CN109652898A - A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric and preparation method and purposes - Google Patents

A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric and preparation method and purposes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109652898A
CN109652898A CN201910040088.2A CN201910040088A CN109652898A CN 109652898 A CN109652898 A CN 109652898A CN 201910040088 A CN201910040088 A CN 201910040088A CN 109652898 A CN109652898 A CN 109652898A
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China
Prior art keywords
yarn
conductive
fabric
layer
fiber
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CN201910040088.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵玉芬
赖垂林
汪海映
刘兆平
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宁波石墨烯创新中心有限公司
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Priority to CN201910040088.2A priority Critical patent/CN109652898A/en
Publication of CN109652898A publication Critical patent/CN109652898A/en

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D25/00Woven fabrics not otherwise provided for
    • D03D25/005Three-dimensional woven fabrics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D31/00Materials specially adapted for outerwear
    • A41D31/02Layered materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/36Cored or coated yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/44Yarns or threads characterised by the purpose for which they are designed
    • D02G3/441Yarns or threads with antistatic, conductive or radiation-shielding properties
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D1/00Woven fabrics designed to make specified articles
    • D03D1/0088Fabrics having an electronic function
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/40Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/47Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads multicomponent, e.g. blended yarns or threads
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/10Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/10Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor
    • H05B3/12Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor characterised by the composition or nature of the conductive material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D2700/00Woven fabrics; Methods of weaving; Looms
    • D03D2700/01Woven fabrics; General weaving methods
    • D03D2700/0166Fabrics with electric conductors
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/10Inorganic fibres based on non-oxides other than metals
    • D10B2101/12Carbon; Pitch
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/02Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/02Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins
    • D10B2321/022Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins polypropylene
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/04Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of halogenated hydrocarbons
    • D10B2321/041Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of halogenated hydrocarbons polyvinyl chloride or polyvinylidene chloride
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/06Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of unsaturated alcohols, e.g. polyvinyl alcohol, or of their acetals or ketals
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/08Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of unsaturated carboxylic acids or unsaturated organic esters, e.g. polyacrylic esters, polyvinyl acetate
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/10Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyurethanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/16Physical properties antistatic; conductive

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric and preparation methods and purposes; three-dimensional conductive fabric; it is from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, functional conductive layer and textile cover, is integrally formed between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and the binding of weft yarns or bundled yarn.Three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention has the designability of height, preparation process is simple, weaving efficiency is high, is suitble to industrialized production, the application field for expanding conductive fabric is with a wide range of applications in intelligent dress ornament, heat generating and retention, electronic sensor and electromagnetic shielding field.

Description

A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric and preparation method and purposes
Technical field
The present invention relates to textile fields, more particularly, to a kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric.
Background technique
Conductive fabric is as a kind of functional fabric, in antistatic, fever, electromagnetic shielding and the wearable textile of intelligence etc. Field has a wide range of applications, and traditional conductive fabric preparation method is with metallic conduction fiber such as copper wire, stainless steel wire, carbon fiber Dimension is that raw material is weaved.105256389 B of patent CN provides a kind of antistatic reversible cloth and its production method, by cotton fibre Dimension with stainless steel fibre is blended obtains cotton/stainless steel staple blended yarn;Stainless steel filament is prepared using match network core spinning mode Cotton/stainless steel monofilament covering yarn as heart yarn, cotton fiber as outer wrapping fiber;Use two stainless steel filaments as heart yarn, Cotton fiber is outer wrapping fiber, spins stainless steel fibre mariages fasciated yarn using Sirofil-spun technology;Use above-mentioned three kinds of yarns Line is weft yarn, and cotton/stainless steel filament covering yarn and pure cotton spun yarn are warp thread Woven fabric, finally obtains electric conductivity and radiation protection Fabric of good performance.But since these fiber stiffness are not big, pliable, with spinning difficulty is big, weaving performance is poor, fabric The disadvantages of Boardy Feeling, can have a significant impact hence for wearing comfort.Subsequent people pass through to fiber or fabric surface progress Metal plating improves the electric conductivity of material, but the preparation method, there are complex process, metal is easily oxidized corrosion and loses Effect, it is not strong in fiber surface adhesiveness, the disadvantages of high production cost.It is led for example, patent CN1715473B discloses a kind of flexibility Electric fabric and its manufacturing method, compliant conductive fabric feature are as follows: the base fabric of the compliant conductive fabric is fine by the metal of 35-45% The cotton fiber of peacekeeping 55-65% is formed by weaving, and the metal alloy coating of appearance is divided into bottom and two levels of outer layer.It is high in base fabric The cotton fiber of content is the bite force in order to improve metal layer and fabric, increases the flexibility of fabric, convenient for being made as ready-made clothes or object Part outer cover etc. uses product;Fabric improves the effective thickness of compliant conductive fabric using honeycomb structure, can effectively shield magnetic ?;But the binding force of the coat of metal and fiber or fabric surface is poor, is easy to fall off.
