CN109743365B - Method, device and system for monitoring power transmission line - Google Patents

Method, device and system for monitoring power transmission line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109743365B
CN109743365B CN201811565937.8A CN201811565937A CN109743365B CN 109743365 B CN109743365 B CN 109743365B CN 201811565937 A CN201811565937 A CN 201811565937A CN 109743365 B CN109743365 B CN 109743365B
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China
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monitoring
communication
transmission line
equipment
power transmission
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CN109743365A (en
Inventor
杜觉晓
王闯
高天宝
方华林
石静
蔡益平
孙辰辰
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Beijing Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Beijing Electric Power Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method, a device and a system for monitoring a power transmission line. Wherein, this system includes: the monitoring terminal is arranged on the transmission tower and used for monitoring specified type events on the transmission line to obtain monitoring data, and the specified type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; a sub-node device, disposed on the power transmission line, connected to the monitoring terminal, and configured to obtain multiple pieces of monitoring data monitored by multiple monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; and the main node equipment is arranged in the substation communication machine room, is connected with the child node equipment, and is used for receiving the monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control equipment. The invention solves the technical problem that the safety of the monitoring data cannot be ensured by the existing monitoring system.

Description

Method, device and system for monitoring power transmission line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of power transmission line monitoring, in particular to a method, a device and a system for monitoring a power transmission line.
Background
At present, an online monitoring system of a power transmission line is developed rapidly, and because an extra-high voltage and extra-high voltage line for trans-regional power transmission bears a large-range and trans-regional power transmission task and plays a crucial role in national economic development, key monitoring points of the online monitoring system are all arranged on the extra-high voltage and extra-high voltage line for trans-regional power transmission.
The video monitoring is regarded as the most intuitive and important mode, the existing monitoring system of the power transmission line is installed in the tower body below the cross of the extra-high voltage line tower or on the main material of the tower, and each base tower is provided with 1 set of high-definition video monitoring device.
However, in the existing monitoring system, the connection mode that the monitoring unit is directly connected with the system host is adopted, the problem of safe access of a wireless network is not considered, and the safety of monitoring data cannot be guaranteed; meanwhile, the design of a power module of the inspection equipment system is lack of comprehensive consideration, and the system can not work normally due to the power supply problem easily in the later period.
In view of the above problems, no effective solution has been proposed.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a method, a device and a system for monitoring a power transmission line, which at least solve the technical problem that the safety of monitoring data cannot be guaranteed by the existing monitoring system.
According to an aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a system for monitoring a power transmission line, including: the monitoring terminal is arranged on the transmission tower and used for monitoring specified type events on the transmission line to obtain monitoring data, and the specified type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; a sub-node device, disposed on the power transmission line, connected to the monitoring terminal, and configured to obtain a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; and the main node equipment is arranged in the substation communication machine room, is connected with the child node equipment, and is used for receiving the monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Further, the above system further comprises: and the main control equipment is in communication connection with the main node equipment and is used for determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line according to the received monitoring data and outputting indication information to a target object under the condition that the specified type event occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the specified type event.
Further, the above system further comprises: a plurality of communication boxes, each of which is provided in the monitor terminal, the child node device, and the master node device, and is connected to the monitor terminal, the child node device, and the master node device; the optical fiber communication equipment is connected with the communication boxes and is used for providing an optical fiber communication network; the master node device is further connected with the optical fiber communication device through the communication box, and is configured to transmit the plurality of monitoring data to the master control device through the optical fiber communication network.
Further, the system further comprises: the safety chip is integrated in the communication box and used for maintaining the network safety of the communication data of the communication box; and the safety access platform is arranged in the main node equipment, is connected with the safety chip and is used for maintaining the network safety of the main node equipment.
Further, the above system further comprises: the power supply system is used for supplying power to the system for monitoring the power transmission line; the monitoring equipment is connected with the power supply system and is used for monitoring the operation data of the power supply system and controlling a power supply output port of the power supply system; the monitoring device is further configured to obtain a load power of the power supply system, and determine to use a photovoltaic power generation unit or a light complementary power generation unit to generate power according to the load power, where the photovoltaic power generation unit includes at least one of: energy storage batteries, solar panels; the light complementary power generation unit at least includes: a wind power generator.
