CN109695292A - A kind of building frame construction - Google Patents

A kind of building frame construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109695292A
CN109695292A CN201711003163.5A CN201711003163A CN109695292A CN 109695292 A CN109695292 A CN 109695292A CN 201711003163 A CN201711003163 A CN 201711003163A CN 109695292 A CN109695292 A CN 109695292A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
concrete column
prefabricated concrete
building
screw shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711003163.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘阳
曾淑飞
马皓阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suizhou Vocational and Technical College
Original Assignee
Suizhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suizhou Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Suizhou Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN201711003163.5A priority Critical patent/CN109695292A/en
Publication of CN109695292A publication Critical patent/CN109695292A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B1/1903Connecting nodes specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B2001/199Details of roofs, floors or walls supported by the framework
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B2001/1993Details of framework supporting structure, e.g. posts or walls

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building frame constructions, including several building foundations;The Prefabricated Concrete column being installed on each building foundation;The multiple single span floors being set on Prefabricated Concrete column;Each single span floor includes the Vierendeel girder being mounted on Prefabricated Concrete column and the superimposed sheet that is fixed on Vierendeel girder;Vierendeel girder includes main frame beam and secondary frame beam;Main frame beam and secondary frame beam are separately mounted on four adjacent Prefabricated Concrete columns.Prefabricated Concrete column of the invention is fixed on the ground by building foundation, while improving installation effectiveness so that superimposed sheet is more easy to install using the support completed to superimposed sheet of building of main frame beam, secondary frame beam and secondary beam;Present invention optimizes the connection types between beam column simultaneously, are connected as one by built-in reinforcing bar by the screw shell of opposite side, and make the connection of Prefabricated Concrete column and Vierendeel girder more stable.

