CN109653353B - Building load-bearing structural member and assembling method thereof - Google Patents

Building load-bearing structural member and assembling method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109653353B
CN109653353B CN201811588031.8A CN201811588031A CN109653353B CN 109653353 B CN109653353 B CN 109653353B CN 201811588031 A CN201811588031 A CN 201811588031A CN 109653353 B CN109653353 B CN 109653353B
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China
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shaped
lug
groove
box
connection
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CN109653353A (en
Inventor
王一弓
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Zhijiang College of ZJUT
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Zhijiang College of ZJUT
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2406Connection nodes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2421Socket type connectors

Abstract

The invention discloses a building load-bearing structural member and an assembly method thereof, wherein the building load-bearing structural member comprises a connecting box, an I-shaped surface, an L-shaped surface and a groove-shaped surface; the connecting box is of a three-dimensional six-face structure, one or a plurality of combinations of I-shaped surfaces, L-shaped surfaces and groove-shaped surfaces are arranged on six faces of the connecting box, the connecting box is divided into a two-way connecting box, a three-way connecting box, a four-way connecting box and a six-way connecting box, an outer connecting lug, a connecting screw hole, an outer groove, an inner connecting lug and an inner groove are arranged on each connecting face of the connecting box, the outer connecting lug and the inner connecting lug are identical in shape and size, and the outer groove and the inner groove are identical in shape and size; according to the invention, through the change of the connection mode of the weighing structural member, the weighing structural member for the building is convenient to install, the seamless connection of various sectional materials is realized, the high requirements of the traditional welding process on the quality and safety protection of workers are avoided, the structure can be disassembled and changed for multiple times, and the weighing structure is suitable for multiple purposes.

Description

Building load-bearing structural member and assembling method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building structures, in particular to a building load-bearing structural member and an assembling method thereof.
Background
The building is used as an infrastructure required by various industries, is widely applied and continuously updated for better ensuring production, and particularly, the steel structure building mainly comprising an industrial factory building is developed rapidly, so that the steel structure building is applied more and more due to the simplicity, the high efficiency, the large span area and the convenience in installation.
At present, steel construction building is with bolt and welded connected mode as the main, carry out the installation of bearing structure spare after installing basic structure, this kind of installation often needs the welding of long-time high altitude construction and eminence, traditional bearing structure spare also can not adapt to the top structure of multiple design, the welding of eminence needs the circular telegram safety protection work of will doing in advance, welded connected mode makes section bar can not used repeatedly when the factory building is demolishd and is renovated, demolish destructiveness basically, the structure of section bar is not good with the completion degree is preserved, can not reuse and adjustment structure. Therefore, how to improve the structural member for weighing the steel structure building, the steel structure sectional material can be installed only through bolts without welding at the connecting position, and the installation can realize the function of converting the I-shaped material, the L-shaped material and the groove sectional material, so that the steel structure weighing structural member is suitable for the requirements of various shapes and stresses, the lifting direct installation does not need to ensure the safety of operators through welding, the disassembly is convenient, the repeated utilization and the convenient transformation can be realized, and the reduction of the industrial energy consumption of the sectional material is the problem to be solved by the invention.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the technical problems, the invention aims to provide a building load-bearing structural member and an assembly method thereof, which are used for improving a structural member for weighing a steel structure building, wherein a steel structure sectional material can be installed only through bolts without welding at a connecting position, and the installation can realize the function of converting the steel structural material, an L sectional material and a groove sectional material, so that the steel structure weighing structural member is suitable for the requirements of various shapes and stresses, the safety of operators is ensured without welding during direct installation of hoisting, the dismounting is convenient, the reuse and the reconstruction are convenient, and the industrial energy consumption of the sectional material is reduced.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a building load-bearing structural member comprises a connecting box, an I-shaped surface, an L-shaped surface and a groove-shaped surface; the connecting box is of a three-dimensional six-face structure, one or more combinations of an I-shaped face, an L-shaped face and a groove face are arranged on the outer side of the connecting box, the connecting box is divided into a two-way connecting box, a three-way connecting box, a four-way connecting box and a six-way connecting box, an outer connecting lug is arranged at the central position on the outer side face of the connecting box, a connecting screw hole is arranged on the outer connecting lug, an outer groove is arranged on the connecting face on the inner side of the outer connecting lug, the outer groove penetrates through the inner side of the connecting box to be matched with the inner groove, an inner connecting lug is arranged on the outer side of the inner groove, the outer connecting lug and the inner connecting lug are identical in shape and;
