CN109677171B - Engraving machine - Google Patents

Engraving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109677171B
CN109677171B CN201910069294.6A CN201910069294A CN109677171B CN 109677171 B CN109677171 B CN 109677171B CN 201910069294 A CN201910069294 A CN 201910069294A CN 109677171 B CN109677171 B CN 109677171B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving device
axis moving
carriage
guide rail
axis
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Application number
CN201910069294.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109677171A (en
Inventor
张继林
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Ningbo Woerpu Three Dimensional Technology Co ltd
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Ningbo Woerpu Three Dimensional Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Ningbo Woerpu Three Dimensional Technology Co ltd filed Critical Ningbo Woerpu Three Dimensional Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201910069294.6A priority Critical patent/CN109677171B/en
Publication of CN109677171A publication Critical patent/CN109677171A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/04Machines or tools for carving
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/12Accessories; Tool or work holders

Abstract

The invention discloses an engraving machine, comprising: a base as a foundation for the engraving machine; a three-axis mobile device gantry detachably mounted on an upper surface of the base; the three-axis moving device is fixedly arranged on the three-axis moving device rack; the engraving shaft is arranged on the three-shaft moving device and moves along with the three-shaft moving device so as to engrave a workpiece to be engraved; the engraving knife is detachably arranged on the output shaft of the engraving shaft; the workpiece chuck is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack and is positioned below the engraving shaft; the power supply device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft to supply power to the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft; and the control device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft. The engraving machine provided by the invention has the advantages that the power consumption of the whole engraving machine is reduced by adopting the three-axis moving device, and a plurality of engraving knives can be driven to engrave simultaneously.

