CN109675656A - A kind of cereal polishing separator - Google Patents

A kind of cereal polishing separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109675656A
CN109675656A CN201910132450.9A CN201910132450A CN109675656A CN 109675656 A CN109675656 A CN 109675656A CN 201910132450 A CN201910132450 A CN 201910132450A CN 109675656 A CN109675656 A CN 109675656A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
polishing
room
round brush
negative pressure
blower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910132450.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李冰
孙泉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Harbin Engineering University
Original Assignee
Harbin Engineering University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Engineering University filed Critical Harbin Engineering University
Priority to CN201910132450.9A priority Critical patent/CN109675656A/en
Publication of CN109675656A publication Critical patent/CN109675656A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B3/00Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming
    • B02B3/10Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming by means of brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G45/00Lubricating, cleaning, or clearing devices
    • B65G45/10Cleaning devices
    • B65G45/18Cleaning devices comprising brushes

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural productions, disclose a kind of cereal polishing separator, including pedestal, support rod, material air-supply passage, materiel fan, blanking channel, lower hopper, polishing round brush, elastic inner wall, conveyer belt, cleaning round brush, chaff powder recovery room, material recycle room, separation air duct, separation blower, negative pressure recycling air duct, negative pressure recycling blower, baffle and polishing room.The present invention can carry out the polishing of high quality to cereal, small to the damage of cereal, and can recycle the dust generated in polishing process and chaff powder, greatly improve work efficiency the service life with equipment, improve working environment.

Description

A kind of cereal polishing separator
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural productions more particularly to a kind of cereal to polish separator.
Background technique
It is measured according to research, the loss polished rice of city, China pin rice dry matter during elutriation is 2.80% left at present The right side, long-grained nonglutinous rice are 3.40% or so, and 2.5 times higher than developed country in the world or so, this is mainly due to the existing rice quality mark in China Allow in standard it is contained crack rice, the quantity of unsound grain and chaff powder it is more, especially allow containing having more than the small of 2.0 millimeters of circular holes The amount cracked rice is 1.5%-2.5%, these thin small bits of rice are easily lost during rice washing, to cause a large amount of waves of grain Take.By 15,000,000 tons of commodity rice calculating of China year processing, every year since rice eluriates lost grain up to 46.5 ten thousand tons, phase When in 20,000,000 1 year grain ration of population city dweller.It can be seen that production and edible washing-free rice, can save a large amount of grains, To the grain source that abundance using grain as the various industry of raw material, can also be provided.Therefore the social benefit of washing-free rice production is very It is huge.
Washing-free rice is to be not required to eluriate, meet the rice of hygienic requirements before a kind of boiling, and this rice not only can be to avoid Dry matter and nutritional ingredient are largely lost during elutriation, and can simplify the process cooked, and reduce the time cooked, together When can also save rice washing water and prevent rice washing environmental pollution by water.The some developed country's majorities in the world are produced and are eaten and exempt from present Rice washing, and the fortification of amino acid and vitamin is further carried out to rice on this basis, to improve the nutrition of rice Value.
The raw material of washing-free rice is produced either paddy is also possible to general rice, either which kind of raw material, when processing It all be unable to do without rice and polishes this basic working procedure.Currently, domestic production washing-free rice is mostly in original processing general rice On the basis of, increase what equipment component carried out.The process flow of washing-free rice is produced to mark one meter as raw material are as follows: one meter of mark → selected Machine → glazing drum → polisher → insurance sieve → rice finished product.Removal of impurities: according to China's rice quality standard, allow in one meter of mark containing A small number of paddy, seed and minerals, in order to guarantee that washing-free rice break the requirement of paddy, disconnected barnyard grass, it is necessary to remove mark in one meter first Contained impurity, common equipment are rotary flat sieve, specific-gravity stoner etc..Pearling: the purpose of pearling is further removal rice The cortex on grain surface, is allowed to the requirement that precision reaches top grade rice, the equipment used has sand-roller jet rice polisher, iron roll jet-air rice milling Machine etc..Polishing: polishing is to produce the critical process of washing-free rice, it can make grain of rice crystal clear, forms one layer on grain of rice surface Very thin gel mould generates pearly luster, and appearance is sparkling and crystal-clear as beautiful, tasty and refreshing exquisiteness of cooking.Due to having one layer after rice surface polishing Wax protective layer, can not only prevent rice in production, storage, transport, each link of sale rice bran stick or rice flour falls off, protect Rice sanitation and hygiene are demonstrate,proved, does not have to eluriate before eating, and rice storage property can be improved, keeps rice taste fresh degree, mention The edible quality of high rice.
