CN109736614A - The base configuration of open caisson stereo garage - Google Patents

The base configuration of open caisson stereo garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109736614A
CN109736614A CN201910156600.XA CN201910156600A CN109736614A CN 109736614 A CN109736614 A CN 109736614A CN 201910156600 A CN201910156600 A CN 201910156600A CN 109736614 A CN109736614 A CN 109736614A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel
cabinet
stereo garage
open caisson
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910156600.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林彦
宋健凯
林庆伟
李文明
姜圆圆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Jianzhu University
Dayang Parking Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Jianzhu University
Dayang Parking Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Jianzhu University, Dayang Parking Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Jianzhu University
Priority to CN201910156600.XA priority Critical patent/CN109736614A/en
Publication of CN109736614A publication Critical patent/CN109736614A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of base configurations of open caisson stereo garage, belong to stereo garage technical field of construction, it includes underground wall body, the underground wall body is divided into several layers up and down along height, every layer is circumferentially divided into several steel base units, it is less than the thickness of the steel base unit positioned at lower layer positioned at the thickness of the steel base unit on upper layer, bindiny mechanism is equipped between two adjacent steel base units, the steel base unit includes steel cabinet, cabinets cavity is equipped in the steel tank body, the steel cabinet is equipped with cast gate, the cabinets cavity, which pours, is inoculated with concrete, the present invention solves underground three-dimensional garage long construction period, structural strength is not high, the high technical problem of manufacturing cost, it is widely used in stereo garage construction.

Description

The base configuration of open caisson stereo garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to stereo garage technical field of construction more particularly to a kind of base configurations of open caisson stereo garage.
Background technique
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, more and more people have purchased private car;Traffic and ring to city Border plays great influence.And the appearance of parking difficulty problem, also huge business opportunity and wide is brought to Mechanical parking system industry Wealthy market.In this business opportunity and compete and when deposit, the Mechanical parking system industry in China also will from Rapid development stage into Enter the stable development stage.Future market is huge, but the demand to product, it will to two extreme developments: one extremely It is the extreme of price, market largely needs the Mechanical parking system of low price, as long as it can achieve the purpose that increase parking stall, It can guarantee most basic service performance, be dominated the market with price advantage, the market share of this part is estimated to be up to 70%- 80%;Another is extremely exactly the extreme of technology and performance, it is desirable that parking apparatus has superior service performance, easily operates Mode, efficiently access speed.By the summary of domestic and international Mechanical parking system use experience, it can be found that people are in the machine of utilizing When tool parking equipment access vehicle, what is pursued first is access vehicle speed, waiting time and comfort level.In addition, following machine Tool parking apparatus market will more focus on perfect after-sales service system, and remote monitoring system, remote failure lead processing system will It is the target that user pursues.With the development of China's economy continuously and healthily, perfect, the Mechanical parking system industry general of urban planning As an energetic southern exposure industry, the technology of Mechanical parking system will also obtain significant progress.
In today of rapid economic development, surface structures and greening all gradually increase, so that ground parking stall is seriously not Foot, therefore, underground three-dimensional garage become a development trend, and how to construct underground three-dimensional garage is also those skilled in the art The project unanimously studied.
For example, a kind of precast spliced sinking type parking disclosed in the patent of invention application No. is 2017100964937 In the engineering method in library, caisson structure includes several index beds of bottom blade foot layer and top, and the installation accuracy of blade foot layer determines The assembling quality of upper layer open caisson index bed, the construction method of blade foot layer are as follows: be disposed vertically blade foot block, and by several blade foots Block is successively spliced to form pit shaft first layer (blade foot block inner wall lower is connected to form wedge shape section with outer wall diagonally downward), and makes it The method being disposed vertically is to support blade foot block jointly by support frame, positioning limit device, diagonal brace, after a blade foot block is installed Remove support frame, positioning limit device, diagonal brace, the construction method use prefabricated assembled blade foot structure, because component be it is abnormally-structured, Volume is larger, and transport, lifting turnover need two to three times, higher cost, and assembled needs a large amount of Auxiliary support brackets, splicing seams precision It is not easy to guarantee, blade foot solid-section later period waterproof is not easy to handle.
