CN109654900A - A kind of high-efficiency cooling tower - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency cooling tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109654900A
CN109654900A CN201811555413.0A CN201811555413A CN109654900A CN 109654900 A CN109654900 A CN 109654900A CN 201811555413 A CN201811555413 A CN 201811555413A CN 109654900 A CN109654900 A CN 109654900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air inlet
tower
cooling tower
air
cooler bin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811555413.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109654900B (en
Inventor
苏永秋
王照
范志远
王锐敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chengdu Xinling Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
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Chengdu Xinling Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Xinling Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Xinling Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811555413.0A priority Critical patent/CN109654900B/en
Publication of CN109654900A publication Critical patent/CN109654900A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109654900B publication Critical patent/CN109654900B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F25/00Component parts of trickle coolers
    • F28F25/10Component parts of trickle coolers for feeding gas or vapour
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F27/00Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus
    • F28F27/003Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus specially adapted for cooling towers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of high-efficiency cooling towers, belong to cooling tower technical field.Have the advantages that improve cooling tower cooling efficiency, energy saving.It includes tower body, the tower body includes air inlet and outlet and the fan in air outlet, it further include cooler bin, the cooler bin is embedded in underground, the cooler bin is equipped with air inlet and air outlet, the gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet, and the air inlet is communicated with the air on ground, and the cooling tube that cooler bin inner bottom wall is communicated and extended close to gas outlet is equipped in the cooler bin.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency cooling tower
Technical field
The present invention relates to cooling tower technical field more particularly to a kind of high-efficiency cooling towers.
Background technique
Cooling tower is a kind of equipment that the waste heat generated during industrial production or refrigeration process is spilt into atmosphere, can be incited somebody to action The medium to be cooled (usually water) for carrying waste heat carries out heat exchange in Ta Nei and air, the heat transmission of medium to air simultaneously Atmosphere is spilt into, to cool down to medium.Cooling tower is widely used in industries such as air-conditioning cooling, freezing, plastic cement chemical industry. Cooling tower is generally mainly by filler (also known as heat dissipation material), water distribution system, ventilation equipment, air distribution device (such as air intake vent blinds Window, air ducting, air duct etc.), water deflector (or water collection device) and catch basin (or collecting-tank) etc. constitute.
In the prior art, the air that cooling tower is sucked from air intake vent is the air of tower body external environment, when extraneous environment When temperature is higher, the cooling efficiency of cooling tower will be reduced, and need to connect more cooling towers to cool down to cooling medium.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower, has and improve cooling tower cooling efficiency, energy saving Advantage.
Above-mentioned purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that
A kind of high-efficiency cooling tower, including tower body, the tower body include air inlet and outlet and the fan in air outlet, are gone back Including cooler bin, the cooler bin is embedded in underground, and the cooler bin is equipped with air inlet and air outlet, the gas outlet and institute It states air inlet to communicate, the air inlet is communicated with the air on ground, is equipped in the cooler bin and is communicated and extend with gas outlet To the cooling tube close to cooler bin inner bottom wall.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, since cooler bin is buried in underground, the temperature of cooler bin is lower, cooling tower Starting fan when, by cooler bin cold air extract out, to improve the cooling efficiency of cooling tower.In pumping process, Since air can be supplemented in cooler bin from air inlet, the temperature of top is higher in cooler bin, therefore cooling tube is from cooler bin Bottom cold air is extracted out, also make top hot-air move down simultaneously cool down, to guarantee cooler bin endlessly Cold air is conveyed for cooling tower.
Further, blast pipe is communicated between the gas outlet and air inlet.
Further, bellows, the bellows and one end and institute are communicated between the blast pipe and the air inlet State that air inlet pipe is fixed, the other end is detachably connected with the air inlet.
The path of air-flow is increased due to the setting of cooler bin by using above-mentioned technical proposal, makes the fan of cooling tower It needs bigger power to be evacuated, in the case where environment temperature is chronically at lower temperature, bellows can be removed, make to cool down Four air inlet normal suctions of tower, to reduce the load of fan.
Further, the air inlet is equipped with air inlet pipe, be equipped with by rod rest in the air inlet pipe block it is described into Baffle above tracheae.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting of air inlet pipe makes the opening of air inlet be above the ground level, and reduction sundries enters cold But the possibility of case, the baffle above air inlet pipe, further decreases the possibility that sundries enters cooler bin.
Further, the air inlet pipe opening is equipped with the cover board for slidably closing the air inlet tube opening, the cover board Connect the first push-rod electric machine.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the first push-rod electric machine promotion cover board can close the opening of air inlet pipe, in cooler bin When not in use, it prevent completely sundries to enter cooler bin, and keeps the low temperature of cooler bin.
Further, the air inlet is equipped with the shutter that can close or open the air inlet, the shutter packet Blade, transmission shaft and the second push-rod electric machine are included, second push-rod electric machine and the transmission shaft are coaxially disposed.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the second push-rod electric machine realizes the folding of shutter by push-and-pull transmission shaft.