Further, the above system further comprises: a plurality of fixed structural members; the monitoring terminal is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission tower through the fixing structural part, the sub-node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission line through the fixing structural part, and the main node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on a support at the top of the transformer substation communication machine room through the fixing structural part.
Further, the monitoring terminal is also connected with the master node device and is used for uploading the monitoring data to the master node device; the connection modes between the monitoring terminal and the main node device and between the child node device and the main node device include at least one of the following: point-to-point communication connections, point-to-multipoint communication connections, and hybrid communication networking connections.
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is also provided a method for monitoring a power transmission line, including: monitoring appointed type events on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment; and receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Further, after transmitting a plurality of the monitoring data to the main control device, the method further includes: determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line or not through the main control equipment according to the received plurality of monitoring data; and outputting indication information to a target object through the main control equipment when the event of the specified type occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the event of the specified type.
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is also provided an apparatus for monitoring a power transmission line, including: the monitoring module is used for monitoring the specified type events on the power transmission line through the monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, and the specified type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; an obtaining module, configured to obtain, by a child node device, a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; and the processing module is used for receiving the monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control equipment.
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is further provided a storage medium, where the storage medium includes a stored program, and when the program runs, a device on which the storage medium is located is controlled to execute any one of the above methods for monitoring a power transmission line.
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is also provided a processor, where the processor is configured to execute a program, where the program executes any one of the above methods for monitoring a power transmission line.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the monitoring terminal is disposed on a transmission tower and configured to monitor a specified type of event on a transmission line to obtain monitoring data, where the specified type of event at least includes: an external force damage event; a sub-node device, disposed on the power transmission line, connected to the monitoring terminal, and configured to obtain a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; the main node device is arranged in the substation communication machine room and connected with the sub-node devices and used for receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the sub-node devices and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control device, so that the purpose of improving the safety of wireless network access of the power transmission line monitoring system is achieved, the technical effect of guaranteeing the safety of the monitoring data is achieved, and the technical problem that the existing monitoring system cannot guarantee the safety of the monitoring data is solved.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without limiting the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a system for monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an alternative system for monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a flow chart of a method of monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an apparatus for monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention better understood, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of the present invention and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the data so used is interchangeable under appropriate circumstances such that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in sequences other than those illustrated or described herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Example 1
According to an embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of a system for monitoring a power transmission line is provided, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the system for monitoring a power transmission line according to the embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in fig. 1, the system for monitoring a power transmission line includes: monitor terminal 10, child node device 12 and master node device 14, wherein:
the monitoring terminal 10 is arranged on a transmission tower and used for monitoring specified type events on a transmission line to obtain monitoring data, wherein the specified type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; a sub-node device 12, disposed on the power transmission line, connected to the monitoring terminal 10, and configured to obtain a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; and the main node device 14 is arranged in the substation communication machine room, is connected with the child node device 12, and is configured to receive the plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node device and transmit the plurality of monitoring data to the main control device.
Optionally, the external force damage event may be, but is not limited to, an event that a large-scale operation machine such as a crane or a pump truck touches, scrapes down an electric wire on an electric transmission line, an event that a lawbreaker steals the electric wire on the electric transmission line, and the like; because the external force damage event is very easy to bring serious potential safety hazard and property loss problems to the safe operation of the power transmission line, and in practical application, the occurrence of the external force damage scene has great randomness, a monitoring terminal is required to be arranged on the power transmission tower to monitor the external force damage event.
Optionally, the monitoring terminal may be but not limited to a high-definition video acquisition terminal, belongs to a terminal node of a system for monitoring the power transmission line, and may perform real-time high-definition visual inspection and monitoring of external force damage events of a power transmission line corridor by means of a large-bandwidth wireless private network.
Optionally, the sub-node device may be, but is not limited to, a sub-node device, and the sub-node device is installed on a tower of the power transmission line, so that monitoring data monitored by the monitoring terminal can be aggregated, that is, a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line are obtained, and the plurality of monitoring data are uploaded to the main node device in a unified manner.