In another example disclosed in the patent of invention application No. is 201711007754.X a kind of sliding formwork component and application its In caisson cutting edge layer slding form operation method, disclose a kind of sliding formwork component, including slideway, exterior sheathing, inner template, two side templates and Several sliding slots installed for exterior sheathing and inner template, the exterior sheathing bottom are arranged on the slideway for several connection fixtures Portion is provided with several outer stabilizer blades, and installation movement along the chute, the inner template bottom is arranged on the outside of slideway in the outer stabilizer blade Several interior stabilizer blades are provided with, installation movement along the chute is arranged on the inside of slideway in the interior stabilizer blade, and the side template setting exists The two sides of inside and outside template are simultaneously connect by connection fixture with inner template and exterior sheathing.Although ensuring that blade foot construction is completed Line style vertical precision afterwards, to guarantee the assembling quality of upper layer open caisson standard segment, however cast in situs leads to long construction period, sternly The construction period of stereo garage is affected again, and the measure bottom and side wall waterproof is all relatively difficult.
These prefabricated components or pouring piece structural strength be not high, and breakage is easy in construction, causes its service life limited, shadow The normal use of stereo garage is rung.Also, these prefabricated components or pouring piece consistency of thickness from top to bottom, cause materials'use Amount is big, increases manufacturing cost.
Therefore, for developing the base configuration of new open caisson stereo garage a kind of, not only there is urgent researching value, With good economic efficiency and commercial application potentiality, where this power exactly of the invention being accomplished and basis.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the defect of the prior art as indicated above, the present inventor has made intensive studies this, is paying After a large amount of creative works, so as to complete the present invention.
Specifically, the technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: provide a kind of base configuration of open caisson stereo garage, with Solve underground three-dimensional garage long construction period, the technical problem that structural strength is not high, manufacturing cost is high.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that provide a kind of base configuration of open caisson stereo garage, Including underground wall body, the underground wall body is divided into several layers up and down along height, and every layer is circumferentially divided into several steel base lists Member is less than the thickness of the steel base unit positioned at lower layer, two adjacent steel positioned at the thickness of the steel base unit on upper layer Bindiny mechanism is equipped between base unit processed, the steel base unit includes steel cabinet, is equipped in the steel tank body Cabinets cavity, the steel cabinet are equipped with cast gate, and the cabinets cavity, which pours, is inoculated with concrete.
In the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the steel The side of cabinet processed is equipped with cabinet opening, is welded on the steel cabinet wall opposite with the cabinet open position several Root box body bolt, the end of thread of the box body bolt are pierced by the cabinet opening, and the steel cabinet is equipped with for blocking The cabinet plugging plate of cabinet opening is stated, the cabinet plugging plate is equipped with the cast gate, and the cabinet plugging plate is equipped with and institute The corresponding through-hole of box body bolt is stated, the cabinet plugging plate is fixedly installed in the steel by the box body bolt and nut On cabinet.
In the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the company Connection mechanism includes the box body connecting plate for being set to steel cabinet periphery, and the box body connecting plate is connected by fastener.
It is as a kind of perferred technical scheme, described tight in the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention Gap around firmware, which is poured, is inoculated with concrete.
In the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, by tight Water-proof slab is equipped between two pieces of box body connecting plates that firmware is connected.
It is as a kind of perferred technical scheme, adjacent in the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention Drag reduction plate is equipped between two steel cabinets.
It is as a kind of perferred technical scheme, described to subtract in the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention Baffle-wall is welded in the outside of corresponding steel cabinet.
It is as a kind of perferred technical scheme, described to subtract in the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention Erosion resistant coating is equipped with around the weld seam of baffle-wall.
It is as a kind of perferred technical scheme, adjacent in the base configuration of the open caisson stereo garage of the invention The bindiny mechanism is corresponded between two steel base units and is equipped with capping plate, and the capping plate is plugged in two neighboring institute The inside in gap between steel base unit is stated, bucket is poured in the capping plate connection.
After above-mentioned technical proposal, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) underground wall body is divided into steel base unit by the present invention, and the unit volume after segmentation is relatively small, when pouring Vibration tamp is easier, and concrete set time is also short, substantially reduces construction period, and steel base unit and biography The precast construction of system is compared, and uses steel cabinet as shell, when production, steel cabinet can be processed in factory, then Nearest placing concrete near at the construction field (site), transport enters construction without quotient is mixed vehicle to site operation after solidification Scene is especially suitable for the transformation of cell garage, improves the environment of construction site, shorten construction period, and at the same time steel material Material has good waterproof performance and intensity, plays good protective effect to inner concrete.
(2) thickness for being less than the steel base unit positioned at lower layer due to being located at the thickness of the steel base unit on upper layer, It can either guarantee the use intensity of steel base unit, and reduce the volume of the steel base unit of similar face product, in turn Materials'use is saved, manufacturing cost is reduced.
(3) it due to being welded with several box body bolts on the steel cabinet wall opposite with cabinet open position, ensure that The integrality of steel tank outside improves waterproof effect, when making steel cabinet, protrudes into welding gun out of cabinet opening, welds Box body bolt is connect, welding completes rear seal-cover cabinet plugging plate, cabinet plugging plate is tightened on steel cabinet by box body bolt, And the box body bolt can also stablize the shape of steel cabinet during placing concrete, avoid steel box deformation, pour After the completion of filling, box body bolt plays the role of reinforcing rib, further improves the structural strength of steel base unit.
(4) it is poured due to the gap around fastener and is inoculated with concrete, on the one hand improve the anti-corrosion effect of fastener, extended On the other hand the service life of fastener reduces deflection, improves the strengths in tension and compression of steel base unit, mention Its high using effect.
(5) due to being provided with drag reduction plate, and it is equipped with erosion resistant coating around the weld seam of drag reduction plate, not only to subtract during open caisson Lack sedimentation resistance, and further improved waterproof and anti-corrosion effect, improves service performance of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of underground three-dimensional garage in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of steel base unit in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 right side structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlargement structural representation of A in Fig. 1;
Wherein, in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, each number designation is respectively referred to for following concrete meaning, element and/or component.
In figure: 1, steel base unit, 101, steel cabinet, 102, cabinet plugging plate, 103, box body bolt, 104, coagulation Soil, 105, cast gate, 2, capping plate, 3, parking apparatus steelframe, 4, berth, 5, hoistable platform, 6, ground floor go out enter the room, 7, connection machine Structure, 701, box body connecting plate, 702, fastener, 703, drag reduction plate, 8, water-proof slab, 9, top frame, 10, pouring bucket.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.But the purposes and mesh of these exemplary embodiments Be only used to enumerate the present invention, any type of any restriction not is constituted to real protection scope of the invention, it is more non-to incite somebody to action this The protection scope of invention is confined to this.
A kind of base configuration of open caisson stereo garage provided by the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, including underground wall body, underground Wall is divided into several layers up and down along height, and every layer is circumferentially divided into several steel base units 1, the steel base positioned at upper layer The thickness of unit 1 is less than the thickness of the steel base unit 1 positioned at lower layer, is all provided between two adjacent steel base units 1 There is bindiny mechanism 7, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, steel base unit 1 includes steel cabinet 101, is equipped with cabinet in steel cabinet 101 Inner cavity, steel cabinet 101 are equipped with cast gate 105, and cabinets cavity, which pours, is inoculated with concrete 104, and concrete 104 is injected from cast gate 105. The side of steel cabinet 101 is equipped with cabinet opening, is welded on 101 inner wall of steel cabinet opposite with cabinet open position several Root box body bolt 103, the end of thread of box body bolt 103 are pierced by cabinet opening, and steel cabinet 101 is equipped with spacious for blocking cabinet The cabinet plugging plate 102 of mouth, cabinet plugging plate 102 are equipped with cast gate 105, and cabinet plugging plate 102 is equipped with and box body bolt 103 Corresponding through-hole, cabinet plugging plate 102 are fixedly installed on steel cabinet 101 by box body bolt 103 and nut.
Underground wall body is divided into steel base unit 1 by the present invention, and the unit volume after segmentation is relatively small, and when pouring shakes Dynamic compacting is easier, and 104 setting time of concrete is also short, substantially reduces construction period, and steel base unit 1 with Traditional precast construction is compared, and is used steel cabinet 101 and is used as shell, when production, steel cabinet can be processed in factory 101, then at the construction field (site) nearby nearby placing concrete 104, after solidification transport to site operation, without quotient is mixed vehicle Construction site is entered, is especially suitable for the transformation of cell garage, improves the environment of construction site, shorten construction period, and Steel material has good waterproof performance and intensity simultaneously, plays good protective effect to inner concrete 104, and And can be welded with steel structure frame on the inside of steel cabinet 101, intensity is high, convenient for construction, instead of the peripheral steel of stereo garage Structure reduces the manufacturing cost of stereo garage.
It is well known that the pressure for being located at soil layer suffered by the steel base unit 1 on upper layer is less than the steel base positioned at lower layer The pressure of soil layer suffered by plinth unit 1, therefore, the thickness that the present invention is located at the steel base unit 1 on upper layer are less than positioned at lower layer The thickness of steel base unit 1, on the one hand, can either guarantee the use intensity of steel base unit 1, and reduce similar face The volume of long-pending steel base unit 1, and then materials'use is saved, reduce manufacturing cost;On the other hand, in open caisson process In, upper layer steel base unit 1 is easier, and reduces difficulty of construction, further shortens construction period.
Due to being welded with several box body bolts 103 on 101 inner wall of steel cabinet opposite with cabinet open position, guarantee The integrality of 101 lateral surface of steel cabinet improves waterproof effect, when making steel cabinet 101, protrudes into out of cabinet opening Rear seal-cover cabinet plugging plate 102 is completed in welding gun, welding casing bolt 103, welding, by box body bolt 103 by cabinet plugging plate 102 are tightened on steel cabinet 101, and the box body bolt 103 can also stablize steel tank during placing concrete 104 The shape of body 101 avoids steel cabinet 101 from deforming, and after the completion of pouring, box body bolt 103 plays the role of reinforcing rib, further Improve the structural strength of steel base unit 1.
As shown in figure 4, bindiny mechanism 7 includes the box body connecting plate 701 for being set to 101 periphery of steel cabinet, cabinet connection Plate 701 is connected by fastener 702, and the gap around fastener 702, which is poured, is inoculated with concrete.When the setting of steel cabinet 101 exists When the blade foot layer of the bottom, two sides of upper side and left and right of steel cabinet 101, downside is arranged in box body connecting plate 701 It is provided with blade foot, and when steel cabinet 101 is arranged in index bed, the upside of steel cabinet 101 is arranged in box body connecting plate 701 Two face, downside and left and right sides.
Water-proof slab 8 is equipped between two pieces of box body connecting plates 701 being connected by fastener 702, water-proof slab 8 is logical Often it is rubber slab, further improves waterproof effect.
It is equipped with drag reduction plate 703 between two adjacent steel cabinets 101, drag reduction plate 703 is welded in corresponding steel tank The outside of body 101 is equipped with erosion resistant coating around the weld seam of drag reduction plate 703, and there are many kinds of erosion resistant coating formation means, those skilled in the art Member can implement according to common sense, it is ensured that weld seam anti-corrosion extends service life.And during drag reduction plate 703 not only makes open caisson Reduce sedimentation resistance, and further improve waterproof and anti-corrosion effect, improves service performance of the invention.
It is correspondingly connected with mechanism 7 between two adjacent steel base units 1 and is equipped with capping plate 2, capping plate 2 is plugged in adjacent The inside in gap between two steel base units 1, bucket 10 is poured in the capping connection of plate 2, in two adjacent steel base units 1 After completing connection, then capping plate 2 is installed, pours coagulation toward the gap between two steel base units 1 using bucket 10 is poured On the one hand soil improves the anti-corrosion effect of fastener 702, extend the service life of fastener 702, on the other hand, reduces Deflection improves the strengths in tension and compression of steel base unit 1, improves its using effect.
In order to further increase service performance of the invention, preservative treatment, anti-corrosion hand are also needed in the outside of steel cabinet 101 Section has very much, can form protective layer by the methods of smearing, spraying, plating, hot dip, spraying plating, not illustrate one by one herein.
The construction step of base configuration construction and underground three-dimensional garage is as follows:
S1, the underground wall body of underground garage is divided into several layers up and down along height, the bottom is blade foot layer, and remainder layer is mark Quasi- layer is poured in steel base unit 1 by cast gate 105 as shown in Figure 1, every layer is circumferentially divided into several steel base units 1 It is inoculated with concrete 104, is equipped with bindiny mechanism 7 between two adjacent steel base units 1;S2, smooth location, measurement are put Line determines open caisson position, which is the preparation before construction, and those skilled in the art commonly use, are not situated between in detail herein It continues;S3, it lays on the outside of the open caisson and sets gutter, sump on the inside of precipitation well point or open caisson, according to construction terrain, this field Technical staff can choose using precipitation well point or gutter or sump;S4, the installation of blade foot layer: steel base unit 1 is led to It crosses bindiny mechanism 7 and is spliced into blade foot layer, the ground that blade foot layer is surrounded, which is excavated, is unearthed, and so that blade foot layer is sunk in place, blade foot layer Structure and open caisson construction are well known to those skilled in the art, and details are not described herein;S5, index bed installation: lifting steel base Unit 1 is spliced with mounted blade foot layer steel base unit 1 by bindiny mechanism 7, is then proceeded to excavate and is unearthed, until the layer Well-sinking is in place;S6, lifting steel base unit 1 are spliced with mounted steel base unit 1 by bindiny mechanism 7, so After continue excavate be unearthed, until this layer of well-sinking in place;S7, the other index beds of S6 step installation are repeated, until pit shaft is layer-by-layer Sink down into predetermined depth;S8, bottom sealing: bottom is followed successively by cement block, waterproof cloth, reinforcing bar with flowing water gap from the bottom to top Concrete floor and ballast concrete sealing bottom, when construction, the infiltration in shaft bottom by the flowing water gap discharge between adjacent cement block, Concentration is taken away, and after the completion of construction, waterproof cloth is laid with above cement block, bottom water-proofing treatment is carried out, then covers reinforced concrete Native bottom plate and ballast concrete, compacting;S9, the installation of stereo garage steel structure: successively parking apparatus steelframe 3, berth 4 are lifted into Position, then hoisting mechanism and hoistable platform 5 are installed;S10, open caisson bind, and install top frame 9 at the top of open caisson, top frame 9 with most The steel base unit 1 of top layer links together, or the fasteners such as welding or bolt are connected to the steel base list of top There is the top steel plate of well head at the top of member 1 in 9 upper berth setting tool of top frame, and pithead position is corresponding with channel position is promoted, Top steel plate upper berth is set up defences water cloth, then the placing concrete on waterproof cloth, is required, can be filled out above concrete if any greening Soil restores greening, compacting, and installation ground floor goes out to enter the room 6;S11, the guidance of installation vehicle and management system.
It should be appreciated that the purposes of these embodiments is merely to illustrate the present invention and is not intended to limit protection model of the invention It encloses.In addition, it should also be understood that, after reading the technical contents of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make the present invention each Kind change, modification and/or variation, all these equivalent forms equally fall within guarantor defined by the application the appended claims Within the scope of shield.

Claims (9)

1. the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage, including underground wall body, the underground wall body is divided into several layers up and down along height, It is characterized in that, every layer is circumferentially divided into several steel base units, and the thickness positioned at the steel base unit on upper layer is less than position Bindiny mechanism, the steel are equipped between the thickness of the steel base unit of lower layer, two adjacent steel base units Base unit includes steel cabinet, and cabinets cavity is equipped in the steel tank body, and the steel cabinet is equipped with cast gate, the case Intracoelomic cavity, which pours, is inoculated with concrete.
2. the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the side of the steel cabinet Equipped with cabinet opening, several box body bolts are welded on the steel cabinet wall opposite with the cabinet open position, The end of thread of the box body bolt is pierced by the cabinet opening, and the steel cabinet is equipped with for blocking the cabinet opening Cabinet plugging plate, the cabinet plugging plate are equipped with the cast gate, and the cabinet plugging plate is equipped with and the box body bolt phase Corresponding through-hole, the cabinet plugging plate are fixedly installed on the steel cabinet by the box body bolt and nut.
3. the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the bindiny mechanism includes setting It is placed in the box body connecting plate on steel cabinet periphery, the box body connecting plate is connected by fastener.
4. the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the fastener week The gap enclosed, which is poured, is inoculated with concrete.
5. according to claim 1 to the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage described in any one of 4 claims, which is characterized in that Water-proof slab is equipped between two pieces of box body connecting plates being connected by fastener.
6. according to claim 1 to the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage described in any one of 5 claims, which is characterized in that Drag reduction plate is equipped between two adjacent steel cabinets.
7. according to claim 1 to the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage described in any one of 6 claims, which is characterized in that The drag reduction plate is welded in the outside of corresponding steel cabinet.
8. according to claim 1 to the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage described in any one of 7 claims, which is characterized in that Erosion resistant coating is equipped with around the weld seam of the drag reduction plate.
9. according to claim 1 to the base configuration of open caisson stereo garage described in any one of 8 claims, which is characterized in that The bindiny mechanism is corresponded between the steel base unit of adjacent two and is equipped with capping plate, and the capping plate is plugged in adjacent Bucket is poured in the inside in gap between two steel base units, the capping plate connection.
CN201910156600.XA 2019-03-01 2019-03-01 The base configuration of open caisson stereo garage Pending CN109736614A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111236474A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-05 南京城镇建筑设计咨询有限公司 Energy station structure outer wall and construction method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111236474A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-05 南京城镇建筑设计咨询有限公司 Energy station structure outer wall and construction method

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