CN109696033B - Drawer assembly and refrigerator with same - Google Patents

Drawer assembly and refrigerator with same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109696033B
CN109696033B CN201811190138.7A CN201811190138A CN109696033B CN 109696033 B CN109696033 B CN 109696033B CN 201811190138 A CN201811190138 A CN 201811190138A CN 109696033 B CN109696033 B CN 109696033B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drawer
hole
hook
pushing
elastic
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Application number
CN201811190138.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109696033A (en
Inventor
郭亚军
袁明波
李璐瑶
刘磊
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Haier Zhijia Co Ltd
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Haier Zhijia Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811190138.7A priority Critical patent/CN109696033B/en
Publication of CN109696033A publication Critical patent/CN109696033A/en
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Publication of CN109696033B publication Critical patent/CN109696033B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D25/00Charging, supporting, and discharging the articles to be cooled
    • F25D25/02Charging, supporting, and discharging the articles to be cooled by shelves
    • F25D25/024Slidable shelves
    • F25D25/025Drawers

Abstract

The invention provides a drawer component and a refrigerator thereof, comprising a drawer, a sliding rail component and a fixing structure, wherein the fixing structure comprises: the fixed frame comprises a first side wall, a second side wall and a third side wall, wherein the second side wall and the third side wall are arranged at two opposite sides of the first side wall, the second side wall and the third side wall are parallel and opposite, the first side wall is provided with a first side and a second side which are opposite, a first through hole is formed in the first side wall, and a second through hole is formed in the second side wall; the clamping hook structure is arranged on the second side and comprises a clamping hook, a connecting part and a stop part, and the clamping hook and the stop part are respectively arranged at two opposite ends of the connecting part; the trigger structure comprises a trigger part and a pushing part which are connected with each other, the trigger part is arranged on the first side, the pushing part is arranged on the second side, and the pushing part is positioned between the connecting part and the stop part; the elastic piece is arranged between the connecting part and the third side wall; the elastic piece enables the clamping hook to extend out of the second through hole, and the fixing structure enables the drawer to be detachably connected with the rail assembly.

Description

Drawer assembly and refrigerator with same
Technical Field
The invention relates to a drawer assembly, in particular to a drawer assembly convenient to disassemble and assemble and a refrigerator with the drawer assembly.
Background
Most of the existing drawer assemblies for refrigerators are of a sliding rail type, and a sliding rail is usually fixedly arranged on a drawer door body, and then a drawer is erected on the sliding rail. In order to avoid the connection between the drawer and the slide rail from loosening, a fixed connection structure is often provided between the drawer and the slide rail. Although the drawer structure increases the connection stability between the drawer and the slide rail, the drawer and the slide rail are difficult to detach.
In view of the above, there is a need for an improved drawer assembly and refrigerator to solve the above problems. Disclosure of Invention
One of the objectives of the present invention is to provide a drawer assembly for a refrigerator, in which a fixing structure of the drawer assembly can effectively fix a drawer and a slide rail assembly, and can detach the drawer and the slide rail assembly by a simple operation.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a drawer component, which comprises a drawer and a slide rail component connected with the drawer, and further comprises a fixed structure, wherein the fixed structure comprises: the fixing frame comprises a first side wall, a second side wall and a third side wall, wherein the first side wall is provided with a first edge and a second edge which are opposite, the second side wall is arranged on the first edge, the third side wall is arranged on the second edge, the second side wall is parallel to and opposite to the third side wall, the first side wall is provided with a first side and a second side which are opposite, a first through hole is arranged on the first side wall, and a second through hole is arranged on the second side wall; the clamping hook structure is arranged on the second side and comprises a clamping hook, a connecting part and a stop part, and the clamping hook and the stop part are respectively arranged at two opposite ends of the connecting part; the trigger structure comprises a trigger part and a pushing part which are connected with each other, the trigger part is arranged on the first side, the pushing part is arranged on the second side, and the pushing part is positioned between the connecting part and the stop part; one end of the elastic piece is connected with the third side wall, and the other end of the elastic piece is connected with the connecting part; the elastic piece enables the clamping hook to extend out of the second through hole, and the fixing structure enables the drawer to be detachably connected with the sliding rail assembly.
As an optional technical solution, the connecting portion and the stopping portion form a corner, and the pushing portion is located at the corner.
As an optional technical solution, the triggering portion and the pushing portion are of a split structure, the triggering portion has a first connecting shaft, the pushing portion has a second connecting shaft, one of the first connecting shaft and the second connecting shaft is provided with an external thread, the other of the first connecting shaft and the second connecting shaft is provided with a connecting shaft hole, an internal thread is arranged in the connecting shaft hole, the external thread and the internal thread are matched to connect the triggering portion and the pushing portion, and the connecting shaft hole is accommodated in the first through hole.
