CN109654632A - One kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other complex energy management system - Google Patents

One kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other complex energy management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109654632A
CN109654632A CN201811461727.4A CN201811461727A CN109654632A CN 109654632 A CN109654632 A CN 109654632A CN 201811461727 A CN201811461727 A CN 201811461727A CN 109654632 A CN109654632 A CN 109654632A
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energy
gas
pressure
temperature
chamber
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CN201811461727.4A
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CN109654632B (en
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吴联凯
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JIANGSU COSINE ELECTRIC Co.,Ltd.
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吴联凯
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B1/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy

Abstract

It provides multiple forms of energy to complement each other complex energy management system the invention discloses one kind, belong to environmental protection and energy saving technical field of energy utilization, it includes collection energy module, four part of energy-storage module, refrigeration module and power supply module, when analyzing summer from the root power grid unstability and power off basic reason be that air conditioner load is excessively high, pressure energy is generated using thermal energy caused by sun in summer energy and then plays the role of the effect that compressor plays refrigeration, and generated luminous energy produces electricl energy the refrigeration system of generation pressure energy formation self energizing after generation mechanical energy by photoresistance.Complex energy management system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the invention solves the problems, such as air conditioning electricity, takes electricity that can solve load peak on the spot using solar energy, and the present invention has expanded new energy technology application, provides new model for new energy application.

Description

One kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other complex energy management system
Technical field
One kind disclosed by the invention is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other complex energy management system, and environmental protection and energy saving energy utilization technology neck is belonged to Domain.
Background technique
Currently, this will lead to mains frequency unstability since climate warming leads to the peak of power consumption of summer user, serious person will Lead to region large-area power-cuts.For such situation, power grid is proposed the policy of time-of-use tariffs, and by introduce energy storage device or The mode that energy storage method carries out peak load shifting reduces power grid pressure.The energy storage device can also be loaded on load side loaded on net end (i.e. user terminal) can equally be loaded on power end.But there is also some problems for the prior art, such as since stored energy capacitance is limited, The order of magnitude with power grid does not match that, not can solve fundamental issue.Also have at present new by introducing photovoltaic, water power, wind-powered electricity generation etc. Energy power supply weakens influence of the load peak to power grid for energy storage is in connection, but due to its fluctuation and uncertain Property and grid-connected difficulty, these factors all will while introducing new energy increase power grid unstability.
Therefore, the control difficulty that new energy not only increases net end and source is introduced from net end and source, increases system dimension Degree and complexity, and since the order of magnitude of the new energy power supply and power grid that are finally introducing is not in same rank, it can not be complete Solve the influence that load peak brings power grid.Therefore, new energy introducing load side (i.e. user terminal) can preferably be solved this A little problems.
The prior art by national patent board web by preliminary search discovery has:
The patent application of patent No. CN104952001A disclose it is a kind of to include air conditioner load controllable burden use Electrical equipment is divided into controllable burden and firm demand by the method for electrically optimized scheduling, and controllable burden includes that the air-conditioning of power-adjustable is negative Lotus and transferable load;Operation of air conditioner optimization aim model is established to air conditioner load, transferable load is established transferable negative Lotus optimization aim model;Operation of air conditioner optimization aim model is optimized using non-dominated sorted genetic algorithm;To transferable Load optimal object module carries out optimizing using self-adapted genetic algorithm, and to minimize, the energy is spent and indoor optimum temperature is mesh Mark establishes function.The invention only reaches the minimum of cost from transferable load is called, but the total load of transferable load Amount is smaller, and the cost that can be saved is limited, and can not weaken load peak valley, cannot reduce power grid pressure.
It includes photovoltaic battle array that the patent application of patent No. CN201810069900.X, which discloses a kind of home energy management method, Column, battery, inverter, family's load, home gateway, Web server and Web browser, the photovoltaic array and electric power storage Chi Jun is respectively connected to family's load, power grid by inverter;Family's load includes intelligent socket and electric appliance, intelligent socket difference It is connected to electric appliance, inverter, home gateway;Home gateway, Web server, Web browser are sequentially connected.To consider to pass through simultaneously Ji property and comfort level are that comprehensive evaluation index establishes objective function, are that constraint determines final load electricity consumption with energy storage remaining capacity Amount.Although photovoltaic and energy storage are included in Energy Management System by the invention, the efficiency in conversion process of energy is not accounted for Problem is using electric energy as medium, and each equipment carries out the exchange and complementation of energy, and energy loss therein is self-evident.
It is all that the structure stored up to light is combined and Optimal improvements, the method only combined to light storage are made optimization and changed above Into, and energy storage herein mostly uses greatly electrochemical energy storage (lithium battery, lead storage battery etc.).Photovoltaic-electrotransformation is inefficient and works as Its efficiency of energy needed for photovoltaic-electricity is then converted to other electrical equipments will further decrease, and set when without so Multifunctional electric When standby, electric energy will be further converted to the chemical energy of energy storage, its efficiency further decreases after more step energy conversions.