Description

Engraving machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of workpiece engraving, in particular to an engraving machine.
Background
The engraving machine is a drilling and milling combined machining device in terms of machining principle. The engravers have two types, namely laser engraving and mechanical engraving, which are divided into high power and low power. The engraving machine has wide application range, and can engrave double-color plates, building models, small-sized labels, three-dimensional artware, engraved jade, metal and the like.
For example, the patent document with the Chinese utility model patent application number of CN201620717371.6 discloses a novel woodworking engraving machine, which comprises an engraving machine main body (1), a control box (3), a beam (9), an engraving machine head (10), a moving shaft (11), a powerful dust suction pipe (14), a controller (16) and an engraving machine (17), and is characterized in that a moving track (2) is installed above the engraving machine main body (1), the control box (3) is installed below the moving track (2), a stop button (4) is arranged on the surface of the control box (3), a working button (6) of the engraving machine is installed on the right side of the stop button (4), a moving block (13) is installed on the left side of the control box (3), the beam (9) is installed on the right side of the moving block (13), the moving shaft (11) is installed above the beam (9), the engraving machine head (10) is installed on the right side of the moving shaft, silencing device (12) are installed in engraver head (10) left side, remove axle (11) right side and install powerful dust absorption pipe (14), workstation (8) are installed to powerful dust absorption pipe (14) below, engraver main part (1) internally mounted has controller (16), and controller (16) below installs speed controller (24), aspirator (15) are installed in controller (16) left side, engraver (17) are installed on controller (16) right side, servo motor (18) are installed on engraver (17) right side, engraver main part (1) internally mounted has X axle device (19).
According to the novel woodworking engraving machine, the gantry is adopted to drive the engraving device to move, the noise is high when the gantry moves, and the power consumption is high; and a single engraving device is adopted, so that the workpiece engraving efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an engraving machine, which reduces the power consumption of the whole engraving machine by adopting a three-axis moving device and can drive a plurality of engraving knives to engrave simultaneously.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an engraver, comprising:
a base as a foundation for the engraving machine;
a three-axis mobile device gantry detachably mounted on an upper surface of the base;
the three-axis moving device is fixedly arranged on the three-axis moving device rack;
the engraving shaft is arranged on the three-shaft moving device and moves along with the three-shaft moving device so as to engrave a workpiece to be engraved;
the engraving knife is detachably arranged on the output shaft of the engraving shaft;
the workpiece chuck is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack and is positioned below the engraving shaft;
the power supply device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft to supply power to the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft;
and the control device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft.
Further, the three-axis moving device comprises an X-axis moving device, a Y-axis moving device and a first Z-axis moving device, wherein the X-axis moving device is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack, the Y-axis moving device is movably arranged on the X-axis moving device, and the first Z-axis moving device is movably arranged on the Y-axis moving device.
Further, the X-axis moving device comprises a first motor, a first carriage, a first guide rail plate and a first lead screw, the first carriage is movably matched with the first guide rail plate, the first lead screw is arranged between the first motor and the first carriage to drive the first carriage to move, and the first motor is mounted on the first guide rail plate; the Y-axis moving device comprises a second motor, a second carriage, a second guide rail plate and a second screw rod, the second carriage can be movably matched with the second guide rail plate, the second screw rod is arranged between the second motor and the second carriage to drive the second carriage to move, and the second motor is arranged on the second guide rail plate; the first Z-axis moving device comprises a third motor, a third carriage, a third guide rail plate and a third lead screw, the third carriage can be movably matched with the third guide rail plate, the third lead screw is arranged between the third motor and the third carriage to drive the third carriage to move, the third motor is installed on the third guide rail plate, the second guide rail plate is fixedly arranged on the first carriage, the third guide rail plate is fixedly arranged on the second carriage, and the engraving shaft is fixedly arranged below the third carriage.
Further, the bottom of triaxial mobile device rack has set firmly a plurality of otic placodes, seted up on the upper surface of base with otic placode complex board groove, the otic placode passes through the fix with screw setting in the board groove.
Further, the triaxial mobile device rack is the I shape, the triaxial mobile device rack includes first frame plate, second frame plate and third frame plate, wherein, first frame plate butt in the one end of second frame plate, third frame plate butt in the other end of second frame plate.
Further, the three-axis moving device further comprises a second Z-axis moving device, the second Z-axis moving device comprises a fourth motor, a fourth carriage, a fourth lead screw and a fourth guide rail plate, the fourth motor drives the fourth carriage through the fourth lead screw, the fourth carriage can be movably arranged on the fourth guide rail plate, the fourth guide rail plate is fixedly arranged on the second carriage, the fourth motor is arranged on the fourth guide rail plate, a second engraving shaft is arranged on the fourth carriage, and the fourth motor is connected with the power supply device and the control device.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the engraving machine, the three-axis moving device rack, the three-axis moving device and the engraving shaft are arranged in a matched mode, so that the power consumption of the engraving machine can be reduced;