New Type of Carbon system conductive material (such as graphene, carbon nanotube, carbon black) becomes because of its excellent conduction, heating conduction The application hot spot of conductive fabric, preparation method are mainly for example common with the two-dimensional fabric of fiber, yarn or some single layers at present Woven, knitting, supatex fabric are that substrate loads New Type of Carbon system conductive material on it, assign fabric electric conductivity, this side Method prepares simple process and low cost, has broad application prospects.105088749 A of patent CN discloses one kind and passes through leaching Stain-drying method covers graphene oxide on cotton-textile fibres surface, then will be aoxidized by the method that in-situ chemical restores Graphene reduction becomes graphene, so that cotton fabric be made to have good conductive property.The fabric that this method obtains has fine Electric conductivity, but fabric color is deeper, limits its application field.105764169 A of patent CN also discloses a kind of graphene 1) preparation method and application of electric heating cloth includes the following steps: graphene and nano-macromolecule material, far infrared inorganic nano Powder mixing, obtains graphene-based compound;2) graphene complex is dispersed in resin solution, it is modified remote obtains graphene Infrared electrocondution slurry;3) by the mode of electrocondution slurry tie dyeing, wire mark or coating, by the modified far infrared electrocondution slurry of graphene with Matrix is combined together, and graphene electric heating cloth is prepared;Uniformly, heating efficiency is high for prepared electrothermal cloth fever, and Decay in use process less, working life is longer;Prepared graphene electric heating cloth can be in electric heating daily necessity, electric heating It is applied on heating installation, radiation infrared physical therapy equipment and electric heating breeding device.108189518 A of patent CN discloses a kind of stone Black alkene electromagnetic shield cloth and its manufacturing method, the electromagnetic shield cloth from bottom to top successively include preventing puncturing layer, base cloth layer, copper oxide Layer, layers of copper, the first adhesive film, the first graphene composite material layer of cloth, the second adhesive film and the second graphene composite material cloth Layer, base cloth layer is blended cloth, and the first adhesive film and the second adhesive film include graphene powder, the first graphene composite material cloth The resistance value of layer is greater than the resistance value of the second graphene composite material layer of cloth, and the resistance value of the first adhesive film is greater than second glue The resistance value of film layer, the resistance value of the first graphene composite material layer of cloth and the resistance value of the first adhesive film are essentially identical, and second The resistance value of graphene composite material layer of cloth and the resistance value of the second adhesive film are essentially identical, and layers of copper passes through surface sand-blasting process, Its surface roughness is greater than Ra0.05.But it is equal using the yarn of carbon series conductive modified paint or fabric color in above-mentioned patent For compared with colors such as Dark grey or black, the yarn or fabric later period dyeability of these colors are generally poor, to influence its beauty Property;Furthermore when two-dimensional fabric is substrate, extraneous factor causes fabric surface conductive coating fastness poor in use process, conductive The service life of fabric is limited, and two-dimension single layer conductive fabric is used for adstante febre, and heat loss is than comparatively fast, causing warmth retention property Can it is poor, energy consumption increase, and be applied to electromagnetic shielding when, the single layer structure of two-dimensional fabric cannot effectively absorb and dissipative electromagnetic Wave influences its electromagnet shield effect.In addition, existing conductive articles are to reach insulation, heat preservation and to conductive material when in use Protection, be to be realized using multilayered structure is compound, in this way first is that the compound adhesive property between layers of multilayer material It is poor, it is easy layering, influences service life;Second is that unavoidably will use adhesive together to be combined to multilayer material Deng phenomena such as being easy to produce under high temperature fusing, aging oxidation, cracking, blistering, sparking, influencing properties of product.Such as A kind of compliant conductive fabric with fire-retardant hydrophobic effect of CN107718814A, be from top to bottom followed successively by fire-retardant hydrophobic fabric layer, Compliant conductive tissue layer and comfortable ventilating tissue layer, above-mentioned three layers are bonded together, and compliant conductive fabric is by least one strip Compliant conductive fabric constitute.It has used adhesive to carry out in the patent compound, drawbacks described above can be generated.
Summary of the invention
To solve the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabrics, avoid adhesive Use, fabric flexibility is good, is not easy to be layered.Have in intelligent dress ornament, heat generating and retention, electronic sensor and electromagnetic shielding field Broad application prospect.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric.This method preparation process is simple, Weaving efficiency is high, is suitble to industrialized production.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric is from top to bottom followed successively by appearance layer, functional conductive layer and fabric protection Layer, it is integrally formed between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and the binding of weft yarns or bundled yarn.
Three-dimensional conductive fabric of the present invention can be directly realized by the intertexture forming of multilayer yarn on loom, and the later period uses It is not required to cut the laying with multilayer two-dimension fabric again, compared to the two-dimensional fabric with fiber distribution in only face, thickness direction On also have a fiber distribution, fabric has good spatial networks overall effect.
The structure of the three-dimensional structure conductive fabric is that three-dimensional angle layer by layer interlocks woven fabric, 3-dimensional multi-layered angle interlocks woven fabric Or three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric.
The three-dimensional structure conductive fabric shute ratio warp thread is one layer more, and the warp thread number of plies is at least 3 layers, and Weft layers are at least It is 4 layers.
The appearance layer is to constitute fabric by one or more layers warp thread and one or more layers weft yarn.
The functional conductive layer is that fabric is made of weft yarn and warp thread, and the number of plies is adjusted according to using needs.
The textile cover is made of one or more layers warp thread and one or more layers weft yarn.
The attachment warp and weft yarns are that fabric passes through warp systems in thickness direction with certain buckling angle changing Binding in the weft systems of arrangement normal thereto is routed to weave.
The bundled yarn connection is that warp systems and weft systems are connected by the bundled yarn binding for passing through thickness direction.
The functional conductive layer is the fiber or yarn of carbon series conductive material modification.
Preferably, the carbon series conductive material is one of graphene, graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black or a variety of Above is compound.Further preferably, carbon series conductive material be graphene and one of graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black or It is compound more than a variety of.20-99 part of the total conductive material solid content of graphene Zhan in the carbon series conductive material, graphite, carbon 1-80 part of one of nanotube, conductive carbon black or a variety of above total conductive material solid contents of compound Zhan.It is preferred that the carbon It is 50-99 part of the total conductive material solid content of graphene Zhan in conductive material, graphite, carbon nanotube, one in conductive carbon black 1-50 part of kind or a variety of above total conductive material solid contents of compound Zhan.The graphene and other conductive materials are compound, energy The dosage for enough reducing graphene improves dispersion of the graphene in conductive slurries, can also assist having superior electrical conductivity energy Graphene establishes perfect conductive network.Therefore, the composite conducting material selected by the present invention has excellent electric conductivity, reduces Internal resistance, improves the service life of functional conductive layer and quality is stablized.
