CN109673400A - A kind of rock slope quick recovery method - Google Patents

A kind of rock slope quick recovery method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109673400A
CN109673400A CN201910004934.5A CN201910004934A CN109673400A CN 109673400 A CN109673400 A CN 109673400A CN 201910004934 A CN201910004934 A CN 201910004934A CN 109673400 A CN109673400 A CN 109673400A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straw
grass seeds
mat
quick recovery
grass
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910004934.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109673400B (en
Inventor
向珞宁
张沐锋
贾宇航
曾维超
史红玉
黄丽
陈森
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Priority to CN201910004934.5A priority Critical patent/CN109673400B/en
Priority claimed from CN201910004934.5A external-priority patent/CN109673400B/en
Publication of CN109673400A publication Critical patent/CN109673400A/en
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Publication of CN109673400B publication Critical patent/CN109673400B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G20/20Cultivation on mats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/04Arranging seeds on carriers, e.g. on tapes, on cords Carrier compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/04Arranging seeds on carriers, e.g. on tapes, on cords Carrier compositions
    • A01C1/042Tapes, bands or cords
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/04Arranging seeds on carriers, e.g. on tapes, on cords Carrier compositions
    • A01C1/044Sheets, multiple sheets or mats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses rock slope quick recovery methods, comprising the following steps: 1) preparation is enclosed with the grass seeds cream packet of nutrition base;2) grass-trap kind cream packet weaves straw rope;3) straw rope is wound outside drip irrigation pipe;4) grass-trap kind cream packet weaves a straw mat;5) conduit pipe is dug;6) straw mat, drip irrigation pipe and straw rope are laid with and consolidates anchor pole and is fixed;7) it waters.This method can effectively reduce the silt loss of rock slope, quickly form vegetation.

Description

A kind of rock slope quick recovery method
Technical field
The present invention relates to capital construction technical field more particularly to a kind of rock slope quick recovery methods.
Background technique
South China, China is dispersed with various side slopes to be green, wherein the most difficult with rock slope.It is especially discarded The rock slope in stone pit becomes and is most difficult to again a kind of green in rock slope when ground temperature is high, rainfall is big, and annual rainfall exists more 1500mm or more.The characteristics of this high temperature and rainy, damp and hot same season, keeps the weathering of soil and pedogenesis very strong, biological object The circulation of matter is very rapid.Alkali height is unsaturated, and nutrient availability is low.The multiple green major obstacle of abandoned quarry rock slope The factor is a lack of soil, and nutrient is rare and external environment is severe.Various obstruction factors its extent of injury under different ecological condition Difference, only a certain factor plays a leading role sometimes, and is sometimes then the comprehensive function of several factors.
Currently, the common multiple green mode of side slope is one layer of soil for growth of covering on area to be repaired, kind above soil It plants plant and re-lays protective net.In addition, since side slope is difficult in maintenance and soil is serious by wind and rain, so that many stone matter at present Side slope is in the stage directly fallen into disuse.Some is even direct to be just laid with false grass, has not only affected territory ecology, but also bring certain Security risk.Whether using geotechnological lattice, or lattice girder is used, requires construction in later period and carries out soil moved in improve the original again and soil moved in improve the original difficulty Greatly, soil conservation is more complicated.Step is had when mining, stone pit step is about 10-20 meters, the out-of-flatness of step abrupt slope, slope There is crack in face, multiple green very difficult
Rock slope is multiple green often because of illumination, precipitation, soil, orographic condition limitation, it is multiple it is green commonly use some covering with new soil after plant Plant is planted, there is certain multiple green effect, play preferably short-term visual effect, but this kind of vegetation is mostly fast-growing and single kind Class will cause biotic intrusion sometimes and timeliness is more of short duration.Therefore some physiological features and scientific and technical innovation are combined, establish needle To the multiple green scheme of the rock slope of abandoned quarry, solve to be difficult into after rock slope can not grow vegetation or vegetation sprouts Problem living.
Summary of the invention
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of application operabilities by force, is easy to stone matter Side slope quick recovery method.This method can avoid in the artificial soil moved in improve the original of rock slope within the very short period, quickly be formed and be planted Quilt.
