CN109634087B - Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock - Google Patents

Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109634087B
CN109634087B CN201811602683.2A CN201811602683A CN109634087B CN 109634087 B CN109634087 B CN 109634087B CN 201811602683 A CN201811602683 A CN 201811602683A CN 109634087 B CN109634087 B CN 109634087B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
positive plate
clamping
rigid
positive
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201811602683.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109634087A (en
Inventor
谢安
陈军
黄存儒
郝西虎
陈洪海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sinuowei Xiamen Precision Manufacturing Co ltd
Xiamen University of Technology
Original Assignee
Sinuowei Xiamen Precision Manufacturing Co ltd
Xiamen University of Technology
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Application filed by Sinuowei Xiamen Precision Manufacturing Co ltd, Xiamen University of Technology filed Critical Sinuowei Xiamen Precision Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN201811602683.2A priority Critical patent/CN109634087B/en
Publication of CN109634087A publication Critical patent/CN109634087A/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04DAPPARATUS OR TOOLS SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR MAKING OR MAINTAINING CLOCKS OR WATCHES
    • G04D1/00Gripping, holding, or supporting devices
    • G04D1/0071Gripping, holding, or supporting devices for totally automated assembly
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04DAPPARATUS OR TOOLS SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR MAKING OR MAINTAINING CLOCKS OR WATCHES
    • G04D1/00Gripping, holding, or supporting devices
    • G04D1/06Supporting devices for clockworks or parts of time-pieces

Abstract

The invention discloses a clock positive pole rotating mechanism which is used for being matched with a positive pole feeding mechanism and a positive pole assembling manipulator on an automatic clock movement assembling production line and comprises a bracket, wherein the left side and the right side of the top of the bracket are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a pneumatic clamping finger for loosening or clamping a positive pole piece; the positive plate is clamped by the pneumatic clamping fingers, the clamped positive plate is driven to rotate by the driving gear transmission mechanism of the air cylinder, the positive plate is rotated to an angle required by the positive plate to be assembled into the clock movement, and a manipulator on the movement assembly line can directly grab the positive plate with the adjusted angle and press the positive plate into the clock movement for assembly.

Description

Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock
Technical Field
The invention relates to auxiliary equipment for automatically assembling an electrode plate of a clock movement, in particular to a clock positive electrode rotating mechanism which automatically rotates a positive electrode plate to an angle required by loading the positive electrode plate into the clock movement.
Background
As is known, the one end of the battery jar in the clock movement needs to be installed with the positive plate connected with the positive electrode of the battery through pressing, and the positive plate is assembled in the clock movement by manual operation, and the problems exist in that: firstly, the positive plate is light and thin and has small volume, the positive plate is manually taken and the loading angle and the posture of the positive plate are adjusted, the mounting position of the positive plate in the clock movement is recognized by human eyes, then the positive plate is pressed into the positive position in the clock movement for mounting, the operation is complicated, the efficiency is low, the quality of the assembled clock movement is unstable, the yield is low, and the production cost of the manually assembled movement is high; the positive plate of the clock movement is a metal sheet formed by mechanically punching and cutting, so that the edge of the positive plate is sharp, the angle of the positive plate which is manually taken and manually rotated and is arranged in the movement is very difficult, and the positive plate can be cut by the sharp edge of the positive plate carelessly, so that potential safety hazards exist in manually assembling the positive plate of the movement.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention aims to provide a watch positive pole rotating mechanism, which can automatically rotate a positive pole plate of a watch movement to an angle required for installation in the movement, so that an automatic manipulator can directly press the positive pole plate with an adjusted assembly angle into the movement quickly and accurately for installation.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a watch positive rotation mechanism, which is used for cooperating with a positive feeding mechanism and a positive assembling manipulator on an automatic assembling line of a watch movement, and comprises a bracket, characterized in that: the left side and the right side of the top of the bracket are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a pneumatic clamping finger for loosening or clamping the positive plate, the middle device of the top of the bracket is fixedly connected with a tooth transmission mechanism, the tooth transmission mechanism is used for driving the positive plate clamped by the left pneumatic clamping finger and the right pneumatic clamping finger to rotate to an angle capable of being loaded into a machine core, and the tooth transmission mechanism is driven by a cylinder fixed at the lower part of the bracket.
The top of each pneumatic clamping finger is provided with a first clamping jaw and a second clamping jaw which are driven by the pneumatic clamping fingers to move in opposite directions or in opposite directions by the pneumatic clamping fingers, an elastic rotating shaft moving along with the first clamping jaw is rotationally connected to the first clamping jaw, a rigid rotating shaft moving along with the second clamping jaw is rotationally connected to the second clamping jaw, the elastic rotating shaft is superposed with the central axis of the rigid rotating shaft, the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft move in opposite directions to clamp the positive plate, and the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft move in opposite directions to release the positive; the tooth transmission mechanism is connected with the rigid rotating shaft and can drive the rigid rotating shaft to rotate.
The elastic rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the first clamping jaw through a first bearing, and the rigid rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the second clamping jaw through a second bearing; when the gear transmission mechanism drives the rigid rotating shaft to rotate, the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft clamp and press the positive plate to rotate together, and the positive plate is rotationally adjusted in such a way to achieve the angle required by being assembled into the clock movement.
An elastic pressure head is fixed at the shaft end of the elastic rotating shaft clamping positive plate, and a clamping groove for positioning the positive plate is arranged at the shaft end of the rigid rotating shaft clamping positive plate; when the positive plate is clamped into the clamping groove and pressed by the elastic pressing head, the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft are enabled to clamp enough friction force to synchronously rotate together, the positive plate is prevented from continuously rotating when the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft stop rotating instantly, so that the accuracy of angle adjustment of the positive plate is ensured,
the gear transmission mechanism comprises a U-shaped frame fixed in the middle of the top of the bracket, two ends of a gear are rotatably arranged in the middle of the U-shaped frame through a third bearing, and a rack meshed with the gear is arranged in the U-shaped frame in a vertically movable manner; the rigid rotating shaft is connected with a gear coupling, and the rack is connected with a cylinder rod of the cylinder. The cylinder actuating rack can move up and down to drive the gear to rotate in the forward and reverse directions, so that the positive plate clamped and pressed by the elastic rotating shaft and the rigid rotating shaft rotates in the forward and reverse directions together, and the positive plate is adjusted in such a way to meet the angle required by assembling the positive plate into a clock movement.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the positive plate is clamped by the pneumatic clamping fingers, the clamped positive plate is driven to rotate by the driving gear transmission mechanism of the air cylinder, the positive plate is rotated to an angle required by the positive plate to be assembled into the clock movement, and a manipulator on the movement assembly line can directly grab the positive plate with the adjusted angle and press the positive plate into the clock movement for assembly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a positive plate clamped and rotated according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a structural sectional view of the positive electrode sheet pinched and rotated according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the invention mounted on an automatic assembly line of a timepiece movement
The figures in the drawings are identified as: 10. a support; 20. pneumatic clamping fingers; 21. a first jaw; 211. an elastic rotating shaft; a first bearing 212; 213. an elastic pressure head; 22. a second jaw; 221. a rigid rotating shaft; 222. a second bearing; a card slot 223; 30. a gear transmission mechanism; a U-shaped frame; 32. a rack; 33. a gear; 34. a third bearing; 40, a cylinder; 50. a positive electrode feeding mechanism; 51. a blocking finger; 60. a positive electrode assembling manipulator; 61. mechanically clamping; A. a positive plate; m. the movement.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
