CN109665870B - Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109665870B
CN109665870B CN201811480325.9A CN201811480325A CN109665870B CN 109665870 B CN109665870 B CN 109665870B CN 201811480325 A CN201811480325 A CN 201811480325A CN 109665870 B CN109665870 B CN 109665870B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dry
transparent
glaze
parts
mass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201811480325.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109665870A (en
Inventor
谢志军
赵存河
吴耀驹
尹伟
刘忠良
许雪娇
黄玲艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Monalisa Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Monalisa Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Monalisa Group Co Ltd filed Critical Monalisa Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811480325.9A priority Critical patent/CN109665870B/en
Publication of CN109665870A publication Critical patent/CN109665870A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109665870B publication Critical patent/CN109665870B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/04Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing zinc
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/16Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions with vehicle or suspending agents, e.g. slip
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/22Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions containing two or more distinct frits having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation

Abstract

The invention relates to a flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and a preparation method thereof, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps: pressing the green body with a mold having a plurality of textures; and applying base glaze, ink-jet printing, semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze on the surface of the blank, and sintering to obtain the flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick.

Description

Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of ceramic building materials, and particularly relates to a flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and a preparation method thereof.
Background
At present, ceramic tile products with mold effects in the market are prepared in various manners, however, the production of a plane mold or a single-surface concave-convex mold is mainly used, the surface of the plane mold is too single, and the plane mold is relatively simulated by others, so that the homogenization is also serious. For example, patent document CN 201280805Y discloses a die tile, which mainly protrudes a tile body having a square uneven surface with longitudinal and transverse intervals on the front surface of the die and a surface layer having a corresponding metallic luster. Secondly, the product market with the plane effect is too much, and the product is easy to be in aesthetic fatigue.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention aims to provide a ceramic tile with variable surface effects, richer appearance and more distinct layers, and a preparation method thereof.
On one hand, the invention provides a preparation method of a flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick, which comprises the following steps:
pressing the green body with a mold having a plurality of textures;
and applying base glaze, ink-jet printing, semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze on the surface of the blank, and sintering to obtain the flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick.
According to the invention, the green body is pressed by a mould with various textures, so that the surface of the green body has various patterns, the ground coat is applied on the surface of the green brick with various patterns, pattern colors are printed by ink jet, the dry grain glaze with special effect is applied, after high-temperature sintering, different gloss reflection surface effects are shown at different patterns, the surface effect is variable, the appearance is richer, and the level is more distinct.
Preferably, the mold is obtained by engraving a plurality of textures on a concave-convex mold, preferably, the material of the mold is resin, and the engraving method is laser engraving.
Preferably, the ground glaze comprises the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 6.5-7.5%; SiO 22:45~53%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.05~0.3%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.0~8.5%;MgO:3.1~3.8%;K2O:3.3~4.4%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:1.2~2.5%;ZrO2:6~10%。
Preferably, the under coat contains calcined alumina having a particle size of 325 to 400 mesh.
Preferably, the semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze comprises: by mass, 65-75% of matte transparent dry particles, 20-30% of crystal bright transparent dry particles and 5-10% of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles.
Preferably, the gloss of the semi-gloss transparent dry granules after being fired is 10-14 degrees, and preferably, the formula components of the semi-gloss transparent dry granules are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:50~60%;Al2O3:18~24%;CaO:7.0~10.0%;MgO:2.0~3.5%;K2O:4.1~5.2%;Na2O:0.1~0.5%;ZnO:4.5~5.5%;SrO:1.5~2.5%。
Preferably, the glossiness of the baked crystal bright transparent dry particles is 50-60 degrees, and the formula components of the crystal bright transparent dry particles are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:63.1~71.2%;Al2O3:9.3~11.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:1.5~2.5%;K2O:2.6~3.7%;Na2O:2.5~3.5%;ZnO:1.0~2.15%。
Preferably, the formula components of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 0.0-0.3%; SiO 22:45.2~51.05%;Al2O3:20~25%;CaO:14.0~16.5%;MgO:0.25~1.0%;K2O:3.0~4.5%;Na2O:0.0~0.2%;ZnO:5.0~8.0%。
Preferably, the fineness of the matte transparent dry particles is 90-150 meshes, the fineness of the crystal bright transparent dry particles is 60-120 meshes, and the fineness of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles is 100-160 meshes.
