, has air outlet at the top of collecting box and is fixedly installed with strainer 33, receives The rear end of header is equipped with discharge port, and discharge port upper end is hingedly equipped with Dump gate 32, and the rear portion bottom end of collecting box is cut with scissors by cabinet Axis 34 is hinged in rack 1, is fixed with film case fluid cylinder seat 35 in the rack 1 in 34 front of cabinet hinged shaft and is equipped with self-unloading fluid cylinder 36, the collecting box of 34 front upper place of cabinet hinged shaft is equipped with piston rod free bearing 37, and the piston rod upper end of self-unloading fluid cylinder 36 is hinged on work On stopper rod free bearing 37, bottom plate connecting rod 38, the rear end hinge of bottom plate connecting rod 38 are hinged on the collecting box of 37 front upper place of piston rod free bearing It connects in Dump gate 32.Piston rod is stretched out by control self-unloading fluid cylinder 36, collecting box front can be made upward around cabinet hinged shaft 34 Fang Xuanzhuan, it realizes the hypsokinesis of collecting box bottom, while driving 32 back rotation of Dump gate to open by bottom plate connecting rod 38, it is final to realize The automatic discharging of residual film, use are more efficient and convenient in collecting box.
As shown in Fig. 1-2, actuating unit includes gearbox 39, and gearbox 39 is fixedly mounted on 1 front of rack, is become The input shaft front end of fast case 39 is equipped with the universal joint that can be connected with tractor motive power output shaft, the output shaft of gearbox 39 Left part is fixed with the first driving wheel 40, and the output shaft left end of gearbox 39 is fixed with the second driving wheel 41, the output of gearbox 39 Axis right end is fixed with third driving wheel 42, is equipped with front propeller shaft 43 in the rack 1 in 39 front of gearbox, 39 rear of gearbox Inter-axle shaft 44 is installed, the first driving wheel 40 is connected with inter-axle shaft 44, and the second driving wheel 41 drives with rotary tillage shaft in rack 1 Driving wheel 28 is connected, and third driving wheel 42 is connected with front propeller shaft 43, rod-pulling device 7, crushing device 8, spiral conveyer 9 It is connected respectively with front propeller shaft 43, hydraulic motor is installed above over body case 6 and is connected with exhaust blower 10 is blown, elastic claw band drives Driving wheel 17, hack axis driving wheel 29, wind removing machine 2, clear film blower 3 are connected with inter-axle shaft 44 respectively.
As shown in Fig. 1-2,1 middle part lower end of rack is equipped with left and right traveling wheel 45, and the front of rack 1 is equipped with can be with The spin axis formula hitch frame that tractor rear portion is connected, spin axis formula hitch frame include left and right traction stand 46, traction crossbearer 47, traction Axis 48, longitudinal hack lever 49 and the oblique hack lever 50 in left and right are erected, the lower end of left and right traction stand 46 is respectively equipped with can be with tractor The towing pad 51 that rear suspension frame is connected, left and right traction 46 upper end of stand are fixed with traction crossbearer 47, draw the upper of crossbearer 47 End middle part is equipped with bearing block and is equipped with hitch frame vertical shaft 48, and rack 1 is fixedly arranged at the front end with the oblique frame of longitudinal hack lever 49 and left and right Bar 50, the front of longitudinal hack lever 49 are equipped with hack lever axis hole along the vertical direction and are mounted on hitch frame vertical shaft 48.Pass through spin axis Formula hitch frame, the application can be mounted on the hanger bracket at most tractor rear portions, suitable for the tractor of different model It is more preferable with property, and connected by hitch frame vertical shaft 48, work opportunity frame 1 can rotate with tractor and swimmingly adjust traveling Direction, it is more convenient to use.
Above description is only intended to clearly illustrate the application example, and is not to presently filed embodiment Restriction.Guarantor of all technical solution changes and variations that derived from for belonging to the application still in the application Protect the column of range.