The watch positive pole rotating mechanism shown in fig. 1 is used for matching with a positive pole feeding mechanism and a positive pole assembling manipulator on an automatic assembly line of a watch movement, and comprises a bracket 10, wherein pneumatic clamping fingers 20 for loosening or clamping a positive pole piece A are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the top of the bracket 10, a gear transmission mechanism 30 is fixedly connected to the middle device of the top of the bracket 10, and the gear transmission mechanism 30 is driven by a cylinder 40 fixed at the lower part of the bracket 10 so as to rotate the positive pole piece A clamped by the pneumatic clamping fingers 20 on the left side and the right side to an angle capable of being installed in the movement.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, each of the pneumatic fingers 20 of the present invention has a first jaw 21 and a second jaw 22 driven by the top thereof to move toward or away from each other, an elastic rotating shaft 211 moving with the first jaw 21 is rotatably connected thereto, and a rigid rotating shaft 221 moving with the second jaw 22 is rotatably connected thereto, specifically: the elastic rotating shaft 211 is rotatably connected to the first clamping jaw 21 through a first bearing 212, and the rigid rotating shaft 221 is rotatably connected to the second clamping jaw 22 through a second bearing 222, so that the central axes of the elastic rotating shaft 211 and the rigid rotating shaft 221 are overlapped; an elastic pressure head 213 is fixed at the shaft end of the elastic rotating shaft 211 for clamping the positive plate A, and a clamping groove 223 for positioning the positive plate A is arranged at the shaft end of the rigid rotating shaft 221 for clamping the positive plate A; the pneumatic finger clamp 20 is started, the first clamping jaw 21 and the second clamping jaw 22 move towards each other, so that the elastic rotating shaft 211 and the rigid rotating shaft 221 move towards each other, and the elastic pressing head 213 and the clamping groove 223 clamp and press the positive plate A towards each other; when the first clamping jaw 21 and the second clamping jaw 22 move away from each other, the elastic rotating shaft 211 moves away from the rigid rotating shaft 221 to release the positive plate a.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the gear transmission mechanism 30 of the present invention includes a U-shaped frame 31 fixed at the top center of the bracket 10, a gear 33 rotatably installed at both ends of the U-shaped frame 31 through a third bearing 34, a rack 32 engaged with the gear 33 and installed in the U-shaped frame 31 to be movable up and down, the rack 32 connected to the cylinder rod of the cylinder 40, and a rigid rotation shaft 221 of the pneumatic finger grip 20 coupled to the gear 33 of the gear transmission mechanism 30.
The operation principle and the operation of the present invention will be described in detail below.
As shown in fig. 4, the invention is matched with a positive pole feeding mechanism 50 and a positive pole assembling manipulator 60 on an automatic assembly line of a clock movement, the positive pole piece a is blocked by a blocking finger 51 of the positive pole feeding mechanism 50, the positive pole piece a is grabbed to a position to be rotated by a clamp 61 of the positive pole assembling manipulator 60, as shown in fig. 1-3, a pneumatic clamping finger 20 is started, a first clamping jaw 21 and a second clamping jaw 22 move oppositely, an elastic rotating shaft 211 moves oppositely to a rigid rotating shaft 221, an elastic pressure head 213 and a clamping groove 223 press the positive pole piece a oppositely, and the elastic rotating shaft 211 and the rigid rotating shaft 221 can clamp the positive pole piece a; the cylinder 40 drives the rack 32 to realize rotation of the gear 33, the gear 33 drives the rigid rotating shaft 221 to rotate, the through clamping groove 223 is matched with the elastic coupling shaft clamped by the elastic pressure head 213 to enable the elastic rotating shaft 211 to synchronously rotate along with the rigid rotating shaft 221 and the positive plate a clamped by the rigid rotating shaft 221, as shown in fig. 4 and fig. 2, so as to rotate the positive plate a to a required angle for loading the movement M, then the positive plate a with the adjusted angle is clamped by the clamp 61 of the positive assembly manipulator 60, the pneumatic clamping finger 20 is started to enable the first clamping jaw 21 and the second clamping jaw 22 to move back and forth to release the positive plate a, then the clamp 61 of the positive assembly manipulator 60 moves to a positive assembly position of the movement M, and the positive plate a is loaded into the movement M.
The above embodiments are provided only for illustrating the present invention and not for limiting the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, all equivalents are intended to fall within the scope of the invention, which is defined in the claims.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a clock and watch positive plate rotary mechanism which is used for with the cooperation of positive plate feed mechanism and positive plate assembly manipulator on the automatic assembly line of clock cassette mechanism, includes a support (10), its characterized in that: pneumatic clamping fingers (20) used for loosening or clamping the positive plate (A) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the top of the support (10), a tooth transmission mechanism (30) is fixedly connected to the middle device of the top of the support (10), the tooth transmission mechanism (30) is used for driving the positive plate (A) clamped by the left pneumatic clamping finger and the right pneumatic clamping finger (20) to rotate to an angle capable of being installed into a machine core, and the tooth transmission mechanism (30) is driven by a cylinder (40) fixed to the lower portion of the support (10); the top of each pneumatic clamping finger (20) is provided with a first clamping jaw (21) and a second clamping jaw (22) which are driven by the pneumatic clamping fingers to move in the opposite direction or in the opposite direction, an elastic rotating shaft (211) moving along with the first clamping jaw (21) is rotationally connected to the first clamping jaw, a rigid rotating shaft (221) moving along with the second clamping jaw (22) is rotationally connected to the rigid rotating shaft, the central axes of the elastic rotating shaft (211) and the rigid rotating shaft (221) are overlapped, the elastic rotating shaft (211) and the rigid rotating shaft (221) move in the opposite direction to clamp the positive plate (A), and the elastic rotating shaft (211) and the rigid rotating shaft (221) move in the opposite direction to release the positive plate (A; the gear transmission mechanism (30) is connected with the rigid rotating shaft (221) and can drive the rigid rotating shaft to rotate.
2. A timepiece positive plate rotating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the elastic rotating shaft (211) is rotatably connected to the first clamping jaw (21) through a first bearing (212), and the rigid rotating shaft (221) is rotatably connected to the second clamping jaw (22) through a second bearing (222).
3. A timepiece positive plate rotating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the shaft end of the elastic rotating shaft (211) for clamping the positive plate (A) is fixed with an elastic pressure head (213), and the shaft end of the rigid rotating shaft (221) for clamping the positive plate (A) is provided with a clamping groove (223) for positioning the positive plate (A).
4. A timepiece positive plate rotating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the gear transmission mechanism (30) comprises a U-shaped frame (31) fixed in the middle of the top of the bracket (10), two ends of a gear (33) are rotatably arranged in the middle of the U-shaped frame (31) through a third bearing (34), and a rack (32) meshed with the gear (33) is arranged in the U-shaped frame (31) in a vertically movable manner; the rigid rotating shaft (221) is connected with a gear (33) in a coupling mode, and the rack (32) is connected with a cylinder rod of the cylinder (40).
CN201811602683.2A 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock Active CN109634087B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811602683.2A CN109634087B (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811602683.2A CN109634087B (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 Positive plate rotating mechanism of clock