Preferably, the semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze is made into dry grain glaze slip for application.
Preferably, the dry particle glaze slurry comprises: 40-50 parts of composite dry particles and 100-110 parts of adhesive by mass.
Preferably, the formulation of the adhesive is as follows: 55-65 parts of water, 2.0-3.5 parts of sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 15-20 parts of ethylene glycol, 4.5-5.5 parts of acrylic copolymer, 3-5 parts of polyurethane and 3.5-5 parts of sodium polycarboxylate by mass.
Preferably, the flow rate of the dry particle glaze slurry is 30-36 seconds, the specific gravity is 1.32-1.36 g/mL, and the glazing amount is 340-380 g/m2
In a second aspect, the present invention provides a flexible textured porcelain archaized tile made by any of the above-described methods of making.
According to the invention, different area changes of the die are fused with the design pattern, and the rich texture color effect of multi-directional change combination can be carried out, the depth and the texture of the die at different surface areas are combined differently, if moderate soft light is added at the later stage, the brilliant reflection visual effect of multi-design texture appears on the protruding part of the surface, so that the product is more abundant in performance and more vivid in level.
Drawings
FIG. 1 illustrates a die design texture and layout in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows an inkjet printed pattern according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples, which are to be understood as merely illustrative and not restrictive. The following percentages are by mass unless otherwise specified.
Disclosed herein is a method for preparing a flexible pattern porcelain archaized tile. Flexibility means that the product has a cut product which can be later cut into different products according to the sizes of different die line areas or cut into the same size with random position change according to requirements.
First, a green body is prepared. In one embodiment, the green body is pressed with a mold having a variety of stylized textures and registration dimensions. Different from common lines, concave-convex and special-shaped textures, in the embodiment, the mold patterns are positioned on the same blank body, and the mold patterns in each positioning size have larger pattern difference. The mould can have different depths and textures at different positions, and has abundant texture patterns. Therefore, the surface of the prepared green brick also has abundant texture patterns, and particularly can have a fine engraving effect. The grain pattern on the surface of the green brick can be matched with the ink-jet printing pattern.
The mould with various design style textures and positioning sizes can be obtained by positioning and carving various textures on a common mould or a single concave-convex mould. The carving method is preferably laser carving, and the laser carving method can perfectly express fine design and has fine and smooth section through high-power energy non-contact cutting. The material of the mould can be resin material, preferably high-strength resin material, which is temperature-resistant and not easy to soften, so that the good carving shape and detail can be kept.
In one embodiment, the pattern patterns of multiple effect elements are combined on a single mold, and the proportional sizes of the elements are aesthetically assigned. Different engraving processes and depths are selected for different element patterns, and the pattern patterns have different heights, heights and sizes, so that ink can be adsorbed and dispersed differently, and the change of the connection and disconnection depths of the patterns is formed. The height difference of the pattern can be 0.2-1.5 mm. The number of modules can be 4-10. The area ratio of each module can be between 1 and 10. The whole module area can be between 0.36 and 2.88 square meters. FIG. 1 illustrates a die design texture and layout in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. In the embodiment, the die adopts five-type combination, and five different design effects are achieved.
Then, a base coat is applied on the green body. In order to avoid influencing the fine engraving effect on the surface of the blank body, the ground glaze is preferably low in glazing amount, strong in covering property and bright in color development.
The content of aluminum and potassium in the ground coat can be higher, so that the firing temperature range is widened, and under the same glazing amount, the covering stability change and the color development change are small. For example, the content of aluminum oxide in the ground coat can be 22-26%, and the content of potassium oxide can be 3.3-4.4%. In a preferred embodiment, the formula of the ground coat comprises the following chemical components: loss on Ignition (IL): 6.5-7.5%; SiO 22:45~53%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.05~0.3%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.0~8.5%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:3.3~4.4%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:1.2~2.5%;ZrO2: 6-10%. The ground coat can play a stronger role of covering under a lower glazing amount and has bright color development.
The ground coat preferably contains ultra-fine aluminum to enhance color development. The superfine aluminum refers to aluminum-containing raw materials with superfine particle sizes. For example, the particle size of the ultra-fine aluminum may be 325 to 400 mesh calcined alumina.