In conjunction with the above analysis, if the structure of electrical equipment can be changed, photovoltaic and energy storage are combined, reduce energy step of converting It will effectively solve the problems, such as solar energy utilization ratio.Known air-conditioning is the main reason for causing summer peak of power consumption, if solving empty again Peak of power consumption will effectively be solved the problems, such as by adjusting the electrical problem of equipment.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, complex energy management system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other proposed by the invention includes that collection can mould Block, four part of energy-storage module, refrigeration module and power supply module.Specifically, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
Complex energy management system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the invention includes that collection can module, energy-storage module, refrigeration module and power supply Four part of module.It is characterized in that, the collection energy module include: reflective mirror matrix 1, optically focused heat collector 2, expansion chamber's entrance 3, External insulated wall 4, inner wall 5, expansion chamber 6, piston plate 7, compression chamber 8, motor 9, take electric lead 10, connecting rod 11, power grid 36 and Inverter 37.Wherein, the reflective mirror matrix 1 includes polygon mirror, and being located outside can receive at sunlight, and the multi-panel is anti- The tilt angle of light microscopic is different two-by-two, sunlight reflection is focused on optically focused heat collector 2, the optically focused heat collector 2 is located at swollen The inlet at 6 top of swollen chamber, slant setting is to guarantee the without hindrance injection of reflected light, and expansion chamber's entrance 3 is by thermal conductivity Can be excellent, the good sealing material of light transmission is sealed;The perpendicular outer wall 4 of the expansion chamber 6 is external insulated wall;The expansion chamber Room 6 and compression chamber 8 are spaced apart by piston plate 7, and the expansion chamber 6 is equal with 8 pressure of compression chamber, when optically focused heat collector 2 When being heated by 6 top entry of expansion chamber to the gas in expansion chamber 6, the pressure of the expansion chamber 6 increases, living Seben 7 is moved to compression chamber 8, compresses in compression chamber 8 gas.
Further, the energy-storage module includes pressure-regulating valve 14, sub-inlet valve 15, compression gas energy storage storehouse 16, gas storehouse Outlet valve 1, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18, expansion chamber inlet valve 19 and cooler 20.The pressure-regulating valve 14 is located at compression chamber 8 bottom opening of room, the angle of valve block are control valve opening, when the gas pressure of compression chamber 8 is excessive, adjust the tune Section valve 14 becomes larger aperture, and gas is passed through compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 by the pressure-regulating valve 14, sets in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 It sets cooler 20 and converts pressure energy in advance for gas thermal energy, separate branch from the capillary 26 of refrigeration module and be connected to cooler 20, the waste gas outlet of the cooler 20 is connected by sub-inlet valve 15 with compression chamber 8.
Further, compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 is provided with gas storehouse outlet valve 1 and gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18, wherein institute It states gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and is connected by pipeline with the expansion chamber inlet valve 19 of expansion chamber 6 bottom.When compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 Pressure can open gas storehouse outlet valve 1 when excessive, by the aperture for adjusting valve block angular adjustment gas storehouse outlet valve 1.When The gas pressure of compression chamber 8 can open gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 when too small, by adjusting valve block The aperture of angular adjustment gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 will compress the gas pressure stored by gas energy storage storehouse 16 It is delivered to expansion chamber 6.
Further, the refrigeration module includes high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, high temperature high pressure liquid 22, medium temperature and medium pressure liquid Body 23, condenser 24, medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, capillary 26, evaporator 27, low temperature low pressure gas 28, high-temperature low-pressure gas Body 29, high-temperature low-pressure gas pipeline 30, inlet valve 12 and outlet valve 13.
Further, the sidewall upper of the compression chamber 8 and lower end are respectively arranged with inlet valve 12 and outlet valve 13, compression chamber 8 is connected by outlet valve 13 with high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, and the high temperature to be pressurizeed by compression chamber 8 is high Body of calming the anger enters high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, since pipeline section space reduces suddenly, the high temperature by outlet valve 13 High pressure gas will become high temperature high pressure liquid 22, and high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21 is connected with condenser 24, high temperature high pressure liquid 22 It is passed through condenser 24, condenser 24 carries out cooling processing, high temperature and pressure to high temperature high pressure liquid 22 by way of radiating outward Liquid 22 becomes medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 since condenser 24 takes away heat, 24 outlet end of condenser and medium temperature and medium pressure liquid line Road 25 is connected, and the other end of medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25 is connected with capillary 26,26 other end of capillary and 27 phase of evaporator Even, the medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 enters evaporator 27 by capillary 26 by medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, due to medium temperature Middle press liquid 23 enters large space instant vaporization heat absorption from small space and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas 28, passes through Evaporator 27 externally play the role of reducing external temperature by heat absorption, and the low temperature low pressure gas 28 is due to absorbing external heat Become high-temperature low-pressure gas 29, evaporator 27 is connected by high-temperature low-pressure gas pipeline 30 with inlet valve 12, high-temperature low-pressure Gas 29 reenters compression chamber 8 by inlet valve 12, completes a refrigeration cycle.