The purpose of the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
1) water will be added to be modulated into thick shape liquid containing CMC-Na, yeast extract, inorganic salts, agar, thick shape liquid is adhered to sieve plate On;Grass seeds is spread on sieve plate, squeezes sieve pore, it is dry, obtain grass seeds cream packet;
2) using tough matter silk thread as axis, 2 or more natural fibers and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain diameter to be 0.8-1.5cm Straw rope;2-4g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
4) the density weave straw screen or mat of every 5-20g/m2 is pressed using stalk, silk thread and grass seeds cream packet;
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, retaining wall is set in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with and conduit pipe The aqueduct being connected;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains laterally is laid in the junction of straw screen or mat, in the connection of straw screen or mat The longitudinal straw rope for being laid with step 1) and obtaining in place, beats anchor pole and fixes in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection;
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
Further, inorganic salts described in step 1) include ammonium nitrate, magnesium sulfate and potassium hydrogen phosphate;Wherein, CMC-Na, ferment Female cream, ammonium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, potassium hydrogen phosphate, agar add the weight ratio of water to be (10-15): (0.5-1.5): (0.5-1.5): (0.4-0.6)∶(0.8-1.5)∶(15-30)∶(10-15)。
Further, in step 2), grass seeds diameter is 1-3mm, sieve diameter 2-4mm.
Further, in step 2), the silk thread is tinsel or macromolecule silk thread, and the wire diameter is 0.2- 0.5mm。
Further, in step 4), a length of (0.5-1.2) m, the width of straw screen or mat are (1.5-2.5) m with a thickness of 0.08- 0.12m。
Further, in step 5), the conduit pipe is by edge in side slope to side wave lower edge in convergent netted.
Further, in step 6), it is 2-5cm that the anchor pole, which penetrates depth,.
Further, further comprising the steps of after step 6): by monocotyledonous seeds and the thick shape of titbit and step 1) Liquid is compound, mixes, and molding dries, obtains grass seeds cream ball;Grass seeds cream ball is fixed at anchor pole.
Further, the monocotyledonous seeds be grass family: class reed, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, Herba Paspali orbicularis, pale reddish brown big winged bean or One or more of molasses grass.
Further, the grass seeds cream ball is fixed at anchor pole by silk screen.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1) rock slope quick recovery method provided by the invention, by the coating that grass seeds is coated on to culture medium formation It is interior, moisture maintenance and nutrition supply are provided for the growth of grass seeds;It is the life of grass seeds again by way of being knitted into straw rope and straw mat It is long that support is provided, so that grass seeds quickly germinateed, grown, form vegetation, preferably to take root in the fixed silt of side slope;
2) rock slope quick recovery method provided by the invention passes through straw rope by the way that straw rope to be wound in drip irrigation pipe Capillarity makes straw rope and straw mat keep wet, effectively controls the moisture of grass seeds local environment, hypohydration grass seeds is avoided not send out It educates and excess moisture grass seeds damage or crop failure caused by waterlogging is dead, washes away culture medium;Effectively guarantee grass seeds germination percentage;
3) present invention is using the straw mat woven by toughness silk thread as substrate, the straw rope for wrapping up flexible silk thread to be laterally arranged Drip irrigation pipe be latitude, with the straw rope of longitudinally disposed package flexible silk thread be through, formed space continue elasticity gear silt Network, to be effectively formed silt filtering, to provide stable growth support for grass seeds;
4) present invention further can form thick grass using pockets of monocotyledonous seeds, to the vegetation generated Fixed, wherein monocotyledonous seeds are equally by being coated on the glue-line of culture medium formation, so that monocotyledonous seeds are being grown It germinates rapidly in the environment of profit, and is fixed on anchor pole by silk screen etc., so that the root system for being conducive to tree species is fixed.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 8;
Fig. 2 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 8;
Fig. 3 is the partial schematic diagram of the R-portion of Fig. 2.
In figure, each appended drawing reference: 0, side slope;1, grass seeds cream packet;2, conduit pipe;3, retaining wall;31, aqueduct;4, careless Seat;5, straw rope;6, drip irrigation pipe;7, anchor pole;8, grass seeds cream ball;9, silk screen.
Specific embodiment
In the following, being described further in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment to the present invention, it should be noted that not Under the premise of conflicting, new implementation can be formed between various embodiments described below or between each technical characteristic in any combination Example.
The present invention provides a kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
1) water will be added to be modulated into thick shape liquid containing CMC-Na, yeast extract, inorganic salts, agar, thick shape liquid is adhered to sieve plate On;Grass seeds is spread on sieve plate, squeezes sieve pore, it is dry, obtain grass seeds cream packet;
The step be by by grass seeds formed have mechanical protection, water holding capacity, provide the shell karyomorphism grass seeds cream packet of nutrition, So as to make the germination and survival odds that significantly provide grass seeds;
2) using silk thread as axis, 2 or more natural fibers and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain the grass that diameter is 0.8-1.5cm Rope;2-4g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
The step is set in natural fiber by sandwiching grass seeds cream, by the capillarity of natural fiber to delay Slowly, lasting water supply, after grass seeds germination, while natural fiber is that cursive script also provides fixed support, so that cursive script root system obtains More preferably develop;The natural fiber be preferably have certain water holding capacity such as the rope made of hemp or cotton cord, straw rope;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
On the one hand the step can make the water outlet of drip irrigation pipe by the capillary of straw rope by interacting in drip irrigation pipe and straw rope It is impregnated with to grass seeds to pipe even action, on the other hand provides rigid support for drip irrigation pipe, sandstone impact can be effectively reduced to trickle irrigation The ill-effect power of pipe;
4) every 5-20g/m is pressed using stalk, silk thread and grass seeds cream packet2Density weave straw screen or mat;
Straw screen or mat in the present invention knits grass seeds cream packet by folder, to persistently supply water as sand block and water-permeable and air permeable clathrum To grass seeds, grown up using grass seeds in the cream packet fast germination in the Nutrient medium to be formed that soaks;It is fixed support with straw screen or mat, to grow Out
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, retaining wall is set in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with and conduit pipe The aqueduct being connected;
By the way that conduit pipe is arranged, it can effectively dredge, prevent rainwater entrainment sandstone or grass seeds from flowing down, to preferably protect sand Anti- stream;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains laterally is laid in the junction of straw screen or mat, in the connection of straw screen or mat The longitudinal straw rope for being laid with step 1) and obtaining in place, beats anchor pole and fixes in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection;
To combining from point, line and face, and the mesh-supported reinforced is formed, then grass seeds is made to take root wherein reinforcing, from And formed kind can effective fixation surface sandstone vegetation;
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
I.e. the present invention forms sand block in side slope by following steps and quickly forms vegetation: 1) preparation is enclosed with nutrition base Grass seeds cream packet;2) grass-trap kind cream packet weaves straw rope;3) straw rope is wound outside drip irrigation pipe;4) grass-trap kind cream packet weaves a straw mat;5) Dig conduit pipe;6) straw mat, drip irrigation pipe and straw rope are laid with and consolidates anchor pole and is fixed;7) it waters.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of preparation method of the thick shape liquid of nutrition, comprising the following steps:
By 120g CMC-Na, 10g yeast extract, 10g ammonium nitrate, 5g magnesium sulfate, 10g potassium hydrogen phosphate, 250g agar and 120g Water mixing, mixes well, obtains the thick shape liquid of culture medium.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
1) the thick shape liquid for obtaining embodiment 1 is adhered on the sieve plate that aperture is 3mm;Class reed seed, class are spread on sieve plate The weight of reed seed and the mass ratio of thick shape liquid scrape crowded sieve pore for 1: 2 repeatedly, collect extrudate in sieve pore, dry, obtain grass Kind cream packet;
2) withGalvanized iron silk thread be axis, 3 straw and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain diameter to be 1.0cm Straw rope;3g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside 9/12mm drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
4) using stalk,Galvanized iron silk thread and grass seeds cream packet press every 10g/m2Density weave straw screen or mat;
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, for conduit pipe by restraining shape in tree-shaped shape along to lower edge in side slope, water guide is logical Road lower edge is spaced apart, and retaining wall is arranged in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with the aqueduct being connected with conduit pipe;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains laterally is laid in the junction of straw screen or mat, in the connection of straw screen or mat The longitudinal straw rope for being laid with step 1) and obtaining in place, beats anchor pole and fixes in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection, anchor pole anchor Deep 3-5mm