the I-shaped surface is an I-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box, an outer I-shaped joint lug is arranged on the outer side of the I-shaped surface through welding, three I-shaped connecting screw holes in an isosceles triangle shape are arranged on a vertical column of the outer I-shaped joint lug, two I-shaped connecting screw holes close to the I-shaped surface are arranged in the vertical direction, an outer I-shaped groove is arranged in the middle of the outer I-shaped joint lug, the outer I-shaped groove penetrates through the I-shaped surface and is aligned with the inner I-shaped groove, the outer side of the inner I-shaped groove surrounds the inner I-shaped joint lug, the inner I-shaped joint lug is aligned with the outer I-shaped joint lug, the inner I-shaped joint lug extends to the middle position of the connecting box from the inner side of the I-shaped surface, the;
the L-shaped surface is formed by installing an L-shaped steel structure on the connecting surface of the connecting box, an outer L-shaped connecting lug is installed on the outer side of the L-shaped surface through welding, two L-shaped connecting screw holes are formed in two vertical columns of the outer L-shaped connecting lug and are arranged in the vertical direction, an outer L-shaped groove is formed in the middle of the outer L-shaped connecting lug and penetrates through the L-shaped surface to be aligned with the inner L-shaped groove, the outer side of the inner L-shaped groove surrounds the inner I-shaped connecting lug, the inner I-shaped connecting lug is aligned with the outer L-shaped connecting lug, the inner I-shaped connecting lug extends to the middle position of the connecting box from the inner side of the L-shaped surface, the inner I-shaped connecting lug and the outer L-shaped connecting lug are of steel plate structures, the wall thickness of the inner;
the groove-shaped surface is a groove-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box, an outer groove-shaped connecting lug is arranged on the outer side of the groove-shaped surface through welding, three groove-shaped connecting screw holes in an isosceles triangle shape are arranged on a stand column of the outer groove-shaped connecting lug, two groove-shaped connecting screw holes close to the groove-shaped surface are arranged in the vertical direction, an outer groove-shaped groove is arranged in the middle of the outer groove-shaped connecting lug, the outer groove-shaped groove penetrates through the groove-shaped surface and is aligned with an inner groove-shaped groove, the outer side of the inner groove-shaped groove surrounds the inner groove-shaped connecting lug, the inner groove-shaped connecting lug is aligned with the outer groove-shaped connecting lug, the inner groove-shaped connecting lug extends to the middle position of the connecting box from the inner side of the groove-shaped surface, the inner groove.
As a further scheme of the invention, the bidirectional connecting box comprises a linear connection mode and an L connection mode, the linear connection mode is that the central lines of the surfaces where the bidirectional connecting lugs are located are parallel and overlapped, the L connection mode is that the central lines of the surfaces where the bidirectional connecting lugs are located are mutually vertical, the linear connection mode is used for linearly connecting the section bars through the bidirectional connecting lugs, and the L connection mode is used for vertically connecting the section bars through the bidirectional connecting lugs.
As a further scheme of the invention, the three-way connecting box comprises two modes of T-shaped connection and Cartesian coordinate connection, the T-shaped connection is that two of the central lines of the surfaces where the three-way connecting lugs are located are parallel and coincident with each other, the central line of the other surface is perpendicular to the central lines, the T-shaped connection connects the profiles in a T shape through the three-way connecting lugs, the Cartesian connection is that the central lines of the surfaces where the three-way connecting lugs are located are perpendicular to each other in pairs, the intersection point is located at the central position of the three-way connecting box, and the Cartesian connection connects the profiles adjacently through the three-way connecting lugs.
As a further scheme of the invention, the four-way connecting box comprises a cross connection mode and a double-T-shaped connection mode, the cross connection mode is that the plane where the four-way connecting lugs are located is perpendicular to the adjacent plane and is parallel to the opposite plane, the cross connection mode is that the profiles are perpendicularly connected through the four-way connecting lugs, the double-T-shaped connection mode is that one plane of the plane where the four-way connecting lugs are located is perpendicular to the other three planes, two T-shaped structures are formed, and the double-T-shaped connection mode is that the profiles extend from one plane to the other plane through the four-way connecting lugs.
In a further aspect of the present invention, the six-way junction box has six-way junction lugs on six surfaces of the box body, and the opposing six-way junction lugs form a straight line which is overlapped.
As a further development of the invention, the female drum lug is provided with a first drum connection above the i-section and with a second drum connection below the i-section, the first drum connection and the second drum connection being mounted on the inner wall of the connecting box by welding one end.
As a further scheme of the invention, the inner L-shaped connecting lug is provided with a first L-shaped connection on the extension line long side of the L-shaped straight line, the inner L-shaped connecting lug is provided with a second L-shaped connection on the extension line short side of the L-shaped straight line, and one end of the first L-shaped connection and one end of the second L-shaped connection are installed on the inner wall of the connecting box through welding.
As a further scheme of the invention, the inner groove type lug is respectively provided with a first groove type connection and a second groove type connection on the extension lines of the straight lines at the two sides of the groove, and the connection end points of the first groove type connection and the second groove type connection are installed on the inner wall of the connection box through welding.
