CN109665274B - Universal mobile system for intelligent jig frame - Google Patents

Universal mobile system for intelligent jig frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109665274B
CN109665274B CN201910113541.8A CN201910113541A CN109665274B CN 109665274 B CN109665274 B CN 109665274B CN 201910113541 A CN201910113541 A CN 201910113541A CN 109665274 B CN109665274 B CN 109665274B
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China
Prior art keywords
track
lifting
intelligent
jig frame
plate
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CN201910113541.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109665274A (en
Inventor
周宏根
刘金锋
景旭文
刘明志
王瑞
赵耀荣
张淼
李天涛
汪跃庭
申宇波
崔希今
阮伟豪
周王桥
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201910113541.8A priority Critical patent/CN109665274B/en
Publication of CN109665274A publication Critical patent/CN109665274A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0214Articles of special size, shape or weigh

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent jig frame-oriented universal moving system, which comprises a track and a chassis, wherein the chassis bears an intelligent jig frame and moves on the track, and comprises a universal moving device, a lifting device and a positioning guide device; the universal moving device is arranged on the track, bears the positioning guide device and the lifting device and completes movement in different directions along the track; the positioning guide device is arranged on the universal moving device or the lifting device, is in contact with the track and is used for keeping the direction and stability of the chassis on the track; the lifting device is arranged on the universal moving device, the intelligent tire frame is arranged above the lifting device, and the lifting device bears the intelligent tire frame and can adjust the height of the intelligent tire frame. The system can enable the moulding bed to conveniently and accurately move on the transverse rail and the longitudinal rail, and is convenient for moving the intelligent moulding bed from the moulding bed storehouse to the target position on the rail.

