CN109688173A - Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network - Google Patents

Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109688173A
CN109688173A CN201710969287.2A CN201710969287A CN109688173A CN 109688173 A CN109688173 A CN 109688173A CN 201710969287 A CN201710969287 A CN 201710969287A CN 109688173 A CN109688173 A CN 109688173A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
central node
node equipment
equipment
hoc network
things
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710969287.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张湘东
张文安
曾浩雄
黄泽龙
蔡海立
李洪波
李庆艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Telecom Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
China Telecom Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Telecom Corp Ltd filed Critical China Telecom Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201710969287.2A priority Critical patent/CN109688173A/en
Publication of CN109688173A publication Critical patent/CN109688173A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network.The Internet of things system includes server and at least one ad hoc network, the ad hoc network includes central node equipment and at least one sensing equipment, which includes: that central node equipment is acquired management to the data of each sensing equipment in ad hoc network where central node equipment;The data of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of place are reported to server by central node equipment.The present invention completes to be completed at the same time the data communication with backstage to the data capture management of multiple sensing equipments by the way that central node equipment is unified, to reduce system cost, simplifies equipment control, the availability of lifting system.

Description

Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network
Technical field
The present invention relates to internet of things field, in particular to a kind of Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment And ad hoc network.
Background technique
Internet of Things development in recent years is swift and violent, has been widely used for intelligent transportation at present, environmental protection, public safety, puts down It settles down the multiple fields such as residence, environmental monitoring, foodstuff traceability.Internet of Things acquires any need by various information sensing devices in real time The information of the various needs such as the object monitor, connect, interacted or process.To realize reporting for acquisition data, sensing equipment is needed To pass through GPRS (General Packet Radio Service, general packet radio service), Wifi (WIreless- Fidelity, Wireless Fidelity), the modes such as NB-IOT (Narrow Band Internet of Things, narrowband Internet of Things) with Background system is communicated.
There are still following some problems in practical extension process for existing Internet of Things scheme:
1, each sensing equipment requires to have independent communication module/memory module (for caching the number not reported According to), equipment cost and communications cost are all higher.
2, backstage needs to be directly connected to/manage numerous sensing equipments, and control is complicated, inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment And ad hoc network, Internet of things system is constructed by ad hoc network, running efficiency of system is improved, reduces construction cost.
According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of central node equipment is provided, the central node equipment and at least one Sensing equipment constitutes an ad hoc network, and server and at least one ad hoc network constitute an Internet of things system, in which:
Central node equipment acquires for realizing the data to each sensing equipment in ad hoc network where central node equipment The data communication with server is realized in management.
In one embodiment of the invention, central node equipment is also used to safeguard the central node equipment place from group The voluntarily access of each sensing equipment in netting.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment is preposition controller.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment passes through described in purple honeybee Zigbee network connection management Each sensing equipment where central node equipment in ad hoc network.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment by wireless communication mode and the server into Row communication.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of ad hoc network is provided, including the centromere as described in above-mentioned any embodiment Point device and at least one sensing equipment.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of Internet of things system, including server and at least one ad hoc network are provided, In, the ad hoc network is the ad hoc network as described in above-mentioned any embodiment.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of Internet of things system communication means is provided, wherein the Internet of things system packet Server and at least one ad hoc network are included, the ad hoc network includes central node equipment and at least one sensing equipment, the object Networked system communication means includes:
Central node equipment is acquired management to the data of each sensing equipment in ad hoc network where central node equipment;
The data of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of place are reported to server by central node equipment.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means further include:
Central node equipment receives the control instruction that server issues;
The control instruction that central node equipment is issued according to server controls corresponding sensing equipment in ad hoc network and carries out phase It should operate.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means further include:
Central node equipment safeguards the voluntarily access of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of the central node equipment place.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means further include:
Central node equipment passes through in the ad hoc network of the place of central node equipment described in purple honeybee Zigbee network connection management Each sensing equipment.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means further include:
Mode is communicated central node equipment with the server by wireless communication.
The present invention by the unified data capture management completed to multiple sensing equipments of central node equipment, be completed at the same time with The data communication on backstage simplifies equipment control, the availability of lifting system to reduce system cost.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of Internet of Things scheme one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of Internet of things system one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of Internet of things system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of Internet of things system communication means one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of Internet of things system communication means of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Below Description only actually at least one exemplary embodiment be it is illustrative, never as to the present invention and its application or make Any restrictions.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creative work premise Under every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, positioned opposite, the digital table of the component and step that otherwise illustrate in these embodiments It is not limited the scope of the invention up to formula and numerical value.