Further, the power supply module includes heat collecting chamber 31, turbine 32, generator 33, power transmission conducting wire 34, other use Electric equipment 35 and power grid 36.
After adopting the above technical scheme, obtain it is following the utility model has the advantages that
One, when analyzing summer from the root power grid unstability and power off basic reason be that air conditioner load is excessively high, utilize the summer Thermal energy caused by its solar energy generates pressure energy and then plays the role of the effect that compressor plays refrigeration, generated luminous energy It is produced electricl energy by photoresistance and generates the refrigeration system that pressure energy forms self energizing after generating mechanical energy.Specifically Be embodied in summer in fact and be because the heat effect of solar energy improves temperature needing to cool down, the present invention with expansion chamber, Piston plate, compression chamber convert pressure energy instead of the position of compressor in script air-conditioning for the thermal energy in solar energy, and lead to The luminous energy crossed in solar energy takes electricity to reinforce compression, and taking full advantage of solar energy reduces thermal energy caused by solar energy.
Two, in the refrigeration system on-site elimination of self energizing building the load peak of refrigeration system brought power grid with it is low Paddy in a disguised form plays the role of peak load shifting.Since the daytime in summer or the load peak at night are exactly because of air conditioning electricity Caused, it solves the problems, such as air conditioning electricity, takes electricity that can solve load peak on the spot using solar energy.
Three, solar energy new energy technology application has been expanded, has provided new model for new energy application mode.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is a kind of multiple complementary energy source system embodiment 1 disclosed by the invention;
Attached drawing 2 is a kind of heating figure of the system embodiment 2 of additional heating effect disclosed by the invention;
Attached drawing 3 is a kind of stopping figure of the system embodiment 2 of additional heating effect disclosed by the invention;
Attached drawing 4 is a kind of refrigeration figure of the system embodiment 2 of additional heating effect disclosed by the invention.
Appended drawing reference is as follows:
1- reflective mirror matrix;2- optically focused heat collector;3- expansion chamber entrance;4- external insulated wall;5- inner wall;6- expansion chamber Room;7- piston plate;8- compression chamber;9- motor;10- takes electric lead;11- connecting rod;12- inlet valve;13- outlet valve;14- Pressure-regulating valve;15- sub-inlet valve;16- compresses gas energy storage storehouse;17- gas storehouse outlet valve one;18- gas storehouse outlet valve two;19- is swollen Swollen chamber inlet valve;20- cooler;21- high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline;22- high temperature high pressure liquid;23- medium temperature and medium pressure liquid;24- Condenser;25- medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline;26- capillary;27- evaporator;28- low temperature low pressure gas;29- high-temperature low-pressure gas Body;30- high-temperature low-pressure gas pipeline;31- heat collecting chamber;32- turbine;33- generator;34- power transmission conducting wire;Other electricity consumptions of 35- Equipment;36- power grid;37- inverter;51- shut-off valve;52- commutator;53- check-valves;54- pair capillary;The main capillary of 55-.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, complex energy management system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the invention includes that collection can module, energy-storage module, refrigeration Four part of module and power supply module.
The collection energy module includes: reflective mirror matrix 1, optically focused heat collector 2, expansion chamber's entrance 3, external insulated wall 4, inner wall 5, expansion chamber 6, piston plate 7, compression chamber 8, motor 9, take electric lead 10, connecting rod 11, power grid 36 and inverter 37.Wherein, The reflective mirror matrix 1 includes polygon mirror, and being located outside can receive at sunlight, the tilt angle of the polygon mirror It is different two-by-two, sunlight reflection is focused on optically focused heat collector 2, the optically focused heat collector 2 is located at entering for 6 top of expansion chamber At mouthful, slant setting is to guarantee the without hindrance injection of reflected light, and expansion chamber's entrance 3 is excellent by heating conduction, and light transmission is good Sealing material sealed, sealing material is preferably glass;The perpendicular outer wall 4 of the expansion chamber 6 is external insulated wall, is set thereon There is heat-insulating material;The expansion chamber 6 and compression chamber 8 are spaced apart by piston plate 7, and (see Fig. 2) in the same chamber, The expansion chamber 6 is equal with 8 pressure of compression chamber, when optically focused heat collector 2 passes through 6 top entry of expansion chamber to expansion chamber When gas in 6 is heated, the pressure of the expansion chamber 6 increases, and piston plate 7 is moved to compression chamber 8, compresses compression chamber The gas of interior 8.
Further, it is provided with solar energy photovoltaic panel on the wall surface that inner wall 5 and piston plate 7 are contacted with expansion chamber 6, led to It crosses and electric lead 10 is taken to be connected with inverter 37, direct current is changed into alternating current and powered to motor 9 by inverter 37, and motor 9 passes through Connecting rod 11 pushes piston plate 7 to move further compressed gas to compression chamber 8.Power grid 36 and 37 ac output end phase of inverter Even, power grid 36 passes through the movement to its piston plate 7 of the power supply reinforcement of motor 9.