As an optional technical solution, an acting force is applied to rotate the triggering portion, the triggering portion drives the abutting portion, the abutting portion abuts against the connecting portion to move the connecting portion toward the third side wall, the connecting portion drives the hook to move toward the third side wall, the hook moves out of the second through hole, and the elastic member is compressed to be in a compressed state; removing the acting force, and restoring the elastic element from the compressed state to the extended state to provide elastic force to push the connecting part, so that the hook enters the second through hole and extends out of the second through hole; the hook extends out of the second through hole to be matched with the clamping hole of the drawer, the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a locked state, the hook moves out of the second through hole, the hook is separated from the clamping hole of the drawer, and the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a separated state.
The present invention further provides a drawer assembly, comprising a drawer and a slide rail assembly connected to the drawer, wherein the drawer assembly further comprises a fixing structure, the fixing structure comprises: the fixing frame comprises a first side wall, a second side wall and a third side wall, wherein the first side wall is provided with a first edge and a second edge which are opposite, the second side wall is arranged on the first edge, the third side wall is arranged on the second edge, the second side wall is parallel to and opposite to the third side wall, the first side wall is provided with a first side and a second side which are opposite, a first through hole is arranged on the first side wall, and a second through hole is arranged on the second side wall; the clamping hook structure is arranged on the second side and comprises a clamping hook, a connecting part and a butting part, and the clamping hook and the butting part are respectively arranged at two opposite ends of the connecting part; the trigger structure comprises a trigger part and a pushing part which are connected with each other, the trigger part passes through the first through hole and is arranged on the first side, the pushing part is arranged on the second side, and the pushing part is abutted against the pushing part; one end of the elastic piece is connected with the third side wall, and the other end of the elastic piece is connected with the connecting part; the elastic piece enables the clamping hook to extend out of the second through hole, and the fixing structure enables the drawer to be detachably connected with the sliding rail assembly.
As an optional technical solution, the triggering portion and the pushing portion are integrally formed, the pushing portion has a pushing surface, the pushing surface includes a plane and a first inclined surface that are connected to each other, the plane is close to the second side wall, and the first inclined surface is close to the third side wall.
As an optional technical solution, the abutting portion has an abutting surface, the abutting surface and the pushing surface are in contact with each other, and the abutting surface is a second inclined surface.
As an optional technical solution, an acting force is applied to press the triggering portion, the triggering portion moves in the first through hole, the abutting portion abuts against the abutting portion, the first inclined surface guides the second inclined surface, the second inclined surface moves towards the third side wall, so that the abutting portion drives the connecting portion and the hook to move towards the third side wall, the hook moves out of the second through hole, and the elastic member is compressed to be in a compressed state; removing the acting force, and restoring the elastic element from the compressed state to the extended state to provide elastic force to push the connecting part, so that the hook enters the second through hole and extends out of the second through hole; the hook extends out of the second through hole to be matched with the clamping hole of the drawer, the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a locked state, the hook moves out of the second through hole, the hook is separated from the clamping hole of the drawer, and the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a separated state.
As optional technical solution, the triggering structure further includes an auxiliary structure, the auxiliary structure is disposed near the pushing portion, and the auxiliary structure extends toward the top of the fixing frame, the auxiliary structure includes an auxiliary shaft and an elastic auxiliary member, the auxiliary shaft protrudes out of the surface of the auxiliary structure and extends toward a direction away from the first sidewall, and the elastic auxiliary member is sleeved on the auxiliary shaft.
As an optional technical solution, the fixing frame further includes a limiting portion, the limiting portion is disposed at an inner side of the top portion, and the auxiliary structure is accommodated in the limiting portion.
As an optional technical solution, the limiting portion is a semi-circular structure, and the auxiliary structure is accommodated in a recess of the semi-circular structure.
As an optional technical solution, the locking device further includes a sliding block and a sliding groove, the sliding groove is disposed on the second side of the first side wall, the sliding block is disposed on the connecting portion and extends toward the first side wall, the sliding block is accommodated in the sliding groove, and the sliding block moves in the sliding groove along a straight line so that the hook moves in the second through hole in a straight line.
As an optional technical solution, the connector further includes a first bump and a second bump opposite to each other, the first bump is disposed on a surface of the third sidewall facing the second sidewall, the second bump is disposed on a surface of the connecting portion facing the third sidewall, one end of the elastic member is sleeved on the first bump, and the other end of the elastic member is sleeved on the second bump.
The invention also provides a refrigerator comprising the drawer assembly.
Compared with the prior art, the drawer assembly and the refrigerator provided by the invention have the advantages that the fixing structure in the drawer assembly comprises the trigger structure and the clamping hook structure, the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are detachably connected through the telescopic movement of the clamping hook structure, and the drawer and the sliding rail assembly are conveniently detached and assembled.
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific examples, but the invention is not limited thereto.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a drawer assembly according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the region a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the drawer and the slide rail according to the first embodiment of the invention after being separated.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a region B in fig. 3.