Description

A kind of building frame construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, and in particular to a kind of prefabrication frame structure and its Construction method.
Background technique
In existing building frame, beam-column connection is one of important content of its Architectural Structure Design, beam-to-column joint Node is the significant points for transmitting bending moment and shearing, directly affects the overall performance and coupled component under structure loaded condition Load-carrying properties.
In traditional fabric structure, such as by reinforced concrete-bar net and it is equipped with the molding structure of concrete casting, it can be with Meet the needs that building uses to a certain extent;Another kind is assembled, i.e., is carried out using prefabricated structural column and precast beam Assembly uses.In the actual implementation process, contain number of drawbacks in the prior art, such as the construction time is long, beam-to-column joint it is steady Qualitative difference, a large amount of support devices are left after construction not can be recycled.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of prefabricated assembled building frame constructions.
In order to achieve the above object, providing a kind of building frame construction in one embodiment of the present of invention, comprising:
Several building foundations;
The Prefabricated Concrete column being installed on each building foundation;
The multiple single span floors being set on Prefabricated Concrete column;
Each single span floor includes the Vierendeel girder being mounted on Prefabricated Concrete column and the superimposed sheet that is fixed on Vierendeel girder;Vierendeel girder Including main frame beam and secondary frame beam, secondary beam is provided on main frame beam;Main frame beam and secondary frame beam are separately mounted to adjacent Four Prefabricated Concrete columns on.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: building foundation is cup-shaped foundation.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: building foundation rectangular array arrangement.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: two single span building of the single span first floor and two floor of single span are provided on Prefabricated Concrete column Layer.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: the both ends of secondary beam are fixed on main frame beam.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: the mode that Prefabricated Concrete column is connect with main frame beam or secondary frame beam are as follows:
The connecting portion upper end of Prefabricated Concrete column and main frame beam or secondary frame beam is equipped with screw shell on one group, and lower end is equipped with one The lower screw shell of group;The upper screw shell and lower screw shell for being located at opposite side with group are by being built in the built-in steel of Prefabricated Concrete column Muscle connection;
The lower end of main frame beam and secondary frame beam is equipped with reserving hole channel, is embedded in the connection reinforcing bar and lower thread bush of reserving hole channel Cylinder connection;The upper end of main frame beam and secondary frame beam is provided with the stiffener connecting with upper screw shell, in the stiffener It is placed in the concrete layer being cast on main frame beam or secondary frame beam;Reserving hole channel is after lower rebar is connect with column inner sleeve Fill high-strength mortar.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: the Prefabricated Concrete column outer wall between upper screw shell and lower screw shell is hair Face, and the gap between the hair side and main frame beam or secondary frame beam is connected by the wet seam arrangements of concrete.
One of prioritization scheme of the invention are as follows: Prefabricated Concrete column is equipped with the removable support for temporary support.
The invention also discloses a kind of construction methods of building frame construction, comprising the following steps:
(1), building foundation is set: suitable building foundation being selected according to design requirement, and is built according to design requirement setting fixation Build basis;
(2), Prefabricated Concrete column is installed: Prefabricated Concrete column being mounted on building foundation and is fixed, one is arranged on each building foundation in advance Concrete column processed;
(3), build the single span first floor: between adjacent four Prefabricated Concrete columns by two main frame beams, two secondary frame beams and Several secondary beams being mounted on main frame beam build the frame structure to form rectangle;Then superimposed sheet is installed in frame structure Make to form the single span first floor in Vierendeel girder;
(4), two layers of single span are built: same using the single span first floor is built above the single span first floor after the single span first floor is built Method builds two layers of single span;
(5), build full single span layer: the method for using step (3) and step (4) builds the single span first floor on all Prefabricated Concrete columns With two layers of single span;And all single span first floors are located on the same floor face, two layers of all single spans are located on the same floor face.
Preferably, when building foundation uses isolated footing in step (1), isolated footing is arranged in square according to design requirement Shape array.
In conclusion the invention has the following advantages that
Prefabricated Concrete column of the invention is fixed on the ground by building foundation, while using main frame beam, secondary frame beam and secondary beam Build and complete support to superimposed sheet and improve installation effectiveness so that superimposed sheet is more easy to install;The utility model is excellent simultaneously The connection type between beam column is changed, has been connected as one by built-in reinforcing bar by the screw shell of opposite side, and make Prefabricated Concrete column It is more stable with the connection of Vierendeel girder, while the reinforcing screw shell configured can be easily installed dismountable supporting element, it can be with For the temporary support to Vierendeel girder, can be reused, save the cost with disassembly & recycling after use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that Prefabricated Concrete column is mounted on the schematic diagram on building foundation in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view that first group of single span first floor is completed in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of Vierendeel girder on the single span first floor in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the Vierendeel girder scheme of installation containing the single span first floor and two layers of single span in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the overall schematic containing the single span first floor and two layers of single span in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that two groups of single span first floors and two layers of single span are installed in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is that the multiple groups single span first floor and two layers of single span of schematic diagram are installed in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention beam-column connection;
Fig. 9 is the cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the invention beam-column connection;
Figure 10 is that Prefabricated Concrete column is equipped with the accessory schematic diagram connecting with Vierendeel girder in one embodiment of the invention.