Preferably, carbon series conductive material is total to by the method for the fiber of the carbon series conductive material modification or yarn with polymer Blended ratio or using dipping by the way of in fiber surface carbon coating system conductive material.The polymer is polyester, polypropylene, polyene Hydrocarbon, polyamide or polyvinyl chloride.
Preferably, the fibre section of the carbon series conductive material and polymer co-blended spinning is skin-core structure, parallel construction Or island type structure.
Preferably, described to be applied fiber impregnation for 1-5 times to get surface in carbon series conductive material paste using impregnation method Cover the functional conductive layer of carbon series conductive coating.
The aqueous lotion of graphene is diluted in the mixed solution of water and ethyl alcohol by the preparation of the carbon series conductive material paste Be sanded and dispersed using sand mill, then one of be separately added into conductive carbon material graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black or it is a variety of after It is continuous that dispersion is sanded, film forming agent is then added and is ultrasonically treated, carbon series conductive slurry is obtained.
The film forming agent is waterborne polyester, in aqueous polyurethane, watersoluble polyvinyl alcohol, water-base epoxy, water soluble acrylic acid At least one.Film forming agent main function of the present invention is exactly so that graphene is formed a film in fiber surface, and have certain fastness.Institute State the 1-80% that film forming agent dosage accounts for slurry total solid content.
The aqueous lotion of graphene is any one of city's mid-sales, and the graphene content of the aqueous lotion of graphene is 1-8%.
A kind of preparation method of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric of the present invention, the three-dimensional interlocking of angle layer by layer and multilayer angle Interlock woven fabric weaving step includes:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving And be fixed on and take on yarn device, as one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn, middle layer warp above and below fabric Yarn is conductive yarn, and consecutive warp column respectively penetrate in first page heald frame and second page heald frame;
(2) it weaves, controls the orderly lifting of the heald frames of page first and second, introduce weft yarn in multilayer Warp opening position, together Sample, the control warp thread arrangement of fabric upper and lower level make weft yarn arrange in a thickness direction successively to introduce according to desired function, such as fabric One or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn up and down, and middle wefts are conductive yarn;Then pass through steel Multilayer weft yarn is pushed into fell simultaneously by reed, complete a warp thread and weft yarn layer by layer or multilayer interlock, so that fabric is formed one A whole three-dimensional structure;Repeat the orderly lifting of heald frame, the weaving of wefting insertion, beating process completion fabric.
A kind of preparation method of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric of the present invention, the three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric weaving step Include:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving And be fixed on and take on yarn device, as one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn, middle layer warp above and below fabric Yarn is conductive yarn;All longitude yarn rows penetrate in one page heald frame;Bundled yarn is made of upper layer and lower layer, under hanging 1 in yarn sequence 1,1 Column warp thread corresponds to 1 bundled yarn, is then attached to and takes on yarn device;
(2) it weaves, multilayer parallel warp thread is open simultaneously and introduces weft yarn, and is alternately passed through and is knitted by upper layer and lower layer bundled yarn The binding to warp thread and weft yarn can be completed in object whole thickness direction;Equally, the arrangement of fabric upper and lower level control warp thread is according to required Functionality makes weft yarn, and successively arrangement introduces in a thickness direction, intermediate if one or more layers is required colour system yarn above and below fabric Layer weft yarn is conductive yarn, and multilayer weft yarn is then pushed into fell simultaneously by reed, completes primary whole binding and interweaves, repeats Warp opening, wefting insertion, alternating movement bundled yarn, beating process complete the weaving of integral fabric.
The present invention provides the applications of above-mentioned three-dimensional structure conductive fabric.
One embodiment of the present invention, the three-dimensional conductive fabric are applied to the electrical heating elements of heating system.
A kind of electrical heating elements of heating system, including three-dimensional conductive fabric are from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, function Can conductive layer and textile cover, pass through attachment warp and weft yarns between above-mentioned three layers or bundled yarn binding be integrally formed At.
The appearance layer can according to need selection colored yarns and carry out pattern weaving.
Preferably, the appearance layer yarn is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber One or more of combination.
Preferably, above-mentioned appearance layer yarn is modified yarn, and the modified yarn have it is thermally conductive with antibacterial, it is fire-retardant, The effect of one or both of insulation and combination of the above;Be conducive to heat through appearance layer buckling warp thread system with thermally conductive effect It unites and is transmitted to outer fabric layer.
The modified yarn is can be in any yarn that market is easy to get.
The yarn or be total to by carbon series conductive material with polymer that the functional conductive layer is coated by carbon series conductive material surface It is mixed that the yarn of surface carbon coating system conductive material forms again after melt spinning.It is preferred that functional conductive layer is by carbon series conductive material The yarn composition of the surface carbon coating system conductive material again after melt spinning is blended with polymer.The functional conductive layer is knitted in fabric When making, conductive warp yarn is arranged in middle layer in advance, the weft yarn to interweave when then weaving with middle layer warp thread also uses conductive yam Line, to form continuous conductive network in the intermediate of entire fabric.
The textile cover yarn preferably has hollow structure material, including but not limited to terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, ammonia The combination of one or more of synthetic fibre.Protective layer not only has heat-insulated effect, also has insulation effect, can effectively prevent heat The loss of amount reduces heating loss.
Further preferably, the textile cover is blended using above-mentioned fiber and its identical meldable fibre of structure, is such as protected The first layer or multilayer warp thread and weft yarn of sheath can be using fiber described above and its identical meldable fibre interval rows of structure Column weaving makes protective layer form even closer structure, avoids the loss of heat by later period hot pressing, reduces fever energy consumption.
One embodiment of the present invention, the three-dimensional conductive fabric are applied to the fabric of heating clothes.
