CN109692670A - A kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material and preparation method thereof, cigarette filter - Google Patents

A kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material and preparation method thereof, cigarette filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109692670A
CN109692670A CN201811638485.1A CN201811638485A CN109692670A CN 109692670 A CN109692670 A CN 109692670A CN 201811638485 A CN201811638485 A CN 201811638485A CN 109692670 A CN109692670 A CN 109692670A
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China
Prior art keywords
cigarette filter
response type
temperature response
porous resin
type cigarette
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CN201811638485.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙学辉
聂聪
王宏伟
田海英
付瑜峰
孙培健
杨松
谢冰
张晓兵
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Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC
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Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC
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Priority to CN201811638485.1A priority Critical patent/CN109692670A/en
Publication of CN109692670A publication Critical patent/CN109692670A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/22Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising organic material
    • B01J20/26Synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Filters specially adapted for simulated smoking devices; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/14Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of organic materials as additive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F220/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical or a salt, anhydride ester, amide, imide or nitrile thereof
    • C08F220/02Monocarboxylic acids having less than ten carbon atoms; Derivatives thereof
    • C08F220/10Esters
    • C08F220/12Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols
    • C08F220/16Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols of phenols or of alcohols containing two or more carbon atoms
    • C08F220/18Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols of phenols or of alcohols containing two or more carbon atoms with acrylic or methacrylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F8/00Chemical modification by after-treatment
    • C08F8/30Introducing nitrogen atoms or nitrogen-containing groups
    • C08F8/32Introducing nitrogen atoms or nitrogen-containing groups by reaction with amines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/40Nitrogen compounds
    • B01D2257/408Cyanides, e.g. hydrogen cyanide (HCH)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional materials and preparation method thereof, cigarette filter.The preparation of the temperature response type cigarette filter functional material includes: that polyacrylate porous resin 1) is carried out ammoxidation, and amination polyacrylate porous resin is made;2) by amination polyacrylate porous resin obtained by step 1) and heat discoloration agent be uniformly mixed in a solvent to get.The cigarette filter functional material that this method obtains is while with apparent color changeable effect, cooperate amino-functional group by the porous structure of material itself, enhance the effect of the selective absorption to volatile carbonyl compound in flue gas and hydrogen cyanide, the burst size that can effectively reduce such harmful components in flue gas keeps the drop evil effect of cigarette more prominent.

Description

A kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material and preparation method thereof, cigarette filter
Technical field
The invention belongs to cigarette filter field of functional materials, and in particular to a kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material And preparation method thereof, cigarette filter.
Background technique
The component part indispensable as cigarette product, (cigarette paper, forming paper, filter stick, adds tipping paper smoking material Add agent and packaging material etc.) it is not only to determine the key factor of cigarette product quality, cigarette product is even more pushed to reform and innovate, Fast-developing key element.The wound of important breakthrough and leap and smoking material in tobacco business and tobacco product development course It is newly inseparable with application.
The application of filter material brings the appearance of filter tip cigarette, has effectively pushed the epoch-making leap of cigarette product;Cigarette material The application for expecting ventilation dilution technology and additive technology, further promotes the hair of low tar and low harmful components burst size cigarette Exhibition alleviates the contradiction of smoking and health to a certain degree;The application of smoking material flavoring technology and structure-design technique, derives The cigarette product of different-style feature, different external appearance characteristics, meets the different demands in market, has led the consumption tide in market Stream.Therefore, smoking material is always technical field that is particularly important in tobacco business technological innovation and paying much attention to for a long time, It is the point of penetration that cigarette product innovates the most key core the most.
An important component of the cigarette filter as cigarette, can retain, adsorbs, removes or dilute and come from Ye Zuduan Main flume, the harmful components in cigarette mainstream flue gas are effectively reduced, have become the breakthrough of cigarette harm-reducing technological innovation at present Mouthful.Notification number is that the Chinese patent of CN204653767U discloses a kind of filter during the smoking process with warning function Mouth offers hollow cavity in the aspiration end of the filter tip, is equipped with one layer of irreversible heat discoloration in the inner surface of the hollow cavity Coat of colo(u)r, heat discoloration coat of colo(u)r are colorless layer at normal temperature, become black during the smoking process, to play certain Warning function.