Description

Universal mobile system for intelligent jig frame
Technical Field
The invention relates to a universal moving system, in particular to an intelligent jig frame-oriented universal moving system.
Background
In the research of the intelligent jig frame, certain results are obtained, but the design of the base plate structure of the jig frame has no new breakthrough. At present, a moving system used by most of moulding beds is low in adjustability, low in automation degree, small in application range, high in labor cost and low in efficiency. The chinese utility model patent specification discloses a removal bed-jig of bed-jig inner tube for hull, though this kind of bed-jig can remove, but the removal of bed-jig in the scheme uses the gyro wheel, can only accomplish ascending removal in single direction, and does not have the location requirement, hardly guarantees the accuracy of shift position.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: the invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing an intelligent jig frame-oriented universal moving system, overcomes the defects of poor adjustability, low automation degree, difficulty in accurate moving and the like in the moving process of the conventional jig frame, can enable the jig frame to conveniently and accurately move on a transverse rail and a longitudinal rail, and is convenient for moving the intelligent jig frame from a jig frame library to a target position on the rails.
The technical scheme is as follows: the invention relates to an intelligent jig frame-oriented universal moving system, which comprises a track and a chassis, wherein the chassis bears an intelligent jig frame and moves on the track, and comprises a universal moving device, a positioning guide device and a lifting device;
the universal moving device is arranged on the track, bears the positioning guide device and the lifting device and completes movement in different directions along the track;
the positioning guide device is arranged on the universal moving device or the lifting device, is in contact with the track and is used for keeping the direction and stability of the chassis on the track;
the lifting device is arranged on the universal moving device, the intelligent jig frame is arranged above the lifting device, and the lifting device bears the intelligent jig frame and can lift the intelligent jig frame off the track.
Furthermore, universal mobile device include the bottom plate and set up the bull's eye universal wheel in the bottom plate below, the bottom plate is used for bearing location guider and elevating gear, the bull's eye universal wheel contacts with the track, bears the bottom plate and can carry out not equidirectional removal along the track.
Furthermore, elevating gear include step shaft and compression spring, the epaxial shaft shoulder that sets up the diameter and slightly enlarge of step shaft, the center of bottom plate is passed to the lower extreme of step shaft, passes through second boss, second nut at the lower surface of bottom plate and is connected with the bottom plate, and the opening gap of track upper surface is passed to the upper end of step shaft, and the compression spring suit is at the shaft shoulder lower extreme of step shaft, and the elasticity that compression spring provided can lift the intelligence bed-jig from the track.
Furthermore, the positioning and guiding device comprises 4 first rolling bearings and 4 second rolling bearings, the 4 first rolling bearings are respectively and fixedly arranged at 4 vertex angles of the upper surface of the bottom plate, the outer surface of the first rolling bearing is contacted with the inner surface of the track and can roll on the inner surface of the track, the second rolling bearing is sleeved at the position where the stepped shaft passes through the track, the outer surface of the second rolling bearing is contacted with the inner surface of the opening gap of the track,
further, a second spacer bush is arranged above the second rolling bearing and used for adjusting the clearance and the prepressing of the second rolling bearing.
Furthermore, the bottom plate is composed of Q235 sheet metal parts.
Furthermore, the system comprises 3 longitudinal rails and at least 1 transverse rail, the transverse rail is used for connecting the longitudinal rails, and the chassis can move to the corresponding longitudinal rail through the transverse rail.
Furthermore, the track comprises H shaped steel, and the opening gap is reserved on the face of the track, is convenient for the chassis is fixed, and the chassis moves along the opening gap on the track.
Has the advantages that: the system has the following technical effects:
1. the bottom of the bed-jig is provided with universal moving wheels, so that the bed-jig can move along a required direction without additionally arranging steering, and the movement of the bed-jig from a bed-jig library to a transverse rail and a longitudinal rail can be completed more conveniently;
2. the chassis structure uses the rolling bearing to contact with the track, which not only limits the longitudinal movement of the chassis, but also reduces the friction of the chassis when moving between the tracks, and the driving is more labor-saving;
3. the elastic lifting mechanism provided by the spring on the stepped shaft is convenient for fixing and separating the jig frame and the track, so that the adjusting efficiency is improved;
4. the system is suitable for most of the jig frames, enhances the repeated utilization rate of the jig frames, reduces the labor cost, and has high universality and good economical efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the entire system;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the chassis;
fig. 3 is an overall schematic diagram of an intelligent jig using the system.
Detailed Description
The overall structure of the system is shown in fig. 1, the system comprises a track 1 and a chassis which bears an intelligent jig frame and moves on the track, and the chassis comprises a universal moving device 2, a positioning guide device 4 and a lifting device 3.
The spatial structure of chassis is as shown in fig. 2, universal mobile device 2 include bottom plate 21 and the bull's eye universal wheel 22 of setting in the bottom plate below, four apex angles departments of bottom plate 21 below surface respectively set up 1 first boss 23, bull's eye universal wheel 22 threaded connection is at the lower extreme of boss 23, bottom plate 21 is used for bearing location guider 4 and elevating gear 3, bottom plate 21 supports on track 1 hypoplastron upper surface through boss 23 and bull's eye universal wheel 22 again, 4 bull's eye universal wheels 22 bear bottom plate 21, keep it stable and can accomplish along track 1 horizontal, the ascending removal of longitudinal direction.
The lifting device 3 comprises a stepped shaft 31 for bearing the jig frame and lifting the jig frame to move up and down, a shaft shoulder with a slightly larger diameter is arranged on the stepped shaft 31, the stepped shaft 31 penetrates through the center of the bottom plate 21, a second boss 34 and a second nut 35 are arranged on the lower surface of the bottom plate 21, and the stepped shaft 31 is loosely connected to the bottom plate 21 through the second boss 34 and the second nut 35. The compression spring 33 is sleeved on the part of the stepped shaft 31 above the bottom plate 21, and the upper end of the compression spring 33 is pressed against the shaft shoulder of the stepped shaft 31. The compression spring 33 provides an elastic force to lift the stepped shaft 31, and eventually, the jig frame 5 is separated from the rail 1. The jig frame 5 is lifted by the elastic force of the spring during the movement so as to be convenient to move, and the jig frame 5 is placed on the track 1 to the target position.