Fig. 5A is a schematic view of a fixing structure in a viewing angle according to a first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5B is a schematic view of the fixing structure in another view angle according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6A is an exploded view of a fixing structure in a first embodiment of the present invention from a viewing angle.
Fig. 6B is an exploded view of the fixing structure of the first embodiment of the present invention from another perspective.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a drawer assembly according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of region C of fig. 7.
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a drawer separated from a rail assembly according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 10A is a schematic view of a fixing structure in a second embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 10B is a schematic view of the fixing structure in another view according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11A is an exploded view of a fixing structure in a second embodiment of the present invention from a viewing angle.
Fig. 11B is an exploded view of the fixing structure of the second embodiment of the present invention from another perspective.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENT (S) OF INVENTION
The present application will now be described in detail with reference to specific embodiments thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings. These embodiments are not intended to limit the present application, and structural, methodological, or functional changes made by those skilled in the art according to these embodiments are included in the scope of the present application.
In the various illustrations of the present application, certain dimensions of structures or portions may be exaggerated relative to other structures or portions for ease of illustration and, thus, are provided to illustrate only the basic structure of the subject matter of the present application.
Also, terms used herein such as "upper," "above," "lower," "below," and the like, denote relative spatial positions of one element or feature with respect to another element or feature as illustrated in the figures for ease of description. The spatially relative positional terms may be intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, elements described as "below" or "beneath" other elements or features would then be oriented "above" the other elements or features. Thus, the exemplary term "below" can encompass both an orientation of above and below. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a drawer assembly according to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of region A of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the drawer separated from the slide rail according to the first embodiment of the present invention; fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a region B in fig. 3.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, a drawer assembly 100 according to a first embodiment of the present invention includes a drawer 110, a sliding rail assembly 120 and a fixing structure 130, wherein the fixing structure 130 is disposed at a proximal end of the sliding rail assembly 120, the proximal end of the sliding rail assembly 120 is defined as an end portion close to a user, and a distal end of the sliding rail assembly 120 is defined as an end portion away from the user; the drawer 110 and the slide rail assembly 120 are detachably connected through the fixing structure 130, the hook 1321 of the fixing structure 130 enters the engaging hole 111 on the drawer 110 to fixedly connect the slide rail 120 and the drawer 110, and the hook 1321 of the fixing structure 130 exits from the engaging hole 111 on the drawer 110 to separate the slide rail 120 from the drawer 110, or the drawer 110 is detached from the slide rail 120.
In this embodiment, the fixing structure 130 may be fixedly connected to the sliding rail assembly 120 by a screw locking or fastening connection, the sliding rail assembly 120 includes a connecting member 121 and a sliding rail 122, the connecting member 121 is located between the sliding rail 122 and the accommodating portion of the drawer 110, the sliding rail 122 is fixed on the connecting member 121, and the fixing structure 230 is fixedly coupled to a near side of the connecting member 121 by a locking or fastening connection. The connecting member 121 further includes a locking hole 1211 corresponding to the locking hole 1211, a locking protrusion 112 is disposed on the drawer 110, and the locking protrusion 112 enters the locking hole 1211 to increase the stability of the combination of the slide assembly 120 and the drawer 110.
The slide rail 122 is of a known structure, and reference may be made to related descriptions in the prior art, which are not described herein. In addition, the drawer assembly 100 further includes a drawer door 140, the drawer door 140 is connected to a near side of the drawer 110, and the near side of the drawer 110 is a side close to a user.
FIG. 5A is a schematic view of a fixing structure at a viewing angle in the first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 5B is a schematic view of the fixing structure at another viewing angle in the first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 6A is an exploded view of a mounting structure in a first embodiment of the present invention from a perspective; fig. 6B is an exploded view of the fixing structure of the first embodiment of the present invention from another perspective.
As shown in fig. 5A to 6B, the fixing structure 130 in the first embodiment of the present invention includes: the fixing frame 131, the hook structure 132, the triggering structure and the elastic member 136, wherein the fixing frame 131 includes a first side wall 1311, a second side wall 1312 and a third side wall 1313, the first side wall 1311 has a first edge and a second edge opposite to each other, the second side wall 1312 is disposed on the first edge, the third side wall 1313 is disposed on the second edge, the second side wall 1312 and the third side wall 1313 are parallel and opposite to each other, the first side wall 1311 has a first side and a second side opposite to each other, the first side wall 1311 has a first through hole 161, and the second side wall 1312 has a second through hole 162; the hook structure 132 is disposed on the second side of the first sidewall 1311, the hook structure 132 includes a hook 1321, a connecting portion 1322 and a stop portion 1323, and the hook 1321 and the stop portion 1323 are respectively disposed at two ends opposite to the connecting portion 1322; the triggering structure comprises a triggering portion 133 and a pushing portion 134 connected to each other, the triggering portion 133 is located on a first side of the first sidewall 1311, the pushing portion 134 is located on a second side of the first sidewall 1312, and the pushing portion 134 is located between the stop portion 1323 and the connecting portion 1322; one end of the elastic member 136 is connected to the connecting portion 1322, and the other end of the elastic member 136 is connected to the third sidewall 1313, so that the hook 1321 extends out of the second through hole 162; when a counterclockwise force is applied (in the direction indicated by the arrow in fig. 2) to rotate the triggering portion 133, the pushing portion 134 pushes the connecting portion 1322 to move toward the third sidewall 1313, the connecting portion 1322 drives the hook 1321 to move out of the second through hole 162, and the elastic element 136 is compressed to be in a compressed state; when the force is removed, the elastic element 136 is restored from the compressed state to the extended state, and provides an elastic force to push the hook 1321 to re-enter the second through hole 162 and protrude from the second through hole 162. The hook 1321 moves out of the second through hole 162, that is, the hook 1321 moves toward the third sidewall 1313 by the connection portion 1322 and then exits the second through hole 162.
In this embodiment, under the action of the elastic element 136, the hook 1321 extends out of the second through hole 162 to be matched with the engaging hole 111 of the drawer 110, and the sliding rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are in a locked state; under the action of the pushing portion 134, the hook 1321 moves out of the second through hole 162, and the hook 1321 and the engaging hole 111 are separated from each other, so that the slide rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are in a separated state; namely, the hook 1321 extending out of the second through hole 162 and the hook 1321 moving out of the second through hole 162, so that the slide rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are detachably connected.
With continued reference to fig. 5A to 6B, in order to increase the convenience of assembly, the triggering portion 133 and the pushing portion 134 are, for example, a split structure, the triggering portion 133 has a first connecting shaft 1331, a surface of the first connecting shaft 1331 has an external thread, the pushing portion 134 has a second connecting shaft 135, the second connecting shaft 135 has a connecting shaft hole 1351, an internal thread is provided inside the connecting shaft hole 1351, the internal thread is matched with the external thread, the first connecting shaft 1331 passes through the first through hole 161 and enters the connecting shaft hole 1351, and the triggering portion 133 and the pushing portion 134 are connected to each other by matching of the external thread and the internal thread, wherein the pushing portion 134 is located on a surface of a second side of the second connecting shaft 135 away from the first side wall 1311 and protrudes from the surface of the second connecting shaft 135. Preferably, the pushing portion 134 is a cylinder protruding from the surface of the second connecting shaft 135. When the trigger 133 is rotated counterclockwise, the first connection shaft 1331 and the second connection shaft 1351 together constitute a rotation shaft. In this embodiment, the second connecting shaft 135 partially enters the first through hole 161, so that the connecting shaft hole 1351 is sleeved in the first through hole 161. It should be noted that, in other embodiments of the present invention, the first connecting shaft of the triggering portion may have a connecting shaft hole, an internal thread is disposed inside the connecting shaft hole, and the surface of the second connecting shaft of the pushing portion has an external thread, the external thread and the internal thread are adapted to each other, the first connecting shaft enters the first through hole of the first side wall, and the second connecting shaft enters the connecting shaft hole of the first connecting shaft, so that the pushing portion and the triggering portion are connected to each other. In other words, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the triggering portion 133 has a first connecting shaft 1331, the pushing portion 134 has a second connecting shaft 135, one of the first connecting shaft 1331 and the second connecting shaft 135 is provided with an external thread, the other of the first connecting shaft 1331 and the second connecting shaft 135 is provided with a connecting shaft hole 1351, the connecting shaft hole 1351 is provided with an internal thread, the external thread and the internal thread are matched to connect the triggering portion 133 and the pushing portion 134, wherein the connecting shaft hole 1351 is received in the first through hole 161.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 and 5A, in the present embodiment, when the locking state between the fixing structure 230 and the drawer 110 is released, the triggering portion 133 is rotated counterclockwise as shown by an arrow in the figure, but not limited thereto. The rotation direction of the triggering portion 133 can be set according to the specific structure of the triggering portion 133 and the pushing portion 134.
Referring to fig. 5B to 6B, in order to increase the movement stability (or the stability of the movement of the hook 1321 into and out of the second through hole 162), the connecting portion 1322 is provided with a sliding block 1324, the second side of the first sidewall 1311 is provided with a sliding slot 137, and the sliding block 1324 is accommodated in the sliding slot 137. Acting force is exerted on the triggering portion 133 counterclockwise, so that the pushing portion 134 pushes the connecting portion 1322 to move toward the third sidewall 1313, the slider 1324 moves toward the third sidewall 1313 in the sliding slot 137, the connecting portion 1322 drives the hook 1321 to move toward the third sidewall 1313, the hook 1321 moves out of the second through hole 162, the engaging amount of the hook 1321 and the engaging hole 111 of the drawer 110 decreases, and the self-locking state between the drawer 110 and the slide rail assembly 120 is changed into the separation state. In this embodiment, the sliding slot 137 is, for example, a groove extending horizontally, and the sliding block 1324 moves linearly in the sliding slot 137, so that the hook 1321 also moves linearly. Preferably, an extension 1325 is disposed on an edge of the connecting portion 1322 facing the second side of the first sidewall 1311, the extension 1325 extends from the edge toward the third sidewall 1313, and the sliding block 1324 is disposed on the extension 1325 and protrudes toward the first sidewall 1311.
