CN109698554A - Substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and method - Google Patents

Substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109698554A
CN109698554A CN201910005473.3A CN201910005473A CN109698554A CN 109698554 A CN109698554 A CN 109698554A CN 201910005473 A CN201910005473 A CN 201910005473A CN 109698554 A CN109698554 A CN 109698554A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substation
control
data
remote
dispatching
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910005473.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐波
魏永
刘兴琛
张琪
黄超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pingyi Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Original Assignee
Pingyi Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
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Application filed by Pingyi Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co, State Grid Corp of China SGCC filed Critical Pingyi Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
Priority to CN201910005473.3A priority Critical patent/CN109698554A/en
Publication of CN109698554A publication Critical patent/CN109698554A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L63/00Compositions of epoxy resins; Compositions of derivatives of epoxy resins
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/28Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances natural or synthetic rubbers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/30Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes
    • H01B3/40Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes epoxy resins
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/00001Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by the display of information or by user interaction, e.g. supervisory control and data acquisition systems [SCADA] or graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/00006Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by information or instructions transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated power network element or electrical equipment
    • H02J13/00012Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by information or instructions transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated power network element or electrical equipment using an auxiliary transmission line
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • C08K2003/2227Oxides; Hydroxides of metals of aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/38Boron-containing compounds
    • C08K2003/382Boron-containing compounds and nitrogen
    • C08K2003/385Binary compounds of nitrogen with boron
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/011Nanostructured additives

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and methods, include: substation's dispatch service center, substation's dispatch service center by the communications cable and remote-control system, stand in environmental detection set, failure wave-recording monitoring module, distant place control module, failure monitoring module and dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module communicate respectively;The invention has the advantages that: inspection is carried out to electric substation automation system automatically by remote-control system, automation of transformation substations unit exception, power system fault analysis and the working efficiency of processing are improved, while realizing the complete real-time acquisition of fault data.

Description

Substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to electric power network technique field more particularly to a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and methods.
Background technique
Power scheduling is to guarantee that power network safety operation, external reliable power supply, the work of all kinds of power generations are orderly A kind of effective management means for carrying out and using.The specific works content of power scheduling is anti-according to various information acquisition equipment Be fed back to the data information come or information that monitoring personnel provides, in conjunction with power grid actual operation parameters, as voltage, electric current, frequency, Load etc. comprehensively considers every production work development condition, judges power grid security, economical operation state, passes through phone Or automatic system issues operational order, commander site operation personnel or automatic control system are adjusted, and are such as adjusted generator and are gone out Power, Load adjustment distribution, switched capacitor, reactor etc., so that it is guaranteed that power grid continues safe and stable operation.
Currently, the scheduling institutions at different levels in China all set up dispatch automated system.It is strong to adapt to build unified intelligence The general requirement of power grid meets the sustainable development of user, enterprise, society, makes Utilities Electric Co.'s power dispatch system operation and management system in order, mentions High Utilities Electric Co.'s management and running and management and running level are very urgent, therefore building meets existing situation and needs the intelligence that faces the future again Utilities Electric Co.'s regulation model of integration of energy grid requirements becomes inevitable trend.
The monitoring system of existing substation equipment scheduling, is confined to this substation in communication aspects, does not accomplish remote It passes.Therefore, the operating condition of some system background equipment lacks effectively monitoring, cannot often send out for a long time after failure or crash It now and in time handles, should there is effect to bring hidden danger for its performance.When unit exception, signal that usual main station monitoring receives Too simple, the detailed fault message operation maintenance personnels such as only are on the scene and could obtain, and can not judge at the first time point Analysis;The safety of substation data communication simultaneously is also unable to get effective guarantee.
Fault oscillograph be it is a kind of put into operation throughout the year to monitor the self-recording unit of Operation of Electric Systems situation, if It was found that fault oscillograph communication disruption, fault oscillograph is powered off and is restarted to scene by protection staff needs;But due to Present substation generally away from urban district farther out, therefore protection staff takes a long time to scene, handles both increase failure in this way The oscillograph failure defect elimination time, increase electric network fault when fault oscillograph cannot normal recording a possibility that, also increase protection The work on the spot intensity of personnel.
In view of the safety of equipment and personnel in substation, in substation for the insulation degree of the communications cable require compared with Height, therefore, the electric property of substation's interior insulation material are directly related to the voltage class and safety of whole transformer station;Current The communications cable is for a long time under the action of high direct voltage, it is possible to the generation of dielectric surface flashover phenomenon can be caused due to charge buildup.
Therefore, existing substation's dispatching and monitoring process still has that communication stability is poor, communication reliability is low and sets The problem of can not being handled in time after standby failure.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the invention proposes a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and method, Neng Gouyou Effect guarantees the safe transmission of substation's dispatching and monitoring data, and can make to the failure of discovery and timely and effectively handle.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system disclosed in one or more embodiments, comprising: substation's tune Spend service centre, substation's dispatch service center by the communications cable and remote-control system, stand in environmental detection set, Failure wave-recording monitoring module, distant place control module, failure monitoring module and dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module communicate respectively;
Insulating layer, the raw material group that the insulating layer material measures by weight are wrapped up on the outside of the conductive core of the communications cable Dividing includes: epoxy resin 100, methyl vinyl silicone rubber 20~30, nm-class boron nitride 3~8, nano-aluminum hydroxide 0.5~2, Odium stearate 0.1~1, distilled water 15~45, crystal whisker of hexa potassium titanate 0.5~2, nano inorganic powder 5~20, diluent 5~10, Compatilizer 0.5~5, fire retardant 1~5, antioxidant 0.5~1, crosslinking agent 3~5;
The remote-control system includes: remote-terminal unit and remote auto routing inspection unit;The remote-terminal unit It is configured as connecting with substation's dispatch service center, realizes the remote emulation of electric substation automation system, and remotely to certainly The start-up and shut-down control of dynamicization system progress soft and hardware;The remote auto routing inspection unit is configured as patrolling by preset taking turn plan Depending on whole transformer station automated system;During tour, long-range end will be passed through by the status information of tour equipment in real time automatically End unit is shown;For the unusual condition during making an inspection tour, control remote-terminal unit carries out audible and visual alarm;
The failure wave-recording monitoring module includes: fault oscillograph, traffic monitoring unit and starting control unit;It is described logical Whether the communication path that letter monitoring unit is configured as monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, if communication path is abnormal to substation's tune It spends service centre and sends alarm signal, substation's dispatch service center receives and sends weight to starting control unit after alarm signal Instruction is opened, the restarting of fault oscillograph is controlled;
The distant place control module is configured as: identification substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device Endpoint list file establishes the matching relationship of dispatching terminal and telemechanical generator terminal, substation's intermediate equipment;Telemechanical is obtained by mirror port Machine is to the communication packet of dispatching terminal and substation's intermediate equipment and parses, and is obtained by matching relationship consistent distant with regulation Control selecting object;The remote control selecting object that selecting object is issued with practical regulation will be remotely controlled to check, just whether confirmation remote control Really.
Further, environmental detection set includes: in the station
Environmental detection unit: it is configured as environmental information in detection substation;
Security protection detection unit: it is configured as safeguard information in detection substation;
Video detecting unit: it is configured as video information in detection substation.
Further, the failure monitoring module includes:
Voltage and current acquisition unit is configured as acquisition substation line voltage and current signal, and the signal is transmitted To substation's dispatch service center;
Substation's dispatch service center is configured as establishing incoming switch and outlet switch by electric connecting relation Incidence relation;When faulty generation, all fault-current signals from power supply point to fault point are detected, at this point, close The outlet switch of fault point issues locking and outputs signal, and the locking that incoming switch receives outlet switch is latched certainly after outputing signal Oneself control of export, with isolated fault.
Further, the dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module includes:
Alarm data statistic unit is configured as classifying to substation's alarm signal data, is divided into a kind of number of alarm According to, alarm two class data, alarm three classes data, alternating current-direct current alarm data, ground connection alarm data, alternating current-direct current block signal data and Channel state data;
Position judging unit is configured as reading the ground of the maintenance staff of at least one affiliated maintenance company of abnormal failure point Location information is managed, the geographical location includes longitude, latitude;
Warning information transmission unit is configured as warning information and affiliated alarm classification information being sent to and the exception Maintenance staff's mobile terminal of the shortest associated data type of fault point distance.
Further, the communications cable includes the protective layer set gradually from outside to inside, buffer layer, armor, aluminium foil Layer, insulating layer and conductive core;Several buffer cells are uniformly provided on the buffer layer, the buffer cell is along cable side To the hollow structure of setting;The conductive core includes copper conductor and aluminum conductor, and the copper conductor and aluminum conductor, which are twisted, forms conduction Core.
Further, substation's dispatch service center by telecontrol device be remotely controlled substation's intermediate equipment, telecontrol device with Substation's dispatch service center and substation's intermediate equipment communicate respectively;Substation's dispatch service center configuration has dispatching terminal Telemechanical point list file, the telecontrol device are configured with telecontrol device endpoint list file, wherein dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device Endpoint list file is respectively the configuration file of dispatching terminal and telecontrol device.
Further, further includes: regulation and controlling of information checks module, is configured as:
According to the SCD file content of substation, everything information in substation is spaced to schedule and is successively sent out It is sent to telecontrol device and substation's dispatch service center;Wherein, the movement of transmission has time identifier;
The action message that telecontrol device executes is compared with the action message of substation dispatch service central record, if Then regulation and controlling of information executes correctly for exact matching, otherwise, issues alarm prompt.
Further, further includes: data transmit encryption unit, are configured as: by the electric power data for needing to transmit according to weight It wants degree to be divided into conventional power data and important electric power data, obtains symmetric key, and using symmetric key respectively to common electricity Force data and important electric power data are encrypted, and the first encryption data and the second encryption data are obtained, and obtain the public affairs of target terminal Key, and the second encryption data is encrypted using public key, third encryption data is obtained, the first encryption data and third are encrypted Data are sent to target terminal.
A kind of substation equipment dispatching and monitoring method disclosed in one or more embodiments, comprising:
Whole transformer station automated system is maked an inspection tour by preset taking turn plan;During tour, it will be set automatically by tour Standby status information is shown by remote-terminal unit in real time;For the unusual condition during making an inspection tour, remote terminal list is controlled Member carries out audible and visual alarm;
Whether the communication path for monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, if communication path is abnormal to substation's dispatch service center Alarm signal is sent, substation's dispatch service center receives and sends instruction of restarting, control to starting control unit after alarm signal The restarting of fault oscillograph processed;
It identifies substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint list file, establishes dispatching terminal and remote Motivation end, substation's intermediate equipment matching relationship;Telecontrol device is obtained to setting among dispatching terminal and substation by mirror port Standby communication packet is simultaneously parsed, and is obtained by matching relationship and is regulated and controled consistent remote control selecting object;By remote control selection pair As being checked with the remote control selecting object of practical regulation sending, whether confirmation remote control is correct.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Inspection is carried out to electric substation automation system automatically by remote-control system, improves automation of transformation substations equipment Abnormal, power system fault analysis and processing working efficiency, while realizing the complete real-time acquisition of fault data.
Communications cable insulating materials can be improved using the combination of the materials such as methyl vinyl silicone rubber and nm-class boron nitride The volume resistance of epoxy resin reduces surface charge accumulation, optimizes field distribution, avoids dielectric surface flashover;
The signal intelligence for monitoring fault oscillograph in real time, can find in time whether fault oscillograph works normally, and After detecting fault oscillograph exception, can automatic Control Fault oscillograph restart, without staff reach scene, section Manpower has been saved, has been improved work efficiency.
It realizes that remote machine is remotely controlled the automatic Check of correctness by distant place control module, is without relay protection device stoppage in transit Achievable remote control debugging.
It can be realized the real-time effectively accurately acquisition of substation fault data, and faulty equipment can be carried out long-range Control, it is ensured that the safety of data transmission.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is one substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
Embodiment one
A kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system disclosed in one or more embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, packet Include: substation's dispatch service center, substation's dispatch service center by the communications cable and remote-control system, stand in environment examine Survey device, failure wave-recording monitoring module, distant place control module, failure monitoring module, dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module and regulation Information check module communicates respectively.
Present embodiment designs a kind of construction of cable, comprising: protective layer, buffer layer, the armouring set gradually from outside to inside Layer, aluminium foil layer, insulating layer and conductive core;Several buffer cells are uniformly provided on the buffer layer, the buffer cell is Along the hollow structure of cable direction setting;The conductive core includes copper conductor and aluminum conductor, and the copper conductor and aluminum conductor are twisted Form conductive core.
Wherein, the processing technology of buffer layer is that crumb rubber heating is become viscous state by the processing of extruder, in machine Deformation is obtained under the action of cylinder and head pressure, ring-type is formed using the mold of head and is coated on around conductor, is formed slow Rush layer.
Furthermore, it is contemplated that often there is personnel's discrepancy in substation, it is therefore, particularly significant for the insulating protection of substation, because This, redesigns the material of insulating layer, and the raw material components that insulating layer material measures by weight include: epoxy resin 100, methyl vinyl silicone rubber 20~30, nm-class boron nitride 3~8, nano-aluminum hydroxide 0.5~2, odium stearate 0.1~1, Distilled water 15~45, crystal whisker of hexa potassium titanate 0.5~2, nano inorganic powder 5~20, diluent 5~10, compatilizer 0.5~5, resistance Fire agent 1~5, antioxidant 0.5~1, crosslinking agent 3~5.
The compatibility of nm-class boron nitride and epoxy resin is more preferable, increases dispersibility of the nm-class boron nitride in organism, Effectively improve the heat resistance of material.Using nano-aluminum hydroxide modified methyl vinylsiloxane rubber, methyl can effectively improve The anti creepage trace and decorations damage performance of vinylsiloxane rubber.
The present invention forms it into double layer of metal shielded layer by the armor and aluminium foil layer of setting, has good electromagnetism The transmission of external interference effect of signals data can be effectively prevented in shield effectiveness, effectively promotes the safety of data transmission;Buffering The setting of layer, makes it have good buffering effect, effectively promotes the safety used;Nano-antibacterial is added to inside protective layer Agent and fire retardant make it have antibacterial and fire-retardant effect, effectively promote the safety used.
Remote-control system includes: remote-terminal unit and remote auto routing inspection unit;Remote-terminal unit is configured as It is connect with substation's dispatch service center, realizes the remote emulation of electric substation automation system, and remotely to automated system Carry out the start-up and shut-down control of soft and hardware;Remote auto routing inspection unit is configured as making an inspection tour whole transformer station by preset taking turn plan Automated system;During tour, it will be shown in real time by remote-terminal unit by the status information of tour equipment automatically;It is right Unusual condition during tour, control remote-terminal unit carry out audible and visual alarm.
By computer picture, the various of equipment is actively called to be concerned information, according to significance level, actively " push " is arrived In face of administrative staff, so that administrative staff do not need substation equipment scene, the tour work of equipment can be also completed.For Abnormal situation, additionally it is possible to automatically record and report, eliminate the various work that administrative staff are carried out by abnormality processing.
Failure wave-recording monitoring module includes: fault oscillograph, traffic monitoring unit and starting control unit;Communication monitoring list Whether the communication path that member is configured as monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, if communication path is abnormal into substation's dispatch service The heart sends alarm signal, and substation's dispatch service center receives and sends instruction of restarting to starting control unit after alarm signal, Control the restarting of fault oscillograph;
Contact-relay can be used by starting control unit, and traffic monitoring unit judges whether communication is normal, will when abnormal Alarm signal is uploaded to substation's dispatch service center, and for staff by alarm signal, confirmation is dead by fault wave recording device Machine causes communication disruption, then by sending remote control command, instruction of restarting is transmitted to contact-relay, contact-relay receives After signal, disconnects fault wave recording device power supply and restarted.
This kind of mode can reduce cost of investment, while the remote operation for restarting fault wave recording device and failure wave-recording being filled The communications status monitoring set is incorporated to daily substation's monitoring, can save human cost.
Distant place control module is configured as: identification substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint List file establishes the matching relationship of dispatching terminal and telemechanical generator terminal, substation's intermediate equipment;Telecontrol device pair is obtained by mirror port Dispatching terminal and the communication packet of substation's intermediate equipment are simultaneously parsed, and are obtained by matching relationship and are regulated and controled consistent remote control choosing Select object;The remote control selecting object that selecting object is issued with practical regulation will be remotely controlled to check, whether confirmation remote control is correct.
Substation's dispatch service center is remotely controlled substation's intermediate equipment, telecontrol device and substation's dispatch service by telecontrol device Center and substation's intermediate equipment communicate respectively;Substation's dispatch service center configuration has dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file, described Telecontrol device is configured with telecontrol device endpoint list file, wherein dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint list file are respectively The configuration file of dispatching terminal and telecontrol device.
Existing remote control joint debugging technical solution needs exit the protective relaying device being currently running, to full station equipment and relay After protective device carries out security isolation, protective relaying device could be carried out to throw and move back the practical remote operation such as soft pressing plate, to realize With the purpose of distant place main website remote control joint debugging (verification of remote control correctness).And this patent be not necessarily to protective relaying device carry out safety every From raising operation of power networks reliability and working efficiency.
Environmental detection set can carry out conduct monitoring at all levels to the environment in substation in standing, and improve the safety of substation, It specifically includes that
Environmental detection unit: the information such as temperature, humidity in detection substation are configured as, if the information detected is more than Given threshold then issues alarm prompt.
Security protection detection unit: it is configured as safeguard information, such as smokescope etc. in detection substation, if it exceeds setting Threshold value, issue warning information.
Video detecting unit: being configured as video information in detection substation, if having detected that foreign matter is swarmed into or can The personnel of doubting enter, and issue warning information.
Failure monitoring module includes:
Voltage and current acquisition unit is configured as acquisition substation line voltage and current signal, and the signal is transmitted To substation's dispatch service center;
Substation's dispatch service center is configured as establishing the pass of incoming switch and outlet switch by electric connecting relation Connection relationship;When faulty generation, all fault-current signals from power supply point to fault point are detected, at this point, close to failure The outlet switch of point issues locking and outputs signal, and the locking that incoming switch receives outlet switch is latched oneself after outputing signal Control of export, with isolated fault.Interconnection switch, contact outlet switch can share same time definite value, while nearest from fault point Switch trip, reduce power supply interrupted district, reduce power off time, improve power supply reliability.
Regulation and controlling of information checks module, is configured as:
According to the SCD file content of substation, everything information in substation is spaced to schedule and is successively sent out It is sent to telecontrol device and substation's dispatch service center;Wherein, the movement of transmission has time identifier;The movement that telecontrol device is executed Information is compared with the action message of substation's dispatch service central record, and regulation and controlling of information executes just if exact matching Really, otherwise, alarm prompt is issued.
By being checked to scheduling information, can real-time judge scheduling execute it is whether correct, can find telemechanical in time Machine executes mistake, guarantees power grid security.
Dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module includes:
Alarm data statistic unit is configured as classifying to substation's alarm signal data, is divided into a kind of number of alarm According to, alarm two class data, alarm three classes data, alternating current-direct current alarm data, ground connection alarm data, alternating current-direct current block signal data and Channel state data;
Position judging unit is configured as reading the ground of the maintenance staff of at least one affiliated maintenance company of abnormal failure point Location information is managed, the geographical location includes longitude, latitude;
Warning information transmission unit is configured as warning information and affiliated alarm classification information being sent to and the exception Maintenance staff's mobile terminal of the shortest associated data type of fault point distance.
By the way that alarm data is classified, the complexity that operation maintenance personnel checks data can reduce, and being capable of basis Alarm data type targetedly sends corresponding maintenance staff, can save the processing time of warning information.
Data transmit encryption unit, are configured as: the electric power data transmitted will be needed to be divided into common electricity according to significance level Force data and important electric power data obtain symmetric key, and using symmetric key respectively to conventional power data and important electric power Data are encrypted, and the first encryption data and the second encryption data are obtained, and obtain the public key of target terminal, and using public key to the Two encryption datas are encrypted, and third encryption data is obtained, and the first encryption data and third encryption data are sent to target end End.
Above-mentioned targeted Encryption Algorithm, not only saves transmission time, at the same realize electric power significant data from It is dynamic safely to transmit, improve the efficiency of the transmission of electric power data.
By the substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system of this patent, can be realized substation's scheduling data effective monitoring and It checks, substation's scheduling a variety of monitoring datas such as data and alarm data is recorded effectively in real time, are improved simultaneously The data transmission efficiency and transmission safety of substation.
Embodiment two
A kind of substation equipment dispatching and monitoring method disclosed in one or more embodiments, comprising:
Whole transformer station automated system is maked an inspection tour by preset taking turn plan;During tour, it will be set automatically by tour Standby status information is shown by remote-terminal unit in real time;For the unusual condition during making an inspection tour, remote terminal list is controlled Member carries out audible and visual alarm;
Whether the communication path for monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, if communication path is abnormal to substation's dispatch service center Alarm signal is sent, substation's dispatch service center receives and sends instruction of restarting, control to starting control unit after alarm signal The restarting of fault oscillograph processed;
It identifies substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint list file, establishes dispatching terminal and remote Motivation end, substation's intermediate equipment matching relationship;Telecontrol device is obtained to setting among dispatching terminal and substation by mirror port Standby communication packet is simultaneously parsed, and is obtained by matching relationship and is regulated and controled consistent remote control selecting object;By remote control selection pair As being checked with the remote control selecting object of practical regulation sending, whether confirmation remote control is correct.
Above-mentioned, although the foregoing specific embodiments of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, not protects model to the present invention The limitation enclosed, those skilled in the art should understand that, based on the technical solutions of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Need to make the creative labor the various modifications or changes that can be made still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system characterized by comprising substation's dispatch service center, the power transformation Dispatch service of standing center by the communications cable and remote-control system, stand in environmental detection set, failure wave-recording monitoring module, remote Square control module, failure monitoring module and dispatching of power netwoks alarm monitoring module communicate respectively;
Insulating layer, the raw material components packet that the insulating layer material measures by weight are wrapped up on the outside of the conductive core of the communications cable Include: epoxy resin 100, methyl vinyl silicone rubber 20~30, nm-class boron nitride 3~8, nano-aluminum hydroxide 0.5~2 are stearic Sour sodium 0.1~1, distilled water 15~45, crystal whisker of hexa potassium titanate 0.5~2, nano inorganic powder 5~20, diluent 5~10 are compatible Agent 0.5~5, fire retardant 1~5, antioxidant 0.5~1, crosslinking agent 3~5;
The remote-control system includes: remote-terminal unit and remote auto routing inspection unit;The remote-terminal unit is matched It is set to and is connect with substation's dispatch service center, realize the remote emulation of electric substation automation system, and remotely to automation The start-up and shut-down control of system progress soft and hardware;The remote auto routing inspection unit is configured as making an inspection tour by preset taking turn plan whole A electric substation automation system;During tour, remote terminal list will be passed through by the status information of tour equipment in real time automatically Member display;For the unusual condition during making an inspection tour, control remote-terminal unit carries out audible and visual alarm;
The failure wave-recording monitoring module includes: fault oscillograph, traffic monitoring unit and starting control unit;The communication prison Whether the communication path that control unit is configured as monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, if abnormal dispatch to substation of communication path takes Business center sends alarm signal, and substation's dispatch service center, which receives, restarts finger to starting control unit transmission after alarm signal It enables, controls the restarting of fault oscillograph;
The distant place control module is configured as: identification substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint List file establishes the matching relationship of dispatching terminal and telemechanical generator terminal, substation's intermediate equipment;Telecontrol device pair is obtained by mirror port Dispatching terminal and the communication packet of substation's intermediate equipment are simultaneously parsed, and are obtained by matching relationship and are regulated and controled consistent remote control choosing Select object;The remote control selecting object that selecting object is issued with practical regulation will be remotely controlled to check, whether confirmation remote control is correct.
2. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that environment measuring in the station Device includes:
Environmental detection unit: it is configured as environmental information in detection substation;
Security protection detection unit: it is configured as safeguard information in detection substation;
Video detecting unit: it is configured as video information in detection substation.
3. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the failure monitoring module Include:
Voltage and current acquisition unit is configured as acquisition substation line voltage and current signal, and the signal is sent to change Power station dispatch service center;
Substation's dispatch service center is configured as establishing the pass of incoming switch and outlet switch by electric connecting relation Connection relationship;When faulty generation, all fault-current signals from power supply point to fault point are detected, at this point, close to failure The outlet switch of point issues locking and outputs signal, and the locking that incoming switch receives outlet switch is latched oneself after outputing signal Control of export, with isolated fault.
4. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the dispatching of power netwoks alarm Monitoring module includes:
Alarm data statistic unit is configured as classifying to substation's alarm signal data, is divided into a kind of data of alarm, accuses Alert two class data, alarm three classes data, alternating current-direct current alarm data, ground connection alarm data, alternating current-direct current block signal data and channel Status data;
Position judging unit is configured as reading the geographical position of the maintenance staff of at least one affiliated maintenance company of abnormal failure point Confidence breath, the geographical location includes longitude, latitude;
Warning information transmission unit is configured as warning information and affiliated alarm classification information being sent to and the abnormal failure Maintenance staff mobile terminal of the point apart from shortest associated data type.
5. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the communications cable includes Protective layer, buffer layer, armor, aluminium foil layer, insulating layer and the conductive core set gradually from outside to inside;On the buffer layer uniformly Several buffer cells are offered, the buffer cell is the hollow structure being arranged along cable direction;The conductive core includes copper Conducting wire and aluminum conductor, the copper conductor and aluminum conductor are twisted to form conductive core.
6. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that substation's scheduling clothes Business center is remotely controlled substation's intermediate equipment, telecontrol device and substation's dispatch service center and substation's intermediate equipment by telecontrol device It communicates respectively;Substation's dispatch service center configuration has dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file, and the telecontrol device is configured with telemechanical Generator terminal point list file, wherein dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint list file are respectively dispatching terminal and telecontrol device Configuration file.
7. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: regulation and controlling of information Module is checked, is configured as:
According to the SCD file content of substation, everything information in substation is spaced to schedule and is sent in sequence to Telecontrol device and substation's dispatch service center;Wherein, the movement of transmission has time identifier;
The action message that telecontrol device executes is compared with the action message of substation dispatch service central record, if completely Then regulation and controlling of information executes correctly for matching, otherwise, issues alarm prompt.
8. a kind of substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: data transmission Encryption unit is configured as: the electric power data transmitted will be needed to be divided into conventional power data and important electric power according to significance level Data are obtained symmetric key, and are encrypted respectively to conventional power data and important electric power data using symmetric key, are obtained First encryption data and the second encryption data are obtained the public key of target terminal, and are added using public key to the second encryption data It is close, third encryption data is obtained, the first encryption data and third encryption data are sent to target terminal.
9. a kind of substation equipment dispatching and monitoring method characterized by comprising
Whole transformer station automated system is maked an inspection tour by preset taking turn plan;It, automatically will be by tour equipment during tour Status information is shown by remote-terminal unit in real time;For make an inspection tour during unusual condition, control remote-terminal unit into Row audible and visual alarm;
Whether the communication path for monitoring fault oscillograph is normal, sends if communication path is abnormal to substation's dispatch service center Alarm signal, substation's dispatch service center receive and send instruction of restarting to starting control unit after alarm signal, control therefore Hinder the restarting of oscillograph;
It identifies substation's SCD file, dispatching terminal telemechanical point list file and telecontrol device endpoint list file, establishes dispatching terminal and telecontrol device It holds, the matching relationship of substation's intermediate equipment;Telecontrol device is obtained to dispatching terminal and substation's intermediate equipment by mirror port Communication packet is simultaneously parsed, and is obtained by matching relationship and is regulated and controled consistent remote control selecting object;Will remote control selecting object with The remote control selecting object that practical regulation issues is checked, and whether confirmation remote control is correct.
CN201910005473.3A 2019-01-03 2019-01-03 Substation equipment Dispatching monitor and control system and method Withdrawn CN109698554A (en)

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Application publication date: 20190430