The ground glaze can be made into ground glaze slurry for distribution. The application method can be glaze spraying, glaze pouring and the like. In a preferred embodiment, high-pressure glaze spraying is adopted, and the glaze spraying pressure can be 8-12 MPa. Ground glaze slipThe specific gravity of (A) can be 1.40-1.46 g/mL. The glazing amount is preferably low, for example, the application amount of the ground glaze slurry can be 360-380 g/m2
Then, ink-jet printing is performed on the ground coat. The ink-jet printed pattern can be suitably varied in color to interact with the blank pattern, as shown, for example, in FIG. 2. The ink can be printed by a digital ink-jet printer. The ceramic ink used may be blue, brown, orange, lemon yellow, black, red, etc. Preferably, inkjet 3D printing may be performed.
After drying the ink, semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze (composite dry grain for short) is distributed. The ink drying method may be, for example, electro-drying.
The semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze is semi-transparent after being fired, and the surface effect is dry grains on the surface of the jade after being softly polished. The semi-permeable jade composite dry grain glaze can comprise three dry grains: matte transparent dry granules, brilliant transparent dry granules, and wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules.
The matte transparent dry pellets are dry pellets that are matte and transparent after firing (the matte gloss is generally 25 degrees or less, and they have slight transparency). In one embodiment, the matte transparent dry granules are high-temperature matte transparent dry granules, and the formulation ingredients are as follows: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:50~60%;Al2O3:18~24%;CaO:7.0~10.0%;MgO:2.0~3.5%;K2O:4.1~5.2%;Na2O: 0.1-0.5%; ZnO: 4.5-5.5%; SrO: 1.5 to 2.5 percent. The firing temperature of the matt transparent dry particles is 1180-1200 ℃, the gloss after firing is 10-14 ℃, the melting point is high, the air is easy to exhaust, the bright sublevel effect of the surface of a product can be improved, air holes are reduced, and the antifouling performance is improved.
The content of the matte transparent dry particles in the semi-transparent jade composite dry particle glaze is preferably higher, for example, 65-75 wt%. If the content is too high, the gloss of the tile surface is lowered and the transparency is poor.
The crystal bright transparent dry granules are dry granules which give out bright flashing visual effect after being burnt and have good permeability. The crystal bright transparent dry granules can adjust the semi-transparent jade texture of the composite dry granules. In one embodiment, the formulation of the brilliant transparent dry granules comprises the following components: by massLoss on ignition: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:63.1~71.2%;Al2O3:9.3~11.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:1.5~2.5%;K2O:2.6~3.7%;Na2O:2.5~3.5%;ZnO:1.0~2.15%。
The content of the crystal bright transparent dry particles in the semi-transparent jade composite dry particle glaze is preferably 20-30 wt%. If the content of the pigment is too low, the brick surface has low transparency and weak color rendering; if the content of the polishing agent is too high, the glossiness of the brick surface is higher, the contrast between the soft polishing and the non-polishing is not enough, and the gloss level is unclear.
The wear-resistant and anti-skid dry particles can improve the wear-resistant and anti-skid capacity of the surface of the product. In one embodiment, the formula of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules comprises the following components: loss on ignition by mass: 0.0-0.3%; SiO 22:45.2~51.05%;Al2O3:20~25%;CaO:14.0~16.5%;MgO:0.25~1.0%;K2O:3.0~4.5%;Na2O: 0.0-0.2%; ZnO: 5.0 to 8.0 percent. By adopting the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles, the wear resistance of the product can reach 4 grades, so that the product has durability and an anti-skid effect.
The content of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles in the semi-permeable jade composite dry particle glaze is preferably 5-10 wt%. If the content is too low, the wear-resistant and anti-skid properties of the surface of the product are insufficient; if the content is too high, the product may be too coarse.
The fineness of the three dry particles, namely the matte transparent dry particles, the crystal bright transparent dry particles and the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles, can be selected according to the principle that the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles can be dispersed in the matte transparent dry particles and the crystal bright transparent dry particles, so that the texture of the dry particle surface is maintained, and the anti-skid force is increased. For example, in one embodiment, the fineness of the matte transparent dry particles is between 90 and 150 meshes, the fineness of the brilliant transparent dry particles is between 60 and 120 meshes, and the fineness of the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles is between 100 and 160 meshes.
According to the invention, by matching the matte transparent dry particles, the crystal bright transparent dry particles and the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles, the brick surface has a bright matte hierarchical effect, few pores after burning, semi-transparent jade texture, wear resistance and skid resistance. The composite dry grain effect is mutually superposed with the blank pattern effect and the ink-jet pattern effect, so that the color and the level of the ceramic tile are more abundant and changeable.
In one embodiment, the semi-permeable jade composite dry glaze is prepared into slurry (dry slurry) and applied. In the preferred embodiment, the thin-method slurry pouring process is adopted for glazing, so that the mold surface and the layering effect of the product can be kept, the color is bright and strong, and the production and use cost is reduced. The thin method slurry pouring process is to apply a thin uniform glaze layer in a glaze pouring mode, the glaze application amount is low, and the effect under the glaze layer is slightly influenced. The main purpose of the slurry spraying process by the thin method is to make the glaze layer thinner, reduce the glazing amount, and maintain the surface uniformity, if the glaze layer is sprayed with glaze, the uniformity of the glaze layer will be deteriorated.
In order to keep the good flowing property of the dry particle slurry when the glazing amount is low, a binding agent can be added into the composite dry particles to increase the dispersibility and the flowability among the dry particles. In one embodiment, a dry pellet slurry comprises: 40-50 parts of composite dry particles and 100-110 parts of adhesive by mass. The adhesive comprises the following formula proportion: 55-65 parts of water, 2.0-3.5 parts of sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 15-20 parts of ethylene glycol, 4.5-5.5 parts of acrylic copolymer, 3-5 parts of polyurethane and 3.5-5 parts of sodium polycarboxylate. The adhesive has excellent fluidity and dry particle dispersing effect.
The flow rate of the dry particle slurry can be 30-36 seconds per cup. The flow rate here means that a 100ml flow cup is filled with a sample, a small hole (diameter of 0.5mm) is opened in the bottom of the flow cup, and the time from the start to the end of the flow of the sample is defined as the flow rate of the sample.
The specific gravity of the dry particle slurry can be 1.32-1.36 g/mL. The application amount of the dry particle slurry can be 340-380 g/m2
And (3) applying the semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze, drying and sintering. The firing period can be 55-60 minutes, and the maximum firing temperature can be 1200-1225 ℃.
After firing, the thickness of the ground coat layer can be 0.08-0.12 mm, and the thickness of the semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze layer can be 0.10-0.15 mm.
After firing, soft polishing is preferably carried out, so that the luster of the surface jade crystal grains is effectively improved. In one embodiment, the soft polishing is performed by using a high-number elastic modules, and the number of the elastic modules can be 2000-3000.
In the method, the flexible die is used and matched with a pattern color design which is suitable for change, the dry grain slurry with semi-transparent jade is applied to the surface of the brick by thin method slurry spraying, and the luster of the grains with transparent jade on the surface is effectively improved by the soft polishing process.
After the soft polishing, the surface of the brick is polished to be crystal-clear and transparent, and is like ice balls which are hidden at different positions of the surface of the brick and are larger or smaller or longer or shorter.
The porcelain tile disclosed by the invention is integrated with non-skid and non-rough porcelain tiles, and has no obvious defects of pinholes, glaze bubbles and the like on the surface. And the wear resistance reaches 4 grades, and the wear resistance has excellent durability.
The ceramic tile disclosed by the invention has the characteristics of square mixed paving and cutting random combined paving, and is suitable for various use occasions. Is not influenced by environmental factors and can be widely applied to various interior and exterior walls and ground decoration.
The ceramic brick disclosed by the invention is completely sintered, the water absorption is controlled within 0.5%, and through the use of the full-melting-block dry particles, the burnt exhaust holes are reduced, the surface antifouling effect is good, and the ceramic brick is easy to clean.
The porcelain tile disclosed by the invention has the advantages of stable performance, small influence factors of time and environment, high wear resistance, long service life and wide market economic benefit, and can keep new feeling for a long time.
The present invention will be described in detail by way of examples. It is also to be understood that the following examples are illustrative of the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and that certain insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art may be made in light of the above teachings. The specific process parameters and the like of the following examples are also only one example of suitable ranges, i.e., those skilled in the art can select the appropriate ranges through the description herein, and are not limited to the specific values exemplified below.
Example 1
Porcelain archaizing by flexible patternThe color-developing ground coat with high covering power has the following formula components: IL: 6.82 percent; SiO 22:45.85%;Al2O3:24.44%;Fe2O3:0.12%;TiO2:0.08%;CaO:6.95%;MgO:3.21%;K2O:3.55%;Na2O:0.33%;ZnO:1.29%;ZrO2:7.56%。
The formula of the composite dry particle consists of 3 parts, namely high-temperature matte transparent dry particles, crystal bright transparent dry particles and wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles, wherein the three dry particles are mixed according to a proportion.
The formula of the high-temperature matte transparent dry particle comprises the following components: IL: 0.15 percent; SiO 22:57.02%;Al2O3:20.43%;CaO:8.2%;MgO:2.83%;K2O:4.58%;Na2O:0.39%;ZnO:4.63%;SrO:1.77%。
The formula of the crystal clear dry granules comprises the following components: IL: 0.27 percent; SiO 22:69.49%;Al2O3:10.86%;CaO:9.91%;MgO:1.77%;K2O:2.84%;Na2O:2.93%;ZnO:1.37%。
The wear-resistant anti-skid dry particle comprises the following components in percentage by weight: IL: 0.26 percent; SiO 22:49.54%;Al2O3:22.06%;CaO:16.05;MgO:0.46%;K2O:3.89%;Na2O:0.11%;ZnO:7.0%。
The formula of the thin method slurry-spraying dry granular glaze is as follows.
The compound dry particle proportion is as follows: 66% of high-temperature matte transparent dry particles, 26% of crystal clear transparent dry materials and 8% of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles by mass.
The dry particle glaze slip comprises the following ingredients: compounding dry particles by mass: 48 parts of adhesive: 104 parts, flow 33 seconds per cup. The processing mode is stirring.
The adhesive comprises the following formula proportion: by mass, 65 parts of water, 3.0 parts of low-viscosity sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (purchased from Fukui New Polymer fibers Co., Ltd., model No. FH9.00464), 19 parts of ethylene glycol, 5.0 parts of acrylic copolymer (purchased from Union solid New Material science and technology Co., Ltd., model No. 4005), 4 parts of polyurethane (purchased from Union solid New Material science and technology Co., Ltd., model No. 2148H), and 3.5 parts of sodium polycarboxylate (purchased from university New Material science and technology Co., Ltd., model No. DSX 2000).
The preparation method comprises the following specific steps.
Preparing a blank body: and replacing the mould with flexible design and manufacture with a press to press a flexible mould blank.
And (3) drying the blank body in a drying kiln, and spraying the high-covering color-developing ground coat (the specific gravity is 1.46, 130-135 g/piece).
Multi-color ink-jet printing.
Slurry-spraying semi-permeable jade composite dry particle glaze (the specific gravity is 1.33, and the specific gravity is 110-.
After the kiln is fired, soft polishing is carried out, and then edge grinding and grading packaging are carried out. The area of the resulting ceramic tile was 600 x 600 mm.
The water absorption was determined by the following method: the principle is that the dry brick is placed in water to absorb water until saturation is tested, and the dry mass of the brick, the mass after water absorption saturation and the mass in water are used for calculating related characteristic parameters. The boiling method is generally used, and the instruments used are: drying cabinet, heating device, heat source, balance, deionized water, desicator. The abrasion resistance was tested by the following method: the abrasion resistance of the ceramic tile is evaluated by placing a medium on the glaze surface and rotating, and observing and comparing the abraded sample with the unworn sample. Common instruments are: grinding medium, abrasion tester, drying cabinet, balance. Stain resistance was tested by the following method: the contamination resistance of the brick is determined by contacting a sample solution and a material (a staining agent) with the front face of the brick, allowing the contact to act for a certain period of time, then washing the brick face by a prescribed washing method, and observing the visible change of the brick face. Common instruments are: and (7) a drying box. The product physical property test part data is as follows: water absorption of 0.03%, wear-resistant 2100 brick, and pollution resistance of grade 5.