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
The germination percentage of the rock slope quick recovery method that embodiment 2 provides, class reed seed is high, 2 after anchor pole is fixed In a week, observes that 90% class reed seed has grown up to 5cm high, be substantially finished vegetative coverage.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
1) the thick shape liquid for obtaining embodiment 1 is adhered on the sieve plate that aperture is 2mm;Class reed seed, class are spread on sieve plate The weight of reed seed and the mass ratio of thick shape liquid scrape crowded sieve pore for 1: 3 repeatedly, collect extrudate in sieve pore, dry, obtain grass Kind cream packet;
2) withGalvanized iron silk thread be axis, 2 straw and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain diameter to be 0.8cm Straw rope;4g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside 9/12mm drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
4) using stalk,Galvanized iron silk thread and grass seeds cream packet press every 5g/m2Density weave straw screen or mat;
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, for conduit pipe by restraining shape in tree-shaped shape along to lower edge in side slope, water guide is logical Road lower edge is spaced apart, and retaining wall is arranged in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with the aqueduct being connected with conduit pipe;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains laterally is laid in the junction of straw screen or mat, in the connection of straw screen or mat The longitudinal straw rope for being laid with step 1) and obtaining in place, beats anchor pole and fixes in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection, anchor pole anchor Deep 3-5mm;
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
The germination percentage of the rock slope quick recovery method that embodiment 3 provides, class reed seed is high, 2 after anchor pole is fixed After a week, observes that 90% class reed seed has grown up to and reached 5cm high, be substantially finished vegetative coverage.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
1) the thick shape liquid for obtaining embodiment 1 is adhered on the sieve plate that aperture is 4mm;Class reed seed, class are spread on sieve plate The weight of reed seed and the mass ratio of thick shape liquid are 1: 1, scrape crowded sieve pore repeatedly, collect extrudate in sieve pore, dry, obtain grass Kind cream packet;
2) withGalvanized iron silk thread be axis, 3 straw and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain diameter to be 1.5cm Straw rope;2g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside 9/12mm drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
4) using stalk,Galvanized iron silk thread and grass seeds cream packet press every 20g/m2Density weave straw screen or mat;
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, for conduit pipe by restraining shape in tree-shaped shape along to lower edge in side slope, water guide is logical Road lower edge is spaced apart, and retaining wall is arranged in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with the aqueduct being connected with conduit pipe;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains laterally is laid in the junction of straw screen or mat, in the connection of straw screen or mat The longitudinal straw rope for being laid with step 1) and obtaining in place, beats anchor pole and fixes in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection, anchor pole anchor Deep 3-5mm;
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
The germination percentage of the rock slope quick recovery method that embodiment 4 provides, class reed seed is high, 2 after anchor pole is fixed After a week, observes that 90% class reed seed has grown up to 5cm high, be substantially finished vegetative coverage.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
Step 1) is same as Example 2 to step 7);After 2 week after anchor pole is fixed, step 8) is carried out;
8): by the seed of Caulis Miscanthis floriduli and titbit with etc. weight the seed of Herba Paspali orbicularis and the ratio of titbit mix, then with Etc. the embodiment 1 of weight thick shape liquid it is compound, mix, be made the sphere of 3cm, the density of every seed is 0.8g/cm3;It dries, Obtain grass seeds cream ball;Grass seeds cream ball is coated and fixed at anchor pole by emery cloth;2 grass seeds cream balls at each anchor pole;
9): being watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
The rock slope quick recovery method that embodiment 5 provides is observed after 2 week after grass seeds cream ball is fixed It has more than 80% grass seeds cream ball to have sprouted and long root, root system is up to 3cm.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of rock slope quick recovery method, comprising the following steps:
Step 1) is same as Example 2 to step 7);After 2 week after anchor thousand is fixed, step 8) is carried out;
8): dicotyledon Chenopodiaceae seed and the thick shape liquid of the embodiment 1 of 2 times of weight is compound, it mixes, dries, obtain Grass seeds cream ball;Grass seeds cream ball is coated and fixed at anchor pole by wire mesh;2 grass seeds cream balls at each anchor pole;
9): being watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
The rock slope quick recovery method that embodiment 6 provides is observed after 2 week after grass seeds cream ball is fixed 80% grass seeds cream ball is had more than to have sprouted and long root, root length are more than 3cm up to 80%.