The method for assembling the building load-bearing structural member comprises the following specific steps:
selecting one or more combinations of a worker profile, an L profile and a groove profile according to the characteristics of building load bearing, selecting various combinations of a two-way connecting box, a three-way connecting box, a four-way connecting box and a six-way connecting box according to the characteristics of structures, and arranging holes matched with bolts for installation at corresponding positions of end points of the worker profile, the L profile and the groove profile;
selecting a linear connection mode of a bidirectional connection box on a vertical linear connection structural member, selecting an L-shaped connection mode of the bidirectional connection box on the vertical and horizontal intersected connection structural member, selecting one or two of an outer I-shaped connection lug, an outer L-shaped connection lug and an outer groove type connection lug on the bidirectional connection lug, inserting a corresponding section into the outer I-shaped connection lug, the outer L-shaped connection lug and the outer groove type connection lug, inserting the section into the inner L-shaped connection lug through the surface, fixing the section on a connection screw hole through a bolt, and connecting the two sections in a linear way and in a turning way;
selecting a cross connection mode of a four-way connection box on structural members connected in multiple directions in the vertical direction, selecting one or more of an outer I-shaped connection lug, an outer L-shaped connection lug and an outer groove-shaped connection lug on the four-way connection lug, inserting a corresponding profile into the outer connection lug, inserting the profile into the inner connection lug through the surface, fixing the profile on a connection screw hole through a bolt, and cross-connecting the four profiles;
selecting a double-T-shaped connection mode of a three-way connection box and a four-way connection box on structural members connected in a plurality of vertical and horizontal directions, arranging a central connection point of vertical and horizontal connection at the central position of the double-T-shaped connection mode of the three-way connection box and the four-way connection box, selecting one or more of an external I-shaped connection lug, an external L-shaped connection lug and an external groove-shaped connection lug on the external connection lug, inserting a corresponding section into the external connection lug, inserting the section into the internal L-shaped connection lug through the surface, fixing the section on a connection screw hole through a bolt, connecting three sections in a T shape and a Cartesian shape, and connecting four sections in a double-T shape;
and step five, reinforcing the middle position of the bearing structural member through a six-direction connecting box, connecting the six-direction connecting box with the profiles from six different directions, and fixing the profiles in the six-direction connecting box.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. one end of an I-shaped material is inserted into a connecting box on the construction bearing structure workpiece surface, an outer I-shaped connecting lug and the I-shaped material are fixed through three bolts, one end of an L-shaped material is inserted into the connecting box on the L-shaped surface, the outer L-shaped connecting lug and the L-shaped material are fixed through two bolts, one end of a groove-shaped material is inserted into the connecting box on the groove-shaped surface, and the outer groove-shaped connecting lug and the groove-shaped material are fixed through three bolts; the inner I-shaped groove, the inner L-shaped groove and the inner groove respectively limit the end positions of the corresponding sectional materials, so that the sectional materials are fixed in the connecting box and are connected end to end.
2. The bidirectional connecting box outputs the sectional materials through two surfaces, so that the sectional materials form shape conversion and direction extension and conversion in the bidirectional connecting box; the three-way connecting box and the four-way connecting box realize the change of the shape of the section and the change of the direction through the conversion of the connecting box, and the profits are intensively absorbed in the three-way connecting box and the four-way connecting box, and the stress is transferred to the ground through the section bar connected with the ground to bear the pressure from the upper end; the six-direction connecting box is a structure used for weighing the center of a structural part, absorbs and transmits downward pressure at the top, lateral tensile stress and compressive stress, and transmits the downward pressure and the lateral tensile stress to the vertical direction to offset the stress.
3. According to the invention, through the change of the connection mode of the weighing structural member, the weighing structural member for the building is convenient to install, the seamless connection of various sectional materials is realized, the high requirements of the traditional welding process on the quality and safety protection of workers are avoided, the structure can be disassembled and changed for multiple times, and the weighing structure is suitable for multiple purposes.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the I-shaped section bar connection in the invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the external front connection structure of the I-shaped section of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the outer side connection structure of the I-shaped section in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the external connection structure of the L-shaped material of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the external front connection structure of the channel section bar in the invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the external side surface of the channel section bar in the invention.
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the structure of an I-shaped adaptor according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the inner L-shaped lug of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the inner groove type lug structure of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the structure of the bidirectional connecting box of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view showing a three-way junction box of the present invention.
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a four-way junction box according to the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of a six-way junction box according to the present invention.