Rice polishing is more universal in developed country.Such as Japan, the U.S. and Italy are when processing first-class rice, finished product All pass through polishing end.Polished rice white appearance, it is nutritious, it is asked when can not only extend storage, but also rice can be improved Edible quality and commodity value.Polishing method is usually: by rice and with the polishing solvent uniform stirring of certain temperature, then It rolls and rubs in polisher, keep grain of rice any surface finish shinny, then polished rice huller screen sieving and grading, just obtain polishing rice.Point Grade: finished product classification mainly screens the rice after polishing, and removing is therein to crack rice on a small quantity, separates by finished product class requirement Complete whole rice and general washing-free rice.Now widely used equipment is rotary flat sieve, vibrating screen etc..
Polishing is to produce the critical process of washing-free rice, it can make grain of rice crystal clear, forms one layer of pole on grain of rice surface Thin gel mould generates pearly luster, and appearance is sparkling and crystal-clear as beautiful, tasty and refreshing exquisiteness of cooking.Due to having coating of wax after rice surface polishing Quality guarantee sheath, can not only prevent rice in production, storage, transport, each link of sale rice bran stick or rice flour falls off, guarantee Rice sanitation and hygiene do not have to eluriate, and rice storage property can be improved before eating, and keep rice taste fresh degree, improve The edible quality of rice.But when using grain polisher, grain polisher is difficult to seal after processing is completed in cereal, stablizes Cereal outflow polishing case after control polishing, the using effect and grain polisher for influencing grain polisher are difficult to cereal In extra moisture evaporation, influence the holding time of cereal after processing, while grain polisher is difficult in quick separating cereal Dust influences the convenience of grain polisher used.
Application No. is the patents of CN201820287333.0 to disclose a kind of polishing rice machine, is arranged in polishing rice machine sheet First polishing room and the second polishing room in internal portion have been arranged in a one-to-one correspondence first in the first polishing room and the second polishing room respectively Polishing roll and the second polishing roll, rice pass through the pusher being arranged on polishing roll, rice are pushed in the first polishing room, the One polishing roll polishes rice, and after first time polishes, the propeller handle that the other side is arranged in pushes to rice In diversion pipe, the rice flow backwards in pipe enters the second polishing room, carries out second to rice and polishes, second polishing can make rice Polishing is more thorough, and the dust collecting bin of discharge bucket lower position is arranged in, falls on dust rice and flour filter plate in rice, leads to Filter screen filtration, which is fallen, generates dust and rice flour in polishing, keep rice discharging quality higher, save the secondary screening to rice, save The process in rice production is saved.But the invention can only polish rice, and be not thorough to the rice flour recycling generated in polishing process, The quality not recycled with blower is high, inefficient.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to open quality of finish height, Product recycling, easily a kind of cereal polishes separator.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of cereal polishes separator, including pedestal 1, support rod 2, material air-supply passage 3, materiel fan 4, blanking are logical Road 5, lower hopper 6, polishing round brush 7, elastic inner wall 8, conveyer belt 9, cleaning round brush 10, chaff powder recovery room 11, material recycle room 12, Separate air duct 13, separation blower 14, negative pressure recycling air duct 15, negative pressure recycling blower 16, baffle 17 and polishing room 18;