2. according to the engraving machine, the X-axis moving device, the Y-axis moving device, the first Z-axis moving device and the second Z-axis moving device are arranged in a matched mode, so that the engraving machine can engrave two workpieces at the same time.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an engraver in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of an engraver in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-axis mobile device gantry in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of an engraver in embodiment 3 of the present invention.
The drawings illustrate the following:
1-base, 2-three-axis mobile device rack, 3-three-axis mobile device, 31-X axis mobile device, 311-first motor, 312-first carriage, 313-first guide rail plate, 314-first screw rod, 32-Y axis mobile device, 321-second motor, 322-second carriage, 323-second guide rail plate, 324-second screw rod, 33-first Z axis mobile device, 331-third motor, 332-third carriage, 333-third guide rail plate, 334-third screw rod, 34-second Z axis mobile device, 341-fourth motor, 342-fourth carriage, 343-fourth screw rod, 344-fourth guide rail plate, 35-second X axis mobile device, 36-second Y axis mobile device, 37-third Z axis mobile device, 4-engraving shaft, 41-second engraving shaft, 5-engraving knife and 6-workpiece chuck.
Detailed Description
In order that the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more clearly understood, the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments, it being understood that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application can be combined with each other without conflict.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-2, an engraver comprises:
the base 1 is used as the foundation of the engraving machine;
a three-axis moving device table 2 detachably mounted on an upper surface of the base 1;
the three-axis moving device 3 is fixedly arranged on the three-axis moving device rack 2;
the engraving shaft 4 is arranged on the three-shaft moving device 3 and moves along with the three-shaft moving device 3 so as to engrave a workpiece to be engraved;
an engraving knife 5 detachably mounted on an output shaft (not shown) of the engraving shaft 4;
a workpiece chuck 6 arranged on the three-axis moving device rack 2 and positioned below the engraving shaft 4;
a power supply device (not shown) connected to the three-axis moving device 3 and the engraving shaft 4 to supply power to the three-axis moving device 3 and the engraving shaft 4;
and a control device (not shown) connected to the three-axis moving device 3 and the engraving shaft 4.
The three-axis moving device 3 comprises an X-axis moving device 31, a Y-axis moving device 32 and a first Z-axis moving device 33, wherein the X-axis moving device 31 is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack 2, the Y-axis moving device 32 can be movably arranged on the X-axis moving device 31, and the first Z-axis moving device 33 can be movably arranged on the Y-axis moving device 32. As a modification of this embodiment, the Y-axis moving device 32 and the X-axis moving device 31 may be switched between positions, and the Z-axis moving device may be movably disposed on the X-axis moving device 31.
The X-axis moving device 31 includes a first motor 311, a first dragging plate 312, a first guide rail plate 313 and a first lead screw 314, the first dragging plate 312 is movably fitted to the first guide rail plate 313, the first lead screw 314 is disposed between the first motor 311 and the first dragging plate 312 to drive the first dragging plate 312 to move, and the first motor 311 is mounted on the first guide rail plate 313; the Y-axis moving device 32 includes a second motor 321, a second carriage 322, a second guide rail plate 323, and a second lead screw 324, the second carriage 322 is movably fitted to the second guide rail plate 323, the second lead screw 324 is disposed between the second motor 321 and the second carriage 322 to drive the second carriage 322 to move, and the second motor 321 is mounted on the second guide rail plate 323; the first Z-axis moving device 33 includes a third motor 331, a third carriage 332, a third guide rail plate 333 and a third screw 334, the third carriage 332 is movably fitted to the third guide rail plate 333, the third screw 334 is disposed between the third motor 331 and the third carriage 332 to drive the third carriage 332 to move, the third motor 331 is mounted on the third guide rail plate 333, wherein the second guide rail plate 323 is fixedly disposed on the first carriage 312, the third guide rail plate 333 is fixedly disposed on the second carriage 322, and the engraving shaft 4 is fixedly disposed below the third carriage 332.
In this embodiment, a first servo driver, a second servo driver, a third servo driver and a fourth servo driver are provided in the control device, and are respectively used for controlling the first motor 311, the second motor 321, the third motor 331 and the engraving shaft 4, the first motor 311, the second motor 321, the third motor 331 and the engraving shaft 4 are all servo motors, and the control device adopts a programmable logic controller.
Wherein, the workpiece chuck 6 adopts a 3-jaw or 4-jaw chuck.
The bottom of triaxial mobile device rack 2 has set firmly a plurality of otic placodes, seted up on the upper surface of base 1 with otic placode complex board groove, the otic placode passes through the fix with screw setting in the board groove.
As shown in fig. 3, the three-axis mobile device rack 2 is i-shaped, and the three-axis mobile device rack 2 includes a first rack plate 22, a second rack plate 23, and a third rack plate 24, wherein the first rack plate 22 abuts against one end of the second rack plate 23, and the third rack plate 24 abuts against the other end of the second rack plate 23.
Example 2