Reference numerals: the connection box comprises a connection box 1, an outer type connection lug 11, a connection screw hole 111, an outer type groove 12, an inner type connection lug 13, an inner type groove 14, an I-shaped surface 2, an outer I-shaped connection lug 21, an I-shaped connection screw hole 211, an outer I-shaped groove 22, an inner I-shaped connection lug 23, a first I-shaped connection 231, a second I-shaped connection 232, an inner I-shaped groove 24, an L-shaped surface 3, an outer L-shaped connection lug 31, an L-shaped connection screw hole 311, an outer L-shaped groove 32, an inner L-shaped connection lug 33, a first L-shaped connection 331, a second L-shaped connection 332, an inner L-shaped groove 34, a groove surface 4, an outer groove type connection lug 41, a groove type connection screw hole 411, an outer groove type groove 42, an inner groove type connection lug 43, a first groove type connection 431, a second groove type connection 432, an inner groove 44, a bidirectional connection box 5, a bidirectional connection lug 51, a three-way connection box 6, a three-way connection lug 61.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Real-time example 1
A building load-bearing structural member is shown in figures 1-14 and comprises a connecting box 1, an I-shaped surface 2, an L-shaped surface 3 and a groove surface 4; the connecting box 1 is a three-dimensional six-sided box body structure, the outer side of the connecting box 1 can be one or a combination of a worker-shaped surface 2, an L-shaped surface 3 and a groove-shaped surface 4, when the worker-shaped surface 2, the L-shaped surface 3 and the groove-shaped surface 4 are one, the connecting box 1 only realizes the connecting function, when the worker-shaped surface 2, the L-shaped surface 3 and the groove-shaped surface 4 are multiple, the connecting box 1 not only realizes the connecting function, but also realizes the mutual conversion function of the worker-shaped material, the L-shaped material and the groove-shaped material, the connecting box 1 is divided into a two-way connecting box 5, a three-way connecting box 6, a four-way connecting box 7 and a six-way connecting box 8, and when the two-way connecting box 5 is the worker-shaped surface 2; when one surface of the bidirectional connecting box 5 is an I-shaped surface 2 and the other surface is an L-shaped surface 3, the bidirectional connecting box 5 is connected with two I-shaped sections and the L-shaped section; when one surface of the bidirectional connecting box 5 is an I-shaped surface 2 and the other surface is a groove-shaped surface 4, the bidirectional connecting box 5 is connected with two I-shaped materials and two groove-shaped materials; when one side of the bidirectional connecting box 5 is the L-shaped surface 3 and the other side is the groove-shaped surface 4, the bidirectional connecting box 5 is connected with the two L-shaped materials and the groove-shaped materials. The two-way connecting box 5 comprises a straight line connecting mode and an L connecting mode, the straight line connecting mode is that the center lines of the surfaces where the two-way connecting lugs 51 are located are parallel and overlapped, the L connecting mode is that the center lines of the surfaces where the two-way connecting lugs 51 are located are perpendicular to each other, the straight line connecting mode is that the section bars are connected in a straight line through the two-way connecting lugs 51, and the L connecting mode is that the section bars are connected in a perpendicular mode through the two. The bidirectional connecting box 5 outputs the section bars through two surfaces, so that the section bars form shape conversion and direction extension and conversion in the bidirectional connecting box 5.
The central position on the outer side surface of the connecting box 1 is provided with an outer connecting lug 11, the outer connecting lug 11 is provided with a connecting screw hole 111, the inner side of the outer connecting lug 11 is provided with an outer groove 12 on a connecting surface, the outer groove 12 penetrates through the inner side of the connecting box 1 to be matched with an inner groove 14, the outer side of the inner groove 14 is provided with an inner connecting lug 13, the outer connecting lug 11 and the inner connecting lug 13 have the same shape and size, and the outer groove 12 and the inner groove 14 have the same shape and size; the I-shaped surface 2 is an I-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box 1, an outer I-shaped lug 21 is arranged on the outer side of the I-shaped surface 2 through welding, three I-shaped connecting screw holes 211 in an isosceles triangle shape are arranged on a vertical column of the outer I-shaped lug 21, two I-shaped connecting screw holes 211 close to the I-shaped surface 2 are arranged in the vertical direction, an outer I-shaped groove 22 is formed in the middle of the outer I-shaped lug 21, the outer I-shaped groove 22 penetrates through the I-shaped surface 2 and is aligned with an inner I-shaped groove 24, the outer side of the inner I-shaped groove 24 surrounds the inner I-shaped lug 23, the inner I-shaped lug 23 is aligned with the outer I-shaped lug 21, the inner I-shaped lug 23 extends to the middle position of the connecting box 1 from the inner side of the I-shaped surface 2, the inner I-shaped lug 23 and the outer I-shaped; the L-shaped surface 3 is an L-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box 1, an outer L-shaped connecting lug 31 is arranged on the outer side of the L-shaped surface 3 through welding, two L-shaped connecting screw holes 311 are respectively arranged on two vertical columns of the outer L-shaped connecting lug 31, an outer L-shaped groove 32 is arranged in the middle of the outer L-shaped connecting lug 31, the outer L-shaped groove 32 penetrates through the L-shaped surface 3 and is aligned with an inner L-shaped groove 34, the outer side of the inner L-shaped groove 34 surrounds the inner I-shaped connecting lug 33, the inner I-shaped connecting lug 33 is aligned with the outer L-shaped connecting lug 31, the inner I-shaped connecting lug 33 extends to the middle position of the connecting box 1 from the inner side of the L-shaped surface 3, the inner I-shaped connecting lug 33 and the outer L-shaped connecting lug 31 are steel plate structures, the wall thickness of which is larger than 5 mm; the groove profile 4 is a groove steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box 1, the outer side of the groove profile 4 is provided with an outer groove type connecting lug 41 through welding, the upright post of the outer groove type connecting lug 41 is provided with three groove type connecting screw holes 411 in an isosceles triangle shape, two groove type connecting screw holes 411 close to the groove profile 4 are arranged in the vertical direction, the middle of the outer groove type connecting lug 41 is an outer groove type groove 42, the outer groove type groove 42 penetrates through the groove profile 4 and is aligned with an inner groove type groove 44, the outer side of the inner groove type groove 44 surrounds the inner groove type connecting lug 43, the inner groove type connecting lug 43 is aligned with the outer groove type connecting lug 41, the inner groove type connecting lug 43 extends to the middle position of the connecting box 1 from the inner side of the groove profile 4, the inner groove type connecting lug 43 and the outer groove type connecting lug 41 are steel plate structures with the wall thickness larger than 5mm, and the size of the outer groove. The I-shaped surface 2 inserts one end of an I-shaped material into the connecting box 1, the outer I-shaped connecting lug 21 and the I-shaped material are fixed through three bolts, the L-shaped surface 3 inserts one end of an L-shaped material into the connecting box 1, the outer L-shaped connecting lug 31 and the L-shaped material are fixed through two bolts, the groove-shaped surface 4 inserts one end of a groove-shaped material into the connecting box 1, and the outer groove-shaped connecting lug 41 and the groove-shaped material are fixed through three bolts; the inner grooves 24, 34 and 44 limit the end positions of the respective profiles to a fixed position and end-to-end in the coupling box 1.
Preferably, the three-way junction box 6 has three junction surfaces, which are one of a i-shaped surface 2, an L-shaped surface 3 and a groove-shaped surface 4, one of the three junction surfaces is an i-shaped surface 2, the other two junction surfaces is an L-shaped surface 3, the other two junction surfaces is an L-shaped surface 4, the other two junction surfaces is a groove-shaped surface 4, the two junction surfaces are i-shaped surfaces 2, the other one junction surfaces is an L-shaped surface 3 or a groove-shaped surface 4, the three-way junction box 6 includes two ways of T-junction and cartesian coordinate junction, the T-junction is formed by connecting two of the center lines of the three-way junction lugs 61 with each other in parallel and overlapping, the center line of the other junction surface is perpendicular to the center lines, the T-junction connects the T-shaped section bars T-shaped by the three-way junction lugs 61, the cartesian junction is formed by connecting two of the center lines of the three-way junction lugs 61 with each, the cartesian connection connects the profiles adjacently by means of three-way lugs 61.
Preferably, the four connecting surfaces of the four-way connecting box 7 may be one of an i-shaped surface 2, an L-shaped surface 3 and a groove-shaped surface 4, or one of the i-shaped surface 2, the other three surfaces may be the L-shaped surface 3 or the groove-shaped surface 4 (all of the three surfaces may be the L-shaped surface or the groove-shaped surface 4, or one of the three surfaces may be the L-shaped surface 3, or one of the two surfaces may be the groove-shaped surface 4, or one of the three surfaces may be the L-shaped surface), or one of the three surfaces may be the i-shaped surface 2 or the groove-shaped surface 4 (all of the three surfaces may be the i-shaped surface 2, or the groove-shaped surface 4, or one of the three surfaces may be the i-shaped surface 2 or the L-shaped surface (all of the three surfaces may be the i-shaped surface or the L-shaped surface, or two of the three surfaces may be the i-shaped surface, or the L-; the four-way connecting box 7 comprises a cross connecting mode and a double-T-shaped connecting mode, the cross connecting mode is that the surface where the four-way connecting lug 71 is located is perpendicular to the adjacent surface and is parallel to the opposite surface, the cross connecting mode is that the four-way connecting lug 71 is used for perpendicularly connecting the profiles, the double-T-shaped connecting mode is that one surface of the plane where the four-way connecting lug 71 is located is perpendicular to the other three surfaces to form two T-shaped structures, and the double-T-shaped connecting mode is used for extending the profiles from one surface to the other surface through the four-way connecting lug 71. The three-way connecting box 6 and the four-way connecting box 7 realize the change of the shape of the section and the change of the direction through the conversion of the connecting box, and the profit is intensively absorbed in the three-way connecting box 6 and the four-way connecting box 7, and the stress received by the section bar connected with the ground is transferred to the ground, so that the pressure from the upper end is born.
Preferably, the six-way junction box 8 can be one of the I-shaped surface 2, the L-shaped surface 3 and the groove-shaped surface 4, or can be a combination of a plurality of types of surfaces such as the two-way junction box 5, the three-way junction box 6 and the four-way junction box 7, the six-way junction box 8 is formed by arranging six-way junction lugs 81 on the six surfaces of the box body, and the opposite six-way junction lugs 81 form coincident straight lines. The six-direction connecting box 8 is used for weighing the structure in the center of the structural part, and the six-direction connecting box 8 absorbs and transmits downward pressure at the top, lateral tensile stress and compressive stress to transmit the downward pressure and the lateral tensile stress to the vertical direction so as to offset the stress.
Preferably, no matter which of the two-way connecting box 5, the three-way connecting box 6, the four-way connecting box 7 and the six-way connecting box 8, the connecting surface of one side is necessarily the same as the structure of the basic bottom section bar, the weighing structural component is a structural component for bearing the up-and-down relation, the section bar selected by the lower support is one of the I-shaped section bar, the L-shaped section bar and the groove section bar, one side in the connecting box 1 corresponds to the modified section bar, and otherwise, the installation cannot be completed.
Preferably, the inner drum lug 23 is provided with a first drum connector 231 above the i-shape, the inner drum lug 23 is provided with a second drum connector 232 below the i-shape, and the first drum connector 231 and the second drum connector 232 are mounted on the inner wall of the connecting box 1 by welding one end.
Preferably, the inner L-shaped lug 33 is provided with a first L-shaped connection 331 on the extended line long side of the L-shaped straight line, the inner L-shaped lug 33 is provided with a second L-shaped connection 332 on the extended line short side of the L-shaped straight line, and one end of the first L-shaped connection 331 and one end of the second L-shaped connection 332 are welded on the inner wall of the connecting box 1.
Preferably, the inner groove type lugs 43 are respectively provided with a first groove type connection 431 and a second groove type connection 432 on the extension lines of the straight lines at two sides of the groove, and the end points of the first groove type connection 431 and the second groove type connection 432 are installed on the inner wall of the connecting box 1 by welding.
The method for assembling the building load-bearing structural member comprises the following specific steps:
selecting one or more combinations of the I-shaped surface 2, the L-shaped surface 3 and the groove-shaped surface 4 according to the load bearing characteristics of a building, selecting various combinations of the two-way connecting box 5, the three-way connecting box 6, the four-way connecting box 7 and the six-way connecting box according to the structural characteristics, and opening holes matched with bolts for installation at corresponding positions of end points of the I-shaped material, the L-shaped material and the groove-shaped material;
selecting a linear connection mode of the bidirectional connection box 5 on a vertical linear connection structural member, selecting an L-shaped connection mode of the bidirectional connection box 5 on a vertical and horizontal intersected connection structural member, selecting one or two of an external I-shaped connection lug 21, an external L-shaped connection lug 31 and an external groove-shaped connection lug 41 on a bidirectional connection lug 51, inserting a corresponding section bar into the external I-shaped connection lug 21, the external L-shaped connection lug 31 and the external groove-shaped connection lug 41, inserting the section bar into the internal connection lug 13 through the surface, fixing the section bar on a connection screw hole 111 through a bolt, and connecting the two section bars in a linear mode and in a turning mode;
thirdly, selecting a cross connection mode of a four-way connection box 7 on structural members connected in multiple directions in the vertical direction, selecting one or more of an outer I-shaped connecting lug 21, an outer L-shaped connecting lug 31 and an outer groove-shaped connecting lug 41 on the four-way connecting lug 71, inserting corresponding sectional materials into the outer connecting lug 11, inserting the sectional materials into the inner connecting lug 13 through the surface, fixing the sectional materials on a connection screw hole 111 through bolts, and cross-connecting the four sectional materials;
selecting a double-T-shaped connection mode of the three-way connection box 6 and the four-way connection box 7 on a structural member connected in a plurality of vertical and horizontal directions, arranging a central connection point of vertical and horizontal connection at the central position of the double-T-shaped connection mode of the three-way connection box 6 and the four-way connection box 7, selecting one or more of an external I-shaped connection lug 21, an external L-shaped connection lug 31 and an external groove type connection lug 41 on the external connection lug 11, inserting a corresponding section bar into the external connection lug 11, inserting the section bar onto the internal connection lug 13 through the surface, fixing the section bar on a connection screw hole 111 through a bolt, connecting the three section bars in a T shape and in a Cartesian shape, and connecting the four section bars in a double-T shape;
and step five, reinforcing the middle position of the bearing structural member through a six-way connecting box 8, connecting the six-way connecting box 8 with the profiles from six different directions, and fixing the profiles in the six-way connecting box 8.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (6)

1. A building load-bearing structural member is characterized by comprising a connecting box (1), an I-shaped surface (2), an L-shaped surface (3) and a groove-shaped surface (4); the connecting box (1) is of a three-dimensional six-face structure, one or more combinations of an I-shaped face (2), an L-shaped face (3) and a groove face (4) are arranged on the outer side of the connecting box (1), the connecting box (1) is divided into a two-way connecting box (5), a three-way connecting box (6), a four-way connecting box (7) and a six-way connecting box (8), an outer connecting lug (11) is arranged at the central position on the outer side face of the connecting box (1), a connecting screw hole (111) is arranged on the outer connecting lug (11), an outer groove (12) is arranged on the connecting face on the inner side of the outer connecting lug (11), the outer groove (12) penetrates through the inner side of the connecting box (1) to be matched with an inner groove (14), and an inner connecting lug (13) is;
