CN109729915A - A kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods - Google Patents

A kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods Download PDF

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CN109729915A
CN109729915A CN201910201204.4A CN201910201204A CN109729915A CN 109729915 A CN109729915 A CN 109729915A CN 201910201204 A CN201910201204 A CN 201910201204A CN 109729915 A CN109729915 A CN 109729915A
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bacterium
powder
linden
centimetres
days
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高秀虎
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Jingyu Wangnongyuan Ganoderma Lucidum Development Co Ltd
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Jingyu Wangnongyuan Ganoderma Lucidum Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to Chinese medicine plantation, i.e., a kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods.Its step are as follows: (1) select precocity, cold-resistant, moral character it is excellent, produce conidia powder more than lucidum variety.(2) selection and processing of compost.(3) bacterium germination method.(4) go out the selection of sesame plot and date.(5) segmented mode is arranged.(6) go out sesame daily management.It makes full use of, reduces costs with raw material, early sesame out, in advance the characteristics of receipts powder.

Description

A kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine plantation, i.e., a kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods.
Background technique
In the prior art, Chinese medicine ganoderma lucidum is the fructification of On Polyporaceae ganoderma lucidum, and the size and form of ganoderma lucidum become Change is very big, and the cap of Large scale individual is 20 × 10 centimetres, about 2 centimetres thick, and general individual is 4 × 3 centimetres, 0.5~1 centimetre thick, There are numerous small holes below, nozzle is white or filbert, there are 4~5 in every millimeter, nozzle is round, and inner wall is hymenium, spore Result from load top.
For previous ganoderma lucidum based on the cultivation of short linden clinker, the short linden of 30 centimeter lengths, inoculation time should be typically scheduled at 12 Late January in the beginning of the month to next year.Mycelia growth is suitable for 25-30 DEG C, and fruit body primordium is formed and the optimal temperature of growth and development is 25-28 degree.Requiring the water content in culture medium in vegetative stage is 65%, and relative air humidity is in 65%-70%, sub real Body growth and development stage, relative air humidity should be controlled in 85%-95%, and pack, sterilizing, inoculation, bacterium germination, scaffolding is undergone to bury stick, Sesame manages out, harvesting etc..
Growth period of hypha, it is desirable that moisture content in medium is 55%~60%, and relative air humidity is 70%~80%.Fructification hair It educates the phase, relative air humidity is required 90%~95%.Row's segmented mode in ganoderma lucidum implantation methods was one bacterium of a bacterium linden in the past The row of linden, distance is 5 centimeters between linden and linden, is the long ganoderma lucidum of bacterium linden, but in this way if any the bacterium linden for not going out ganoderma lucidum, Current year just wastes.Because it is 90% that Ganoderma Lucidum linden, which is most higher by sesame rate, if bacterium hair it is bad, out sesame rate 90% with Under, so all cause unnecessary waste every year, along with annual raw material jump up, labour cost expense it is upper Rise, of the same trade increases, and bad sesame agriculture harmful competition brings very big influence to the sesame people really.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is provide a kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods in view of the above deficiencies.Solves original The problem of material makes full use of.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows: a kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods, it is characterised in that step is such as Under:
(1) select precocity, cold-resistant, moral character it is excellent, produce conidia powder more than lucidum variety.
(2) compost select and processing: select the upper logging residue of high-quality silkworm as Main Cultivation material (such bacterium Material nutrient is sufficient), slightly section is at 2 centimetres or more, and root section is at 15 centimetres or less;It is cut into the juggle of 12-15 centimeter length.
(3) bacterium germination method: juggle is bundled into 12-20 centimetres of juggle first, bacterium bag is put on and tightens mouth, be put into autoclave Interior steaming;When temperature rises to 100 DEG C, is kept for temperature 12-16 hours, then taken the dish out of the pot;When inoculation room temperature is down to 20-30 DEG C, It is put into connect bacterium case or connect inoculation, bacterium germination in time, room temperature in bacterium account and control between 24-28 DEG C, air humidity is controlled 70% Hereinafter, 10-15 days bacterium germination stage turned over a secondary segment, 25-30 days mycelia walk purseful, and all over the world, the mycelia of fermentation is strong by after-ripening 15-20, Conducive to sesame out.
(4) go out the selection of sesame plot and date:
A, there are some gradients in selection plot, and the fertile blackland of soil property or sandy soil are preferred.