The energy-storage module includes pressure-regulating valve 14, sub-inlet valve 15, compression gas energy storage storehouse 16, gas storehouse outlet valve one 17, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18, expansion chamber inlet valve 19 and cooler 20.The pressure-regulating valve 14 is located at 8 bottom of compression chamber Opening, the angle of valve block is control valve opening, when the gas pressure of compression chamber 8 is excessive, adjusts the regulating valve 14 Become larger aperture, and gas is passed through compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 by the pressure-regulating valve 14, in order to improve the efficiency of compression gas energy storage, Convert pressure energy in advance for gas thermal energy in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 setting cooler 20 (will dissipate since thermal energy does not convert Lose), therefore separate branch from the capillary of refrigeration module 26 and be connected to cooler 20, the waste gas outlet of the cooler 20 passes through Sub-inlet valve 15 is connected with compression chamber 8.
Further, compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 is provided with gas storehouse outlet valve 1 and gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18, wherein institute It states gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and is connected by pipeline with the expansion chamber inlet valve 19 of expansion chamber 6 bottom.When compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 Pressure can open gas storehouse outlet valve 1 when excessive, by the aperture for adjusting valve block angular adjustment gas storehouse outlet valve 1.When The gas pressure of compression chamber 8 can open gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 when too small, by adjusting valve block The aperture of angular adjustment gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 will compress the gas pressure stored by gas energy storage storehouse 16 It is delivered to expansion chamber 6.
Wherein, all valve gears are equipped with built-in motor and adjust valve block angle.
Wherein expansion chamber 6, compression chamber 8, the gas medium in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 are identical.
The refrigeration module includes high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, high temperature high pressure liquid 22, medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23, condensation Device 24, medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, capillary 26, evaporator 27, low temperature low pressure gas 28, high-temperature low-pressure gas 29, high temperature Low-pressure gas pipeline 30, inlet valve 12 and outlet valve 13.
The sidewall upper of the compression chamber 8 and lower end are respectively arranged with inlet valve 12 and outlet valve 13, compression chamber Room 8 is connected by outlet valve 13 with high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, is passed through by the high temperature and high pressure gas that compression chamber 8 pressurizes Outlet valve 13 enters high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21, and since pipeline section space reduces suddenly, the high temperature and high pressure gas will Become high temperature high pressure liquid 22, high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline 21 is connected with condenser 24, and high temperature high pressure liquid 22 is passed through condenser 24, condenser 24 carries out cooling processing to high temperature high pressure liquid 22 by way of radiating outward, high temperature high pressure liquid 22 due to Condenser 24 takes away heat and becomes medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23, and 24 outlet end of condenser is connected with medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, The other end of medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25 is connected with capillary 26, and 26 other end of capillary is connected with evaporator 27, it is described in Middle benefit gas press liquid 23 enters evaporator 27 by capillary 26 by medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, due to medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 From small space enter large space instant vaporization heat absorption and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas 28, it is right by evaporator 27 Outer heat absorption is played the role of reducing external temperature, and to become high temperature low due to absorbing external heat for the low temperature low pressure gas 28 It calms the anger body 29, evaporator 27 is connected by high-temperature low-pressure gas pipeline 30 with inlet valve 12, and high-temperature low-pressure gas 29 passes through Inlet valve 12 reenters compression chamber 8, completes a refrigeration cycle.
The power supply module includes heat collecting chamber 31, turbine 32, generator 33, power transmission conducting wire 34, other electrical equipments 35 With power grid 36.
The gas storehouse outlet valve 1 in the compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 is connected with heat collecting chamber 31, and the heat collecting chamber 31 is poly- for optically focused Thermal, specially top are provided with the gas chamber of convex lens, and the compressed gas after being heated enters whirlpool by heat collecting chamber 31 Turbine 32 does work, and turbine 32 is connect with generator 33 in coaxially connected mode, and generator 33 passes through power transmission conducting wire 34 to room Interior other electrical equipments 35 power supply, while the input of other electrical equipments 35 is terminated with power grid 36, in compressed gas energy storage storehouse 16 Pressure is powered when being no more than setting value for other electrical equipments 35.
The control method of complex energy management system in application process of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the invention is divided into following several feelings Condition:
Situation one
When daytime solar energy energy density it is higher and need to start indoor refrigeration system at that time internally freeze when, if working as When solar energy collected by daytime can just provide the energy needed for freezing in room on daytime, solar energy only provides refrigeration module institute The energy needed: pressure-regulating valve 14, sub-inlet valve 15, gas storehouse outlet valve 1, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are in closed state;Outlet valve 13 and inlet valve 12 are in the open state.At this point, being passed through by optically focused heat collector 2 swollen Swollen 6 top entry of chamber heats the gas in expansion chamber 6, the pressure of the expansion chamber 6 due to heat effect and Increase pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, enters height by outlet valve 13 after 8 gas is compressed in compression chamber Warm high-pressure fluid line, since pipeline section space reduces suddenly, the high temperature and high pressure gas will become high temperature high pressure liquid 22, High temperature high pressure liquid 22 is passed through condenser 24, and condenser 24 cools down to high temperature high pressure liquid 22 by way of radiating outward Processing, high temperature high pressure liquid 22 become medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 since condenser 24 takes away heat, the medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 enter capillary 26 by medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline 25, enter evaporator 27 by capillary 26, due to medium temperature and medium pressure liquid Body 23 enters large space instant vaporization heat absorption from small space and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas 28, passes through evaporator 27, which externally absorb heat, plays the role of reducing external temperature, and the low temperature low pressure gas 28 becomes high due to absorbing external heat Warm low-pressure gas 29, high-temperature low-pressure gas 29 reenter compression chamber 8 by inlet valve 12, complete once to indoor system Cold-working is used.