wherein the I-shaped surface (2) is an I-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box (1), the outer side of the I-shaped surface (2) is provided with an outer I-shaped lug (21) by welding, the upright column of the outer I-shaped lug (21) is provided with three I-shaped connecting screw holes (211) in an isosceles triangle shape, two I-shaped connecting screw holes (211) close to the I-shaped surface (2) are arranged in the vertical direction, the middle of the outer I-shaped lug (21) is provided with an outer I-shaped groove (22), the outer I-shaped groove (22) passes through the I-shaped surface (2) and is aligned with an inner I-shaped groove (24), the outer side of the inner I-shaped groove (24) surrounds the inner I-shaped lug (23), the inner I-shaped lug (23) is aligned with the outer I-shaped lug (21), the inner I-shaped lug (23) extends to the middle position of the connecting box (1) from the inner side of the I-, the size of the external I-shaped groove (22) and the internal I-shaped groove (24) is 2-6mm larger than that of the part in contact with the I-shaped structural member;
the L-shaped surface (3) is an L-shaped steel structure and is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box (1), an outer L-shaped connecting lug (31) is welded and arranged on the outer side of the L-shaped surface (3), two L-shaped connecting screw holes (311) are formed in two columns of the outer L-shaped connecting lug (31), the L-shaped connecting screw holes (311) are arranged in the vertical direction, an outer L-shaped groove (32) is formed in the middle of the outer L-shaped connecting lug (31), the outer L-shaped groove (32) penetrates through the L-shaped surface (3) to be aligned with the inner L-shaped groove (34), the outer side of the inner L-shaped groove (34) surrounds the inner L-shaped connecting lug (33), the inner L-shaped connecting lug (33) is aligned with the outer L-shaped connecting lug (31), the inner L-shaped connecting lug (33) extends to the middle position of the connecting box (1) from the inner side of the L-shaped surface (3), the inner L-shaped connecting lug (33) and the outer L-shaped connecting lug (31) are steel plate structures with the thickness larger than that of the I;
wherein the groove profile (4) is a steel plate structure with the wall thickness of more than 5mm, the groove profile (4) is arranged on the connecting surface of the connecting box (1) through a groove steel structure, the outer side of the groove profile (4) is provided with an outer groove connecting lug (41) through welding, the upright column of the outer groove connecting lug (41) is provided with three groove connecting screw holes (411) in an isosceles triangle shape, two of the groove connecting screw holes (411) close to the groove profile (4) are arranged in the vertical direction, the middle of the outer groove connecting lug (41) is an outer groove type groove (42), the outer groove type groove (42) passes through the groove profile (4) to be aligned with the inner groove type groove (44), the outer side of the inner groove type groove (44) surrounds the inner groove connecting lug (43), the inner groove connecting lug (43) is aligned with the outer groove connecting lug (41), the inner groove connecting lug (43) extends to the middle position of the connecting box (1) from the inner side of the groove profile (4), and the inner groove, the size of the outer groove-shaped groove (42) and the size of the inner groove-shaped groove (44) are 2-6mm larger than the size of the part of the I-shaped structural member in contact with the I-shaped structural member;
the bidirectional connecting box (5) comprises a linear connection mode and an L connection mode, the linear connection mode is that the central lines of the surfaces where the bidirectional connecting lugs (51) are located are parallel and overlapped, the L connection mode is that the central lines of the surfaces where the bidirectional connecting lugs (51) are located are mutually vertical, the linear connection mode is that the profiles are linearly connected through the bidirectional connecting lugs (51), and the L connection mode is that the profiles are vertically connected through the bidirectional connecting lugs (51);
the three-way connecting box (6) comprises a T-shaped connecting mode and a Cartesian connecting mode, the T-shaped connecting mode is that two of the central lines of the surfaces where the three-way connecting lugs (61) are located are parallel and coincident with each other, the central line of the other surface is perpendicular to the three-way connecting lugs, the T-shaped connecting mode connects the profiles in a T shape through the three-way connecting lugs (61), the Cartesian connecting mode is that every two of the central lines of the surfaces where the three-way connecting lugs (61) are located are perpendicular to each other, the intersection point is located at the central position of the three-way connecting box (6), and the Cartesian connecting mode connects the profiles adjacently through the three;
the four-way connecting box (7) comprises a cross connecting mode and a double-T connecting mode, the cross connecting mode is that the surface where the four-way connecting lugs (71) are located is perpendicular to the adjacent surface and is parallel to the opposite surface, the cross connecting mode is that the sections are perpendicularly connected through the four-way connecting lugs (71), the double-T connecting mode is that one surface of the plane where the four-way connecting lugs (71) are located is perpendicular to the other three surfaces to form two T-shaped structures, and the double-T connecting mode is that the sections extend from one surface to the other surface through the four-way connecting lugs (71);
six-direction connecting lugs (81) are arranged on six surfaces of the box body of the six-direction connecting box (8), and the opposite six-direction connecting lugs (81) form overlapped straight lines.