A kind of heating clothes fabric, including three-dimensional conductive fabric are from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, functional conductive layer And textile cover, it is bundled between above-mentioned three layers and is made of one piece by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn.
The appearance layer can according to need selection colored yarns and carry out pattern weaving.
Preferably, the appearance layer yarn is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, rubber with hollow structure The combination of one or more of glue fiber, viscose fiber.
Preferably, the appearance layer is located on the outside of clothes, and above-mentioned appearance layer yarn is modified yarn, the modified yarn Line has effects that one or more kinds of combinations in insulation and fire-retardant, insulation.The effect of insulation, can be to avoid heat to outflow It loses, effectively improves utilization of the human body to fabric heat.The modified yarn is can be in any yarn that market is easy to get.
The appearance layer of fabric of the present invention is also insulating layer, can effectively prevent the loss of heat, reduces heating loss.
Protective layer yarn of the present invention is one or more of cotton fiber, flaxen fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex Combination.
Preferably, above-mentioned protective layer yarn is modified yarn, and modified yarn has thermally conductive and antibacterial, fire-retardant, exhausted The effect of one or more of edge combines, thermally conductive effect are conducive to heat through protective layer buckling warp thread to inner textile layer Transmitting guarantees that fabric can quickly reach the temperature of needed by human body.The modified yarn is that can be easy to get in market Any yarn.
Preferably, the heating clothes three dimensional fabric is weaved using high-count yarn, and the flexibility of fabric can be improved And snugness of fit.
Three-dimensional conductive fabric described in an embodiment of the invention is applied to electromagnetic shielding clothing fabric.
A kind of electromagnetic shielding clothing fabric, including three-dimensional conductive fabric, be from top to bottom be followed successively by appearance layer, function is led Electric layer and textile cover are bundled between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn and are made of one piece.
The appearance layer can according to need selection colored yarns and carry out pattern weaving.
Preferably, the appearance layer yarn is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber One or more of with wave transparent fiber hybrid weave.For the comfort for improving fabric, the wave transparent fiber consumption is 10- 50%.
The wave transparent fiber is that quartz fibre, glass fibre and aramid fiber are one or more kinds of.
The present invention utilizes the wave transparent performance of wave transparent fiber, makes entrance fabric of the electromagnetic wave compared with limits, reduces electromagnetism Then again pollution of the wave to ambient enviroment using internal multilayer there is the resistance loss for inhaling wave energy fiber to convert electromagnetic wave Fall at other energy losses, the electromagnetic wave secondly by the three-dimensional structure fabric of thickness direction tool is further through multipath reflection It loses, compared to the transmissivity that electromagnetic wave can be effectively reduced in single layer two-dimensional fabric, improves the shield effectiveness of fabric.
The functional conductive layer is made of the yarn of carbon series conductive material modification.
Preferably, yarn natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, the rubber through carbon series conductive material modification One or more of fiber, viscose fiber are blended with meldable fibre.What the present invention selected mixes after carbon series conductive material modification Yarns, which have, inhales wave energy.After finishing the weaving using blended yarns, hot-pressing processing is carried out to fabric, makes filling yarn lap-joint It can establish stable welding structure, promote the conductive network for forming intercommunication between the yarn of carbon series conductive material modification, simultaneously Fiber or the carbon series conductive material of yam surface can also be promoted to assemble crosslinking, to realize that electro-magnetic screen layer fabric is comprehensively conductive The formation of network.
The protective layer yarn is the group of one or more of cotton fiber, flaxen fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex It closes.
Preferably, the protective layer yarn is modified yarn, has antibacterial or fire-retardant effect;The modified yarn is It can be in any yarn that market is easy to get.
Beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention has a designability of height, and preparation process is simple, weaving efficiency High, suitable industrialized production, expands the application field of conductive fabric, in intelligent dress ornament, heat generating and retention, electronic sensor and electricity Magnetic screen field is with a wide range of applications.
(2) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention uses multi-layer structure design, and functional conductive layer yarn is coated on and is knitted The inside of object, avoids that conductive fiber is exposed, and in post-processing or use process, the conductive material of conductive fiber surfaces is not easy to take off It falls, can achieve efficiently permanent conductive effect;Secondly, the three-dimensional structure conductive fabric as electric heating in application, heat preservation Excellent effect, low energy consumption;As electromagnetic shielding in application, the hole that is made of the stereo fabric in thickness direction and inhaling wave more Layer structure is obvious to the absorption of electromagnetic wave and dissipation effect.
(3) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention improves carbon series conductive fiber or fabric by the way of environmentally protective Limited disadvantage is used since the color is too dark, can according to need carry out fabric surface decorative pattern and color design completely, thus Make up weakness of the carbon series conductive material in intelligence and function textile exploitation.
(4) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention is a kind of overall structure fabric of interlocking of angle layer by layer, between layers Be attached without adhesive, avoid fusing at a high temperature of multilayer conductive fabric is occurred when using adhesive, aging oxidation, Phenomena such as cracking, blistering, sparking, fabric flexibility is good, is not easy to be layered.
(5) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the invention not only can satisfy modern conduction and knit compared with existing two-dimensional fabric Object light soft, requirement comfortable and easy to wear, and the structural strength of three dimensional fabric is excellent, wind and water preventing performance is better than common two dimension Fabric;The exploitation of three-dimension flexible conductive fabric develops and establishes to the direction of lightweight, low cost, flexibility for conductive fabric Basis.Three-dimensional structure conductive fabric finds this hair compared with two-dimensional fabric is in heat diffusion and electromagnetic shielding through the invention Bright three-dimensional structure conductive fabric can effectively prevent the loss of heat, reduce heating loss, be conducive to functional conductive layer heat and pass through Protective layer buckling warp thread is transmitted to inner textile layer, guarantees that fabric can quickly reach temperature (such as Fig. 3 a, 3b of needed by human body It is shown).Electromagnetic wave is converted to other energy losses using the resistance loss of internal wave-absorption fibre and fallen by three-dimensional structure conductive fabric, Secondly by thickness direction there is the electromagnetic wave of three-dimensional structure fabric further to lose through multipath reflection, reduces electromagnetic wave Transmissivity, improve the shield effectiveness of fabric, (as shown in Fig. 4 a, 4b).