When if desired starting indoor refrigeration system at night and internally freeze, then starts power grid 36 and input motor 9, motor 9 is controlled 11 propelling piston plate 7 of connecting rod processed moves the power source as refrigeration module to compression chamber 8;Other electrical equipments 35 are by power grid 36 provide the energy, and generator 33 and turbine 32 and heat collecting chamber 31 do not work.
When also remaining other than energy needed for if solar energy collected by daytime removes the indoor refrigeration of offer on daytime, opening Pressure-regulating valve 14 determines the aperture of pressure-regulating valve 14 according to the real-time pressure in compression chamber, and compressed air is stored in and is pressed In contracting gas energy storage storehouse 16.In order to improve the efficiency of compression gas energy storage, sub-inlet valve 15, hair of the cooler 20 from refrigeration module are opened Tubule introduces medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23, and medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 enters large space moment vapour from small space after entering cooler 20 Change and absorb heat and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas 28, by cooler 20 in compression 16 entrance of gas energy storage storehouse to entrance Gas thermal energy is converted pressure energy in advance by the gas contact heat absorption in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16, the low temperature low pressure gas 28 due to Absorbing heat becomes high-temperature low-pressure gas 29, flows into compression chamber 8 by sub-inlet valve 15.
Compressed air in energy storage storehouse is other than energy needed for the solar energy removes the indoor refrigeration of offer on daytime Surplus is divided into following three kinds of situations according to the number of surplus and is controlled:
System can the energy according to needed for history night refrigeration module estimation night refrigeration gas consumption.
System can estimate that the sun sets available surplus according to the solar energy obtained in real time.
(1) when surplus is greater than the refrigeration gas consumption at night
In order to keep compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 in gas pressure stabilization and be no more than rated pressure, energy storage on daytime it is same When open gas storehouse outlet valve 1, setting one 17 aperture of gas storehouse outlet valve make flow into heat collecting chamber 31 compressed gas total flow meet Surplus subtracts the value of refrigeration gas consumption.Into heat collecting chamber 31 compressed gas be heated after enter turbine 32 do work, turbine 32 drive generator 33 to operate, and generator 33 is powered by power transmission conducting wire 34 to other indoor electrical equipments 35.When compressed gas stores up When the compressed gas scale of construction in energy storehouse 16 is equal to the refrigeration gas consumption at night, gas storehouse outlet valve 1 is closed, stops supplying power for outside.
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.
(2) when surplus is equal to the refrigeration gas consumption at night
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.
(3) when surplus is less than the refrigeration gas consumption at night
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.In room It is interior to be compressed after the compressed gas in gas energy storage storehouse 16 uses up without determining to close refrigeration module, 2 18 He of gas storehouse outlet valve Expansion chamber inlet valve 19 is closed, and starting power grid 36 inputs motor 9, and 9 controls connecting rod of motor, 11 propelling piston plate 7 is to compression chamber 8 Move the power source as refrigeration module.
Situation two
When daytime solar energy energy density it is higher and do not need to start indoor refrigeration system at that time internally freeze when, gas Storehouse outlet valve 1, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18, expansion chamber inlet valve 19, outlet valve 13 and inlet valve 12, which are in, closes shape State, pressure-regulating valve 14 and sub-inlet valve 15 are in open state.6 top entry of expansion chamber is passed through by optically focused heat collector 2 Gas in expansion chamber 6 is heated, the pressure of the expansion chamber 6 increases due to heat effect, pushes piston plate 7 It is moved to compression chamber 8, compressed air is stored in by compressed gas by pressure-regulating valve 14 after 8 gas is compressed in compression chamber In energy storage storehouse 16.In order to improve the efficiency of compression gas energy storage, sub-inlet valve 15, capillary of the cooler 20 from refrigeration module are opened Medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 is introduced, medium temperature and medium pressure liquid 23 enters large space instant vaporization from small space after entering cooler 20 and inhales Heat and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas 28, by cooler 20 compression 16 entrance of gas energy storage storehouse to enter compress Gas thermal energy is converted pressure energy in advance by the gas contact heat absorption in gas energy storage storehouse 16, and the low temperature low pressure gas 28 is due to absorbing Heat becomes high-temperature low-pressure gas 29, flows into compression chamber 8 by sub-inlet valve 15.Purposes after gas storage can be divided into following three Kind control mode:
(1) when compression 16 gas-storing capacity of gas energy storage storehouse is greater than the refrigeration gas consumption at night
In order to keep compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 in gas pressure stabilization and be no more than rated pressure, energy storage on daytime it is same When open gas storehouse outlet valve 1, setting one 17 aperture of gas storehouse outlet valve make flow into heat collecting chamber 31 compressed gas total flow meet Surplus subtracts the value of refrigeration gas consumption.Into heat collecting chamber 31 compressed gas be heated after enter turbine 32 do work, turbine 32 drive generator 33 to operate, and generator 33 is powered by power transmission conducting wire 34 to other indoor electrical equipments 35.When compressed gas stores up When the compressed gas scale of construction in energy storehouse 16 is equal to the refrigeration gas consumption at night, gas storehouse outlet valve 1 is closed, stops supplying power for outside.