2. The building load-bearing structural member according to claim 1, characterized in that said female i-shaped lug (23) is provided with a first i-shaped connection (231) above the i-shape, said female i-shaped lug (23) is provided with a second i-shaped connection (232) below the i-shape, said first i-shaped connection (231) and said second i-shaped connection (232) being mounted by welding one end to the inner wall of the connecting box (1).
3. A construction load-bearing structural member according to claim 1, wherein said inner L-shaped lug (33) is provided with a first L-shaped connection (331) at the extended line length of the L-shaped straight line, the inner L-shaped lug (33) is provided with a second L-shaped connection (332) at the extended line short side of the L-shaped straight line, and one end of the first L-shaped connection (331) and one end of the second L-shaped connection (332) are installed on the inner wall of the connection box (1) by welding.
4. A building load-bearing structural member according to claim 1, wherein the inner channel-type lugs (43) are provided with a first channel-type connection (431) and a second channel-type connection (432) respectively on the extension of the straight lines on both sides of the channel, and the end points of the first channel-type connection (431) and the second channel-type connection (432) are installed on the inner wall of the connecting box (1) by welding.
5. A building load bearing structural member as claimed in claim 1, wherein said outer lugs (11) and said inner lugs (13) are of the same shape and size, and the outer channels (12) and the inner channels (14) are of the same shape and size.
6. The method for assembling the building load-bearing structural member is characterized by comprising the following specific steps of:
selecting one or more combinations of an I-shaped surface (2), an L-shaped surface (3) and a groove-shaped surface (4), selecting various combinations of a two-way connecting box (5), a three-way connecting box (6), a four-way connecting box (7) and a six-way connecting box, and arranging holes matched with bolts for installation at corresponding positions of end points of the I-shaped connecting box, the L-shaped connecting box and the groove-shaped connecting box;
selecting a linear connection mode of a bidirectional connection box (5) on a vertical linear connection structural member, selecting an L-shaped connection mode of the bidirectional connection box (5) on a vertical and horizontal intersected connection structural member, selecting one or two of an outer I-shaped connection lug (21), an outer L-shaped connection lug (31) and an outer groove type connection lug (41) on a bidirectional connection lug (51), inserting a corresponding section bar into the outer I-shaped connection lug (21), the outer L-shaped connection lug (31) and the outer groove type connection lug (41), inserting the section bar into an inner type connection lug (13) through a surface, fixing the section bar on a connection screw hole (111) through a bolt, and linearly connecting and turning the two section bars;
selecting a cross connection mode of a four-way connection box (7) on structural members connected in multiple directions in the vertical direction, selecting one or more of an outer I-shaped connecting lug (21), an outer L-shaped connecting lug (31) and an outer groove-shaped connecting lug (41) on the four-way connecting lug (71), inserting a corresponding profile into the outer connecting lug (11), inserting the profile into the inner L-shaped connecting lug (13) through the surface, fixing the profile on a connection screw hole (111) through a bolt, and cross-connecting the four profiles;
selecting a double-T-shaped connection mode of a three-way connection box (6) and a four-way connection box (7) on a structural member connected in a plurality of vertical and horizontal directions, setting a central connection point of vertical and horizontal connection at the central position of the double-T-shaped connection mode of the three-way connection box (6) and the four-way connection box (7), selecting one or more of an outer I-shaped connection lug (21), an outer L-shaped connection lug (31) and an outer groove type connection lug (41) on an outer shape connection lug (11), inserting a corresponding section bar into the outer shape connection lug (11), inserting the section bar into an inner shape connection lug (13) through the surface, fixing the section bar on a connection screw hole (111) through a bolt, connecting the three section bars in a T shape and in a Cartesian L shape, and connecting the four section bars in a double-T shape;
and step five, reinforcing the middle position of the bearing structural member through a six-direction connecting box (8), connecting the six-direction connecting box (8) with the profiles from six different directions, and fixing the profiles in the six-direction connecting box (8).
CN201811588031.8A 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Building load-bearing structural member and assembling method thereof Active CN109653353B (en)

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CN110005078B (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-10-27 郑州航空工业管理学院 Novel assembly type building connecting joint

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2182204Y (en) * 1993-09-23 1994-11-09 钟明达 Double-rod connection apparatus
CN102561527A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-11 罗大威 Steel structure building beam or pillar node interface
CN203808263U (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-03 北京海东蓝涛洁净工程技术有限公司 Light steel structure connector
CN206888174U (en) * 2017-05-18 2018-01-16 河南天元网架股份有限公司 A kind of Modular assembled construction steel structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2182204Y (en) * 1993-09-23 1994-11-09 钟明达 Double-rod connection apparatus
CN102561527A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-11 罗大威 Steel structure building beam or pillar node interface
CN203808263U (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-03 北京海东蓝涛洁净工程技术有限公司 Light steel structure connector
CN206888174U (en) * 2017-05-18 2018-01-16 河南天元网架股份有限公司 A kind of Modular assembled construction steel structure

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