Claims (10)

1. one kind pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine, it is characterised in that: including rack, pull out cotton stalk crushing returning device, bullet Tooth grid arrange conveyer belt, wind removing machine, clear film blower, actuating unit and collecting box, and frame front, which is equipped with, pulls out cotton stalk crushing Returning device, central rack are equipped with the row's conveyer belt of the elastic claw grid for collecting residual film, the front of the elastic claw grid row conveyer belt The elastic claw band of residual film defeated film section upwards can be conveyed upwards by having, and the rear portion of the elastic claw grid row conveyer belt has can be rearward defeated The elastic claw band of residual film defeated film section backward is sent, defeated film section is obliquely installed along low early and high after direction or along vertical side the elastic claw band upwards To setting, corresponding elastic claw band is equipped with the wind removing machine that can be blown to the back lower place in the rack of defeated film section front position upwards, Defeated film section is obliquely installed or horizontally disposed the elastic claw band along low early and high after direction backward, corresponding elastic claw band defeated film backward The clear film blower that can be blown rearwardly and upwardly is installed in the rack of section middle part lower position, rack rear portion is equipped with collecting box.
2. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: pull out cotton stalk crushing returning device Including over body case, rod-pulling device, crushing device, spiral conveyer, exhaust blower is blown, the preceding lower end of over body case is equipped with feeding mouth, The front of over body case is equipped with rod-pulling device, is equipped with crushing device, crushing device rear in the housing intracoelomic cavity at rod-pulling device rear Housing intracoelomic cavity in be equipped with spiral conveyer, over body case side be equipped with blows exhaust blower, blow exhaust blower side be equipped with air inlet Mouthful, exhaust blower lower part is blown equipped with feed inlet and is connected with the discharge port of spiral conveyer, and the outlet for blowing exhaust blower is located at Over body case rear side upper right side simultaneously can spray crushing straw to the right.
3. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: elastic claw grid arrange conveyer belt Including conveyor chain, elastic claw hack lever, can turnstile row and torsional spring elastic claw part;Conveyor chain passes through front lower nail tape spool, preceding upper nail tape spool It is mounted on the rack with rear upper nail tape spool, it is defeated upwards that the conveyor chain between front lower nail tape spool and preceding upper nail tape spool forms elastic claw band Film section, the conveyor chain between preceding upper nail tape spool and rear upper nail tape spool form elastic claw band defeated film section backward;Elastic claw hack lever includes the One elastic claw bar and the second elastic claw bar, the outside spacers of conveyor chain are equipped with the first elastic claw bar, between two neighboring first elastic claw bar Equipped with the second elastic claw bar, the first elastic claw bar, the second elastic claw bar parallel arrangement;The row that can turnstile includes that can turnstile row, the right side of a left side can turnstile Row, torsional spring elastic claw part includes left torsional spring elastic claw part, right torsional spring elastic claw part, is equipped with left torsional spring elastic claw part and a left side on the first elastic claw bar Can turnstile row, and left torsional spring elastic claw part, a left side row that can turnstile are alternately arranged from left to right, and the right side is equipped on the second elastic claw bar can turnstile row With right torsional spring elastic claw part, can turnstile row, right torsional spring elastic claw part of the right side is alternately arranged from left to right, the left torsional spring bullet on the first elastic claw bar Right torsional spring elastic claw part in tooth, the second elastic claw bar in dislocation arrangement, a left side can turnstile row, the right side can turnstile be respectively equipped on row it is many Leakage soil interval is formed between two finger-like grid bars, two neighboring finger-like grid bar, the lower end of finger-like grid bar, which can take, is placed on it Lower section is turnstiled on row or elastic claw hack lever, and elastic claw band driving wheel, elastic claw band driving wheel and power are equipped on preceding upper nail tape spool Transmission device is connected and is able to drive conveyor chain work.
4. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: be equipped with axis below central rack Frame free bearing is simultaneously hinged with front lower pedestal, and pedestal spring, front lower nail are equipped between the nock of front lower pedestal and upper methods, rack Tape spool is mounted on front lower pedestal.
5. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: left torsional spring elastic claw part includes a left side Spring arm, spring ring, right elastic claw and left arm fixed ring, left spring arm upper end, spring ring, right elastic claw rear end are linked together from left to right, Left spring arm lower end is equipped with left arm fixed ring;Right torsional spring elastic claw part includes left elastic claw, spring ring, right spring arm and right arm fixed ring, a left side Elastic claw rear end, spring ring, right spring arm upper end are linked together from left to right, and right spring arm lower end is equipped with right arm fixed ring;A left side can turnstile Row includes left grid pivoted housing and three finger-like grid bars, and finger-like grid bar is fixed on the outside of left grid pivoted housing left part and middle part;The right side can turnstile row Including right grid pivoted housing and three finger-like grid bars, finger-like grid bar is fixed on the outside of right grid pivoted housing right part and middle part;Positioned at elastic claw band to Left torsional spring elastic claw part in upper defeated film section is sleeved on the first elastic claw bar by spring ring and its right elastic claw is towards front, left arm Fixing shrink ring is on the second elastic claw of lower section bar outside the left end of corresponding right grid pivoted housing;The right side on elastic claw band upwards defeated film section Torsional spring elastic claw part is sleeved on the second elastic claw bar by spring ring and its left elastic claw is towards front, and right arm Fixing shrink ring is mounted in down On the first elastic claw bar of side outside the right end of corresponding left grid pivoted housing.
6. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: elastic claw grid are arranged in front of conveyer belt Rack below be equipped with digging soil crushing device, digging soil crushing device includes rotary blade and hack roller, and rotary blade passes through rotary knife axis It is mounted on and pulls out cotton stalk crushing returning device rear, rotary knife axis end is fixedly installed with and can be connected with actuating unit Rotary tillage shaft driving wheel, is equipped with hack roller after rotary blade on methods, rack, the roller end of hack roller be fixedly installed with can with it is dynamic The hack axis driving wheel that force actuators are connected;Or/and wind removing machine includes Blower Housing, draught fan impeller and impeller shaft, Blower Housing is mounted on the rack, and the left and right ends of Blower Housing are equipped with air inlet, and the rear lower of Blower Housing is equipped with air outlet, Draught fan impeller is mounted in Blower Housing by impeller shaft, and impeller shaft end extend out to outside Blower Housing and is equipped with energy Enough impeller shaft driving wheels being connected with actuating unit;Or/and collecting box includes feed inlet, air outlet, discharge port, unloads The collecting box front upper part of bin gate, corresponding elastic claw grid row conveyer belt rear positions is equipped with feed inlet, has air outlet at the top of collecting box And it is fixedly installed with strainer, the rear end of collecting box is equipped with discharge port, and discharge port upper end is hingedly equipped with Dump gate, after collecting box Portion bottom end passes through cabinet hinged shaft hingedly on the rack, and film case fluid cylinder seat is fixed in the rack in front of cabinet hinged shaft and is equipped with certainly Fluid cylinder is unloaded, the collecting box of cabinet hinged shaft front upper place is equipped with piston rod free bearing, and the piston rod upper end of self-unloading fluid cylinder is hinged on piston On bar free bearing, bottom plate connecting rod is hinged on the collecting box of piston rod free bearing front upper place, the rear end of bottom plate connecting rod is hinged on Dump gate On.
7. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: actuating unit packet Gearbox is included, gearbox is fixedly mounted on frame front, and the input shaft front end of gearbox is equipped with can be defeated with tractor dynamic power The universal joint that shaft is connected, the output shaft left part of gearbox are fixed with the first driving wheel, and the output shaft left end of gearbox is fixed There is the second driving wheel, the output shaft right end of gearbox is fixed with third driving wheel, is equipped with forward pass in the rack in front of gearbox Moving axis is equipped with inter-axle shaft in the rack at gearbox rear, and the first driving wheel is connected with inter-axle shaft, the second driving wheel with Rotary tillage shaft driving wheel is connected, and third driving wheel is connected with front propeller shaft, rod-pulling device, crushing device, spiral conveyer It is connected respectively with front propeller shaft, hydraulic motor is installed and is connected with exhaust blower is blown above over body case, elastic claw band driving wheel, Hack axis driving wheel, wind removing machine, clear film blower are connected with inter-axle shaft respectively.
8. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as described in claim 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, it is characterised in that: power transmission Device includes gearbox, and gearbox is fixedly mounted on frame front, and the input shaft front end of gearbox is equipped with can be with tractor The universal joint that power output shaft is connected, the output shaft left part of gearbox are fixed with the first driving wheel, and the output shaft of gearbox is left End is fixed with the second driving wheel, and the output shaft right end of gearbox is fixed with third driving wheel, installs in the rack in front of gearbox There is front propeller shaft, inter-axle shaft is installed in the rack at gearbox rear, the first driving wheel is connected with inter-axle shaft, and second drives Driving wheel is connected with rotary tillage shaft driving wheel, and third driving wheel is connected with front propeller shaft, and rod-pulling device, crushing device, auger are defeated It send device to be connected respectively with front propeller shaft, hydraulic motor is installed and is connected with exhaust blower is blown above over body case, elastic claw band Driving wheel, hack axis driving wheel, wind removing machine, clear film blower are connected with inter-axle shaft respectively.
9. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: central rack lower end peace Equipped with left and right traveling wheel, the front of rack is equipped with the spin axis formula hitch frame that can be connected with tractor rear portion, and spin axis formula is led Drawing frame includes left and right traction stand, traction crossbearer, hitch frame vertical shaft, longitudinal hack lever and the oblique hack lever in left and right, left and right traction stand Lower end be respectively equipped with the towing pad that can be connected with tractor rear suspension frame, left and right traction stand upper end is fixed with traction Crossbearer, the upper center for drawing crossbearer are equipped with bearing block and are equipped with hitch frame vertical shaft, and rack is fixedly arranged at the front end with longitudinal hack lever With the oblique hack lever in left and right, the front of longitudinal hack lever is equipped with hack lever axis hole along the vertical direction and is mounted on hitch frame vertical shaft.
10. pulling out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine as described in claim 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8, it is characterised in that: machine Lower end is equipped with left and right traveling wheel in the middle part of frame, and the front of rack is equipped with the spin axis formula traction that can be connected with tractor rear portion Frame, spin axis formula hitch frame includes left and right traction stand, draws crossbearer, hitch frame vertical shaft, longitudinal hack lever and the oblique hack lever in left and right, left The lower end of right traction stand is respectively equipped with the towing pad that can be connected with tractor rear suspension frame, left and right traction stand upper end It is fixed with traction crossbearer, the upper center for drawing crossbearer is equipped with bearing block and is equipped with hitch frame vertical shaft, and the front end of rack is fixed There is the oblique hack lever of longitudinal hack lever and left and right, the front of longitudinal hack lever is equipped with hack lever axis hole along the vertical direction and is mounted on hitch frame On vertical shaft.
CN201910150361.7A 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine Pending CN109743957A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910150361.7A CN109743957A (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910150361.7A CN109743957A (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Pull out cotton stalk crushing returning to the field incomplete film-recovering machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109743957A true CN109743957A (en) 2019-05-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112262629A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-01-26 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Straw returning and plastic film residue recycling machine matched with four-wheel tractor
CN112292941A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-02-02 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Cotton stalk crushing and returning combined machine for recovering residual film

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112262629A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-01-26 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Straw returning and plastic film residue recycling machine matched with four-wheel tractor
CN112292941A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-02-02 艾海提·阿卜力米提 Cotton stalk crushing and returning combined machine for recovering residual film

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