Example 2
The difference from the example 1 is that the formula of the high-temperature matte transparent dry particle comprises the following components: IL: 0.10 percent; SiO 22:53.02%;Al2O3:22.43%;CaO:8.9%;MgO:3.23%;K2O:4.58%;Na2O: 0.35 percent; ZnO: 5.13 percent; SrO: 2.27 percent; transparent crystal dry granuleThe formula comprises the following components: IL: 0.24 percent; SiO 22:67.88%;Al2O3:11.82%;CaO:10.55%;MgO:1.97%;K2O:3.24%;Na2O: 2.73 percent; ZnO: 1.55 percent; the wear-resistant anti-skid dry particle comprises the following components in percentage by weight: IL: 0.26 percent; SiO 22:47.98%;Al2O3:23.16%;CaO:15.85%;MgO:0.55%;K2O:4.22%;Na2O:0.15%;ZnO:7.88%。
Through tests, the data of the product physical performance test part are as follows: water absorption of 0.06%, wear-resistant 2100 brick, and pollution resistance of grade 5.

Claims (8)

1. A preparation method of a flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick is characterized by comprising the following steps:
pressing the green body with a mold having a plurality of textures;
applying base glaze, ink-jet printing, semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze on the surface of the blank, and sintering to obtain the flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick;
the semi-transparent jade composite dry grain glaze comprises: by mass, 65-75% of matte transparent dry particles, 20-30% of crystal bright transparent dry particles and 5-10% of wear-resistant anti-skid dry particles;
the glossiness of the fired matte transparent dry particles is 10-14 degrees; the formula of the matte transparent dry granules comprises the following components: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:50~60%;Al2O3:18~24%;CaO:7.0~10.0%;MgO:2.0~3.5%;K2O:4.1~5.2%;Na2O:0.1~0.5%;ZnO:4.5~5.5%;SrO:1.5~2.5%;
The glossiness of the baked crystal bright transparent dry particles is 50-60 degrees; the formula of the crystal clear dry granules comprises the following components: loss on ignition by mass: 0 to 0.3 percent; SiO 22:63.1~71.2%;Al2O3:9.3~11.9%;CaO:9.0~11.5%;MgO:1.5~2.5%;K2O:2.6~3.7%;Na2O:2.5~3.5%;ZnO:1.0~2.15%;
The wear-resistant anti-skid dry granules comprise the following components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition by mass: 0.0-0.3%; SiO 22:45.2~51.05%;Al2O3:20~25%;CaO:14.0~16.5%;MgO:0.25~1.0%;K2O:3.0~4.5%;Na2O:0.0~0.2%;ZnO:5.0~8.0%;
The brick surface of the flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick has a bright matte hierarchical effect.
2. The production method according to claim 1, wherein the mold is obtained by laser engraving on a resin mold.
3. The preparation method according to claim 1, characterized in that the ground coat comprises the following chemical components: loss on ignition by mass: 6.5-7.5%; SiO 22:45~53%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.05~0.3%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.0~8.5%;MgO:3.1~3.8%;K2O:3.3~4.4%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:1.2~2.5%;ZrO2:6~10%。
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the under coat contains calcined alumina having a particle size of 325 to 400 mesh.
5. The preparation method of the wear-resistant and skid-resistant dry particle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fineness of the matte transparent dry particle is 90-150 meshes, the fineness of the brilliant transparent dry particle is 60-120 meshes, and the fineness of the wear-resistant and skid-resistant dry particle is 100-160 meshes.
6. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the semi-transparent jade composite dry glaze is prepared into dry glaze slip for application,
the dry particle glaze slurry comprises: 40-50 parts of composite dry particles and 100-110 parts of adhesive by mass,
the formulation of the adhesive is as follows: 55-65 parts of water, 2.0-3.5 parts of sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 15-20 parts of ethylene glycol, 4.5-5.5 parts of acrylic copolymer, 3-5 parts of polyurethane and 3.5-5 parts of sodium polycarboxylate by mass.