Simultaneously, it should be appreciated that for ease of description, the size of various pieces shown in attached drawing is not according to reality Proportionate relationship draw.
Technology, method and apparatus known to person of ordinary skill in the relevant may be not discussed in detail, but suitable In the case of, the technology, method and apparatus should be considered as authorizing part of specification.
It is shown here and discuss all examples in, any occurrence should be construed as merely illustratively, without It is as limitation.Therefore, the other examples of exemplary embodiment can have different values.
It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, then in subsequent attached drawing does not need that it is further discussed.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of Internet of Things scheme one embodiment.It is found by the applicant that: in Internet of Things scheme shown in Fig. 1, It has the following technical problems:
1, each sensing equipment directly passes through network and connect with system server.
2, each sensing equipment requires have communication module, for realizing the communication with background system.
3, because data communication may break down, each sensing module requires have data memory module, uses In caching monitoring data, uploaded again after restoring so as to equal network communications.
4, system server needs to safeguard the connection and control with a large amount of sensing equipments, and overhead is big, low efficiency.
Therefore, high for equipment cost existing for existing Internet of Things scheme/communications cost, system control complexity etc. is asked Topic, applicant propose the Internet of things system and its communication means of a kind of ad hoc network.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of Internet of things system one embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Fig. 2, the Internet of things system includes Server 1 and at least one ad hoc network 2.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment 21 can pass through the nothings such as GPRS, Wifi, NB-IOT Line communication mode is communicated with the server 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of Internet of things system of the present invention.As shown in figure 3, ad hoc network 2 shown in Fig. 2 can To include central node equipment 21 and at least one sensing equipment 22, in which:
Central node equipment 21, for realizing to each sensing equipment 22 in 21 place ad hoc network 2 of central node equipment Data capture management realizes the data communication with server 1.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment 21 as shown in Figure 3 can be implemented as preposition control Device processed.
In one embodiment of the invention, central node equipment 21 is also used to safeguard 21 place of central node equipment The voluntarily access of each sensing equipment 22 in ad hoc network 2.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment 21 can pass through purple honeybee Zigbee network connecting tube Manage each sensing equipment 22 in the 21 place ad hoc network 2 of central node equipment.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment 21 can pass through the nothings such as GPRS, Wifi, NB-IOT Line communication mode is communicated with server 1.
By the multiple sensing equipments of Zigbee network connection management in the above embodiment of the present invention, central node equipment is (preceding Set controller) it is responsible for the voluntarily access of maintenance sensing equipment.
Since Zigbee network has the features such as low-power consumption, ad hoc network, wireless transmission distance remote (tens to hundreds of meters).Cause The power consumption of sensing equipment can be greatly reduced in this above embodiment of the present invention, promote standby time (for non-transformer sensing equipment For).
The sensing equipment of the above embodiment of the present invention is not required to independent communication module, Zigbee module cost compared with communication module at This also greatly reduces.
In one embodiment of the invention, the central node equipment 21 includes data cache module, in data When communication failure, the data for not being reported to server are cached, are uploaded again after restoring so as to equal network communications.
Because Zigbee network is more stable compared with communication network, the data buffer storage of the above embodiment of the present invention can unify by Central node equipment (preposition controller) is realized, to reduce memory module cost on sensing equipment.
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 3, the Internet of things system can also include cell phone client 3, Wherein, cell phone client 3 obtains the monitoring information of sensing equipment 22 from server 1, and passes through server 1 and central node equipment 21 realize the control to sensing equipment 22.
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 3, the Internet of things system can also include GPRS, Wifi, The network equipments such as NB-IOT, the server 1 is used to realize by network equipments such as GPRS, Wifi, NB-IOT and central node The data communication of equipment 21.
Based on the Internet of things system that the above embodiment of the present invention provides, pass through Zigbee (ZigBee protocol) network implementations and more Sensing equipment in a short distance voluntarily networking (non-communicating net), is completed by central node equipment is unified to multiple sensing equipments Data capture management is completed at the same time the data communication with backstage, to reduce system cost, simplifies equipment control, is promoted The availability of system.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, system server only needs to safeguard connection and the pipe of a small amount of preposition controller equiment Reason, overhead is small, high-efficient.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, sensing equipment does not need configuration communication module and memory module, to substantially reduce Equipment cost.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of Internet of things system communication means one embodiment of the present invention.Preferably, the present embodiment can be by this Invention Internet of things system executes.Method includes the following steps:
Step 41, number of the central node equipment 21 to each sensing equipment 22 in 21 place ad hoc network 2 of central node equipment According to acquisition management.
Step 42, the data of sensing equipment 22 each in place ad hoc network 2 are reported to server by central node equipment 21 1。
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means can also include: central node equipment 21 pass through each sensing equipment 22 in 21 place ad hoc network 2 of central node equipment described in purple honeybee Zigbee network connection management.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means can also include: central node equipment The voluntarily access of each sensing equipment 22 in the 21 maintenance 21 place ad hoc network 2 of central node equipment.
In one embodiment of the invention, the Internet of things system communication means can also include: central node equipment 21 are communicated by communications such as GPRS, Wifi, NB-IOT with the server 1.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of Internet of things system communication means of the present invention.Preferably, the present embodiment can be by this Invention Internet of things system executes.Method includes the following steps:
Step 51, central node equipment 21 receives the control instruction that server 1 issues.
Step 52, the control instruction that central node equipment 21 is issued according to server 1 is controlled and is passed accordingly in ad hoc network 2 Feel equipment 22 and carries out corresponding operating.