Changeable colour cigarette filter can realize the variation of color during the smoking process, can play police in different occasions Show, increase a variety of effects such as perception, anti-fake, existing cigarette filter is while paying close attention to changeable colour function, cigarette filter itself Filtering, drop evil effect it is still not satisfactory, cause hydrogen cyanide in flue gas, volatile carbonyl compound etc. unrelated with cigarette flavor Harmful components are not directly sucked person's absorption, this can cause larger harm to the health of smoker.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation methods of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, existing to solve There is cigarette filter material to the problem of the adsorption capacity difference of the harmful components in flue gas.
Second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, to solve existing volume Problem of the cigarette filter tip material to the adsorption capacity difference of the harmful components in flue gas.
Third object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cigarette filter, cannot be effectively reduced with solving existing cigarette filter The problem of harmful ingredients in flue gas burst size.
To achieve the above object, technical solution used by temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention is:
A kind of preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, comprising the following steps:
1) polyacrylate porous resin is subjected to ammoxidation, amination polyacrylate porous resin is made;
2) amination polyacrylate porous resin obtained by step 1) is uniformly mixed in a solvent with heat discoloration agent, i.e., ?.
The preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material provided by the invention, by porous to polyacrylate Resin progress is amination modified, makes the surface of polyacrylate porous resin rich in amino-functional group, then recycles temperature-sensitive The discoloration of material during cigarette smoking is realized in the absorption of colour-changing agent;The cigarette filter functional material that this method obtains is with bright While aobvious color changeable effect, amino-functional group is cooperated by the porous structure of material itself, enhances and volatilizees in flue gas Property carbonyls and hydrogen cyanide selective absorption effect, can effectively reduce the burst size of such harmful components in flue gas, make The drop evil effect of cigarette is more prominent.
Polyacrylate porous resin can be used the prior art and be prepared, to tie the hole of polyacrylate porous resin Structure is more suitable for using in cigarette filter, obtained in the case where not influencing vapour lock to volatile carbonyl compound and hydrogen cyanide compared with Good adsorption effect, it is preferred that in step 1), the polyacrylate porous resin is made by method comprising the following steps: Acrylate monomer, crosslinking agent, pore-foaming agent, initiator are uniformly mixed, oily phase is obtained;Dispersing agent, water are uniformly mixed, obtained Water phase;By oil be mutually scattered in water phase, progress suspension polymerization to get.
For reduce monomer cost, convenient for the control of polymerization process, it is preferred that the structural formula of the acrylate monomer Are as follows:
Wherein, R1Selected from H ,-CH3, R2Selected from-OCH3、-OCH2CH3、-OCH2CH2CH3、-OCH(CHCH3)2
To improve the amination modified effect of Polypropionate porous resin convenient for amination modified progress, it is preferred that step It is rapid 1) in, the ammoxidation is to mix Polypropionate porous resin with amination reagent, be swollen 8-12h, then in 80- React 6-12h at 140 DEG C, then it is washed, dry to get.
For the load fastness for further increasing heat discoloration agent, it is preferred that in step 2), described be uniformly mixed is by ammonia Base polyacrylate porous resin is added in the ethanol water of heat discoloration agent, in 20-50 DEG C of stirring 2-8h.
For the Load Balanced for further increasing heat discoloration agent, it is preferred that the ethanol water of the heat discoloration agent Mass fraction be 0.02-0.05%.
For the load efficiency for further increasing heat discoloration agent, load cost is reduced, it is preferred that the amination polypropylene The mass ratio of acid esters porous resin and the ethanol water of heat discoloration agent is 1:(2-5).
Technical solution used by temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention is:
A kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, is made by method comprising the following steps:
1) polyacrylate porous resin is subjected to ammoxidation, amination polyacrylate porous resin is made;
2) amination polyacrylate porous resin obtained by step 1) is uniformly mixed in a solvent with heat discoloration agent, i.e., ?.
Temperature response type cigarette filter functional material provided by the invention, to volatile carbonyl compound in main flume and The selective adsorption capacity of the harmful components such as hydrogen cyanide is strong, can be effectively reduced the burst size of such harmful components, reduces flue gas Stimulation promotes product sensory quality;Meanwhile flue gas is when flowing through the functional material, it may occur that apparent discoloration variation can make It is made changeable colour filter tip, makes consumer that can perceive the section that product is contained by the variation of material color in aspiration procedure Skill content.
The optimal technical scheme of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material and above-mentioned temperature response type cigarette filter function The optimal technical scheme of the preparation method of material is identical, and this will not be detailed here.