It further, further include environment temperature sensor, for detecting the environment temperature outside cooling tower, the environment temperature Sensor is set to the tower body outer wall.
It further, further include control device, when the temperature of environment temperature sensor detection is greater than preset environment temperature When threshold value, the control device controls the second push-rod electric machine and closes the shutter for not being connected to blast pipe, the power for improving fan.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when environment temperature is higher, tower body sucks surrounding air, and cooling efficiency is lower, Therefore control is not connected to the shutter of blast pipe, only by cooler bin air inlet, can be improved the cooling efficiency of tower body, and at this point, by Become smaller in air inlet, fan needs higher revolving speed to guarantee the constant of wind speed.
Further, water temperature sensor is additionally provided in the tower body, the water temperature sensor is set to the intracorporal water inlet pipe of tower In, when the temperature of water temperature sensor detection is greater than preset water temperature threshold value, the control device controls the second push rod electricity Organ closes the shutter for not being connected to blast pipe, the power for improving fan.
Pass through the cold sky in cooler bin when needing cooling coolant temperature higher by using above-mentioned technical proposal Gas is cooled down, to improve cooling effect.
Further, when the tower body does not work, the control device controls the first push-rod electric machine and pushes cover closure The air inlet pipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, cooler bin when not in use, close by cover board, and sundries is avoided to enter cooler bin.
In conclusion the invention has the following advantages:
Cooler bin cools down the intracorporal air of case by the temperature of underground, cooling tower by cooler bin cold air extraction pair Coolant is cooled down, and makes cooling tower that the cooling efficiency of cooling tower can be improved without increasing cooling equipment, and due to cooling The low temperature of case is underground natural formation, therefore does not need to consume any energy, plays energy-efficient effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of use state of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of shutter of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is overall structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the system block diagram of control system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Appended drawing reference: 1, tower body;101, air inlet;102, air outlet;2, cooler bin;3, cooling tube;4, blast pipe;5, wave Line pipe;6, air inlet pipe;7, strut;8, baffle;9, cover board;10, the first push-rod electric machine;12, shutter;121, blade;122, it passes Moving axis;123, the second push-rod electric machine;13, environment temperature sensor.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention is described.
A kind of high-efficiency cooling tower, as shown in Figure 1, including tower body 1, whole tower body 1 is in cuboid, and the top surface of tower body 1 is Circular air outlet 102 is provided with fan (in figure and being not drawn into) in air outlet 102, is set respectively below four sides of tower body 1 There is rectangular air inlet 101.Air inlet 101 is equipped with the shutter 12 that can close or open the air inlet 101.
As shown in Fig. 2, shutter 12 includes blade 121, transmission shaft 122 and the second push-rod electric machine 123, second push rod Motor 123 and the transmission shaft 122 are coaxially disposed.When the second push-rod electric machine 123 pushes and pulls transmission shaft 122, the leaf of shutter 12 Piece 121 rotates, and realizes opening and closing.
As shown in figure 3, one of air inlet 101 is communicated with blast pipe 4 on tower body 1, blast pipe 4 and air inlet 101 it Between be communicated with bellows 5, one end of bellows 5 and 4 retaining element of blast pipe, the other end are detachably connected on tower body by bolt 1 outer wall.Blast pipe 4 is communicated with cooler bin 2 far from one end of tower body 1, and cooler bin 2 is embedded in below ground.Cooler bin 2 includes Port and air inlet, gas outlet are connected to blast pipe 4, are communicated with cooling tube 3 with gas outlet in cooler bin 2, cooling tube 3 extends to Close to the position of 2 inner bottom wall of cooler bin.The air inlet pipe 6 to elevate above the soil is communicated on air inlet, the top of air inlet pipe 6 passes through strut 7 are provided with baffle 8.6 opening of air inlet pipe also slidably connects horizontally disposed cover board 9, and cover board 9 is connected with the first push-rod electric machine 10, the first push-rod electric machine 10 can push the opening of the closing air inlet pipe 6 of cover board 9.
As shown in figure 4, the embodiment of the invention also includes environment temperature sensor 13, water temperature sensor and control devices.Ring Border temperature sensor 13 is installed on the outer wall of tower body 1, for detecting the environment temperature outside cooling tower.Water temperature sensor is set to tower body In water inlet pipe in 1, for detecting the temperature of water in water inlet pipe.
When the temperature that environment temperature sensor 13 detects is greater than preset environment temperature threshold value, the control device control Second push-rod electric machine 123 closes the shutter 12 for not being connected to blast pipe 4, the power for improving fan.
Specifically, when environment temperature is higher, tower body 1 sucks surrounding air, and cooling efficiency is lower, therefore control is not connected to The cooling efficiency of tower body 1 can be improved only by 2 air inlet of cooler bin in the shutter 12 of blast pipe 4, and at this point, due to air inlet 101 become smaller, and fan needs higher revolving speed to guarantee the constant of wind speed.