Based on the Internet of things system communication means that the above embodiment of the present invention provides, exist for existing Internet of Things scheme Equipment cost/communications cost it is high, the problems such as system control is complicated, propose and realized and multiple short distances by Zigbee network Interior sensing equipment voluntarily networking (non-communicating net) is completed to acquire the data of multiple sensing equipments by central node equipment is unified Management, is completed at the same time the data communication with backstage, to reduce system cost, simplifies equipment control, improve system Availability.
The above embodiment of the present invention constructs Internet of things system by ad hoc network, improves running efficiency of system, reduces Construction cost.
The sensing equipment of the above embodiment of the present invention does not need configuration communication module and memory module, greatly reduces equipment Cost.
The above embodiment of the present invention can reduce amount of equipment power consumption using Zigbee module, to improve stand-by time.
The system server of the above embodiment of the present invention only needs to safeguard the connection and management of a small amount of central node equipment, is Expense of uniting is small, high-efficient.
Central node equipment described above can be implemented as the general place for executing function described herein Manage device, programmable logic controller (PLC) (PLC), digital signal processor (DSP), specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field-programmable Gate array (FPGA) either other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components or It is any appropriately combined.
So far, the present invention is described in detail.In order to avoid covering design of the invention, it is public that this field institute is not described The some details known.Those skilled in the art as described above, completely it can be appreciated how implementing technology disclosed herein Scheme.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that realizing that all or part of the steps of above-described embodiment can pass through hardware It completes, relevant hardware can also be instructed to complete by program, the program can store in a kind of computer-readable In storage medium, storage medium mentioned above can be read-only memory, disk or CD etc..
Description of the invention is given for the purpose of illustration and description, and is not exhaustively or will be of the invention It is limited to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are obvious for the ordinary skill in the art.It selects and retouches It states embodiment and is to more preferably illustrate the principle of the present invention and practical application, and those skilled in the art is enable to manage The solution present invention is to design various embodiments suitable for specific applications with various modifications.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of central node equipment, which is characterized in that the central node equipment and at least one sensing equipment constitute one Ad hoc network, server and at least one ad hoc network constitute an Internet of things system, in which:
Central node equipment, for realizing the data collection tube to each sensing equipment in ad hoc network where central node equipment Reason realizes the data communication with server.
2. central node equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Central node equipment is also used to safeguard the voluntarily access of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of the central node equipment place.
3. central node equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that
The central node equipment is preposition controller;
And/or
The central node equipment passes through in the ad hoc network of the place of central node equipment described in purple honeybee Zigbee network connection management Each sensing equipment;
And/or
Mode is communicated the central node equipment with the server by wireless communication.
4. a kind of ad hoc network, which is characterized in that including central node equipment as claimed in any one of claims 1-3 and at least One sensing equipment.
5. a kind of Internet of things system, which is characterized in that including server and at least one ad hoc network, wherein the ad hoc network is Ad hoc network as claimed in claim 4.
6. a kind of Internet of things system communication means, which is characterized in that the Internet of things system include server and at least one from Networking, the ad hoc network include central node equipment and at least one sensing equipment, and the Internet of things system communication means includes:
Central node equipment is acquired management to the data of each sensing equipment in ad hoc network where central node equipment;
The data of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of place are reported to server by central node equipment.
7. Internet of things system communication means according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include:
Central node equipment receives the control instruction that server issues;
The control instruction that central node equipment is issued according to server controls corresponding sensing equipment in ad hoc network and is accordingly grasped Make.
8. Internet of things system communication means according to claim 6 or 7, which is characterized in that further include:
Central node equipment safeguards the voluntarily access of each sensing equipment in the ad hoc network of the central node equipment place.
9. Internet of things system communication means according to claim 6 or 7, which is characterized in that further include:
Central node equipment passes through each in ad hoc network where central node equipment described in purple honeybee Zigbee network connection management Sensing equipment.
10. Internet of things system communication means according to claim 6 or 7, which is characterized in that further include:
Mode is communicated central node equipment with the server by wireless communication.
CN201710969287.2A 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network Pending CN109688173A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710969287.2A CN109688173A (en) 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710969287.2A CN109688173A (en) 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Internet of things system and its communication means, central node equipment and ad hoc network

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CN102054343A (en) * 2009-10-27 2011-05-11 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Lawn environment parameter data acquisition system based on lawn lamps
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Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101661664A (en) * 2009-09-27 2010-03-03 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Orchard planting monitoring system based on wireless sensor networks and monitoring method thereof
CN102054343A (en) * 2009-10-27 2011-05-11 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Lawn environment parameter data acquisition system based on lawn lamps
CN102053285A (en) * 2009-10-27 2011-05-11 西安迅腾科技有限责任公司 Sensor network-based historic site protecting and monitoring system
CN101950462A (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-01-19 徐培龙 Forest fire prevention positioning prewarning monitoring system
CN102006323A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-04-06 上海波顿无线传感技术有限公司 Environmental monitoring Internet-of-things system
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CN107045304A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-08-15 广西大学 Intelligent hatching system

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