Technical solution used by cigarette filter of the invention is:
A kind of cigarette filter, including above-mentioned temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, the temperature response type cigarette filter The additive amount of mouth functional material is 20-80mg.
Cigarette filter provided by the invention, alternative reduce volatile carbonyl compound and hydrogen cyanide etc. in main flume The burst size of harmful components reduces flue gas stimulation;Meanwhile can by the temperature response type cigarette filter functional material using it is transparent at Shape paper wrapper, during the smoking process, functional material can occur obviously to change colour;The comprehensive drop evil for realizing cigarette and cigarette filter Discoloration can effectively improve the scientific and technological content of cigarette, promote the organoleptic quality of cigarette.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is mainly by amination modified, heat discoloration agent the load to Polypropionate porous resin come simultaneously Realize the effect of cigarette harm-reducing and discoloration.
As adjusting the polymerization technique parameter partial size of Polypropionate porous resin, aperture, BET specific surface area to obtained by It is adjusted, so as to make the suction-operated of strengthening of pore structure become the leading factor of gas cleaning.The porous tree of Polypropionate In the preparation process of rouge, polyvinyl alcohol or other dispersing agent product of acrylate suspension polymerisation field are may be selected in the dispersing agent of water phase Kind;Mass fraction of the polyvinyl alcohol in water phase is controllable to 0.5-2%.
Selected acrylic ester monomer still has certain solubility in water, and sodium chloride, which is added, can reduce polymerized monomer Solubility in water phase reduces loss, and is conducive to obtain the more regular controllable polymerizate of sphericity and pore structure.Chlorine Change mass fraction of the sodium in water phase and is controllable to 5-12%.
In oily phase, azodiisobutyronitrile or other initiator kinds of acrylate suspension polymerisation field are may be selected in initiator, Preferably azodiisobutyronitrile, azodiisobutyronitrile accounts for monomer and the ratio of crosslinking agent gross mass is controllable to 0.5-2%.Crosslinking Divinylbenzene, bisacrylamide or acrylate suspension polymerisation field other crosslinking agent kinds, preferably diethyl may be selected in agent Alkenyl benzene.
It can be realized by parameters such as the apertures of adjusting Polypropionate porous resin to harmful ingredients in flue gas adsorption effect It adjusts, is adjusted for convenience of the pore-creating of functional material and hole, facilitate and obtain the stable polymerizate of performance, it is preferred that the pore Agent is at least one of atoleine, petroleum ether, n-hexane, toluene, gasoline.
To obtain the good Polypropionate porous resin of partial size, Pore Diameter Specific Surface consistency, so as to further Strengthening Hole Adsorption effect, it is preferred that the mass ratio of the crosslinking agent and acrylate monomer be 1:(1-4), the pore-foaming agent and propylene The mass ratio of acid ester monomer is (1-2.5): 1.Under aforementioned proportion, consistent, regular intercommunicating pore structure is advantageously formed, thus Absorption and the good polymerizate of permeability can be obtained.
In order to control, polymerization process is uniform, stablizes progress, it is preferred that and the temperature of the polymerization reaction is 55-75 DEG C, Polymerization reaction time is 10-14h.
Further to strengthen the selective absorption to volatile carbonyl compound in cigarette mainstream flue gas, lower such nocuousness The burst size of ingredient, it is preferred that in step 1), the partial size of the Polypropionate porous resin is 0.8-1.7mm, and average pore size is 15-25nm, BET specific surface area 40-100m2/g。
Heat discoloration agent involved in following embodiment is commercially available conventional raw material.
Embodiments of the present invention are described further combined with specific embodiments below.
The preparation method embodiment 1 of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention, using following steps:
1) by polyvinyl alcohol 1788 in water sufficiently swelling, then it is heated dissolve it sufficiently, obtain poly-vinyl alcohol solution, Sodium chloride dissolution is added into poly-vinyl alcohol solution, obtains water phase;In water phase, the mass fraction of polyvinyl alcohol is 0.65, chlorination The mass fraction of sodium is 7%;
Divinylbenzene, ethyl acrylate, atoleine 30:70:150 in mass ratio are uniformly mixed, is then added and draws Hair agent azodiisobutyronitrile (azodiisobutyronitrile account for ethyl acrylate and divinylbenzene gross mass 2%) is uniformly mixed, and is obtained To oily phase;
Water phase is added in the 250ml there-necked flask equipped with blender, reflux condensing tube and thermometer, is warming up to 40 DEG C, stirs The oily phase of lower addition is mixed, oil is mutually and the mass ratio of water phase is 1:4, suspends at (60 ± 2) DEG C under the mixing speed of 200r/min It polymerize 12h.After polymerization reaction, pore-foaming agent is removed using ethanol washing, is washed with water and washs into cleaning solution without ethyl alcohol residual, Sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is obtained after drying, screening.The partial size of the sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is 0.8- 1.4mm, average pore size 20nm, BET specific surface area 80m2/g。
2) sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is placed in excessive ethylenediamine, is swollen 8h, is then reacted at 120 DEG C 10h is washed to neutrality after reaction, is drying to obtain the spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white.The spherical ammonification of white Partial size, average pore size and the BET specific surface area of polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin have no significant change.