When the temperature of water temperature sensor detection is greater than preset water temperature threshold value, the control device control second is pushed away Bar motor 123 closes the shutter 12 for not being connected to blast pipe 4, the power for improving fan.
Specifically, it when needing cooling coolant temperature higher, is cooled down by the cold air in cooler bin 2, with Improve cooling effect.
The cooling tower of the embodiment of the present invention increases the path of air-flow due to the setting of cooler bin 2, makes the wind of cooling tower Fan needs bigger power to be evacuated, and in the case where environment temperature is chronically at lower temperature, can remove bellows 5, make Four 101 normal suctions of air inlet of cooling tower, to reduce the load of fan.When not using cooling tower, control device is controllable The opening that the first push rod pushes cover board 9 to close air inlet pipe 6 is made, so that sundries be prevented to enter cooler bin 2.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower, including tower body (1), the tower body (1) includes air inlet (101), air outlet (102) and is set to Fan in air outlet (102), which is characterized in that further include cooler bin (2), the cooler bin (2) is embedded in underground, described cold But case (2) is equipped with air inlet and air outlet, and the gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet (101), the air inlet and ground On air communicate, the cooling that cooler bin (2) inner bottom wall is communicated and extended close to gas outlet is equipped in the cooler bin (2) It manages (3).
2. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gas outlet and air inlet (101) it Between be communicated with blast pipe (4).
3. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the blast pipe (4) and the air inlet (101) be communicated between bellows (5), the bellows (5) and one end and the air inlet pipe (6) are fixed, the other end with it is described Air inlet (101) is detachably connected.
4. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air inlet is equipped with air inlet pipe (6), The baffle (8) blocked above the air inlet pipe (6) is provided with by strut (7) on the air inlet pipe (6).
5. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 4, which is characterized in that air inlet pipe (6) opening is equipped with can The cover board (9) of air inlet pipe (6) opening is closed in sliding, and the cover board (9) connects the first push-rod electric machine (10).
6. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air inlet (101) is equipped with and can seal Close or open the shutter (12) of the air inlet (101), the shutter (12) include blade (121), transmission shaft (122) and Second push-rod electric machine (123), second push-rod electric machine (123) and the transmission shaft (122) are coaxially disposed.
7. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include environment temperature sensor (13), For detecting the environment temperature outside cooling tower, the environment temperature sensor (13) is set to the tower body (1) outer wall.
8. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include control device, work as environment temperature When the temperature of sensor (13) detection is greater than preset environment temperature threshold value, the control device controls the second push-rod electric machine (123) shutter (12) for not being connected to blast pipe (4), the power for improving fan are closed.
9. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 8, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with water temperature biography in the tower body (1) Sensor, the water temperature sensor are set in the water inlet pipe in tower body (1), when the temperature of water temperature sensor detection is greater than preset water When warm temperature threshold, the control device control the second push-rod electric machine (123) closes the shutter for not being connected to blast pipe (4) (12), the power of fan is improved.
10. a kind of high-efficiency cooling tower according to claim 8, which is characterized in that when the tower body (1) does not work, institute Stating control device control the first push-rod electric machine (10) pushes cover board (9) to close the air inlet pipe (6).
CN201811555413.0A 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 High-efficient cooling tower Active CN109654900B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811555413.0A CN109654900B (en) 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 High-efficient cooling tower

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811555413.0A CN109654900B (en) 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 High-efficient cooling tower

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109654900A true CN109654900A (en) 2019-04-19
CN109654900B CN109654900B (en) 2020-09-15

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101074794A (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-21 Lg电子株式会社 Air conditioning system using ground heat
WO2009073073A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 Shapiro Ian M Split-air stream air conditioning with desiccant dehumidification
CN102418969A (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-04-18 东南大学 Integral air source and ground source composite heat pump device
US20150034273A1 (en) * 2013-08-04 2015-02-05 Clyde Wesley Devore Hybrid Ground Water and Heat Pump System
CN206291380U (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-06-30 北京四季沐歌太阳能技术集团有限公司 A kind of utilization soil moisture adjusts the regulating system of indoor temperature
CN207163018U (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-03-30 燕山大学 A kind of ground can frost-free air evaporator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101074794A (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-21 Lg电子株式会社 Air conditioning system using ground heat
WO2009073073A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 Shapiro Ian M Split-air stream air conditioning with desiccant dehumidification
CN102418969A (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-04-18 东南大学 Integral air source and ground source composite heat pump device
US20150034273A1 (en) * 2013-08-04 2015-02-05 Clyde Wesley Devore Hybrid Ground Water and Heat Pump System
CN206291380U (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-06-30 北京四季沐歌太阳能技术集团有限公司 A kind of utilization soil moisture adjusts the regulating system of indoor temperature
CN207163018U (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-03-30 燕山大学 A kind of ground can frost-free air evaporator

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