B, lower ground date Changbaishan area is annual 25-May 25 April, and temperature and ground temperature at this moment is conducive to ganoderma lucidum growth.
(5) segmented mode is arranged
A, vinyl house design standard is 25 meters long, 7.5 meters wide, makees bed, and centre stays 0.5 meter of work road, 3.5 meters of both sides bedside, It is 25 meters long.
B, ganoderma lucidum bed is pushed aside long 3.5 meters, wide 0.6 meter of slot.
E, bacterium linden is put next to one for one, occupy 3.5 meters long, wide 0.5 meter of entirety big bacterium disk.Due to bacterium disk There are many gaps to be unfavorable for the combination between bacterium linden and bacterium linden during putting, at this moment the bacterium linden of opening film will be opened and be tied Fritter is broken into, gap is filled up, so that them is closely linked in this way, is conducive to the fast quick-recovery of mycelia, is melted as one big bacterium disk, this The bacterium disk nutrient of sample is sufficient, and ganoderma lucidum is unearthed early, fast.
D, the thickness of earthing is at 1.5-2 centimetres.It is unearthed conducive to ganoderma lucidum, the thick ground temperature of earthing is low, and ganoderma lucidum grows small and weak, earthing Shallow moisturizing is bad, is unfavorable for ganoderma lucidum growth.
F, next bacterium disk is away from upper 25 centimetres of a bacterium disk.And so on, a bed surface is successively occupied, this bed distance 50 centimetres of next bed, implantation methods are identical, until being booked entire canopy.
G, after disk expires entire canopy, it is uniformly covered with one layer of black volcanic sand, with a thickness of 1.5-2 centimetres.Because volcanic sand is without dirt Dye, the weeding from now on that is grown to for reducing weeds reduce labour, multiple element containing plant growth, good permeability, go back extinction increasing It is warm obvious, it is a kind of good raw material of green planting.
H, pour one time it is permeable, button canopy heat, day temperature is at 25 DEG C -30 DEG C, and air humidity is in 50%-70%.For it is early go out sesame, Sesame is strengthened out to lay foundation
(6) go out sesame daily management:
30-40 days ganoderma lucidums start to be unearthed after button canopy, and the net shading of sunshade 70% is at this moment buckled on greenhouse, and watering 3-4 times daily is reinforced Ventilation, temperature daytime control the humidity 70%-90% between 24-32.
(7) collecting time and method of lucidum spore powder:
A, the acquisition time of lucidum spore powder is in annual 1-July of July 15.
B, when the greenhouses ganoderma lucidum growth such as is soon mature, has Red-brown powder and be scattered, weeds should be removed again in time, pacify It fills blower and receives flour bag cylinder, booting harvesting conidia powder adopts that powder time is each primary, and the lucidum spore powder adopted back will be placed on daily The good Indoor Natural of aeration-drying dries.
C, when adopting powder, daytime will also be reinforced divulging information, and remove sunshade net, cover straw screen or mat shading 70%, play cooling on daytime, night In insulation effect, launch conidia powder conducive to ganoderma lucidum more.Day temperature control at 24-30 DEG C, daytime humidity 50%-70%.It is early daily Morning has adopted conidia powder and has poured a water moisturizing.
D, after ganoderma lucidum is received powder 30 days, a water moisturizing is poured within every 2-3 days, increases straw screen or mat, sunshade degree is increased again, plays white Its cooling night heat insulation effect, reinforces ventilation.
Etc. e, ganoderma lucidums cover two tunics after receiving powder 45 days, and temperature raising and maintaining pours once, 20 DEG C -30 of day temperature for every 3-5 days DEG C, 40 DEG C of-60 DEG C of reinforcements ventilations of humidity, conidia powder harvested until annual 1-October 10 October.
The invention has the advantages that 1, improve the yield of ganoderma lucidum and conidia powder, maximally utilize production material, save at This, creates bigger profit.2, the bacterium section for going out sesame is more, recycles to the bacterium section for not going out sesame, has saved cost, increased bacterium in canopy Section puts number, and bacterium section is integrated, and nutrient is sufficient, and sesame explosive force is strong out, the big thickness of cap, and fruiting body yield is high, plays powder amount It is big to concentrate, powder rate just height is received, the big selling price of ganoderma lucidum fruitbody is high, management saving labour cost.3, due to arranging Duan Jizhong, greenhouse is reduced A number reduce costs, sesame was earlier than old-fashioned plantation 5-7 days out, this is because bacterium disk is big, nutrition is abundant, in addition the volcano of black Sand plays the role of extinction and heats, so sesame is early out.Due to the big thickness of cap, it is just more to produce powder amount, and receives powder 7 days or so in advance.4, originally Application plantation is 50 kilograms of canopy fecund powder more every than tradition plantation, substantially increases the economic benefit of ganoderma lucidum, for Changbaishan area from now on Ganoderma lucidum and lucidum spore powder, which increase income, has walked out shortcut, has laid well to produce ganoderma lucidum and the lucidum spore powder of green non-pollution Basis.
Embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
Specific embodiment
A kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods
One, first have to select precocity, cold-resistant, moral character are excellent, produce conidia powder more than kind (Beijing 1 derives from Beijing medicinal plant Research institute).
Two, method is as follows:
1, compost selects: selecting the upper logging residue of high-quality silkworm as Main Cultivation material, slightly saves at 2 centimetres or more, root Section is at 15 centimetres or less.
2, the processing of compost: being sawed into the juggle of 12-15 centimeter length with disk, and not handy chain saw is cut, because of chain saw chain There is Industrial Oil that can pollute to bacterium material on son, inhibits mycelia growth.
3, bacterium germination method: juggle is bundled into 12-20 centimetres of juggle first, bacterium bag is put on and tightens mouth, be put into autoclave Interior steaming.When temperature rises to 100 DEG C, is kept for temperature 12 hours to 16 hours, then taken the dish out of the pot.Steamed bacterium section is transported to inoculation Room when temperature is down to 20-30 DEG C, is put into connect bacterium case or connect in bacterium account and is inoculated in time, and bacterium section is put into baterial cultivation chamber after being inoculated with and is sent out Bacterium, room temperature control between 24-28 DEG C, air humidity be strict controlled in 70% hereinafter, issue in this way bacterium section it is sturdy, be Subsequent ganoderma lucidum growth is laid a good foundation, and 10-15 days bacterium germination stage turned over a secondary segment, is adjusted weak or infection miscellaneous bacteria bacterium section is grown Again disinfection inoculation out, mycelia walks purseful within about 25-30 days.After-ripening 15-20 is all over the world.
Three, go out the selection of sesame plot and date:
1, selection plot answers that convenient for management, water power is complete, there is some gradients, is conducive to flood control, antitheft, well-ventilated, and soil property is fertile Blackland or sandy soil be preferred.
2, lower ground date Changbaishan area is annual 25-May 25 April.
Four, linden mode is arranged
1, greenhouse design standard is 25 meters long, and 7.5 meters wide, such canopy size is suitable, and pollination rate is high.
2, sesame bed is pushed aside first, long 3.5 meters, wide 0.6 meter of slot.
3, the outer membrane of bacterium linden is taken off by special messenger, is packed into fruit plastic box, such good luck is defeated.
4, it is transported in ganoderma lucidum bed by special messenger, in face of the row of putting linden personnel.
5, bacterium linden is put by special messenger, one is located next to one, long 3.5 meters, wide 0.5 meter of bacterium disk is occupied, since bacterium disk exists There are many gaps to be unfavorable for the combination between bacterium linden and bacterium linden during putting, at this moment the bacterium linden of opening film will be opened bundle and broken At fritter, gap is filled up, so that them is closely linked in this way, be conducive to the fast quick-recovery of mycelia, melted as one big bacterium disk, in this way Bacterium disk nutrient it is sufficient, ganoderma lucidum is unearthed early, fast.
6, by special messenger's earthing, the thickness of earthing answers thin and thick uniform, at 1.5-2 centimetres.
7, next bacterium disk is away from upper 25 centimetres of a bacterium disk.And so on, a bed surface is successively occupied, this bed distance 50 centimetres of next bed, implantation methods are identical, until being booked entire canopy.
8, after disk expires entire canopy, it is uniformly covered with one layer of black volcanic sand, with a thickness of 1.5 centimetres -2 centimetres, because of volcanic sand Pollution-free, the weeding from now on that is grown to for reducing weeds reduces labour, and multiple element containing plant growth, good permeability is also inhaled Light heats obviously, is a kind of good raw material of green planting.
9, in time installation pour drainage facility, pour one time it is permeable, flood button canopy heats, detain canopy after pay attention to ventilation, watering, control temperature Degree, day temperature should be at 25 DEG C -30 DEG C, and air humidity daytime should be in 50%-70%.For early sesame out, goes out to strengthen sesame and lay foundation.