One end of support rod 2 is fixed on pedestal 1, and materiel fan 4 is fixed on the other end of support rod 2;Materiel fan 4 Air outlet is connected to one end of material air-supply passage 3, and lower hopper 6 is connected to one end of blanking channel 5;Material air-supply passage 3 it is another The other end of one end and blanking channel 5 is interconnected, and is connected to one end of polishing room 18;The inside at 18 top of polishing room is elasticity Inner wall 8, polishing round brush 7 are located at the 18 top lower section of polishing room in polishing room 18;Conveyer belt 9 is located in polishing room 18, conveyer belt 9 In the lower section of polishing round brush 7;Cleaning round brush 10 is located in polishing room 18, cleans round brush 10 in the lower section of conveyer belt 9;Negative pressure recycling Blower 16 is fixed on pedestal 1, and negative pressure recycling blower 16 is located at outside polishing room 18;Negative pressure recycles blower 16 and is connected to negative pressure recycling wind The one end in road 15, the other end that negative pressure recycles air duct 15 are connected to polishing room 18;Separation blower 14 is fixed on pedestal 1, separates wind Machine 14 is located at outside polishing room 18;Separate the one end in the air outlet connection separation air duct 13 of blower 14;Separate the other end in air duct 13 Positioned at the lower section of 9 end of conveyer belt;The other end of polishing room 18 has downward opening;Material recycle room 12 and chaff powder recovery room 11 are located at below the opening of 18 other end of polishing room;Baffle 17 is between material recycle room 12 and chaff powder recovery room 11.
Further, the position that negative pressure recycling air duct 15 is connect with polishing room 18 is located at 7 lower section of polishing round brush.
Further, polishing round brush 7 and cleaning round brush 10 are one or more.
The invention has the benefit that
The present invention can carry out the polishing of high quality to cereal, small to the damage of cereal, and can recycle polishing process The dust and chaff powder of middle generation, greatly improve work efficiency the service life with equipment, improve working environment.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of cereal polishing separator.
Specific embodiment
Further describe the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1:
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of cereal polishes separator, including pedestal 1, support rod 2, material air-supply passage 3, materiel fan 4, Blanking channel 5, lower hopper 6, polishing round brush 7, elastic inner wall 8, conveyer belt 9, cleaning round brush 10, chaff powder recovery room 11, material return Receive room 12, separation air duct 13, separation blower 14, negative pressure recycling air duct 15, negative pressure recycling blower 16, baffle 17 and polishing room 18;
One end of support rod 2 is fixed on pedestal 1, and materiel fan 4 is fixed on the other end of support rod 2;Materiel fan 4 Air outlet is connected to one end of material air-supply passage 3, and lower hopper 6 is connected to one end of blanking channel 5;Material air-supply passage 3 it is another The other end of one end and blanking channel 5 is interconnected, and is connected to one end of polishing room 18;The inside at 18 top of polishing room is elasticity Inner wall 8, elastic inner wall 8 reduces the damage to material, and can increase the frictional force to material, thus significantly more efficient progress Polishing.Polishing round brush 7 is located at the 18 top lower section of polishing room in polishing room 18;Conveyer belt 9 is located in polishing room 18, conveyer belt 9 In the lower section of polishing round brush 7;Cleaning round brush 10 is located in polishing room 18, cleans round brush 10 in the lower section of conveyer belt 9;Negative pressure recycling Blower 16 is fixed on pedestal 1, and negative pressure recycling blower 16 is located at outside polishing room 18;Negative pressure recycles blower 16 and is connected to negative pressure recycling wind The one end in road 15, the other end that negative pressure recycles air duct 15 are connected to polishing room 18;Separation blower 14 is fixed on pedestal 1, separates wind Machine 14 is located at outside polishing room 18;Separate the one end in the air outlet connection separation air duct 13 of blower 14;Separate the other end in air duct 13 Positioned at the lower section of 9 end of conveyer belt;The other end of polishing room 18 has downward opening;Material recycle room 12 and chaff powder recovery room 11 are located at below the opening of 18 other end of polishing room;Baffle 17 is between material recycle room 12 and chaff powder recovery room 11.