(6) three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the present invention as electromagnetic shielding in application, three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the present invention Electromagnetic wave is converted to other energy losses using the resistance loss of internal wave-absorption fibre to fall, secondly by three dimensional fabric thickness side To the pore structure of the more suction wave layer structures and fabric that have, electromagnetic wave can be absorbed by force as far as possible, while electromagnetism Wave can also further lose through multipath reflection, reduce the transmissivity of electromagnetic wave, improve the shield effectiveness of fabric.The two dimension of single layer Conductive fabric lacks the effect of hole multipath reflection, and the absorption of electromagnetic wave and dissipation effect are markedly less than to be knitted than three-dimensional structure conduction Object.(as shown in Fig. 4 a, 4b).
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of fabric construction schematic diagram of embodiment of three-dimensional conductive fabric of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is ordinary two dimensional conductive fabric structural schematic diagram.
Thermal diffusion schematic diagram when Fig. 3 is electric heating, wherein (a) is three-dimensional conductive fabric thermal diffusion schematic diagram of the present invention, It (b) is common conductive two-dimensional fabric thermal diffusion schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the shield effectiveness schematic diagram of electromagnetic shielding, wherein (a) is when three-dimensional conductive fabric of the present invention is electromagnetically shielded Shield effectiveness schematic diagram;(b) shield effectiveness schematic diagram when being electromagnetically shielded for two-dimentional conductive fabric.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in the embodiment of the present invention Technical solution is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiments are some of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than complete The embodiment in portion.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creative efforts Every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.Unless otherwise explicitly stated, otherwise entire In specification and claims, the term " include " or its transformations will be understood as be include institute The element or component of statement, and do not exclude other elements or other components.
Embodiment 1
Shown in Fig. 1, a kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric is from top to bottom followed successively by appearance layer 1, functional conductive layer 2 With textile cover 3, is bundled between above-mentioned three layers and be made of one piece by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn.It is described Appearance layer 1 is to constitute fabric by one or more layers warp thread and one or more layers weft yarn.The functional conductive layer 2 is by weft yarn and warp Yarn constitutes fabric, and the number of plies is adjusted according to using needs.The textile cover 3 be by one or more layers warp thread and one layer or What multilayer weft yarn was constituted.
Above-mentioned three layers are routed to arrangement normal thereto in thickness direction by warp systems with certain buckling angle changing Binding weaving is integrally formed or is bundled by warp systems and weft systems by the bundled yarn for passing through thickness direction in weft systems It is integrally connected molding.
The functional conductive layer 2 is the fiber or yarn of carbon series conductive material modification.The carbon series conductive material is graphite Alkene and one of graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black are a variety of above compound.
The method of the fiber of the carbon series conductive material modification or yarn by carbon series conductive material and polymer co-blended spinning, The polymer is one or more of in polyester, polypropylene, polyolefin, polyamide or polyvinyl chloride.The carbon series conductive material Fibre section with polymer co-blended spinning is skin-core structure, parallel construction or island type structure.
The method of the fiber of another carbon series conductive material modification or yarn by by the way of dipping in fiber Surface carbon coating system conductive material.The use impregnation method is by fiber impregnation to get surface in carbon series conductive material solution The functional conductive layer of carbon coating system conductive coating.The dipping time is 1-5 times.The preparation of the carbon series conductive material paste, The aqueous lotion of graphene is diluted in the mixed solution of water and ethyl alcohol, dispersion is sanded using sand mill, then is separately added into conductive carbon One of material graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black or a variety of sand millings that continue disperse, and film forming agent is then added and carries out at ultrasound Reason, obtains carbon series conductive slurry.The film forming agent be waterborne polyester, aqueous polyurethane, watersoluble polyvinyl alcohol, water-base epoxy, At least one of water soluble acrylic acid.The aqueous lotion of graphene is any one of city's mid-sales, the aqueous cream of graphene The graphene content of body is 1-8%.Graphene dosage is the 50-99% of total conductive carbon material.Film forming agent dosage accounts for electrocondution slurry The 1-80% of total solid content.
The structure of the three-dimensional structure conductive fabric is that three-dimensional angle layer by layer interlocks woven fabric, 3-dimensional multi-layered angle interlocks woven fabric Or three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric.
The three-dimensional interlocking of angle layer by layer and multilayer Angular interlocking structure woven fabric weaving step include:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving And be fixed on and take on yarn device, as one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn, middle layer warp above and below fabric Yarn is conductive yarn, and consecutive warp column respectively penetrate in first page heald frame and second page heald frame;
(2) it weaves, controls the orderly lifting of the heald frames of page first and second, introduce weft yarn in multilayer Warp opening position, together Sample, the control warp thread arrangement of fabric upper and lower level make weft yarn arrange in a thickness direction successively to introduce according to desired function, such as fabric One or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn up and down, and middle wefts are conductive yarn;Then pass through steel Multilayer weft yarn is pushed into fell simultaneously by reed, complete a warp thread and weft yarn layer by layer or multilayer interlock, so that fabric is formed one A whole three-dimensional structure;Repeat the orderly lifting of heald frame, the weaving of wefting insertion, beating process completion fabric.