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CN109634087B true CN109634087B (en) 2020-08-25

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2187273A1 (en) * 2008-11-18 2010-05-19 Almac S.A. Machining of parts with a single tightening operation
CN205703865U (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-23 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 A kind of soft object fixed mechanism
CN106808092A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-09 昆山允可精密工业技术有限公司 Lathe and its clamping fixture

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2544098C3 (en) * 1974-11-11 1979-11-22 Tornos S.A. Fabrique De Machines Moutier, Moutier, Bern (Schweiz)
CH697657B1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2008-12-31 Almac Sa Beveling and engine turning machine for e.g. plane pieces, has motorized head comprising burin mounted at center of rotation axis for being oriented along machining path, without modification in its position
CN203636830U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-06-11 黎德智 Gas clamp with rotating function
CN106814594A (en) * 2015-11-27 2017-06-09 苏州富强科技有限公司 Automatic absorbing pressure sensitive mechanism
CN206367018U (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-08-01 山东科技大学 Double pawl Pneumatic manipulators may be reversed in one kind
CN107976894B (en) * 2017-12-23 2021-04-20 珠海嘉威自动化科技有限公司 Watchcase automatic assembly machine
CN207780511U (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-08-28 重庆市华企医疗器械股份有限公司 A kind of wrist-watch clamping device
CN108927648A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-04 深圳市炫硕智造技术有限公司 A kind of jig clamping and rotating system and ball bulb assembly system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2187273A1 (en) * 2008-11-18 2010-05-19 Almac S.A. Machining of parts with a single tightening operation
CN205703865U (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-23 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 A kind of soft object fixed mechanism
CN106808092A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-09 昆山允可精密工业技术有限公司 Lathe and its clamping fixture

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