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.
(2) when compression 16 gas-storing capacity of gas energy storage storehouse is equal to the refrigeration gas consumption at night
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.
(3) when compression 16 gas-storing capacity of gas energy storage storehouse is less than the refrigeration gas consumption at night
When night, refrigeration module need to be opened to indoor refrigeration, gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve are successively opened 19, the compressed gas in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 enters expansion by the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 Chamber 6 simultaneously pushes piston plate 7 to move to compression chamber 8, and the gas in compression chamber 8 completes refrigeration cycle by compression.The gas The aperture of storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 target as set by the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor and interior refrigeration temperature Degree is determined.When determining to close refrigeration module indoors, the gas storehouse outlet valve 2 18 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 are closed.In room It is interior to be compressed after the compressed gas in gas energy storage storehouse 16 uses up without determining to close refrigeration module, 2 18 He of gas storehouse outlet valve Expansion chamber inlet valve 19 is closed, and starting power grid 36 inputs motor 9, and 9 controls connecting rod of motor, 11 propelling piston plate 7 is to compression chamber 8 Move the power source as refrigeration module.When the energy density of same day solar energy is lower to be still required to indoor refrigeration, power grid 36 reinforce the movement of its piston plate 7 by powering to motor.Pass through outlet valve after the high-temperature gas in compression chamber 8 is compressed Door 13 becomes the liquid of high temperature and pressure, and liquid, which enters condenser 24 by high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline, becomes medium temperature and medium pressure liquid, Capillary 26 is arrived at by medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline, evaporator 27 is entered by capillary 26, space increases suddenly, and pressure subtracts Small, liquid medium instant vaporization absorbs a large amount of heat, and evaporator turns cold cooling, becomes high-temperature gas entrance after gas heat absorption High-temperature low-pressure gas pipeline 30 enters compression chamber 8 by inlet valve 12, completes primary complete refrigeration cycle.
Situation three
When the energy density of same day solar energy is higher, room temperature is controlled ideal using refrigeration cycle enough Or when set temperature, remaining gas compression can will enter compression gas energy storage by 14 controlling opening of valve of pressure-regulating valve Storehouse 16, system is according to night energy situation, and the aperture of adjusting gas storehouse outlet valve 1 is on daytime (i.e. while collection solar energy) to it His power supply for electrical equipment can convert mechanical energy for compressed air by turbine 32, and by generator 33 through power transmission conducting wire 34 pairs of other electrical equipments 35 are powered.When the energy density of solar energy is lower, by power grid 36 to other electrical equipments 35 It is powered.
To improve power supply efficiency, it is known that increase cooler in compression 16 entrance of gas energy storage storehouse, to recycle the heat of compression, in turbine The entrance of machine 32 increases regenerator and whole stored energy capacitance and efficiency can be improved to improve intake air temperature.Because can will store up Thermal energy eventually lost is converted into pressure energy after depositing.So further, in compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 by from capillary 26 It draws ground leg to be provided with evaporator 20 and be connected with compression chamber 8, realizes compression 16 inlet cooling of gas energy storage storehouse.
Further, heat collecting chamber 31 is provided among compression gas energy storage storehouse 16 and turbine 32.
Since night is also required to freeze sometimes, refrigerating operation is carried out by 36 driving motor 9 of power grid, it is certainly enough in energy storage In the case where can pass through and adjust the valve opening of gas storehouse outlet valve 2 and expansion chamber inlet valve 19 refrigeration cycle is provided.
Further, refrigeration effect, i.e. room temperature are adjusted by valve opening.
Further, to have heating effect in winter, system embodiment is as shown in Figure 2,3, 4, by shut-off valve 51, Commutator 52, check-valves 53, secondary capillary 54 are i.e. controllable to reach refrigeration and hot or pause.
It as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, is the heating, stopping, the work of refrigeration of refrigeration module affix heat-production functions respectively Schematic diagram.
As shown in Fig. 2, the pressure of expansion chamber 6 increases due to heat effect, piston plate 7 is pushed to transport to compression chamber 8 It is dynamic, enter commutator 52 after entering pipeline by outlet valve 13 after 8 gas is compressed in compression chamber, due to commutating at this time The pipe outlet of connection outlet valve 13 is connected by device 52 with the entrance for connecting evaporator 27, will connect inlet valve 12 Entrance be connected with the pipe outlet for connecting condenser 24, so the high temperature high pressure liquid flowed out by outlet valve 13 will It is admitted to indoor evaporator 27, the effect of condenser is identical when the effect of evaporator 27 freezes with above system at this time, evaporation Device 27 carries out cooling processing to high temperature high pressure liquid by way of radiating outward, and high temperature high pressure liquid is taken away due to evaporator 27 Heat and become medium temperature and medium pressure liquid outflow evaporator 27, due to check-valves 53, the medium temperature and medium pressure liquid by pipeline entrance Secondary capillary 54 enters outdoor condenser 24 by main capillary 55, since medium temperature and medium pressure liquid enters big sky from small space Between instant vaporization heat absorption and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas, due to temperature it is too low pass through condenser 24 externally inhale Heat, the low temperature low pressure gas become high-temperature low-pressure gas due to absorbing external heat, and high-temperature low-pressure gas passes through commutation Device 52 flows into inlet valve 12 and reenters compression chamber 8, completes once to act on indoor heating.Wherein shut-off valve 51 be Closing when halt system heating being needed to act on, shut-off valve 51 is kept it turned on when in system work.
As shown in figure 3, when system is in halted state, the commutator 52 is in the state of each road intercommunication, in order to anti- The liquid of the case where only outlet valve 13 and inlet valve 12 do not close, outflow outlet valve 13 will directly be flowed back to via commutator Compression chamber 8 is returned to after inlet valve 12.
As shown in figure 4, the pressure of expansion chamber 6 increases due to heat effect, piston plate 7 is pushed to transport to compression chamber 8 It is dynamic, enter commutator 52 after entering pipeline by outlet valve 13 after 8 gas is compressed in compression chamber, due to commutating at this time The pipe outlet of connection outlet valve 13 is connected by device 52 with the entrance for connecting condenser 24, will connect inlet valve 12 Entrance be connected with the pipe outlet for connecting evaporator 27, so the high temperature high pressure liquid flowed out by outlet valve 13 will It is admitted to outdoor condenser 24, the effect of condenser is identical when the effect of condenser 24 freezes with above system at this time, condensation Device 24 carries out cooling processing to high temperature high pressure liquid by way of radiating outward, and high temperature high pressure liquid is taken away due to condenser 24 Heat and become medium temperature and medium pressure liquid outflow condenser 24, the medium temperature and medium pressure liquid enters check-valves 53 by pipeline, herein The effect of check-valves 53 is liquid refluence in order to prevent, the evaporator 27 entered the room by main capillary 55, due in medium temperature Press liquid enters large space instant vaporization heat absorption from small space and taking away amount of heat becomes low temperature low pressure gas, due to temperature mistake Externally indoor heat is taken away in heat absorption to low pass pervaporation device 27, and the low temperature low pressure gas becomes high due to absorbing extraneous heat Warm low-pressure gas, high-temperature low-pressure gas flow into inlet valve 12 by commutator 52 and reenter compression chamber 8, and it is primary right to complete Indoor refrigeration.Wherein shut-off valve 51 is the closing when needing halt system refrigeration, shut-off valve when in system work 51 keep it turned on.
Following technical effect is achieved using the present invention after above-mentioned technical proposal:
One, power grid unstability and the reason of powering off is that air conditioner load is excessively high when analyzing summer from the root, too using summer Thermal energy caused by positive energy generates pressure energy and then plays the role of the effect that compressor plays refrigeration, and generated luminous energy passes through Photoresistance produces electricl energy and then generates the refrigeration system that pressure energy forms self energizing after generating mechanical energy.It embodies It is because the heat effect of solar energy improves temperature needing to cool down in fact in summer, the present invention uses expansion chamber, piston Plate, compression chamber convert pressure energy instead of the position of compressor in script air-conditioning for the thermal energy in solar energy, and by too Luminous energy in positive energy takes electricity to reinforce compression, and taking full advantage of solar energy reduces thermal energy caused by solar energy.
Two, in the refrigeration system on-site elimination of self energizing building the load peak of refrigeration system brought power grid with it is low Paddy in a disguised form plays the role of peak load shifting.Since the daytime in summer or the load peak at night are exactly because of air conditioning electricity Caused, it solves the problems, such as air conditioning electricity, takes electricity that can solve load peak on the spot using solar energy.
Three, solar energy new energy technology application has been expanded, has provided new model for new energy application mode.