The three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric weaving step includes:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving And be fixed on and take on yarn device, as one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn, middle layer warp above and below fabric Yarn is conductive yarn;All longitude yarn rows penetrate in one page heald frame;Bundled yarn is made of upper layer and lower layer, under hanging 1 in yarn sequence 1,1 Column warp thread corresponds to 1 bundled yarn, is then attached to and takes on yarn device;
(2) it weaves, multilayer parallel warp thread is open simultaneously and introduces weft yarn, and is alternately passed through and is knitted by upper layer and lower layer bundled yarn The binding to warp thread and weft yarn can be completed in object whole thickness direction;Equally, the arrangement of fabric upper and lower level control warp thread is according to required Functionality makes weft yarn, and successively arrangement introduces in a thickness direction, intermediate if one or more layers is required colour system yarn above and below fabric Layer weft yarn is conductive yarn, and multilayer weft yarn is then pushed into fell simultaneously by reed, completes primary whole binding and interweaves, repeats Warp opening, wefting insertion, alternating movement bundled yarn, beating process complete the weaving of integral fabric.
Embodiment 2
A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric is from top to bottom followed successively by appearance layer 1, functional conductive layer 2 and fabric and protects Sheath 3 is bundled between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn and is made of one piece.The appearance layer 1 It is that fabric is constituted by multilayer warp thread and multilayer weft yarn.The functional conductive layer 2 is that fabric is made of weft yarn and warp thread, the number of plies according to It is adjusted using needs.The textile cover 3 is made of multilayer warp thread and multilayer weft yarn.
Above-mentioned three layers are routed to arrangement normal thereto in thickness direction by warp systems with certain buckling angle changing Binding weaving is integrally formed or is bundled by warp systems and weft systems by the bundled yarn for passing through thickness direction in weft systems It is integrally connected molding.
The functional conductive layer 2 is the fiber or yarn of carbon series conductive material modification.The carbon series conductive material is graphite Alkene is compound with graphite.
Carbon series conductive material is blended with polymer polyester for the fiber of the carbon series conductive material modification or the method for yarn The fibre section of spinning, the carbon series conductive material and polymer co-blended spinning is skin-core structure.
Or by fiber impregnation in carbon series conductive material paste to get the functional conductive of surface carbon coating system conductive coating Layer.The dipping time is 4 times.The aqueous lotion of graphene is diluted in 50% second by the preparation of the carbon series conductive material paste Dispersion is sanded using sand mill in alcoholic solution, then is separately added into conductive carbon material graphite and continues that dispersion is sanded, is then added 50% Film forming agent aqueous polyurethane be ultrasonically treated, obtain carbon series conductive slurry, the graphene of the aqueous lotion of graphene contains Amount is 5%, and the content of conductive compositions is 2.5% in electrocondution slurry, and wherein the usage ratio of conductive compositions graphene and graphite is 9:1。
The structure of the three-dimensional structure conductive fabric is that three-dimensional angle layer by layer interlocks woven fabric, is knitted according to the method for embodiment 1 It makes.
Embodiment 3
A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric is from top to bottom followed successively by appearance layer 1, functional conductive layer 2 and fabric and protects Sheath 3 is bundled between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn and is made of one piece.The appearance layer 1 It is that fabric is constituted by multilayer warp thread and multilayer weft yarn.The functional conductive layer 2 is that fabric is made of weft yarn and warp thread, the number of plies according to It is adjusted using needs.The textile cover 3 is made of multilayer warp thread and multilayer weft yarn.
Above-mentioned three layers are routed to arrangement normal thereto in thickness direction by warp systems with certain buckling angle changing Binding weaving is integrally formed or is bundled by warp systems and weft systems by the bundled yarn for passing through thickness direction in weft systems It is integrally connected molding.
The functional conductive layer 2 is the fiber or yarn of carbon series conductive material modification.The carbon series conductive material is graphite Alkene and carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black are compound.
The method of the fiber of the carbon series conductive material modification or yarn is by carbon series conductive material and polymer polyester, poly- third The fibre section of alkene co-blended spinning, the carbon series conductive material and polymer co-blended spinning is parallel construction.
The method of the fiber of another carbon series conductive material modification or yarn by by the way of dipping in fiber Surface carbon coating system conductive material.The use impregnation method is by fiber impregnation to get surface in carbon series conductive material paste The functional conductive layer of carbon coating system conductive coating.The dipping time is 2 times.The preparation of the carbon series conductive material paste, will The aqueous lotion of graphene, which is diluted in 70% ethanol solution, is sanded dispersion using sand mill, then is separately added into conductive carbon material carbon and receives Mitron, conductive carbon black continue that dispersion is sanded, and then the film forming agent water-base epoxy of addition 30% is ultrasonically treated, and obtain carbon system and lead Plasma-based material.The aqueous lotion of graphene is any one of city's mid-sales, and the graphene content of the aqueous lotion of graphene is 8%, the content of conductive compositions is 4.2% in electrocondution slurry, wherein conductive compositions graphene, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black dosage Ratio is 7:2:1.
The structure of the three-dimensional structure conductive fabric is that 3-dimensional multi-layered angle interlocks woven fabric, is weaved according to 1 method of embodiment.
Embodiment 4
A kind of electrical heating elements of heating system, including three-dimensional conductive fabric are from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, function Can conductive layer and textile cover, pass through attachment warp and weft yarns between above-mentioned three layers or bundled yarn binding be integrally formed At.
The appearance layer can according to need selection colored yarns and carry out pattern weaving.
Preferably, the appearance layer yarn is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber One or more of combination;
Preferably, above-mentioned appearance layer yarn is modified yarn, and the modified yarn have it is thermally conductive with antibacterial, it is fire-retardant, The effect of one or both of insulation and combination of the above;Be conducive to heat through appearance layer buckling warp thread system with thermally conductive effect It unites and is transmitted to outer fabric layer.
The modified yarn is can be in any yarn that market is easy to get;
The yarn or be total to by carbon series conductive material with polymer that the functional conductive layer is coated by carbon series conductive material surface It is mixed that the yarn of surface carbon coating system conductive material forms again after melt spinning.In fabric knitting, conductive warp yarn is arranged in advance It is distributed in middle layer, the weft yarn to interweave when then weaving with middle layer warp thread also uses conductive yarn, thus in entire fabric Between form continuous conductive network.