The three-axis moving device 3 further includes a second Z-axis moving device 34, where the second Z-axis moving device 34 includes a fourth motor 341, a fourth carriage 342, a fourth lead screw 343, and a fourth guide rail plate 344, the fourth motor 341 drives the fourth carriage 342 through the fourth lead screw 343, the fourth carriage 342 is movably disposed on the fourth guide rail plate 344, the fourth guide rail plate 344 is fixedly disposed on the second carriage 322, the fourth motor 341 is mounted on the fourth guide rail plate 344, a second engraving shaft 41 is mounted on the fourth carriage 342, and the fourth motor 341 is connected to the power supply device and the control device. The present embodiment is the same as embodiment 1 except that only the second Z-axis moving device 34 is limited.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 4, the three-axis moving device stage 2 is further provided with a second X-axis moving device 35, a second Y-axis moving device 36 is movably disposed on the second X-axis moving device 35, a third Z-axis moving device 37 is movably disposed on the second Y-axis moving device 36, and the second X-axis moving device 35 is disposed on the three-axis moving device stage 2, wherein the second X-axis moving device 35, the second Y-axis moving device 36, and the second X-axis moving device 35 all drive a screw to move a pallet through a motor. The present embodiment is the same as embodiment 1 except that only the second X-axis moving device 35, the second Y-axis moving device 36, and the third Z-axis moving device 37 are limited.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, which are described in the specification and illustrated only for illustrating the principle of the present invention, but various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention as claimed without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. An engraver, comprising:
a base as a foundation for the engraving machine;
a three-axis mobile device gantry detachably mounted on an upper surface of the base;
the three-axis moving device is fixedly arranged on the three-axis moving device rack;
the engraving shaft is arranged on the three-shaft moving device and moves along with the three-shaft moving device so as to engrave a workpiece to be engraved;
the engraving knife is detachably arranged on the output shaft of the engraving shaft;
the workpiece chuck is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack and is positioned below the engraving shaft;
the power supply device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft to supply power to the three-axis moving device and the carving shaft;
the control device is connected with the three-axis moving device and the carving axis;
the three-axis moving device comprises an X-axis moving device, a Y-axis moving device and a first Z-axis moving device, the X-axis moving device is arranged on the three-axis moving device rack, the Y-axis moving device is movably arranged on the X-axis moving device, and the first Z-axis moving device is movably arranged on the Y-axis moving device;
the X-axis moving device comprises a first motor, a first dragging plate, a first guide rail plate and a first screw rod, wherein the first dragging plate can be movably matched with the first guide rail plate, the first screw rod is arranged between the first motor and the first dragging plate to drive the first dragging plate to move, and the first motor is arranged on the first guide rail plate; the Y-axis moving device comprises a second motor, a second carriage, a second guide rail plate and a second screw rod, the second carriage can be movably matched with the second guide rail plate, the second screw rod is arranged between the second motor and the second carriage to drive the second carriage to move, and the second motor is arranged on the second guide rail plate; the first Z-axis moving device comprises a third motor, a third carriage, a third guide rail plate and a third lead screw, the third carriage can be movably matched with the third guide rail plate, the third lead screw is arranged between the third motor and the third carriage to drive the third carriage to move, the third motor is installed on the third guide rail plate, the second guide rail plate is fixedly arranged on the first carriage, the third guide rail plate is fixedly arranged on the second carriage, and the engraving shaft is fixedly arranged below the third carriage.
2. The engraving machine according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of ear plates are fixed to the bottom end of the three-axis moving device rack, and plate grooves matched with the ear plates are formed in the upper surface of the base, and the ear plates are fixedly arranged in the plate grooves through screws.
3. The engraver of claim 1, wherein the three-axis mover carriage is i-shaped, the three-axis mover carriage comprising a first frame plate, a second frame plate, and a third frame plate, wherein the first frame plate abuts one end of the second frame plate, and the third frame plate abuts the other end of the second frame plate.
4. The engraving machine according to claim 1, wherein the three-axis moving device further comprises a second Z-axis moving device, the second Z-axis moving device comprises a fourth motor, a fourth carriage, a fourth screw and a fourth guide rail plate, the fourth motor drives the fourth carriage through the fourth screw, the fourth carriage is movably disposed on the fourth guide rail plate, the fourth guide rail plate is fixedly disposed on the second carriage, the fourth motor is mounted on the fourth guide rail plate, a second engraving shaft is mounted on the fourth carriage, and the fourth motor is connected to the power supply device and the control device.
5. The engraver of claim 1 wherein said three axis mover stage is further provided with a second X axis mover, a second Y axis mover movably disposed on said second X axis mover, and a third Z axis mover movably disposed on said second Y axis mover.
CN201910069294.6A 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Engraving machine Active CN109677171B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910069294.6A CN109677171B (en) 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Engraving machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910069294.6A CN109677171B (en) 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Engraving machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109677171A CN109677171A (en) 2019-04-26
CN109677171B true CN109677171B (en) 2020-09-01

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ID=66194472

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910069294.6A Active CN109677171B (en) 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Engraving machine

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3302421A1 (en) * 1983-01-26 1984-07-26 Rolf 5358 Bad Münstereifel Kerp WOOD CARVING AND SCULPTOR BENCH
CN104842696B (en) * 2015-05-29 2016-05-04 福建省天大精诺信息有限公司 A kind of wood, stone-material carving machine
CN106079994A (en) * 2016-08-10 2016-11-09 安徽同兴科技发展有限责任公司 The wood-worker engraving machine of combination type multistation dust arrester
CN206446338U (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-08-29 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 A kind of triaxial wood machining tool
CN208197942U (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-12-07 玉环圣弘法数控雕刻设备有限公司 A kind of wood-worker engraving machine

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