CN109732694A - The perforating device of electric automatic control - Google Patents

The perforating device of electric automatic control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109732694A
CN109732694A CN201811591767.0A CN201811591767A CN109732694A CN 109732694 A CN109732694 A CN 109732694A CN 201811591767 A CN201811591767 A CN 201811591767A CN 109732694 A CN109732694 A CN 109732694A
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China
Prior art keywords
perforating
automatic control
punching
guiding
electric automatic
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CN201811591767.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109732694B (en
Inventor
王婷卉
齐明远
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王婷卉
齐明远
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of perforating devices of electric automatic control, are related to electric punch technical field, including supporting mechanism, for horizontally-supported plate-shaped body to be punctured;Perforating mechanism is located above supporting mechanism and follows closely with punching, punched by moving down;Guiding mechanism, between supporting mechanism and perforating mechanism, for providing guiding to punching nail;Electrical control mechanism participates in guiding for controlling perforating mechanism movement and guiding mechanism.It is low to solve perforating efficiency existing in the prior art, the technical issues of position inaccurate, and realizes electric autocontrol control punching.

Description

The perforating device of electric automatic control
Technical field
The present invention relates to electric punch technical field, especially a kind of perforating device of electric automatic control.
Background technique
Punching is common operational sequence in industrial processes, especially for the punching of plank or cardboard, in the past Punching be to be punched by manual operation mostly, not only working efficiency is low, and position it is often inaccurate, can not be into Row accurately positioning, and beat different size of hole and need to replace syringe needle at any time, it further reduced the efficiency of work, Wu Faman The requirement produced enough.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of perforating devices of electric automatic control, solve in the prior art The technical issues of existing perforating efficiency is low, position inaccurate, and realize electric autocontrol control punching.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that provide a kind of perforating device of electric automatic control, Including supporting mechanism, for horizontally-supported plate-shaped body to be punctured;Perforating mechanism is located above supporting mechanism and with punching Nail, is punched by moving down;Guiding mechanism, between supporting mechanism and perforating mechanism, for providing guiding to punching nail; Electrical control mechanism participates in guiding for controlling perforating mechanism movement and guiding mechanism.
Preferably, the supporting mechanism includes parcel shelf, the water transfer flattening mechanism below parcel shelf, the level-off machine Structure includes set square, the swivel nut that three of set square end angles are placed on ground by screw rod connection, the set square by Realize that Level tune, the parcel shelf connect set square, the parcel shelf and set square by the first cylinder in the rotation of swivel nut It is arranged in parallel.
Preferably, round hole is equipped among the parcel shelf, the middle part of the round hole is equipped with the ejection with the first cylinder The central plate of connection is held, the central plate connects parcel shelf by connecting rod.
Preferably, the perforating mechanism include lifting disk, set on lifting disk lower surface punching nail, from lifting disk center wear The column crossed and be slidably connected with lifting disk, the column and connection frame are rotatablely connected, the connection frame and ground face contact, described Lifting disk is by means of the second cylinder moving for being connected on connection frame.
Preferably, the guiding mechanism is the guide plate for being connected to column lower end, and the guide plate is equipped with pilot hole, institute It is identical as the quantity of punching nail and correspond to each other to state pilot hole, keeps pilot hole and punching nail mutual right one by one by the rotation of column Just punching follows closely and carries out punch operation across pilot hole afterwards.
Preferably, the column is rotated by means of the servo motor being set on connection frame, and the top of the column is additionally provided with Indicator, the connection frame are L shape frame and are two, and by chassis and ground face contact, the chassis is equipped with the connection frame Universal wheel.
Preferably, the electrical control mechanism includes PLC controller, and first cylinder, the second cylinder and servo motor are equal It is controlled by PLC controller, the electrical control mechanism further includes three the first photosensitive sensors on parcel shelf, first light Dependent sensor is evenly arranged along the circumferencial direction of round hole, the signal output end connection PLC control of first photosensitive sensor The signal input part of device processed.
Preferably, set on the guide plate there are three the second photosensitive sensor, the lifting disk be equipped with it is second photosensitive The equal RF transmitter of number of sensors can be such that the second photosensitive sensor and infrared ray sends out by the rotation of the guide plate Emitter one is a pair of just and simultaneously to punch nail and one a pair of pilot hole just.
Preferably, the punching nail is that multiple cylindrical bodies that the radius being coaxially disposed from bottom to top becomes larger are fixedly connected It forms, the cylindrical body of bottom end has pointed section, and the bottom of the upside cylindrical body in addition to the cylindrical body of bottom end is equipped with circular blade.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are supporting mechanism is used to support the plate-shaped body for needing to punch, and plays support Effect, perforating mechanism are equipped with punching nail, can realize punching by moving down, guiding mechanism is used to provide the effect of guiding, significantly The accuracy of punching is increased, electrical control mechanism realizes the automatic control of punch operation, realizes automatic punching and guiding mechanism Guiding.
Detailed description of the invention
The structural schematic diagram of the perforating device of Fig. 1 electric automatic control provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that nail is punched in Fig. 1.
Wherein, 1, parcel shelf, 2, set square, 3, screw rod, 4, swivel nut, the 5, first cylinder, 6, round hole, 7, central plate, 8, Lifting disk, 9, punching nail, 10, column, 11, connection frame, the 12, second cylinder, 13, guide plate, 14, pilot hole, 15, servo electricity Machine, 16, indicator, 17, chassis, the 18, first photosensitive sensor, the 19, second photosensitive sensor, 20, PLC controller.
Specific embodiment
In order to which technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved are more clearly understood, tie below Accompanying drawings and embodiments are closed, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
The present invention is described in further detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments:
Referring to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of perforating device of electric automatic control, including supporting mechanism, For horizontally-supported plate-shaped body to be punctured;Perforating mechanism is located above supporting mechanism and follows closely 9 with punching, by moving down It is punched;Guiding mechanism, between supporting mechanism and perforating mechanism, for providing guiding to punching nail 9;Electrical control mechanism, Guiding is participated in for controlling perforating mechanism movement and guiding mechanism.
Supporting mechanism is used to support the plate-shaped body for needing to punch in the present embodiment, plays the role of support, puncher Structure is equipped with punching nail 9, can realize punching by moving down, guiding mechanism is used to provide the effect of guiding, considerably increases punching Accuracy, electrical control mechanism realizes the automatic control of punch operation, realizes the guiding of automatic punching and guiding mechanism.
Further, referring to Fig. 1, supporting mechanism includes parcel shelf 1, the water transfer flattening mechanism set on 1 lower section of parcel shelf, institute Stating water transfer flattening mechanism includes set square 2, and three end angles of the set square 2 connect the swivel nut 4 being placed on ground by screw rod 3, The set square 2 realizes that Level tune, the parcel shelf 1 connect set square 2 by the first cylinder 5 by means of the rotation of swivel nut 4, The parcel shelf 1 and set square 2 are arranged in parallel.
In present embodiment, parcel shelf 1 realizes horizontal adjusting, because it is arranged in parallel with set square 2, so working as When by the horizontality of 4 adjusting triangle plate 2 of screw rod 3 and swivel nut, then parcel shelf 1 is also just adjusted to horizontality, in this way The cardboard being placed on parcel shelf 1 or plank realization can be made horizontal, accurate positionin is facilitated to realize punching, swivel nut 4 rotates, then spiral shell Bar 3 rises or falls, then the adjusting of height may be implemented.
Further, referring to Fig. 1, being equipped with round hole 6 among the parcel shelf 1, the middle part of the round hole 6 be equipped with The central plate 7 of the ejection end connection of first cylinder 5, the central plate 7 connect parcel shelf 1 by connecting rod.In present embodiment, set The height of object plate 1 can realize the adjusting of height by the first cylinder 5, and round hole 6 is less than lifting disk 8, then lifting disk 8 can incite somebody to action Plate object is pressed, and passing through for punching nail 9 may be implemented by round hole 6.
Further, please refer to perforating mechanism described in Fig. 1 include lifting disk 8, set on 8 lower surface of lifting disk punching nail 9, The column 10 for passing through from 8 center of lifting disk and being slidably connected with lifting disk 8, the column 10 are rotatablely connected with connection frame 11, institute Connection frame 11 and ground face contact are stated, the lifting disk 8 is moved by means of the second cylinder 12 being connected on connection frame 11.
Lifting disk 8 is moved by means of the second cylinder 12 in present embodiment, to realize punch operation, connection frame 11 is played The effect of support, provides the carrier of 1 above section structure of parcel shelf.
Further, please referring to guiding mechanism described in Fig. 1 is the guide plate 13 for being connected to 10 lower end of column, the guide plate 13 are equipped with pilot hole 14, and the pilot hole 14 is identical as the quantity of punching nail 9 and corresponds to each other, and is made by the rotation of column 10 Punching nail 9 passes through pilot hole 14 and carries out punch operation after pilot hole 14 and punching nail 9 align one by one.
In present embodiment, guide plate 13 can be rotated by the rotation of column 10, to make pilot hole 14 and punching Nail 9 aligns one by one, then pilot hole 14 realizes the effect of guiding.
Further, column 10 described in Fig. 1 is please referred to be rotated by means of the servo motor 15 being set on connection frame 11, it is described The top of column 10 is additionally provided with indicator 16, and the connection frame 11 is L shape frame and is two, and the connection frame 11 passes through chassis 17 With ground face contact, the chassis 17 is equipped with universal wheel.It is rotated present embodiments provide for column 10 by servo motor 15 Embodiment, indicator 16 provide the effect of instruction, it can record is after pilot hole 14 aligns one by one with punching nail 9 The position of indicator 16 can determine whether to just.
Further, please referring to electrical control mechanism described in Fig. 1 includes PLC controller 20, first cylinder 5, the second cylinder 12 and servo motor 15 be controlled by PLC controller 20, the electrical control mechanism further includes three first on parcel shelf 1 Photosensitive sensor 18, first photosensitive sensor 18 are evenly arranged along the circumferencial direction of round hole 6, the first photosensitive biography The signal input part of the signal output end connection PLC controller 20 of sensor 18.
In present embodiment, PLC controller 20 is master controller, the first cylinder 5 of control, the second cylinder 12 and servo Motor 15 acts, and when three the first photosensitive sensors 18 are covered by plate object simultaneously, then PLC controller 20 receives signal, opens Begin to control servo motor 15 and the movement of the second cylinder 12, servo motor 15 rotates, and the pilot hole 14 and punching on guide plate 13 follow closely 9 It to just, then can control the movement of the second cylinder 12, the decline of lifting disk 8 made to carry out punch operation.
Further, the second photosensitive sensor 19 there are three setting on guide plate 13 described in Fig. 1, the lifting disk 8 are please referred to It is equipped with the RF transmitter equal with 19 quantity of the second photosensitive sensor, second can be made by the rotation of the guide plate 13 It is a pair of just with pilot hole 14 1 that photosensitive sensor 19 and one a pair of RF transmitter just and are simultaneously punching nail 9.Present embodiment It provides when the second photosensitive sensor 19 just and simultaneously punches nail 9 with one a pair of RF transmitter and pilot hole 14 1 is a pair of just When, the second photosensitive sensor 19 can send command signal to PLC controller 20, so that it is controlled the decline of the second cylinder 12, make to punch Nail 9 can smoothly pass through pilot hole 14, realize punch operation.
Further, please referring to punching nail 9 described in Fig. 2 is multiple circles that the radius being coaxially disposed from bottom to top becomes larger Cylinder is formed by fixedly connecting, and the cylindrical body of bottom end has pointed section, and the bottom of the upside cylindrical body in addition to the cylindrical body of bottom end is all provided with There is circular blade.
In present embodiment, the pore size of punching nail 9 is different, successively becomes larger from bottom to top, and it is straight to can choose dozen difference The hole of diameter.The ejection dynamics that the second cylinder 12 is controlled by PLC controller 20 carries out the dropping distance of control punching nail 9, realizes Beat the hole of different-diameter.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are the automatic punching operation that, the present apparatus realizes electrical control, by PLC control into The operation of row punching, and by photosensitive sensor output signal, is oriented to and is positioned by pilot hole, by set square into Row Level tune realizes precise positioning and automatic operation punching, substantially increases the efficiency of work, and by by difference The punching nail that the cylindrical body of diameter is formed by connecting, realizes the operation that can beat different holes, passes through PLC controller control second The ejection dynamics of cylinder carries out the dropping distance of control punching nail, realizes the hole for beating different-diameter.

Claims (9)

1. the perforating device of electric automatic control, it is characterised in that: including
Supporting mechanism, for horizontally-supported plate-shaped body to be punctured;
Perforating mechanism is located above supporting mechanism and follows closely with punching, punched by moving down;
Guiding mechanism, between supporting mechanism and perforating mechanism, for providing guiding to punching nail;
Electrical control mechanism participates in guiding for controlling perforating mechanism movement and guiding mechanism.
2. the perforating device of electric automatic control as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the supporting mechanism includes glove Plate, the water transfer flattening mechanism below parcel shelf, the water transfer flattening mechanism includes set square, and three end angles of the set square are logical It crosses screw rod and connects the swivel nut being placed on ground, the set square realizes Level tune, the parcel shelf by means of the rotation of swivel nut Set square is connected by the first cylinder, the parcel shelf and set square are arranged in parallel.
3. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: be equipped with circle among the parcel shelf Shape hole, the middle part of the round hole are equipped with the central plate connecting with the ejection end of the first cylinder, and the central plate is connected by connecting rod Connect parcel shelf.
4. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: the perforating mechanism includes lifting The column that disk, the punching set on lifting disk lower surface follow closely, pass through and be slidably connected with lifting disk from lifting disk center, the column It is rotatablely connected with connection frame, the connection frame and ground face contact, the lifting disk is by means of the second gas for being connected on connection frame Cylinder movement.
5. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the guiding mechanism is to be connected to The guide plate of column lower end, the guide plate are equipped with pilot hole, and the pilot hole is identical and mutually right as the quantity of punching nail It answers, punching nail carries out punch operation across pilot hole after aligning pilot hole and punching nail one by one by the rotation of column.
6. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: the column is by means of the company of being set to The servo motor rotation on frame is connect, the top of the column is additionally provided with indicator, and the connection frame is L shape frame and is two, institute Connection frame is stated by chassis and ground face contact, the chassis is equipped with universal wheel.
7. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the electrical control mechanism includes PLC Controller, first cylinder, the second cylinder and servo motor are controlled by PLC controller, and the electrical control mechanism further includes Three the first photosensitive sensors on parcel shelf, first photosensitive sensor along round hole the uniform cloth of circumferencial direction It sets, the signal input part of the signal output end connection PLC controller of first photosensitive sensor.
8. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: there are three being set on the guide plate Second photosensitive sensor, the lifting disk are equipped with the RF transmitter equal with the second photosensitive sensor quantity, pass through institute The rotation for stating guide plate can make the second photosensitive sensor and one a pair of RF transmitter just and simultaneously punch nail and pilot hole one A pair is just.
9. the perforating device of electric automatic control as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the punching nail is from bottom to top Multiple cylindrical bodies that the radius of coaxial arrangement becomes larger are formed by fixedly connecting, and the cylindrical body of bottom end has pointed section, remove bottom end The bottom of upside cylindrical body outside cylindrical body is equipped with circular blade.
CN201811591767.0A 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Electric automatic control punching device Active CN109732694B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811591767.0A CN109732694B (en) 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Electric automatic control punching device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811591767.0A CN109732694B (en) 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Electric automatic control punching device

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CN109732694A true CN109732694A (en) 2019-05-10
CN109732694B CN109732694B (en) 2021-03-09

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090165620A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2009-07-02 Pearl Technologies, Inc. Pivot Punch
CN102358503A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-02-22 无锡杰思物流设备有限公司 Adjustable support device for belt conveyor
CN204209754U (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-18 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of financial receipt perforating device
CN105729570A (en) * 2015-06-29 2016-07-06 崔子扬 Automatic punching machine with conveying mechanism
CN206215958U (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-06-06 浙江星欧电机科技有限公司 A kind of motor case efficient drilling machine
CN208246973U (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-12-18 安徽商贸职业技术学院 A kind of paper punch apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090165620A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2009-07-02 Pearl Technologies, Inc. Pivot Punch
CN102358503A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-02-22 无锡杰思物流设备有限公司 Adjustable support device for belt conveyor
CN204209754U (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-18 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of financial receipt perforating device
CN105729570A (en) * 2015-06-29 2016-07-06 崔子扬 Automatic punching machine with conveying mechanism
CN206215958U (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-06-06 浙江星欧电机科技有限公司 A kind of motor case efficient drilling machine
CN208246973U (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-12-18 安徽商贸职业技术学院 A kind of paper punch apparatus

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