The textile cover is blended using fiber described above and its identical meldable fibre of structure, and such as the of protective layer One or more layers warp thread and weft yarn can be alternatively arranged weaving using fiber described above and its identical meldable fibre of structure, lead to Later phase hot pressing makes protective layer form even closer structure, avoids the loss of heat, reduces fever energy consumption.
Embodiment 5
A kind of heating clothes fabric, including three-dimensional conductive fabric are from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, functional conductive layer And textile cover, it is bundled between above-mentioned three layers and is made of one piece by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn.
The appearance layer is located on the outside of clothes, selects colored yarns to carry out pattern weaving as needed, and appearance layer yarn is Modified yarn has effects that one or more kinds of combinations in insulation and fire-retardant, insulation;The effect of insulation, can be to avoid heat Amount is lost outward, effectively improves utilization of the human body to fabric heat;The modified yarn is that can appoint what market was easy to get Meaning yarn;At this point, the appearance layer of fabric is also insulating layer, the loss of heat can be effectively prevented, reduces heating loss.
The protective layer fiber is modified yarn, and modified yarn have thermally conductive and antibacterial, it is fire-retardant, in insulation one The effect of kind or two or more combinations, thermally conductive effect are conducive to heat and transmit through protective layer buckling warp thread to inner textile layer, protect Card fabric can quickly reach the temperature of needed by human body, and the modified yarn is can be in any yarn that market is easy to get Line;The heating clothes three dimensional fabric is weaved using high-count yarn, and the flexibility and snugness of fit of fabric can be improved.
Embodiment 6
A kind of electromagnetic shielding clothing fabric, including three-dimensional conductive fabric, be from top to bottom be followed successively by appearance layer, function is led Electric layer and textile cover are bundled between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn and are made of one piece.
The appearance layer can according to need selection colored yarns and carry out pattern weaving;Yarn is natural fiber, terylene, brocade One or more of synthetic fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber are weaved with wave transparent fiber hybrid.To improve relaxing for fabric Adaptive, the wave transparent fiber consumption are 25%.The wave transparent fiber is quartz fibre.
The functional conductive layer is the yarn of carbon series conductive material modification, is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, ammonia One or more of synthetic fibre, IR fiber, viscose fiber are blended with meldable fibre.After finishing the weaving using blended yarns, to knitting Object carries out hot-pressing processing, so that filling yarn lap-joint is can establish stable welding structure, promotes carbon series conductive material modification The conductive network of intercommunication is formed between yarn, while fiber or the carbon series conductive material of yam surface can also be promoted to assemble and handed over Connection, to realize the formation of the comprehensive conductive network of electro-magnetic screen layer fabric.
The protective layer is modified yarn, has antibacterial or fire-retardant effect;The modified yarn is can be in market Any yarn being easy to get.
Test example 1
Three-dimensional structure conductive fabric (Fig. 1) and two-dimentional conductive fabric (Fig. 2) are in heat diffusion and electromagnetic screen through the invention The comparison covered.Three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the present invention as electric heating in application, discovery three-dimensional structure conduction of the invention is knitted Object can effectively prevent the loss of heat, reduce heating loss, be conducive to functional conductive layer heat through protective layer buckling warp thread to Inner textile layer transmitting guarantees that fabric can quickly reach the temperature of needed by human body, makees than two-dimentional conductive fabric in thermal diffusion With advantageously (as shown in Fig. 3 a, 3b).
Three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the present invention as electromagnetic shielding in application, three-dimensional structure conductive fabric of the present invention utilization Electromagnetic wave is converted to other energy losses and fallen by the resistance loss of internal wave-absorption fibre, is had secondly by three dimensional fabric thickness direction The pore structure of the more suction wave layer structures and fabric that have, electromagnetic wave can be absorbed by force as far as possible, while electromagnetic wave is also It can further be lost through multipath reflection, reduce the transmissivity of electromagnetic wave, improve the shield effectiveness of fabric.The two dimension of single layer is conductive Fabric lacks the effect of hole multipath reflection, and the absorption of electromagnetic wave and dissipation effect are markedly less than than three-dimensional structure conductive fabric. (as shown in Fig. 4 a, 4b).

Claims (10)

1. a kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric is from top to bottom to be followed successively by appearance layer, functional conductive layer and fabric to protect Sheath is bundled between above-mentioned three layers by attachment warp and weft yarns or bundled yarn and is made of one piece;It is preferred that the conduction The structure of fabric is that three-dimensional angle layer by layer interlocks woven fabric, 3-dimensional multi-layered angle interlocks woven fabric or three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric.
2. conductive fabric as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the functional conductive layer is by carbon series conductive material modification Fiber or yarn composition.
3. conductive fabric as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the carbon series conductive material is graphene, graphite, carbon are received One of mitron, conductive carbon black are a variety of;It is preferred that carbon series conductive material is graphene and graphite, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black One of or it is a variety of above compound;It is preferred that in the carbon series conductive material the total conductive material solid content of graphene Zhan 20- 99 parts, other conductive materials account for 1-80 parts;It is preferred that the total conductive material solid content of graphene Zhan in the carbon series conductive material 50-99 parts, other conductive materials account for 1-50 parts.
4. conductive fabric as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the method for modifying is by carbon series conductive material and polymer Fiber, yarn are immersed in the yarn that surface carbon coating system conductive material is obtained in carbon series conductive material paste by co-blended spinning Or fiber;It is preferred that the polymer is polyester, polypropylene, polyolefin, polyamide or polyvinyl chloride.
5. conductive fabric as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the carbon series conductive material and polymer co-blended spinning Fibre section is skin-core structure, parallel construction or island type structure.