Further, the position that negative pressure recycling air duct 15 is connect with polishing room 18 is located at 7 lower section of polishing round brush.
Further, polishing round brush 7 and cleaning round brush 10 are one or more.
Polishing room and polishing round brush, conveyer belt, the equal lower right inclination of cleaning round brush.
Polishing gap between round brush 7 and elastic inner wall 8, conveyer belt 9 is 0.5-3cm.
In the course of work, material enters from lower hopper 6, when material passes through blanking channel 5, is carried out using materiel fan 4 Accelerate, material is made to enter the top in polishing room;After material enters polishing room, indoor polishing round brush 7 and polishing room are polished Cooperate between top surface inner wall, conveyer belt 9, material can carry out to good polishing grinding, and minimum damages material;And it cleans Round brush 10 good can clean the impurity such as remaining minute dusts after the polishing being infected on conveyer belt 9, clean under round brush 10 Impurity under the negative pressure recycling blower 16 of side can be cleared up round brush 10 is cleaned is collected;Separation below 9 end of conveyer belt Remaining very little impurities are blowed to chaff powder recovery room 11 by blower 14, and the material after polishing is incited somebody to action due to weight ratio impurity weight It can automatically fall into material recycle room 12.
In specific implement, power distribution cabinet, control device and multiple groups motor, control device are equipped on pedestal 1 and is connected respectively Connect power distribution cabinet, multiple groups motor, materiel fan 4, separation blower 14, negative pressure recycling blower 16;Controllable device can carry out segmentation control System is capable of the blower of the good each position of adjusting, facilitates the wind pressure pressure adjusted inside polishing room, prevent pressure is excessive to be not easy The discharge of the impurity such as dust.
Multiple groups motor can be separately connected polishing round brush 7, conveyer belt 9, cleaning round brush 10 according to demand, and can also be according to need It asks and revolving speed is adjusted, polishing dynamics can be improved according to demand when polishing different material.
Vibration-absorptive material can be used in pedestal 1 and shock-damping structure matches, and makes the reduction of present apparatus overall noise, further changes Kind working environment, while can well save space structure.
Other support constructions such as 2 useable holder of support rod are replaced, and support construction can stablize each blower, make wind Machine being capable of steady operation.
Compared with prior art, the present invention can carry out the polishing of high quality to cereal, small to the damage of cereal, and energy The dust generated in polishing process and chaff powder are enough recycled, the service life with equipment is greatly improved work efficiency, improves building ring Border.
The above is not intended to restrict the invention, and for those skilled in the art, the present invention can have various Change and variation.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should all include Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of cereal polishes separator, it is characterised in that: including pedestal (1), support rod (2), material air-supply passage (3), Materiel fan (4), blanking channel (5), lower hopper (6), polishing round brush (7), elastic inner wall (8), conveyer belt (9), cleaning round brush (10), chaff powder recovery room (11), material recycle room (12), separation air duct (13), separation blower (14), negative pressure recycle air duct (15), negative pressure recycling blower (16), baffle (17) and polishing room (18);
One end of support rod (2) is fixed on pedestal (1), and materiel fan (4) is fixed on the other end of support rod (2);Material air One end of air outlet connection material air-supply passage (3) of machine (4), lower hopper (6) are connected to one end of blanking channel (5);Material The other end of air-supply passage (3) and the other end of blanking channel (5) are interconnected, and are connected to one end of polishing room (18);Polishing Inside at the top of room (18) is elastic inner wall (8), under polishing round brush (7) is located at the top of the polishing room (18) in polishing room (18) Side;Conveyer belt (9) is located in polishing room (18), and conveyer belt (9) is in the lower section of polishing round brush (7);It cleans round brush (10) and is located at throwing In light room (18), lower section of cleaning round brush (10) in conveyer belt (9);Negative pressure recycling blower (16) is fixed on pedestal (1), negative pressure Recycling blower (16) is located at polishing room (18) outside;Negative pressure recycles one end of blower (16) connection negative pressure recycling air duct (15), negative pressure The other end for recycling air duct (15) is connected to polishing room (18);Separation blower (14) is fixed on pedestal (1), separates blower (14) position Outside in polishing room (18);Separate one end of air outlet connection separation air duct (13) of blower (14);Separate the another of air duct (13) End is located at the lower section of conveyer belt (9) end;The other end of polishing room (18) has downward opening;Material recycle room (12) and chaff Powder recovery room (11) is located at below the opening of polishing room (18) other end;Baffle (17) is located at material recycle room (12) and chaff powder is returned It receives between room (11).