The positioning guide 4 comprises a first rolling bearing 44 and a second rolling bearing 45, the inner diameter of the first rolling bearing 44 of the embodiment is 20mm, the inner diameter of the second rolling bearing 45 is 60mm, and other values can be set, generally, the inner diameter of the second rolling bearing 45 is larger than the inner diameter of the first rolling bearing 44, and the outer diameter of the second rolling bearing 45 is also the width of the opening gap of the track 1. The bottom plate 21 is a rectangular plate-shaped structure formed by Q235 sheet metal parts, the number of the short shafts 41 is 4, the short shafts respectively penetrate through the bottom plate 21 at four top corners of the bottom plate 21, first rolling bearings 44 are mounted above the short shafts 41, first spacers 42 are arranged at the lower ends of the first rolling bearings 44, the first spacers 42 are placed on the upper surface of the bottom plate 21, and first nuts 43 are arranged at the lower ends of the short shafts 41 and used for fixing the short shafts on the bottom plate 21. The upper end of the first rolling bearing 44 is provided with a first elastic retainer ring 46 which is also sleeved on the short shaft 41 for limiting, and the first rolling bearing 44 is in contact with the inner side surface of the track 1 and can roll on the inner side surface. The second rolling bearing 45 is sleeved at the upper end of the stepped shaft 31, the lower end of the second rolling bearing 45 is supported on a shaft shoulder of the stepped shaft 31 through the second spacer 32, and the second spacer 32 can adjust the play and the pre-compression of the second rolling bearing 45. The upper end of the second rolling bearing 45 is provided with a second elastic retainer ring 47 for limiting. The second rolling bearing 45 can roll in the opening gap of the rail 1. The first rolling bearing 44 and the second rolling bearing 45 are matched with the inner wall and the opening gap of the track 1, and play a role in positioning and guiding the jig frame system.
The embodiment system comprises 3 longitudinal rails and 1 transverse rail, wherein the transverse rail is used for connecting the longitudinal rails, and the chassis can be moved to the target position of the corresponding longitudinal rail through the transverse rail. The track comprises H shaped steel, and the face reserves the opening gap on the track, is convenient for the fixed of chassis, the chassis moves along the opening gap on the track.
After the intelligent jig frame is installed in the system, as shown in fig. 3, when the chassis starts to work, the jig frame 5 is moved out of the jig frame warehouse, the chassis moves on the track 1 through the 4 bull-eye universal wheels 22 and moves to the longitudinal track of a target through transverse movement, the first rolling bearing 44 and the second rolling bearing 45 are in contact with the track 1 and are limited, and the jig frame system is prevented from inclining. The universal moving mechanism 2 can enable the chassis to perform linear movement in the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction along the track without additionally arranging steering. When the movement is started, the lifting device 3 provides elastic force through the compression spring 33, and lifts the jig frame 5 to be separated from the track 1, so that the movement is convenient. When the chassis is moved to a target position, the jig frame 5 is lowered by the lifting device 3, connected and fixed to the rail 1, and is ready to support the hull.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a universal moving system towards intelligent bed-jig, includes track (1) and bears intelligent bed-jig and the chassis that moves on track (1), its characterized in that: the chassis comprises a universal moving device (2), a lifting device (3) and a positioning guide device (4);
the universal moving device (2) is arranged on the track (1), bears the positioning guide device (4) and the lifting device (3) and completes movement in different directions along the track (1);
the positioning guide device (4) is arranged on the universal moving device (2) or the lifting device (3), is in contact with the track (1) and is used for keeping the direction and stability of the chassis on the track;
the lifting device (3) is arranged on the universal moving device (2), the intelligent jig frame is arranged above the lifting device (3), and the lifting device bears the intelligent jig frame and can lift the intelligent jig frame off the track (1);
the universal moving device comprises a bottom plate (21) and a bull's eye universal wheel (22) arranged below the bottom plate (21), the bottom plate (21) is used for bearing the positioning guide device (4) and the lifting device (3), the bull's eye universal wheel (22) is in contact with the track (1), and the bottom plate (21) can move in different directions along the track;
the lifting device comprises a stepped shaft (31) and a compression spring (33), a shaft shoulder with a slightly large diameter is arranged on the stepped shaft (31), the lower end of the stepped shaft (31) penetrates through the center of the bottom plate (21), the lower surface of the bottom plate (21) is connected with the bottom plate (21) through a second boss (34) and a second nut (35), an opening gap in the upper surface of the rail is penetrated through the upper end of the stepped shaft (31), the compression spring (33) is sleeved at the lower end of the shaft shoulder of the stepped shaft (31), and the elastic force provided by the compression spring (33) can lift the intelligent jig frame (5) away from the rail.
2. The intelligent jig frame-oriented gimbal mobile system according to claim 1, wherein: the positioning guide device comprises 4 first rolling bearings (44) and 4 second rolling bearings (45), the first rolling bearings (44) are respectively and fixedly arranged at 4 vertex angles of the upper surface of the bottom plate (21), the outer surfaces of the first rolling bearings (44) are in contact with the inner surface of the track (1) and can roll on the track, the second rolling bearings (45) are sleeved at the positions, where the stepped shafts (31) penetrate through the track (1), of the outer surfaces of the second rolling bearings (45) are in contact with the inner surface of an opening gap of the track (1).
3. The intelligent jig frame-oriented gimbal mobile system according to claim 2, wherein: a second spacer bush (32) is arranged above the second rolling bearing (45), and the second spacer bush (32) is used for adjusting the play and the prepressing of the second rolling bearing (45).
4. The intelligent jig frame-oriented gimbal mobile system according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom plate (21) is composed of Q235 sheet metal parts.
5. The intelligent jig frame-oriented universal mobile system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the system comprises 3 longitudinal rails and at least 1 transverse rail, wherein the transverse rails are used for connecting the longitudinal rails, and the chassis can move to the corresponding longitudinal rails through the transverse rails.
6. The intelligent jig frame-oriented gimbal mobile system according to claim 5, wherein: the track comprises H shaped steel, and the opening gap is reserved on the face on the track, is convenient for the chassis is fixed, and the chassis moves along the opening gap on the track.
CN201910113541.8A 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 Universal mobile system for intelligent jig frame Active CN109665274B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110217549A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-10 江苏科技大学 A kind of moulding bed intelligent mobile system peculiar to vessel
CN112623145B (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-10-15 江苏科技大学 Intelligent movable jig frame mechanism and target point position fixing method thereof

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CN202368767U (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-08-08 中国海洋石油总公司 Detachable device for platform construction, shipment and launching
CN108725691A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-02 南通理工学院 Packaged type moulding bed peculiar to vessel, moulding bed control system peculiar to vessel and its control method

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CN204137163U (en) * 2014-06-19 2015-02-04 诸暨市赵家华辉干燥设备厂 Slide plate travel line and slide plate thereof
CN104260854A (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-07 江苏扬子鑫福造船有限公司 Movable laying pier
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202368767U (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-08-08 中国海洋石油总公司 Detachable device for platform construction, shipment and launching
CN108725691A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-02 南通理工学院 Packaged type moulding bed peculiar to vessel, moulding bed control system peculiar to vessel and its control method

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Inventor after: Zhou Honggen

Inventor after: Shen Yubo

Inventor after: Cui Xijin

Inventor after: Ruan Weihao

Inventor after: Zhou Wangqiao

Inventor after: Liu Jinfeng

Inventor after: Jing Xuwen

Inventor after: Liu Mingzhi

Inventor after: Wang Rui

Inventor after: Zhao Yaorong

Inventor after: Zhang Miao

Inventor after: Li Tiantao

Inventor after: Wang Yueting

Inventor before: Liu Mingzhi

Inventor before: Ruan Weihao

Inventor before: Zhou Wangqiao

Inventor before: Liu Jinfeng

Inventor before: Jing Xuwen

Inventor before: Zhou Honggen

Inventor before: Wang Rui

Inventor before: Zhao Yaorong

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