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the flow rate of the dry-particle glaze slurry is 30 to 36 seconds, the specific gravity is 1.32 to 1.36g/mL, and the glazing amount is 340 to 380g/m2
8. A flexible grained porcelain archaized tile produced by the method of any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN201811480325.9A 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof Active CN109665870B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811480325.9A CN109665870B (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811480325.9A CN109665870B (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109665870A CN109665870A (en) 2019-04-23
CN109665870B true CN109665870B (en) 2021-08-10

Family

ID=66144225

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811480325.9A Active CN109665870B (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109665870B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110357428A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-22 东莞市唯美陶瓷工业园有限公司 A kind of preparation method and Ceramic Tiles of the controllable Ceramic Tiles of glaze glossiness
CN110642521B (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-04-07 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 High-wear-resistance antifouling microcrystal decorative ceramic thick plate and preparation method thereof
CN111153714A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-05-15 肇庆乐华陶瓷洁具有限公司 Antifouling and antiskid archaized brick and preparation method thereof
CN111085900B (en) * 2019-12-23 2021-04-20 肇庆乐华陶瓷洁具有限公司 Low-glossiness archaized brick and polishing method thereof
CN111116238B (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-08-14 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Low-glossiness stone-like ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201280805Y (en) * 2008-09-23 2009-07-29 唐硕度 Mould ceramic tile
CN202594987U (en) * 2012-05-15 2012-12-12 佛山运安激光制版有限公司 Printing roller capable of printing 3D (Three-Dimensional) phantom
CN105198217A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-30 广东新润成陶瓷有限公司 Ground coat used for producing fully-glazed ceramic tile and beneficial to color development of ceramic ink
CN105565908A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-11 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Composite roller printing dry grain three-dimensional ceramic tile and production technology thereof
CN107673749A (en) * 2017-08-16 2018-02-09 广东博华陶瓷有限公司 A kind of production technology of ceramics modelled after an antique
CN107963814A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-27 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Compound glaze, the wear-resisting porcelain Antique Imitation Tiles of compound glaze slip and the soft face of 4-8 degree

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201280805Y (en) * 2008-09-23 2009-07-29 唐硕度 Mould ceramic tile
CN202594987U (en) * 2012-05-15 2012-12-12 佛山运安激光制版有限公司 Printing roller capable of printing 3D (Three-Dimensional) phantom
CN105198217A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-30 广东新润成陶瓷有限公司 Ground coat used for producing fully-glazed ceramic tile and beneficial to color development of ceramic ink
CN105565908A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-11 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Composite roller printing dry grain three-dimensional ceramic tile and production technology thereof
CN107673749A (en) * 2017-08-16 2018-02-09 广东博华陶瓷有限公司 A kind of production technology of ceramics modelled after an antique
CN107963814A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-27 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Compound glaze, the wear-resisting porcelain Antique Imitation Tiles of compound glaze slip and the soft face of 4-8 degree

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109665870A (en) 2019-04-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109665870B (en) Flexible pattern porcelain archaized brick and preparation method thereof
CN108675637B (en) Whole body antiskid ceramic tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN109279918A (en) A kind of sheen brick and preparation method thereof
CN107915480B (en) Ink-jet permeable light-transmitting brick and preparation method thereof
CN106007377A (en) Super-flat glazed brick
CN105016787B (en) Scrim fancy glaze face brick manufactured with polishing slag and preparation method thereof
US11001534B2 (en) Semi-transparent ceramic sheet decorated with ink light-absorbance and preparation method thereof
CN110759751B (en) Preparation method of carved grain brick and prepared carved grain brick
CN109293397A (en) A kind of Antique Imitation Tiles and preparation method thereof with 3D embossment
CN110436963B (en) Dry grain glaze, dry grain ceramic tile with white suspended floccules and preparation method thereof
CN100360462C (en) Glaze coloured decoration daily use poocelain and its production method
CN105924229A (en) Glaze for thousand-bead multi-color glazed tile and thousand-bead multi-color glazed tile, and preparation methods thereof
CN110451802B (en) Mica sheet decorative ceramic glazed brick and preparation method thereof
CN102503359B (en) Porcelain polished tile and production method thereof
CN109049300A (en) A kind of anion finishing impression brick and preparation method thereof
CN109279919A (en) A kind of water mill essence stone brick and preparation method thereof
CN109159250B (en) Method for manufacturing light-transmitting jade brick with three-dimensional texture
CN108715516B (en) White glaze, whole body borderless ceramic tile containing white glaze and preparation method thereof
CN105198490A (en) Preparation method of ink-jet permeable micro-powder polished tile
CN202543089U (en) Glazed ceramic tile with stereoscopic and level impressions
CN113045202B (en) Ceramic tile with positioning crystal flashing effect and preparation method thereof
CN113716967A (en) Ceramic tile with flashing effect and preparation method thereof
CN110845252B (en) Special blank large-particle combined digital cloth archaized brick and preparation method thereof
CN110981553B (en) Transparent amber-like ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN112608029A (en) Dazzling archaized brick and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant