CN109665070B - Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship - Google Patents

Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109665070B
CN109665070B CN201910114314.7A CN201910114314A CN109665070B CN 109665070 B CN109665070 B CN 109665070B CN 201910114314 A CN201910114314 A CN 201910114314A CN 109665070 B CN109665070 B CN 109665070B
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China
Prior art keywords
ice
breaking
body
ship
geophysical prospecting
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Application number
CN201910114314.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109665070A (en
Inventor
王迎晖
田于逵
闫岱峻
寇莹
郑文涛
Original Assignee
中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所)
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Priority to CN201910114314.7A priority Critical patent/CN109665070B/en
Publication of CN109665070A publication Critical patent/CN109665070A/en
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Publication of CN109665070B publication Critical patent/CN109665070B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/08Ice-breakers or other vessels or floating structures for operation in ice-infested waters; Ice-breakers, or other vessels or floating structures having equipment specially adapted therefor
    • B63B35/12Ice-breakers or other vessels or floating structures for operation in ice-infested waters; Ice-breakers, or other vessels or floating structures having equipment specially adapted therefor having ice-cutters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B17/00Vessels parts, details, or accessories, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to a three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship, which comprises a main ship body, wherein two sides of the main ship body are respectively provided with a side ship body, the main ship body at the tail part of each side ship body is respectively provided with a towing cable traction frame, each towing cable traction frame is provided with a horizontal section, one end of the horizontal section is welded on the side wall of the main ship body, the other end of the horizontal section vertically extends downwards to form a vertical section, the middle part of the vertical section is provided with an ice-breaking frustum, an extension rope penetrates through the inside of the towing cable traction frame, one end of the extension rope is discharged by a winch arranged on the main ship body, the other end of the extension rope penetrates through the middle part of the ice-breaking frustum and extends out of the; the expansion rope is towed by pulley components which are arranged in the towing machine frame at intervals; the towing-cable towing machine frame is connected with a seismic source gun array through a rope. The invention realizes the long-term operation function of the geophysical prospecting ship in the ice area, avoids the collision of equipment such as an equal floating cable, a sound wave receiver, a seismic source gun array and the like with ice, and improves the safety of the geophysical prospecting operation.

Description

Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship

Technical Field

The invention relates to the technical field of geophysical prospecting ships, in particular to a three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship.

Background

The geophysical prospecting ship is used as a special investigation ship for marine geophysical prospecting operation, and is mainly used for prospecting submarine oil, natural gas and mineral resources. The main parameters of marine geophysical prospecting ships at home and abroad are collated and found as follows: due to the arrangement of a large amount of deck equipment and functional superstructure, the geophysical prospecting ship has a small length-to-width ratio (close to 4) and shallow draft. However, a common geophysical prospecting ship does not have an ice breaking function in polar investigation, and a plurality of towing cables for operation are usually arranged at the tail of the geophysical prospecting ship, so that the condition that the towing cables and geophysical prospecting equipment collide with ice easily occurs, and the geophysical prospecting operation in an ice area cannot be performed for a long time.

Disclosure of Invention

The applicant provides a three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship with a reasonable structure aiming at the defects in the prior art, so that the technical problem that a common geophysical prospecting ship cannot carry out long-time geophysical prospecting operation in an ice region is solved.

The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:

a three-body ice breaking geophysical prospecting ship comprises a main ship body, wherein two sides of the main ship body are respectively provided with a side ship body, the main ship body at the tail part of each side ship body is respectively provided with a towing rope traction frame, each towing rope traction frame is provided with a horizontal section, one end of the horizontal section is welded on the side wall of the main ship body, the other end of the horizontal section vertically extends downwards to form a vertical section, the middle part of the vertical section is provided with an ice breaking frustum, an extension rope penetrates through the inside of the towing rope traction frame, one end of the extension rope is discharged by a winch arranged on the main ship body, the other end of the extension rope penetrates through the middle part of the ice breaking frustum and then extends out of the tail end of the vertical section, and; the expansion rope is towed by pulley components which are arranged in the towing machine frame at intervals; the towing-cable towing machine frame is connected with a seismic source gun array through a rope.

The further technical scheme is as follows:

the whole towing cable traction frame is arranged obliquely towards the rear side direction of the main ship body.

The shell of the ice breaking frustum is of a cone frustum-shaped structure, and a channel for the extension rope to pass through is formed in the shell.

After extending out of the vertical section, the extension ropes arrange the equal floating cables and the sound wave receivers into an arc array structure through the extenders.

The sound wave receiver is connected with the extension rope through a cable, and the head part and the tail part of the cable are respectively provided with a head mark and a tail mark.

The tail part of the main hull is provided with a propeller

And pressure cabins for breaking ice are arranged in the main ship body.

The invention has the following beneficial effects:

the invention adopts a three-body ship shape, the main ship body has an ice breaking function, and the ice breaking function is increased by utilizing the side ship bodies and the ice breaking cone platform, thereby being beneficial to geophysical prospecting operation of an ice area; compared with a monohull ship, the invention can provide a wider deck area, is beneficial to assembling more geophysical prospecting equipment and has better wave resistance and stability than the monohull ship; the towing tractor traction frame is used for limiting and protecting the extension ropes and dragging the winch and the pulley assembly, so that equipment such as an equal-floating cable, a sound wave receiver, a seismic source gun array and the like are prevented from colliding with ice, and the safety of geophysical prospecting operation is improved; because the seismic source gun array, the sound wave receiver and the equal-floating cable are arranged at the tail part of the side ship body, the influence of the noise of the propeller thruster at the tail part of the main ship body on the geophysical prospecting background noise is greatly weakened.

Drawings

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a rear view of the present invention with one side streamer tractor frame and the underwater portion extension line omitted.

Wherein: 1. an expander; 2. an equal floating cable; 3. an acoustic receiver; 4. a tail label; 5. a header; 6. an extension cord; 7. a seismic source gun array; 8. a side hull; 9. a main hull; 10. a streamer tractor frame; 11. a propeller thruster; 12. a side hull bottom surface; 13. side hull deck contour lines; 14. a main hull bottom surface; 15. a main hull deck contour line; 16. a main hull waterline; 17. a side hull waterline; 18. a winch; 19. a sheave assembly; 20. an ice breaking frustum; 21. sea ice.

Detailed Description

The following describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.

As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the three-body ice breaking geophysical prospecting ship of the embodiment comprises a main hull 9, two sides of the main hull 9 are respectively provided with a side hull 8, the main hull 9 at the tail of each side hull 8 is respectively provided with a towing rope traction frame 10, each towing rope traction frame 10 is provided with a horizontal section, one end of the horizontal section is welded on the side wall of the main hull 9, the other end of the horizontal section vertically extends downwards to form a vertical section, the middle part of the vertical section is provided with an ice breaking frustum 20, an extension rope 6 penetrates through the inside of the towing rope traction frame 10, one end of the extension rope is discharged from a winch 18 arranged on the main hull 9, the other end of the extension rope penetrates through the middle part of the ice breaking frustum 20 and then extends out of the tail end of the vertical section, and the extension rope 6 extends; the expansion rope 6 is towed by pulley assemblies 19 which are arranged in the towing machine frame 10 at intervals; the towing machine frame 10 is connected with a seismic source gun array 7 through a rope.

The streamer traction frame 10 is disposed so as to be inclined in the rear direction of the main hull 9 as a whole.

The shell of the ice breaking frustum 20 is in a cone frustum structure, and a channel for the expansion rope 6 to pass through is formed in the shell.

After extending out of the vertical section, the expansion rope 6 arranges the equal-floating cable 2 and the sound wave receiver 3 into an arc array structure through the expander 1.

The sound wave receiver 3 is connected with the extension rope 6 through a cable, and the head part and the tail part of the cable are respectively provided with a head mark 5 and a tail mark 4.

The tail part of the main hull 9 is provided with a propeller 11

A pressure tank for breaking ice is provided in the main hull 9.