Wherein, 1, building foundation;2, Prefabricated Concrete column;3, the single span first floor;4, two layers of single span;5, Vierendeel girder;51, main frame Beam;52, secondary frame beam;53, secondary beam;6, superimposed sheet;7, upper screw shell;8, lower screw shell;91, built-in reinforcing bar;92, built-in Reinforcing bar;93, built-in reinforcing bar;10, reserving hole channel;11, reinforcing bar is connected;12, stiffener;13, concrete layer;14, mortar;15, Removable support;16, thread bush is reinforced.
Specific embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of building frame construction, including several building foundations 1, Prefabricated Concrete column 2 is mounted on building base On plinth 1, the present invention can preferably building foundation be cup-shaped foundation.The arrangement mode of building foundation determines installation form, such as When building foundation uses isolated footing, isolated footing is arranged in rectangular array according to design requirement.
When preferably building foundation rectangular array is arranged, as shown in Figure 1, rectangular array arrangement refers to each building foundation It can regard as and be arranged in a right angle electrical of rectangle;Building foundation that structure is arranged into a rectangular array present horizontal distribution and Vertical distribution.
Prefabricated Concrete column 2 is formed using concreting, and a Prefabricated Concrete column is installed on each cup-shaped foundation;Prefabricated Concrete column As the mounting body and supportive body of Vierendeel girder 5, the structure that is used to cooperate Vierendeel girder and superimposed sheet 6 to constitute single span floor It builds.
For two single span floors to be installed on Prefabricated Concrete column, that is, the single span first floor 3 and two layer 4 of single span are installed;Single span is first The absolute altitude of layer is lower than two layers of single span.Each single span floor includes the Vierendeel girder being mounted on Prefabricated Concrete column, is mounted on main frame beam On secondary beam and the superimposed sheet that is fixed on secondary frame beam and secondary beam.Vierendeel girder includes main frame beam 51 and secondary frame beam 52, The both ends of secondary beam 53 are mounted on main frame beam 51;Main frame beam and secondary frame beam are separately mounted to four adjacent Prefabricated Concrete columns On;Superimposed sheet is able to fixation by the carrying of secondary beam and secondary frame beam and forms single span layer.
In order to improve the connective stability between beam column, Prefabricated Concrete column of the present invention is connect with main frame beam or secondary frame beam Mode are as follows:
The connecting portion upper end of Prefabricated Concrete column and main frame beam or secondary frame beam is equipped with screw shell 7 on one group, and lower end is equipped with one The lower screw shell 8 of group;The upper screw shell and lower screw shell for being located at opposite side with group are by being built in the built-in steel of Prefabricated Concrete column Muscle connection.
The lower end of main frame beam and secondary frame beam is equipped with reserving hole channel 10, is embedded in the connection reinforcing bar 11 of reserving hole channel under Screw shell connection;The upper end of main frame beam and secondary frame beam is provided with the stiffener 12 connecting with upper screw shell, should add Strong reinforcing bar is built in the concrete layer 13 being cast on main frame beam or secondary frame beam;Reserving hole channel is in lower rebar and column inner sleeve High-strength mortar 14 is filled after cylinder connection.
Further, the Prefabricated Concrete column outer wall between upper screw shell and lower screw shell is hair side, and the hair side The gap later period between main frame beam or secondary frame beam carries out wet seam connection with concrete.Further, Prefabricated Concrete column It is equipped with the removable support 15 for temporary support.
Prefabricated Concrete column of the invention can be cuboid, and tool is there are four side, and the side each contacted with beam is by drawing Hair processing forms hair side, is conducive to increase contact area.Applying man-hour requirement connection framework beam on four sides, including master Vierendeel girder and secondary frame beam.
In the specific implementation, three row's threaded sleeves can be equipped in each side of Prefabricated Concrete column, including insertion is fixed Screw shell on a row inside the Prefabricated Concrete column for cooperate with stiffener, for connect spiral shell under the row that reinforcing bar cooperates Line sleeve and reinforcing screw shell 16 for fixing removable support, the preferred steel corbel of removable support pass through bolt It is fixed on and is reinforced on screw shell with nut.
Upper screw shell and lower screw shell are straight screw sleeve, and good connection effect can be played with reinforcing bar, are reinforced Screw shell is tapered thread sleeve, easy to disassemble can be reused;The junction of bolt and removable support is equipped with flat Gasket and elastomeric pad.The installation site of upper screw shell is higher than lower screw shell, and the installation site of lower screw shell, which is higher than, to be added Gu screw shell.
With reference to Figure 10, in Prefabricated Concrete column casting process, one row is installed in predeterminated position in advance and is set a roof beam in place for fixed frame The upper screw shell at end, a row set a roof beam in place the lower screw shell of lower end for fixed frame, and a row is for fixing removable support Screw shell is reinforced, and same plane is located at the upper screw shell, lower screw shell and reinforcing screw shell difference of opposite side first The steel mesh to form intersection is connected using built-in reinforcing bar, then casting concrete forms Prefabricated Concrete column again.
According to above-mentioned building frame construction, the invention discloses the construction methods of the building frame construction, including following step It is rapid:
(1), building foundation is set: suitable building foundation being selected according to design requirement, and is built according to design requirement setting fixation Build the rectangular array in basis;
(2), Prefabricated Concrete column is installed: Prefabricated Concrete column being mounted on building foundation and is fixed, when selecting cup-shaped foundation, Mei Gejian A Prefabricated Concrete column can be set on the basis of building;
(3), build the single span first floor: between adjacent four Prefabricated Concrete columns by two main frame beams, two secondary frame beams and Several secondary beams being mounted on main frame beam build the frame structure to form rectangle;Then superimposed sheet is installed in frame structure Make to form the single span first floor in Vierendeel girder;
(4), two layers of single span are built: as shown in figure 5, after the single span first floor is built, using building single span above the single span first floor The same method of the first floor builds two layers of single span.
(5), full single span layer is built: as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the only one group of single span built in step (3) and step (4) Floor is not built on remaining Prefabricated Concrete column completely and is finished, therefore the method that can use step (3) and step (4), all pre- The single span first floor and two layers of single span are built on concrete column processed;And all single span first floors are located on the same floor face, two layers of all single spans are located at together One level.
For the better implementation present invention, the present invention provides the Joining Technologies of a bean column node, comprising the following steps:
(1) Prefabricated Concrete column first, as shown in figure 8, disposing three row's screw shells in Prefabricated Concrete column in advance.It is poured in Prefabricated Concrete column In the process, one row is installed in predeterminated position in advance to set a roof beam in place the upper screw shell of upper end for fixed frame, a row is used for fixed frame The lower screw shell of beam lower end, a row are used to fix the reinforcing screw shell of removable support, and same plane is located at pair The upper screw shell of side, lower screw shell and screw shell is reinforced respectively first using built-in reinforcing bar 91, built-in reinforcing bar 92 and built-in Reinforcing bar 93 connects and forms the steel mesh of intersection, and then casting concrete forms Prefabricated Concrete column again;And to Prefabricated Concrete column and frame The outer wall position of beam junction carries out hair pulling treatment.
Specifically, being placed on column after screw shell being connect with built-in reinforcing bar according to installation height position, so It is embedded in screw shell in Prefabricated Concrete column in casting concrete afterwards.The preferred straight thread of the screw shell being embedded in Prefabricated Concrete column Screw shell includes 2~4 straight screw sleeves under sleeve, the upper screw shell of every row and every row;It includes 2 that every row, which reinforces screw shell, ~4 taper thread sleeves.
(2) the lower end reserving hole channel of Vierendeel girder 2, as shown in figure 9, connection reinforcing bar is inserted into inside reserving hole channel.It is connecting It is that rotation connection reinforcing bar is threadedly coupled with lower screw shell when lower screw shell and connection reinforcing bar, operator uses spanner Or pliers clamps connection reinforcing bar, constantly rotation with lower screw shell so that be threadedly coupled.
Some supporting ribs are provided between the stiffener and Vierendeel girder that Vierendeel girder upper end is laid with, beam top connects reinforcing bar One end is connect with upper screw shell.Vierendeel girder is lifted into holding level on removable support steel corbel, and removable support rises It is acted on to temporary support, and keeps gap between Vierendeel girder and Prefabricated Concrete column, gap can be 5cm~10cm, stretch convenient for worker Enter spanner or pliers operation.
(3) it is fixed on after connecting stiffener with upper screw shell on Prefabricated Concrete column, by connection reinforcing bar and lower thread bush It is fixed on Prefabricated Concrete column after cylinder connection, is fixed on Prefabricated Concrete column after removable support is connect with reinforcing screw shell, Wherein connection reinforcing bar is located at below stiffener, and removable support is located at below connection reinforcing bar;Removable support is to pass through Bolt, nut cooperation are fixed on the steel corbel reinforced on thread bush.
(4) it is filled using high-intensitive mortar to reserving hole channel, high-intensitive mortar is poured into Vierendeel girder lower part and pre- It boxes out adjacent position, about at the one third position of Vierendeel girder lower part.
(5) after connecting between contiguous prefabricated concrete column using Vierendeel girder, prefabricated board is placed on Vierendeel girder and using mixed Solidifying soil carries out beam slab overlapping layers and pours, and completes wet seam connection.When the bonding strength of Vierendeel girder and Prefabricated Concrete column reaches design by force Supporting element is removed after degree and is recycled.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of building frame construction characterized by comprising several building foundations;It is installed on pre- on each building foundation Concrete column processed;The multiple single span floors being set on Prefabricated Concrete column;Each single span floor includes the frame being mounted on Prefabricated Concrete column Beam and the superimposed sheet being fixed on Vierendeel girder;The Vierendeel girder includes main frame beam and secondary frame beam, is set on the main frame beam It is equipped with secondary beam;The main frame beam and secondary frame beam are separately mounted on four adjacent Prefabricated Concrete columns, and the building foundation is Cup-shaped foundation, the building foundation rectangular array arrangement.
2. building frame construction as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided on the Prefabricated Concrete column single span first floor and Two layers of two single span floor of single span.
3. building frame construction as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: main frame beam is fixed at the both ends of the secondary beam On.
4. building frame construction as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the Prefabricated Concrete column and main frame beam or secondary frame The mode of beam connection are as follows: the connecting portion upper end of the Prefabricated Concrete column and main frame beam or secondary frame beam is equipped with thread bush on one group Cylinder, lower end are equipped with screw shell under one group;It is prefabricated by being built in positioned at the upper screw shell of opposite side and lower screw shell with group The built-in reinforcing bar of concrete column connects;The lower end of the main frame beam and secondary frame beam is equipped with reserving hole channel, is embedded in reserving hole channel Connection reinforcing bar is connect with lower screw shell;The upper end of the main frame beam and secondary frame beam is provided with to be connect with upper screw shell Stiffener, which is built in the concrete layer being cast on main frame beam or secondary frame beam;The reserving hole channel High-strength mortar is filled after lower rebar is connect with column inner sleeve.
5. building frame construction as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: between the upper screw shell and lower screw shell Prefabricated Concrete column outer wall be hair side, and the gap between the hair side and main frame beam or secondary frame beam is connect by the way that concrete is wet Seam mode connects.
6. building frame construction as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the Prefabricated Concrete column is equipped with for temporarily propping up The removable support of support.
CN201711003163.5A 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of building frame construction Pending CN109695292A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711003163.5A CN109695292A (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of building frame construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711003163.5A CN109695292A (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of building frame construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109695292A true CN109695292A (en) 2019-04-30

Family

ID=66227953

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711003163.5A Pending CN109695292A (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of building frame construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109695292A (en)

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Application publication date: 20190430