3) by 45 DEG C of color-change powders of purple-rhodo variation (being purchased from thousand discoloration new material Co., Ltd of Dongguan City) and ethanol water Solution is configured to the heat discoloration liquid that mass fraction is 0.3%;Ethanol water by second alcohol and water by volume 5:95 mixing and At;
The spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white obtained by step 2) is added in heat discoloration liquid, white ball is controlled It is 1:3 that shape ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate, which adsorbs resin and the mass ratio of heat discoloration liquid, filtering, washing after mechanical stirring 6h, then Dry 6h, obtains the temperature response type electrochromic particles of lightpink in 40 DEG C of baking oven;The grain of the temperature response type electrochromic particles Diameter is 0.8-1.4mm, average pore size 20nm, BET specific surface area 80m2/g。
The preparation method embodiment 2 of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention, using following steps:
1) by polyvinyl alcohol 1788 in water sufficiently swelling, then it is heated dissolve it sufficiently, obtain poly-vinyl alcohol solution, Sodium chloride dissolution is added into poly-vinyl alcohol solution, obtains water phase;In water phase, the mass fraction of polyvinyl alcohol is 1.5%, chlorination The mass fraction of sodium is 10%;
Divinylbenzene, methyl methacrylate, 120# gasoline 40:60:100 in mass ratio are uniformly mixed, then plus It is mixed to enter initiator azodiisobutyronitrile (azodiisobutyronitrile account for methyl methacrylate and divinylbenzene gross mass 1.5%) It closes uniformly, obtains oily phase;
Water phase is added in the 250ml there-necked flask equipped with blender, reflux condensing tube and thermometer, is warming up to 40 DEG C, stirs The oily phase of lower addition is mixed, oil is mutually and the mass ratio of water phase is 1:4.5, hangs at (60 ± 2) DEG C under the mixing speed of 180r/min Floating polymerization 12h.After polymerization reaction, using ethanol washing remove pore-foaming agent, be washed with water wash into cleaning solution it is residual without ethyl alcohol It stays, sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is obtained after drying, screening.The partial size of the sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is 1.0-1.4mm, average pore size 16nm, BET specific surface area 75m2/g。
2) sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is placed in excessive ethylenediamine, is swollen 8h, is then reacted at 140 DEG C 6h is washed to neutrality after reaction, is drying to obtain the spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white.The spherical ammonification of white is poly- Partial size, average pore size and the BET specific surface area for closing object porous adsorption resin have no significant change.
3) 502 color-change powders (brand: kellza/ Ke Liya) and ethanol water are configured to mass fraction is 0.5% Heat discoloration liquid;By second alcohol and water, 2:98 is mixed ethanol water by volume;
The spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white obtained by step 2) is added in heat discoloration liquid, white ball is controlled It is 1:2 that shape ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate, which adsorbs resin and the mass ratio of heat discoloration liquid, filtering, washing after mechanical stirring 6h, then Dry 6h, obtains the temperature response type electrochromic particles of crocus in 40 DEG C of baking oven;The grain of the temperature response type electrochromic particles Diameter is 1.0-1.4mm, average pore size 16nm, BET specific surface area 75m2/g。
The preparation method embodiment 3 of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention, using following steps:
1) by polyvinyl alcohol 1788 in water sufficiently swelling, then it is heated dissolve it sufficiently, obtain poly-vinyl alcohol solution, Sodium chloride dissolution is added into poly-vinyl alcohol solution, obtains water phase;In water phase, the mass fraction of polyvinyl alcohol is 1.2%, chlorination The mass fraction of sodium is 10%;
Divinylbenzene, ethyl methacrylate, atoleine, toluene 20:80:40:80 in mass ratio are uniformly mixed, Then initiator azodiisobutyronitrile is added, and (azodiisobutyronitrile accounts for ethyl methacrylate and divinylbenzene gross mass 1%) it is uniformly mixed, obtains oily phase;
Water phase is added in the 250ml there-necked flask equipped with blender, reflux condensing tube and thermometer, is warming up to 40 DEG C, stirs The oily phase of lower addition is mixed, oil is mutually and the mass ratio of water phase is 1:5, suspends at (60 ± 2) DEG C under the mixing speed of 160r/min It polymerize 12h.After polymerization reaction, pore-foaming agent is removed using ethanol washing, is washed with water and washs into cleaning solution without ethyl alcohol residual, Sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is obtained after drying, screening.The partial size of the sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is 1.4- 1.7mm, average pore size 22nm, BET specific surface area 72m2/g。
2) sphere polymers porous adsorption resin is placed in excessive ethylenediamine, is swollen 10h, it is then anti-at 120 DEG C 12h is answered, is washed to neutrality after reaction, is drying to obtain the spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white.The spherical ammonia of white Partial size, average pore size and the BET specific surface area of fluidized polymer porous adsorption resin have no significant change.
3) by 65 DEG C of color-change powders of dark blue-light blue variation (being purchased from thousand discoloration new material Co., Ltd of Dongguan City) and ethanol water Solution is configured to the heat discoloration liquid that mass fraction is 0.1%;Ethanol water by second alcohol and water by volume 8:92 mixing and At;
The spherical ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate absorption resin of white obtained by step 2) is added in heat discoloration liquid, white ball is controlled It is 1:5 that shape ammonification polyalcohol stephanoporate, which adsorbs resin and the mass ratio of heat discoloration liquid, filtering, washing after mechanical stirring 6h, then Dry 6h, obtains the temperature response type electrochromic particles of lightpink in 40 DEG C of baking oven;The grain of the temperature response type electrochromic particles Diameter is 1.4-1.7mm, average pore size 22nm, BET specific surface area 72m2/g。
Temperature response type cigarette filter functional material embodiment 1-3 of the invention respectively corresponds temperatures above response type volume Final product obtained by the preparation method embodiment 1-3 of cigarette filter tip functional material.
Cigarette filter embodiment 1 of the invention, the temperature that temperature response type cigarette filter functional material embodiment 1 is related to Response type electrochromic particles are added in the cavity for the Three-element composite filter core that transparent formed paper bag is wrapped up in, and are applied to by the additive amount of 40mg Cigarette product.
By cigarette filter embodiment 1, (Cigarettesize is circumference with the cigarette filter progress cigarette that compares of equivalent specifications The Virginian-type cigarette of 24.3mm, length 84mm) suction test, to the reducing effect such as following table of volatile carbonyl compound in flue gas Shown in 1.
Removal effect of the 1 cigarette filter embodiment 1 of table to harmful substances in flue gas
As shown in Table 1, which is 40% to the selective reduced rate of hydrogen cyanide in cigarette mainstream flue gas, volatility The selective reduced rate of carbonyls total amount is 30%;The irritation of cigarette smoke is obviously reduced;Filter tip is saturating in aspiration procedure Bright section of temperature response type electrochromic particles gradually become honey color by lightpink, have good visual effect.
Cigarette filter embodiment 2 of the invention, the temperature that temperature response type cigarette filter functional material embodiment 2 is related to Response type electrochromic particles are added in the cavity for the Three-element composite filter core that transparent formed paper bag is wrapped up in, and are applied to by the additive amount of 20mg Cigarette product.
By cigarette filter embodiment 2, (Cigarettesize is circumference with the cigarette filter progress cigarette that compares of equivalent specifications The Virginian-type cigarette of 24.3mm, length 84mm) suction test, to the reducing effect such as following table of volatile carbonyl compound in flue gas Shown in 2.
Removal effect of the 2 cigarette filter embodiment 2 of table to harmful substances in flue gas
As shown in Table 2, which is 30% to the selective reduced rate of hydrogen cyanide in cigarette mainstream flue gas, volatility The selective reduced rate of carbonyls total amount is 20%;The irritation of cigarette smoke is obviously reduced;Filter tip is saturating in aspiration procedure Bright section of temperature response type electrochromic particles gradually become orange by crocus, have good visual effect.
Cigarette filter embodiment 3 of the invention, the temperature that temperature response type cigarette filter functional material embodiment 3 is related to Response type electrochromic particles are added in the cavity for the Three-element composite filter core that transparent formed paper bag is wrapped up in, and are applied to by the additive amount of 60mg Cigarette product.
By cigarette filter embodiment 3, (Cigarettesize is circumference with the cigarette filter progress cigarette that compares of equivalent specifications The Virginian-type cigarette of 24.3mm, length 84mm) suction test, to the reducing effect such as following table of volatile carbonyl compound in flue gas Shown in 3.
Removal effect of the 3 cigarette filter embodiment 3 of table to harmful substances in flue gas
As shown in Table 3, which is 50% to the selective reduced rate of hydrogen cyanide in cigarette mainstream flue gas, volatility The selective reduced rate of carbonyls total amount is 40%;The irritation of cigarette smoke is obviously reduced;Filter tip is saturating in aspiration procedure Bright section of temperature response type electrochromic particles gradually become light yellow by light blue, have good visual effect.
In the other embodiments of the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material of the invention, suspension polymerisation Condition can be 55-75 DEG C in temperature, be adaptively adjusted in the range of polymerization time is 10-14h;Ammoxidation step The conditions such as rapid swelling time, reaction temperature, reaction time can be adaptively adjusted in the framework of the present definition, It can get and the comparable preferably implementation result of above embodiments.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, which comprises the following steps:
1) polyacrylate porous resin is subjected to ammoxidation, amination polyacrylate porous resin is made;
2) by amination polyacrylate porous resin obtained by step 1) and heat discoloration agent be uniformly mixed in a solvent to get.
2. the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that step 1) In, the polyacrylate porous resin is made by method comprising the following steps: by acrylate monomer, crosslinking agent, pore Agent, initiator are uniformly mixed, and obtain oily phase;Dispersing agent, water are uniformly mixed, water phase is obtained;It mutually disperses oil in water phase, into Row suspension polymerization to get.
3. the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that described third The structural formula of olefin(e) acid ester monomer are as follows:
Wherein, R1Selected from H ,-CH3, R2Selected from-OCH3、-OCH2CH3、-OCH2CH2CH3、-OCH(CHCH3)2
4. the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that step 1) In, the ammoxidation is to mix Polypropionate porous resin with amination reagent, 8-12h is swollen, then in 80-140 React 6-12h at DEG C, then it is washed, dry to get.
5. the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that step 2) In, described be uniformly mixed is amination polyacrylate porous resin to be added in the ethanol water of heat discoloration agent, in 20- 50 DEG C of stirring 2-8h.
6. the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the sense The mass fraction of the ethanol water of warm colour-changing agent is 0.02-0.05%.
7. such as the preparation method of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material described in claim 5 or 6, which is characterized in that institute The mass ratio for stating the ethanol water of amination polyacrylate porous resin and heat discoloration agent is 1:(2-5).
8. a kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material, which is characterized in that be made by method comprising the following steps:
1) polyacrylate porous resin is subjected to ammoxidation, amination polyacrylate porous resin is made;
2) by amination polyacrylate porous resin obtained by step 1) and heat discoloration agent be uniformly mixed in a solvent to get.
9. a kind of cigarette filter, which is characterized in that including temperature response type cigarette filter function material as claimed in claim 8 Material, the additive amount of the temperature response type cigarette filter functional material are 20-80mg.
CN201811638485.1A 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 A kind of temperature response type cigarette filter functional material and preparation method thereof, cigarette filter Pending CN109692670A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431519A (en) * 2013-08-29 2013-12-11 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Application of high content of epoxy group polyethylene glycidyl methacrylate interconnected porous materials in cigarettes
CN204653767U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-23 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of filter tip in cigarette smoking process with warning function
CN107286275A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-24 浙江大学 HCN and the amino resins of crotonaldehyde release amount and its preparation method and application in selectivity reducing cigarette fume
CN107286753A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-24 安徽集友纸业包装有限公司 Meet water color shifting ink, tipping paper and preparation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431519A (en) * 2013-08-29 2013-12-11 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Application of high content of epoxy group polyethylene glycidyl methacrylate interconnected porous materials in cigarettes
CN204653767U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-23 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of filter tip in cigarette smoking process with warning function
CN107286275A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-24 浙江大学 HCN and the amino resins of crotonaldehyde release amount and its preparation method and application in selectivity reducing cigarette fume
CN107286753A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-24 安徽集友纸业包装有限公司 Meet water color shifting ink, tipping paper and preparation method

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