CN109703766A - A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane - Google Patents

A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109703766A
CN109703766A CN201811538810.7A CN201811538810A CN109703766A CN 109703766 A CN109703766 A CN 109703766A CN 201811538810 A CN201811538810 A CN 201811538810A CN 109703766 A CN109703766 A CN 109703766A
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China
Prior art keywords
unmanned plane
engine
control
carrier aircraft
time
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Pending
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CN201811538810.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邰忠天
李博
雷晓辉
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Xian Aircraft Design and Research Institute of AVIC
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Xian Aircraft Design and Research Institute of AVIC
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Priority to CN201811538810.7A priority Critical patent/CN109703766A/en
Publication of CN109703766A publication Critical patent/CN109703766A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to aviation UAV fields, are related to a kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane;It is made of carrier aircraft system and ground control's control system;Carrier aircraft system executes aircraft engine and starts to work and system status parameters acquisition, data transmit-receive and control in flight course;The instruction that unmanned plane manipulator inputs is sent to carrier aircraft system to unmanned plane manipulator's real-time display unmanned plane working condition by ground control's control system, is remotely controlled to unmanned plane;The two is emitted by on-board data/receive terminal and ground data emits/receives terminal progress data interaction.System of the invention is in the case where ship battery electricity is sufficient, it can guarantee when compared with multi-state, without repeatedly round-trip maintenance, to solve to need support personnel repeatedly gradually to safeguard back and forth under present condition, the technical issues of time and effort consuming, shorten aircraft time, is particularly suitable for the workplace of not accessible unmanned plane.

Description

A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane
Technical field
The invention belongs to aviation UAV fields, are related to a kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane.
Background technique
Unmanned plane (unmanned vehicle) carries out the ground preparation stage before task, and support personnel passes through rigid line in aircraft gate will Unmanned plane is connected with ground safeguard and test equipment, can provide necessary energy to unmanned plane in the case where engine is inoperative Source carries out maintenance test to unmanned plane.Generally, it is piston-engined starting be by starter band dynamic crankshaft, piston motion, Plug ignition burns mixed oil and gas, and starter exits after the completion of engine start, and starter is supplied by ground power supply or battery Electricity.After engine operation, ground controller slides to runway end from aircraft gate in control director remote controlled drone and takes off Execution task.Under the conditions of current technology, when existing compared with multi-state (such as multiple two-way mission), support personnel is needed gradually Maintenance, and director is controlled under normal conditions apart from runway end farther out, it starts engine using ground power supply every time and increases and appoint It is engaged in interval time, waste of manpower resource.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of remote starting systems of piston engine unmanned plane, in ship battery electricity In the case that amount is sufficient, it is ensured that when compared with multi-state, repeatedly safeguarded back and forth without support personnel, to solve under present condition Support personnel is needed repeatedly gradually to safeguard back and forth, the technical issues of time and effort consuming.
To solve this technical problem, the technical scheme is that
A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane, the remote start(ing) system of the piston engine unmanned plane System is made of carrier aircraft system 1 and ground control's control system 2;The carrier aircraft system 1 execute aircraft engine start to work and System status parameters acquisition, data transmit-receive and control in flight course, are controlled by starter 11, magneto 12, engine start Route 13, engine parameter acquisition device 14, battery 15, Flight Management Computer subsystem 16, signal location recognition unit 17, on-board data emits/receives the composition of terminal 18;
Ground control's control system 2 to unmanned plane manipulator's real-time display unmanned plane working condition, and by nobody Machine manipulator input instruction be sent to carrier aircraft system 1, unmanned plane is remotely controlled, by ground data emit/receive terminal 21, System mode display terminal 22, task control input port 23 form;
Carrier aircraft system 1 and ground control's control system 2 emit/receive terminal 18 by on-board data and ground data is sent out It penetrates/receives terminal 21 and carry out data interaction.
The starter 11 is engaged by gear with engine crankshaft, and 11 high speed rotation of starter drives engine crankshaft Piston motion.
The magneto 12 generates high-voltage spark, the intracorporal mixed oil and gas of ignition engine cylinder.
The engine parameter acquisition device 14 monitors starting to work the time for starter, acquires the state of engine.
The Flight Management Computer subsystem 16 is for monitoring each carrier aircraft subsystem state, resolving from ground control and control The instruction that system processed issues controls each carrier aircraft subsystem and executes corresponding actions.
The signal location recognition unit 17 unmanned plane position and unmanned plane identification for identification.
The successful condition of the engine start are as follows:
It is no more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine start success;
It is more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine, which terminates, starts;
When the working status parameter in engine startup is abnormal, then engine, which terminates, starts.
The invention has the advantages that the remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane of the invention carries out repeatedly in unmanned plane When task, in addition to necessary supplement fuel and aircraft system check, do not need close to unmanned plane.Remote control is by ship battery Engine is started, driven generator works after engine operation, and is charged by power grid on machine to battery by generator.Shorten Aircraft time improves the efficiency of execution task, is particularly suitable for the workplace of not accessible unmanned plane.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is remote start(ing) engine system structure chart;
Fig. 2 is remote start(ing) engine system operation flow chart.
Specific embodiment
The remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane of the invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification:
It is as shown in Figure 1 the system construction drawing of the remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane of the invention, it is described The remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane is made of carrier aircraft system 1 and ground control's control system 2;1 He of carrier aircraft system Ground control's control system 2 is emitted by on-board data/receive terminal 18 and ground data emits/receives the progress data of terminal 21 Interaction.
The carrier aircraft system 1 executes aircraft engine and starts to work and system status parameters acquisition, number in flight course According to transmitting-receiving and control, by starter 11, magneto 12, engine start control route 13, engine parameter acquisition device 14, store Battery 15, Flight Management Computer subsystem 16, signal location recognition unit 17, on-board data emit/receive the composition of terminal 18;
Ground control's control system 2 to unmanned plane manipulator's real-time display unmanned plane working condition, and by nobody Machine manipulator input instruction be sent to carrier aircraft system 1, unmanned plane is remotely controlled, by ground data emit/receive terminal 21, System mode display terminal 22, task control input port 23 form;
The starter 11 is engaged by gear with engine crankshaft, and 11 high speed rotation of starter drives engine crankshaft Piston motion.
The magneto 12 generates high-voltage spark, the intracorporal mixed oil and gas of ignition engine cylinder.
The engine parameter acquisition device 14 monitors starting to work the time for starter, acquires the state of engine.
The Flight Management Computer subsystem 16 is for monitoring each carrier aircraft subsystem state, resolving from ground control and control The instruction that system processed issues controls each carrier aircraft subsystem and executes corresponding actions.
The signal location recognition unit 17 for identification unmanned plane position (height, longitude and latitude) and nobody Identity identification.
On-board data emits/receive terminal 18: the data down transmission that Flight Management Computer is issued to ground control controls System, and the data issued by ground control's control system are received, it is uploaded to Flight Management Computer.
The successful condition of the engine start are as follows:
It is no more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine start success;
It is more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine, which terminates, starts;
When the working status parameter in engine startup is abnormal, then engine, which terminates, starts
Ground data emits, and/receive terminal 21: receiving on-board data and emit/receives the data that terminal 18 passes down, sends and appoint The data that business control signal mouth 23 uploads.
System mode display terminal 22: dynamic, real-time display system operating status on each subsystem picture page of unmanned plane, In present invention, it is desirable to real-time display has battery voltage, engine parameter etc..
Task control input port 23: being carried out the interface of task control input by unmanned plane manipulator, and input form includes Mouse action, keyboard input and control linkage movement etc..
Fig. 2 is remote start(ing) engine system operation flow chart, illustrates each system working condition below with reference to Fig. 2.
Unmanned plane is ready in aircraft gate, and engine is not driven at this time, is only powered from battery 15 to full machine, by airborne Carrier aircraft equipment running status is sent to earth station 21 by data terminal 18.Earth station identifies that the judgement of 17 information flies by signal location The ID of machine, and carrier aircraft equipment state real-time display to system mode is shown on picture page 22.When system mode show normally, fly Guard system is ready, and battery-operated state instruction is normal, no overtemperature alarm status.Aircraft landing gear system is designated as shutdown brake State.Judge whether battery output voltage is greater than 22V at this time, it, can be with remote start(ing) engine when conditions above is all satisfied.
It is inputted in task control signal mouth 23 and starts engine instruction, by transmission control on the data-link between ground and aircraft System order is to Flight Management Computer, and control engine start control route 13 is connected after Flight Management Computer resolves, the line Road is divided into two parts, and a part is starter 11, and another part is magneto 12.The effect of starter be by gear with start Machine crankshaft engagement, starter high speed rotation drive engine crankshaft piston motion.Magneto effect is to generate high-voltage spark, point The intracorporal mixed oil and gas of burn engine cylinder.It needs to monitor the starting time of starter in starting process, and is joined by engine Number acquisition devices 14 acquire engines state, in conjunction with judge engine whether Successful startup, if starter works more than 30 Second, engine still unstart success is terminated and is started.If the state parameter of engine operation is abnormal, should also stop working.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane, it is characterised in that: the remote starting system is by carrier aircraft system It unites (1) and ground control's control system (2) forms;The carrier aircraft system (1) executes aircraft engine and starts to work and fly System status parameters acquisition, data transmit-receive and control in the process are controlled by starter (11), magneto (12), engine start Route (13), engine parameter acquisition device (14), battery (15), Flight Management Computer subsystem (16), signal location Recognition unit (17), on-board data emit/receive terminal (18) composition;
Ground control's control system (2) grasps unmanned plane to unmanned plane manipulator's real-time display unmanned plane working condition Make hand input instruction be sent to carrier aircraft system (1), unmanned plane is remotely controlled, by ground data emit/receive terminal (21), System mode display terminal (22), task control input port (23) composition;
The carrier aircraft system (1) and ground control's control system (2) emit/receive terminal (18) and ground number by on-board data Data interaction is carried out according to transmitting/reception terminal (21).
2. remote starting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the starter (11) passes through gear and starts Machine crankshaft engagement, starter (11) high speed rotation drive engine crankshaft piston motion.
3. remote starting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the magneto (12) generates high pressure electrical fire Flower, the intracorporal mixed oil and gas of ignition engine cylinder.
4. remote starting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: engine parameter acquisition device (14) prison Starting to work the time for starter is surveyed, the state of engine is acquired.
5. remote starting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the Flight Management Computer subsystem (16) For monitoring each carrier aircraft subsystem state, resolving the instruction issued from ground control's control system, controls each carrier aircraft subsystem and hold Row corresponding actions.
6. remote starting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the signal location recognition unit (17) is used for Identify unmanned plane position and unmanned plane identification.
7. remote starting system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: the engine start success Condition are as follows:
It is no more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine start success;
It is more than the starting time T of setting when the time that starts to work, then engine, which terminates, starts;
When the working status parameter in engine startup is abnormal, then engine, which terminates, starts.
CN201811538810.7A 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane Pending CN109703766A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811538810.7A CN109703766A (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811538810.7A CN109703766A (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of remote starting system of piston engine unmanned plane