Embodiment 7:
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the structure of the fast quick-recovery of a kind of rock slope, comprising:
Grass seeds cream packet 1 is made of grass seeds and the culture medium lotion being wrapped in outside grass seeds;
Conduit pipe 2 is dug in side slope 0, is from top to bottom in tree root dispersed;
Retaining wall 3 is arranged in side slope lower edge, and is equipped with the aqueduct 31 being connected with the conduit pipe;
Straw mat 4 is knitted grass seeds cream packet and is formed by stalk, silk thread folder;It is layed in slope table face with connecting two-by-two;
Straw rope 5 is knitted grass seeds cream packet by the natural fiber folder of tough matter silk thread and 2 strands or more and is formed;Longitudinally it is laid on two-phase The lap-joint of overlapped straw mat;
Drip irrigation pipe 6, periphery are wound with straw rope, are laterally laid with two-phase overlapped the lap-joint of straw mat;
Anchor pole 7 is in N-shaped, and bracket, drip irrigation pipe and the straw mat that two diagonally splice are fixed two-by-two, the rebate and drop of anchor pole The outer straw rope wound of pipe is filled to offset.
The structure that the embodiment provides is corresponding with the method that embodiment 2-4 is provided, and grass seeds leads within straw rope and straw mat It crosses the protection of capillary immersional wetting to moisten, conduit pipe can effectively reduce the cream outside grass seeds and be coated with the risk washed away, prevent simultaneously Grass seeds flood is bad;Environment is nourished in the protection of grass seeds cream packet offer, the germination percentage of grass seeds can be effectively improved, so that cursive script be made quickly to exist Vegetation is formed in rock slope;Straw rope is wrapped in outside drip irrigation pipe, provides resilient support for drip irrigation pipe, is efficiently reduced because of stone matter side The problem of slope is by the fracture for leading to drip irrigation pipe is washed away.
Embodiment 8:
As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of structure of the fast quick-recovery of rock slope, comprising:
Grass seeds cream packet is made of grass seeds and the culture medium lotion being wrapped in outside grass seeds;
Conduit pipe is dug in side slope, is from top to bottom in tree root dispersed;
Retaining wall is arranged in side slope lower edge, and is equipped with the aqueduct being connected with the conduit pipe;
Straw mat is knitted grass seeds cream packet and is formed by stalk, silk thread folder;It is layed in slope table face with connecting two-by-two;
Straw rope is knitted grass seeds cream packet by the natural fiber folder of tough matter silk thread and 2 strands or more and is formed;Two-phase is longitudinally laid on to take The lap-joint of the straw mat connect;
Drip irrigation pipe, periphery are wound with straw rope, are laterally laid with two-phase overlapped the lap-joint of straw mat;
Anchor pole is in N-shaped, two-by-two bracket, and drip irrigation pipe and the straw mat that two diagonally splice are fixed by the stitch portion of anchor pole, anchor pole Rebate offsets with the straw rope wound outside drip irrigation pipe;
Grass seeds cream ball 8 is made of monocotyledon and its titbit and the culture medium lotion being wrapped in outside tree species;The grass seeds Cream ball is wound on anchor pole by silk screen 9.
In embodiment 8, further it can also follow closely an anchor pole again on silk screen and fix.
The method of the structure corresponding embodiment 5-6 of the present embodiment, by first grass seeds being used quickly to form grass vegetation protection, Stable, lasting plant vegetation is formed by tree species again, to promote the permanent recovery of rock slope.The fixed position of tree species is excellent It is selected as at anchor pole, with the support that gap is larger, stable at this, the root system of tree species can be raw along the rebate of anchor pole or stitch portion It is long, it also can wind drip irrigation pipe, straw rope growth, to develop into firm plant again.
The above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, The variation and replacement for any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art is done on the basis of the present invention belong to institute of the present invention Claimed range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of rock slope quick recovery method, which comprises the following steps:
1) water will be added to be modulated into thick shape liquid containing CMC-Na, yeast extract, inorganic salts, agar, thick shape liquid will be adhered on sieve plate;To Grass seeds is spread on sieve plate, squeezes sieve pore, it is dry, obtain grass seeds cream packet;
2) using tough matter silk thread as axis, 2 or more natural fibers and grass seeds cream packet spiral interweave to obtain the grass that diameter is 0.8-1.5cm Rope;2-4g grass seeds cream packet is added in every 10cm;
3) straw rope for obtaining step 3) is wound in outside drip irrigation pipe, obtains winding drip irrigation pipe;
4) every 5-20g/m is pressed using stalk, tough matter silk thread and grass seeds cream packet2Density weave straw screen or mat;
5) conduit pipe is dug in side slope, retaining wall is set in the lower end of side slope, retaining wall is equipped with to be connected with conduit pipe Logical aqueduct;
6) it is laid with straw screen or mat, is laterally laid with the winding drip irrigation pipe that step 3) obtains in the junction of straw screen or mat, it is vertical in the junction of straw screen or mat The straw rope obtained to laying step 1) is beaten anchor pole and is fixed in straw screen or mat, winding drip irrigation pipe and straw rope three intersection;
7) it is watered according to rain event, holding straw rope rope body is wet but dripless is dripped.
2. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that inorganic salts described in step 1) include nitric acid Ammonium, magnesium sulfate and potassium hydrogen phosphate;Wherein, CMC-Na, yeast extract, ammonium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, potassium hydrogen phosphate, agar add the weight of water Than for (10-15): (0.5-1.5): (0.5-1.5): (0.4-0.6): (0.8-1.5): (15-30): (10-15).
3. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 2), grass seeds diameter is 1-3mm, Sieve diameter is 2-4mm.
4. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 2), the tough matter silk thread is gold Belong to silk thread or macromolecule silk thread, wire diameter 0.2-0.5mm.
5. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 4), a length of (0.5- of straw screen or mat 1.2) m, width are (1.5-2.5) m with a thickness of 0.08-0.12m.
6. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 5), the conduit pipe is by side Edge is to side wave lower edge in convergent netted on slope.
7. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 6), the anchor pole penetrates depth For 2-5cm.
8. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that further comprising the steps of after step 6): will Monocotyledonous seeds and titbit and the thick shape liquid of step 1) are compound, mix, and molding dries, obtains grass seeds cream ball;By grass seeds cream Ball is fixed at anchor pole.
9. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the monocotyledonous seeds are grass Section: one or more of class reed, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, Herba Paspali orbicularis, pale reddish brown big winged bean or molasses grass.
10. rock slope quick recovery method as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the grass seeds cream ball is fixed by silk screen At anchor pole.
CN201910004934.5A 2019-01-03 Rapid restoration method for vegetation on rocky slope Active CN109673400B (en)

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CN106759392A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽星美秸秆循环利用科技有限公司 One kind application Stalk blanket is to highway bank protecting method
CN106804154A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-06-09 东北大学 One kind greening culture net and preparation method thereof and application method
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1358905A (en) * 2001-12-28 2002-07-17 邓申义 Biological technology sand proof net
CN2533659Y (en) * 2002-03-14 2003-02-05 陈传标 Vegetational zone
CN101818499A (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-09-01 深圳市如茵生态环境建设有限公司 Revegetation system on steep rocky slopes and implementing method thereof
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN203022011U (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-06-26 长沙理工大学 Grass rope type full ecological side slope protection structure
CN106759392A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽星美秸秆循环利用科技有限公司 One kind application Stalk blanket is to highway bank protecting method
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CN108243897A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-07-06 青岛冠中生态股份有限公司 For the high heat insulating ability matrix of high altitude localities breakage mountain body revegetation

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