Although the detailed description and description of the specific embodiments of the present invention are given above, it should be noted that We can carry out various equivalent changes and modification to above embodiment according to the concept of the present invention, and generated function is made It, should all be within protection scope of the present invention when with the spirit still covered without departing from specification and attached drawing.The above, only Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit the invention, according to the technical essence of the invention to above embodiments institute Any trickle amendment, equivalent replacement and the improvement made, all should be included in the scope of protection of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. The complex energy management system 1. one kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other, including collection can module, energy-storage module, refrigeration module and power supply modules four Part, which is characterized in that the collection energy module include: reflective mirror matrix (1), optically focused heat collector (2), expansion chamber's entrance (3), External insulated wall (4), expansion chamber (6), piston plate (7), compression chamber (8), motor (9), takes electric lead (10), connects inner wall (5) Bar (11), power grid (36) and inverter (37);Wherein, the reflective mirror matrix (1) includes polygon mirror, and being located outside can connect It receives at sunlight, the tilt angle of the polygon mirror is different two-by-two, and sunlight reflection is focused on optically focused heat collector (2) On, the optically focused heat collector (2) is located at the inlet at the top of expansion chamber (6), and slant setting is penetrated with guaranteeing that reflected light is without hindrance Enter, expansion chamber's entrance (3) is excellent by heating conduction, and the good sealing material of light transmission is sealed;The expansion chamber (6) Perpendicular outer wall (4) be external insulated wall;The expansion chamber (6) and compression chamber (8) are spaced apart by piston plate (7), described swollen Swollen chamber (6) and compression chamber (8) pressure are equal, when optically focused heat collector (2) pass through expansion chamber (6) top entry to expansion chamber When gas in room (6) is heated, the pressure of the expansion chamber (6) increases, and piston plate (7) is moved to compression chamber (8), Compress the gas of (8) in compression chamber.
  2. 2. complex energy management system according to claim 1 of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, further, the energy-storage module include pressure Force regulating valve (14), sub-inlet valve (15), compression gas energy storage storehouse (16), gas storehouse outlet valve one (17), gas storehouse outlet valve two (18), Expansion chamber inlet valve (19) and cooler (20);The pressure-regulating valve (14) is located at compression chamber (8) bottom opening, works as compression It when the gas pressure of chamber (8) is excessive, adjusts the regulating valve (14) and becomes larger aperture, gas passes through the pressure-regulating valve (14) It is passed through compression gas energy storage storehouse (16), converts pressure in advance for gas thermal energy in compression gas energy storage storehouse (16) setting cooler (20) Can, branch is separated from the capillary (26) of refrigeration module and is connected to cooler (20), and the waste gas outlet of the cooler (20) is logical Sub-inlet valve (15) is crossed to be connected with compression chamber (8).
  3. 3. complex energy management system according to claim 2 of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, further, in compression gas energy storage storehouse (16) Be provided with gas storehouse outlet valve one (17) and gas storehouse outlet valve two (18), wherein the gas storehouse outlet valve two (18) by pipeline with it is swollen The expansion chamber inlet valve (19) of swollen chamber (6) bottom is connected.
  4. 4. complex energy management system according to claim 1 of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, further, the refrigeration module include height Warm high-pressure fluid line (21), high temperature high pressure liquid (22), medium temperature and medium pressure liquid (23), condenser (24), medium temperature and medium pressure liquid Pipeline (25), capillary (26), evaporator (27), low temperature low pressure gas (28), high-temperature low-pressure gas (29), high-temperature low-pressure gas Pipeline (30), inlet valve (12) and outlet valve (13).
  5. 5. complex energy management system according to claim 4 of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, further, the compression chamber (8) Sidewall upper and lower end are respectively arranged with inlet valve (12) and outlet valve (13), and compression chamber (8) passes through outlet valve (13) it is connected with high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline (21), outlet valve is passed through by the high temperature and high pressure gas that compression chamber (8) pressurize (13) enter high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline (21), since pipeline section space reduces suddenly, the high temperature and high pressure gas will become High temperature high pressure liquid (22), high temperature high pressure liquid pipeline (21) are connected with condenser (24), and high temperature high pressure liquid (22) is passed through cold Condenser (24), condenser (24) carry out cooling processing, high temperature and pressure to high temperature high pressure liquid (22) by way of radiating outward Liquid (22) becomes medium temperature and medium pressure liquid (23) since condenser (24) takes away heat, in condenser (24) outlet end and medium temperature Press liquid pipeline (25) is connected, and the other end of medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline (25) is connected with capillary (26), and capillary (26) is another One end is connected with evaporator (27), and the medium temperature and medium pressure liquid (23) passes through capillary by medium temperature and medium pressure fluid pipeline (25) (26) enter evaporator (27), taken away big since medium temperature and medium pressure liquid (23) enters large space instant vaporization heat absorption from small space Calorimetric quantitative change is low temperature low pressure gas (28), and by evaporator (27), externally heat absorption is played the role of reducing external temperature, described Low temperature low pressure gas (28) becomes high-temperature low-pressure gas (29) due to absorbing external heat, and evaporator (27) is low by high temperature Pressure gas pipeline (30) is connected with inlet valve (12), and high-temperature low-pressure gas (29) reenters pressure by inlet valve (12) Contracting chamber (8) completes a refrigeration cycle.
  6. 6. complex energy management system according to claim 1 of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, further, the power supply module include collection Hot cell (31), turbine (32), generator (33), power transmission conducting wire (34), electrical equipment (35) and power grid (36).
CN201811461727.4A 2018-12-02 2018-12-02 Multi-energy complementary comprehensive energy management system Active CN109654632B (en)

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ES2114759A1 (en) * 1994-03-14 1998-06-01 Cusido Vallmitjana J Solar-energy-driven pumping system
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