The sliding groove 137 is, for example, a recessed structure directly disposed on the second side of the first sidewall 1311, or two parallel ribs may be formed on the second side of the first sidewall 1311, and a region between the two ribs is the sliding groove 137.
With reference to fig. 5B, the stop portion 1323 of the hook structure 132 is located at the end of the connecting portion 1322, the stop portion 1323 and the connecting portion 1322 form a corner, the abutting portion 134 is located at the corner, and during the process that the abutting portion 134 abuts against the connecting portion 1322, the stop portion 1323 is used for preventing the abutting portion 134 from moving in the vertical direction, so as to ensure that the connecting portion 1322 and the hook 1321 can only move linearly under the action of the abutting portion 134. In this embodiment, the stop portion 1323 is, for example, a plate structure, the plate structure is connected to the end of the connecting portion 1322, and the extending direction of the plate structure is perpendicular to the connecting portion 1322 and the end of the extending portion 1325 to which part of the plate structure is connected.
Referring to fig. 6B, the surface of the third sidewall 1313 facing the second sidewall 1312 is provided with a first bump 151, the surface of the connecting portion 1322 of the hook structure 132 facing the third sidewall 1313 is provided with a second bump 152, the second bump 152 is opposite to the first bump 151, the elastic member 136 is, for example, a spring, opposite ends of the spring are respectively sleeved on the first bump 151 and the second bump 152, preferably, the first bump 151 and the second bump 152 are, for example, cylindrical bumps. The elastic member 136 is arranged to realize the automatic resetting of the hook 1321 in the second through hole 162, that is, the hook 1321 moves out of the second through hole 162, and under the elastic force of the elastic member 136, the hook 1321 can enter and extend out of the second through hole 162 again. Of course, the elastic element 136 is not limited to the above-mentioned spring, and in other embodiments of the present invention, the elastic element may be a metal spring, an elastic silica gel pad, or the like.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a drawer assembly according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of region C of FIG. 7; FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention with the drawer separated from the rail assembly; FIG. 10A is a schematic view of a fixing structure in a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10B is a schematic view of a fixing structure at another viewing angle in the second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11A is an exploded view of a mounting structure in a second embodiment of the present invention from a perspective; fig. 11B is an exploded view of the fixing structure of the second embodiment of the present invention from another perspective.
In a second embodiment of the present invention, another drawer assembly 200 is disclosed, wherein the elements in fig. 7 to 11B having the same reference numerals as those in fig. 1 to 6B have the same functions and structures, and are not repeated herein.
As shown in fig. 7 to 11B, the drawer assembly 200 is different from the drawer assembly 100 in that the fixing structure 230 of the drawer assembly 200 is different from the fixing structure 130 of the drawer assembly 100 in structure and operation manner. The fixing structure 230 includes a fixing frame 231, a hook structure 232, a trigger structure 233 and an elastic member 236.
Referring to fig. 10A to 11B, the fixing frame 231 includes a first side wall 2311, a second side wall 2312 and a third side wall 2313, the first side wall 2311 has a first edge and a second edge opposite to each other, the second side wall 2312 is disposed on the first edge, the third side wall 2313 is disposed on the second edge, the second side wall 2312 is parallel to and opposite to the third side wall 2313, the first side wall 2311 has a first side and a second side opposite to each other, a first through hole 261 is disposed on the first side wall 2311, and a second through hole 262 is disposed on the second side wall 2312; the hook structure 232 is disposed on the second side of the first sidewall 2311, and includes a hook 2321, a connecting portion 2322 and an abutting portion 2323, the hook 2321 and the abutting portion 2323 are respectively located at two ends of the connecting portion 2322, and an extending direction of the hook 2321 is the same as an extending direction of the abutting portion 2323; the trigger structure 233 includes a trigger portion 2331 and a push-against portion 2332 connected to each other, the trigger portion 2331 passes through the first through hole 261 and is located on the first side of the first sidewall 2311, the push-against portion 2332 is located on the second side of the first sidewall 2311, and the push-against portion 2332 abuts against the abutment portion 2323; one end of the elastic element 236 is connected to the connection portion 2322, and the other end of the elastic element 236 is connected to the third sidewall 2313, so that the hook 2321 extends out of the second through hole 262; the external force is applied to press the trigger 2331, the push 2332 presses the abutting portion 2323, the abutting portion 2323 moves towards the third side wall 2313, so that the connecting portion 2322 and the hook 2321 move towards the third side wall 2313, the hook 2321 moves out of the second through hole 262, and the elastic element 236 is compressed to be in a compressed state; when the external force is removed, the compressed elastic member 236 is restored from the compressed state to the extended state, and provides an elastic force to push the hook 2321 to re-enter and extend out of the second through hole 262. The hook 2321 moves out of the second through hole 262, which means that the hook 2321 moves towards the third sidewall 2313 under the action of the connecting portion 2322 and then exits the second through hole 262.