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CN109703766A true CN109703766A (en) 2019-05-03

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202657250U (en) * 2012-06-08 2013-01-09 无锡汉和航空技术有限公司 Internally-arranged type starting system of unmanned helicopter
CN102923308A (en) * 2012-08-06 2013-02-13 吴云东 Hybrid electric power pilotless remote-sensing airplane
CN103161579A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 西安广融电气有限公司 RTOS based turbojet engine digital control system
CN204360136U (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-27 中孚航空科技(天津)有限公司 No-manned machine distant control increases journey system
CN205239905U (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-18 陈蜀乔 From many rotor crafts of electricity generation oil -electricity hybrid vehicle
CN106043715A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 襄阳宏伟航空器有限责任公司 In-flight auto-ignition control method of engine of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN106773787A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 中国航空工业集团公司西安飞机设计研究所 A kind of unmanned plane during flying simulation demo verification platform based on serial communication
CN108196571A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-22 深圳常锋信息技术有限公司 A kind of flight control system, unmanned plane and UAV system
CN208053645U (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-11-06 深圳市艾特航空科技股份有限公司 A kind of oil electric mixed dynamic unmanned plane

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103161579A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 西安广融电气有限公司 RTOS based turbojet engine digital control system
CN202657250U (en) * 2012-06-08 2013-01-09 无锡汉和航空技术有限公司 Internally-arranged type starting system of unmanned helicopter
CN102923308A (en) * 2012-08-06 2013-02-13 吴云东 Hybrid electric power pilotless remote-sensing airplane
CN204360136U (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-27 中孚航空科技(天津)有限公司 No-manned machine distant control increases journey system
CN205239905U (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-18 陈蜀乔 From many rotor crafts of electricity generation oil -electricity hybrid vehicle
CN106043715A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 襄阳宏伟航空器有限责任公司 In-flight auto-ignition control method of engine of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN106773787A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 中国航空工业集团公司西安飞机设计研究所 A kind of unmanned plane during flying simulation demo verification platform based on serial communication
CN108196571A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-22 深圳常锋信息技术有限公司 A kind of flight control system, unmanned plane and UAV system
CN208053645U (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-11-06 深圳市艾特航空科技股份有限公司 A kind of oil electric mixed dynamic unmanned plane

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