Five, go out sesame daily management:
1, about 30-40 days ganoderma lucidums start to be unearthed after detaining canopy, at this moment greenhouse should be buckled the net shading of sunshade 70%, daily in line with few Watering, the principle frequently watered pour 3-4 water daily, reinforce ventilation, control the humidity 70%-90% between 24-32 temperature daytime.
2, pick extra small and weak sesame bud in time, repair sesame, shaping, weed out the rank grass, for early parachute-opening, open strong umbrella, early powder of receiving is beaten Basis.
Six, the collecting time and method of lucidum spore powder:
1, the acquisition time of lucidum spore powder is about in annual 1-July of July 15.
2, ganoderma lucidum is strengthened management ventilation in the parachute-opening phase, prevents the appearance of lopsided sesame, steps an important step to adopt powder more.
Etc. 3, greenhouses ganoderma lucidum growth (after 60 days) is soon mature, has Red-brown powder and is scattered, should remove one again in time Lower weeds, installation blower and receive flour bag cylinder, booting harvesting conidia powder, and it is each primary to adopt powder time daily, the ganoderma lucidum spore adopted back Sub- powder will be placed on the good Indoor Natural of aeration-drying and dry, and prevent from going mouldy, influence quality.Such conidia powder activity is good, product Matter is high.
4, when adopting powder, daytime will also be reinforced divulging information, and remove sunshade net, cover straw screen or mat shading 70%, play cooling on daytime, night In insulation effect, launch conidia powder conducive to ganoderma lucidum more.Day temperature control at 24 DEG C -30 DEG C, daytime humidity 50%-70%.Daily Adopted conidia powder and poured a water moisturizing in the morning.
5, after ganoderma lucidum is received powder 30 days, a water moisturizing is poured within every 2-3 days, increases straw screen or mat, sunshade degree is increased again, plays white Its cooling night heat insulation effect, reinforces ventilation.
Etc. 6, ganoderma lucidums cover two tunics after receiving powder about 45 days, and temperature raising and maintaining pours once, 20 DEG C of day temperature-for every 3-5 days 30 DEG C, 40 DEG C of -60 DEG C of reinforcements ventilations of humidity step last final step to increase income again, conidia powder harvesting to annual October 1 Until day-October 10.
Seven, performance analysis: (each canopy is calculated by 25 meters long, wide 7.5 meters of standard canopy)
1, old mode is planted: 10 tons of bacterium materials of bacterium linden under every canopy, is produced 220 kilograms of dry product ganoderma lucidum (40 yuan of per kilogram) and is produced 75 public affairs of conidia powder Jin (480 yuan of per kilogram).
Dry product ganoderma lucidum: 220 kilograms of member=8800 yuan x40.
Dry product conidia powder: 75 kilograms of member=36000 yuan x480.
Every canopy gross profit: 8800 yuan+36000 yuan=44800 yuan.
44800 yuan of gross profit, 10 tons of ÷ per ton=4480 yuan.
2, new paragon is planted: 13 tons of bacterium materials of bacterium linden under every canopy produce 400 kilograms of dry product ganoderma lucidum (40 yuan of per kilogram)
It produces 135 kilograms of conidia powder (480 yuan of per kilogram).
Dry product ganoderma lucidum: 400 kilograms of member=16000 yuan x40.
Dry product conidia powder: 135 kilograms of member=64800 yuan x480.
Every canopy gross profit: 64800 yuan+16000 yuan=80800 yuan.
Gross profit per ton: 80800 yuan 13 tons=6215 yuan of ÷.
More incomes per ton: 6125 yuan -4480 yuan=1735 yuan.
Each household sesame family management at least 50 tons of bacterium materials calculate, each household 86750 yuan of more incomes every year.
From data, the advantage that can not be that of avoiding sesame bacterium linden recycle, saved cost, increased canopy Interior bacterium linden puts number, and bacterium linden is integrated, and nutrient is sufficient, and sesame explosive force is strong out, the big thickness of cap, and fruiting body yield is high, bullet The big concentration of powder amount receives powder rate just height, and the big selling price of ganoderma lucidum fruitbody is high, and management saving labour cost is reduced big since row linden is concentrated A number for canopy reduces costs, and it is just more to produce powder amount due to the big thickness of cap earlier than old-fashioned plantation 5-7 days for sesame out, and receives powder 7 in advance It or so, 50 kilograms of powder of canopy fecund more every than old-fashioned plantation of new-type plantation, substantially increases the economic benefit of ganoderma lucidum, white to grow from now on Mountain area high yield and high quality ganoderma lucidum and lucidum spore powder high yield have walked out shortcut.For ganoderma lucidum and the Reishi sporule for producing green non-pollution Powder is laid a good foundation.