In this embodiment, under the action of the elastic element 236, the hook 2321 extends out of the second through hole 262 and can be matched with the engaging hole 111 of the drawer 110, so that the slide rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are in a locked state; under the action of the pushing part 2332, the hook 2321 moves out of the second through hole 262, and the hook 2321 and the engaging hole 111 are separated from each other, so that the slide rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are in a separated state; that is, the latch 2321 moves telescopically, so that the slide rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are detachably connected.
Referring to fig. 11A and 11B, the trigger portion 2331 and the push-against portion 2332 of the trigger structure 233 are integrally formed, wherein the push-against portion 2332 has a push-against surface, the push-against surface includes a flat surface 2337 and a first inclined surface 2338 connected to each other, the flat surface 2337 is close to the second side wall 2312, and the first inclined surface 2338 is close to the third side wall 2313; the abutting portion 2323 of the hook structure 232 has an abutting surface, the abutting surface and the pushing surface contact each other, and the abutting surface is a second inclined surface 2326. When the push-against portion 2332 acts on the abutting portion 2323, due to the arrangement of the first inclined surface 2338 and the second inclined surface 2336, the first inclined surface 2338 guides the second inclined surface 2326, so that the second inclined surface 2326 moves towards the third side wall 2323, that is, the abutting portion 2323 moves towards the third side wall 2313, the abutting portion 2323 moves the connecting portion 2322 connected with the hook 2321 towards the third side wall 2313, and the hook 2321 moves out of the second through hole 262. In this embodiment, the abutting portion 2323 of the hook structure 232 is, for example, a wedge-shaped protrusion protruding from the end of the connection portion 2322, an inclined surface of the wedge-shaped protrusion is the second inclined surface 2326, and an extending direction of the wedge-shaped protrusion is the same as an extending direction of the hook 2321, that is, the wedge-shaped protrusion and the hook 2321 are located on the same side of the connection portion 2322. The trigger 2331 and the push 2332 of the trigger structure 233 are, for example, a pillar with another wedge-shaped protrusion extending from the pillar toward the third sidewall.
In practical operation, by pressing the trigger 2331, the hook 2321 gradually moves out of the second through hole 262 under the action of the elastic element 236, and the drawer 110 is lifted upward, so that the engaging hole 111 of the drawer 110 can be disengaged from the hook 2321 more quickly by the third inclined surface 2327 at the front end of the hook 2321. In the process of separating the drawer 110 from the fixing structure 230, the hole wall of the engaging hole 111 continues to act on the hook 2321, so as to accelerate the movement of the hook 2321 toward the third side wall 2313, thereby more rapidly separating the hook 2321 from the engaging hole 111.
Referring to fig. 11A and 11B, in order to ensure the trigger stability of the trigger 2331, i.e., the trigger 2331 is continuously pressed by the application of force, the trigger 2331 is continuously moved forward without being biased. The trigger structure 233 further includes an auxiliary structure 2333, the auxiliary structure 2333 is located between the trigger portion 2331 and the push-against portion 2332 and is disposed adjacent to the push-against portion 2332, the auxiliary structure 2333 extends toward the top portion 2314 of the fixing frame 231, the top portion 2314 is located at the upper end portion of the first side wall 2311, and the upper end portion of the first side wall 2311 is a side of the first side wall 2311 adjacent to the drawer 110. The auxiliary structure 2333 has an auxiliary shaft 2334 and an elastic auxiliary member 2335, the auxiliary shaft 2334 protrudes from the surface of the auxiliary structure 2333 and extends in a direction away from the first sidewall 2311, and the elastic auxiliary member 2335 is sleeved on the auxiliary shaft 2334. Corresponding to the auxiliary structure 2333, the top portion 2314 of the fixing frame 231 is provided with a limiting portion 238, the limiting portion 238 is located at the inner side of the top portion 2314, the auxiliary structure 2333 is accommodated in the limiting portion 238, the limiting portion 238 is, for example, a semi-circular structure, and the auxiliary structure 2333 is accommodated in a semi-circular recess. When a force is applied to the trigger 2331, for example, when the trigger 2331 is pressed, the trigger 2331 moves in a direction away from the first sidewall 2311, the auxiliary structure 2333 moves along with the movement of the trigger 2331, the auxiliary structure 2333 compresses the elastic auxiliary member 2335 in the limiting portion 238, the elastic auxiliary member 2335 is in a compressed state, the limiting portion 238 limits the moving path of the auxiliary shaft 2334, that is, the auxiliary shaft 2334 moves along the limited path of the limiting portion 238, so as to prevent the offset in the movement of the auxiliary shaft 2334, and further ensure that the trigger 2331 does not offset during the movement. When the force on the trigger 2331 is removed, the elastic assistance member 2335, which is in a compressed state, is restored to an extended state to provide an elastic force such that the trigger 2331 protrudes from the first through hole 261 to be restored to an original position. In this embodiment, the triggering portion 2331, the auxiliary structure 2333 and the pushing portion 2332 are integrally formed, and the limiting portion 238 and the top portion 2314 are integrally formed.