2. a kind of cereal according to claim 1 polishes separator, it is characterised in that: the negative pressure recycles air duct (15) position connecting with polishing room (18) is located at below polishing round brush (7).
3. a kind of cereal according to claim 1 polishes separator, it is characterised in that: the polishing round brush (7) and Cleaning round brush (10) is one or more.
CN201910132450.9A 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 A kind of cereal polishing separator Pending CN109675656A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910132450.9A CN109675656A (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 A kind of cereal polishing separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910132450.9A CN109675656A (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 A kind of cereal polishing separator

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112314162A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 宁夏绿先锋农业机械化服务有限公司 Rice harvester
CN112844531A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-05-28 东台市鑫富达机械有限公司 Peeling and cleaning device for grain processing

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102989542A (en) * 2011-09-11 2013-03-27 新沂市佳威饲料有限公司 Rice polishing machine
CN203030317U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-07-03 朱杵养 Wind-power polishing machine
CN203379914U (en) * 2013-07-17 2014-01-08 宁夏昊王米业有限公司 Bidirectional negative pressure rice polishing machine
CN205392558U (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 松阳县旭升米业有限公司 Rice burnishing device
CN206084713U (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-04-12 何少敏 Surface polishing machine
CN207071425U (en) * 2017-07-04 2018-03-06 龙岩市永定区普惠农业科技有限公司 A kind of polishing rice machine for being easy to waste discharge material
CN107899638A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-13 广西梧州市金广丰化肥有限公司 A kind of cereal flexible polishing device
CN108080060A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-29 郑州搜趣信息技术有限公司 A kind of cereal polishing and multistage discharging equipment
CN108714447A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-30 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 A kind of grinding processing equipment
CN208356860U (en) * 2018-03-01 2019-01-11 宁夏明翔粮油有限公司 A kind of polishing rice machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102989542A (en) * 2011-09-11 2013-03-27 新沂市佳威饲料有限公司 Rice polishing machine
CN203030317U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-07-03 朱杵养 Wind-power polishing machine
CN203379914U (en) * 2013-07-17 2014-01-08 宁夏昊王米业有限公司 Bidirectional negative pressure rice polishing machine
CN205392558U (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 松阳县旭升米业有限公司 Rice burnishing device
CN206084713U (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-04-12 何少敏 Surface polishing machine
CN207071425U (en) * 2017-07-04 2018-03-06 龙岩市永定区普惠农业科技有限公司 A kind of polishing rice machine for being easy to waste discharge material
CN107899638A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-13 广西梧州市金广丰化肥有限公司 A kind of cereal flexible polishing device
CN108080060A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-29 郑州搜趣信息技术有限公司 A kind of cereal polishing and multistage discharging equipment
CN208356860U (en) * 2018-03-01 2019-01-11 宁夏明翔粮油有限公司 A kind of polishing rice machine
CN108714447A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-30 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 A kind of grinding processing equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112314162A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 宁夏绿先锋农业机械化服务有限公司 Rice harvester
CN112844531A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-05-28 东台市鑫富达机械有限公司 Peeling and cleaning device for grain processing

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