It is described above, only a specific embodiment of the invention, it is various to illustrate not content structure for the essence of the present invention At limitation.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods, it is characterised in that steps are as follows:
(1) select precocity, cold-resistant, moral character it is excellent, produce conidia powder more than lucidum variety;
(2) compost select and processing: select the upper logging residue of high-quality silkworm as Main Cultivation material, slightly save at 2 centimetres More than, root section is at 15 centimetres or less;It is cut into the wooden linden of 12-15 centimeter length;
(3) bacterium germination method: the wooden linden is bundled into 12-20 centimetres of the wooden linden first, bacterium bag is put on and tightens mouth, be put into autoclave It steams;When temperature rises to 100 DEG C, is kept for temperature 12-16 hours, then taken the dish out of the pot;When inoculation room temperature is down to 20-30 DEG C, put Enter to connect bacterium case or connect in bacterium account inoculation, bacterium germination in time, room temperature controls between 24-28 DEG C, air humidity control 70% with Under, 10-15 days bacterium germination stage turned over a linden, and 25-30 days mycelia walk purseful, and after-ripening 15-20 is all over the world;
(4) go out the selection of sesame plot and date:
A, there are some gradients in selection plot, and the fertile blackland of soil property or sandy soil are preferred;
B, lower ground date Changbaishan area is annual 25-May 25 April;
(5) linden mode is arranged
A, vinyl house design standard is 25 meters long, 7.5 meters wide;
B, ganoderma lucidum bed is pushed aside long 3.5 meters, wide 0.6 meter of slot;
C, bacterium linden being put next to one for one, occupying long 3.5 meters, wide 0.5 meter of bacterium disk, the bacterium linden of opening film is opened bundle and is broken At fritter, bacterium disk gap is filled up;
D, the thickness of earthing is at 1.5-2 centimetres;
E, next bacterium disk is away from upper 25 centimetres of a bacterium disk;And so on, a bed surface is successively occupied, this bed is apart from next 50 centimetres of a bed, implantation methods are identical, until being booked entire canopy;
F, after disk expires entire canopy, it is uniformly covered with one layer of black volcanic sand, with a thickness of 1.5-2 centimetres;
G, pour one time it is permeable, button canopy heat, day temperature is at 25 DEG C -30 DEG C, and air humidity is in 50%-70%;
(6) go out sesame daily management:
30-40 days ganoderma lucidums start to be unearthed after button canopy, and the net shading of sunshade 70% is at this moment buckled on greenhouse, and watering 3-4 times daily is reinforced Ventilation, temperature daytime control the humidity 70%-90% between 24-32;
(7) collecting time and method of lucidum spore powder:
A, the acquisition time of lucidum spore powder is in annual 1-July of July 15;
B, when the greenhouses ganoderma lucidum growth such as is soon mature, has Red-brown powder and be scattered, weeds should be removed again in time, wind is installed Machine and flour bag cylinder is received, booting harvesting conidia powder adopts that powder time is each primary, and the lucidum spore powder adopted back will be placed on ventilation daily Dry good Indoor Natural dries;
C, when adopting powder, daytime will also be reinforced divulging information, and remove sunshade net, cover straw screen or mat shading 70%, play cooling on daytime, protect at night Temperature effect launches conidia powder conducive to ganoderma lucidum more;Day temperature control at 24-30 DEG C, daytime humidity 50%-70%;Every morning adopts Complete conidia powder pours a water moisturizing;
D, after ganoderma lucidum is received powder 30 days, a water moisturizing is poured within every 2-3 days, increases straw screen or mat, increases sunshade degree again, plays drop on daytime Warm night heat insulation effect reinforces ventilation;
Etc. e, ganoderma lucidums cover two tunics after receiving powder 45 days, and temperature raising and maintaining pours once for every 3-5 days, 20 DEG C -30 DEG C of day temperature, wet 40 DEG C of-60 DEG C of reinforcements ventilations of degree, conidia powder harvested until annual 1-October 10 October.
CN201910201204.4A 2018-12-12 2019-03-18 A kind of multi-spore lingzhi mushroom high yield synergy implantation methods Pending CN109729915A (en)

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