Referring to fig. 7 to 9, the fixing structure 230 is disposed at a near side of the sliding rail assembly 120, that is, a side of the sliding rail assembly 120 close to the user, the sliding rail assembly 120 includes a connecting member 121 and a sliding rail 122, the connecting member 121 is located between the sliding rail 122 and the accommodating portion of the drawer 110, and the sliding rail 122 is fixed on the connecting member 121, wherein the fixing structure 230 is fixedly combined at the near side of the connecting member 121 by a locking or snapping manner, so that two ends of the elastic auxiliary member 2335 in the fixing structure 230 can contact the auxiliary structure 2333 and the connecting member 121 respectively. In this embodiment, the length of the elastic auxiliary 2335 is greater than the length of the auxiliary shaft 2334. The switching between the compressed state and the extended state of the elastic assistance member 2335 is achieved by the cooperation of the assistance structure 2333 with the connecting member 121.
Referring to fig. 4 and 9, the connecting member 121 includes a locking hole 1211 corresponding to the locking hole 1211, a locking protrusion 112 is disposed on the drawer 110, and the locking protrusion 112 enters the locking hole 1211 to increase the stability of the combination of the slide assembly 120 and the drawer 110.
Referring to fig. 10B and 11B, in order to increase the movement stability of the hook 2321 in the second through hole 262, a sliding block 2324 is disposed on the connecting portion 2322, a sliding slot 237 is disposed on the second side of the first side wall 2311, and the sliding block 2324 is accommodated in the sliding slot 237. In this embodiment, the sliding slot 237 is, for example, a horizontally extending groove, and the sliding block 2324 moves linearly in the sliding slot 237, so that the hook 2321 also moves linearly. Preferably, an extension 2325 is disposed on an edge of the connection 2322 facing the second side of the first side wall 2311, the extension 2325 extends toward the third side wall 2313, and the slider 2324 is disposed on the extension 2325 and protrudes toward the first side wall 2311. The sliding groove 237 is, for example, a concave structure directly disposed on the second side of the first sidewall 2311, or two parallel convex ribs may be formed on the second side of the first sidewall 2311, and the sliding groove 237 is located in a middle area between the two convex ribs.
Referring to fig. 11B, a first protrusion 251 is disposed on a surface of the third sidewall 2313 facing the second sidewall 2312, a second protrusion 152 is disposed on a surface of the connecting portion 2322 of the hook structure 232 facing the third sidewall 2313, the second protrusion 252 is opposite to the first protrusion 251, the elastic element 236 is, for example, a spring, opposite ends of the spring are respectively sleeved on the first protrusion 251 and the second protrusion 252, preferably, the first protrusion 251 and the second protrusion 252 are, for example, cylindrical protrusions. The elastic member 236 is arranged to achieve automatic resetting of the hook 2321 in the second through hole 262, that is, the hook 2321 moves out of the second through hole 262, and under the elastic force of the elastic member 236, the hook 2321 can re-enter and extend out of the second through hole 262. Of course, the elastic member 236 is not limited to the above-mentioned spring, and in other embodiments of the present invention, the elastic member may be a metal spring, an elastic silicone pad, or the like.
The invention further provides a refrigerator (not shown), which comprises a drawer 110 and a sliding rail assembly 120, and further comprises a fixing structure 100 or a fixing structure 200, so that the sliding rail assembly 120 and the drawer 110 are detachably connected.
In summary, according to the drawer assembly and the refrigerator thereof provided by the invention, the drawer and the slide rail assembly are detachably connected through the fixing structure, so that the convenience of assembling and disassembling the drawer and the slide rail assembly is improved, and the fixing structure is simple in structure and convenient to manufacture and widely apply.
It should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment contains only a single technical solution, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should make the description as a whole, and the technical solutions in the embodiments can also be combined appropriately to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.
The above list of details is only for the concrete description of the feasible embodiments of the present application, they are not intended to limit the scope of the present application, and all equivalent embodiments or modifications that do not depart from the technical spirit of the present application are intended to be included within the scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. A drawer assembly, includes the slide rail set spare that drawer and this drawer are connected, its characterized in that, this drawer assembly still includes fixed knot structure, and this fixed knot structure includes:
the fixing frame comprises a first side wall, a second side wall and a third side wall, wherein the first side wall is provided with a first edge and a second edge which are opposite, the second side wall is arranged on the first edge, the third side wall is arranged on the second edge, the second side wall is parallel to and opposite to the third side wall, the first side wall is provided with a first side and a second side which are opposite, a first through hole is arranged on the first side wall, and a second through hole is arranged on the second side wall;
the clamping hook structure is arranged on the second side and comprises a clamping hook, a connecting part and a butting part, and the clamping hook and the butting part are respectively arranged at two opposite ends of the connecting part;
the trigger structure comprises a trigger part and a pushing part which are connected with each other, the trigger part passes through the first through hole and is arranged on the first side, the pushing part is arranged on the second side, and the pushing part is abutted against the pushing part; and
one end of the elastic piece is connected with the third side wall, and the other end of the elastic piece is connected with the connecting part;
the elastic piece enables the clamping hook to extend out of the second through hole, and the fixing structure enables the drawer to be detachably connected with the sliding rail assembly;
the trigger part and the pushing part are integrally formed, the pushing part is provided with a pushing surface, the pushing surface comprises a plane and a first inclined surface which are mutually connected, the plane is close to the second side wall, and the first inclined surface is close to the third side wall;
the abutting part is provided with an abutting surface, the abutting surface is in mutual contact with the pushing surface, and the abutting surface is a second inclined surface.
2. The drawer assembly of claim 1, wherein the trigger moves in the first through hole when a force is applied to press the trigger, the abutting portion abuts against the abutting portion, the first inclined surface guides the second inclined surface, and the second inclined surface moves toward the third sidewall, so that the abutting portion drives the connecting portion and the hook to move toward the third sidewall, the hook moves out of the second through hole, and the elastic member is compressed to be in a compressed state; removing the acting force, and restoring the elastic element from the compressed state to the extended state to provide elastic force to push the connecting part, so that the hook enters the second through hole and extends out of the second through hole; the hook extends out of the second through hole to be matched with the clamping hole of the drawer, the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a locked state, the hook moves out of the second through hole, the hook is separated from the clamping hole of the drawer, and the sliding rail assembly and the drawer are in a separated state.
3. The drawer assembly of claim 1, wherein the triggering structure further comprises an auxiliary structure disposed adjacent to the pushing portion and extending toward the top of the fixing frame, the auxiliary structure comprising an auxiliary shaft protruding from a surface of the auxiliary structure and extending in a direction away from the first sidewall, and an elastic auxiliary member sleeved on the auxiliary shaft.
4. The drawer assembly of claim 3, wherein the fixing frame further comprises a limiting portion disposed at an inner side of the top portion, the auxiliary structure being received in the limiting portion.
5. The drawer assembly of claim 4, wherein the limiting portion is a semi-circular structure, and the auxiliary structure is received in a recess of the semi-circular structure.
6. The drawer assembly of claim 1, further comprising a sliding block and a sliding slot, wherein the sliding slot is disposed on the second side of the first sidewall, the sliding block is disposed on the connecting portion and extends toward the first sidewall, the sliding block is received in the sliding slot, and the sliding block moves linearly in the sliding slot such that the hook moves linearly in the second through hole.
7. The drawer assembly of claim 1, further comprising a first protrusion and a second protrusion opposite to each other, wherein the first protrusion is disposed on a surface of the third sidewall facing the second sidewall, the second protrusion is disposed on a surface of the connecting portion facing the third sidewall, one end of the elastic member is disposed on the first protrusion, and the other end of the elastic member is disposed on the second protrusion.
8. A refrigerator comprising the drawer assembly of any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN201811190138.7A 2018-10-12 2018-10-12 Drawer assembly and refrigerator with same Active CN109696033B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101564243A (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-28 川湖科技股份有限公司 Fixing device for drawer and drawer runner
CN202269656U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-06-13 广东泰明金属制品有限公司 Quick assembling mechanism for drawer and slide rail
CN203354018U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-12-25 广东东荣金属制品有限公司 Two-section type quick-mounted and quick-dismounted drawer slide rail
JP2015139634A (en) * 2014-01-30 2015-08-03 株式会社イトーキ Furniture with top board
CN205125582U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-04-06 伍志勇 Furniture drawer and sliding rail set spare stabilize assembly devices
CN108180695A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-06-19 无锡海达尔精密滑轨股份有限公司 A kind of mounting connection structure of drawer sliding rail

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101564243A (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-28 川湖科技股份有限公司 Fixing device for drawer and drawer runner
CN202269656U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-06-13 广东泰明金属制品有限公司 Quick assembling mechanism for drawer and slide rail
CN203354018U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-12-25 广东东荣金属制品有限公司 Two-section type quick-mounted and quick-dismounted drawer slide rail
JP2015139634A (en) * 2014-01-30 2015-08-03 株式会社イトーキ Furniture with top board
CN205125582U (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-04-06 伍志勇 Furniture drawer and sliding rail set spare stabilize assembly devices
CN108180695A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-06-19 无锡海达尔精密滑轨股份有限公司 A kind of mounting connection structure of drawer sliding rail

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