In the implementation process of the invention: as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the extension rope 6 passes through the towing frame 10, passes through the ice breaking cone 20 and is guided into the sea ice 21, the extension rope 6 is opened under the action of the extender 1, the geophysical prospecting equipment such as the equal-floating cables 2 and the acoustic wave receivers 3 connected to the extension rope is opened in an array mode according to a certain angle, and then the equal-floating cables at the rear end are controlled to the working depth (generally 12m underwater) by using the depth setter (water bird), so that the working capacity of the polar ice area water area of the original geophysical prospecting ship is further improved. The seismic source gun array 7 is arranged at the tail part of the towing cable towing rack 10 and can release seismic waves underwater and complete the detection of resources such as oil reservoirs and the like through the reception and data analysis of the acoustic receiver 3; in the embodiment, the towing rope traction frame 10 and the ice breaking frustum 20 both play a role in protecting the extension rope 6, so that the safety of the operation of the extension rope 6 is ensured, and meanwhile, the side ship body 8 is arranged at the front part of the towing rope traction frame 10 and plays a role in blocking floating ice from colliding with protection equipment; the ice breaking frustum 20 in the embodiment is in a cone frustum shape, and the acting surface between the ice breaking frustum and the sea ice 21 is a curved surface, so that the damage to equipment caused by vertical extrusion force is avoided.

The above description is intended to be illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims, which may be modified in any manner within the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship, includes main hull (9), and the both sides of main hull (9) respectively are equipped with one side hull (8), its characterized in that: a towing cable traction frame (10) is respectively installed on a main ship body (9) at the tail of each side ship body (8), each towing cable traction frame (10) is provided with a horizontal section, one end of the horizontal section is welded on the side wall of the main ship body (9), the other end of the horizontal section vertically extends downwards to form a vertical section, an ice breaking frustum (20) is arranged in the middle of the vertical section, an extension rope (6) penetrates through the inside of the towing cable traction frame (10), one end of the extension rope is discharged by a winch (18) installed on the main ship body (9), the other end of the extension rope penetrates through the middle of the ice breaking frustum (20) and then extends out of the tail end of the vertical section, and the extension rope (6) extends out of the vertical section and then is connected with an equal; the expansion rope (6) is towed by pulley assemblies (19) which are arranged in the towing machine frame (10) at intervals; the towing-cable towing machine frame (10) is connected with a seismic source gun array (7) through a rope.
2. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 1, characterized in that: the whole towing machine frame (10) is arranged obliquely towards the rear side direction of the main ship body (9).
3. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 1, characterized in that: the ice breaking frustum (20) is provided with a shell in a cone frustum-shaped structure, and a channel for the expansion rope (6) to pass through is formed in the shell.
4. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 1, characterized in that: after extending out of the vertical section, the expansion rope (6) arranges the equal-floating cable (2) and the sound wave receiver (3) into an arc array structure through the expander (1).
5. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 4, characterized in that: the sound wave receiver (3) is connected with the extension rope (6) through a cable, and the head part and the tail part of the cable are respectively provided with a head mark (5) and a tail mark (4).
6. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 1, characterized in that: the tail of the main ship body (9) is provided with a propeller (11).
7. The three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship of claim 1, characterized in that: and a pressure cabin for breaking ice is arranged in the main ship body (9).
CN201910114314.7A 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship CN109665070B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910114314.7A CN109665070B (en) 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910114314.7A CN109665070B (en) 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 Three-body ice-breaking geophysical prospecting ship

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CN109665070A CN109665070A (en) 2019-04-23
CN109665070B true CN109665070B (en) 2020-02-07

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Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI118121B (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-07-13 Mobimar Oy Procedure for breaking ice, power-driven ship and its use
US8593905B2 (en) * 2009-03-09 2013-11-26 Ion Geophysical Corporation Marine seismic surveying in icy or obstructed waters
US8891331B2 (en) * 2011-09-21 2014-11-18 Cggveritas Services Sa Steerable source array and method
CN202911923U (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-05-01 中国石油集团东方地球物理勘探有限责任公司 Combined energy source boat
CN104280781A (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-01-14 中国石油天然气集团公司 Towrope type ocean controllable source electromagnetism and earthquake data collection system
CN106218824B (en) * 2016-07-21 2018-06-08 武汉理工大学 A kind of saw blade formula can dive polar region scientific investigation ship
CN107628205B (en) * 2017-10-04 2019-03-22 北京科源轻型飞机实业有限公司 A kind of new and effective ice breaker
CN107571974B (en) * 2017-10-04 2019-05-17 金博 A kind of high-efficiency and continuous ice breaker

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