Optionally, the master node device may be but not limited to a master node device, the master node device is installed on a dedicated tower support, the tower support is fixedly installed on the roof of the substation communication machine room, the master node device may receive monitoring data uploaded by the monitoring terminal or the child node device in a wireless point-to-multipoint manner or a point-to-point manner, and is docked with an optical fiber communication device SDH/MSTP in the substation through a communication box to transmit a plurality of monitoring data to the master control device.
The master node device may be, but is not limited to, powered by a power module in a substation.
In an optional embodiment, the system further includes: a plurality of fixed structural members; the monitoring terminal is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission tower through the fixed structural part, the sub-node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission line through the fixed structural part, and the main node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on a support at the top of the transformer substation communication machine room through the fixed structural part.
Optionally, the fixed structural member may be, but is not limited to, a special fixed structural member designed correspondingly for a special installation scene of the online monitoring system of the power transmission line; it may also be an existing fixed structure, such as a screw, a fastening valve, etc.
In an optional embodiment, the monitoring terminal is further connected to the host node device, and configured to upload the monitoring data to the host node device; the connection modes between the monitoring terminal and the main node device and between the child node device and the main node device include at least one of the following: point-to-point communication connections, point-to-multipoint communication connections, and hybrid communication networking connections.
As can be seen from the above, in the embodiment of the present application, the monitoring data on the power transmission line is acquired by setting the monitoring terminal, and the plurality of monitoring data are aggregated and uploaded to the main control device by setting the sub-node device and the main node device, so that the security problem of wireless network access of each device in the power transmission line monitoring system is fully considered, the purpose of improving the security of wireless network access of the power transmission line monitoring system can be achieved, and thus the technical effect of ensuring the security of the monitoring data is achieved.
In an optional embodiment, fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an optional system for monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the present invention, and as shown in fig. 2, the system further includes: and a main control device 16, communicatively connected to the master node device 14, configured to determine whether the specified type of event occurs on the power transmission line according to the received multiple pieces of monitoring data, and output indication information to a target object when the specified type of event occurs, where the indication information is used to indicate the target object to process the specified type of event.
Optionally, the master control device may be, but is not limited to, a master control device that monitors a background master station, and is controlled by the target object, and the target object may be, but is not limited to, a worker, for example, a troubleshooting worker; the main control device may check and analyze the received monitoring data to determine whether the specified type event occurs on the power transmission line, and output instruction information to a target object to instruct the target object to process the specified type event when the specified type event occurs.
Optionally, the processing may be, but not limited to, processing such as stopping, maintaining, or supervising, for example, the target object may alarm, or stop the event of the specified type by controlling the monitoring terminal to play a voice, and the like.
In an optional embodiment, the system further includes: a plurality of communication boxes, each of which is provided in the monitor terminal, the child node device, and the master node device, and is connected to the monitor terminal, the child node device, and the master node device; the optical fiber communication equipment is connected with the communication boxes and is used for providing an optical fiber communication network; the main node device is further connected with the optical fiber communication device through the communication box and is used for transmitting the monitoring data to the main control device through the optical fiber communication network.
Optionally, the plurality of communication boxes may be, but not limited to, a comprehensive communication box, which has 100/1000M adaptive industrial network switching function and supports POE (DC24V, DC48V) to interface with a wireless device; the internal circuit of the communication box can be but is not limited to overcurrent, short circuit and lightning protection; can but not limited to provide RS485, wireless micro-power and IP multiple communication interfaces; in addition, the communication box is also provided with remote power supply management, and the on-off control and query of front-end communication equipment can be realized through a wireless communication network; the communication box can also but not limited to have the functions of 4 groups of load equipment controllers, can realize gradual power-off quitting or restarting, and has the functions of communication and monitoring independent power supply, direct current output, input short circuit, low voltage protection and storage battery failure protection.
Optionally, the communication box may be but not limited to be mainly responsible for a main control function of an over-distance wireless private network communication device (e.g., a 5.8G wireless private network communication device), and is disposed in the monitoring terminal, the child node device, and the master node device according to different configuration requirements, and is correspondingly connected to the monitoring terminal, the child node device, and the master node device.
Optionally, the optical fiber communication device may be, but is not limited to, a super-long wireless private network communication device, and realizes super-long transmission distance, low delay, low jitter, high bandwidth, and high security transmission; and, but not limited to, from each operation layer such as wireless air layer, bottom physical layer, data link layer, data transmission layer, etc., set up multiple security configuration schemes for the above-mentioned optical fiber communication equipment, prevent external lawless persons from invading, guarantee the application security of the system of monitoring the transmission line, and then, the above-mentioned main node equipment, still connect with the above-mentioned optical fiber communication equipment through the above-mentioned communication box, is used for transmitting a plurality of above-mentioned monitoring data to the above-mentioned main control equipment through the above-mentioned optical fiber communication network, can guarantee the security of the monitoring data effectively.
In an optional embodiment, the system further includes: the safety chip is integrated in the communication box and used for maintaining the network safety of the communication data of the communication box; and the safety access platform is arranged in the main node equipment, is connected with the safety chip and is used for maintaining the network safety of the main node equipment.
Optionally, the communication data at least includes: the monitoring data; the security chip may be, but not limited to, an NRSEC3000 security chip, and is docked with the security access platform deployed by the substation master station, the network security of the communication data of the communication box is maintained through the security chip, and the network security of the master node device is maintained through the security access platform.
In an optional embodiment, the system further includes: the power supply system is used for supplying power to the system for monitoring the power transmission line; the monitoring equipment is connected with the power supply system and is used for monitoring the operation data of the power supply system and controlling a power supply output port of the power supply system; the monitoring device is further configured to obtain a load power of the power supply system, and determine to use a photovoltaic power generation unit or a light complementary power generation unit to generate power according to the load power, where the photovoltaic power generation unit includes at least one of: energy storage batteries, solar panels; the light complementary power generation unit at least includes: a wind power generator.
Optionally, the monitoring device may be, but is not limited to, a monitoring device in an autonomous energy system, and monitoring of operation data of a storage battery, a solar panel, a fan, a controller and the like in a power supply system is realized through an RS485 communication bus; the monitoring equipment can also communicate with the convergence equipment through a network port or an RS485 port to realize the monitoring of a power supply system and the control of a power supply output port; in addition, the monitoring device supports the SNMP protocol and the Q/GDW242 protocol, and realizes the functions of field monitoring of a power supply system, manual and automatic control of a power supply output port, configuration of field devices and the like.
The monitoring device is further configured to obtain a load power of the power supply system, and determine to use a photovoltaic power generation unit or a light complementary power generation unit to generate power according to the load power, where the photovoltaic power generation unit includes at least one of: energy storage batteries, solar panels; the light complementary power generation unit at least includes: a wind power generator.
Optionally, the energy storage battery may be, but is not limited to, 1-2 24V/120AH energy storage batteries, and the solar panel may be, but is not limited to, 2-4 solar panels.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the monitoring terminal is disposed on a transmission tower and configured to monitor a specified type of event on a transmission line to obtain monitoring data, where the specified type of event at least includes: an external force damage event; a sub-node device, disposed on the power transmission line, connected to the monitoring terminal, and configured to obtain a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; the main node device is arranged in the substation communication machine room and connected with the sub-node devices and used for receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the sub-node devices and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control device, so that the purpose of improving the safety of wireless network access of the power transmission line monitoring system is achieved, the technical effect of guaranteeing the safety of the monitoring data is achieved, and the technical problem that the existing monitoring system cannot guarantee the safety of the monitoring data is solved.
It should be noted that the specific structure of the system for monitoring a power transmission line shown in fig. 1 to 2 in the present application is only an illustration, and in a specific application, the system for monitoring a power transmission line in the present application may have more or less structures than the system for monitoring a power transmission line shown in fig. 1 to 2.
Example 2
In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an embodiment of a method of monitoring a power transmission line, it being noted that the steps illustrated in the flowchart of the drawings may be performed in a computer system, such as a set of computer-executable instructions, and that while a logical order is illustrated in the flowchart, in some cases the steps illustrated or described may be performed in an order different than here.
Fig. 3 is a flowchart of a method for monitoring a power transmission line according to an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 3, the method includes the following steps:
step S102, monitoring the appointed type event on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type event at least comprises the following steps: an external force damage event;
step S104, acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment;
and step S106, receiving the plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Optionally, the external force damage event may be, but is not limited to, an event that a large-scale operation machine such as a crane or a pump truck touches, scrapes down an electric wire on an electric transmission line, an event that a lawbreaker steals the electric wire on the electric transmission line, and the like; because the external force damage event is very easy to bring serious potential safety hazard and property loss problems to the safe operation of the power transmission line, and in practical application, the occurrence of the external force damage scene has great randomness, a monitoring terminal is required to be arranged on the power transmission tower to monitor the external force damage event.
Optionally, the monitoring terminal may be but not limited to a high-definition video acquisition terminal, belongs to a terminal node of a system for monitoring a power transmission line, and may perform real-time high-definition visual inspection and monitor external force damage events of a power transmission line corridor by means of a large-bandwidth wireless private network.
Optionally, the sub-node device may be, but is not limited to, a sub-node device, and the sub-node device is installed on a tower of the power transmission line, so that monitoring data monitored by the monitoring terminal can be aggregated, that is, a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line are obtained, and the plurality of monitoring data are uploaded to the main node device in a unified manner.
Optionally, the master node device may be but not limited to a master node device, the master node device is installed on a dedicated tower support, the tower support is fixedly installed on the roof of the substation communication machine room, the master node device may receive monitoring data uploaded by the monitoring terminal or the child node device in a wireless point-to-multipoint manner or a point-to-point manner, and is docked with an optical fiber communication device SDH/MSTP in the substation through a communication box to transmit a plurality of monitoring data to the master control device.
In an optional embodiment, the monitoring terminal is further connected to the host node device, and configured to upload the monitoring data to the host node device; the connection modes between the monitoring terminal and the main node device and between the child node device and the main node device include at least one of the following: point-to-point communication connections, point-to-multipoint communication connections, and hybrid communication networking connections.
As can be seen from the above, in the embodiment of the present application, the monitoring data on the power transmission line is acquired by setting the monitoring terminal, and the plurality of monitoring data are aggregated and uploaded to the main control device by setting the sub-node device and the main node device, so that the security problem of wireless network access of each device in the power transmission line monitoring system is fully considered, the purpose of improving the security of wireless network access of the power transmission line monitoring system can be achieved, and the technical effect of ensuring the security of the monitoring data is achieved.
In the embodiment of the invention, the monitoring terminal monitors the specified type event on the power transmission line to obtain the monitoring data, wherein the specified type event at least comprises the following steps: an external force damage event; acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment; the main node equipment receives the plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the sub-node equipment and transmits the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment, so that the aim of improving the security of wireless network access of the power transmission line monitoring system is fulfilled, the technical effect of guaranteeing the security of the monitoring data is achieved, and the technical problem that the existing monitoring system cannot guarantee the security of the monitoring data is solved.
In an optional embodiment, after transmitting a plurality of the monitoring data to the master control device, the method further includes:
step S202, determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line through the main control device according to the received plurality of monitoring data;
step S204, outputting, by the master device, indication information to a target object when the event of the specified type occurs, where the indication information is used to indicate the target object to process the event of the specified type.
Optionally, the master control device may be, but is not limited to, a master control device that monitors a background master station, and is controlled by the target object, where the target object may be, but is not limited to, a worker, for example, a troubleshooting worker; the main control device may check and analyze the received monitoring data to determine whether the specified type event occurs on the power transmission line, and output instruction information to a target object to instruct the target object to process the specified type event when the specified type event occurs.
Optionally, the processing may be, but not limited to, processing such as stopping, maintaining, or supervising, for example, the target object may alarm, or stop the event of the specified type by controlling the monitoring terminal to play a voice, and the like.
It should be noted that any optional or preferred method for monitoring a power transmission line in this embodiment may be implemented or realized in the system for monitoring a power transmission line provided in embodiment 1.
In addition, it should be noted that, for alternative or preferred embodiments of the present embodiment, reference may be made to the relevant description in embodiment 1, and details are not described herein again.
Example 3
According to an embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of an apparatus for implementing the method for monitoring a power transmission line is further provided, and fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the apparatus for monitoring a power transmission line according to the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 4, the apparatus for monitoring a power transmission line includes: a monitoring module 40, an acquisition module 42, and a processing module 44, wherein:
the monitoring module 40 is configured to monitor, by a monitoring terminal, an event of a specified type on the power transmission line to obtain monitoring data, where the event of the specified type at least includes: an external force damage event; an obtaining module 42, configured to obtain, through a child node device, a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line; the processing module 44 is configured to receive, by the master node device, the multiple pieces of monitoring data uploaded by the child node devices, and transmit the multiple pieces of monitoring data to the master control device.
It should be noted that the above modules may be implemented by software or hardware, for example, for the latter, the following may be implemented: the modules can be located in the same processor; alternatively, the modules may be located in different processors in any combination.
It should be noted that the monitoring module 40, the obtaining module 42 and the processing module 44 correspond to steps S102 to S106 in embodiment 2, and the modules are the same as the examples and application scenarios realized by the corresponding steps, but are not limited to the disclosure of embodiment 2. It should be noted that the modules described above may be implemented in a computer terminal as part of an apparatus.
It should be noted that, reference may be made to the relevant description in embodiment 1 for optional or preferred embodiments of this embodiment, and details are not described here again.
The device for monitoring the power transmission line may further include a processor and a memory, where the monitoring module 40, the obtaining module 42, the processing module 44, and the like are all stored in the memory as program units, and the processor executes the program units stored in the memory to implement corresponding functions.
The processor comprises a kernel, and the kernel calls a corresponding program unit from the memory, wherein one or more than one kernel can be arranged. The memory may include volatile memory in a computer readable medium, Random Access Memory (RAM) and/or nonvolatile memory such as Read Only Memory (ROM) or flash memory (flash RAM), and the memory includes at least one memory chip.
According to the embodiment of the application, a storage medium embodiment is also provided. Optionally, in this embodiment, the storage medium includes a stored program, and when the program runs, the device on which the storage medium is located is controlled to execute any one of the above methods for monitoring the power transmission line.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the storage medium may be located in any one of a group of computer terminals in a computer network, or in any one of a group of mobile terminals, and the storage medium includes a stored program.
Optionally, the program controls the device on which the storage medium is located to perform the following functions when running: monitoring appointed type events on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment; and receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Optionally, the program controls the device on which the storage medium is located to perform the following functions when running: determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line or not through the main control equipment according to the received plurality of monitoring data; and when the event of the specified type occurs, outputting indication information to a target object through the main control equipment, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the event of the specified type.
According to the embodiment of the application, the embodiment of the processor is also provided. Optionally, in this embodiment, the processor is configured to execute a program, where the program executes any one of the above methods for monitoring a power transmission line.
The embodiment of the application provides equipment, the equipment comprises a processor, a memory and a program which is stored on the memory and can run on the processor, and the following steps are realized when the processor executes the program: monitoring appointed type events on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment; and receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Optionally, when the processor executes a program, the main control device may further determine whether the specified type event occurs on the power transmission line according to a plurality of received monitoring data; and outputting indication information to a target object through the main control equipment when the event of the specified type occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the event of the specified type.
The present application further provides a computer program product adapted to perform a program for initializing the following method steps when executed on a data processing device: monitoring appointed type events on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type events at least comprise: an external force damage event; acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment; and receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment.
Optionally, when the computer program product executes a program, the main control device may further determine whether the specified type event occurs in the power transmission line according to a plurality of received monitoring data; and outputting indication information to a target object through the main control equipment when the event of the specified type occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the event of the specified type.
The above-mentioned serial numbers of the embodiments of the present invention are merely for description and do not represent the merits of the embodiments.
In the above embodiments of the present invention, the descriptions of the respective embodiments have respective emphasis, and for parts that are not described in detail in a certain embodiment, reference may be made to related descriptions of other embodiments.
In the embodiments provided in the present application, it should be understood that the disclosed technology can be implemented in other ways. The above-described embodiments of the apparatus are merely illustrative, and for example, the division of the units may be a logical division, and in actual implementation, there may be another division, for example, multiple units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be omitted, or not executed. In addition, the shown or discussed mutual coupling or direct coupling or communication connection may be an indirect coupling or communication connection through some interfaces, units or modules, and may be in an electrical or other form.
The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one place, or may be distributed on a plurality of units. Some or all of the units can be selected according to actual needs to achieve the purpose of the solution of the embodiment.
In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each unit may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit can be realized in a form of hardware, and can also be realized in a form of a software functional unit.
The integrated unit, if implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as a stand-alone product, may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. Based on such understanding, the technical solution of the present invention may be embodied in the form of a software product, which is stored in a storage medium and includes instructions for causing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, or a network device) to execute all or part of the steps of the method according to the embodiments of the present invention. And the aforementioned storage medium includes: a U-disk, a Read-Only Memory (ROM), a Random Access Memory (RAM), a removable hard disk, a magnetic or optical disk, and other various media capable of storing program codes.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A system for monitoring a power transmission line, comprising:
the monitoring terminal is arranged on the transmission tower and used for monitoring specified type events on the transmission line to obtain monitoring data, and the specified type events at least comprise: an external force damage event;
the sub-node equipment is arranged on the power transmission line, is connected with the monitoring terminal and is used for acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by the plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line;
the main node equipment is arranged in the substation communication machine room, is connected with the sub-node equipment, and is used for receiving the monitoring data uploaded by the sub-node equipment and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control equipment;
the system further comprises:
the main control device is in communication connection with the main node device and is used for determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line according to the received monitoring data and outputting indication information to a target object under the condition that the specified type event occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the specified type event;
the plurality of communication boxes are respectively arranged in the monitoring terminal, the sub-node equipment and the main node equipment and are respectively connected with the monitoring terminal, the sub-node equipment and the main node equipment; the optical fiber communication equipment is connected with the communication boxes and is used for providing an optical fiber communication network;
the main node device is also connected with the optical fiber communication device through the communication box and is used for transmitting the monitoring data to the main control device through the optical fiber communication network;
the communication box is also provided with remote power supply management, and can realize on-off control and query of front-end communication equipment through a wireless communication network; the communication box is also provided with 4 groups of load equipment controllers, can realize gradual power-off quit of the system or restart, and has the functions of communication and monitoring independent power supply, direct current output, input short circuit, low voltage protection and storage battery failure protection.
2. The system of claim 1, further comprising:
the safety chip is integrated in the communication box and used for maintaining the network safety of the communication data of the communication box;
and the safety access platform is arranged in the main node equipment, is connected with the safety chip and is used for maintaining the network safety of the main node equipment.
3. The system of claim 1, further comprising:
the power supply system is used for supplying power to the system for monitoring the power transmission line;
the monitoring equipment is connected with the power supply system and is used for monitoring the operation data of the power supply system and controlling a power supply output port of the power supply system;
the monitoring device is further configured to obtain a load power of the power supply system, and determine to generate power by using a photovoltaic power generation unit or a light complementary power generation unit according to the load power, where the photovoltaic power generation unit includes at least one of: energy storage batteries, solar panels; the photo-complementary power generation unit includes at least: a wind power generator.
4. The system of claim 1,
the system further comprises: a plurality of fixed structural members; the monitoring terminal is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission tower through the fixed structural part, the sub-node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on the transmission line through the fixed structural part, and the main node equipment is further used for being fixedly arranged on a support at the top of the transformer substation communication machine room through the fixed structural part.
5. The system of claim 1,
the monitoring terminal is also connected with the main node equipment and used for uploading the monitoring data to the main node equipment;
the connection modes between the monitoring terminal and the main node equipment and between the sub-node equipment and the main node equipment comprise at least one of the following modes: point-to-point communication connections, point-to-multipoint communication connections, and hybrid communication networking connections.
6. A method of monitoring a power transmission line, comprising:
monitoring an appointed type event on the power transmission line through a monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the appointed type event at least comprises the following steps: an external force damage event;
acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment;
receiving a plurality of monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment, and transmitting the plurality of monitoring data to the main control equipment;
the method further comprises the following steps:
the main control device is in communication connection with the main node device and is used for determining whether the specified type event occurs to the power transmission line according to the received monitoring data and outputting indication information to a target object under the condition that the specified type event occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the specified type event;
a plurality of communication boxes, which are respectively arranged in the monitoring terminal, the child node device and the master node device and are respectively connected with the monitoring terminal, the child node device and the master node device; the optical fiber communication equipment is connected with the communication boxes and is used for providing an optical fiber communication network;
the master node device is also connected with the optical fiber communication device through the communication box and is used for transmitting the monitoring data to the master control device through the optical fiber communication network;
the communication box is also provided with remote power supply management, and can realize the on-off control and query of front-end communication equipment through a wireless communication network; the communication box is also provided with 4 groups of load equipment controllers, can realize gradual power-off quit of the system or restart, and has the functions of communication and monitoring independent power supply, direct current output, input short circuit, low voltage protection and storage battery failure protection.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein after transmitting a plurality of the monitoring data to a master device, the method further comprises:
determining whether the specified type event occurs in the power transmission line or not through the master control equipment according to the received plurality of monitoring data;
and under the condition that the event of the specified type occurs, outputting indication information to a target object through the main control equipment, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the event of the specified type.
8. An apparatus for monitoring a power transmission line, comprising:
the monitoring module is used for monitoring the specified type event on the power transmission line through the monitoring terminal to obtain monitoring data, wherein the specified type event at least comprises the following components: an external force damage event;
the acquisition module is used for acquiring a plurality of monitoring data monitored by a plurality of monitoring terminals on the power transmission line through child node equipment;
the processing module is used for receiving the monitoring data uploaded by the child node equipment through the main node equipment and transmitting the monitoring data to the main control equipment;
the device further comprises:
the main control device is in communication connection with the main node device, and is used for determining whether the specified type event occurs in the power transmission line according to the received multiple pieces of monitoring data, and outputting indication information to a target object under the condition that the specified type event occurs, wherein the indication information is used for indicating the target object to process the specified type event;
a plurality of communication boxes, which are respectively arranged in the monitoring terminal, the child node device and the master node device and are respectively connected with the monitoring terminal, the child node device and the master node device; the optical fiber communication equipment is connected with the communication boxes and is used for providing an optical fiber communication network;
the main node device is also connected with the optical fiber communication device through the communication box and is used for transmitting the monitoring data to the main control device through the optical fiber communication network;
the communication box is also provided with remote power supply management, and can realize on-off control and query of front-end communication equipment through a wireless communication network; the communication box is also provided with 4 groups of load equipment controllers, can realize gradual power-off quit of the system or restart, and has the functions of communication and monitoring independent power supply, direct current output, input short circuit, low voltage protection and storage battery failure protection.
9. A storage medium, characterized in that the storage medium comprises a stored program, wherein when the program is executed, a device in which the storage medium is located is controlled to execute the method for monitoring a power transmission line according to any one of claims 6 or 7.
10. A processor, characterized in that the processor is configured to run a program, wherein the program when running performs the method of monitoring a power transmission line according to any one of claims 6 or 7.
CN201811565937.8A 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 Method, device and system for monitoring power transmission line Active CN109743365B (en)

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CN111405487B (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-12-15 江苏中信博新能源科技股份有限公司 Communication device, system, method and communication box
CN112953008A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-11 国网浙江省电力有限公司嘉兴供电公司 Real-time state monitoring system for power transmission and transformation circuit

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CN103178902A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-26 千江(上海)信息科技有限公司 Electric transmission line monitoring communication system based on super-distance wireless optical network
CN105469526A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 山东智洋电气股份有限公司 Anti-external damage intelligent monitoring system and method for power transmission line
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CN101778262A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-07-14 南京航空航天大学 Intelligent video monitoring system for preventing damage to power transmission line caused by external force
CN103178902A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-26 千江(上海)信息科技有限公司 Electric transmission line monitoring communication system based on super-distance wireless optical network
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