6. conductive fabric as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the preparation of the carbon series conductive material paste, by graphite The aqueous lotion of alkene, which is diluted in the mixed solution of water and ethyl alcohol, is sanded dispersion using sand mill, then is separately added into conductive carbon material work stone One of ink, carbon nanotube, conductive carbon black or a variety of sand millings that continue disperse, and film forming agent is then added and is ultrasonically treated, obtains To carbon series conductive material paste;It is preferred that the film forming agent is waterborne polyester, aqueous polyurethane, watersoluble polyvinyl alcohol, aqueous ring At least one of oxygen, water soluble acrylic acid.
7. a kind of preparation method of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric, the three-dimensional interlocking of angle layer by layer and multilayer Angular interlocking structure Woven fabric weaving step includes:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving and is consolidated It is scheduled on and takes on yarn device, if one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn above and below fabric, middle layer warp thread is Conductive yarn, consecutive warp column respectively penetrate in first page heald frame and second page heald frame;
(2) it weaves, controls the orderly lifting of the heald frames of page first and second, introduce weft yarn in multilayer Warp opening position and equally knit The control warp thread arrangement of object upper and lower level makes weft yarn arrange in a thickness direction successively to introduce according to desired function, as next on fabric Layer or multilayer are required colour system yarn or other function yarn, and middle wefts are conductive yarn;It then will be more by reed Layer weft yarn is pushed into fell simultaneously, complete a warp thread and weft yarn layer by layer or multilayer interlock, so that fabric is formed an entirety Three-dimensional structure;Repeat the orderly lifting of heald frame, the weaving of wefting insertion, beating process completion fabric;
Or the three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric weaving step includes:
(1) yarn is hung, the warp thread of different functionalities is sequentially passed through into porous heald in the arrangement of thickness direction by it before weaving and is consolidated It is scheduled on and takes on yarn device, if one or more layers is required colour system yarn or other function yarn above and below fabric, middle layer warp thread is Conductive yarn;All longitude yarn rows penetrate in one page heald frame;Bundled yarn is made of upper layer and lower layer, under hanging 1 in yarn sequence 1,1 column warp Yarn corresponds to 1 bundled yarn, is then attached to and takes on yarn device;
(2) it weaves, multilayer parallel warp thread is open simultaneously and introduces weft yarn, and it is whole by upper layer and lower layer bundled yarn to alternately pass through fabric The binding to warp thread and weft yarn can be completed in a thickness direction;Equally, the arrangement of fabric upper and lower level control warp thread is according to required function Property makes weft yarn, and successively arrangement introduces in a thickness direction, as one or more layers is required colour system yarn, middle layer latitude above and below fabric Yarn is conductive yarn, and multilayer weft yarn is then pushed into fell simultaneously by reed, completes primary whole binding and interweaves, repeats warp thread Opening, wefting insertion, alternating movement bundled yarn, beating process complete the weaving of integral fabric.
8. a kind of electrical heating elements of heating system, which is characterized in that led including three-dimensional as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 Electric fabric, the appearance layer yarn are one of natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber Or several combination;
Preferably, above-mentioned appearance layer yarn is modified yarn, and the modified yarn is in thermally conductive and antibacterial, fire-retardant, insulation One or two and combination of the above the effect of;
The yarn or warp is blended with polymer by carbon series conductive material that the functional conductive layer is coated by carbon series conductive material surface The yarn of surface carbon coating system conductive material forms again after melt spinning;It is preferred that functional conductive layer is in fabric knitting, in advance Conductive warp yarn is arranged in middle layer, the weft yarn to interweave when then weaving with middle layer warp thread also uses conductive yarn, thus The intermediate of entire fabric forms continuous conductive network;
The textile cover yarn is that the fiber of hollow structure and the meldable fibre of hollow structure are blended;It is preferred that hollow structure Fiber and the meldable fibre of hollow structure be blended and be alternatively arranged weaving, hot pressing makes protective layer form even closer structure.
9. a kind of heating clothes fabric, which is characterized in that including three-dimensional conductive fabric as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, The appearance layer yarn is natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber with hollow structure One or more of combination;It is preferred that appearance layer yarn is modified yarn, the modified yarn have insulation and it is fire-retardant, In insulation the effect of one or more kinds of combinations;
The yarn or warp is blended with polymer by carbon series conductive material that the functional conductive layer is coated by carbon series conductive material surface The yarn of surface carbon coating system conductive material forms again after melt spinning;
The protective layer yarn is the combination of one or more of cotton fiber, flaxen fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex;It is excellent Selecting protective layer yarn is modified yarn, has the combined function of one or more of thermally conductive and antibacterial, fire-retardant, insulation Effect.
10. a kind of electromagnetic shielding clothing fabric, including three-dimensional conductive fabric as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, described outer Seeing layer yarn is one or more of natural fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber and wave transparent Fiber hybrid weaving, the wave transparent fiber consumption are 10-50%;
The functional conductive layer is made of the yarn of carbon series conductive material modification, it is preferable that the functional conductive layer is by carbon Be one of the modified yarn natural fiber of conductive material, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex, IR fiber, viscose fiber or It is several to be blended with meldable fibre;It is preferred that the functional conductive layer is to carry out heat to fabric after finishing the weaving by blended yarns Pressure processing, makes filling yarn lap-joint can establish stable welding structure, between the yarn for promoting carbon series conductive material modification The conductive network of intercommunication is formed, the carbon series conductive material of yam surface assembles crosslinking, forms electro-magnetic screen layer functional conductive layer;
The protective layer yarn is the combination of one or more of cotton fiber, flaxen fiber, terylene, polyamide fibre, polyvinyl, spandex;It is excellent Selection of land protective layer yarn is modified yarn, has antibacterial or fire-retardant effect.
CN201910040088.2A 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 A kind of novel and multifunctional three-dimensional conductive fabric and preparation method and purposes CN109652898A (en)

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