CN109717013A - A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales - Google Patents

A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109717013A
CN109717013A CN201910146904.8A CN201910146904A CN109717013A CN 109717013 A CN109717013 A CN 109717013A CN 201910146904 A CN201910146904 A CN 201910146904A CN 109717013 A CN109717013 A CN 109717013A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
angustifolia
sociales
rhizome
divide
deyeuxia
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910146904.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王继丰
刘赢男
邢军会
韩大勇
付晓玲
付晓宇
曹洪杰
谢立红
黄庆阳
倪红伟
杨立宾
张荣涛
曾昭文
张玉
王丽媛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute Of Nature And Ecology Heilongjiang Academy Of Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute Of Nature And Ecology Heilongjiang Academy Of Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute Of Nature And Ecology Heilongjiang Academy Of Sciences filed Critical Institute Of Nature And Ecology Heilongjiang Academy Of Sciences
Priority to CN201910146904.8A priority Critical patent/CN109717013A/en
Publication of CN109717013A publication Critical patent/CN109717013A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of methods of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales.Calamagrostis angustifolia degree of degeneration is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 30%~50%, and heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%;Rhizome point increases, i.e., by machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, breaks the suspend mode of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, promotes the sprouting of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, forms new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant;Divide increasing mode, carries out rhizome point using cutting mechanics and increase;Divide and increase depth, i.e., depth of cut is 15~20cm;Away from being 20~50cm, spacing is 20~50cm for point line increment;Divide and increases the time: late April or the first tenday period of a month in May;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time;Later maintenance management needs artificial recharge when the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, to guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.

Description

A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sides of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales increased based on rhizome point Method belongs to degraded wetland restoration methods technical field.
Background technique
Wetland is the unique ecological system that reciprocity between lake and land is formed on the earth, is the life of the most rich bio-diversity of nature One of state landscape and the most important living environment of the mankind in store flood-water for use in a drought, regulate the climate, control the soil erosion, created land with silt, drop Solution environmental pollution etc. plays an important role.The Northeast is as Wetlands Study Progress In China area the most abundant One, have the characteristics that area is big, type is more, position is important, rich biodiversity, is that the important world of Northeast Asia migratory bird is migrated The breeding spot and.But Wetlands In Northeast China large area is caused to lose and degenerate with mankind's activities such as ejectment water due to opening up wasteland.According to investigations, Nearly 25 years, wetland, Sanjiang Plain lost 71%, and song-Nen plain loses 23%.Existing wetland nearly 72% is threatened by the different factors, Ecological functions decline.
Wetland recovery mode includes spontaneous recovery and two class of artificial restoration.The wetland recovery engineering that China carries out at present Substantially it is emphasised that spontaneous recovery under the conditions of human intervention.Restoration methods can be divided into Wetland Substrate restore, hydrologic process it is extensive Multiple, water environmental management, wetland ecotourism and Habitat pattern etc..But according to Wetland Type, recovery target and degree of degeneration Difference, wetland recovery measure are also different.Currently, Wetlands In Northeast China restores mostly based on moisturizing, technological means is single extensive, needle Poor to property, recovery effects are not good enough.Lack for different Different Types of Wetland Vegetations features, in conjunction with degraded wetland recovery key factor Specific aim muskeg restoration methods.Especially Calamagrostis angustifolia, as one of most representative Wetland Type in the Northeast, Still shortcoming mature applicable technology for recovering vegetation and method.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, and then provide a kind of fast quick-recovery severe The method of degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales.
The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales, steps are as follows:
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.Calamagrostis angustifolia is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba Degree of degeneration, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, and gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is excellent For the cover degree of gesture kind 30%~50%, heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%;
Step 2: 1, rhizome point increases, i.e., by machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud is broken Suspend mode, promote Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud sprouting, form new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant;2, divide increasing mode, carried out using cutting mechanics Rhizome point increases;3, divide and increase depth, i.e., depth of cut is 15~20cm;4, divide line increment spacing, line-spacing is 20~50cm, spacing 20 ~50cm;Divide and increases the time: late April or the first tenday period of a month in May;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time;
Step 3: later maintenance management needs artificial recharge when the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, To guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.
Outstanding feature of the invention is small by rhizome point enhancement row vegetation sociales for heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia The fast quick-recovery of Ye Zhang, significantly increases the density of Deyeuxia Angustifolia Population, improves the cover degree of Deyeuxia Angustifolia Population, hence it is evident that improves plant The structure and composition of quilt, ecosystem function are obviously improved.2016, carry out in the Honghe Natural Reserve of Heilungkiang Experiment tests 1 hectare of area, and continuous monitoring result shows compared with degraded wetland (control) vegetation sociales within 2017 and 2018 Coverage rate improves 20%~30%, and vegetation productivity improves 20% or more, annual plant quantity in vegetation and plant species composition It significantly reduces, and operation of the present invention is simple, applicability is wide, government, enterprises and institutions can bear, and it is raw to can obviously improve region State environment is of great significance to maintenance area ecological safety, swamp protection species diversity etc., at the same can for regional economy and Social development provides solid Guarantee Of Environment.The present invention can be used for the revegetation of the Northeast's degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below: the present embodiment under the premise of the technical scheme of the present invention into Row is implemented, and gives detailed embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A method of based on the fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales that rhizome point increases, step is such as Under:
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.It is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba (Deyeuxia angustifolia) small Leaf chapter wetlands degradation degree, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, gently degraded Deyeuxia angustifolia Wetland is the cover degree of sociales 30%~50%, and heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%.
Step 2: being based on step 1, the present embodiment is suitable for the recovery of heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia.Rhizome point increases, i.e., By machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, breaks the suspend mode of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, promotes sprouting for Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud Hair, forms new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant.Divide increasing mode, carries out rhizome point using cutting mechanics and increase;Divide and increase depth, is i.e. depth of cut is 15~20cm;Divide line increment spacing, line-spacing is 20~50cm, and spacing is 20~50cm;Divide and increases the time: late April or the first tenday period of a month in May; Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time.
Step 3: later maintenance management.When the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, artificial recharge is needed, To guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.
Embodiment 2
A method of based on the fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales that rhizome point increases, step is such as Under:
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.It is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba (Deyeuxia angustifolia) small Leaf chapter wetlands degradation degree, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, gently degraded Deyeuxia angustifolia Wetland is the cover degree of sociales 30%~50%, and heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%.
Step 2: being based on step 1, the present embodiment is suitable for the recovery of heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia.Rhizome point increases, i.e., By machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, breaks the suspend mode of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, promotes sprouting for Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud Hair, forms new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant.Divide increasing mode, carries out rhizome point using cutting mechanics and increase;Divide and increase depth, is i.e. depth of cut is 15cm;Divide line increment spacing, line-spacing is 30~40cm, and spacing is 30~40cm;Divide and increases the time: late April;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time.
Step 3: later maintenance management.When the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, artificial recharge is needed, To guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.
Embodiment 3
A method of based on the fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales that rhizome point increases, step is such as Under:
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.It is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba (Deyeuxia angustifolia) small Leaf chapter wetlands degradation degree, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, gently degraded Deyeuxia angustifolia Wetland is the cover degree of sociales 30%~50%, and heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%.
Step 2: being based on step 1, the present embodiment is suitable for the recovery of heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia.Rhizome point increases, i.e., By machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, breaks the suspend mode of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, promotes sprouting for Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud Hair, forms new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant.Divide increasing mode, carries out rhizome point using cutting mechanics and increase;Divide and increase depth, is i.e. depth of cut is 20cm;Divide line increment spacing, line-spacing 50cm, spacing 50cm;Divide and increases the first tenday period of a month May time;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time.
Step 3: later maintenance management.When the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, artificial recharge is needed, To guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.
Embodiment 4
A method of based on the fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales that rhizome point increases, step is such as Under:
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.It is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba (Deyeuxia angustifolia) small Leaf chapter wetlands degradation degree, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, gently degraded Deyeuxia angustifolia Wetland is the cover degree of sociales 30%~50%, and heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%.
Step 2: being based on step 1, the present embodiment is suitable for the recovery of heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia.Rhizome point increases, i.e., By machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, breaks the suspend mode of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, promotes sprouting for Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud Hair, forms new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant.Divide increasing mode, carries out rhizome point using cutting mechanics and increase;Divide and increase depth, is i.e. depth of cut is 16~18cm;Divide line increment spacing, line-spacing 30cm, spacing 40cm;Divide and increases the time: late April;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time.
Step 3: later maintenance management.When the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, artificial recharge is needed, To guarantee that the Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after point increasing is sprouted.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, these specific embodiments are all based on the present invention Different implementations under general idea, and scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, it is any to be familiar with the art Technical staff in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of, should all cover of the invention Within protection scope.Therefore, the scope of protection of the invention shall be subject to the scope of protection specified in the patent claim.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales, which is characterized in that
Step 1: Calamagrostis angustifolia Diagnosis of degradation degree.Calamagrostis angustifolia is measured using the cover degree index of dominant species in Schima superba to degenerate Degree, slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia are the cover degree of sociales 50%~70%, and gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is sociales Cover degree 30%~50%, heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia is the cover degree of sociales 10%~30%;
Step 2: 1, rhizome point increases, i.e., by machine cuts, the rhizome of Deyeuxia angustifolia is cut off, and breaks stopping for Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud It sleeps, promotes the sprouting of Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud, form new Deyeuxia angustifolia plant;2, divide increasing mode, carry out rhizome using cutting mechanics Divide and increases;3, divide and increase depth, i.e., depth of cut is 15~20cm;4, dividing line increment spacing, line-spacing is 20~50cm, spacing is 20~ 50cm;Divide and increases the time: late April or the first tenday period of a month in May;Divide and increases the frequency, 1 time;
Step 3: later maintenance management needs artificial recharge when the wetland soil water content of recovery is lower than 30% or less, to protect Deyeuxia angustifolia rhizome bud after card point increases is sprouted.
2. the method for fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales according to claim 1, feature exist In, in step 2, depth of cut 20cm;Line-spacing is 50cm, spacing 50cm.
3. the method for fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales according to claim 1, feature exist In, in step 2, depth of cut 15cm;Line-spacing is 30~40cm, and spacing is 30~40cm.
4. the method for fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales according to claim 1, feature exist In in step 2, depth of cut is 16~18cm;Line-spacing is 30cm, spacing 40cm.
CN201910146904.8A 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales Pending CN109717013A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910146904.8A CN109717013A (en) 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910146904.8A CN109717013A (en) 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109717013A true CN109717013A (en) 2019-05-07

Family

ID=66301864

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910146904.8A Pending CN109717013A (en) 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109717013A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102017856A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-20 东北师范大学 Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN102763549A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-11-07 北京碧水天成湿地生态环保科技有限公司 Degraded wetland vegetation in-situ recovery method
CN103314763A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-09-25 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Micro-reformation and vegetation restoration method for degraded plateau and lake wetlands
CN104604475A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-13 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Method for promoting recovery of marsh plants in wetland field blocks reverted from cultivated land in plain area
CN107046843A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-18 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of utilization Reed rhizome transplants the method rebuild and recover degraded wetland reed vegetation
CN108112425A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-06-05 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 It is a kind of large area concede the land go back wetland Marsh Wetland revegetation in select the determination method of clear-cutting forestland or manual reversion

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102017856A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-20 东北师范大学 Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN102763549A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-11-07 北京碧水天成湿地生态环保科技有限公司 Degraded wetland vegetation in-situ recovery method
CN103314763A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-09-25 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Micro-reformation and vegetation restoration method for degraded plateau and lake wetlands
CN104604475A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-13 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Method for promoting recovery of marsh plants in wetland field blocks reverted from cultivated land in plain area
CN107046843A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-18 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of utilization Reed rhizome transplants the method rebuild and recover degraded wetland reed vegetation
CN108112425A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-06-05 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 It is a kind of large area concede the land go back wetland Marsh Wetland revegetation in select the determination method of clear-cutting forestland or manual reversion

Non-Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
孙志高等: "三江平原小叶章湿地种群生物量结构动态与生长速率分析 ", 《草业学报》 *
彭益书等: "草海湿地生态系统健康评价 ", 《地球与环境》 *
李有志等: "光照和温度对小叶章种子萌发及其幼苗生长的影响 ", 《湖南农业大学学报(自然科学版)》 *
王国栋等: "农田开垦对三江平原湿地土壤种子库影响及湿地恢复潜力 ", 《生态学报》 *
王雪宏等: "开垦小叶章湿地植物物种多样性的自然恢复 ", 《生态学杂志》 *
袁琳等: "《上海湿地植物》", 31 July 2017, 上海科学技术出版社 *
赵新全等: "三江源区草地生态恢复及可持续管理技术创新和应用", 《青海科技》 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104604475B (en) A kind of promotion region of no relief is conceded the land the method that limnocryptophyte recovers in also wet field ground
Viles et al. Biogeomorphological disturbance regimes: progress in linking ecological and geomorphological systems
Bertness et al. Latitudinal and climate-driven variation in the strength and nature of biological interactions in New England salt marshes
New et al. Impacts of large dams on riparian vegetation: applying global experience to the case of China’s Three Gorges Dam
Zhang et al. Recent changes of water discharge and sediment load in the Zhujiang (Pearl River) Basin, China
Margolis et al. Fire history and fire–climate relationships along a fire regime gradient in the Santa Fe Municipal Watershed, NM, USA
Reise et al. Seagrass recovery in the northern Wadden Sea?
Lin et al. Predicting parameters of degradation succession processes of Tibetan Kobresia grasslands
Krumhansl et al. Spatial and temporal variation in grazing damage by the gastropod Lacuna vincta in Nova Scotian kelp beds
Moore et al. Proposed principles governing how vegetation changes affect transpiration
CN109247199A (en) A method of it concedes the land and rebuilds Calamagrostis angustifolia
Shi et al. The effects of pipeline construction disturbance on soil properties and restoration cycle
Pal et al. Impact of climate change in soils of semi-arid tropics (SAT)
Tang et al. Diversity, composition and physical structure of tropical forest over limestone in Xishuangbanna, south-west China
CN109717009A (en) A method of restoring slight degeneration Calamagrostis angustifolia using farmland water-break
CN109717013A (en) A kind of method of fast quick-recovery heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia vegetation sociales
Burden et al. Impacts of climate change on coastal habitats, relevant to the coastal and marine environment around the UK
Lawal et al. A silvicultural approach to volume yield, biodiversity and soil fertility restoration of degraded natural forest in South-West Nigeria
Zhang Soil environmental deterioration and ecological rehabilitation
HUANG et al. Remote sensing analysis of range expansion of Spartina alterniflora at Jiuduansha Shoals in Shanghai, China
CN109717012A (en) A kind of gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia method for recovering vegetation based on ammonium nitrate
CN109618823B (en) Ecological restoration method for degraded grey-vein sedge wetland
CN109717011A (en) A kind of gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia method for recovering vegetation based on ammonium hydrogen carbonate
CN109717010A (en) A kind of gently degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia method for recovering vegetation based on urea
CN109717014A (en) A kind of heavy-degraded Calamagrostis angustifolia method for recovering vegetation based on fertilizer compounding

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination